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vena cava superior syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633266/complete-neurological-recovery-after-acute-total-occlusion-of-the-superior-vena-cava
#1
Yafen Liang, Clayton A Kaiser, Matthew R Danter
Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome, characterized by swelling of the upper torso, can result from a wide range of causes. The presence and severity of clinical symptoms depends on the degree of stenosis, the location of stenosis, the speed of development of stenosis, and existing collateral flow. Acute complete occlusion of the SVC frequently leads to poor neurologic outcomes such as coma or death. We report a case of a patient who had complete neurologic recovery after 26 minutes of acute total occlusion of the SVC...
July 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618844/endovascular-treatment-of-malignant-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-secondary-to-lung-cancer
#2
Laura Calsina Juscafresa, Ignacio Gil Bazo, Lukasz Grochowicz, María Páramo Alfaro, José María López-Picazo González, Marta Moreno Jiménez, Jose Ignacio Bilbao Jaureguizar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611639/superior-vena-cava-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-case-report
#3
Christina Brzezniak, Bryan Oronsky, Corey A Carter, Bennett Thilagar, Scott Caroen, Karen Zeman
Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome, a potential oncologic emergency, is closely associated with malignancy and right-sided lung cancer in particular. A case of SVC syndrome presenting with facial swelling, neck distension, and enlarged veins of the upper chest, which developed over a period of 5 weeks in a 46-year-old patient on a clinical trial with small-cell lung cancer, is reported. Computed tomography scan of the chest revealed slight enlargement of a superior conglomerate mediastinal lymphadenopathy and intramural thrombus of the SVC...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596199/mediastinal-seminoma-presenting-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#4
Amanda Wanous, Ian R McPhail, J Fernando Quevedo, Nicole P Sandhu
We present a rare cause of superior vena cava syndrome (SVC) in a previously healthy male aged 31 years. Malignancy was suspected due to unintentional weight loss and childhood exposure to radioactive fallout from a nuclear facility accident. A very large anterior mediastinal mass was identified and demonstrated to be an extragonadal seminoma. Extragonadal germ cell tumours are rare tumours with a high potential for cardiovascular, pulmonary and vascular sequelae. Studies have documented an increased risk of developing seminoma in patients with radioactive exposure...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595655/nuclear-protein-in-testis-carcinoma-of-the-mediastinum-a-case-report
#5
Gonçalo Boleto, Jeanne-Marie Perotin, Claire Launois, Emmanuelle Uro-Coste, Philippe Birembaut, Sandra Dury, Hervé Vallerand, François Lebargy, Gaëtan Deslée, Juliette Vella-Boucaud
BACKGROUND: Nuclear protein in testis carcinoma is a rare and very aggressive undifferentiated cancer which characteristically arises in the midline of the head, neck, and mediastinum. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 46-year-old white woman admitted for superior vena cava syndrome revealing a mediastinal tumor. Pathological examination of specimens obtained by mediastinoscopy revealed an undifferentiated tumor with solid growth and positive immunoreactivity for p40 and negative immunoreactivity for cytokeratin markers...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577551/clinical-diagnostic-exome-evaluation-for-an-infant-with-a-lethal-disorder-genetic-diagnosis-of-tarp-syndrome-and-expansion-of-the-phenotype-in-a-patient-with-a-newly-reported-rbm10-alteration
#6
Zöe Powis, Alexa Hart, Sara Cherny, Igor Petrik, Erika Palmaer, Sha Tang, Carolyn Jones
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic Exome Sequencing (DES) has been shown to be an effective tool for diagnosis individuals with suspected genetic conditions. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a male infant born with multiple anomalies including bilateral dysplastic kidneys, cleft palate, bilateral talipes, and bilateral absence of thumbs and first toes. Prenatal testing including chromosome analysis and microarray did not identify a cause for the multiple congenital anomalies. Postnatal diagnostic exome studies (DES) were utilized to find a molecular diagnosis for the patient...
June 2, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574042/-first-experience-with-intravascular-ultrasonographic-examination-in-diagnosis-of-post-traumatic-obstruction-of-deep-veins
#7
E V Shaĭdakov, O Ia Porembskaia, A G Grigorian, V L Bulatov, D A Rosukhovskiĭ
Intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS) is a highly effective method of diagnosis of post-thrombotic obstructions. Its possibilities by determining the degree and extension of obstructions of deep veins are superior to those of not only non-invasive methods of examination (ultrasonography, CT and MRI) but of phlebography whose results until recently were considered fundamental in diagnosis of the disease concerned. Limited possibilities of phlebography often lead to diagnostic errors when determining the degree and extension of post-thrombotic obstructions...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572894/superior-vena-cava-syndrome-due-to-mediastinal-tuberculous-lymphadenitis
#8
Jin Ho Jang, Doosoo Jeon, Yun Seong Kim, Woo Hyun Cho, Hye Ju Yeo
Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome refers to a medical emergency resulting from compression of the SVC. It requires early diagnosis and treatment, and is usually caused by malignant tumors; rarely, mediastinal tuberculous lymphadenitis can cause SVC syndrome. Here, we present a case study of an immunocompetent 61-year-old woman who presented with acute onset SVC syndrome and was diagnosed with tuberculous lymphadenitis on thoracotomy; the symptoms resolved with anti-tuberculosis therapy. This unusual case highlights the importance of the differential diagnosis in patients presenting with acute onset SVC syndrome; a timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment lead to complete recovery...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554179/skin-dominant-phenotype-in-a-patient-with-h-syndrome-identification-of-a-novel-mutation-in-the-slc29a3-gene
#9
Seçil Vural, Pelin Ertop, Ceren D Durmaz, Hatice Şanlı, Aylin Okçu Heper, Nihal Kundakçı, Halil G Karabulut, Hatice Ilgın Ruhi
H syndrome (OMIM 602782) is a very rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis with multisystem involvement. Hallmarks of this disorder are juvenile onset and progressive, hyperpigmented, hypertrichotic lesions with histiocytic infiltration. Associated systemic manifestations form a long list, and there is high variability between patients. In some patients, dysmorphic and other systemic features may be so subtle that the disorder may readily be mistaken as an acquired skin disease and treated as such. Herein, we report a novel homozygous c...
May 30, 2017: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533642/hepatic-pseudolesion-in-svc-obstruction-99m-technetium-sulfur-colloid-scan-equivalent-of-quadrate-lobe-hot-spot-sign-on-computerized-tomography
#10
Reddy Ravikanth, Arun George, Babu Philip
An area of increased activity in segment IV of liver (quadrate lobe) on (99m)Tc-sulfur colloid (TSC) scans has been well documented in patients with superior vena cava obstruction. Similarly intense enhancement of the quadrate lobe in the arterial phase may be seen on computed tomography in patients of superior vena cava syndrome. We present this imaging finding in a case of malignant thymoma causing superior vena cava syndrome and discuss the physiological cause and importance of this sign.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501315/endovascular-stenting-for-end-stage-lung-cancer-patients-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-post-first-line-treatments-a-single-center-experience-and-literature-review
#11
Tzu-Ting Kuo, Po-Lin Chen, Chun-Che Shih, I-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND: Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is a major complication that occurs when a growing lung malignancy compresses the SVC extrinsically. Current treatment options include radiotherapy or chemotherapy to shrink the tumor or endovascular stenting of the SVC to restore flow. Herein, we report a case series treated in a single institution to demonstrate the safety, effectiveness, and outcomes of salvage and primary stenting for malignant SVC obstruction. METHODS: A total of 12 male patients with malignant superior vena cava obstruction caused by lung cancer underwent SVC stenting from October 2009 to May 2015...
May 10, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491778/substernal-icd-lead-implantation-in-a-patient-not-suitable-for-subcutaneous-icd-implantation-without-venous-access-due-to-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#12
Rohit E Bhagwandien, Charles Kik, Sing-Chien Yap, Tamas Szili-Torok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: HeartRhythm Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484121/endovascular-treatment-of-concomitant-obstructions-of-a-denver-drainage-catheter-and-superior-vena-cava-in-a-patient-with-liver-cirrhosis
#13
Chih-Hung Lai, Wei-Chun Chang, Tsun-Jui Liu, Wen-Lieng Lee, Chieh-Shou Su
With the increased use of intravascular catheters and devices, they have become the major non-malignant cause of superior vein cava (SVC) syndrome. We report a patient with liver cirrhosis who had received a peritoneovenous drainage catheter for refractory ascites, and then developed SVC syndrome because of concomitant occlusions of both the SVC and the drainage catheter. The patient regained patency of both the occluded vessel and the drainage catheter through percutaneous transluminal venoplasty, and there was dramatic improvement of clinical symptoms and good performance of the drainage catheter...
May 8, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479442/superior-vena-cava-reconstruction-using-femoropopliteal-vein-as-a-panel-graft
#14
M Mujeeb Zubair, Cassidy A Duran, Eric K Peden
There has been an increase in superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome secondary to the growinguse of indwelling catheters and pacemaker wire insertions. These two factors can account up to 74 % cases of benign SVC syndrome. Endovascular therapy is considered the first line of treatment. Surgery is an excellent option and is generally reserved for SVC syndrome not amenable to traditional endovascular procedures. We report a case of central venous reconstruction including an SVC reconstruction using the femorpopliteal vein (FPV) as a panel graft in a patient with SVC syndrome due to pacemaker wires who failed multiple endovascular interventions...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469339/hepatic-pseudolesion-due-to-vein-of-sappey-in-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#15
Shitalmala Devi, Thangjam Gautam Singh, Reema Ningthoukhongjam
One of the common causes of superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is malignancy of the lung. The invasion of SVC leads to opening of the various venous channels for continuation of the blood flow from upper extremity and proximal trunk and finally draining into right atrium. Vein of Sappey is one of these channels and it causes focal striking enhancement in segment IV of the liver on arterial phase of contrast computed tomography (CT). This enhancement causes diagnostic difficulty and unnecessary biopsy due to misinterpretation of it as a secondary from lung cancer...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467587/beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-related-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-and-bleeding-downhill-varices-a-rare-complication
#16
Bülent Yaşar, Gamze Kılıçoğlu
Obstruction of the superior vena cava (SVC) due to any cause results in development of venous collaterals in the upper part of the esophagus, known as "downhill" varices. Although rare, bleeding can be life-threatening. Presently described is case of Behçet's diseaserelated SVC occlusion in a patient who presented with gastrointestinal bleeding from upper esophageal varices.
March 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467339/the-primitive-extratesticular-seminoma-diagnosis-of-a-rare-pathology
#17
Luca Saba
 Background: The Primitive Extratesticular Seminoma is a very rare condition and represents 3% of germ cell tumors; it is an indeterminate origin disease, whose diagnosis is often complicated by a nonspecific and highly variable clinical finding. CASE PRESENTATION: A caucasian 55 years old male, non-smoker, arrived to our centre with cough, severe respiratory distress and dysphagia, in a context of the superior vena cava syndrome. A Computed Tomography was performed, which shows the presence of a mediastinal anterior mass with aorto-pulmonary window and left paracardiac invasion...
April 28, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454250/intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-to-treat-primary-female-mediastinal-seminoma-and-massive-pericardial-effusion-a-case-report
#18
Jun Cao, Yan Zhou, Fangwen Zou, Jin-An Ma, Chunhong Hu
Primary mediastinal seminoma is a rare extragonadal germ cell tumour that mainly occurs in males. The present study reports the case of a 27-year-old woman that presented with superior vena cava syndrome and a large mass in the mediastinum, which was diagnosed as primary female mediastinal seminoma. The patient received 6 cycles of cisplatin-based chemotherapy [4 cycles BEP chemotherapy (120 mg cisplatin, 0.45 g etoposide and 60 mg bleomycin, once every 3 weeks); 2 cycles IEP chemotherapy (120 mg cisplatin, 100 mg epirubicin and 6 g ifosfamide, once every 3 weeks)] and the patient showed an increase in the size of the mediastinal mass and hydropericardium, indicating a resistance to chemotherapy...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449480/reconstruction-of-mediastinal-vessels-for-invasive-thymoma-a-retrospective-analysis-of-25-cases
#19
Yifeng Sun, Chang Gu, Jianxin Shi, Wentao Fang, Qingquan Luo, Dingzhong Hu, Shijie Fu, Xufeng Pan, Yong Chen, Yu Yang, Haitang Yang, Heng Zhao, Haiquan Chen
BACKGROUND: Discuss an appropriate strategy for treatment of invasive thymoma invading adjacent great vessels. METHODS: A retrospective study on 25 patients with invasive thymoma invading neighboring great vessels was performed. The corresponding data including clinical presentation, operation procedure, adjuvant radio-chemotherapy and follow-up were reviewed. RESULTS: Twenty of 25 (80%) patients with invasive thymoma underwent complete resection of the tumor along with vessel reconstruction...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429206/stent-insertion-for-malignant-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-effectiveness-and-long-term-outcome
#20
Su Niu, Yuan-Shun Xu, Long Cheng, Chi Cao
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical effectiveness and long-term outcome of stent insertion for malignant superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2010 to April 2016, 47 patients with malignant SVC syndrome were treated with stent insertion in our center. Data regarding the technical success, clinical success, and long-term outcome were collected and analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: SVC stent insertion was successfully performed in all patients...
April 20, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
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