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Breast-feeding

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049351/the-impact-of-breast-reduction-surgery-on-breastfeeding-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#1
Roni Y Kraut, Erin Brown, Christina Korownyk, Lauren S Katz, Ben Vandermeer, Oksana Babenko, M Shirley Gross, Sandy Campbell, G Michael Allan
BACKGROUND: Almost half a million breast reduction surgeries are performed internationally each year, yet it is unclear how this type of surgery impacts breastfeeding. This is particularly important given the benefits of breastfeeding. OBJECTIVES: To determine if breast reduction surgery impacts breastfeeding success and whether different surgical techniques differentially impact breast feeding success. METHODS: Databases were searched up to September 5, 2017...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043282/the-effect-of-aromatherapy-treatment-on-fatigue-and-relaxation-for-mothers-during-the-early-puerperal-period-in-japan-a-pilot-study
#2
Kyoko Asazawa, Yoshihiro Kato, Atsuko Yamaguchi, Asako Inoue
BACKGROUND: Early in the postpartum period, mothers are often nervous and tired from the delivery, breast-feeding and caring for a new-born. The aim of this study was to evaluate the process and outcome of using aromatherapy treatments to increase relaxation and decrease fatigue for mothers during the first to the seventh day of the postpartum period. METHODS: This non-randomized controlled study with a quasi-experimental one-group pretest-posttest design was used to evaluate scores in relaxation and fatigue before and after the intervention...
October 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038708/factors-affecting-the-choice-of-type-of-delivery-with-breast-feeding-in-iranian-mothers
#3
Farangis Sharifi, Soheila Nouraei, Nader Sharifi
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the factors affecting the choice of type of delivery with breast feeding in Iranian mothers. METHODS: This Cross section descriptive analytic study was performed using a random sampling technique, using data from 400 pregnant women who attended the maternity centers in Borazjan and Kazerun in Iran in 2014. A questionnaire covering demographic characteristics, mode of delivery and postpartum conditions was completed for each mother...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037307/effect-of-multiparity-on-bone-mineral-density-evaluated-with-bone-turnover-markers
#4
Hasan Terzi, Rabia Terzi, Ebru Kale, Ahmet Kale
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the effect of parity on osteoporosis by evaluating bone mineral density, markers of bone turn-over and other factors that are effective in osteoporosis in multiparous (five deliveries or more) and nulliparous women in the post-menopausal period. METHODS: A total of 91 multiparous (five deliveries or more) and 31 nulliparous postmenopausal women were included in this study. All patients were interviewed on sociodemographic characteristics, gynecologic history, personal habits, levels of physical activity, and life-long intake of calcium...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033021/-smoking-cessation-and-pregnancy
#5
M Underner, O Pourrat, J Perriot, G Peiffer, N Jaafari
Active and passive smoking during pregnancy induce several deleterious effects that may have a negative impact on pregnancy progress, fetus development and both mother and newborn health. Smoking cessation should be a rule for any woman as soon as the beginning of her pregnancy, or better in anticipation of a pregnancy when contraception is no more taken. Every caregiver must help every pregnant woman who smokes to quit smoking. Smoking cessation interventions in pregnant women must combine a psychological support (mainly with cognitive behavioral therapy) and nicotine replacement therapy, which can also be used during breast feeding...
October 9, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029802/early-life-environmental-exposures-interact-with-genetic-susceptibility-variants-in-pediatric-patients-with-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#6
Elizabeth T Jensen, Jonathan T Kuhl, Lisa J Martin, Carl D Langefeld, Evan S Dellon, Marc E Rothenberg
BACKGROUND: Although eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is associated with certain gene variants, the rapidly increasing incidence of EoE suggests that environmental factors contribute to disease development. OBJECTIVE: We tested for gene-environment interaction between EoE-predisposing polymorphisms (within TSLP, LOC283710/KLF13, CAPN14, CCL26, and TGFB) and implicated early-life factors (antibiotic use in infancy, cesarean delivery, breast-feeding, neonatal intensive care unit [NICU] admission, and absence of pets in the home)...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027330/poor-nutrition-from-first-foods-a-cross-sectional-study-of-complementary-feeding-of-infants-and-young-children-in-six-remote-aboriginal-communities-across-northern-australia
#7
Dympna Leonard, Danielle Aquino, Nyssa Hadgraft, Fintan Thompson, Julia V Marley
AIM: To describe the first foods of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander infants and young children who were recruited to a nutrition promotion and anaemia prevention program conducted from 2010 to 2012, in six remote communities across northern Australia. METHODS: Food records (24-hour diet history, food variety checklist) were completed on recruitment by interview with a parent or carer. Cross-sectional analysis assessed the proportion of participants consuming recommended and not-recommended foods and drinks and meeting recommendations for meal frequency and dietary diversity...
October 13, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025438/pre-gestational-excessive-weight-and-duration-of-breast-feeding
#8
Andréa M Sotero, Haroldo da S Ferreira, Monica L Assunção, Pedro Israel C de Lira
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether pre-gestational obesity interferes with the duration of breast-feeding. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was carried out with a population-based probabilistic sample. The dependent variables were exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) and breast-feeding (BF), as defined by the WHO. The classification of pre-gestational nutritional status was based on the pre-gestational BMI category. SUBJECTS: A sample of 418 mother-infant pairs from the state of Alagoas, Brazil...
October 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985745/mucus-and-mucins-do-they-have-a-role-in-the-inhibition-of-the-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#9
REVIEW
Anwar Suleman Mall, Habtom Habte, Yolanda Mthembu, Julia Peacocke, Corena de Beer
BACKGROUND: Mucins are large O-linked glycosylated proteins which give mucus their gel-forming properties. There are indications that mucus and mucins in saliva, breast milk and in the cervical plug inhibit the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) in an in vitro assay. Crude mucus gels form continuous layers on the epithelial surfaces of the major internal tracts of the body and protect these epithelial surfaces against aggressive luminal factors such as hydrochloric acid and pepsin proteolysis in the stomach lumen, the movement of hard faecal pellets in the colon at high pressure, the effects of shear against the vaginal epithelium during intercourse and the presence of foreign substances in the respiratory airways...
October 6, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980846/influence-of-sociocultural-practices-on-food-and-nutrition-security-in-karamoja-subregion-of-uganda
#10
C Muggaga, D Ongeng, B Mugonola, I Okello-Uma, N A Kaaya, D Taylor
The study determined the influence of sociocultural practices on food and nutrition security of children and women in Karamoja subregion, located in northeastern Uganda. Sixteen focus group discussions were conducted among 133 participants. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Findings indicate that cultural norms, myths, and taboos restrict consumption of animal-sourced foods and some green vegetables by women. Sociocultural practices promoted prelacteal feeding, affecting the implementation of World Health Organization's recommendations for exclusive breast feeding...
September 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980521/the-impact-of-sociodemographic-and-health-service-factors-on-breast-feeding-in-sub-saharan-african-countries-with-high-diarrhoea-mortality
#11
Felix A Ogbo, John Eastwood, Andrew Page, Oniovo Efe-Aluta, Chukwudi Anago-Amanze, Eshioramhe A Kadiri, Ifegwu K Ifegwu, Sue Woolfenden, Kingsley E Agho
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to examine the impact of sociodemographic and health-service factors on breast-feeding in sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries with high diarrhoea mortality. DESIGN: The study used the most recent and pooled Demographic and Health Survey data sets collected in nine SSA countries with high diarrhoea mortality. Multivariate logistic regression models that adjusted for cluster and sampling weights were used to investigate the association between sociodemographic and health-service factors and breast-feeding in SSA countries...
October 5, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977316/pediatricians-representations-on-dairy-alternatives-when-weaning-is-unavoidable
#12
Vicente Sarubbi, Camila Junqueira Muylaert, Isabella Teixeira Bastos, Paulo Rogério Gallo, Claudio Leone
OBJECTIVE: To analyze pediatricians' representations on the nutritional alternatives that are adopted when weaning becomes inevitable. METHODS: This is a mixed cross-sectional analytical study with probabilistic sampling. Fifty-seven randomly selected pediatricians were interviewed with the use of a semi-structured script for thematic analysis. The technique of free evocations was used, and the terms were processed using software EVOC 2005. The thematic categories were established on software NVivo10, and their co-occurrence matrix was exported and analyzed in terms of their simple similarity hierarchy on software CHIC...
January 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969210/prevention-of-parent-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-single-centre-experience-of-14-years-at-tertiary-care-hospital-in-delhi-india
#13
A G Radhika, Sonia Chawla, Sruthi Bhaskaran
INTRODUCTION: Prevention of Parent To Child Transmission (PPTCT) of HIV/AIDS is an integral component of AIDS control programme. PPTCT is an ongoing programme since last 15 years. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the reduction in the burden of disease in newborn and infants by prevention of parents to child transmission of HIV/AIDS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in a tertiary care hospital of Delhi from May 2002 to May 2015...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968868/international-multi-centre-study-of-pregnancy-outcomes-with-interleukin-1-inhibitors
#14
Taryn Youngstein, Patrycja Hoffmann, Ahmet Gül, Thirusha Lane, Rene Williams, Dorota M Rowczenio, Huri Ozdogan, Serdal Ugurlu, John Ryan, Len Harty, Sean Riminton, Alex P Headley, Joachim Roesler, Norbert Blank, Jasmin B Kuemmerle-Deschner, Anna Simon, Adrian S Woolf, Philip N Hawkins, Helen J Lachmann
Objective: To provide outcome data concerning pregnancies exposed to the Interleukin-1 (IL-1) inhibitors prior to conception in both men and women, during pregnancy and breast feeding. Methods: Retrospective data were collected from members of the International Society for Systemic Autoinflammatory diseases and collated in a single centre. A uniform data collection sheet was used to obtain standardized data including maternal age and diagnosis, type, duration of and response to IL-1 blockade, pregnancy duration, delivery, mode of feeding and neonatal development...
August 23, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965508/addressing-barriers-to-exclusive-breast-feeding-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-programmatic-implications
#15
Justine A Kavle, Elizabeth LaCroix, Hallie Dau, Cyril Engmann
OBJECTIVE: Despite numerous global initiatives on breast-feeding, trend data show exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) rates have stagnated over the last two decades. The purpose of the present systematic review was to determine barriers to exclusive breast-feeding in twenty-five low- and middle-income countries and discuss implications for programmes. DESIGN: A search of Scopus, MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsychINFO was conducted to retrieve studies from January 2000 to October 2015...
October 2, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961712/vedolizumab-levels-in-breast-milk-of-nursing-mothers-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#16
Adi Lahat, Ariella Bar-Gil Shitrit, Timna Naftali, Yael Milgrom, Rami Elyakim, Eran Goldin, Nina Levhar, Limor Selinger, Tzufit Zuker, Ella Fudim, Orit Picard, Miri Yavzori, Shomron Ben-Horin
Introduction: There are no data on the transfer of vedolizumab in breast milk of nursing mothers. We aimed to assess the presence of vedolizumab in breast milk of nursing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. Methods: This was a prospective observational study of vedolizumab-treated breast-feeding patients with IBD. Serum and breast milk samples were obtained at pre-defined time-points. The in-house developed ELISA assay for measuring vedolizumab in blood was adapted and validated for measurement of drug in breast milk...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958831/no-direct-correlation-between-rotavirus-diarrhea-and-breast-feeding-a-meta-analysis
#17
Jian Shen, Bi-Meng Zhang, Sheng-Guo Zhu, Jian-Jie Chen
BACKGROUND: Some studies indicated that children with exclusive breast feeding had a reduction in the prevalence of rotavirus diarrhea, while some others held the opposite views. In this study, we aimed to systematically find the associations between rotavirus diarrhea and breast feeding. METHODS: A literature search up to June 2016 in electronic literature databases, including PubMed and Embase, was performed. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used to conduct the quality assessment of all the selected studies...
August 26, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955104/parturients-awareness-and-perception-of-benefits-of-breast-feeding-in-the-prevention-of-infant-and-childhood-oral-and-dental-diseases
#18
Charles E Anyanechi, Kufre J Ekabua, Ansa B Ekpenyong, John E Ekabua
BACKGROUND: Breastfed babies have a better chance of improved oral and dental health than their counterparts that were artificially-fed. OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge and attitude of postnatal mothers on the benefits of breastfeeding in prevention of oral and dental diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross - sectional descriptive survey of 206 mothers attending the postnatal clinic of the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar on the knowledge and attitude of breastfeeding in prevention of oral diseases in infants...
June 2017: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953843/what-are-the-risks-associated-with-different-selective-serotonin-re-uptake-inhibitors-ssris-to-treat-depression-and-anxiety-in-pregnancy-an-evaluation-of-current-evidence
#19
Kate Womersley, Katherine Ripullone, Mark Agius
A literature review was conducted to elucidate the respective reproductive safety profiles of different SSRIs to inform the prescribing practices of doctors treating pregnant women with anxiety and depression. BACKGROUND: Women are most likely to be diagnosed with depression or anxiety between the ages of 25 and 44 years, which are also the years of childbearing potential (Burke et al., 1991). Therefore a substantial number of women face a decision about whether or not to take an antidepressant or anxiolytic during pregnancy...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947412/chelonitoxism-in-breast-fed-child-cases-in-mahajanga-madagascar
#20
N G Rasamimanana, J C Randrianandrasana, K D Andrianarimanana, H Rabesandratana, N E Raveloson, A Ralison
Chelonitoxism is a form of food poisoning due to the consumption of sea turtle flesh or viscera, which contain marine toxins called chelonitoxins. Because the passage of these toxins into breast milk is thought to be fatal to breastfed babies, we sought to confirm the possibility of this transmission of toxins through breastfeeding and to determine the symptoms of mothers and the severity of poisoning in babies. A recent case of collective consumption of sea turtle meat from the species Eretmochelys imbricata in western Madagascar affected 76 victims...
August 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
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