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critical results reporting in radiology

Haris S Vasiliadis, Konstantinos Tsikopoulos
The prevalence of primary or idiopathic osteoarthritis (OA) of knee and hip joints has substantially increased in general population during the last decades. Analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are currently extensively used as non-surgical treatment options. However, they act as symptomatic treatments, not offering a cure of OA and they are accused for an increased risk of adverse events. Glucosamine (GL) and chondroitin (CH) are nutritional supplements that have recently gained widespread use as treatment options for OA...
January 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
Rebecca M Marsh, Michael S Silosky
PURPOSE: Review of dose metrics as part of the routine evaluation of CT protocols has become commonplace and is required by the Joint Commission and the American College of Radiology for accreditation. Most CT quality assurance programs include a review of CTDIvol and/or SSDE, both of which are affected by changes in mAs and kV. mAs, and sometimes kV, are largely determined by the Tube Current Modulation (TCM) functions of the scanner. TCM, in turn, relies on localizer scans to provide an accurate estimate of patient size...
January 30, 2017: Medical Physics
Eric A Walker, Jonelle M Petscavage-Thomas, Joseph S Fotos, Michael A Bruno
OBJECTIVES: We present the results of the 2015 QUALMET survey, which was designed to assess the commonalities and variability of selected quality and productivity metrics currently employed by a large sample of academic radiology departments representing all regions in the United States. METHODS: The survey of key radiology metrics was distributed in March-April of 2015 via personal e-mail to 112 academic radiology departments. RESULTS: There was a 34...
January 24, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
N V Gunko, N V Korotkova, N I Omelyanets
OBJECTIVE: Appraisal of trends in structure of characteristics in population of radiologically contaminated territo ries (RCT) born in 1968-1986 (children and adolescents at the time of the ChNPP accident).Study Object. Persons born since 1968 till 1986 i.e. children and adolescents at the time of the ChNPP accident, who lived on the most intensively contaminated territories of Ukraine (Ivankiv and Poliske regions of Kyiv oblast and Narodichi and Ovruch regions of Zhytomyr oblast) within 1986-2011...
December 2016: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
Rachna Madan, LaTia D Peavy, Breland Crudup, Andetta Hunsaker
Line malposition may result in significant iatrogenic complications. Awareness of the most common types of line malposition and the frequency of significant line-related complications is an important reminder to the radiologist to look carefully at all lines, especially the devices that are most commonly subject to malposition. Alert Notification of Critical Results (ANCR) are computer-generated pages or e-mails created by the radiologist to inform referring clinicians of significant radiologic findings. The alert is logged on the computer and all data are saved for future review...
September 28, 2016: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
Nicola Acciarri, Giorgio Palandri, Andrea Cuoci, Adelaide Valluzzi, Giuseppe Lanzino
BACKGROUND: Cranioplasty is a surgical procedure that has still a high rate of complications, although it is commonly considered an easy and routine operation. In the literature, cranioplasty complications may rise up to 41% of cases, and the most frequently reported are infections, autologous bone flap resorption, and hematomas. Although possible, poor cosmetic results are rarely mentioned. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the cases of 313 patients who underwent 377 surgical procedures for cranioplasty and reoperations for complications between 2008 and 2014...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
Nicola Acciarri, Giorgio Palandri, Andrea Cuoci, Adelaide Valluzzi, Giuseppe Lanzino
BACKGROUND: Cranioplasty is a surgical procedure that has still a high rate of complications, although it is commonly considered an easy and routine operation. In the literature, cranioplasty complications may rise up to 41% of cases, and the most frequently reported are infections, autologous bone flap resorption, and hematomas. Although possible, poor cosmetic results are rarely mentioned. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the cases of 313 patients who underwent 377 surgical procedures for cranioplasty and reoperations for complications between 2008 and 2014...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
Jenny X Chen, Blake C Alkire, Allen C Lam, William T Curry, Eric H Holbrook
Objectives While bacterial meningitis is a concerning complication after endoscopic skull base surgery, the diagnosis can be made without consideration for aseptic meningitis. This article aims to (1) present a patient with recurrent craniopharyngioma and multiple postoperative episodes of aseptic meningitis and (2) discuss the diagnosis and management of aseptic meningitis. Design Case report and literature review. Results A 65-year-old female patient with a symptomatic craniopharyngioma underwent transsphenoidal resection...
October 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ashraf T Soliman, Nada A Soliman, Rania Elalaily, Salvatore Di Maio, Elsaid M A Bedair, Islam Kassem, Giuseppe Millimaggi
Unaccompanied minors refer to immigrants who are under the age of 18 and are not under the care of a parent or legal guardian. Age assessment is used in Europe mainly to establish whether or not an individual is under 18 years of age and therefore eligible for protection under the United Nations' Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN - CRC). EU Member States use a combination of techniques to determine the age of a minor and to certify minor status, including interviews and documentation, physical examinations (anthropometric assessment; sexual maturity assessment; dental observation); psychological and sociological assessment; radiological tests (carpal, dental or collarbone x-rays)...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Bruno Kenway, Petros V Vlastarakos, Anand V Kasbekar, Patrick R Axon, Neil Donnelly
Our aim was to critically assess the influence of preoperative computed tomography (CT) scans on implantation decisions for adult cochlear implant candidates. The working hypothesis was that these routine scans might not provide critical additional information in most adult cochlear implant candidates. The charts of 175 adults with unilateral cochlear implantation were reviewed. Preoperative CT scan reports were audited, and scans with reported pathology were examined by an Otologist/ENT Surgeon. Clinic notes and multidisciplinary team meeting summaries were also analyzed to assess whether the results of the radiology report had influenced the decision to implant or the laterality of implantation...
August 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Miguel Montero-Baker, Gregory J Ziomek, Luis Leon, Aaron Gonzales, Robert S Dieter, Crystal L Gadd, John P Pacanowski
BACKGROUND: The structural limitations of currently available laser-cut nitinol stents in the highly diseased arterial system of the lower extremity are well described. These devices are frequently used in long-segment occlusions, at the adductor hiatus, and across the knee into the popliteal artery and tibial-peroneal trunk despite concerns related to the high mobility of the knee joint and the potential for external stent compression, fractures, and occlusion. The Supera stent (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, Calif) was developed to provide superior radial strength, fracture resistance, and flexibility compared with laser-cut nitinol stents...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Bahram Biglari, Timur Mert Yildirim, Tyler Swing, Thomas Bruckner, Wolfgang Danner, Arash Moghaddam
INTRODUCTION: The use of low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) in the treatment of nonunions is still controversial. The present study is concerned with whether this procedure has a clinical use and which cofactors influence its therapeutic results. METHODS: In this prospective, single institution, observational study, data from October 2010 to October 2013 from 61 nonunions in 60 patients treated with EXOGEN(®) LIPUS therapy were analysed. The average age was 45...
August 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Alison B Callahan, Philip M Meyers, James A Garrity, Jung H Son, Carisa Petris, Michael Kazim
PURPOSE: Orbital vascular malformations are classified by their hemodynamic properties, either high or low flow. Low-flow lesions may be simple venous, lymphatic, or combined lymphaticovenous malformations. The authors report a series of cases in which predominantly low flow, venous lesions were unexpectedly noted to have arterial feeders. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients identified by the authors as having orbital varices with arterial components was conducted...
June 14, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Ekta Rai, Ankit Mahajan, Parvinder Kumar, Arshia Angural, Manoj K Dhar, Sushil Razdan, Kumarasamy Thangaraj, Carol A Wise, Shiro Ikegawa, Kamal Kishore Pandita, Swarkar Sharma
We report identification and genetic characterization of a rare skeletal disorder that remained unidentified for decades in a village of Jammu and Kashmir, India. The population residing in this region is highly consanguineous and a lack of understanding of the disorder has hindered clinical management and genetic counseling for the many affected individuals in the region. We collected familial information and identified two large extended multiplex pedigrees displaying apparent autosomal recessive inheritance of an uncharacterized skeletal dysplasia...
2016: Scientific Reports
Tjebbe Hagenaars, Guido W Van Oijen, W Herbert Roerdink, Paul A Vegt, Jos P A M Vroemen, Michael H J Verhofstad, Esther M M Van Lieshout
BACKGROUND: Approximately 17 % of all fractures involve the distal radius. Two-thirds require reduction due to displacement. High redislocation rates and functional disability remain a significant problem after non-operative treatment, with up to 30 % of patients suffering long-term functional restrictions. Whether operative correction is superior to non-operative treatment with respect to functional outcome has not unequivocally been confirmed. The IlluminOss® System was introduced in 2009 as a novel, patient-specific, and minimally invasive intramedullary fracture fixation...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Muhammet Bahadır Yilmaz, Ali Genc, Emrah Egemen, Semra Yilmaz, Ayhan Tekiner
AIM: A pericallosal lipoma is a fat-containing lesion occurring in the interhemispheric fissure closely related to the corpus callosum, which is often abnormal. This is the most common location for an intracranial lipoma. In this study, we aim to report on the clinical and radiographic aspects of ten patients diagnosed with pericallosal lipomas. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients who presented to the neurology and neurosurgery outpatient clinics of Kayseri Training and Research Hospital between 2010 and 2014 revealed that 10 patients had the diagnosis of pericallosal lipoma...
2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
Jutta M Ellermann, Bryan Donald, Sara Rohr, Takashi Takahashi, Marc Tompkins, Bradley Nelson, Amanda Crawford, Christopher Rud, Jeffrey Macalena
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: In this retrospective case series, we utilize arthroscopy as the gold standard to determine if magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the knee can predict osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesion stability, the most important information to guide patient treatment decisions. It is hypothesized that the classification system of the International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) will allow for improved assessment of lesion grade and stability in OCD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Routine MRI studies of 46 consecutive patients with arthroscopically proven OCD lesions (mean age: 23...
June 2016: Academic Radiology
Julien Hébert, Federico Roncarolo, Donatella Tampieri, Maria delPilar Cortes
BACKGROUND: The acquisition of a new 320-row multidetector computed tomography angiography (CTA) scanner at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital has provided higher quality imaging with less radiation exposure and shorter time of acquisition. However, its reliability has not been fully proven in critical vascular lesions when it comes to replacing a more invasive examination such as cerebral angiography. We wished to validate the accuracy of this equipment to investigate four common indications for patients to undergo conventional digital subtraction angiography: subarachnoid hemorrhage, vasospasm, unusual intracerebral hemorrhage, and unruptured aneurysm...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
Seong Cheol Oh, Tessa S Cook, Charles E Kahn
To empower patients to participate in their medical care and decision-making, effective communication is critical. In radiology, the clinical report is the primary medium of communication. Although radiologists historically have authored reports with the referring provider as the intended reader, patients increasingly access the reports through portals to electronic health record systems. We developed a system named PORTER (Patient-Oriented Radiology Reporter) to augment radiology reports with lay-language definitions...
August 2016: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
Anna Steklacova, Ondrej Bradac, Frantisek Charvat, Patricia De Lacy, Vladimir Benes
BACKGROUND: The results of microsurgical treatment for middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms (ANs) have been highly satisfying for decades, notoriously posing a challenge for interventional neuroradiologists. Following the International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT) study results, most centres across Europe and the USA switched to a "coil first" policy. The purpose of this study is to evaluate and critically review the substantiation of this change. METHODS: The authors conducted a single-institution retrospective study of MCA AN treatment between January 2000 and December 2013 maintaining a "clip first" policy...
March 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
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