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structured reporting in radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789203/papillary-glioneuronal-tumor-a-case-report
#1
Julián Castro Castro, Olalla Lista Martínez, Nuria Caramés Díaz, Noemi Conde Lorenzo
Papillary glioneuronal tumor (PGNT) is a recently described central nervous system neoplasm. In 2007, the World Health Organization classified this tumor as a grade I neuronal-glial neoplasm. Patients are usually juvenile and young adults who commonly present with headache or seizures. We report a case of a 13-year-old boy that was related to our hospital after suffering a mild head injury result of an automobile accident. Emergent CT scan showed a right hypointense temporo-occipital lesion. MRI confirmed the presence of a lesion suggestive of a primary brain tumor...
May 19, 2018: Neurocirugía
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781675/axial-sesamoiditis-in-the-horse-a-review
#2
Christelle Le Roux, Ann Carstens
Axial sesamoiditis or osteitis of the proximal sesamoid bones (PSBs) in the horse is described as a rare condition. The cause remains unknown and speculative, with vascular, infectious, and traumatic aetiologies implicated. It is specifically associated with injury of the palmar or plantar ligament (PL), also known as the intersesamoidean ligament. Imaging findings are generally rewarding and radiological changes are typical, if not pathognomonic, for the condition. Lesions consist of bone lysis at the apical to mid-body axial margins of the PSBs, with variable degrees of joint effusion...
March 29, 2018: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766512/structured-radiology-reporting-on-an-institutional-level-benefit-or-new-administrative-burden
#3
REVIEW
Daniel Pinto Dos Santos, Elmar Kotter
Significant technical advances have been made in radiology since the first discovery of X-rays. Diagnostic techniques have become more and more complex, workflows have been digitized, and data production has increased exponentially. However, the radiology report as the main method for communicating examination results has largely remained unchanged. Growing evidence supports that more structured radiology reports offer various benefits over conventional narrative reports. Various efforts have been made to further develop and promote structured reporting...
May 16, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755269/inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-of-the-orbit-a-clinico-pathological-study-of-25-cases
#4
Diego Strianese, Fausto Tranfa, Marialuisa Finelli, Adriana Iuliano, Stefania Staibano, Giuseppe Mariniello
Background: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare entity characterized by the presence of myofibroblasts and inflammatory cells within a fibrous stroma, which typically occurs in children or young adults. The IMT is considered generally a benign lesion, although about 20% of cases may experience recurrence, and most rarely develop metastasis. Herein, we present the largest series of primary orbital IMT ever reported. Patients and methods: The clinical records of 25 patients, collected between the 1995 and 2015, with biopsy-proven diagnosis of orbital IMT were retrospectively reviewed to determine demographic, clinical, radiologic and pathological features, management, and outcome...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745767/a-proof-of-concept-for-epidemiological-research-using-structured-reporting-with-pulmonary-embolism-as-a-use-case
#5
Pinto Dos Santos Daniel, Scheibl Sonja, Arnhold Gordon, Maehringer-Kunz Aline, Düber Christoph, Mildenberger Peter, Kloeckner Roman
OBJECTIVE: This paper studies the possibilities of an integrated IT-based workflow for epidemiological research in pulmonary embolism using freely available tools and structured reporting. METHODS: We included a total of 521 consecutive cases which had been referred to the radiology department for computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). Free-text reports were transformed into structured reports using a freely available IHE-MRRT-compliant reporting platform...
May 10, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744092/focal-atrophy-of-the-unilateral-masticatory-muscles-caused-by-pure-trigeminal-motor-neuropathy-case-report
#6
Antti Kämppi, Leena Kämppi, Pentti Kemppainen, Mari Kanerva, Jussi Toppila, Mari Auranen
Patients with unknown clinical or radiological asymmetry in the face structures combined with atrophy and weakness of the masticatory muscles should be comprehensively examined clinically and with MRI, neurophysiological measurements, and serologically. Malignant lesions or benign idiopathic unilateral trigeminal motor neuropathy should be considered as an etiological explanation for the asymmetry.
May 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735402/demographics-and-referral-patterns-of-a-university-based-oral-maxillofacial-radiology-clinic-over-a-20-year-period
#7
Chen Nadler, Linda Lee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the referral patterns, distribution of interpretations, and type of diagnostic imaging used in a university based oral maxillofacial radiology clinic for patients referred for consultation from both dental and nondental clinicians. STUDY DESIGN: The database of the Special Procedures clinic in the oral radiology department of the University of Toronto, Faculty of Dentistry, containing over 5000 entries, from 1993 to 2013, was queried...
March 23, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734497/pseudoprogression-of-brain-tumors
#8
Stefanie C Thust, Martin J van den Bent, Marion Smits
This review describes the definition, incidence, clinical implications, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of pseudoprogression of brain tumors, in particular, but not limited to, high-grade glioma. Pseudoprogression is an important clinical problem after brain tumor treatment, interfering not only with day-to-day patient care but also the execution and interpretation of clinical trials. Radiologically, pseudoprogression is defined as a new or enlarging area(s) of contrast agent enhancement, in the absence of true tumor growth, which subsides or stabilizes without a change in therapy...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728463/biochemically-altered-myelin-triggers-autoimmune-demyelination
#9
Andrew V Caprariello, James A Rogers, Megan L Morgan, Vahid Hoghooghi, Jason R Plemel, Adam Koebel, Shigeki Tsutsui, Jeffrey F Dunn, Lakshmi P Kotra, Shalina S Ousman, V Wee Yong, Peter K Stys
Although immune attack against central nervous system (CNS) myelin is a central feature of multiple sclerosis (MS), its root cause is unresolved. In this report, we provide direct evidence that subtle biochemical modifications to brain myelin elicit pathological immune responses with radiological and histological properties similar to MS lesions. A subtle myelinopathy induced by abbreviated cuprizone treatment, coupled with subsequent immune stimulation, resulted in lesions of inflammatory demyelination. The degree of myelin injury dictated the resulting immune response; biochemical damage that was too limited or too extensive failed to trigger overt pathology...
May 4, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727280/automated-chest-x-ray-screening-can-lung-region-symmetry-help-detect-pulmonary-abnormalities
#10
K C Santosh, Sameer Antani
Our primary motivator is the need for screening HIV+ populations in resource-constrained regions for exposure to Tuberculosis, using posteroanterior chest radiographs (CXRs). The proposed method is motivated by the observation that radiological examinations routinely conduct bilateral comparisons of the lung field. In addition, the abnormal CXRs tend to exhibit changes in the lung shape, size, and content (textures), and in overall, reflection symmetry between them. We analyze the lung region symmetry using multi-scale shape features, and edge plus texture features...
May 2018: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725534/middle-segment-pancreatectomy-for-a-solid-serous-cystadenoma-diagnosed-by-mrcp-and-review-of-the-literature-a-case-report
#11
Yuichiro Okumura, Takehiro Noda, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Yoshifumi Iwagami, Daisaku Yamada, Tadafumi Asaoka, Koichi Kawamoto, Kunihito Gotoh, Shogo Kobayashi, Koji Umeshita, Yasuji Hashimoto, Yutaka Takeda, Masahiro Tanemura, Minoru Shigekawa, Eiichi Morii, Tetsuo Takehara, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
Solid serous cystadenoma of the pancreas is the rarest subtype of serous cystadenoma. Cystic structures are difficult to recognize by imaging studies. In the clinical setting, it is crucial to discriminate a solid serious cystadenoma from other solid pancreatic tumors. The present study reported a case of solid serous cystadenoma in which the magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) findings were useful for diagnosis and decision-making regarding the surgical strategy, with a review of the previous reports of solid serous cystadenoma...
May 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713360/intestinal-duplication-revealed-by-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome
#12
Yosra Kerkeni, Hela Louati, Mourad Hamzaoui
We report a unique case of intestinal duplication detected on posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) in a 13-year-old girl. She was admitted to the pediatric Emergency Department because of generalized seizures. Radiological assessment revealed a large, well-defined, thick-walled cystic lesion in the mid abdomen, suggestive of duplication cyst associated to a PRES. Exploration confirmed the diagnosis of ileal duplication cyst, and the mass was resected. The postoperative course was uneventful. Both hypertension and neurological dysfunction resolved after the mass resection...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692980/leveraging-national-cancer-institute-programmatic-collaboration-for-uterine-cervix-cancer-patient-accrual-in-puerto-rico
#13
Charles A Kunos, Holly A Massett, Annette Galassi, Joan L Walker, Marge J Good, Luis Báez Díaz, Worta McCaskill-Stevens
Women in the U.S. Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (PR) have a higher age-adjusted incidence rate for uterine cervix cancer than the U.S. mainland as well as substantial access and economic barriers to cancer care. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) funds a Minority/Underserved NCI Community Oncology Research Program in PR (PRNCORP) as part of a national network of community-based health-care systems to conduct multisite cancer clinical trials in diverse populations. Participation by the PRNCORP in NCI's uterine cervix cancer clinical trials, however, has remained limited...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692401/a-review-of-skeletal-dysplasia-research-in-india
#14
REVIEW
A Uttarilli, H Shah, A Shukla, K M Girisha
We aimed to review the contributions by Indian researchers to the subspecialty of skeletal dysplasias (SDs). Literature search using specific keywords in PubMed was performed to retrieve all the published literature on SDs as on July 6, 2017. All published literature on SDs wherein at least one author was from an Indian institute was included. Publications were grouped into different categories based on the major emphasis of the research paper. Five hundred and forty publications in English language were retrieved and categorized into five different groups...
April 2018: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682982/resection-of-medial-talocalcaneal-coalition-with-interposition-of-a-pediculated-flap-of-tibialis-posterior-tendon-sheath
#15
Jan Hubert, Thelonius Hawellek, Frank Timo Beil, Dominik Saul, Jens Henning Kling, Christoph Viebahn, Oliver Jungesblut, Ralf Stücker, Martin Rupprecht
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to present a novel operative technique in the management of medial talocalcaneal coalition (TC) and to report our clinical and radiologic results after interposition of a pediculated flap (PF) of the tibialis posterior tendon sheath. METHODS: Twelve feet of 10 patients with a medial TC were treated with the interposition of PF of the tibialis posterior tendon sheath following resection. Pre- and postoperative clinical examinations were performed to evaluate the range of motion and the function of the tibialis posterior muscle of the affected foot...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679214/improvement-of-radiology-reporting-in-a-clinical-cancer-network-impact-of-an-optimised-multidisciplinary-workflow
#16
A W Olthof, J Borstlap, W W Roeloffzen, P M C Callenbach, P M A van Ooijen
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of implementing a quality improvement project in a clinical cancer network directed at the response assessment of oncology patients according to RECIST-criteria. METHODS: Requests and reports of computed tomography (CT) studies from before (n = 103) and after (n = 112) implementation of interventions were compared. The interventions consisted of: a multidisciplinary working agreement with a clearly described workflow; subspecialisation of radiologists; adaptation of the Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS); structured reporting...
April 20, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676356/current-practice-in-handling-and-reporting-needle-biopsies-a-hospital-based-survey
#17
Paritosh Garg, Priya Pathak, Rachna Goyal, Vinod K Arora, Navjeevan Singh
Context: Core-needle biopsy (CNB) is a minimally invasive screening and diagnostic tool which provides intact tissue fragments for histopathological examination. Aims: This study was conducted to review the current practices of handling and reporting CNBs performed for core-needle biopsies from four organ systems which are frequently encountered in our institution. These include breast, prostate, soft tissues, and lymph nodes. Settings and Design: This was a retrospective study conducted at a tertiary care hospital...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673106/use-of-dynamic-images-in-radiology-education-movies-of-ct-and-mri-in-the-anatomy-classroom
#18
Hye Won Jang, Chang-Seok Oh, Yeon Hyeon Choe, Dong Su Jang
Radiology education is a key component in many preclinical anatomy courses. However, the reported effectiveness of radiology education within such anatomy classrooms has varied. This study was conducted to determine if a novel educational method using dynamic images of movies of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was effective in radiology education during a preclinical anatomy course, aided by clay modeling, specific hand gestures (digit anatomy), and reports from dissection findings uploaded to the anatomy course website (digital reports)...
April 19, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672322/isolated-traumatic-diastasis-of-the-clival-synchondroses-without-clival-fracture
#19
Amir H Faraji, Pawel G Ochalski, Alp Ozpinar, Jason E Blatt, Ian F Pollack
Traumatic clival fractures in the pediatric population are associated with high mortality rates. In our previously reported series, a subset of clival fractures were associated with traumatic diastasis of the surrounding clival synchondroses. Herein, we describe a pediatric case of an isolated traumatic diastasis of the clival synchondroses without clival fracture with significant injury to neurovascular structures. To our knowledge this is the first report to describe this entity. Careful radiological attention should be made towards the clival synchondroses in crushing head injuries to best tailor screening for cerebrovascular injury even in the absence of clival fractures...
April 19, 2018: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664321/eurados-work-on-internal-dosimetry
#20
B Breustedt, E Blanchardon, C-M Castellani, G Etherington, D Franck, A Giussani, W Hofmann, A-L Lebacq, W B Li, D Noßke, M A Lopez
European Radiation Dosimetry Group (EURADOS) Working Group 7 is a network on internal dosimetry that brings together researchers from more than 60 institutions in 21 countries. The work of the group is organised into task groups that focus on different aspects, such as development and implementation of biokinetic models (e.g. for diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid decorporation therapy), individual monitoring and the dose assessment process, Monte Carlo simulations for internal dosimetry, uncertainties in internal dosimetry, and internal microdosimetry...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
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