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vascular mimicry

Lin Zhou, Yuan Chang, Le Xu, Son Tung Nguyen Hoang, Zheng Liu, Qiang Fu, Zongming Lin, Jiejie Xu
Vascular mimicry (VM) refers to the plasticity of aggressive cancer cells forming de novo vascular networks, which promoted tumor metastasis. The aim of this study was evaluate the impact of VM on recurrence-free survival (RFS) in urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB). Records from 202 patients treated with radical cystectomy (RC) for UCB at Zhongshan Hospital between 2002 and 2014 were reviewed. The presence of VM was identified by CD31-PAS double staining. Positive VM staining occurred in 19.3% (39 of 202) UCB cases, and it was associated with increased risks of recurrence (Log-Rank p<0...
October 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Amalia Vartanian, Maria Baryshnikova, Olga Burova, Dariya Afanasyeva, Vsevolod Misyurin, Alexander Belyаvsky, Zoya Shprakh
The increasing incidence of melanoma makes this cancer an important public health problem. Therapeutic resistance is still a major obstacle to the therapy of patients with metastatic melanomas. The aim of this study was to develop the melanoma cell line resistant to DNA-alkylating agents and to elucidate the mechanisms involved in acquired drug resistance. We established a unique melanoma subline Mel MeR resistant to DNA-alkylating drug aranoza by continuous stepwise selection of the Mel Me/WT cell line with increasing concentrations of this drug...
October 21, 2016: Melanoma Research
Marta Prieto-Vila, Ting Yan, Anna Sanchez Calle, Neha Nair, Laura Hurley, Tomonari Kasai, Hiroki Kakuta, Junko Masuda, Hiroshi Murakami, Akifumi Mizutani, Masaharu Seno
To grow beyond a size of approximately 1-2 mm(3), tumor cells activate many processes to develop blood vasculature. Growing evidences indicate that the formation of the tumor vascular network is very complex, and is not restricted to angiogenesis. Cancer cell-derived tumor vasculatures have been recently described. Among them, endothelial differentiation of tumor cells have been directly related to cancer stem cells, which are cells within a tumor that possess the capacity to self-renew, and to exhibit multipotential heterogeneous lineages of cancer cells...
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
Man Ying, Qing Shen, Changyou Zhan, Xiaoli Wei, Jie Gao, Cao Xie, Bingxin Yao, Weiyue Lu
Peptide ligands consisting of l-amino acids are subject to proteolysis in vivo. When modified on the surface of nanocarriers, those peptide ligands would readily degrade and the targeting efficacy is significantly attenuated. It has received increasing scrutiny to design stable peptide ligands for targeted drug delivery. Here, we present the design of a stable peptide ligand by the formation of a head-to-tail amide bond as an example. Even though the linear l-peptide A7R (termed (L)A7R) can bind specifically to vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) and neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) that are overexpressed on glioma cells, neovasculature and glioma vasculogenic mimicry (VM), the tumor-homing capacity of (L)A7R is greatly impaired in vivo due to proteolysis (e...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Jine Yang, Yang Lu, Ying-Ying Lin, Zhi-Yuan Zheng, Jian-Hong Fang, Shuai He, Shi-Mei Zhuang
Vascular mimicry (VM) describes the phenomenon that tumor cells but not endothelial cells form vascular-like channels, which provide blood perfusion for tumor tissues. VM is associated with tumor growth, metastasis and worse survival of different cancers. The mechanisms of VM formation remain largely unknown. We showed that the conditioned medium of cancer-associated fibroblast (CM-CAF) promoted tumor cells to form capillary-like structure in vitro. Consistently, co-implantation of CAFs with tumor cells significantly enhanced VM formation in mouse xenografts, and higher amount of CAFs was found in VM(+) human HCC tissues compared to VM(-) ones...
September 28, 2016: Cancer Letters
Ying Liu, Xin Wu, Yuan Gao, Jigang Zhang, Dandan Zhang, Shengying Gu, Guanhua Zhu, Gaolin Liu, Xiaoyu Li
Liver cancer is the fifth most commonly diagnosed malignancy, of which hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) represents the dominating histological subtype. Antiangiogenic therapy aimed at vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has shown promising but deficient clinical prospects on account of vasculogenic mimicry, a highly patterned vascular channel distinguished from the endothelium-dependent blood vessel, which may function as blood supply networks occurring in aggressive tumors including HCC. In this study, we used a new cationic peptide, disulfide cross-linked stearylated polyarginine peptide modified with histidine (H3R5), as a reducible vector, cell penetrating peptide-modified aptamer (ST21) with specific binding to HCC cells to conjugate to peptide H3R5 as the targeting probe, miRNA-195 (miR195) as a powerful gene drug to inhibit VEGF, and fasudil to suppress vasculogenic mimicry by blocking ROCK2, all of which were simultaneously encapsulated in the same nanoparticles...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Jingxin Zhang, Lili Qiao, Ning Liang, Jian Xie, Hui Luo, Guodong Deng, Jiandong Zhang
Vasculogenic mimicry (VM), a microvascular channel made up of nonendothelial cells, has been accepted as a new model of neovascularization in aggressive tumors, owning to the specific capacity of malignant cells to form vessel-like networks which provide sufficient blood supply for tumor growth. Multiple molecular mechanisms, especially vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin, erythropoietin-producing hepatocellular receptor A2 (EphA2), phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase (PI3K), matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR1), and hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1a, have been reported to participate in VM formation which is associated with tumor migration and invasion...
May 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Ying Liu, Baocun Sun, Tieju Liu, Xiulan Zhao, Xudong Wang, Yanlei Li, Jie Meng, Qiang Gu, Fang Liu, Xueyi Dong, Peimei Liu, Ran Sun, Nan Zhao
Tumor cell vasculogenic mimicry (VM), a newly defined pattern of tumor blood supply, signifies the functional plasticity of aggressive cancer cells forming vascular networks. VM and cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been shown to be associated with tumor growth, local invasion, and distant metastasis. In our previous study, CSCs in triple-negative breast cancer were potential to participate in VM formation. In this study, breast CSCs were isolated from the triple-negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 by using mammosphere culture...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Sainan Gao, Chao Fan, Hua Huang, Changlai Zhu, Min Su, Yuquan Zhang
Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of mortality due to gynecological malignancy, and vasculogenic mimicry (VM) formation is correlated with poor prognosis. In a previous study, the present authors observed that human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) could promote VM formation in three-dimensional OVCAR-3 cell cultures. In order to investigate whether HCG could promote VM formation in ovarian cancer in vivo, the role of OVCAR-3 cells overexpressing or depleted of chorionic gonadotropin, beta polypeptide 5 (CGB5, which is the fifth subunit of β-HCG and was identified as the key part of HCG) were injected into nude mice in the present study, while BeWo cells were used as a positive control...
July 2016: Oncology Letters
Min Su, Xiangxiang Xu, Weiwei Wei, Sainan Gao, Xiaoying Wang, Caoyi Chen, Yuquan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) can play a crucial role in angiogenesis. In the present study, we focused on hCG to gain insight into its potential effects on vasculogenic mimicry (VM) in ovarian cancer cells. METHODS: Ovarian cancer OVCAR-3 cells were incubated with different concentrations of recombinant hCG in 3-dimensional cultures. VM was identified by morphological observations and vascular endothelial cell marker detection in OVCAR-3 cells...
2016: Cancer Cell International
Xing-Gang Mao, Chao Wang, Dong-Ye Liu, Xiang Zhang, Liang Wang, Ming Yan, Wei Zhang, Jun Zhu, Zi-Chao Li, Chen Mi, Jing-Yang Tian, Guang-Dong Hou, Si-Yu Miao, Zi-Xuan Song, Jin-Cheng Li, Xiao-Yan Xue
Hypoxia contributes to the maintenance of stem-like cells in glioblastoma (GBM), and activates vascular mimicry and tumor resistance to anti-angiogenesis treatments. The present study examined the expression patterns and biological significance of hypoxia-inducible protein 2 (HIG2, also known as HILPDA) in GBM. HIG2 was highly expressed in gliomas and was correlated with tumor grade, and high HIG2 expression independently predicted poor GBM patient prognosis. HIG2 was upregulated during hypoxia and by hypoxia mimics, and HIG2 knockdown in GBM cells inhibited cell proliferation and invasion...
June 14, 2016: Oncotarget
Amalia Vartanian, Saida Karshieva, Vladislav Dombrovsky, Alexander Belyavsky
Accumulating evidence suggests that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are recruited to the tumor, and promote tumor development and growth. The present study was performed to investigate the communication between aggressive melanoma and MSCs in vasculogenic mimicry (VM). Normal human MSCs plated on Matrigel were unable to form capillary-like structures (CLSs). By contrast, MSCs co-cultured with aggressive melanoma cell lines, namely, Mel Cher, Mel Kor and Mel P, generated CLSs. Significantly, MSCs co-cultured with poorly aggressive melanoma cells, namely, Mel Me, failed to form CLSs...
June 2016: Oncology Letters
Pedro Barcellos-de-Souza, Giuseppina Comito, Coral Pons-Segura, Maria Letizia Taddei, Valentina Gori, Valentina Becherucci, Franco Bambi, Francesca Margheri, Anna Laurenzana, Mario Del Rosso, Paola Chiarugi
Tumor stromal cells can supply appropriate signals that may develop aggressive phenotypes of carcinoma cells and establish a complex scenario which culminates in metastasis. Recent works proposed that bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are recruited to primary tumors. However, the exact functions of these cells in the tumor microenvironment are not well characterized, as it is reported that MSC can either promote or inhibit tumor progression. In the present study, we aim at investigating the signaling molecules which regulate the interplay between MSC, prostate carcinoma (PCa) cells and two important cellular types constituting the tumor-associated stroma, macrophages and fibroblasts, during their progression towards malignancy...
June 14, 2016: Stem Cells
Dan Huang, Shuang Zhang, Ting Zhong, Wei Ren, Xin Yao, Yang Guo, Xiao-Chuan Duan, Yi-Fan Yin, Shu-Shi Zhang, Xuan Zhang
Like the anti-angiogenic strategy, anti-vascular mimicry is considered as a novel targeting strategy for glioma. In the present study, we used NGR as a targeting ligand and prepared NGR-modified liposomes containing combretastatin A4 (NGR-SSL-CA4) in order to evaluate their potential targeting of glioma tumor cells and vasculogenic mimicry (VM) formed by glioma cells as well as their anti-VM activity in mice with glioma tumor cells. NGR-SSL-CA4 was prepared by a thin-film hydration method. The in vitro targeting of U87-MG (human glioma tumor cells) by NGR-modified liposomes was evaluated...
June 7, 2016: Oncotarget
Lin Wang, Rui Zhou, Yang Zhao, Shaoting Dong, Jingwen Zhang, Yuhao Luo, Na Huang, Min Shi, Jianping Bin, Yulin Liao, Wangjun Liao
Endothelium-dependent angiogenesis is thought to be a crucial step in cancer progression. We previously reported that metastasis-associated in colon cancer-1 (MACC1) contributed to the vasculogenic mimicry in gastric cancer (GC), but it remains unknown whether MACC1 promotes endothelium-dependent angiogenesis of GC and whether TWIST1 is involved in this process. In the present study, we detected MACC1 expression and microvessel density (MVD) by immunohistochemistry in 159 patients with stage I-III GC, and investigated the role of TWIST1 and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) in MACC1-induced endothelium-dependent angiogenesis using nude mice with GC xenografts, and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) that were co-cultured with conditioned media from overexpression and interference MACC1 GC cells...
2016: PloS One
Lingli Yao, Danfang Zhang, Xiulan Zhao, Baocun Sun, Yanrong Liu, Qiang Gu, Yanhui Zhang, Xueming Zhao, Na Che, Yanjun Zheng, Fang Liu, Yong Wang, Jie Meng
To characterize the contributions of Dickkopf-1 (DKK1) towards the induction of vasculogenic mimicry (VM) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we evaluated cohorts of primary tumours, performed in vitro functional studies and generated xenograft mouse models. Vasculogenic mimicry was observed in 28 of 205 NSCLC tumours, while DKK1 was detected in 133 cases. Notably, DKK1 was positively associated with VM. Statistical analysis showed that VM and DKK1 were both related to aggressive clinical course and thus were indicators of a poor prognosis...
September 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Jun Shi, Ye Lu, Pinkang Wei
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Interleukin-8 (IL-8) as a pro-angiogenic factor is strongly associated with gastric cancer metastasis. Xiaotan Sanjie (XTSJ) decoction is an empirical compound prescription based on the phlegm theory of traditional Chinese medicine. Previous studies have shown that XTSJ decoction decreases IL-8 level and formation of vasculogenic mimicry of gastric cancer. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the link between Xiaotan Sanjie (XTSJ) decoction and IL-8 regulation in the angiogenesis of gastric cancer...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Man Ying, Qing Shen, Yu Liu, Zhiqiang Yan, Xiaoli Wei, Changyou Zhan, Jie Gao, Cao Xie, Bingxin Yao, Weiyue Lu
(L)A7R (ATWLPPR) is a heptapeptide with high binding affinity in vitro to vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) and neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) overexpressed on glioma, glioma vasculogenic mimicry and neovasculature. However, its tumor targeting efficacy is significantly reduced in vivo due to proteolysis in blood circulation. To improve the in vivo stability and targeting efficacy, the retro inverso isomer of (L)A7R ((D)A7R) was developed for glioma-targeted drug delivery. (D)A7R was expected to have a similar binding affinity to its receptors in vitro (VEGFR2 and NRP-1), which was experimentally confirmed...
June 1, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jia-Min Pang, Nicholas Jene, Stephen B Fox
Tumor neovascularization acquires their vessels through a number of processes including angiogenesis, vasculogenesis, vascular remodeling, intussusception, and possibly vascular mimicry in certain tumors. The end result of the tumor vasculature has been quantified by counting the number of immunohistochemically identified microvessels in areas of maximal vascularity, so-called hot spot. Other techniques have been developed such as Chalkley counting and the use of image analysis systems that are robust and reproducible as well as being more objective...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Andrew C Nelson, Arne W Mould, Elizabeth K Bikoff, Elizabeth J Robertson
Growth and survival of the mammalian embryo within the uterine environment depends on the placenta, a highly complex vascularized organ comprised of both maternal and foetal tissues. Recent experiments demonstrate that the zinc finger transcriptional repressor Prdm1/Blimp1 is essential for specification of spiral artery trophoblast giant cells (SpA-TGCs) that invade and remodel maternal blood vessels. To learn more about functional contributions made by Blimp1+ cell lineages here we perform the first single-cell RNA-seq analysis of the placenta...
2016: Nature Communications
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