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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821510/social-and-somatic-determinants-of-underweight-overweight-and-obesity-at-5-years-of-age-a-norwegian-regional-cohort-study
#1
Hilde Mjell Donkor, Jacob Holter Grundt, Pétur Benedikt Júlíusson, Geir Egil Eide, Jørgen Hurum, Robert Bjerknes, Trond Markestad
OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between the weight groups underweight (UW), overweight (OW) and obesity (OB) at 5 years of age and exposures related to pregnancy, anthropometric measures at birth, sociodemographic factors, and family health, anthropometric measures and habits. DESIGN: Regional cohort study. SETTING: Oppland County, Norway. METHODS: Pregnancy data were obtained from a prospective perinatal register for children born in the county, and weight and height were measured by midwives at birth and by public health nurses at 5 years...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821313/the-influence-of-the-position-of-palmitate-in-infant-formula-triacylglycerols-on-health-outcomes
#2
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Miles, Philip C Calder
The purpose of this review is to discuss recent studies reporting on the influence of the position of palmitic acid in triacylglycerols in infant formula and relevant animal studies. Earlier experiments in rodents show that a diet with a higher proportion of palmitate at the sn-2 position of triacylglycerols improves dietary fat and calcium absorption compared with a diet with a lower sn-2 palmitate content. A high-sn-2 palmitate diet increased fecal short-chain fatty acids, reduced gut inflammation in a colitis model, and altered tissue endocannabinoid concentrations in laboratory rodents...
August 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814432/minimal-to-no-transfer-of-certolizumab-pegol-into-breast-milk-results-from-cradle-a-prospective-postmarketing-multicentre-pharmacokinetic-study
#3
Megan Eb Clowse, Frauke Förger, Caroline Hwang, John Thorp, Radboud Jem Dolhain, Astrid van Tubergen, Laura Shaughnessy, Jeff Simpson, Marie Teil, Nathalie Toublanc, Maggie Wang, Thomas W Hale
BACKGROUND: Women with chronic inflammatory diseases face uncertainty regarding the safety of biologics during breast feeding. CRADLE was the first industry-sponsored study to evaluate certolizumab pegol (CZP) concentrations in human breast milk and estimate average daily infant dose (ADID) of maternal CZP. METHODS: CRADLE (NCT02154425) was a pharmacokinetic study of lactating mothers receiving CZP. After ≥3 CZP doses, breast milk samples were collected across one dosing period (14 days for 200 mg every 2 weeks [Q2W]; 28 days for 400 mg every 4 weeks [Q4W])...
August 16, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814422/mothers-knowledge-and-attitudes-to-sudden-infant-deathsyndrome-risk-reduction-messages-results-from-a-uk-survey
#4
Anna S Pease, Peter S Blair, Jenny Ingram, Peter J Fleming
OBJECTIVE: To investigate mothers' knowledge of reducing the risks for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and attitudes towards safer sleep practices. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in deprived areas of Bristol, UK. Recruitment took place in 2014 at local health visitor-led baby clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Of 432 mothers approached, 400 (93%) completed the face-to-face survey. Participants with infants at 'higher' risk of SIDS (using an algorithm based on a previous observational study) were compared with those at 'lower' risk...
August 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805477/estimated-exposures-to-perfluorinated-compounds-in-infancy-predict-attenuated-vaccine-antibody-concentrations-at-age-5-years
#5
Philippe Grandjean, Carsten Heilmann, Pal Weihe, Flemming Nielsen, Ulla B Mogensen, Amalie Timmermann, Esben Budtz-Jørgensen
Perfluorinated alkylate substances (PFASs) are highly persistent and may cause immunotoxic effects. PFAS-associated attenuated antibody responses to childhood vaccines may be affected by PFAS exposures during infancy, where breastfeeding adds to PFAS exposures. Of 490 members of a Faroese birth cohort, 275 and 349 participated in clinical examinations and provided blood samples at ages 18 months and 5 years. PFAS concentrations were measured at birth and at the clinical examinations. Using information on duration of breastfeeding, serum-PFAS concentration profiles during infancy were estimated...
December 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799006/multiple-sclerosis-and-environmental-risk-factors-a-case-control-study-in-iran
#6
Maryam Abbasi, Seyed Massood Nabavi, Seyed Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Nikan Zerafat Jou, Iman Ansari, Vahid Shayegannejad, Seyed Ehsan Mohammadianinejad, Mahdi Farhoudi, Abbas Noorian, Nazanin Razazian, Mahmoud Abedini, Fardin Faraji
Studies have shown an increase in the incidence of MS in Iran. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between environmental exposure and MS in Iran. This case-control study was conducted on 660 MS patients and 421 controls. Many environmental factors are compared between the two groups. Our findings demonstrated that prematurity ([OR = 4.99 (95% CI 1.34-18.68), P = 0.017]), history of measles and mumps ([OR = 1.60 (95% CI 1.05-2.45), P = 0.029; OR = 1.85 (95% CI 1.22-2.78), P = 0...
August 10, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793085/determinants-of-the-mean-growth-rate-of-children-under-the-age-of-six-months-a-cohort-study
#7
Poliana Cristina de Almeida Fonseca, Carolina Abreu de Carvalho, Sarah Aparecida Vieira Ribeiro, Luciana Neri Nobre, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Andreia Queiroz Ribeiro, Silvia Eloiza Priore, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini
This study aimed to investigate some factors that contributed to higher or lower growth rate of children up to the sixth month of life. This is a cohort study with 240 children evaluated in four stages. Variables of birth, eating habits of the child, mothers' breast-feeding difficulty and pacifier use were investigated. Children's weight gain rate (grams/day) and size gain (cm/month) were measured in all assessments and compared according to the variables of interest. In the first month, weight gain rate of children born by cesarean section was smaller...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789730/iodine-status-of-postpartum-women-and-their-infants-in-australia-after-the-introduction-of-mandatory-iodine-fortification
#8
Dao Huynh, Dominique Condo, Robert Gibson, Beverly Muhlhausler, Philip Ryan, Sheila Skeaff, Maria Makrides, Shao J Zhou
Mandatory I fortification in bread was introduced in Australia in 2009 in response to the re-emergence of biochemical I deficiency based on median urinary I concentration (UIC)<100 µg/l. Data on the I status of lactating mothers and their infants in Australia are scarce. The primary aim of this study was to assess the I status, determined by UIC and breast milk I concentration (BMIC), of breast-feeding mothers in South Australia and UIC of their infants. The secondary aim was to assess the relationship between the I status of mothers and their infants...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789728/circadian-feeding-patterns-of-12-month-old-infants
#9
Poh Hui Wee, See Ling Loy, Jia Ying Toh, Elaine Kwang Hsia Tham, Yin Bun Cheung, Keith M Godfrey, Peter D Gluckman, Seang Mei Saw, Yap-Seng Chong, Ngee Lek, Jerry Kok Yen Chan, Daniel Yam Thiam Goh, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Fabian Yap
Early life nutrition and feeding practices are important modifiable determinants of subsequent obesity, yet little is known about the circadian feeding pattern of 12-month-old infants. We aimed to describe the 24-h feeding patterns of 12-month-old infants and examine their associations with maternal and infant characteristics. Mothers from a prospective birth cohort study (n 431) reported dietary intakes of their 12-month-old infants and respective feeding times using 24-h dietary recall. Based on their feeding times, infants were classified into post-midnight (00...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777736/a-pilot-study-of-the-effect-of-human-breast-milk-on-urinary-metabolome-analysis-in-infants
#10
Hiromichi Shoji, Hikari Taka, Naoko Kaga, Naho Ikeda, Tomohiro Kitamura, Yoshiki Miura, Toshiaki Shimizu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the nutritional effect of breast feeding on healthy term infants by using urinary metabolome analysis. METHODS: Urine samples were collected from 19 and 14 infants at 1 and 6 months, respectively. Infants were separated into two groups: the breast-fed group receiving <540 mL/week of their intake from formula (n=13 at 1 month; n=9 at 6 months); and the formula-fed group receiving no breast milk (BM) (n=6 at 1 month; n=5 at 6 months)...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775196/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-enat-p-in-ethiopia-protocol
#11
Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Md Atiqul Islam, Nigussie Tadesse Sharew, Shimels Hussien Mohammed, Mulugeta Molla Birhanu, Balewgizie Sileshi Tegegne
INTRODUCTION: Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) is the cornerstone of infant and child survival, healthy growth and development, healthy future generations and national development. In spite of the importance of optimal nutrition in low- and middle-income countries, there has been no review conducted in Ethiopia. Thus, the aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to estimate the national coverage and identify the associated factors of IYCF practices in Ethiopia. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, CINHAL, EBSCO, Web of Science and WHO Global Health Library databases will be searched for all available publications from 1 January 2000 to 30 September 2017...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770132/congenital-duodenal-obstruction-situs-inversus-totalis-and-gastric-perforation-in-a-neonate
#12
Rajat Piplani, Samir K Acharya, Deepak Bagga
We report a rare case of incomplete congenital duodenal obstruction (Type 1 duodenal atresia) in association with situs inversus totalis presenting with gastric perforation in a neonate. The infantogram was suggestive of perforation with air under diaphragm along with dextrocardia. On exploration, a pin point perforation at fundus near lesser curvature along with situs inversus was noted. Primary closure of gastric perforation was done. Patient was then discharged on full breast feeds but was readmitted with intolerance to feeds and recurrent bilious vomiting...
April 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768563/infant-feeding-decisions-and-behaviours-among-low-income-smoke-exposed-women-timing-and-change-during-pregnancy
#13
Patricia Markham Risica, Kristen McCausland
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to describe change in feeding intentions and predictors of breast-feeding intentions during the course of pregnancy. DESIGN: Analysis of prospectively collected data from a larger randomized controlled trial of a health education intervention to reduce environmental smoke exposure among women during and after pregnancy. SETTING: Participants were recruited from prenatal clinics, but all further communication occurred with participating women living in the community...
August 3, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765105/global-drive-to-increase-breast-feeding-is-unveiled
#14
Adrian O'Dowd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764132/use-of-a-simple-pharmacokinetic-model-to-study-the-impact-of-breast-feeding-on-infant-and-toddler-body-burdens-of-pcb-153-bde-47-and-dde
#15
Matthew Lorber, Leisa-Maree L Toms
Several studies have examined the role of breast milk consumption in the buildup of environmental chemicals in infants, and have concluded that this pathway elevates infant body burdens above what would occur in a formula-only diet. Unique data from Australia provide an opportunity to study this finding using simple pharmacokinetic (PK) models. Pooled serum samples from infants in the general population provided data on PCB 153, BDE 47, and DDE at 6-month increments from birth until 4 years of age. General population breast-feeding scenarios for Australian conditions were crafted and input into a simple PK model which predicted infant serum concentrations over time...
October 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754184/malocclusions-in-young-children-does-breast-feeding-really-reduce-the-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Esma J Doğramacı, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele, Craig W Dreyer
BACKGROUND: Researchers have purported that breast-feeding can decrease the risk of malocclusions. The authors studied the relationship of breast-feeding on malocclusions in young children by means of conducting a systematic review of association (etiology). TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors used a 3-step search strategy, including electronic searches. They considered studies whose investigators included healthy children with primary dentition with a history of breast-feeding and in which the study investigators had assessed specific malocclusion outcomes to be eligible for inclusion in this review...
August 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749685/high-throughput-label-and-immobilization-free-screening-of-human-milk-oligosaccharides-against-lectins
#17
Amr El-Hawiet, Yajie Chen, Km Shams-Ud-Doha, Elena N Kitova, Yves St-Pierre, John S Klassen
The intense interest in the mechanisms responsible for the beneficial effects of breast-feeding on infant health has created a significant need for analytical methods capable of rapidly identifying interactions between human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) and their protein receptors. Currently, there are no established, high-throughput assays for the screening libraries of free (unmodified) HMOs against lectins. The present work describes a rapid and label- and immobilization-free assay, based on catch-and-release electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (CaR-ESI-MS), capable of simultaneously screening mixtures of free HMOs of known concentration for binding to lectins in vitro...
August 16, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749617/depression-hopelessness-and-social-support-among-breast-cancer-patients-in-highly-endogamous-population
#18
Abdulbari Bener, Reem Alsulaiman, Lisa Doodson, Tony Agathangelou
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between different demographic variables, hopelessness, depression and social support of Breast cancer patients in Qatari’s population. Design: This is an observational cohort hospital based study. Subjects and Methods: The study included 678 breast cancer patients. The questionnaires included a demographic questionnaire, the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), Back Depression Scale (BDS) and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS). The demographic questionnaire was used to assess patients’ basic information including gender, age, marital status, education, family size, and place of residence...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746325/effect-of-maternal-socio-demographic-factors-and-child-feeding-practice-on-wasting-among-under-five-years-children-in-slum-area-of-rupandehi-district-in-nepal
#19
S Gautam, S Ruchal, B Timalsina, D Acharya, B Khadka, V Gautam, J K Singh
INTRODUCTION: Childhood wasting although well studied elsewhere, it has not been well understood about in slum area of Nepal. This study aimed to assess effect of socio-demographic factors and child feeding practice in the determination of wasting among the children under five years of age in slum area of Nepal. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was performed among 150 children under five years of age from the slum area of Nepal between 1st January and 28th February 2013 using simple random sampling techniques...
April 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737571/breast-feeding-and-infant-hospitalization-for-infections-large-cohort-and-sibling-analysis
#20
Ketil Størdal, Karen M Lundeby, Anne L Brantsæter, Margaretha Haugen, Britt Nakstad, Nicolai A Lund-Blix, Lars C Stene
OBJECTIVES: Breast-feeding may protect against infections, but its optimal duration remains controversial. We aimed to study the association of the duration of full and any breast-feeding with infections the first 18 months of life. METHODS: The Norwegian Mother and Child study (MoBa) is a prospective birth cohort which recruited expecting mothers giving birth from 2000 to 2009. We analyzed data from the full cohort (n = 70,511) and sibling sets (n = 21,220) with parental report of breast-feeding and infections...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
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