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vascular mimicry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918059/regulatory-role-of-the-microrna-29b-il-6-signaling-in-the-formation-of-vascular-mimicry
#1
Jian-Hong Fang, Zhi-Yuan Zheng, Jin-Yu Liu, Chen Xie, Zi-Jun Zhang, Shi-Mei Zhuang
Vascular mimicry (VM) is a critical complement for microcirculation and is implicated in tumor progression. We showed that IL-6 derived from tumor cells and stroma cells promoted tumor cells to form a VM structure, whereas blocking the IL-6 signaling by RNA interference, IL-6-neutralizing antibody, or STAT3 inhibitor suppressed the VM formation of tumor cells. Mechanism investigations revealed that IL-6 stimulated VM formation by activating STAT3, in turn upregulating VE-cadherin expression and MMP2 activity...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915600/tumor-vasculogenic-mimicry-formation-as-an-unfavorable-prognostic-indicator-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#2
Yanwei Shen, Jianfeng Quan, Mengying Wang, Shuting Li, Jiao Yang, Meng Lv, Zheling Chen, Lingxiao Zhang, Xiaoai Zhao, Jin Yang
Vasculogenic mimicry (VM), a newly defined pattern of tumor blood perfusion, describes the functional plasticity of aggressive tumor cells forming de novo vascular networks and is associated with the cancer progression and metastasis. However, the VM-positive rate and the impact of VM status on breast cancer patients' clinicopathological parameters and prognosis remain unclear. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis by incorporating all available evidence to clarify these issues. Eight studies that involved 1,238 breast cancer patients were eligible for inclusion in our study...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868282/growth-of-uveal-melanoma-following-intravitreal-bevacizumab
#3
Jasmine H Francis, Jonathan Kim, Amy Lin, Robert Folberg, Saipriya Iyer, David H Abramson
PURPOSE: Typically treatment of large melanomas (by Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study criteria) is restricted to enucleation, due to size constraints for plaque brachytherapy. Because primary and metastatic uveal melanoma cells are inhibited by bevacizumab (an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor), this prospective study evaluated the impact of intravitreal bevacizumab on large uveal melanomas that were destined for enucleation. Size reduction by bevacizumab would potentially salvage these eyes by making them eligible for treatment with plaque brachytherapy...
July 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859026/reexpression-of-prior-stroke-symptoms-in-adults-when-is-a-mimic-a-mimic
#4
James E Siegler, Alexander J George, Sheryl Martin-Schild
A "stroke mimic" refers to any clinical condition that causes neurological symptoms clinically indistinguishable from a cerebral lesion that affects a vascular distribution, but is not caused by ischemia. One subtype of stroke mimic, termed stroke reexpression, is a form of mimicry in which previously recovered or improved stroke symptoms recur in the setting of a neurological disturbance (seizure, hypoperfusion state) or a systemic disturbance (toxic, metabolic, infectious). Many reports of stroke reexpression exist in the literature and are well known to clinicians, but there has been no consensus regarding terminology that has been published to date...
September 2017: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842255/cyclin-dependent-kinase-5-controls-vasculogenic-mimicry-formation-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-via-the-fak-akt-signaling-pathway
#5
Xiaoshu Zhou, Runxia Gu, Xiaoming Han, Gang Wu, Junli Liu
Vasculogenic mimicry (VM), an endothelial-independent tumor vascularization phenomenon representing functional tumor plasticity, might be the culprit behind the poor clinical outcome in classic antiangiogenesis treatment. However, the mechanism underlying VM needs to be elucidated. Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) has been recognized as a key factor in regulating migration and neuronal plasticity. Recently, CDK5 was associated with tumor migration and invasion and its expression levels correlated with poor clinical prognosis, indicating its important role in tumor cell plasticity...
August 24, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837676/alk-signaling-cascade-confers-multiple-advantages-to-glioblastoma-cells-through-neovascularization-and-cell-proliferation
#6
Risako Chiba, Masashi Akiya, Miki Hashimura, Yasuko Oguri, Madoka Inukai, Atsuko Hara, Makoto Saegusa
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), which is a receptor tyrosine kinase, is essentially and transiently expressed in the developing nervous system. Here we examined the functional role of the ALK gene in glioblastomas (GBMs). In clinical samples of GBMs, high ALK expression without gene rearrangements or mutations was frequently observed in perivascular lesions, in contrast to the relatively low expression in the perinecrotic areas, which was positively correlated with N-myc and phosphorylated (p) Stat3 scores and Ki-67 labeling indices...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812437/autophagy-induced-kdr-vegfr-2-activation-promotes-the-formation-of-vasculogenic-mimicry-by-glioma-stem-cells
#7
Hai-Bo Wu, Shuai Yang, Hai-Yan Weng, Qian Chen, Xi-Long Zhao, Wen-Juan Fu, Qin Niu, Yi-Fang Ping, Ji Ming Wang, Xia Zhang, Xiao-Hong Yao, Xiu-Wu Bian
Antiangiogenesis with bevacizumab, an antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), has been used for devascularization to limit the growth of malignant glioma. However, the benefits are transient due to elusive mechanisms underlying resistance to the antiangiogenic therapy. Glioma stem cells (GSCs) are capable of forming vasculogenic mimicry (VM), an alternative microvascular circulation independent of VEGF-driven angiogenesis. Herein, we report that the formation of VM was promoted by bevacizumab-induced macroautophagy/autophagy in GSCs, which was associated with tumor resistance to antiangiogenic therapy...
August 16, 2017: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762232/morphofunctional-basis-of-the-different-types-of-angiogenesis-and-formation-of-postnatal-angiogenesis-related-secondary-structures
#8
REVIEW
L Díaz-Flores, R Gutiérrez, M P García-Suárez, F J Sáez, E Gutiérrez, F Valladares, J L Carrasco, L Díaz-Flores, J F Madrid
We review the morpho-functional basis of the different types of angiogenesis and report our observations, including the formation of angiogenesis-related secondary structures. First of all, we consider the following issues: a) conceptual differences between angiogenesis and vasculogenesis, b) incidence of angiogenesis in pre- and postnatal life, c) regions of vascular tree with angiogenic capacity, d) cells (endothelial cells, pericytes, CD34+ adventitial stromal cells of the microvasculature and inflammatory cells) and extracellular matrix components involved in angiogenesis, e) events associated with angiogenesis, f) different types of angiogenesis, including sprouting and intussusceptive angiogenesis, and other angiogenic or vascularization forms arising from endothelial precursor cells (postnatal vasculogenesis), vasculogenesis mimicry, vessel co-option and piecemeal angiogenesis...
August 1, 2017: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743828/tm4sf5-promotes-metastatic-behavior-of-cells-in-3d-extracellular-matrix-gels-by-reducing-dependency-on-environmental-cues
#9
Dae-Geun Song, Gyu-Ho Lee, Seo Hee Nam, Jin-Gyu Cheong, Doyoung Jeong, Seo-Jin Lee, Cheol-Ho Pan, Jae Woo Jung, Hye-Jin Kim, Jihye Ryu, Ji Eon Kim, Somi Kim, Chang Yun Cho, Min-Kyung Kang, Kyung-Min Lee, Jung Weon Lee
Transmembrane 4 L six family member 5 (TM4SF5) is highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and enhances migration in two-dimensional environments. Here, we investigated how TM4SF5 is involved in diverse pro-metastatic phenotypes in in vivo-like three-dimensional (3D) extracellular matrix gels. TM4SF5-positive cells aggressively formed invasive foci in 3D Matrigel, depending on TM4SF5-mediated signaling activity, cytoskeletal organization, and matrix metallopeptidase (MMP) 2-mediated extracellular remodeling, whereas TM4SF5-null cells did not...
May 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700345/platelet-derived-growth-factor-c-promotes-human-melanoma-aggressiveness-through-activation-of-neuropilin-1
#10
Federica Ruffini, Lauretta Levati, Grazia Graziani, Simona Caporali, Maria Grazia Atzori, Stefania D'Atri, Pedro M Lacal
Despite recent progress in advanced melanoma therapy, identification of signalling pathways involved in melanoma switch from proliferative to invasive states is still crucial to uncover new therapeutic targets for improving the outcome of metastatic disease. Neuropilin-1 (NRP-1), a co-receptor for vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) tyrosine kinase receptors (VEGFRs), has been suggested to play a relevant role in melanoma progression. NRP-1 can be activated by VEGF-A also in the absence of VEGFRs, triggering specific signal transduction pathways (e...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668763/vascular-mimicry-a-novel-neovascularization-mechanism-driving-anti-angiogenic-therapy-aat-resistance-in-glioblastoma
#11
REVIEW
Kartik Angara, Thaiz F Borin, Ali S Arbab
Glioblastoma (GBM) is a hypervascular neoplasia of the central nervous system with an extremely high rate of mortality. Owing to its hypervascularity, anti-angiogenic therapies (AAT) have been used as an adjuvant to the traditional surgical resection, chemotherapy, and radiation. The benefits of AAT have been transient and the tumors were shown to relapse faster and demonstrated particularly high rates of AAT therapy resistance. Alternative neovascularization mechanisms were shown to be at work in these resilient tumors to counter the AAT therapy insult...
August 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666273/macrophage-migration-inhibitory-factor-promotes-vasculogenic-mimicry-formation-induced-by-hypoxia-via-cxcr4-akt-emt-pathway-in-human-glioblastoma-cells
#12
Xing Guo, Shugang Xu, Xiao Gao, Jian Wang, Hao Xue, Zihang Chen, Jinsen Zhang, Xiaofan Guo, Mingyu Qian, Wei Qiu, Gang Li
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is over-expressed and secreted in various cancer cells in particular in response to hypoxia. Recent studies have shown that, under hypoxic conditions, glioblastoma (GBM) cells display the ability to drive blood-perfused vasculogenic mimicry (VM). The aim of this study was to investigate the underlying mechanism of MIF in the regulation of hypoxia-induced VM in GBM cells. By analyzing clinical specimens, we observed the co-localization of MIF, C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and VM in hypoxic regions of gliomas...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610419/gene-expression-profiling-of-chemokines-and-their-receptors-in-low-and-high-grade-astrocytoma
#13
Ira Sharma, Avninder Singh, Karam Chand Sharma, Sunita Saxena
Background: Despite intense interest in molecular characterization and searches for novel therapeutic targets, the glioblastoma remains a formidable clinical challenge. Among many contributors to gliomagenesis, chemokines have drawn special attention due to their involvement in a plethora of biological processes and pathological conditions. In the present study we aimed to elucidate any pro-gliomagenic chemokine axis and probable roles in development of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Method: An array of 84 chemokines, chemokine receptors and related genes were studied by real time PCR with comparison between low grade astrocytoma (diffuse astrocytoma – grade II) and high grade astrocytoma (glioblastoma multiforme – grade IV)...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599281/hif-2%C3%AE-promotes-the-formation-of-vasculogenic-mimicry-in-pancreatic-cancer-by-regulating-the-binding-of-twist1-to-the-ve-cadherin-promoter
#14
Jian Yang, Dong-Ming Zhu, Xiao-Gang Zhou, Ni Yin, Yi Zhang, Zi-Xiang Zhang, De-Chun Li, Jian Zhou
Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) is a blood supply modality that occurs independently of endothelial cell angiogenesis. Hypoxia and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) induce VM formation by remodeling the extracellular matrix. Our previous study demonstrated that hypoxia-inducible factor-2 alpha (HIF-2α) promotes the progress of EMT in pancreatic cancer; however, whether HIF-2α promotes VM formation in pancreatic cancer remains unknown. In this study, we investigated HIF-2α expression and VM by immunohistochemistry in 70 pancreatic cancer patients as well as the role of Twist1and Twist2 in HIF-2α-induced VM in vitro and in vivo...
July 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534973/role-of-x%C3%A2-linked-inhibitor-of-apoptosis%C3%A2-associated-factor%C3%A2-1-in-vasculogenic-mimicry-in-ovarian-cancer
#15
Yunxia Wang, Peishu Liu, Xietong Wang, Hongluan Mao
X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis‑associated factor 1 (XAF1) was identified as a novel X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) binding partner that may reverse the anti‑apoptotic effect of XIAP. Previous studies have revealed that XAF1 serves an important role in cancer angiogenesis. Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) describes the formation of fluid‑conducting channels by highly invasive and genetically dysregulated tumor cells. VM is critical for tumor blood supply and is associated with aggressive actions and metastasis...
July 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520518/arrested-development-infantile-hemangioma-and-the-stem-cell-teratogenic-hypothesis
#16
Shaghayegh Harbi, Hannah Park, Michael Gregory, Peter Lopez, Luis Chiriboga, Paolo Mignatti
BACKGROUND: Early-life programming is defined by the adaptive changes made by the fetus in response to an adverse in utero environment. Infantile hemangioma (IH), a vascular anomaly, is the most common tumor of infancy. Here we take IH as the tumor model to propose the stem cell teratogenic hypothesis of tumorigenesis and the potential involvement of the immune system. OBJECTIVES: Teratogenic agents include chemicals, heavy metals, pathogens, and ionizing radiation...
June 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468595/sflt-1-inhibits-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-of-colorectal-cancer-sw480-cells-through-vascular-mimicry-formation-suppression
#17
Wang Jinjun, Wang Zhaowei, Li Qiang, Xue Zhijun, Zhang Juanzi, Li Lin, Jiang Guixi
To investigate the effects of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 on the vascular mimicry formation, proliferation, migration, and invasion of colorectal cancer SW480 cells. The recombinant plasmid pBLAST49-sFLT-1 or pBLAST49 control plasmid was transfected into SW480 cells to obtain hsFLT-1-SW480 or Ctrl-SW480 cells. The three-dimensional model culture, sulforhodamine B assay, scratch assay, and Transwell assay were performed to detect the vascular mimicry formation, proliferation, migration, and invasion of colorectal cancer SW480 cells, respectively...
May 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446724/tumor-vasculogenic-mimicry-formation-as-an-unfavorable-prognostic-indicator-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#18
Yanwei Shen, Jianfeng Quan, Mengying Wang, Shuting Li, Jiao Yang, Meng Lv, Zheling Chen, Lingxiao Zhang, Xiaoai Zhao, Jin Yang
Vasculogenic mimicry (VM), a newly defined pattern of tumor blood perfusion, describes the functional plasticity of aggressive tumor cells forming de novo vascular networks and is associated with the cancer progression and metastasis. However, the VM-positive rate and the impact of VM status on breast cancer patients' clinicopathological parameters and prognosis remain unclear. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis by incorporating all available evidence to clarify these issues. Eight studies that involved 1,238 breast cancer patients were eligible for inclusion in our study...
April 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396577/microrna-27b-functions-as-a-new-inhibitor-of-ovarian-cancer-mediated-vasculogenic-mimicry-through-suppression-of-ve-cadherin-expression
#19
Wenming Liu, Chunping Lv, Bin Zhang, Quansheng Zhou, Zhifei Cao
Aggressive cancer cells gain robust tumor vascular mimicry (VM) capability that promotes tumor growth and metastasis. VE-cadherin is aberrantly overexpressed in vasculogenic cancer cells and regarded as a master gene of tumor VM. Although microRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in modulating tumor angiogenesis and cancer metastasis, the miRNA that targets VE-cadherin expression in cancer cells to inhibit tumor cell-mediated VM is enigmatic. In this study, we found that miR-27b levels are negatively co-related to VE-cadherin expression in ovarian cancer cells and tumor cell-mediated VM, and demonstrated that miR-27b could bind to the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of VE-cadherin mRNA...
July 2017: RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364113/-research-progress-in-vasculogenic-mimicry-in-%C3%A2-multiple-tumors
#20
Ju Bai, Zhijie Xu, Chaoliang Liao, Lifang Yang
Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) is a brand-new tumor vascular pattern with the ability to form vessel-like networks without participation of endothelial cells and independent on angiogenesis. It can provide adequate blood supply for tumor growth. The formation of VM involves multiple molecule mechanisms and signal pathways, including cancer stem cell and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. As a unique blood-supply pattern, VM is associated with cancer invasion, metastasis and poor prognosis. Because of its important role in cancer progression, VM will become a new target for therapy of cancers...
March 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
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