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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434698/effect-of-clostridium-butyricum-supplementation-on-the-development-of-intestinal-flora-and-the-immune-system-of-neonatal-mice
#1
Rui-Xue Miao, Xin-Xin Zhu, Chao-Min Wan, Zhi-Ling Wang, Yang Wen, Yi-Yuan Li
The objective of the present study was to examine whether Clostridium butyricum supplementation has a role in the regulation of the intestinal flora and the development of the immune system of neonatal mice. A total of 30 pregnant BALB/c mice, including their offspring, were randomly divided into three groups: In the maternal intervention group (Ba), maternal mice were treated with Clostridium butyricum from birth until weaning at postnatal day 21 (PD21) followed by administration of saline to the offspring at PD21-28; in the offspring intervention group (Ab), breast-feeding maternal mice were supplemented with saline and offspring were directly supplemented with Clostridium butyricum from PD21-28; in the both maternal and offspring intervention group (Bb), both maternal mice and offspring were supplemented with Clostridium butyricum at PD 0-21 and at PD21-28...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426724/factors-affecting-the-outcome-of-adenoidectomy-in-children-treated-for-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion
#2
Sarantis Blioskas, Petros Karkos, George Psillas, Stamatia Dova, Marios Stavrakas, Konstantinos Markou
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cohort was to determine potential risk factors, concerning the effectiveness of adenoidectomy in the treatment of chronic otitis media with effusion in children. METHODS: Ninety six children with chronic otitis media with effusion treated with adenoidectomy were enrolled in this study. A thorough medical history was taken, including family history of otologic disease, parental smoking habits and breast feeding history. Radiographic palatal airway size was measured preoperatively, whereas the presence of allergy was also investigated...
February 6, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426615/low-childhood-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-levels-and-subsequent-risk-for-chronic-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#3
Markku Voutilainen, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Päivi Tossavainen, Taina Sipponen, Niina Pitkänen, Tomi Laitinen, Eero Jokinen, Tapani Rönnemaa, Jorma S A Viikari, Olli T Raitakari, Markus Juonala
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several genetic and environmental risk factors have been linked to chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The incidence of IBD has significantly increased in developed countries during last decades. The aim of the present study was to examine childhood risk factors for subsequent IBD diagnosis in a longitudinal cohort study of children and adolescents. METHODS: A Finnish study population consisting of 3551 children and adolescents originally evaluated as part of the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns study in 1980...
January 31, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415674/observations-on-the-health-of-infants-at-a-time-of-rapid-societal-change-a-longitudinal-study-from-birth-to-fifteen-months-in-abu-dhabi
#4
Hazel Gardner, Katherine Green, Andrew S Gardner, Donna Geddes
BACKGROUND: Rapid economic and cultural transition in the United Arab Emirates has been accompanied by a rise in chronic disease. Early childhood is known to affect health outcomes in adulthood. This prospective longitudinal study examined the general health of Emirati infants born in a government maternity hospital in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi in October 2002. METHODS: One hundred twenty-five women, who had recently given birth, were interviewed as part of a larger study encompassing a wide range of cultural, social, and behavioural aspects of health...
February 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414292/uncovering-the-link-between-reproductive-factors-and-multiple-sclerosis-a-case-control-study-on-iranian-females
#5
Fatemeh Salehi, Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Amir-Hossein Memari, Maryam Rahnama, Mohammad Ali Mansournia
BACKGROUND: Increase of MS prevalence in females compared to males, especially in reproductive age, highlights the important role of reproductive factors in MS pathology. OBJECTIVES: We examined the association between females' reproductive age-related factors and MS risk. METHODS: A case-control study including 399 cases and 541 controls was carried out. The adjusted associations between MS risk and reproductive variables including age at menarche, oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) use history, OCP usage duration and age at first use, history of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) use, parity history, age at first childbirth and the number of parities, abortion and exclusive breast feeding > 2 months were assessed...
January 29, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411149/pharmacological-treatment-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#6
REVIEW
Asher Ornoy
INTRODUCTION: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral problem found in 2-5% of adults. Stimulants and drugs that affect the dopaminergic, noradrenergic and/or serotonergic systems are effective treatment and are increasingly prescribed to women at child bearing age. It is consequently important that reliable information on the safety of these drugs in pregnancy is available so that appropriate therapeutic choices can be made. RESULTS: The data on stimulants (methylphenidate and amphetamines) are generally showing that there is no increase in the rate of major congenital anomalies...
February 6, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401303/contribution-of-breastfeeding-to-false-positive-saliva-pcr-for-newborn-congenital-cytomegalovirus-screening
#7
Shannon A Ross, Marian G Michaels, Amina Ahmed, April L Palmer, Pablo J Sánchez, David I Bernstein, Kristina Feja, Audra Stewart, Suresh B Boppana, Karen B Fowler
Real time PCR of saliva is highly sensitive for newborn congenital CMV screening. This study utilizes nationally published CMV seroprevalence and breastfeeding rates to estimate the contribution of CMV DNA in breast milk to false-positive saliva PCR results. The false positive rates adjusted for breast feeding ranged from 0.03% in white Hispanics to 0.14% in white non-Hispanics. Saliva CMV PCR for newborn screening is highly sensitive and the low false positive rates in this study suggest that saliva PCR results are unlikely to be significantly influenced by breastfeeding or other perinatal exposures...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386728/complete-coverage-and-covering-completely-breast-feeding-and-complementary-feeding-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-mothers
#8
Sunil Jain, R K Thapar, R K Gupta
Background: Knowing current trends for timely comprehensive action for health promotion practices is an important prerequisite for medical practitioners and policy makers. Methods: A survey of mothers at a Tertiary Care Hospital in central India. Results: On the knowledge front >83.75% of the mothers studied showed good knowledge about breastfeeding and complementary feeding. Similar, but not as encouraging, were the results about attitude, with 76...
January 2018: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386081/chinese-women-s-experiences-emotions-and-expectations-of-breast-feeding-in-public-a-qualitative-study
#9
Ya Zhao, Yan-Qiong Ouyang, Sharon R Redding
OBJECTIVE: To explore Chinese mothers' experiences, emotions and expectations of breast-feeding in public places. DESIGN: Exploratory qualitative study. Purposive sampling was used to recruit participants and face-to-face interviews were conducted. Themes were identified by content analysis. SETTING: Two different geographical communities in Wuhan, Hubei Province, central China, March-May 2016. SUBJECTS: A total of twenty-seven mothers aged 23-33 years, who had one child under 3 years of age and had experience of breast-feeding in public places...
February 1, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378053/lutein-is-differentially-deposited-across-brain-regions-following-formula-or-breast-feeding-of-infant-rhesus-macaques
#10
Sookyoung Jeon, Katherine M Ranard, Martha Neuringer, Emily E Johnson, Lauren Renner, Matthew J Kuchan, Suzette L Pereira, Elizabeth J Johnson, John W Erdman
Background: Lutein, a yellow xanthophyll, selectively accumulates in primate retina and brain. Lutein may play a critical role in neural and retinal development, but few studies have investigated the impact of dietary source on its bioaccumulation in infants. Objective: We explored the bioaccumulation of lutein in infant rhesus macaques following breastfeeding or formula-feeding. Methods: From birth to 6 mo of age, male and female rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) were either breastfed (BF) (n = 8), fed a formula supplemented with lutein, zeaxanthin, β-carotene, and lycopene (237, 19...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373574/loss-to-follow-up-before-and-after-initiation-of-antiretroviral-therapy-in-hiv-facilities-in-lilongwe-malawi
#11
Hannock Tweya, Ikwo Kitefre Oboho, Salem T Gugsa, Sam Phiri, Ethel Rambiki, Rebecca Banda, Johnbosco Mwafilaso, Chimango Munthali, Sundeep Gupta, Moses Bateganya, Alice Maida
INTRODUCTION: Although several studies have explored factors associated with loss to follow-up (LTFU) from HIV care, there remains a gap in understanding how these factors vary by setting, volume of patient and patients' demographic and clinical characteristics. We determined rates and factors associated with LTFU in HIV care Lilongwe, Malawi. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of HIV-infected individuals aged 15 years or older at the time of registration for HIV care in 12 ART facilities, between April 2012 and March 2013...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362263/protocol-for-a-feasibility-trial-for-improving-breast-feeding-initiation-and-continuation-assets-based-infant-feeding-help-before-and-after-birth-aba
#12
Kate Jolly, Jenny Ingram, Joanne Clarke, Debbie Johnson, Heather Trickey, Gill Thomson, Stephan U Dombrowski, Alice Sitch, Fiona Dykes, Max G Feltham, Kirsty Darwent, Christine MacArthur, Tracy Roberts, Pat Hoddinott
INTRODUCTION: Breast feeding improves the health of mothers and infants; the UK has low rates, with marked socioeconomic inequalities. While trials of peer support services have been effective in some settings, UK trials have not improved breast feeding rates. Qualitative research suggests that many women are alienated by the focus on breast feeding. We propose a change from breast feeding-focused interactions to respecting a woman's feeding choices, inclusion of behaviour change theory and an increased intensity of contacts in the 2 weeks after birth when many women cease to breast feed...
January 23, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357963/socio-economic-status-and-maternal-bmi-are-associated-with-duration-of-breast-feeding-of-norwegian-infants
#13
Vilde K Bjørset, Christine Helle, Elisabet R Hillesund, Nina C Øverby
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether there is an association between socio-economic status and maternal BMI and duration of any breast-feeding/exclusive breast-feeding among Norwegian infants at 4 and 5 months of age in 2016. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. Baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Data concerning breast-feeding were collected by FFQ. SETTING: Recruitment was done at child health-care centres and through Facebook in 2016...
January 23, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356769/enteroaggregative-escherichia-coli-subclinical-infection-and-coinfections-and-impaired-child-growth-in-the-mal-ed-cohort-study
#14
Aldo A M Lima, Alberto M Soares, José Q S Filho, Alexandre Havt, Ila F N Lima, Noélia L Lima, Cláudia B Abreu, Francisco S Junior, Rosa M S Mota, William K-Y Pan, Christopher Troeger, Pedro H Q S Medeiros, Herlice N Veras, Mara A Prata, Ben J J McCormick, Monica McGrath, Elizabeth T Rogawski, Eric R Houpt, James A Platts-Mills, Jean Gratz, Amidou Samie, Pascal Bessong, Sudhir Babji, Gangadeep Kang, Shahida Qureshi, Sadia Shakoor, Zulfigar A Bhutta, Rashidul Haque, Tahmeed Ahmed, Estomih R Mduma, Erling Svensen, Margaret Kosek, Pablo P Yori, Ladaporn Bodhidatta, Shrestha Jasmin, Carl J Mason, Dennis Lang, Michael Gottlieb, Richard L Guerrant
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the impact of subclinical enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) infection alone and in combination with other pathogens in the first 6 months of life on child growth. METHODS: Nondiarrheal samples from 1684 children across 8 Multisite Birth Cohort Study, Malnutrition and Enteric Diseases (MAL-ED) sites in Asia, Africa, and Latin America were tested monthly; more than 90% of children were followed-up twice weekly for the first 6 months of life...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352577/erector-spinae-plane-block-for-analgesia-after-lower-segment-caesarean-section-case-report
#15
E Yamak Altinpulluk, D García Simón, M Fajardo-Pérez
Effective postoperative analgesia after emergency caesarean section is important because it provides early recovery, ambulation and breast-feeding. The ultrasound-guided erector spinae plane block has been orginally described for providing thoracic analgesia at the T5 transverse process by Forero et al. We performed post-operative bilateral erector spinae plane blocks with 20ml bupivacaine 0.25% at the level of the T9 transverse process in a pregnant woman after caesarean section. In this report, we described that bilateral erector spinae plane block at T9 level provides effective and long-lasting postoperative analgesia for lower abdominal surgery...
January 15, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349653/exploring-the-experiences-of-middle-income-mothers-in-practicing-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-nairobi-kenya
#16
Caroline W Wainaina, Milka Wanjohi, Frederick Wekesah, Gillian Woolhead, Elizabeth Kimani-Murage
Objectives To establish exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practice, women are encouraged to initiate breastfeeding of their newborns within one hour of delivery and breastfeed exclusively for the first 6 months of the infant's life. Research in Kenya has shown evidence of a reduced rate of EBF with an increase in socio-economic class (SES). This study explores the experiences of middle-income women so as to understand their attitudes and practices of EBF and to contribute toward the Baby Friendly Hospital (BFHI) and Baby Friendly Community Initiatives (BFCI) programs in Kenya...
January 18, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346196/effectiveness-of-centeringpregnancy-on-breast-feeding-initiation-among-african-americans-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Karen Robinson, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal, Lisa Hanson
While breast-feeding initiation rates for African American mothers are low, an innovative model of group prenatal care, CenteringPregnancy, holds promise to increase breast-feeding rates. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the effects of CenteringPregnancy versus individual prenatal care on breast-feeding initiation among African American mothers. Using a systematic approach and PRISMA guidelines, 4 electronic databases were used to search the literature. English-language studies, comparing CenteringPregnancy and individual prenatal care, including African American participants, and specifying breast-feeding initiation as an outcome were screened for inclusion...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330856/reproductive-history-breast-feeding-and-risk-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-the-breast-cancer-etiology-in-minorities-bem-study
#18
Esther M John, Lisa M Hines, Amanda I Phipps, Jocelyn Koo, Teri A Longacre, Sue A Ingles, Kathy B Baumgartner, Martha L Slattery, Anna H Wu
Few risk factors have been identified for triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) which lacks expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). This more aggressive subtype disproportionately affects some racial/ethnic minorities and is associated with lower survival. We pooled data from three population-based studies (558 TNBC and 5,111 controls) and examined associations of TNBC risk with reproductive history and breast-feeding. We estimated odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) using multivariable logistic regression...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328393/paediatric-virology-and-its-interaction-between-basic-science-and-clinical-practice-review
#19
Ioannis N Mammas, Anne Greenough, Maria Theodoridou, Anna Kramvis, Maria Rusan, Angeliki Melidou, Paraskevi Korovessi, Georgia Papaioannou, Alexia Papatheodoropoulou, Chryssie Koutsaftiki, Maria Liston, George Sourvinos, Demetrios A Spandidos
The 3rd Workshop on Paediatric Virology, which took place on October 7th, 2017 in Athens, Greece, highlighted the role of breast feeding in the prevention of viral infections during the first years of life. Moreover, it focused on the long-term outcomes of respiratory syncytial virus and rhinovirus infections in prematurely born infants and emphasised the necessity for the development of relevant preventative strategies. Other topics that were covered included the vaccination policy in relation to the migration crisis, mother‑to‑child transmission of hepatitis B and C viruses, vaccination against human papilloma viruses in boys and advances on intranasal live‑attenuated vaccination against influenza...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317437/infant-feeding-practices-among-hiv-exposed-infants-less-than-6-months-of-age-in-bomet-county-kenya-an-in-depth-qualitative-study-of-feeding-choices
#20
Purity Chepkorir Lang'at, Irene Ogada, Audrey Steenbeek, Noni E MacDonald, Sophie Ochola, Wesley Bor, Godfrey Odinga
BACKGROUND: In children, HIV can be acquired from the mother during pregnancy, delivery and through breast milk. The WHO recommends exclusive breast feeding or exclusive replacement feeding for the first 6 months after birth for HIV-exposed infants. Barriers such as HIV-related stigma, inadequate resources, lack of access to safe water and negative cultural beliefs have been shown to influence infant feeding among HIV-exposed infants in some settings. In Kenya, there is limited literature on the barriers...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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