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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349653/exploring-the-experiences-of-middle-income-mothers-in-practicing-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-nairobi-kenya
#1
Caroline W Wainaina, Milka Wanjohi, Frederick Wekesah, Gillian Woolhead, Elizabeth Kimani-Murage
Objectives To establish exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practice, women are encouraged to initiate breastfeeding of their newborns within one hour of delivery and breastfeed exclusively for the first 6 months of the infant's life. Research in Kenya has shown evidence of a reduced rate of EBF with an increase in socio-economic class (SES). This study explores the experiences of middle-income women so as to understand their attitudes and practices of EBF and to contribute toward the Baby Friendly Hospital (BFHI) and Baby Friendly Community Initiatives (BFCI) programs in Kenya...
January 18, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348098/safety-of-fenbendazole-in-common-peafowl-pavo-cristatus
#2
Sajid Umar, Seema Abbas, Muhammad Irfan Khan, Qamarun Nisa, Muhammad Younus, Kiran Aqil, Rizwan Qayyum, Muhammad Yaqoob, Asif Ali, Muhammad Asif Yaseen, Muhammad Ali Shah
The present study was undertaken to find out the safety levels of fenbendazole in common peafowl. This bird, raised on aviaries and zoos, can be severely parasitized with Ascaridia galli (enteric worms) and Syngamus trachea (gapeworm) along with other parasitic worms. Fenbendazole is a highly effective benzimidazole-class anthelmintic in animals. The objective of this work was to provide target animal safety data in young peafowl and to demonstrate reproductive safety in adult birds. During the experimental study, diets containing fenbendazole at 0, 100, 200 and 300 ppm were fed for 21 days (three times the normal treatment duration)...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346196/effectiveness-of-centeringpregnancy-on-breast-feeding-initiation-among-african-americans-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Karen Robinson, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal, Lisa Hanson
While breast-feeding initiation rates for African American mothers are low, an innovative model of group prenatal care, CenteringPregnancy, holds promise to increase breast-feeding rates. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the effects of CenteringPregnancy versus individual prenatal care on breast-feeding initiation among African American mothers. Using a systematic approach and PRISMA guidelines, 4 electronic databases were used to search the literature. English-language studies, comparing CenteringPregnancy and individual prenatal care, including African American participants, and specifying breast-feeding initiation as an outcome were screened for inclusion...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344559/infant-feeding-regimens-and-gastrointestinal-tolerance-a-multicenter-prospective-observational-cohort-study-in-china
#4
Meng Mao, Lan Zhang, John Ge, Jian Yan, Robert Northington, Manjiang Yao, Joyce Nowacki, Nicholas P Hays
To study feeding tolerance in infants fed formula with increased sn-2 palmitate and oligofructose (sn-2+OF) in a real-world setting, healthy Chinese infants were enrolled in this 48-day observational study on their current feeding regimens: exclusively breastfed (BF; n = 147), exclusively sn-2+OF formula-fed (FF; n = 150), or mixed-fed with breast milk and sn-2+OF formula (MF; n = 163). Throughout the study, incidence (90% confidence interval) of hard stools was ≤2.1% (0.0-5.3) in FF and 0.8% (0.0-3.5) in MF, with no hard stools in BF...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344209/the-effect-of-royal-jelly-on-the-growth-of-breast-cancer-in-mice
#5
Shuang Zhang, Qiqi Shao, Haiyang Geng, Songkun Su
Due to various pharmacological properties, including antioxidative, anti-inflammatory and antibiotic properties, royal jelly (RJ) has been widely consumed in daily diets in numerous countries. In the present study, the effect of RJ on 4T1-bearing mice was investigated. The study was performed by feeding 4T1-bearing mice with RJ using either the prophylactic-therapeutic (PTRJ) or therapeutic (TRJ) method. The experimental results for the PTRJ group demonstrated that the weight of tumor was significantly reduced (RJ 0...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343313/eucalyptus-leaves-powder-antibiotic-and-probiotic-addition-to-broiler-diets-effect-on-growth-performance-immune-response-blood-components-and-carcass-traits
#6
H Mashayekhi, M Mazhari, O Esmaeilipour
The study was conducted to investigate the effects of different levels of eucalyptus powder (EP), virginiamycin and probiotic on performance, immunity, blood components and carcass traits of broiler chickens. A total of 250, 1-day-old male broiler chickens (Ross 308) were randomly allocated to five treatments with five replicates and 10 chicks each, as a completely randomized design. The dietary treatments consisted of: basal diet (BD), BD+0.25% EP, BD+0.5% EP, BD+0.01% of diet probiotic (Protexin), BD+0.02% of diet antibiotic (virginiamycin)...
January 18, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340904/turkish-women-s-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-on-wet-nursing-milk-sharing-and-human-milk-banking
#7
Ahmet Ergin, S Utku Uzun
Purpose The aim of this study was to determine Turkish women's knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors on wet-nursing, milk sharing, and human milk banking in a primary care setting located in a semi-rural area. Description Donated human milk is a feasible option for feeding infants and children. Currently, there is a debate on the topic starts with the preparations to launch a human milk bank in a large city in Turkey. Several previous papers reported women's opinions in large hospital based studies. Little is known about women's views and practice on donated human milk in the rural areas of Turkey...
January 16, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340638/dietary-energy-digestible-lysine-and-available-phosphorus-levels-affect-growth-performance-carcass-traits-and-amino-acid-digestibility-of-broilers
#8
Nishchal K Sharma, Mingan Choct, Mehdi Toghyani, Yan C S M Laurenson, C K Girish, Robert A Swick
A 3-factor, 3-level Box-Behnken design was used to investigate the interaction effect of dietary digestible lysine (dLys, 9.5, 10.5, 11.5 g/kg), apparent metabolizable energy (AMEn, 12.77, 13.19, 13.61 MJ/kg) and available P (avP, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0 g/kg) levels on performance and amino acid (AA) digestibility of Ross 308 male broilers (n = 1,050) from d 14 to 34. The design consisted of 15 treatments each replicated 5 times with 12 birds per replicate. On d 34, 3 birds were sampled from each pen to collect ileal digesta (pooled per pen) to analyze AA...
January 11, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339259/perturbations-of-the-gut-microbiome-genes-in-infants-with-atopic-dermatitis-according-to-feeding-type
#9
Min-Jung Lee, Mi-Jin Kang, So-Yeon Lee, Eun Lee, Kangjin Kim, Sungho Won, Dong In Suh, Kyung Won Kim, Youn Ho Sheen, Kangmo Ahn, Bong-Soo Kim, Soo-Jong Hong
BACKGROUND: Perturbations of the infant gut microbiota can shape the development of the immune system and link to the risk of allergic diseases. OBJECTIVE: To understand the role of the gut microbiome in atopic dermatitis, the metagenome of the infant gut microbiome was analyzed according to feeding types. METHODS: The composition of gut microbiota was analyzed in fecal samples from 129 infants (6-month-old) by pyrosequencing, including 66 healthy infants and 63 infants with atopic dermatitis...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330856/reproductive-history-breast-feeding-and-risk-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-the-breast-cancer-etiology-in-minorities-bem-study
#10
Esther M John, Lisa M Hines, Amanda I Phipps, Jocelyn Koo, Teri A Longacre, Sue A Ingles, Kathy B Baumgartner, Martha L Slattery, Anna H Wu
Few risk factors have been identified for triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) which lacks expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). This more aggressive subtype disproportionately affects some racial/ethnic minorities and is associated with lower survival. We pooled data from three population-based studies (558 TNBC and 5,111 controls) and examined associations of TNBC risk with reproductive history and breast-feeding. We estimated odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) using multivariable logistic regression...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328393/paediatric-virology-and-its-interaction-between-basic-science-and-clinical-practice-review
#11
Ioannis N Mammas, Anne Greenough, Maria Theodoridou, Anna Kramvis, Maria Rusan, Angeliki Melidou, Paraskevi Korovessi, Georgia Papaioannou, Alexia Papatheodoropoulou, Chryssie Koutsaftiki, Maria Liston, George Sourvinos, Demetrios A Spandidos
The 3rd Workshop on Paediatric Virology, which took place on October 7th, 2017 in Athens, Greece, highlighted the role of breast feeding in the prevention of viral infections during the first years of life. Moreover, it focused on the long-term outcomes of respiratory syncytial virus and rhinovirus infections in prematurely born infants and emphasised the necessity for the development of relevant preventative strategies. Other topics that were covered included the vaccination policy in relation to the migration crisis, mother‑to‑child transmission of hepatitis B and C viruses, vaccination against human papilloma viruses in boys and advances on intranasal live‑attenuated vaccination against influenza...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325547/paracrine-and-epigenetic-control-of-caf-induced-metastasis-the-role-of-hotair-stimulated-by-tgf-%C3%A3-1-secretion
#12
Yu Ren, Huan-Huan Jia, Yi-Qi Xu, Xuan Zhou, Xiao-Hui Zhao, Yun-Fei Wang, Xin Song, Zhi-Yan Zhu, Ting Sun, Yan Dou, Wei-Ping Tian, Xiu-Lan Zhao, Chun-Sheng Kang, Mei Mei
BACKGROUND: The communication between carcinoma associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and cancer cells facilitate tumor metastasis. In this study, we further underlying the epigenetic mechanisms of CAFs feed the cancer cells and the molecular mediators involved in these processes. METHODS: MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells were treated with CAFs culture conditioned medium, respectively. Cytokine antibody array, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, western blotting and immunofluorescence were used to identify the key chemokines...
January 11, 2018: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325148/effect-of-dietary-%C3%AE-alanine-supplementation-on-growth-performance-meat-quality-carnosine-content-and-gene-expression-of-carnosine-related-enzymes-in-broilers
#13
Bo Qi, Jing Wang, You-Biao Ma, Shu-Geng Wu, Guang-Hai Qi, Hai-Jun Zhang
The objective of the current study was to investigate the effect of dietary β-alanine supplementation on growth performance, meat quality, antioxidant ability, carnosine content, and gene expression of carnosine-related enzymes in broiler chicks. We randomly assigned 540 1-day-old Arbor Acres broilers to 5 dietary treatments supplemented with 0 (control group), 250, 500, 1,000, or 2,000 mg/kg of β-alanine (mg β-alanine per kg feed). Each treatment included 6 replicates of 18 birds. The feeding trial lasted for 42 d...
January 6, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324318/a-feasibility-study-of-a-multidimensional-breastfeeding-support-intervention-in-ireland
#14
Goiuri Alberdi, Elizabeth J O'Sullivan, Helena Scully, Niamh Kelly, Regina Kincaid, Rosie Murtagh, Stephanie Murray, Denise McGuinness, Ashamole Clive, Mary Brosnan, Lucille Sheehy, Elizabeth Dunn, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the optimum mode of infant feeding. Despite this, most global populations do not achieve the World Health Organisation's recommendation of exclusive breast milk for the first 6 months of life. Irish breastfeeding rates are among the lowest in Europe, necessitating a well-designed breastfeeding-support intervention. AIM: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a multidimensional breastfeeding intervention in a rural and an urban maternity setting in Ireland...
December 24, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317437/infant-feeding-practices-among-hiv-exposed-infants-less-than-6-months-of-age-in-bomet-county-kenya-an-in-depth-qualitative-study-of-feeding-choices
#15
Purity Chepkorir Lang'at, Irene Ogada, Audrey Steenbeek, Noni E MacDonald, Sophie Ochola, Wesley Bor, Godfrey Odinga
BACKGROUND: In children, HIV can be acquired from the mother during pregnancy, delivery and through breast milk. The WHO recommends exclusive breast feeding or exclusive replacement feeding for the first 6 months after birth for HIV-exposed infants. Barriers such as HIV-related stigma, inadequate resources, lack of access to safe water and negative cultural beliefs have been shown to influence infant feeding among HIV-exposed infants in some settings. In Kenya, there is limited literature on the barriers...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316209/infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-emergencies-organisational-policies-and-activities-during-the-refugee-crisis-in-lebanon
#16
Linda Shaker-Berbari, Hala Ghattas, Andrew G Symon, Annie S Anderson
Appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) is key to reducing mortality amongst children aged under 2. Facilitating adherence to recommended IYCF practices during emergencies includes having relevant policies to support breastfeeding and complementary feeding as well as regulating the distribution of breast milk substitutes. In the current crisis, more than 1.2 million Syrian refugees are in Lebanon and it is timely to examine organisational IYCF policies and programmes. One hundred and thirty-five non-governmental organisations providing humanitarian aid in Lebanon were invited to participate in an online survey about organisational policies and programmatic activities on IYCF...
January 8, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315586/dietary-enzymatically-treated-artemisia-annua-l-improves-meat-quality-antioxidant-capacity-and-energy-status-of-breast-muscle-in-heat-stressed-broilers
#17
Xiaoli Wan, Hussain Ahmad, Lili Zhang, Zhiyue Wang, Tian Wang
BACKGROUND: Heat stress (HS) is detrimental to animal origin food production. Artemisia annua L., a natural source of phenolic compounds and flavonoids, exhibits antioxidant property. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary enzymatically treated Artemisia annua L. (EA) supplementation on meat quality, antioxidant capacity and energy status of breast muscle in heat-stressed broilers. RESULTS: The EA inclusion increased the redness value, reduced drip loss, decreased reactive oxygen metabolites and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, increased antioxidant enzyme activities, and reduced the ferric reducing antioxidant power and free radical scavenging abilities of breast muscle in heat-treated broilers...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313173/dietary-deoxynivalenol-does-not-affect-mineral-element-accumulation-in-breast-and-thigh-muscles-of-broiler-chicken
#18
Manfred Sager, Annegret Lucke, Khaled Ghareeb, Manoochehr Allymehr, Qendrim Zebeli, Josef Böhm
Deoxynivalenol (DON), a well-known contaminant of feed, can have negative effects on gut permeability and function in poultry, which then could affect major and trace element content of the broilers' breast and thigh muscles, and ultimately reduce meat quality. To study this hypothesis, DON-contaminated diet was fed to broiler chicks. Two groups of birds were housed in metabolic cages with free access to water and feed, with or without DON (10 mg/kg). After 5 weeks, birds were dissected and samples of the breast and thigh muscles, feed and droppings were analysed for five macro (Ca, K, Mg, Na, and P) and ten micro elements (Al, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Li, Mo, Ni, Pb, Rb, and Zn) by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) or inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) methods...
January 8, 2018: Mycotoxin Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307590/timing-of-introduction-of-complementary-foods-to-us-infants-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2009-2014
#19
Chloe M Barrera, Heather C Hamner, Cria G Perrine, Kelley S Scanlon
BACKGROUND: Although there has been inconsistency in recommendations regarding the optimal time for introducing complementary foods, most experts agree that introduction should not occur before 4 months. Despite recommendations, studies suggest that 20% to 40% of US infants are introduced to foods at younger than 4 months. Previous studies focused on the introduction of solid foods and are not nationally representative. OBJECTIVE: Our aims were to provide a nationally representative estimate of the timing of introduction of complementary foods and to describe predictors of early (<4 months) introduction...
December 26, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306891/community-pharmacists-services-for-women-during-pregnancy-and-breast-feeding-in-kuwait-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Abdullah Albassam, Abdelmoneim Awad
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to identify the services provided by community pharmacists in Kuwait and their views regarding self-care in pregnancy and lactation. In addition, it determined the pharmacists' recommendations for treatment of pregnancy-related and breast feeding-related ailments. DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey. SETTING: Community pharmacies in Kuwait. PARTICIPANTS: 207 pharmacies were randomly selected from the Ministry of Health database...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
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