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vena cava superior syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449480/reconstruction-of-mediastinal-vessels-for-invasive-thymoma-a-retrospective-analysis-of-25-cases
#1
Yifeng Sun, Chang Gu, Jianxin Shi, Wentao Fang, Qingquan Luo, Dingzhong Hu, Shijie Fu, Xufeng Pan, Yong Chen, Yu Yang, Haitang Yang, Heng Zhao, Haiquan Chen
BACKGROUND: Discuss an appropriate strategy for treatment of invasive thymoma invading adjacent great vessels. METHODS: A retrospective study on 25 patients with invasive thymoma invading neighboring great vessels was performed. The corresponding data including clinical presentation, operation procedure, adjuvant radio-chemotherapy and follow-up were reviewed. RESULTS: Twenty of 25 (80%) patients with invasive thymoma underwent complete resection of the tumor along with vessel reconstruction...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429206/stent-insertion-for-malignant-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-effectiveness-and-long-term-outcome
#2
Su Niu, Yuan-Shun Xu, Long Cheng, Chi Cao
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical effectiveness and long-term outcome of stent insertion for malignant superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2010 to April 2016, 47 patients with malignant SVC syndrome were treated with stent insertion in our center. Data regarding the technical success, clinical success, and long-term outcome were collected and analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: SVC stent insertion was successfully performed in all patients...
April 20, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424043/nutcracker-syndrome-case-report-on-the-management-of-recurrent-stenosis-after-stenting
#3
Natasha Hansraj, Abdul Hamdi, Ali Khalifeh, Eric Wise, Rajabrata Sarkar, Shahab Toursavadkohi
Nutcracker syndrome is a clinical entity leading to renal venous hypertension due to extrinsic compression of the left renal vein by the superior mesenteric artery. Current surgical therapy involves placement of an oversized renal vein stent with partial protrusion into the inferior vena cava (IVC) to relieve stenosis and prevent stent migration. Here, we present a patient with intractable pain and hematuria secondary to nutcracker syndrome who underwent left renal vein stent placement and developed recurrent symptoms due to flow-limiting kinking at the left renal hilum, with partial obstruction of the IVC from pseudointimal hyperplasia...
May 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407756/alpha-fetoprotein-elevation-in-nut-midline-carcinoma-a-case-report
#4
Lorenzo D'Ambrosio, Erica Palesandro, Marina Moretti, Giuseppe Pelosi, Alessandra Fabbri, Fabrizio Carnevale Schianca, Massimo Aglietta, Giovanni Grignani
BACKGROUND: Nuclear protein in testis (NUT) midline carcinoma is a rarely diagnosed and potentially under-recognized type of squamous carcinoma that is considered one of the most aggressive human solid tumors. Alpha-fetoprotein elevation has been associated with chronic liver diseases and a limited number of cancers. In particular, in presence of a mediastinal mass in a young man, alpha-fetoprotein elevation is considered nearly pathognomonic of a non-seminoma germ-cell tumor. CASE PRESENTATION: A 22-year old man without any comorbidity was diagnosed with a large mediastinal mass with skeletal and lymph node metastases...
April 13, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400943/superior-vena-cava-syndrome-like-phenomenon-on-vascular-access
#5
Akihito Tanaka, Yuichi Ito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394008/large-thoracic-tumor-without-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#6
Nikolaos Garmpis, Christos Damaskos, Nikolaos Patelis, Dimitrios Dimitroulis, Eleftherios Spartalis, Ioannis Tomos, Anna Garmpi, Michael Spartalis, Efstathios A Antoniou, Konstantinos Kontzoglou, Periklis Tomos
A 62 year-old male with long-standing smoking history presented with hemoptysis. Plain chest x-ray showed abnormal findings proximate to the right pulmonary hilum. Bronchoscopy revealed a fragile exophytic tumor of the right wall of the lower third of the trachea, infiltrating the right main bronchus (75% stenosis) and the right upper lobar bronchus (near total occlusion). Contrast-enhanced chest CT demonstrated a 7.2x4.9 cm tumor contiguous to the above-mentioned structures, mediastinal lymph node pathology, and a vessel coursing inferiorly to the left of the aortic arch and anterior to the left hilum...
April 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381282/coronary-sinus-aneurysm-associated-with-multiple-venous-anomalies
#7
Guang Song, Ming Du, Weidong Ren, Ke Zhou, Lu Sun
BACKGROUND: Congenital anomalies of the venous system are rare, involve the inferior vena cava (IVC), a persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC), and the left hepatic vein (LHV), and can make cardiac diagnostic and therapeutic procedures difficult. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 67-year-old woman without heterotaxy syndrome associated with interruption of the left IVC that continued with the hemiazygos vein system, a PLSVC, and an anomalous LHV draining the into coronary sinus (CS)...
April 5, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378140/management-of-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-icmr-consensus-document
#8
Nirav Thacker, Sameer Bakhshi, Girish Chinnaswamy, Tushar Vora, Maya Prasad, Deepak Bansal, Sandeep Agarwala, Gauri Kapoor, Venkatraman Radhakrishnan, Siddharth Laskar, Tanvir Kaur, G K Rath, Rupinder Singh Dhaliwal, Brijesh Arora
Hitherto poor outcomes, paucity of data and heterogeneity in International approach to Pediatric NHL (Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma) prompted the need for guidelines for Indian population with vast variability in access, affordability and infrastructure across the country. These guidelines are based on consensus among the experts and best available evidence applicable to Indian setting. Evaluation of NHL should consist of easily doable and rapid tissue diagnosis (biopsy or flow cytometry of peripheral blood/malignant effusions), St Jude/IPNHLSS (International Pediatric Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Staging System) and risk grouping with CSF (Cerebro-spinal fluid), bone marrow, whole body imaging [CECT (Contrast enhanced computerized tomography) ± MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging)] and blood investigations for LDH (Lactate dehydrogenase), TLS (Tumor lysis syndrome) and organ functions...
April 5, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373261/how-we-treat-central-venous-access-device-related-upper-extremity-dvt
#9
Anita Rajasekhar, Michael B Streiff
Central venous access device (CVAD)-related thrombosis (CRT) is a common complication among patients requiring central venous access as part of their medical care. Complications of CRT include pulmonary embolism, recurrent deep venous thrombosis, loss of central venous access and post-thrombotic syndrome. Patient, device and treatment-related factors can influence the risk of CRT. Despite numerous randomized controlled trials, the clinical benefit of pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis for prevention of CRT remains to be established...
April 3, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344425/surgical-treatment-of-an-invasive-thymoma-with-intracaval-and-intracardiac-extension
#10
Kun-Eng Lim, Ta-Chung Shen
A 53-year-old male with an invasive thymoma extending to the superior vena and right atrium, presenting as superior vena cava syndrome is herein reported. However invasive thymoma with this growth pattern is extremely rare. In this case, the tumor was successfully resected via median sternotomy with cardiopulmonary bypass. After 17 months of follow-up, the patient was still free from any signs and symptoms indicative of superior vena cava syndrome, but recurrent tumor in the right pleura was observed on the follow-up chest computed tomography...
March 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320457/mediastinal-syndrome-from-plasmablastic-lymphoma-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-human-herpes-virus-8-negative-patient-with-polycythemia-vera-a-case-report
#11
Massimo Cajozzo, Vincenzo Davide Palumbo, Salvatore Buscemi, Giuseppe Damiano, Ada Maria Florena, Daniela Cabibi, Francesco Raffaele, Antonino Alessio Anzalone, Federica Fatica, Gerlando Cocchiara, Salvatore Dioguardi, Antonio Bruno, Francesco Paolo Caronia, Attilio Ignazio Lo Monte
BACKGROUND: Plasmoblastic lymphoma is a rare and aggressive subtype of diffuse large B cell lymphoma, which occurs usually in the jaw of immunocompromised subjects. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the occurrence of plasmoblastic lymphoma in the mediastinum and chest wall skin of an human immunodeficiency virus-negative 63-year-old Caucasian man who had had polycytemia vera 7 years before. At admission, the patient showed a superior vena cava syndrome, with persistent dyspnoea, cough, and distension of the jugular veins...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316856/giant-splenorenal-shunt-in-a-young-patient-with-autoimmune-hepatitis-primary-biliary-cholangitis-overlap-syndrome-and-portal-vein-thrombosis
#12
F Chegai, A U Cavallo, M Forcina, V Giuricin, F Castellani, L Greco, M Manuelli, T M Manzia, G Sergiacomi
We present a case of giant Splenorenal Shunt (SRS) associated with portal vein thrombosis in a 37-year-old woman with a twelve-year history of autoimmune hepatitis/primary biliary cholangitis overlap syndrome. At the moment of the CT examination laboratory tests showed creatinine 1.5 mg/dl, bilirubin 1.5 mg/dl, INR 3, and Na 145 mmol/l and the Model End-Stage Liver Disease score was 24. Extensive calcified thrombosis causing complete occlusion of the portal vein lumen and partially occluding the origin of the superior mesenteric vein was present and a small calcified thrombus in the Splenic Vein lumen was also evident...
2017: Case Reports in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258603/incidence-of-an-aberrant-right-subclavian-artery-on-second-trimester-sonography-in-an-unselected-population
#13
Selen Gursoy Erzincan, Burcin Karamustafaoglu Balci, Cengiz Tokgoz, Ibrahim Halil Kalelioglu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of an aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) among an unselected population during second-trimester sonography and to review the importance of this conotruncal variant as a marker of Down syndrome. METHODS: The presence or absence of an ARSA was assessed in an unselected population of 1913 second-trimester fetuses. RESULTS: Among the 1913 patients, an ARSA was detected in 20 fetuses (1...
May 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256002/a-case-of-prenatally-detected-left-isomerism-and-hemiazygos-continuation-of-inferior-vena-cava
#14
Behnaz Moradi, Najme-Sadat Moosavi, Mohamad Ali Kazemi, Ahmad-Reza Tahmasebpour, Farzaneh Fattahi Masrour
Heterotaxy syndromes are defined as the disorders that involve abnormal arrangement of viscera. We present a case of prenatally diagnosed left isomerism in a 30-year-old primigravida woman referred to our hospital for complex cardiac abnormality. Sonographic findings included heart block, unbalanced atrioventricular septal defect, interruption of the inferior vena cava with hemiazygos continuation, double superior vena cava, a right-sided stomach, and biliary atresia. The hemiazygos vein drained into the right atrium by the persistent left superior vena cava...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238580/concurrent-central-venous-stent-and-central-venous-access-device-placement-does-not-compromise-stent-patency-or-catheter-function-in-patients-with-malignant-central-venous-obstruction
#15
Katherine Clark, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Shilpa N Reddy, Benjamin J Shin, Gregory J Nadolski, Timothy W Clark, Scott O Trerotola
PURPOSE: To determine if concurrent placement of a central venous stent (CVS) and central venous access device (CVAD) compromises stent patency or catheter function in patients with malignant central venous obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CVS placement for symptomatic stenosis resulting from malignant compression was performed in 33 consecutive patients who were identified retrospectively over a 10-year period; 28 (85%) patients had superior vena cava syndrome, and 5 (15%) had arm swelling...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187791/primary-mediastinal-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-a-woman-who-is-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-presenting-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-a-case-report
#16
Pedro Pallangyo, Paulina Nicholaus, Frederick Lyimo, Elikaanany Urio, Peter Kisenge, Mohamed Janabi
BACKGROUND: The risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma is increased 200-fold in individuals seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus compared to those free from human immunodeficiency virus. Human immunodeficiency virus-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma is known for its atypical presentation, aggressive ability, widespread involvement, poor response to chemotherapy, and high relapse potential which makes both the diagnosis and management a difficult undertaking especially in resource-poor settings...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179969/composite-lymphoma-opposite-ends-of-spectrum-meet
#17
Uqba Khan, Tarik Hadid, Warda Ibrar, Dahlia Sano, Ayad Al-Katib
An 18-year-old African-American female presented with an episode of syncope. Initial investigations revealed large lung mass with invasion into right atrium along with lesions in kidneys and liver. Patient also developed superior vena cava syndrome due to lung mass. Biopsy of lung mass revealed diagnosis of composite lymphoma with involvement by primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL) and classical Hodgkin lymphoma. Patient was started on dose-adjusted etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin and rituximab (EPOCH-R) with complete response to treatment...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168806/transcaval-core-biopsy-in-malignant-superior-vena-cava-obstruction-potential-for-single-stage-diagnosis-and-treatment
#18
Julian Maingard, Mark Brooks
Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is secondary to obstruction of venous flow from the superior vena cava to the right atrium. Endovascular stenting is particularly useful when severe or rapidly progressive disease requires urgent treatment. In suspected mediastinal malignancy, transcaval biopsy can be combined with endovenous stenting to provide diagnosis and treatment in a single procedure. Three patients were referred for investigation and treatment of SVCS over a 20 month period. Under fluoroscopic guidance Cook Medical transjugular biopsy sets (with 20-gauge QuickCore biopsy needles) were used and two or three core biopsy samples were obtained...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167692/non-malignant-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-incidental-diagnosis-of-a-congenital-vascular-defect
#19
Rafael García Carretero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152555/stent-implantation-for-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-of%C3%A2-malignant-cause
#20
Felix A Büstgens, Reinhard Loose, Joachim H Ficker, Michael Wucherer, Michael Uder, Ralf Adamus
Purpose The purpose of this paper is the retrospective analysis of endovascular therapy for the treatment of superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) of malignant cause. This study focuses on the effectiveness of the therapy regarding the duration of remission, symptom control and practicability. Materials and Methods From January 2003 to November 2012, therapeutic implantation of one or more stents was performed in 141 patients suffering from SVCS. The medical history was retrospectively researched using digitalized patient files...
May 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
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