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vascular mimicry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066821/evaluation-of-receptor-ligand-mechanisms-of-dual-targeted-particles-to-an-inflamed-endothelium
#1
Catherine A Fromen, Margaret B Fish, Anthony Zimmerman, Reheman Adili, Michael Holinstat, Omolola Eniola-Adefeso
Vascular-targeted carriers (VTCs) are designed as leukocyte mimics, decorated with ligands that target leukocyte adhesion molecules (LAMs) and facilitate adhesion to diseased endothelium. VTCs require different design considerations than other targeted particle therapies; adhesion of VTCs in regions with dynamic blood flow requires multiple ligand-receptor (LR) pairs that provide particle adhesion and disease specificity. Despite the ultimate goal of leukocyte mimicry, the specificity of multiple LAM-targeted VTCs remains poorly understood, especially in physiological environments...
March 2016: Bioeng Transl Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029338/vasculogenic-mimicry-in-malignant-mesothelioma-an-experimental-and-immunohistochemical-analysis
#2
Emily Pulford, Ashleigh Hocking, Kim Griggs, James McEvoy, Claudine Bonder, Douglas W Henderson, Sonja Klebe
Vasculogenic mimicry, the process in which cancer cells form angiomatoid structures independent of or in addition to host angiogenesis has been recorded in several otherwise non-endothelial malignant neoplasms. This study describes evidence of routine vascular mimicry by human mesothelioma cell lines in vitro, when the cell lines are cultured alone or co-cultured with human umbilical vascular endothelial cells, with the formation of angiomatoid tubular networks. Vasculogenic mimicry is also supported by immunohistochemical demonstration of human-specific anti-mitochondria antibody labelling of tumour-associated vasculature of human mesothelioma cells xenotransplanted into nude mice, and by evidence of vascular mimicry in some biopsy samples of human malignant mesotheliomas...
October 28, 2016: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990624/vascular-mimicry-in-glioblastoma-following-anti-angiogenic-and-anti-20-hete-therapies
#3
Kartik Angara, Mohammad H Rashid, Adarsh Shankar, Roxan Ara, Asm Iskander, Thaiz F Borin, Meenu Jain, Bhagelu R Achyut, Ali S Arbab
Glioblastoma (GBM) is one hypervascular and hypoxic tumor known among solid tumors. Antiangiogenic therapeutics (AATs) have been tested as an adjuvant to normalize blood vessels and control abnormal vasculature. Evidence of relapse exemplified in the progressive tumor growth following AAT reflects development of resistance to AATs. Here, we identified that GBM following AAT (Vatalanib) acquired an alternate mechanism to support tumor growth, called vascular mimicry (VM). We observed that Vatalanib induced VM vessels are positive for periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) matrix but devoid of any endothelium on the inner side and lined by tumor cells on the outer-side...
December 19, 2016: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956462/evaluation-of-neovascularization-patterns-in-an-orthotopic-rat-glioma-model-with-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri
#4
Du Xuesong, Xue Wei, Liu Heng, Chen Xiao, Wang Shunan, Guo Yu, Zhang Weiguo
BACKGROUND: Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) has been proved useful in evaluating glioma angiogenesis, but the utility in evaluating neovascularization patterns has not been reported. PURPOSE: To evaluate in vivo real-time glioma neovascularization patterns by measuring glioma perfusion quantitatively using DCE-MRI. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were used to establish C6 orthotopic glioma model and underwent MRI and pathology detections...
December 12, 2016: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956272/vasculogenic-mimicry-in-malignant-mesothelioma-an-experimental-and-immunohistochemical-analysis
#5
Emily Pulford, Ashleigh Hocking, Kim Griggs, James McEvoy, Claudine Bonder, Douglas W Henderson, Sonja Klebe
Vasculogenic mimicry, the process in which cancer cells form angiomatoid structures independent of or in addition to host angiogenesis has been recorded in several otherwise non-endothelial malignant neoplasms. This study describes evidence of routine vascular mimicry by human mesothelioma cell lines in vitro, when the cell lines are cultured alone or co-cultured with human umbilical vascular endothelial cells, with the formation of angiomatoid tubular networks. Vasculogenic mimicry is also supported by immunohistochemical demonstration of human-specific anti-mitochondria antibody labelling of tumour-associated vasculature of human mesothelioma cells xenotransplanted into nude mice, and by evidence of vascular mimicry in some biopsy samples of human malignant mesotheliomas...
December 2016: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901477/the-neurotrophin-neuritin1-cpg15-is-involved-in-melanoma-migration-attachment-independent-growth-and-vascular-mimicry
#6
Anja Katrin Bosserhoff, Nadja Schneider, Lisa Ellmann, Lucie Heinzerling, Silke Kuphal
The neurotrophin Neuritin1 (NRN1; cpg15) belongs to the candidate plasticity gene (CPG) family and is expressed in postmitotic-differentiating neurons of the developmental nervous system and neuronal structures associated with plasticity in the brain of human adult.Our newest findings document that NRN1 deregulation could contribute also to disease development and have impact on malignant melanoma. Our analyses displayed the over-expression of NRN1 in melanoma in vitro and in vivo, shown by immunohistochemistry and qRT-PCR on microdissected melanoma tissue; furthermore, soluble NRN1 was detectable in tissue culture supernatant and serum of melanoma patients...
November 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834402/macrophages-form-functional-vascular-mimicry-channels-in-vivo
#7
Faith H Barnett, Mauricio Rosenfeld, Malcolm Wood, William B Kiosses, Yoshihiko Usui, Valentina Marchetti, Edith Aguilar, Martin Friedlander
Macrophages, key cells of the innate immune system, are known to support angiogenesis but are not believed to directly form vessel walls. Here we show that macrophages structurally form primitive, NON-ENDOTHELIAL "vessels" or vascular mimicry (VM) channels in both tumor and angiogenesis in vivo models. These channels are functionally connected to the systemic vasculature as they are perfused by intravenously injected dye. Since both models share hypoxic micro-environments, we hypothesized that hypoxia may be an important mediator of VM formation...
November 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827359/vasculogenic-mimicry-in-small-cell-lung-cancer
#8
Stuart C Williamson, Robert L Metcalf, Francesca Trapani, Sumitra Mohan, Jenny Antonello, Benjamin Abbott, Hui Sun Leong, Christopher P E Chester, Nicole Simms, Radoslaw Polanski, Daisuke Nonaka, Lynsey Priest, Alberto Fusi, Fredrika Carlsson, Anders Carlsson, Mary J C Hendrix, Richard E B Seftor, Elisabeth A Seftor, Dominic G Rothwell, Andrew Hughes, James Hicks, Crispin Miller, Peter Kuhn, Ged Brady, Kathryn L Simpson, Fiona H Blackhall, Caroline Dive
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is characterized by prevalent circulating tumour cells (CTCs), early metastasis and poor prognosis. We show that SCLC patients (37/38) have rare CTC subpopulations co-expressing vascular endothelial-cadherin (VE-cadherin) and cytokeratins consistent with vasculogenic mimicry (VM), a process whereby tumour cells form 'endothelial-like' vessels. Single-cell genomic analysis reveals characteristic SCLC genomic changes in both VE-cadherin-positive and -negative CTCs. Higher levels of VM are associated with worse overall survival in 41 limited-stage patients' biopsies (P<0...
November 9, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824617/tumor-associated-macrophages-induce-vasculogenic-mimicry-of-glioblastoma-multiforme-through-cyclooxygenase-2-activation
#9
Xiaoming Rong, Bo Huang, Shuwei Qiu, Xiangpen Li, Lei He, Ying Peng
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a malignant brain tumor with characteristics of strong aggressiveness which depend on vigorous microvascular supply. Vasculogenic mimicry (VM), a new microvascular circulation not involving endothelial cells, is reported as one part of the vascularization of GBM. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), mostly present as immunosuppressive M2 phenotype in GBM, are well known as a promoter for tumor angiogenesis. However, whether TAMs can induce VM in GBM remains uncertain. In the present study, immunohistochemistry showed that higher numbers of macrophages infiltrating in the VM-positive area where tumor cells also highly express COX-2...
January 18, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797175/liposome-based-systemic-glioma-targeted-drug-delivery-enabled-by-all-d-peptides
#10
Man Ying, Changyou Zhan, Songli Wang, Bingxin Yao, Xuefeng Hu, Xianfei Song, Mingfei Zhang, Xiaoli Wei, Yan Xiong, Weiyue Lu
As the most aggressive brain tumor, chemotherapy of malignant glioma remains to be extremely challenging in clinic. The blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood-brain tumor barrier (BBTB) are physiological and pathological barriers preventing therapeutic drugs from reaching the glioma region. In addition, vasculogenic mimicry (VM) formed by invasive glioma cells instead of endothelial cells and angiogenesis are very common in glioma, leading to the poor prognosis and recurrence of glioma. An ideal drug delivery system for glioma chemotherapy needs to traverse the BBB and BBTB and then target VM, angiogenesis, and glioma cells...
November 9, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793002/vasculogenic-mimicry-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-contributes-to-portal-vein-invasion
#11
Chen Jue, Wu Zhifeng, Zhang Zhisheng, Cui Lin, Qian Yayun, Jin Feng, Gu Hao, Ishikawa Shintaro, Tadashi Hisamitsu, Guo Shiyu, Liu Yanqing
Portal vein invasion (PVI) is common in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and largely contributes to tumor recurrence after radical tumor resection or liver transplantation. Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) was an independent vascular system lined with tumor cells and associated with poor prognosis of HCC. The present study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between VM and portal vein invasion. A total of 44 HCC cases receiving anatomic liver resection were included in the study and were divided into groups with and without PVI...
October 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788725/-inhibitory-effect-of-migration-inducing-gene-7-shrna-recombinant-retrovirus-combined-with-endostatin-on-growth-and-metastasis-of-hepatoma-xenograft
#12
B Qu, G N Chen, G N Sheng, F Yu, Q Lyu, Y J Gu, L Guo, Y Lyu
Objective: To investigate the inhibitory effect of migration-inducing gene-7(Mig-7)interfered with retrovirus-mediated RNA(shRNA)combined with recombinant human endostatin(ES)on the growth and metastasis of subcutaneous xenograft of human hepatoma cells in nude mice. Methods: Two Mig-7-mRNA oligonucleotide sequences(Mig-7-shRNA-1 and Mig-7-shRNA-2)and one sequence as a negative control(Mig-7-shRNA-N)were designed. The specific Mig-7-shRNA recombinant retrovirus expression vector plasmid was constructed and used for the transfection of human hepatoma MHCC-97H cells with high expression of Mig-7...
September 20, 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776348/prognostic-value-of-vascular-mimicry-in-patients-with-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-bladder-after-radical-cystectomy
#13
Lin Zhou, Yuan Chang, Le Xu, Son Tung Nguyen Hoang, Zheng Liu, Qiang Fu, Zongming Lin, Jiejie Xu
Vascular mimicry (VM) refers to the plasticity of aggressive cancer cells forming de novo vascular networks, which promoted tumor metastasis. The aim of this study was evaluate the impact of VM on recurrence-free survival (RFS) in urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB). Records from 202 patients treated with radical cystectomy (RC) for UCB at Zhongshan Hospital between 2002 and 2014 were reviewed. The presence of VM was identified by CD31-PAS double staining. Positive VM staining occurred in 19.3% (39 of 202) UCB cases, and it was associated with increased risks of recurrence (Log-Rank p<0...
October 20, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776018/inhibitor-of-vasculogenic-mimicry-restores-sensitivity-of-resistant-melanoma-cells-to-dna-damaging-agents
#14
Amalia Vartanian, Maria Baryshnikova, Olga Burova, Dariya Afanasyeva, Vsevolod Misyurin, Alexander Belyаvsky, Zoya Shprakh
The increasing incidence of melanoma makes this cancer an important public health problem. Therapeutic resistance is still a major obstacle to the therapy of patients with metastatic melanomas. The aim of this study was to develop the melanoma cell line resistant to DNA-alkylating agents and to elucidate the mechanisms involved in acquired drug resistance. We established a unique melanoma subline Mel MeR resistant to DNA-alkylating drug aranoza by continuous stepwise selection of the Mel Me/WT cell line with increasing concentrations of this drug...
February 2017: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725898/ipsc-derived-cancer-stem-cells-provide-a-model-of-tumor-vasculature
#15
Marta Prieto-Vila, Ting Yan, Anna Sanchez Calle, Neha Nair, Laura Hurley, Tomonari Kasai, Hiroki Kakuta, Junko Masuda, Hiroshi Murakami, Akifumi Mizutani, Masaharu Seno
To grow beyond a size of approximately 1-2 mm(3), tumor cells activate many processes to develop blood vasculature. Growing evidences indicate that the formation of the tumor vascular network is very complex, and is not restricted to angiogenesis. Cancer cell-derived tumor vasculatures have been recently described. Among them, endothelial differentiation of tumor cells have been directly related to cancer stem cells, which are cells within a tumor that possess the capacity to self-renew, and to exhibit multipotential heterogeneous lineages of cancer cells...
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693752/a-stabilized-peptide-ligand-for-multifunctional-glioma-targeted-drug-delivery
#16
Man Ying, Qing Shen, Changyou Zhan, Xiaoli Wei, Jie Gao, Cao Xie, Bingxin Yao, Weiyue Lu
Peptide ligands consisting of l-amino acids are subject to proteolysis in vivo. When modified on the surface of nanocarriers, those peptide ligands would readily degrade and the targeting efficacy is significantly attenuated. It has received increasing scrutiny to design stable peptide ligands for targeted drug delivery. Here, we present the design of a stable peptide ligand by the formation of a head-to-tail amide bond as an example. Even though the linear l-peptide A7R (termed (L)A7R) can bind specifically to vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) and neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) that are overexpressed on glioma cells, neovasculature and glioma vasculogenic mimicry (VM), the tumor-homing capacity of (L)A7R is greatly impaired in vivo due to proteolysis (e...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693460/vascular-mimicry-formation-is-promoted-by-paracrine-tgf-%C3%AE-and-sdf1-of-cancer-associated-fibroblasts-and-inhibited-by-mir-101-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#17
Jine Yang, Yang Lu, Ying-Ying Lin, Zhi-Yuan Zheng, Jian-Hong Fang, Shuai He, Shi-Mei Zhuang
Vascular mimicry (VM) describes the phenomenon that tumor cells but not endothelial cells form vascular-like channels, which provide blood perfusion for tumor tissues. VM is associated with tumor growth, metastasis and worse survival of different cancers. The mechanisms of VM formation remain largely unknown. We showed that the conditioned medium of cancer-associated fibroblast (CM-CAF) promoted tumor cells to form capillary-like structure in vitro. Consistently, co-implantation of CAFs with tumor cells significantly enhanced VM formation in mouse xenografts, and higher amount of CAFs was found in VM(+) human HCC tissues compared to VM(-) ones...
September 28, 2016: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574422/aptamer-functionalized-peptide-h3cr5c-as-a-novel-nanovehicle-for-codelivery-of-fasudil-and-mirna-195-targeting-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Ying Liu, Xin Wu, Yuan Gao, Jigang Zhang, Dandan Zhang, Shengying Gu, Guanhua Zhu, Gaolin Liu, Xiaoyu Li
Liver cancer is the fifth most commonly diagnosed malignancy, of which hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) represents the dominating histological subtype. Antiangiogenic therapy aimed at vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has shown promising but deficient clinical prospects on account of vasculogenic mimicry, a highly patterned vascular channel distinguished from the endothelium-dependent blood vessel, which may function as blood supply networks occurring in aggressive tumors including HCC. In this study, we used a new cationic peptide, disulfide cross-linked stearylated polyarginine peptide modified with histidine (H3R5), as a reducible vector, cell penetrating peptide-modified aptamer (ST21) with specific binding to HCC cells to conjugate to peptide H3R5 as the targeting probe, miRNA-195 (miR195) as a powerful gene drug to inhibit VEGF, and fasudil to suppress vasculogenic mimicry by blocking ROCK2, all of which were simultaneously encapsulated in the same nanoparticles...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569069/vasculogenic-mimicry-and-tumor-metastasis
#19
REVIEW
Jingxin Zhang, Lili Qiao, Ning Liang, Jian Xie, Hui Luo, Guodong Deng, Jiandong Zhang
Vasculogenic mimicry (VM), a microvascular channel made up of nonendothelial cells, has been accepted as a new model of neovascularization in aggressive tumors, owning to the specific capacity of malignant cells to form vessel-like networks which provide sufficient blood supply for tumor growth. Multiple molecular mechanisms, especially vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin, erythropoietin-producing hepatocellular receptor A2 (EphA2), phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase (PI3K), matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR1), and hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1a, have been reported to participate in VM formation which is associated with tumor migration and invasion...
May 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366084/function-of-aurka-protein-kinase-in-the-formation-of-vasculogenic-mimicry-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-stem-cells
#20
Ying Liu, Baocun Sun, Tieju Liu, Xiulan Zhao, Xudong Wang, Yanlei Li, Jie Meng, Qiang Gu, Fang Liu, Xueyi Dong, Peimei Liu, Ran Sun, Nan Zhao
Tumor cell vasculogenic mimicry (VM), a newly defined pattern of tumor blood supply, signifies the functional plasticity of aggressive cancer cells forming vascular networks. VM and cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been shown to be associated with tumor growth, local invasion, and distant metastasis. In our previous study, CSCs in triple-negative breast cancer were potential to participate in VM formation. In this study, breast CSCs were isolated from the triple-negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 by using mammosphere culture...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
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