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Lung ultrasound in critically ill patient

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443595/evaluation-of-the-diagnostic-role-of-bedside-lung-ultrasonography-in-patients-with-suspected-pulmonary-embolism-in-the-emergency-department
#1
Hüseyin Acar, Serkan Yılmaz, Elif Yaka, Nurettin Özgür Doğan, Asım Enes Özbek, Murat Pekdemir
BACKGROUND: Despite the existence of detailed consensus guidelines, challenges continue to exist regarding efficient, appropriate and safe imaging methods for the diagnosis of suspected pulmonary embolism. AIMS: This study was conducted to investigate the role of wedge sign, B-lines and pleural effusion seen on bedside lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. STUDY DESIGN: Diagnostic accuracy study. METHODS: During the first evaluation of patients with suspected pulmonary embolism, bedside lung ultrasound was performed, and the B-lines, wedge sign, and pleural effusion were investigated...
April 6, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276672/current-adoption-of-lung-ultrasound-in-intensive-care-units-an-italian-multi-centre-survey
#2
Italo Calamai, Massimiliano Greco, Guido Bertolini, Rosario Spina
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a useful tool for assessing lung status in critically ill patients, but is not widely applied in intensive care units (ICUs). The aim of this study was to investigate the use of LUS in Italian ICUs. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to 116 ICU representatives belonging to the Italian GiViTI network, participating in a national project on continuous quality of care assessment. The answers to the questionnaire were analysed with the data collected in the course of said project...
March 7, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217076/lung-ultrasound-versus-chest-radiography-for-the-diagnosis-of-pneumothorax-in-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-single-blind-study
#3
Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178063/detecting-pulmonary-edema-in-obstetric-patients-through-point-of-care-lung-ultrasonography
#4
Sarah Pachtman, Seth Koenig, Natalie Meirowitz
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care lung ultrasonography is used in critical care settings for evaluating respiratory symptoms. Lung ultrasonography is sensitive and specific for the diagnosis of pulmonary edema in nonpregnant patients but is not well-studied in pregnancy. TECHNIQUE: Lung ultrasonography was performed using a portable ultrasound machine with a 2- to 5-MHz curvilinear probe that is available on many labor and delivery units. EXPERIENCE: Lung ultrasonography guided management decisions in a case of shortness of breath after induction of labor for preeclampsia and a case of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count syndrome complicated by pulmonary edema...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828799/a-pilot-assessment-of-3-point-of-care-strategies-for-diagnosis-of-perioperative-lung-pathology
#5
John W Ford, Johan Heiberg, Anthony P Brennan, Colin F Royse, David J Canty, Doa El-Ansary, Alistair G Royse
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasonography is superior to clinical examination and chest X-ray (CXR) in diagnosis of acute respiratory pathology in the emergency and critical care setting and after cardiothoracic surgery in intensive care. Lung ultrasound may be useful before cardiothoracic surgery and after discharge from intensive care, but the proportion of significant respiratory pathology in this setting is unknown and may be too low to justify its routine use. The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of clinically significant respiratory pathology detectable with CXR, clinical examination, and lung ultrasound in patients on the ward before and after cardiothoracic surgery...
March 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784331/lung-ultrasound-a-promising-tool-to-monitor-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-critically-ill-patients
#6
REVIEW
Guyi Wang, Xiaoying Ji, Yongshan Xu, Xudong Xiang
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most frequent intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired infection that is independently associated with mortality. Accurate diagnosis and timely treatment have been shown to improve the prognosis of VAP. Chest X-ray or computed tomography imaging are used for conventional assessment of VAP, but these methods are impractical for real-time measurement in critical patients. Therefore, lung ultrasound (LUS) has been increasingly used for the assessment of VAP in the ICU. Traditionally, LUS has seemed unsuitable for the detection of lung parenchyma owing to the high acoustic impedance of air; however, the fact that the reflection and reverberation in the detection region of the ultrasound reflect the underlying pathology of lung diseases has led to the increased use of ultrasound imaging as a standard of care supported by evidence-based and expert consensus in the ICU...
October 27, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716692/comparison-between-marked-versus-unmarked-introducer-needle-in-real-time-ultrasound-guided-central-vein-cannulation-a-prospective-randomized-study
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tanmoy Ghatak, Ratender Kumar Singh, Arvind Kumar Baronia
INTRODUCTION: Introducer needle tip is not clearly visible during the real-time ultrasound (US)-guided central vein cannulation (CVC). Blind tip leads to mechanical complications. This study was designed to evaluate whether real-time US-guided CVC with a marked introducer needle is superior to the existing unmarked needle. METHODOLOGY: Sixty-two critically ill patients aged 18-60 years of either sex were included in the study. The patients were randomized into two groups based on whether a marked or unmarked introducer needle was used...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680806/e5-lung-ultrasound-and-echocardiography-for-peripartum-haemodynamic-monitoring-of-patients-with-severe-preeclampsia
#8
J Ambrozic, K Prokselj, M Lucovnik
INTRODUCTION: The ability to judge intravascular volume is fundamental in the management of patients with severe preeclampsia. Insufficient intravascular volume can result in decreased oxygen delivery to tissues and exacerbates organ dysfunction. On the other hand, fluid excesses can lead to fluid extravasation and pulmonary edema. Outside of pregnancy, transthoracic echocardiography and lung ultrasonography have become important diagnostic and monitoring tools in critically ill patients...
August 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625474/intraoperative-lung-ultrasound-a-clinicodynamic-perspective
#9
REVIEW
Amit Kumar Mittal, Namrata Gupta
In the era of evidence-based medicine, ultrasonography has emerged as an important and indispensable tool in clinical practice in various specialties including critical care. Lung ultrasound (LUS) has a wide potential in various surgical and clinical situations for timely and easy detection of an impending crisis such as pulmonary edema, endobronchial tube migration, pneumothorax, atelectasis, pleural effusion, and various other causes of desaturation before it clinically ensues to critical level. Although ultrasonography is frequently used in nerve blocks, airway handling, and vascular access, LUS for routine intraoperative monitoring and in crisis management still necessitates recognition...
July 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604617/12th-winfocus-world-congress-on-ultrasound-in-emergency-and-critical-care
#10
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592289/echocardiography-as-a-guide-for-fluid-management
#11
REVIEW
John H Boyd, Demetrios Sirounis, Julien Maizel, Michel Slama
BACKGROUND: In critically ill patients at risk for organ failure, the administration of intravenous fluids has equal chances of resulting in benefit or harm. While the intent of intravenous fluid is to increase cardiac output and oxygen delivery, unwelcome results in those patients who do not increase their cardiac output are tissue edema, hypoxemia, and excess mortality. Here we briefly review bedside methods to assess fluid responsiveness, focusing upon the strengths and pitfalls of echocardiography in spontaneously breathing mechanically ventilated patients as a means to guide fluid management...
September 4, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496218/high-variability-in-the-reported-management-of-hepatic-veno-occlusive-disease-in-children-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#12
Micah A Skeens, Jennifer McArthur, Ira M Cheifetz, Christine Duncan, Adrienne G Randolph, Joseph Stanek, Leslie Lehman, Rajinder Bajwa
Veno-occlusive disease (VOD) is a potentially fatal complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Patients with VOD are often critically ill and require close collaboration between transplant physicians and intensivists. We surveyed members of a consortium of pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and transplant physicians to assess variability in the self-reported approach to the diagnosis and management of VOD. An internet-based self-administered survey was sent to pediatric HSCT and PICU providers from September 2014 to February 2015...
October 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487913/bedside-ultrasound-for-tracheal-tube-verification-in-pediatric-emergency-department-and-icu-patients-a-systematic-review
#13
Margaret J Lin, Kiersten Gurley, Beatrice Hoffmann
OBJECTIVES: Improper placement of the tracheal tube during intubation can lead to dangerous complications, and bedside ultrasound has been proposed as a method of quickly and accurately identifying tube placement. Recent studies in adults have found it to be accurate, but its applicability in pediatric patients is unclear. This systematic review aims to describe the current available data on the accuracy and feasibility of bedside ultrasound for tracheal tube placement in children. DATA SOURCES: OVID MEDLINE and EMBASE...
October 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445558/lung-ultrasound-diagnostic-accuracy-in-neonatal-pneumothorax
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Luigi Cattarossi, Roberto Copetti, Giacomo Brusa, Stefano Pintaldi
Background. Pneumothorax (PTX) still remains a common cause of morbidity in critically ill and ventilated neonates. At the present time, lung ultrasound (LUS) is not included in the diagnostic work-up of PTX in newborns despite of excellent evidence of reliability in adults. The aim of this study was to compare LUS, chest X-ray (CXR), and chest transillumination (CTR) for PTX diagnosis in a group of neonates in which the presence of air in the pleural space was confirmed. Methods. In a 36-month period, 49 neonates with respiratory distress were enrolled in the study...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375379/lung-ultrasound-versus-chest-radiography-for-the-diagnosis-of-pneumothorax-in-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-single-blind-study
#15
W Abdalla, M Elgendy, A A Abdelaziz, M A Ammar
BACKGROUND: Radiologic data remains the gold standard for the diagnosis of pneumothorax (PTX). The use of ultrasonography (US) has recently emerged as the method of choice with physicians who can perform bedside US. PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of lung US against bedside chest radiography (CR) for the detection of PTX using thoracic computed tomography (CT) as the gold standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective, single-blind study on 192 critically ill patients; each patient received lung US examination, bedside CR, followed by thoracic CT scan searching for PTX...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335184/-quantitative-evaluation-proposal-of-a-ultrasonographic-protocol-for-weaning-from-mechanichal-ventilation
#16
Ángel Augusto Pérez-Calatayud, Raúl Carrillo-Esper, Emilio Arch-Tirado
INTRODUCTION: Mechanical ventilation is a therapy for vital support used in a significant proportion of critically ill patients. The right time to successfully discontinue this therapy is a challenge for the intensive care specialist. For this reason it is still a subject for research. The echocardiographic evaluation of the diastolic dysfunction, the diaphragm, and the lung have become an invaluable tool for weaning from mechanical ventilation protocols, especially in patients with difficult or prolonged weaning from mechanical ventilation...
May 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316915/french-intensive-care-society-international-congress-r%C3%A3-animation-2016
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312683/lung-ultrasound-utility-in-the-management-of-the-neurologically-deceased-organ-donor
#18
Daniel J Lebovitz, Matthew Tabbut, Samir Q Latifi, Lynn Dezelon, Robert Jones
CONTEXT: Lung transplantation is limited by donor lung availability with ∼20% of deceased donor lungs transplanted. Diagnostic testing identifying pulmonary derangements guide donor management strategies to maximize lung transplantation. Lung ultrasound (LUS) identifies pathology in critically ill patients equivalent or superior to chest radiograph (CXR) or computed tomography (CT) scans. No published studies have reported on LUS in neurologically deceased donors (DNDDs). OBJECTIVE: We evaluated LUS in identifying abnormal lung pathology in DNDDs and related these findings to the standard approach...
September 2016: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27242110/bedside-lung-ultrasound-mobile-radiography-and-physical-examination-a-comparative-analysis-of-diagnostic-tools-in-the-critically-ill
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Andrew J Inglis, Marek Nalos, Kwan-Hing Sue, Jan Hruby, Daniel M Campbell, Rachel M Braham, Sam R Orde
OBJECTIVE: To compare lung ultrasonography (LUS), chest xray (CXR) and physical examination (Ex) for the detection of pathological abnormalities in the lungs of critically ill patients. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A prospective cohort study of 145 patients in the intensive care unit of a tertiary teaching hospital who were undergoing echocardiography for a clinical indication. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Each patient was independently assessed by Ex, CXR and LUS on the same day...
June 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189678/lung-ultrasound-for-diagnosing-pneumothorax-in-the-critically-ill-neonate
#20
Francesco Raimondi, Javier Rodriguez Fanjul, Salvatore Aversa, Gaetano Chirico, Nadya Yousef, Daniele De Luca, Iuri Corsini, Carlo Dani, Lidia Grappone, Luigi Orfeo, Fiorella Migliaro, Gianfranco Vallone, Letizia Capasso
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the accuracy of lung ultrasound for the diagnosis of pneumothorax in the sudden decompensating patient. STUDY DESIGN: In an international, prospective study, sudden decompensation was defined as a prolonged significant desaturation (oxygen saturation <65% for more than 40 seconds) and bradycardia or sudden increase of oxygen requirement by at least 50% in less than 10 minutes with a final fraction of inspired oxygen ≥0.7 to keep stable saturations...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
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