Read by QxMD icon Read

Breast chemotherapy adjuvant and primary

A D Darwish, A M Helal, N H Aly El-Din, L L Solaiman, A Amin
OBJECTIVE: The aim is to identify the epidemiological and clinicopathological features associated with young breast cancer (BC) patients and to discuss factors affecting tumor recurrence and DFS. PATIENTS & METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted based on medical records from young females patients aged ≤35 years with pathologically confirmed primary breast cancer treated during 2008-2010 at NCI. Cases with non invasive cancer and non carcinoma histology are excluded...
October 20, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Touria Derkaoui, Joaira Bakkach, Mohamed Mansouri, Ali Loudiyi, Mohamed Fihri, Fatima Zahra Alaoui, Amina Barakat, Bouchra El Yemlahi, Hassan Bihri, Naima Ghailani Nourouti, Mohcine Bennani Mechita
BACKGROUND: Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) is defined by a lack of estrogen and progesterone receptor gene expression and by the absence of overexpression on HER2. It is associated to a poor prognosis. We propose to analyze the clinicopathologic and prognostic characteristics of this breast cancer subtype in a Mediterranean population originated or resident in the North of Morocco. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 279 patients diagnosed with breast cancer between January 2010 and January 2015...
October 22, 2016: BMC Women's Health
C Nos, K B Clough, P Bonnier, S Lasry, G Le Bouedec, B Flipo, J-M Classe, M-C Missana, V Doridot, S Giard, H Charitansky, A Charles-Nelson, A-S Bats, C Ngo
BACKGROUND: Two thirds of node-positive breast cancer patients have limited pN1 disease and could benefit from a less extensive axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). METHODS: 172 breast cancers patients requiring an ALND were prospectively enrolled in the Sentibras Protocol of Axillary Reverse Mapping (ARM). Radioisotope was injected in the ipsilateral hand the day before surgery. ALND was standard. Removed lymph nodes were classified into non radioactive nodes and radioactive nodes (ARM nodes)...
August 26, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Saverio Cinieri, Arlene Chan, Kadri Altundag, An Vandebroek, Nicole Tubiana-Mathieu, Agusti Barnadas, Patricia Dodyk, Silvia Lazzarelli, Michiel Botha, Daniel Rauch, Gustavo Villanova, Ugur Coskun
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of 3 first-line chemotherapy combination regimens for HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer (mBC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this open-label, 3-arm, randomized phase II trial, patients were randomized to all-oral NORCAP (vinorelbine/capecitabine), GEMPAC (gemcitabine/paclitaxel), or GEMDOC (gemcitabine/docetaxel) as first-line chemotherapy for HER2-negative mBC. Stratification factors were center, previous (neo)adjuvant anthracycline, and age...
June 25, 2016: Clinical Breast Cancer
Vera Ramos, João Fraga, Teresa Simões, Margarida Figueiredo Dias
We report a case of a 36-year-old woman that presented with a painful mass in the outer quadrants of the left breast that had grown rapidly. Physical examination revealed a well circumscribed elastic mass and breast ultrasound showed a cyst measuring 26 mm with vegetation growing on the inner wall. Microscopic evaluation, after fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), suggested benign lesion. Tumorectomy was performed and the final diagnosis was a pure squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the breast. A simple mastectomy with sentinel node biopsy was performed...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Charlotte Schillebeeckx, Guy Verbeeck, Geert Daenen, Dirk Servaes, Marc Bronckaers
Phyllodes tumors of the breast are rare, accounting for less than 1% of the breast tumors. They are mostly seen in women between 45 and 49 years old. These are fast growing tumors with a large spectrum of behavior (from benign to metastatic) and can resemble fibroadenomas. Correct diagnosis mostly through core needle biopsy is important to decide whether a surgical excision has to be done. Here we report a case of a 57-year-old woman with a fast growing, ulcerated tumor in the left breast. Core needle biopsy suggested a malignant phyllodes tumor with heterologous liposarcomatous differentiation...
September 5, 2016: Rare Tumors
Kosei Kimura, Satoru Tanaka, Mitsuhiko Iwamoto, Hiroya Fujioka, Nayuko Sato, Risa Terasawa, Kanako Kawaguchi, Junna Matsuda, Nodoka Umezaki, Kazuhisa Uchiyama
The purpose of this study was to retrospectively analyze the feasibility of outpatient management without initial assessment for febrile patients undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer. A total of 131 consecutive patients with breast cancer treated with adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy from 2011 to 2013 at Osaka Medical College Hospital (Osaka, Japan) were retrospectively reviewed. In the case of developing a fever (body temperature, ≥38°C), the outpatients had been instructed to take previously prescribed oral antibiotics for 3 days without any initial assessment, and if no improvement had occurred by then, they were required to visit the hospital for examination and to undergo treatment based on the results of a risk assessment for complications...
October 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Sang-Won Kim, Mison Chun, Sehwan Han, Yong Sik Jung, Jin Hyuk Choi, Seok Yun Kang, Hyunsoo Jang, Sunmi Jo
PURPOSE: The role of postmastectomy radiotherapy in the treatment of T1-2 primary tumor with 1-3 positive lymph nodes is controversial. We compared treatment outcomes between breast conserving surgery followed by radiotherapy (BCS+RT) and total mastectomy alone (TM) in the setting of modern adjuvant systemic treatments. METHODS: Patients with T1-2 primary breast cancer and 1-3 positive lymph nodes who were treated between 2001 and 2011 were divided into 2 groups based on the treatment approach: BCS+RT (n = 169) and TM (n = 117)...
2016: PloS One
Jing Liu, Stephen J Blake, Michelle C R Yong, Heidi Harjunpaa, Shin Foong Ngiow, Kazuyoshi Takeda, Arabella Young, Jake S O'Donnell, Stacey Allen, Mark J Smyth, Michele W L Teng
Immunotherapy has recently entered a renaissance phase with the approval of multiple agents for the treatment of cancer. Immunotherapy stands ready to join traditional modalities, including surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and hormone therapy, as a pillar of cancer treatment. Although immunotherapy has begun to have success in advanced cancer treatment, its scheduling and efficacy with surgery to treat earlier stages of cancer and prevent distant metastases has not been systematically examined. Here, we have used two models of spontaneously metastatic breast cancers in mice, to illustrate the significantly greater therapeutic power of neoadjuvant, compared with adjuvant immunotherapies in the context of primary tumor resection...
September 23, 2016: Cancer Discovery
Irene L Wapnir, Shari Gelber, Stewart J Anderson, Eleftherios P Mamounas, André Robidoux, Miguel Martín, Johan W R Nortier, Charles E Geyer, Alexander H G Paterson, István Láng, Karen N Price, Alan S Coates, Richard D Gelber, Priya Rastogi, Meredith M Regan, Norman Wolmark, Stefan Aebi
BACKGROUND: Isolated locoregional recurrences (ILRRs) of breast cancer confer a significant risk for the development of distant metastasis. Management practices and second ILRR events in the Chemotherapy as Adjuvant for LOcally Recurrent breast cancer (CALOR) trial were investigated. METHODS: In this study, 162 patients with ILRR were randomly assigned to receive postoperative chemotherapy or no chemotherapy. Descriptive statistics characterize outcomes according to local therapy and the influence of hormone receptor status on subsequent recurrences...
September 23, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
John Hilton, Sasha Mazzarello, Dean Fergusson, Anil A Joy, Andrew Robinson, Angel Arnaout, Brian Hutton, Lisa Vandermeer, Mark Clemons
PURPOSE: The current clinical trials development and conduct process is cumbersome and expensive, with the majority of studies focusing on either the development of new agents or new indications for established agents. Unfortunately, research comparing standard-of-care interventions is rarely performed, leaving many important and practical patient-centered questions unanswered. Novel clinical trial methodologies and approaches are needed. METHODS: We have identified simple key components that, when combined, enhance the ability to both perform and increase accrual for studies that compare standard-of-care interventions...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
Michael J Raphael, James J Biagi, Weidong Kong, Mihaela Mates, Christopher M Booth, William J Mackillop
BACKGROUND: It is known that adjuvant chemotherapy improves survival in women with breast cancer. It is not known whether the interval between surgery and the initiation of chemotherapy influences its effectiveness. PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between time to initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy and survival in women with breast cancer, through a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis. METHODS: Systematic review of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Database of Controlled Trials, Google Scholar, and abstracts presented at major international oncology conferences...
November 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Shivaprasad Deshmukh, Krishna Sharan, Donald Jerard Fernandes, Vidyasagar Mamidipudi Srinivasa, Prahlad Hiremagalur Yathiraj, Anshul Singh, Anusha Reddy
INTRODUCTION: Hypofractionated External Beam Radiotherapy (HFRT) is a relatively new adjuvant Radiotherapy (RT) schedule for breast cancers following breast conservation surgery and less commonly, following mastectomy. Here we report our experience on normal tissue exposure and acute toxicity of HFRT after mastectomy. AIM: To assess the dosimetric outcomes and acute toxicity profile of adjuvant HFRT following mastectomy for breast cancer. MATERIALS AND MATERIALS: This prospective observational study considered consecutive patients planned for adjuvant HFRT (42...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Akiko Ogiya, Kieko Yamazaki, Rie Horii, Tadahiko Shien, Yoshiya Horimoto, Norikazu Masuda, Touko Inao, Mitsuchika Hosoda, Naoko Ishida, Tomofumi Osako, Masato Takahashi, Yumi Endo, Yuichiro Miyoshi, Hiroyuki Yasojima, Nobumoto Tomioka, Hiroko Yamashita
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been performed on post-relapse survival in patients with the early and late distant recurrence in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. METHODS: A total of 205 patients with the early distant recurrence and 134 patients with the late distant recurrence of ER-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer who had undergone breast surgery or neoadjuvant chemotherapy between January 2000 and December 2004 were registered from nine institutions...
September 15, 2016: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
Hirotsugu Yanai, Kayoko Endo, Mayumi Matsumoto, Masanori Kon, Tomoharu Sugie
BACKGROUND: More than 20%of breast cancer patients who undergo myelosuppressive chemotherapy involving FEC(100) or TC experience febrile neutropenia(FN), and pegfilgrastim is commonly recommended as the primary prophylaxis. Delays and/or dose-reductions in chemotherapy should be avoided as much as possible to maximize the clinical benefits of these adjuvant chemotherapies. PURPOSE: This study assessed the relative dose intensity(RDI), efficacy, and safety of pegfilgrastim in patients with breast cancer...
September 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Torsten O Nielsen, Maj-Britt Jensen, Samantha Burugu, Dongxia Gao, Charlotte L Tykjaer Jorgensen, Eva Balslev, Bent Ejlertsen
PURPOSE: Luminal A breast cancers have better prognosis than other molecular subtypes. Luminal A cancers may also be insensitive to adjuvant chemotherapy, although there is little high level evidence to confirm this concept. The primary hypothesis in this formal prospective-retrospective analysis was to assess interaction between subtype (Luminal A vs. other) and treatment (chemotherapy vs. not) for the primary endpoint (10-year invasive disease free survival) of a breast cancer trial randomizing women to adjuvant chemotherapy, analyzed in multivariate Cox proportional hazards models using the Wald interaction test...
September 6, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Ali Johnson, Leanne Shulman, Jennifer Kachajian, Brian L Sprague, Farrah Khan, Ted James, David Cranmer, Peter Young, Ruth Heimann
PURPOSE: In the rural United States, there are multiple potential barriers to the timely initiation of chemotherapy. The goal of this study was to identify factors associated with delays in the time from initial diagnosis to first systemic therapy (TTC) among women with breast cancer in Vermont. METHODS: Using data from the Vermont Cancer Registry, we explored TTC for 702 female Vermont residents diagnosed with stage I to III breast cancer between 2006 and 2010 who received adjuvant chemotherapy...
September 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
T Younis, D Rayson, S Jovanovic, C Skedgel
The adoption of primary (PP) versus secondary prophylaxis (SP) of febrile neutropenia (FN), with granulocyte colony-stimulating factors (G-CSF), for adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) regimens in breast cancer (BC) could be affected by its "value for money". This systematic review examined (i) cost-effectiveness of PP versus SP, (ii) FN threshold at which PP is cost-effective including the guidelines 20 % threshold and (iii) potential impact of G-CSF efficacy assumptions on outcomes. The systematic review identified all cost-effectiveness/cost-utility analyses (CEA/CUA) involving PP versus SP G-CSF for AC in BC that met predefined inclusion/exclusion criteria...
October 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Fatima Cardoso, Laura J van't Veer, Jan Bogaerts, Leen Slaets, Giuseppe Viale, Suzette Delaloge, Jean-Yves Pierga, Etienne Brain, Sylvain Causeret, Mauro DeLorenzi, Annuska M Glas, Vassilis Golfinopoulos, Theodora Goulioti, Susan Knox, Erika Matos, Bart Meulemans, Peter A Neijenhuis, Ulrike Nitz, Rodolfo Passalacqua, Peter Ravdin, Isabel T Rubio, Mahasti Saghatchian, Tineke J Smilde, Christos Sotiriou, Lisette Stork, Carolyn Straehle, Geraldine Thomas, Alastair M Thompson, Jacobus M van der Hoeven, Peter Vuylsteke, René Bernards, Konstantinos Tryfonidis, Emiel Rutgers, Martine Piccart
BACKGROUND: The 70-gene signature test (MammaPrint) has been shown to improve prediction of clinical outcome in women with early-stage breast cancer. We sought to provide prospective evidence of the clinical utility of the addition of the 70-gene signature to standard clinical-pathological criteria in selecting patients for adjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: In this randomized, phase 3 study, we enrolled 6693 women with early-stage breast cancer and determined their genomic risk (using the 70-gene signature) and their clinical risk (using a modified version of Adjuvant! Online)...
August 25, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Jingjing Liu, Anieta M Sieuwerts, Maxime P Look, Michelle van der Vlugt-Daane, Marion E Meijer-van Gelder, John A Foekens, Antoinette Hollestelle, John W M Martens
Increased APOBEC3B mRNA levels are associated with a hypermutator phenotype and poor prognosis in ER-positive breast cancer patients. In addition, a 29.5 kb deletion polymorphism of APOBEC3B, resulting in an APOBEC3A-B hybrid transcript, has been associated with an increased breast cancer risk and the hypermutator phenotype. Here we evaluated whether the APOBEC3B deletion polymorphism also associates with clinical outcome of breast cancer. Copy number analysis was performed by quantitative PCR (qPCR) in primary tumors of 1,756 Dutch breast cancer patients...
2016: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"