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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207445/risk-reduction-of-breast-cancer-by-childbirth-breastfeeding-and-their-interaction-in-korean-women-heterogeneous-effects-across-menopausal-status-hormone-receptor-status-and-pathological-subtypes
#1
Seok Hun Jeong, Yoon Suk An, Ji-Yeob Choi, Boyoung Park, Daehee Kang, Min Hyuk Lee, Wonshik Han, Dong Young Noh, Keun-Young Yoo, Sue K Park
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations of childbirth, breastfeeding, and their interaction with breast cancer (BC) risk reduction, and to evaluate the heterogeneity in the BC risk reduction effects of these factors by menopause, hormone receptor (HR) status, and pathological subtype. Methods: BC patients aged 40+ from the Korean Breast Cancer Registry in 2004-2012 and controls from the Health Examinee cohort participants were included in this study after 1:1 matching (12 889 pairs) by age and enrollment year...
November 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205679/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-human-parechovirus-and-enterovirus-infections-in-febrile-infants
#2
Kentaro Sano, Hiromichi Hamada, Shoko Hirose, Kenta Sugiura, Satoko Harada, Mai Koizumi, Mayumi Hara, Haruna Nishijima, Masakatsu Taira, Atsushi Ogura, Tomoko Ogawa, Jun-Ichi Takanashi
BACKGROUND: Human parechovirus (HPeV) and human non-polio enterovirus (EV) are important causes of fever without sources (FWS) in young infants. Their prevalence and clinical characteristics are largely unknown in Asian countries. This study was conducted to elucidate the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of HPeV and EV infections in febrile young infants in Japan. METHODS: During February 2010 - August 2015, we obtained 53 stool, 44 throat swab, and 20 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from 56 infants (<3 months) with FWS at a single hospital...
December 5, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189194/the-dietary-diversity-and-stunting-prevalence-in-minority-children-under-3-years-old-a-cross-sectional-study-in-forty-two-counties-of-western-china
#3
Anqi Wang, Robert W Scherpbier, Xiaona Huang, Sufang Guo, Yuning Yang, Jonathan Josephs-Spaulding, Chuyang Ma, Hong Zhou, Yan Wang
As a key indicator of childhood malnutrition, few studies have focused on stunting in relation to various socio-economic factors in which disadvantaged groups face in China. We conducted a community-based cross-sectional study incorporating forty-two rural counties in seven western provinces of China in 2011. In total, 5196 children aged 6-23 months were included. We used Poisson regression to examine risk factors for inadequate minimum dietary diversity (MDD) and stunting status, respectively. Overall, the proportion of children not meeting MDD was 44·5 %...
November 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187144/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-its-associations-among-adolescents-in-an-urban-sri-lankan-community
#4
Shaman Rajindrajith, Arunasalam Pathmeswaran, Chamilka Jayasinghe, Dulani Kottahachchi, Anuradhani Kasturiratne, Shamila T de Silva, Madunil A Niriella, Anuradha S Dassanayake, Arjuna P de Silva, H Janaka de Silva
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common problem across the world. We aimed to determine the prevalence of NAFLD and its associations in Sri Lankan adolescents living in an urban Sri Lankan community. METHOD: The study population consisted of the birth cohort of the year 2000, residing in the Ragama Medical Officer of Health area. Socio-demographic and anthropometric data [anthropometric measurements, blood pressure and total body fat distribution] of these adolescents were collected by trained data collectors...
November 29, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185934/the-relationships-among-iron-supplement-use-hb-concentration-and-linear-growth-in-young-children-ethiopian-demographic-and-health-survey
#5
Shimels Hussien Mohammed, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
Growth faltering and anaemia remain unacceptably high among infants and young children in Ethiopia. In this study, we investigated the relationships among Fe supplement use (ISU), Hb concentration and linear growth, hypothesising positive relationships between ISU and Hb, ISU and linear growth and Hb and linear growth. We used a nationally representative data of 2400 children aged 6-24 months from the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) 2011, conducted following a stratified, two-stage cluster sampling...
November 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173215/quantity-and-species-of-fish-consumed-shape-breast-milk-fatty-acid-concentrations-around-lake-victoria-kenya
#6
Kathryn J Fiorella, Erin M Milner, Elizabeth Bukusi, Lia Ch Fernald
OBJECTIVE: Long-chain PUFA (LCPUFA) found in breast milk are derived from dietary sources and critical for optimal infant development. We examined associations between fish consumption and concentrations of LCPUFA and essential n-3 and n-6 fatty acids in breast milk among mothers living around Lake Victoria. DESIGN: We used cross-sectional analyses of associations between recent fish consumption and breast-milk fatty acid concentrations. SETTING: The study was conducted around Lake Victoria on Mfangano Island, Kenya, where multiple fish species are key dietary components and also are widely exported...
November 27, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173197/prevalence-of-breast-feeding-and-exclusive-breast-feeding-at-48-h-after-birth-and-up-to-the-sixth-month-in-cyprus-the-breast-start-in-life-project
#7
Mary Economou, Ourania Kolokotroni, Irene Paphiti-Demetriou, Christiana Kouta, Ekaterini Lambrinou, Eleni Hadjigeorgiou, Vasiliki Hadjiona, Froso Tryfonos, Elena Philippou, Nicos Middleton
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and sociodemographic determinants of breast-feeding (BF) and exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) in Cyprus up to the sixth month. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and longitudinal descriptive study. BF and EBF were estimated based on mothers' self-reported BF status in line with Step 7 of the WHO/UNICEF Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative questionnaire and based on 24 h recall. SETTING: Maternity wards in all public hospitals and twenty-nine (of thirty-five) private maternity clinics nationwide...
November 27, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172883/prevalence-correlates-of-chronic-perinatal-pain-a-study-from-india
#8
Geetha Desai, G Sunil Kumar, L Manoj, G R Gokul, K V Beena, K Thennarasu, T S Jaisoorya
OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of chronic perinatal pain among mothers who had infants between the ages of 13-25 months in the State of Kerala, India and to report its correlates in the socio-demographic, obstetric and psychological domains. METHODS: A total of 9305 mothers selected by cluster random sampling were assessed cross-sectionally for chronic perinatal pain using a questionnaire by Junior Public Health Nurses (JPHNs). In addition, information regarding socio-demographic profile, obstetric history, infant details and perinatal depression were collected...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171402/a-short-period-of-breast-feeding-in-infancy-excessive-house-cleaning-absence-of-older-sibling-and-passive-smoking-are-related-to-more-severe-atopic-dermatitis-in-children
#9
Maria Fotopoulou, Maria Iordanidou, Eleni Vasileiou, Grigorios Trypsianis, Athanasios Chatzimichael, Emmanouil Paraskakis
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is one of the most common, chronic or chronically relapsing inflammatory skin diseases that affect children. Multiple genetic and environmental factors appear to regulate the pathogenesis of AD. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate the possible association between family, social, dieting, atopic and environmental factors and the severity of AD evaluated by SCORAD scores in children. MATERIALS & METHODS: The study group included 100 children with AD who attended a paediatric dermatology outpatient clinic with a median age of 18...
November 24, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169075/maternal-intention-to-exclusively-breast-feed-among-mainland-chinese-mothers-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Xiao Yang, Wan-Yim Ip, Ling-Ling Gao
OBJECTIVE: to examine postpartum maternal recall of their intentions to exclusively breast feed among breastfeeding women and identify its predictors. DESIGN AND SETTING: a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in a regional teaching hospital at Guangzhou, China between April 1 and July 14, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: 571 mothers who were within four days after delivery were recruited to the study. MEASUREMENTS: data were collected by four research assistants with maternal intention to breast feed data sheet, the Network Support for Breastfeeding Scale (NSBS), and a socio-demographic data sheet...
November 10, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166968/infant-feeding-practices-and-dietary-consumption-of-us-infants-and-toddlers-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-2003-2012
#11
Kathleen E Davis, Xilong Li, Beverley Adams-Huet, Lona Sandon
OBJECTIVE: To compare infant and toddler anthropometric measurements, feeding practices and mean nutrient intakes by race/ethnicity and income. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis using general linear modelling. Ten years of survey data (2003-2012) were combined to compare anthropometric measurements, feeding practices and mean nutrient intakes from a nationally representative US sample. SETTING: The 2003-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
November 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166891/pediatric-hospital-admissions-in-indigenous-children-a-population-based-study-in-remote-australia
#12
Philippa J Dossetor, Alexandra L C Martiniuk, James P Fitzpatrick, June Oscar, Maureen Carter, Rochelle Watkins, Elizabeth J Elliott, Heather E Jeffery, David Harley
BACKGROUND: We analysed hospital admissions of a predominantly Aboriginal cohort of children in the remote Fitzroy Valley in Western Australia during the first 7 years of life. METHODS: All children born between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2003 and living in the Fitzroy Valley in 2009-2010 were eligible to participate in the Lililwan Project. Of 134 eligible children, 127 (95%) completed Stage 1 (interviews of caregivers and medical record review) in 2011 and comprised our cohort...
November 22, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166880/is-the-policy-of-allowing-a-female-labor-companion-feasible-in-developing-countries-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study-among-sri-lankan-practitioners
#13
Hemantha Senanayake, Rajitha Dilhan Wijesinghe, Kesavan Rajasekharan Nayar
BACKGROUND: Companionship during labor is known to have both physical and psychosocial benefits to mother and baby. Sri Lanka made a policy decision to allow a labour companion in 2011. However, implementation has been unsatisfactory. Given the leading role Obstetricians play in the implementation of policy, a study was undertaken to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices among them. METHOD: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted among consultant obstetricians working in the state hospitals using the platform 'Survey Monkey'...
November 22, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147590/paroxysmal-nocturnal-hemoglobinuria-in-pregnancy-a-dilemma-in-treatment-and-thromboprophylaxis
#14
Arpan Patel, Athira Unnikrishnan, Martina Murphy, Robert Egerman, Sarah Wheeler, Ashley Richards, John Wingard
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a hematologic disorder characterized by an acquired somatic mutation in the phosphatidylinositol glycan class A gene which leads to a higher risk for increased venous and arterial thrombosis. Current treatment for PNH includes eculizumab. Pregnant patients who have PNH have higher risk for thrombosis and hemorrhage with both pregnancy and their underlying PNH. Treatment frequently poses conundrum. The safety and efficacy of eculizumab during pregnancy and breast feeding have not been extensively studied and contraception has been recommended due to potential for teratogenicity...
2017: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142555/exclusive-breastfeeding-practices-in-working-women-of-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Aroona Sabin, Farida Manzur, Saleem Adil
Objective: To determine the prevalence of exclusive breast feeding in working women and to identify the factors effecting exclusive breast feeding in working women. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in Faisalabad city within a period of six months from June 2016 to December 2016. Working women of age 18 to 45 years, working as doctors, teachers, nurses and bankers in public (government) setup were included. The data was collected using interview method by pre-structured questionnaire...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142203/mode-of-delivery-and-child-and-adolescent-psychological-well-being-evidence-from-hong-kong-s-children-of-1997-birth-cohort
#16
Cherry Y Leung, Gabriel M Leung, C Mary Schooling
Mode of delivery (vaginal or cesarean section) is thought to affect gut microbiota, which in turn may affect psychological well-being. As such, mode of delivery is potentially a modifiable factor for psychological well-being. Here we examined the association of mode of delivery with child and adolescent psychological well-being. We used multivariable linear regression in a population-representative Hong Kong Chinese birth cohort, "Children of 1997," to examine the adjusted associations of mode of delivery with behavioral problems assessed from parent-reported Rutter score at ~7 (n = 6294) and ~11 years (n = 5598), self-esteem assessed from self-reported Culture-Free Self-Esteem Inventory score at ~11 years (n = 6937) and depressive symptoms assessed from self-reported Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score at ~13 years (n = 5797)...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135578/when-prevention-of-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-fails-preventing-pretreatment-drug-resistance-in-african-children
#17
Seth C Inzaule, Raph L Hamers, Job Calis, Ragna Boerma, Kim Sigaloff, Clement Zeh, Peter Mugyenyi, Sulaimon Akanmu, Tobias F Rinke de Wit
: The scale-up of antiretroviral prophylaxis to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV has significantly reduced new pediatric infections in sub-Saharan Africa. However, among infants who become HIV-infected despite prevent mother-to-child transmission, more than 50% have drug-resistant HIV. Given high levels of resistance, WHO recommends the use of protease inhibitors as part of first-line pediatric antiretroviral therapy (ART) to optimize treatment response, but costs and logistic challenges restrict access...
November 10, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131919/breast-feeding-friendly-but-not-formula-averse
#18
Juanita Lewis
Breast-feeding is the optimal source of newborn nutrition in term infants and is associated with multiple short- and long-term health benefits. Establishment of breast-feeding may be difficult in a small subset of mothers, which can lead to adverse consequences in the newborn. Some of the consequences of suboptimal nutritional provision to the newborn, such as severe hyperbilirubinemia and breast-feeding-associated hypernatremic dehydration, can have devastating and long-lasting sequelae. Timely identification of mothers and newborns at risk for developing these complications is necessary to avoid significant morbidity and mortality...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125087/examining-temporal-shifts-in-the-proximate-determinants-of-fertility-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#19
Erin Rogers, Rob Stephenson
Targeting reductions in fertility remains a key development goal, as too-high fertility hampers the economic and health prosperity of low- and middle-income countries. However, critical to the success of gaining reductions in fertility is the ability to understand the factors that are shaping fertility, and to understand the factors that are acting to keep fertility levels high. To contribute to this understanding, this study applied the Bongaarts (2015) adjusted proximate determinants of fertility model to 33 low- and middle-income countries using data collected from the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) programme between 2000 and 2016...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113618/milk-products-in-the-dietary-management-of-childhood-undernutrition-a-historical-review
#20
Veronika Scherbaum, M Leila Srour
The present narrative review outlines the use of milk products in infant and young child feeding from early history until today and illustrates how research findings and technical innovations contributed to the evolution of milk-based strategies to combat undernutrition in children below the age of 5 years. From the onset of social welfare initiatives, dairy products were provided by maternal and child health services to improve nutrition. During the last century, a number of aetiological theories on oedematous forms of undernutrition were developed and until the 1970s the dogma of protein deficiency was dominant...
November 8, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
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