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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818111/estimates-of-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-in-china-2013
#1
Rongshou Zheng, Hongmei Zeng, Siwei Zhang, Wanqing Chen
INTRODUCTION: Population-based cancer registration data are collected by the National Central Cancer Registry in China every year. Cancer incident cases and cancer deaths in 2013 were analyzed. METHODS: Through the procedure of quality control, reported data from 255 registries were accepted to establish the national database for cancer estimates. Incidences and mortalities were calculated with stratification by area (urban/rural), sex (male/female), age group (0, 1-4, 5-9, 10-14 … 80-84, and 85-year-old and above), and cancer site...
August 17, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816969/immediate-breast-reconstruction-with-omental-flap-for-luminal-breast-cancer-patients-ten-clinical-case-reports
#2
Nanlin Li, Zhao Zheng, Jipeng Li, Jing Fan, Ting Wang, Juliang Zhang, Hui Wang, Jianghao Chen, Yonggang Lv, Jun Yi, Meiling Huang, Rui Ling
RATIONALE: Luminal subtype breast cancer, accounting for 70 to 80% of all breast cancers, has been reported to be associated with good prognosis. However, for the patients with large mass or worse mass position, omental flap transplantation may provide a new option for breast reconstruction. PATIENT CONCERNS: Ten patients (6 luminal B1, 2 luminal B2, 2 luminal A), were enrolled into the study, between January 23, 2015 and August 22, 2016. The mean age was 34.6 ± 6...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809605/age-modifies-the-effect-of-2-mev-fast-neutrons-on-rat-mammary-carcinogenesis
#3
Tatsuhiko Imaoka, Mayumi Nishimura, Kazuhiro Daino, Ayaka Hosoki, Masaru Takabatake, Toshiaki Kokubo, Kazutaka Doi, Kaye Showler, Yukiko Nishimura, Hitomi Moriyama, Takamitsu Morioka, Yoshiya Shimada, Shizuko Kakinuma
The relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of neutrons depends on their physical nature (e.g., energy) and the biological context (e.g., end points, materials). From the perspective of radiological protection, age is an important biological context that influences radiation-related cancer risk, but very few studies have addressed its potential impact on neutron effects. We therefore investigated the influence of age on the effect of accelerator-generated fast neutrons (mean energy, ∼2 MeV) in an animal model of breast carcinogenesis...
August 15, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798811/pregnancy-testing-in-patients-undergoing-radiation-therapy
#4
Shivam M Kharod, Julie Greenwalt, Camille Dessaigne, Anamaria Yeung
Radiation therapy (RT) can be lethal to a developing fetus; therefore, determining pregnancy status before RT is essential. We here sought to determine how many women treated with RT at our institution for over one year were at risk for pregnancy when starting RT. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all female patients 12-55 years old treated with radiation, i.e. 1 October 2012 to 31 September 2013. Patients were categorised as 'at risk' if they had a uterus and 'no risk' if they had a hysterectomy...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797032/comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-in-326-older-women-with-early-breast-cancer
#5
D O Okonji, R Sinha, I Phillips, D Fatz, A Ring
BACKGROUND: One-third of new early breast cancer diagnoses occur in women over 70 years old. However, older women are less likely to receive radical curative treatments. This study prospectively evaluated a cohort of older women using a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) to determine whether fitness explained the apparent under-treatment in this patient group. METHODS: In this multi-centre prospective study, patients aged ⩾70 years with Stages I-III breast cancer underwent a pretreatment baseline CGA consisting of eight assessment tools...
August 10, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790868/contraception-concerns-utilization-and-counseling-needs-of-women-with-a-history-of-breast-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#6
Sheila K Mody, Danielle M Panelli, Avanthi Hulugalle, H Irene Su, Jessica R Gorman
INTRODUCTION: Reproductive-aged women who have had breast cancer face unique challenges when it comes to making decisions about contraception. Clinical guidelines indicate that patients should avoid pregnancy during cancer treatment, however the extent of contraception counseling and utilization after diagnosis has not been well studied. METHODS: We conducted three focus groups and one semi-structured interview with women between the ages of 18 and 50 years old diagnosed with breast cancer within the last 5 years...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790263/-three-poor-performance-status-ps-cases-of-metastatic-breast-cancer-controlled-with-adjustment-of-dosing-interval-and-dosage-of-bevacizumab-and-paclitaxel
#7
Mitsuo Terada, Hiroshi Sugiura, Nobuyasu Yoshimoto, Sayaka Nishikawa, Yukashi Ito, Yoko Kawaguchi, Yoshiaki Ando, Yukari Hato
A standard symptomatic therapy regimen of bevacizumab(BV)plus paclitaxel(PTX)was planned for use in 3 cases of metastatic breast cancer. Due to poor patient performance status(PS)because of malignant pleural effusion and ascites, the initial standard regimen was determined to be unsuitable. However, adjustment and fine-tuning of the BV plus PTX interval and dosage were found to be effective in improving symptoms, and consequently obtained good efficacy. Adverse effects were managed with drug withdrawal and symptomatic therapy...
July 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763919/-report-of-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-in-jiangsu-province-in-2013
#8
R Q Han, M Wu, P F Luo, H Yu, R S Zheng, J Y Zhou
Objective: To estimate the cancer incidence and mortality in Jiangsu, 2013. Methods: Up to June 2016, registration data in 2013 from 35 cancer registries in Jiangsu was collected by Jiangsu Provincial Central Cancer Registry. All data were checked and evaluated by the method and criteria of data quality control making by the National Central Cancer Registry, data from 34 registries' data were eligible and accepted as pooled data. Stratified by urban and rural, gender, age and cancer site, crude incidence/mortality rate, age-specific incidence/mortality rate, age-standardized incidence/mortality rate by Chinese standard population, age-standardized incidence/mortality rate by world standard population, composition, cumulative incidence/mortality rate (0-74 age years old) and the 10 leading cancers were calculated...
August 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763917/-analysis-of-the-patterns-of-female-breast-cancer-incidence-in-shanghai-2003-2012
#9
C X Wu, Y Zheng, P P Bao, Z Z Huang, M L Zhang, K Gu, Y M Xiang, P Peng, Y M Gong, W J Zhong
Objective: To analyze the patterns of female breast cancer and their incidence in Shanghai during 2003-2012, and to compare them with international data. Methods: The data of female breast cancer cases diagnosed between 2003 and 2012 were collected from the Shanghai Cancer Registry. The record of cancer cases included the patient's name, gender, date of birth, permanent and residential address, diagnosis site or name, histological type, date of first diagnosis, diagnostic basis and diagnostic stage, etc. Data source of cancer incidence of World, Developed Countries, Developing Countries, East Asia and China in 2012 sourced from GLOBOCAN 2012 database of the WHO International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC); and the data of USA during 2008-2012 was collected from SEER 18 database from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program of the National Cancer Institute (NCI)...
August 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763916/-the-coping-styles-and-its-relationship-with-quality-of-life-among-1-968-female-breast-cancer-patients-in-shanghai-in-2014
#10
Q L Deng, C C Zhao, R Y Hu, J W Wang, J M Yu
Objective: To study the coping styles and its relationship with quality of life among part of the female breast cancer patients in Shanghai in 2014. Methods: In August of 2014, 1-3 block groups affiliated to Shanghai Cancer Rehabilitation Club were selected from each of the 17 districts of Shanghai by convenient sampling method. Respondents were recruited from these block groups via putting up posters in the community or top three hospitals nearby. The inclusion criteria were as follows: female, aged from 18 to 80 years old; the initial diagnosis or primary tumor was breast cancer, and active treatments including surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy were finished; capable of basic reading and comprehension, and there was no communication disorder; daily activities were not limited, and with no mental disorder or dysgnosia...
August 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750273/prognostic-value-of-the-g8-and-modified-g8-screening-tools-for-multidimensional-health-problems-in-older-patients-with-cancer
#11
Claudia Martinez-Tapia, Elena Paillaud, Evelyne Liuu, Christophe Tournigand, Rima Ibrahim, Virginie Fossey-Diaz, Stéphane Culine, Florence Canoui-Poitrine, Etienne Audureau
BACKGROUND: The G8 screening tool has been developed to identify older cancer patients requiring a geriatric assessment for tailoring therapy. Little is known about its prognostic value, particularly by tumour site. An optimised version has been recently developed, but no prognostic information is available. We compared the prognostic value of both instruments overall and by tumour site. METHODS: Data were from a prospective cohort of cancer patients ≥70 years old referred to 1 of 6 French geriatric oncology clinics between 2007 and 2014 (n = 1333)...
July 24, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748445/surgeon-and-radiation-oncologist-views-on-omission-of-adjuvant-radiotherapy-for-older-women-with-early-stage-breast-cancer
#12
Dean A Shumway, Kent A Griffith, Michael S Sabel, Rochelle D Jones, Julie M Forstner, Terri L Bott-Kothari, Sarah T Hawley, Jacqueline Jeruss, Reshma Jagsi
PURPOSE: Although clinical trials have shown no survival advantage and only a modest improvement in local control from adjuvant radiotherapy after lumpectomy in older women with stage I, estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer, radiotherapy is commonly administered, raising concerns about overtreatment. Therefore, we sought to evaluate physician views on omission of radiotherapy in older women with favorable prognosis breast cancer. METHODS: We surveyed a national sample of 713 radiation oncologists and 879 surgeons...
July 26, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741872/breast-disease-in-men-in-metropolitan-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#13
Renata Thaís de Almeida Barbosa, Maria Auxiliadora F Vertamatti, Claudia Arab, Tânia Brusque Crocetta, Ricardo Lencioni Mazzei, Ivo Carelli Filho, Ricardo Faure, Izabella Brandão Mendes, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
Although rare, breast cancer in males represents 1% of all cancer in men, and has shown increasing incidence in 25 years. To analyze age, gender, type of procedure performed and diagnosis of all cases of breast diseases in a public hospital in Sao Paulo, Brazil, with special focus on men. Cross-sectional study of breast surgery in 2010-2014 at Hospital Municipal Universitario de Sao Bernardo do Campo, Brazil. In the period 999 breast surgery were carried out. Patients with benign diseases were about 30 years old and patients with malignant diseases were over 50...
July 25, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732722/-prevalence-in-the-performance-of-mammographies-in-spain-analysis-by-communities-2006-2014-and-influencing-factors
#14
Juan Manuel Carmona-Torres, Ana Isabel Cobo-Cuenca, Noelia María Martín-Espinosa, Rosa María Piriz-Campos, José Alberto Laredo-Aguilera, María Aurora Rodríguez-Borrego
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of the performance of mammography with preventive purpose of the screening of breast cancer in Spanish women, the evolution between the years 2006-2014, the sociodemographic profile of the women who undergo the mammography and to analyze the factors that influence in their adhesion. DESIGN: Transversal study. SITES: Spain. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 53.628 women over 15 years old that are surveyed in the National Health Survey in Spain 2006 and 2011/12 and the European Health Survey in Spain 2009 and 2014...
July 18, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730256/advanced-metastatic-breast-cancer-in-pregnancy-the-imperative-of-physical-breast-examination-in-pregnancy
#15
Anca Angela Simionescu, Claudia Valentina Georgescu, Mirela Corina Ghiluşi, Sabrina Ioana Stoica, Mircea Dragoş Median
Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer diagnosed among women; its association with pregnancy is not encountered. As childbearing age is increasing, the diagnosis of breast cancer associated pregnancy tends to be more often than years ago. Here we report a case of a 37-year-old patient, gravida 7, para 7, diagnosed at 30 weeks gestation with metastatic breast cancer. The patient presented to hospital due to an altered performance status. Obstetrical evaluation was within normal range. A metastatic infiltrating breast cancer poorly differentiated (G3) with satellite skin lesions (T4b), ipsilateral axillary and supraclavicular lymph nodes (N3), lung metastasis bilateral with pleural effusion and hepatic metastasis (M1), were diagnosed...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725630/curcumin-an-age-old-anti-inflammatory-and-anti-neoplastic-agent
#16
REVIEW
Matthew C Fadus, Cecilia Lau, Jai Bikhchandani, Henry T Lynch
Curcumin is a natural anti-inflammatory agent that has been used for treating medical conditions for many years. Several experimental and pharmacologic trials have demonstrated its efficacy in the role as an anti-inflammatory agent. Curcumin has been shown to be effective in treating chronic conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, Alzheimer's and common malignancies like colon, stomach, lung, breast, and skin cancers. As treatments in medicine become more and more complex, the answer may be something simpler...
July 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716116/catching-and-monitoring-clinical-innovation-through-performance-indicators-the-case-of-the-breast-conserving-surgery-indicator
#17
Anna Maria Murante, Silvio Candelori, Paola Rucci, Sabina Nuti, Manuela Roncella, Matteo Ghilli, Andrea Mercatelli, Maria Pia Fantini
BACKGROUND: The evolution in the surgical and diagnostic procedures, the attention to women's preferences, the case mix, and differences in professional practices may lead to a variability in the quality of breast cancer clinical pathway. To catch and manage this variability it is important to use valid measures. The aim of this paper is to examine the concurrent validity of the breast-conserving surgery (BCS) indicator and to provide evidence to guide the quality improvement process...
July 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710301/pituitary-apoplexy-a-rare-complication-of-leuprolide-therapy-in-prostate-cancer-treatment
#18
Georges Tanios, Nicolas Andrews Mungo, Aaysha Kapila, Kailash Bajaj
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists, used widely in the treatment of metastatic prostate cancer and hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, are associated with a rare but potentially fatal outcome of pituitary apoplexy (PA). An 85-year-old man presented with sudden onset of headache, left eye pain, sensitivity to light, nausea and vomiting. The symptoms started 4 hours after initiation of leuprolide therapy for treatment of recently diagnosed metastatic prostate carcinoma. Radiological imaging of the brain demonstrated a heterogeneously enlarged pituitary gland measuring 19×16×13 mm and T1-hyperintense signal compatible with pituitary haemorrhage...
July 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707206/patients-perception-of-app-based-educational-and-behavioural-interventions-for-enhancing-oral-anticancer-medication-adherence
#19
Eskinder Eshetu Ali, Jo Lene Leow, Lita Chew, Kevin Yi-Lwern Yap
Well-designed smartphone apps can potentially help in enhancing adherence to oral anticancer medications (OAMs). The objective of this study was to evaluate patients' perception on inclusion of various adherence-enhancing strategies as features of an app and their interest in using such app. A cross-sectional survey was conducted at the National Cancer Centre Singapore. A structured self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from patients taking OAMs. Final analysis was based on 409 surveys and most of the respondents were female (291, 71...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699130/cost-effectiveness-of-risk-reducing-mastectomy-versus-surveillance-in-brca-mutation-carriers-with-a-history-of-ovarian-cancer
#20
Charlotte Gamble, Laura J Havrilesky, Evan R Myers, Junzo P Chino, Scott Hollenbeck, Jennifer K Plichta, P Kelly Marcom, E Shelley Hwang, Noah D Kauff, Rachel A Greenup
BACKGROUND: The appropriate management of breast cancer risk in BRCA mutation carriers following ovarian cancer diagnosis remains unclear. We sought to determine the survival benefit and cost effectiveness of risk-reducing mastectomy (RRM) among women with BRCA1/2 mutations following stage II-IV ovarian cancer. DESIGN: We constructed a decision model from a third-party payer perspective to compare annual screening with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and mammography to annual screening followed by RRM with reconstruction following ovarian cancer diagnosis...
July 11, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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