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Old age breast cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213780/risk-factors-associated-with-the-triple-negative-breast-cancer-subtype-within-four-race-ethnicities
#1
Carol A Parise, Vincent Caggiano
PURPOSE: The ER-/PR-/HER2- or triple-negative (TNBC) subtype is more prevalent among women who are young, black, Hispanic, and of lower SES. The purpose of this study is to determine if young age and low SES are associated with TNBC within four mutually exclusive race/ethnicities. METHODS: The study identified 19,283 cases of TNBC and 89,089 of ER+/PR+/HER2- from the California Cancer Registry. Logistic regression analyses were conducted separately for whites, blacks, Hispanics, and Asian/Pacific Islanders (API) to compute the adjusted odds ratios (OR) for age and SES for the TNBC versus the ER+/PR+/HER2- subtype...
February 17, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204996/incidence-of-taxane-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-receiving-treatment-and-prescription-patterns-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#2
Su Jeong Song, Ji Min, Sung Yun Suh, Sun Hoi Jung, Hyeon Joo Hahn, Seock-Ah Im, Ju-Yeun Lee
PURPOSE: Taxane-induced peripheral neuropathy (TIPN) can affect quality of life and treatment outcomes in breast cancer patients. Despite the high incidence, treatment of PN has not been established. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence, risk factors, and prescribing pattern of TIPN receiving pharmacologic treatment in real-world practice. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 1629 breast cancer patients who received taxanes at the Seoul National University Hospital from July 2012 to June 2014...
February 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158883/factors-associated-with-routine-recommendation-of-mammography-for-women-aged-40-49-provider-characteristics-and-screening-influences
#3
Kathryn A Martinez, Abhishek Deshpande, Allison L Ruff, Shari D Bolen, Kathryn Teng, Michael B Rothberg
OBJECTIVES: Despite the US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation against screening mammography in women younger than 50 years, rates remain high, suggesting that screening recommendations may be motivated by other factors. The objective of this study was to understand provider-reported influences on screening recommendations for women 40 to 49 years old at average risk for breast cancer. METHODS: An online survey of primary care providers was conducted at four health centers in Cleveland, Ohio in 2015...
February 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152930/geographic-practice-patterns-in-the-selection-of-adjuvant-dose-dense-dd-chemotherapy-among-stage-1-breast-cancer-bc-patients
#4
Michael Baum, Charles L Bennett, Kevin Knopf, Dinah Faith Q Huff
: 126 Background: Oncology Analytics (OA) reviewed drug pre-authorization requests amongst populations with similar demographic features. Small stage I, node-negative, margin-free BC may be treated by observation, hormone therapy or adjuvant chemotherapy. If chemo is used, either standard or DD schedules may be requested. Patient age, HER2 status, and ER expression affect the choice of treatment. METHODS: We analyzed data from oncology drug preauthorization requests for BC protocols submitted by providers in FL, GA and TX from October 1, 2013 through September 30, 2015...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133688/hormone-receptor-status-and-survival-of-medullary-breast-cancer-patients-a-turkish-cohort
#5
Asude Aksoy, Hatice Odabas, Serap Kaya, Oktay Bozkurt, Mustafa Degirmenci, Turkan O Topcu, Aydin Aytekin, Erkan Arpaci, Nilufer Avci, Kezban N Pilanci, Havva Y Cinkir, Yakup Bozkaya, Yalcin Cirak, Mahmut Gumus
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the relationship between clinical features, hormonal receptor status, and survival in patients who were diagnosed with medullary breast cancer (MBC). Methods: Demographic characteristics, histopathological features, and survival statuses of 201 patients diagnosed with MBC between 1995 and 2015 were retrospectively recorded. Survival analyses were conducted with uni- and multivariate cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Median follow-up time was 54 (4-272) months...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133583/breast-cancer-screening-for-high-risk-patients-of-different-ages-and-risk-which-modality-is-most-effective
#6
REVIEW
Elizabeth Wellings, Lauren Vassiliades, Reem Abdalla
While the guidelines for breast cancer screening in average-risk women are well established, screening in high-risk women is not as clear. For women with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations, current guidelines recommend screening by clinical breast examination and mammography starting at age 30. For certain high-risk women, additional screening with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is encouraged. This review focuses on differentiating imaging modalities used for screening women at high-risk for breast cancer over the age of 50 by discussing the different imaging techniques, cost versus benefit, detection rates, and impact on survival...
December 28, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133341/-two-cases-of-lung-metastasis-from-breast-cancer-successfully-treated-with-endocrine-therapy
#7
Kumi Hasegawa, Yasuhiro Higashi, Ayako Kamiya, Yasushi Takatsuno, Ito Kondo, Jun Kaneko, Takeshi Endo, Shizuaki Maejima
We report 2 cases of lung metastasis from breast cancer that were successfully treated with endocrine therapy.Case 1 is a 69-year-old woman with cirrhosis of the liver caused by hepatitis C.She underwent surgery for left breast cancer at the age of 58, and surgery for right breast cancer at the age of 65.Four years later, she was diagnosed with lung metastasis of breast cancer.She received letrozole and the treatment was effective.Because the severity of the pleural effusion increased 3 years later, fulvestrant was subsequently administered...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132392/determinants-of-volumetric-breast-density-in-chilean-premenopausal-women
#8
Ana Pereira, Maria Luisa Garmendia, Ricardo Uauy, Paulina Neira, Sandra Lopez-Arana, Serghei Malkov, John Shepherd
PURPOSE: High mammographic breast density (BD) is a strong risk factor of breast cancer; however, little is known in women under 40 years of age. Recently, dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) has been developed as a low-dose method to measure BD in young populations. Thus, our aims were to describe BD in relation to risk factors in Chilean women under 40 years old and to explore the equivalence of DXA to mammography for the measurement of BD. METHODS: We selected 192 premenopausal Chilean female participants of the DERCAM study for whom we have anthropometric, sociodemographic, and gyneco-obstetric data...
January 28, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129762/performance-of-a-subsidised-mammographic-screening-programme-in-malaysia-a-middle-income-asian-country
#9
Marianne Lee, Shivaani Mariapun, Nadia Rajaram, Soo-Hwang Teo, Cheng-Har Yip
BACKGROUND: The incidence of breast cancer in Asia is increasing because of urbanization and lifestyle changes. In the developing countries in Asia, women present at late stages, and mortality is high. Mammographic screening is the only evidence-based screening modality that reduces breast cancer mortality. To date, only opportunistic screening is offered in the majority of Asian countries because of the lack of justification and funding. Nevertheless, there have been few reports on the effectiveness of such programmes...
January 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125763/continued-treatment-effect-of-zoledronic-acid-dosing-every-12-vs-4-weeks-in-women-with-breast-cancer-metastatic-to-bone-the-optimize-2-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Gabriel N Hortobagyi, Catherine Van Poznak, W Graydon Harker, William J Gradishar, Helen Chew, Shaker R Dakhil, Barbara B Haley, Nicholas Sauter, Ramon Mohanlal, Ming Zheng, Allan Lipton
Importance: Zoledronic acid, a potent bisphosphonate, is commonly administered to patients with bone metastases to reduce the risk of skeletal-related events (SREs). However, there have been concerns regarding its long-term monthly administration. Objective: To examine whether zoledronic acid every 12 weeks was noninferior to zoledronic acid every 4 weeks in patients with metastatic breast cancer that involved the bone who had previously received a standard dosing regimen of zoledronic acid and/or pamidronate disodium...
January 26, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107260/frequency-of-pregnancy-related-cancer-a-population-based-linkage-study-in-lombardy-italy
#11
Fabio Parazzini, Matteo Franchi, Alessandra Tavani, Eva Negri, Fedro Alessandro Peccatori
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to estimate the occurrence of pregnancy-associated cancer overall and by site, to evaluate if the risk increases over time, and to investigate some major determinants. METHODS: This is a population-based linkage study using the regional hospital discharge forms [Scheda di Dimissione Ospedaliera (SDO)] database of Lombardy, Italy, a region with 10 million inhabitants. All resident women with a SDO reporting a birth or abortion between 2001 and 2012 were identified...
March 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105150/ovarian-metastasis-from-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-with-alk-and-egfr-mutations-a-report-of-two-cases
#12
Rosemary T Mushi, Yumei Yang, Qian Cai, Ruiguang Zhang, Gang Wu, Xiaorong Dong
Ovarian metastasis from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a rare condition. The current study presents the cases of 2 female patients aged 38 and 47 years old, respectively, who were initially diagnosed with NSCLC adenocarcinoma on histology. Both patients initially presented with chest pain and a cough, and subsequently developed ovarian metastases following multiple treatments. The 38-year old patient exhibited an epidermal growth factor receptor mutation, confirmed by scorpion/amplified refractory mutation system analysis from a lung biopsy...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104032/-analysis-of-the-factors-influencing-adjuvant-chemotherapy-decisions-for-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#13
J Hong, X S Chen, J Y Wu, O Huang, L Zhu, J R He, Q Fang, W G Chen, Y F Li, K W Shen
Objective: To analyze adjuvant chemotherapy decisions for triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), and explore the influencing factors in the multidisciplinary treatment (MDT) modality. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed. The cases with invasive TNBC who underwent surgery and MDT discussion for adjuvant treatment in Ruijin Hospital, from April 2013 to June 2015, were recruited. The patients' clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed and adjuvant treatment suggestions from MDT were obtained...
January 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095342/orthognathic-surgery-during-breast-cancer-treatment-a-case-report
#14
Tsuyoshi Shimo, Norie Yoshioka, Masahiro Nakamura, Soichiro Ibaragi, Tatsuo Okui, Yuki Kunisada, Masanori Masui, Mayumi Yao, Koji Kishimoto, Shoko Yoshida, Akiyoshi Nishiyama, Hiroshi Kamioka, Akira Sasaki
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, patients with orthognathic surgery in middle-aged and elderly people have come to be a more frequent occurrence. Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in woman worldwide, and its prevalence rate is steadily increasing. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 47-year-old Japanese woman in whom left-side breast cancer (Stage 1) was unexpectedly found just before orthognathic surgery in April 2012. Breast-conserving surgery was performed (estrogen receptor+, progesterone receptor+, HER2 -, surgical margin+, sentinel lymph node +) that May...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093732/long-term-hormone-therapy-for-perimenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women
#15
REVIEW
Jane Marjoribanks, Cindy Farquhar, Helen Roberts, Anne Lethaby, Jasmine Lee
BACKGROUND: Hormone therapy (HT) is widely provided for control of menopausal symptoms and has been used for the management and prevention of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis and dementia in older women. This is an updated version of a Cochrane review first published in 2005. OBJECTIVES: To assess effects of long-term HT (at least 1 year's duration) on mortality, cardiovascular outcomes, cancer, gallbladder disease, fracture and cognition in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women during and after cessation of treatment...
January 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078498/perinatal-exposure-to-bisphenol-a-or-diethylstilbestrol-increases-the-susceptibility-to-develop-mammary-gland-lesions-after-estrogen-replacement-therapy-in-middle-aged-rats
#16
Ayelen L Gomez, Melisa B Delconte, Gabriela A Altamirano, Lucia Vigezzi, Veronica L Bosquiazzo, Luís F Barbisan, Jorge G Ramos, Enrique H Luque, Mónica Muñoz-de-Toro, Laura Kass
The development of the mammary gland is a hormone-regulated event. Several factors can dysregulate its growth and make the gland more susceptible to cellular transformation. Among these factors, perinatal exposure to xenoestrogens and hormone replacement therapy has been associated with increased risk of developing breast cancer. Here, we assessed the effects induced by estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) in ovariectomized (OVX) middle-aged rats and whether perinatal exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES) or bisphenol A (BPA) modified these effects in the mammary gland...
January 11, 2017: Hormones & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065398/molecular-subtypes-and-prognosis-in-young-mexican-women-with-breast-cancer
#17
Cynthia Villarreal-Garza, Alejandro Mohar, Juan Enrique Bargallo-Rocha, Federico Lasa-Gonsebatt, Nancy Reynoso-Noverón, Juan Matus-Santos, Paula Cabrera, Claudia Arce-Salinas, Fernando Lara-Medina, Alberto Alvarado-Miranda, María Teresa Ramírez-Ugalde, Enrique Soto-Perez-de-Celis
INTRODUCTION: Young age represents an adverse prognostic factor in breast cancer (BC), and young women present with more advanced and aggressive disease. In Latin America, BC is increasing in young women, and there is a lack of information regarding the characteristics and outcomes of this patient population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a database of 4315 women treated for BC at a single institution. We compared clinical characteristics, treatment, and survival between women ≤ 40 and > 40 years of age...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055266/quality-of-life-in-long-term-and-very-long-term-cancer-survivors-versus-population-controls-in-germany
#18
Volker Arndt, Lena Koch-Gallenkamp, Lina Jansen, Heike Bertram, Andrea Eberle, Bernd Holleczek, Sieglinde Schmid-Höpfner, Annika Waldmann, Sylke Ruth Zeissig, Hermann Brenner
BACKGROUND: With the increasing number and diversity of cancer survivors, studies of survivors' physical, emotional, and social health are of growing importance. While there is a growing body of literature on the quality of life (QoL) of cancer patients during the early years past diagnosis, less is known regarding QoL in long-term survivors (LTS) (5 + years past diagnosis) and particularly in very long-term survivors (VLTS) (10 + years past diagnosis). The objective of our study is to: (1) compare QoL of long-term cancer survivors and population norms; and (2) assess whether any deficits in QoL of survivors observed 5-10 years past diagnosis persist beyond the 10th year past diagnosis...
January 5, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043695/standardizing-the-complication-rate-after-breast-reduction-using-the-clavien-dindo-classification
#19
Raimund Winter, Isabella Haug, Patricia Lebo, Martin Grohmann, Frederike M J Reischies, Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Alexandru Tuca, Theresa Rienmüller, Herwig Friedl, Stephan Spendel, Abigail A Forbes, Paul Wurzer, Lars-P Kamolz
BACKGROUND: Published complication rates for breast reduction surgery, also known as reduction mammaplasty, vary between 4% and 54%. This wide range of complication rates could be attributable to the lack of a standardized classification of complications in plastic surgery. The aim of this study was to analyze our single-center complication rates after reduction mammaplasty using the Clavien-Dindo classification. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review studying 804 patients between the ages of 18 and 81 years old who underwent breast reduction between 2005 and 2015 at our institution...
December 30, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039893/chemotherapy-in-old-women-with-breast-cancer-is-age-still-a-predictor-for-under-treatment
#20
Mégane Meresse, Anne-Déborah Bouhnik, Marc-Karim Bendiane, Frédérique Retornaz, Frédérique Rousseau, Dominique Rey, Roch Giorgi
Breast cancer affects mostly older women but there are no guidelines especially devoted to adjuvant chemotherapy for this population. In this context, this study was carried out in a population-based cohort of French elderly women with breast cancer, to check adherence to the existing national guidelines according to the women's age, taking into account the evolution of the situation over time for women requiring chemotherapy. Between October 2006 and December 2008, all consecutive women included in the French Health registry for a biopsy-proven primary nonmetastatic breast cancer, aged 65-80 years at diagnosis, and living in South Eastern France, were asked to participate in a cohort study...
December 31, 2016: Breast Journal
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