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trans thoracic echo

Jagdish C Mohan, Madhu Shukla, Vishwas Mohan, Arvind Sethi
Left atrial dissection is a very uncommon complication of cardiac surgery and usually causes significant hemodynamic compromise. Little is known about spontaneous dissection of the left atrium. Two patients, one middle-aged man and another elderly woman were evaluated following stroke. Routine trans-thoracic echocardiogram showed vertical division of the left atrium with both chambers communicating with each other through an orifice. Detailed trans-oesophageal echocardiographic study revealed dissection of the left atrium producing an additional false chamber (pseudo-aneurysm) placed posterior to the left atrial appendage and above the postero-lateral aspect of mitral annulus...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Maria Maiello, Annapaola Zito, Annagrazia Cecere, Marco Matteo Ciccone, Pasquale Palmiero
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of heart failure among diabetic patients is high, also in those with normal blood pressure and without coronary artery disease, even when electrocardiogram (ECG) is normal. The goal of our study was to assess the prevalence of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) among diabetic women (DW) and its correlation with glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, obesity status, and ECG parameters. METHODS: A group of 456 consecutive normotensive postmenopausal women affected by type 2 diabetes, diagnosed over 5 years, were enrolled...
September 26, 2016: Cardiology Journal
Carmine Siniscalchi, Pietro Rossetti, Anna Rocci, Pasquale Rubino, Manuela Basaglia, Nicola Gaibazzi, Roberto Quintavalla
A 76 year-old woman was admitted to the Emergency Department for recent-onset dyspnea and cough. The electrocardiogram was considered inconclusive. A thoracic X-ray showed global cardiac profile enlargement. Computed tomography, acutely performed in the clinical suspicion of atypical pneumonia/myocarditis or pericardial effusion, showed cardiac enlargement especially of the right chambers. In order to investigate Ebstein's anomaly, pericardial cysts, tumors or other conditions of the right heart a simple trans-thoracic echocardiogram was performed...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
L Faconti, C E Mills, S Morant, H Gu, B Jiang, J K Cruickshank, A J Webb
OBJECTIVE: Patients with type II diabetes (T2DM) are at 2-3 fold excess risk of heart failure. Its prevention and treatment are poor. Here we tested the hypothesis that spironolactone, perhaps by limiting myocardial fibrosis, and inorganic nitrate, which acutely affects myocardial dynamics, would improve cardiac structure and function beyond effects of blood pressure (BP) in these patients. DESIGN AND METHOD: 104 patients with or at risk of T2DM participated in a factorial design, double blind, randomised controlled trial (VaSera)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Awadhesh Kr Sharma, Ranjit Kumar Nath, Neeraj Pandit
We present a case of sinus venosus atrial septal defect in a patient who was previously diagnosed as having primary pulmonary hypertension in a tertiary care center. Our findings are based on 2-dimensional trans-thoracic echocardiography, chest X-ray and surface electrocardiogram. A 26-year-old man, previously diagnosed as a case of primary pulmonary hypertension, presented to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain and breathlessness on exertion. Cardiac biomarkers were within their normal ranges. Surface electrocardiogram showed right atrial and ventricular overload with right axis deviation...
March 2016: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
Manish Bhartiya, Puneet Saxena, Dharmender Singh, V K Sashindran
We report a 42 year old non-smoker male who presented with progressive exertional dyspnoea, productive cough with streaky hemoptysis and progressive pedal edema. His physical examination, ECG, chest X-ray and 2D-ECHO revealed features suggestive of right heart failure and pulmonary hypertension. On further evaluation for the cause of pulmonary hypertension, his CT pulmonary angiography revealed features of chronic pulmonary thromboembolism with calcified thrombus in the main pulmonary artery along with pulmonary hypertension...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
Manouchehr Hekmat, Hamid Ghaderi, Hassan Tatari, Abbas Arjmand Shabestari, Seyedeh Adeleh Mirjafari
Pericardial cysts are rare lesions. These benign anomalies are located in the middle mediastinum. In this article, we present a 24-year-old man who was referred to the emergency department with dyspnea and persistent cough. In physical exam, no abnormality was found. His past medical history was normal. His trans-thoracic echocardiogram showed an echo-lucent space next to the right atrium at the right cardiophrenic angle. No pericardial effusion was found. The patient underwent surgery. After midsternotomy, a huge cyst measuring approximately 13 × 8 × 5 cm in diameters was found on the right side and outside the pericardium that was totally excised...
January 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
Fereshteh Salimi, Ali Hekmatnia, Javad Shahabi, Amir Keshavarzian, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Amir Hosein Davarpanah Jazi
BACKGROUND: Proper placement of central venous catheter (CVC) tip could reduce early and late catheter-related complications. Although the live fluoroscopy is standard of care for placement of the catheter, it is not available in many centers. Therefore, the present study evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of bedside chest X-ray (CXR) for proper positioning of the catheter tip. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 82 adult patients undergoing elective placement of tunneled CVC were enrolled in this study during 2010-2012...
January 2015: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Yoshiyuki Kudo, Kenji Suda, Hironaga Yoshimoto, Yozo Teramachi, Shintaro Kishimoto, Motofumi Iemura, Toyojiro Matsuishi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop trans-pulmonary echocardiography (TPE) to guide device closure of patent ductus arteriosus (DC-PDA). BACKGROUND: Aortography requires a large amount of contrast yet may give us an inadequate image to evaluate anatomy or residual shunt in patients with large PDA or dilated vessels and is precluded in patients with renal dysfunction. Practically, there is no imaging modality to monitor the entire procedure except for trans-esophageal echocardiography that requires general anesthesia...
August 2015: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Michael Yeong, Marcus Silbery, Kirsten Finucane, Nigel J Wilson, Thomas L Gentles
Rheumatic mitral valve disease is associated with valvulitis and valvular regurgitation; however, the effect of the rheumatic process on the mitral valve geometry and function is not well understood. To assess mitral valve annulus remodelling in rheumatic mitral valve disease, 16 subjects aged 6-15 years with rheumatic mitral valve regurgitation [MR] [6 mild or moderate (Group 1), 10 severe (Group 2)] and 7 age- and body size-matched normal controls with adequate trans-thoracic echocardiograms were recruited...
April 2015: Pediatric Cardiology
Huawei Dong, Brandon Grimes, Scott Oh, Irawan Susanto
Bronchology/Interventional Student/Resident Case Report Posters IISESSION TYPE: Medical Student/Resident Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Cerebral arterial gas embolism (CAGE) is a rare but potentially catastrophic result of introducing air into the systemic arterial circulation. It is usually associated with vascular procedures. We describe a case associated with endobronchial biopsies of invasive mycosis under positive pressure ventilation.CASE PRESENTATION: A 63-year-old man with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis status post left single lung transplant and prior pulmonary embolism underwent outpatient bronchoscopy for anastomotic site stenosis...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Ryan Schroeder, Benjamin Beran, Samih Mawari, Kenneth Presberg, Suzanne Walczak
SESSION TITLE: Critical Care Student/Resident Case Report Posters IISESSION TYPE: Medical Student/Resident Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Thyrotoxicosis is a known cause of pulmonary hypertension (PH), and is also linked to pregnancy, in particular elevated human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) states. We present a case of thyrotoxicosis causing PH in the setting of a molar pregnancy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old previously healthy African-American female was diagnosed with a molar pregnancy and coexistent normal fetus in the first trimester...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Raviraj Gogia, Bhupesh Kumar, Aveek Jayant
The ductus arteriosus occupies a uniquely privileged position in the management of heart disease; it initiated not only the surgical management of congenital lesions but also the percutaneous management of this subset. During trans-thoracic echocardiography (TTE) the ductus is often visualized using 'high' parasternal (or the 'ductal' view) or suprasternal windows. It is generally agreed that imaging ductus during transesophageal echo (TEE) can be sub-optimal. During TEE imaging, visualization of the ductus arteriosus is obscured by the acoustic impedance offered by the left main bronchus; adjunct techniques such as insertion of a saline filled balloon in this airway have been used...
October 2014: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Leanne Harling, Hutan Ashrafian, Roberto P Casula, Thanos Athanasiou
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) complicates approximately 1-5% of patients presenting with penetrating chest trauma, however not all VSDs are evident at the time of initial presentation to the emergency department. Acute closure of traumatic VSDs is indicated in patients with a large defect and haemodynamic compromise, however closure may be delayed in smaller defects in order to minimise operative time, reduce operative mortality and allow for recovery from the initial trauma. We describe the case of a previously healthy 23 year-old Caucasian man who presented in extremis following stab wounds to the precordium...
2014: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Michael L O'Byrne, Andrew C Glatz, David J Goldberg, Russell Shinohara, Yoav Dori, Jonathan J Rome, Matthew J Gillespie
OBJECTIVE: Deficient retro-aortic rim has been identified as a risk factor for device erosion following trans-catheter closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs). Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the primary screening method for subjects for possible device closure of ASD, but its reliability in measuring retro-aortic rim size has not been assessed previously. DESIGN: A single-institution cross-sectional analysis of children and adults referred for trans-catheter device closure of single ostium secundum ASD from January 1, 2005 to April 1, 2012 with reviewable TTE and trans-esophageal echocardiogram images was performed...
July 2015: Congenital Heart Disease
Ah Gajjar, Jt Atherton
Cardiac chamber rupture in blunt trauma is uncommon and is associated with a high mortality rate. We report a patient involved in a motor vehicle collision with an isolated right atrial injury resulting in a pericardial effusion associated with hemodynamic compromise. A 20 year-old intoxicated female was transported after sustaining a collision in her vehicle. The patient remained mildly hypotensive and tachycardic despite volume resuscitation. FAST was negative showing good cardiac motion and no fluid in her abdomen...
2011: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Emin M Akbas, Hikmet Hamur, Levent Demirtas, Eftal M Bakirci, Adalet Ozcicek, Fatih Ozcicek, Ufuk Kuyrukluyildiz, Kultigin Turkmen
BACKGROUND: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), visceral fat depot of the heart, was found to be associated with coronary artery disease in cardiac and non-cardiac patients. Platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were introduced as potential markers to determine inflammation in various disorders. Recently, atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) was found to be closely associated with atherosclerosis in general population. Waist circumference is commonly used to assess the risk factors in various metabolic disorders...
2014: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Adebayo T Oyedeji, Adeseye A Akintunde, Olukolade O Owojori, Johnson O Peter
Trans-thoracic echocardiography (TTE) is an important non-invasive cardiac examination that provides structural and functional information. It is useful in the diagnosis of cardiac diseases and often guides the management and follow-up of patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The study aimed to present an audit of the echocardiograms performed in an urban private hospital over a two-year period in order to define the pattern of cardiac diseases in our center. Echocardiogram reports of 168 consecutive patients performed between May 2011 and April 2013 at an organized private sector hospital in Lagos, south-west Nigeria were reviewed...
2014: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
E Bronte, Rl Trovato, R Di Miceli, V Sucato, P Candela, G Brancatelli, S Novo
We report a rare case of "situs viscerum ambiguous" with polysplenia syndrome, in a 69 year old female patient with aortic stenosis and chronic atrial fibrillation. The presenting symptom was dyspnoea on moderate exertion and an ECG showed supra ventricular arrhythmia. Patients trans-thoracic echocardiogram revealed a dilated left atrium, reduced ejection fraction, mild tricuspid regurgitation, moderate-severe pulmonary hypertension and severe aortic stenosis. The patient was successfully treated with a replacement of her aortic valve and ascending aorta...
November 2013: Acta Clinica Belgica
Ofer Havakuk, Michal Entin-Meer, Jeremy Ben-Shoshan, Pavel Goryainov, Sofia Maysel-Auslender, Erel Joffe, Gad Keren
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D has been shown to induce beneficial effects on cardiovascular and renal morbidity by regulating inflammation and tissue fibrosis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of vitamin D analogues on cardiac function and fibrosis in an animal model of cardiorenal syndrome. METHODS: Unilateral nephrectomy was performed and myocardial infarction induced in rats. The rats were treated with vitamin D receptor activator (VDRA, paricalcitol, 40 ng/250 g x 3/week) versus a vehicle...
November 2013: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
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