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vena cava superior syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148000/the-feasibility-and-safety-of-piccs-accessed-via-the-superficial-femoral-vein-in-patients-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#1
Yonghui Wan, Yuxin Chu, Yanru Qiu, Qian Chen, Wei Zhou, Qibin Song
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and safety of the peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) accessed via the superficial femoral vein in patients with superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS). METHODS: From October 2010 to December 2014, 221 cancer patients with SVCS in our center received real-time ultrasound-guidance of the superficial femoral vein inserted central catheters (FICCs) at the mid-thigh. PICC insertion via upper extremity veins had also been investigated in 2604 cancer patients without SVCS as control...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115093/a-case-of-multiple-cardiovascular-and-tracheal-anomalies-presented-with-wolff-parkinson-white-syndrome-in-a-middle-aged-adult
#2
Hyejin Shi, Sungmin Sohn, SungHo Wang, Sungrock Park, SangKi Lee, Song Yi Kim, Sun Young Jeong, Changhwan Kim
Congenital cardiovascular anomalies, such as dextrocardia, persistent left superior vena cava (SVC), and pulmonary artery (PA) sling, are rare disorders. These congenital anomalies can occur alone, or coincide with other congenital malformations. In the majority of cases, congenital anomalies are detected early in life by certain signs and symptoms. A 56-year-old man with no previous medical history was admitted due to recurrent wide QRS complex tachycardia with hemodynamic collapse. A chest radiograph showed dextrocardia...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078930/oncologic-mechanical-emergencies
#3
REVIEW
Umar A Khan, Carl B Shanholtz, Michael T McCurdy
Prevalence of cancer and its various related complications continues to rise. Increasingly these life-threatening complications are initially managed in the emergency department, making a prompt and accurate diagnosis crucial to effectively institute the proper treatment and establish goals of care. The following oncologic emergencies are reviewed in this article: pericardial tamponade, superior vena cava syndrome, brain metastasis, malignant spinal cord compression, and hyperviscosity syndrome.
December 2017: Hematology/oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066637/transcatheter-valve-implantation-to-inferior-vena-cava-to-control-carcinoid-symptoms
#4
Vandana M Sagar, Richard P Steeds, Sagar N Doshi, Tahir Shah
Severe carcinoid syndrome and carcinoid heart disease in neuroendocrine tumours can have a significant impact on a patient's quality of life and are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. We present a novel approach to managing a patient with medically uncontrollable carcinoid syndrome. Inferior and superior vena cava placement of transcatheter heart valves has been used to treat patients with right heart failure due to severe tricuspid and pulmonary regurgitation. However, this procedure has not been attempted to specifically reduce hormone secretion, primarily from the liver, in order to control carcinoid syndrome symptoms...
October 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062682/transudative-chylothorax-in-a-patient-with-lymphangioleiomyomatosis
#5
Adrian Pedro Noriega Aldave, John W Leslie
Transudative chylothorax is a rare type of pleural effusion. It has been described to be present in the setting of liver cirrhosis, heart failure, amyloidosis, nephrotic syndrome, superior vena cava thrombosis, sclerosing mesenteritis and heart failure. We present the case of an 86-year-old woman with a right-side transudative chylothorax associated with heart failure and lymphangioleiomyomatosis.
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045241/taking-assent-to-new-heights-a-case-report-on-do-not-resuscitate-status-in-pediatric-palliative-care-procedures
#6
Heather A Ballard, Santhanam Suresh
Dying adolescents presenting for palliative procedures have complicated developmental and ethical issues, especially when reconsidering do-not-resuscitate orders. Though the American Academy of Pediatrics has guidelines, there is limited information in the literature on how to take care of these patients. We describe the case of a 14-year-old patient presenting to the interventional radiology suite for management of superior vena cava syndrome. The patient's goals of treatment were elucidated through a comprehensive care team consisting of the procedural and oncology teams...
October 17, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038739/unusual-case-of-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-caused-by-intravascular-thyroid-metastasis
#7
Vanesa Varela Pose, MarĂ­a Patricia Fierro Alanis, Anaberta Bermudez Naveira, Oskarina Lourdes Silva Gonzalez, Jorge Fernandez Noya, Urbano Anido Herranz, Rafael Lopez Lopez
Superior cava venous obstruction use to show a typical clinical presentation and a CT scan or even an ultrasonography can be sufficient to achieve an accurate diagnosis, but in this case, to obtain the final diagnosis, a multimodal assessment is needed. This case report shows a multidisciplinary approach which helped diagnose a complicated case, where conventional diagnostic methods were not enough.
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038416/cardiac-metastasis-of-nonvisceral-soft-tissue-leiomyosarcoma
#8
Cristina Martinez, Jamal S Rana, Matthew D Solomon
Metastasis of a nonvisceral leiomyosarcoma to the heart is rare. We present the case of a man with a history of an upper extremity cancerous lesion that was completely resected with appropriate surveillance monitoring, which then metastasized to the heart 14 years later, presenting as superior vena cava syndrome. Full evaluation found no other metastatic lesions, including no residual sarcoma at the former primary site. We include transthoracic echocardiography and computed tomography images of unusual presentation of the large mass extending from the caudal superior vena cava to the right atrium and into the right ventricle across the tricuspid valve...
2017: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017434/transesophageal-echocardiogram-guided-stent-placement-in-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-secondary-to-granulomatous-lung-disease-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Kaiwen Sun, Rishi Batra, Nicholas W Markin, Melissa Suh, Iraklis I Pipinos, Ellen K Roberts, Jason N Mactaggart, B Timothy Baxter
Obstruction of the superior vena cava (SVC) is an uncommon, but potentially life-threatening condition due to likely development of edema in the head and neck and potential respiratory compromise. Less than half of those affected by SVC syndrome survive more than a year. Obstruction can be from neoplasms or secondary to benign disease. Treatment for most cases of symptomatic SVC syndrome involves placement of a stent to relieve the stenosis. Serious complications such as stent migration, pulmonary embolism, and cardiac tamponade can occur in 5% to 10% of cases, and inadequate imaging of the SVC-atrial junction by fluoroscopy contributes to these problems...
November 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948543/three-dimensional-imaging-for-thoracoscopic-resection-of-complex-lung-anomalies
#10
Yuhei Yokoyama, Masaaki Sato, Mitsugu Omasa, Hiroshi Date
BACKGROUND: Building surgical strategies for complex lung anomalies such as congenital pulmonary venolobar syndrome is difficult because of their rarity and variance. Using three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT), we can determine strategies safely. We describe a 27-year-old man with multifocal pulmonary malformations who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) using 3D-CT. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27-year-old man presented with hemoptysis associated with complex pulmonary malformations, including a triple-arched vein connecting the superior and inferior pulmonary veins with partial drainage into the inferior vena cava, a systemic and numerous arterial supply to the right lower lobe from the abdominal aorta, abnormal lobulation, and a tracheal bronchus in the right lung...
September 25, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932613/primary-pulmonary-lymphoma-presenting-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-in-a-young-female
#11
Divya Salhan, Prakash Verma, Tun Win Naing, Ebad Ur Rehman, Saroj Kandel, Danillo Enriquez, Joseph Quist, Frances Schmidt
Primary Pulmonary Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (PPDLBCL) is an extremely rare entity, which exhibits an aggressive behavior by compressing local blood vessels. It represents only 0.04% of all lymphoma cases and is extremely rare in young age. We present a case of a primary pulmonary lymphoma with superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) in a young female. 27-year-old African American female presented with fever, cough, and facial puffiness for 2 weeks and unintentional weight loss. Chest examination showed decreased breath sounds and dullness on percussion on right side...
2017: Case Reports in Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932580/benign-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-with-uncontrolled-pleural-effusion-by-calcified-mediastinal-lymphadenopathy-surgical-management
#12
Yoon Pyo Lee, Eun Mi Chun, Yoo Kyung Kim, Kwan Chang Kim
This report describes a rare case of benign superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) accompanying recalcitrant pleural effusion developed secondary to extrinsic compression by anthracotic calcified mediastinal lymphadenopathy which was corrected by surgical bypass graft. An 81-year-old female presented with recalcitrant pleural effusion for several months despite of medical treatments. SVCS developed progressively without any other radiological evidence of malignancy or active infection on initial chest computed tomography (CT)...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928990/detection-of-a-left-superior-vena-cava-during-a-pacemaker-implantation-in-cotonou
#13
A Sonou, M Hounkponou, L Codjo, P M Adjagba, C Houehanou, H Dohou, S Assani, Y Tchabi, M Houenassi
Persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC) is a rare congenital anomaly. Its prevalence in the general population is 0.1 to 0.5%. LSVC is 5 times rarer when accompanied by an absence of the right superior vena cava (RSVC). We present the case of a 54-year-old man who carries a persistent LSVC without RSVC. Clinically, this patient presented a regular bradycardia at 40 per minute associated with a heart failure syndrome. The electrocardiogram diagnosed a complete atrioventricular block and transthoracic echocardiography showed dilated left heart cavities and a left ventricular ejection fraction of 50%...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924100/acquired-collateral-venous-pathways-in-a-dog-with-cranial-vena-cava-obstruction
#14
Mario Ricciardi, Marcello Lanci
An 8-year-old neutered female Yorkshire terrier with mediastinal neoplasm and subsequent cranial vena cava invasion developed multiple venous collaterals from the brachiocephalic venous trunks to the caudal vena cava. Collateral venous pathways have been described in dogs with obstruction or increased blood flow resistance of the caudal vena cava but cranial vena cava collaterals have not been reported until now in veterinary patients. In this report, the CTA characteristics of such peculiar vascular routes are described and compared to similar findings reported in human medical literature...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912977/isolated-persistent-left-superior-vena-cava-sick-sinus-syndrome-and-challenging-pacemaker-implantation
#15
Hatice S Kemal, Aziz Gunsel, Levent Cerit, Murat Kocaoglu, Hamza Duygu
Persistent left superior vena cava with absent right superior vena cava is a very rare venous anomaly and is known as isolated PLSVC. It is usually an asymptomatic anomaly and is mostly detected during difficult central venous access or pacemaker implantation, though it could also be associated with an increased incidence of congenital heart disease, arrhythmias, and conduction disturbances. Herein, we describe a dual-chamber pacemaker implantation in a patient with isolated PLSVC and sick sinus syndrome.
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893026/superior-vena-cava-as-gateway-to-heart-metastatic-breast-carcinoma-causing-ball-in-a-loop-metastasis-to-right-atrium
#16
Harpreet Singh Sandhu, Sampath Kumar Mahadevappa Mahendrakar, Sulaiman Sadruddin Ladhani, Azizullah Hafizullah Khan, Yunus Shafi Loya
Breast carcinoma is the most common invasive cancer in women worldwide. It metastasizes commonly to bone, lungs, regional lymph nodes and brain. Cardiac metastasis of lung and breast cancers is a known but rare complication of advanced disease with tumour metastasising to pericardium via the locoregional lymphatic system. Here we present a case of 59-year-old female presenting with right upper limb oedema, facial puffiness and features of Superior Vena Cava (SVC) syndrome 15 years after mastectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy, radiotherapy for carcinoma of the right breast...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890067/retrosternal-metastatic-papillary-thyroid-cancer-causing-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-a-very-rare-presentation
#17
Bader Hamza Shirah, Hamza Asaad Shirah, Abubaker Khalid Al Hassan, Abubaker Elamine Elnour
Thyroid cancer causing superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is a very rare clinical entity with only 26 cases reported worldwide. Metastatic thyroid cancer causing SVC syndrome several years following resection of the primary tumor is extremely rare with only two cases reported; one of them was of the papillary variety. We report the second case worldwide of metastatic papillary thyroid cancer causing SVC syndrome two years after total thyroidectomy of the original tumor in a 62-year-old Indian female pilgrim...
September 7, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858539/radiographic-findings-of-distressed-venous-stents-and-inferior-vena-cava-filters-clinical-implications
#18
Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Steven D Abramowitz, Matthew L Osher, Minhaj S Khaja, Kyle J Cooper, Wael E Saad, David M Williams
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to describe an association between the radiographic appearance of distressed intravascular implants and venous stenosis or occlusion and to determine the success of reparative endovascular procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-eight patients with distressed stents or inferior vena cava (IVC) filters characterized by pursing (short-axis contracture), straightening, longitudinal contraction (long-axis contracture), or fracture were identified from retrospective review of a venous registry for the period from February 2004 to October 2016...
November 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855032/-prognostic-and-predictive-value-of-thyroid-transcription-factor-1-cd56-p40-and-other-clinical-characteristics-in-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients
#19
Xin Wang, Yi Zhang, Mu Hu, Ruotian Wang, Lei Liu, Kun Qian, Yuanbo Li, Xiuyi Zhi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to explore roles of thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1), CD56, P40 expression and other clinical characteristics predicting response and survival in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC). METHODS: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded biopsy tissues were retrospectively obtained from 198 SCLC patients who were diagnosed first in Xuanwu Hospital. The expressions of TTF-1, CD56 and P40 were detected by immunohistochemistry...
August 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838531/ascending-aortic-pseudoaneurysm-as-an-unusual-cause-of-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#20
Zhiqi Zhang, Kanhua Yin, Yongxin Sun, Chunsheng Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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