keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Breast-feeding

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907704/growth-and-body-composition-of-children-aged-2-4-years-after-exposure-to-community-mobilisation-women-s-groups-in-bangladesh
#1
Edward Fottrell, Naveed Ahmed, Badrun Nahar, Sanjit Kumer Shaha, Abdul Kuddus, Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod, Tasmin Nahar, Caroline Fall, Clive Osmond, Virginia Govoni, Sarah Finer, Chittaranjan Yajnik, A K Azad Khan, Anthony Costello, Kishwar Azad, Graham A Hitman
BACKGROUND: Women's groups interventions in Bangladesh reduced neonatal deaths by 38% and improved hygienic delivery, newborn care practices and breast feeding. We explore the longer-term impact of exposure to women's groups during pregnancy on child growth at 2-4 years. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey of child anthropometric measures (analysed as z-scores) among children born to women who had participated in the women's groups interventions while pregnant, compared with an age-matched and sex-matched sample of children born to control mothers...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903178/-breast-milk-composition-and-influencing-factors-of-the-han-bai-and-dai-nationalities-in-yunnan-province-in-2011-2012
#2
Jiang Zhao, Rong Wan, Zhitao Liu, Xiangdong Min, Qingqing Wan, Qiang Zhang, Yuan Ruan, Tongjian Cai
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of breast milk composition and influencing factors of the Han, Bai and Dai nationalities in Yunnan Province from 2010 to 2012. METHODS: To choose two typical ethnic minorities-Bai and Dai in Yunnan province with high density of minorities population by using cross-sectional survey and multi-stage cluster sampling. 1053 aged 0-9 month babies and their healthy mothers with the first delivery of Dai, Bai and Han were selected as samples from Heqing county of Dali and Xishuangbanna city where most population were Bai and Dai people...
July 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903175/-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-family-factors-for-children-and-adolescents-in-chongqing-city-in-2014
#3
Xuting Cheng, Hong Wang, Baocheng Yuan, Peiyu Guan, Lingyi Wang
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence and family factors on metabolic syndrome( MS) in children and adolescents for Chongqing City. METHODS: Multi-stage cluster sampling was used to recruit 1309 children and adolescents between 10 and 17 years old for physical examination( height, weight, waist circumference and blood pressure), blood biochemical examination( fasting plasma glucose, triglyceride, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol)and questionnaire for family factors( breast feeding, delivery mode, birth weight, education of parents, height and weight of parents, family history of hypertension and diabetes, and so on)...
July 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901782/bariatric-surgery-does-not-appear-to-affect-women-s-breast-milk-composition
#4
Goele Jans, Roland Devlieger, Vicky De Preter, Lieveke Ameye, Kristien Roelens, Matthias Lannoo, Bart Van der Schueren, Johan Verhaeghe, Christophe Matthys
Background: The breast-milk composition in the first 6 wk postpartum of women who have undergone bariatric surgery (BS) is unknown. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine 1) the breast-milk macronutrient and vitamin A composition in women who had and who had not undergone BS and 2) the impact of maternal diet on the breast-milk composition. We hypothesized that the milk of women who had undergone BS would be less energy dense and have a lower vitamin A concentration than that of other women...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886687/-effects-of-calcium-supplementation-during-the-pregnancy-and-early-infancy-stage-on-the-body-mass-index-and-gut-microbiota-in-the-infants
#5
X L Chang, Y Shang, Y J Liu, P Li, Y Y Wang, A M Liang, K M Qi
Objective: To investigate the effects of calcium supplementation during the pregnancy and early infancy stage on body mass index (BMI) and gut microbiota in the infants. Methods: A total of 1 752 healthy pregnant women and their infants (breast feeding) in two maternal and child health care hospitals of Beijing were chosen as the subjects in this study from May to October 2016. Questionnaires were used to obtain the general information and supplementation of calcium and vitamin D in mothers and their infants...
June 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882971/breast-milk-transmission-of-flaviviruses-in-the-context-of-zika-virus-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Taylor Z Mann, Lisa B Haddad, Tonya R Williams, Susan L Hills, Jennifer S Read, Deborah L Dee, Eric J Dziuban, Janice Pérez-Padilla, Denise J Jamieson, Margaret A Honein, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Since the Zika virus epidemic in the Americas began in 2015, Zika virus transmission has occurred throughout the Americas. However, limited information exists regarding possible risks of transmission of Zika virus and other flaviviruses through breast feeding and human milk. We conducted a systematic review of the evidence regarding flaviviruses detection in and transmission through milk, specifically regarding Zika virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, tick-borne encephalitis virus, Powassan virus, West Nile virus, dengue virus, and yellow fever virus...
June 8, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880727/dietary-protein-intake-breast-feeding-and-growth-in-human-milk-fed-preterm-infants
#7
Emma Tonkin, Jacqueline Miller, Maria Makrides, Andrew J McPhee, Scott A Morris, Robert A Gibson, Carmel T Collins
Protein intakes of preterm infants are frequently below recommendations, but few studies report accurate intakes due to the difficulty of analysing human milk clinically. This observational analysis from a randomised trial of infants born.
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873906/s3-guideline-for-the-treatment-of-psoriasis-vulgaris-update-short-version-part-2-special-patient-populations-and-treatment-situations
#8
Alexander Nast, Lasse Amelunxen, Matthias Augustin, Wolf-Henning Boehncke, Corinna Dressler, Matthew Gaskins, Peter Härle, Bernd Hoffstadt, Joachim Klaus, Joachim Koza, Ulrich Mrowietz, Hans-Michael Ockenfels, Sandra Philipp, Kristian Reich, Thomas Rosenbach, Berthold Rzany, Martin Schlaeger, Gerhard Schmid-Ott, Michael Sebastian, Ralph von Kiedrowski, Tobias Weberschock
The German guideline for the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris was updated using GRADE methodology. The guideline is based on a systematic literature review completed on December 1, 2016, and on a formal consensus and approval process. The second part of this short version of the guideline covers the following special patient populations and treatment situations: tuberculosis screening before and during psoriasis treatment, choice of psoriasis treatment for individuals wishing to have children, as well as during pregnancy and breast-feeding, and patients with joint involvement and vaccinations...
June 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866694/spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection-in-a-postpartum-e-cigarette-smoker
#9
Navid Ahmed, Aleksandr Kalininskiy, Himali Gandhi, Jooyoung Julia Shin
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare but lethal cause of acute coronary syndrome that occurs in young women during the peripartum/postpartum periods. We present a case of a 41-year-old woman with no significant medical history, but was a habitual e-cigarette smoker who presented with atypical chest pain 2 weeks after an uncomplicated delivery while breast feeding. The patient was found to have elevated cardiac enzymes and ST segment elevations in the anterior leads. An urgent cardiac catheterisation was performed, which revealed dissection and occlusion of the left anterior descending artery, and a drug-eluting stent was placed that resulted in the resolution of chest pain...
June 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29812990/clinical-and-pathologic-factors-predicting-future-asthma-in-wheezing-children-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Matteo Bonato, Erica Bazzan, Deborah Snijders, Mariaenrica Tinè, Davide Biondini, Graziella Turato, Elisabetta Balestro, Alberto Papi, Manuel G Cosio, Angelo Barbato, Simonetta Baraldo, Marina Saetta
RATIONALE: Wheeze is a common symptom in infants, but not all wheezers develop asthma. Indeed, up to 50% of wheezing children outgrow their symptoms by school age. How to predict if early wheeze will become asthma is still a matter of vivid debate. AIM: To assess the clinical and pathological factors possibly predicting the future development of asthma in children. METHODS: 80 children (mean age 3.8±1 yrs) undergoing a clinically indicated bronchoscopy were followed prospectively for a median of 5 yrs...
May 29, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804091/breast-feeding-in-infancy-and-recurrent-cough-in-adulthood-the-longer-the-better
#11
EDITORIAL
Erick Forno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2018: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804071/successful-pregnancies-and-reduced-treatment-requirement-while-breast-feeding-in-a-patient-with-congenital-hypoparathyroidism-due-to-homozygous-c-68c-a-null-parathyroid-hormone-gene-mutation
#12
Joanne Dixon, Steven Miller
A female patient with consanguineous parents presented at the age of 4 with isolated hypoparathyroidism due to a parathyroid hormone (PTH) gene mutation. She was managed with alfacalcidol and calcium supplements, and developed normally. Her consanguineous parents described symptoms suggestive of hypocalcaemia but had normal serum calcium and low normal PTH levels. A molecular diagnosis obtained in her adulthood revealed the presence of homozygous point mutation (c.68C>A) in exon 2 introducing a premature stop codon resulting in a non-functional precursor protein...
May 26, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797420/prospective-associations-of-breastfeeding-and-smoking-cessation-among-low-income-pregnant-women
#13
April L Carswell, Kenneth D Ward, Mark W Vander Weg, Isabel C Scarinci, Laura Girsch, Mary Read, George Relyea, Weiyu Chen
Although low-income pregnant women have high rates of smoking and low rates of breastfeeding, few studies have examined prospective associations between these risk factors in community samples. Doing so may help improve breast-feeding support programs in this population. We used a secondary analysis of 247 low-income pregnant smokers in Memphis, Tennessee, who were interviewed up to 4 times (twice during pregnancy and twice through 6 months postpartum). Smoking cessation during prepartum and postpartum was defined as a self-report of not smoking for ≥1 week and an expired carbon monoxide level of <10 ppm...
May 24, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789223/vitamin-d-status-in-diabetic-children-and-adolescents
#14
Tahereh Ziaei-Kajbaf, Majid Aminzadeh, Elham Fatahinezhad, Seyyed Mohammad-Hassan Aletayeb
INTRODUCTION: Besides its role in calcium homeostasis, vitamin D (VD) has an important immuno-mudulation effect. However, its role in autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes is under discussion. This study designed to investigate serum VD status in children and adolescents with and without diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a case-control study, 85 diabetic and 85 non-diabetic control (total 170) aged 1-15 yr. were enrolled. History of breast feeding and vitamin supplementation was obtained; growth indices and serum levels of Calcium, phosphorous, Alkaline-Phosphatase (ALP), Hemoglobin-A1c and VD were measured and analyzed...
March 16, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789027/ethanolamine-enhances-intestinal-functions-by-altering-gut-microbiome-and-mucosal-anti-stress-capacity-in-weaned-rats
#15
Jian Zhou, Xia Xiong, Ke-Xing Wang, Li-Jun Zou, Peng Ji, Yu-Long Yin
Ethanolamine (Etn) contained in milk is the base constituent of phosphatidylethanolamine and is required for the proliferation of intestinal epithelial cells and bacteria, which is important for maintenance of the gut microbiome and intestinal development. The present study investigated the effect of Etn on intestinal function and microbiome using 21-d-old Sprague-Dawley rats treated with 0, 250, 500 and 1000 μm Etn in drinking water for 2 weeks immediately after weaning. Growth performance, intestinal morphology, antioxidant capacity and mucosal immunity, as well as gut microbiota community composition, were evaluated...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786597/-the-sexuality-of-woman-in-puerperium
#16
Barbara Kalbarczyk, Marcin Bobiński, Mieczysław Szatanek, Bartłomiej Kalbarczyk, Robert Rojewski, Jan Kotarski
After the birth various physical, hormonal and psychological changes affect women's emotional status. These significantly impact their family life including the quality of sexual relationships. Among these factors the method of birth, hormonal changes, breast feeding and incidence of postpartal depression are considered to affect relations with the partner. Unfortunately the sexuality in this special time in women's life is commonly avoided or underestimated both by woman and doctors.
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780032/severe-outcomes-associated-with-respiratory-viruses-in-newborns-and-infants-a-prospective-viral-surveillance-study-in-jordan
#17
Najwa Khuri-Bulos, Lindsey Lawrence, Bhinnata Piya, Li Wang, Christopher Fonnesbeck, Samir Faouri, Asem Shehabi, Sten H Vermund, John V Williams, Natasha B Halasa
OBJECTIVE: To assess virus-specific hospitalisation rates, risk factors for illness severity and seasonal trends in children hospitalised with acute respiratory infections (ARI). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: A government hospital serving low-income and middle-income population in Amman, Jordan. PARTICIPANTS: Children under 2 years of age hospitalised with fever and/or respiratory symptoms (n=3168) from 16 March 2010 to 31 March 2013...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774708/-communicating-data-of-the-italian-ninfea-birth-cohort
#18
Lorenzo Richiardi, Maja Popovic, Daniela Zugna, Franca Rusconi, Franco Merletti, Costanza Pizzi
"In March 2016, the website of the NINFEA project (an Internet-based cohort set up to investigate the effects of exposures acting early in life) was enriched with the section «Data», which reports aggregated data for selected variables of the cohort. This article discusses the rationale for this new section, available data and their possible uses are described, and some results are compared with figures accessible from surveillance studies. The Italian birth cohort NINFEA includes 7,500 pregnant women, recruited through the Internet from 2005 to June 2016, and of their children, followed up with repeated questionnaires...
March 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774380/-thyroid-and-pregnancy
#19
REVIEW
K A Iwen, H Lehnert
During pregnancy thyroid hormones have profound effects on embryonal/fetal development and maternal health. Therefore, thyroid gland disorders should be immediately diagnosed and adequately treated. Pregnancy-specific physiological alterations during pregnancy cause changes in the reference interval for thyroid-stimulating hormone levels and trimester-specific thresholds must be taken into account. This article summarizes the most important diagnostic and therapeutic aspects before, during and after pregnancy...
May 17, 2018: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770760/adherence-to-the-new-nordic-diet-during-pregnancy-and-subsequent-maternal-weight-development-a-study-conducted-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study-moba
#20
Marianne Skreden, Elisabet R Hillesund, Andrew K Wills, Anne Lise Brantsæter, Elling Bere, Nina C Øverby
The rising prevalence of overweight and obesity is a worldwide public health challenge. Pregnancy and beyond is a potentially important window for future weight gain in women. We investigated associations between maternal adherence to the New Nordic diet (NND) during pregnancy and maternal BMI trajectories from delivery to 8 years post delivery. Data are from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort. Pregnant women from all of Norway were recruited between 1999 and 2008, and 55 056 are included in the present analysis...
June 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
keyword
keyword
4391
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"