keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ORL

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990685/national-trends-in-otolaryngology-intern-curricula-following-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-changes
#1
Kevin J Kovatch, Rebecca S Harvey, Mark E P Prince, Marc C Thorne
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: In 2016, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requirements for curriculum and resident experiences were modified to require entering postgraduate year (PGY)-1 residents to spend 6 months of structured education on otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS) rotations. We aimed to determine how ORL-HNS training programs have adapted curricula in response to 2016 ACGME curriculum requirement changes. STUDY DESIGN: Survey study...
October 9, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977805/tomographic-structural-changes-of-retinal-layers-after-internal-limiting-membrane-peeling-for-macular-hole-surgery
#2
Mun Yueh Faria, Nuno P Ferreira, Diana M Cristóvao, Sofia Mano, David Cordeiro Sousa, Manuel Monteiro-Grillo
PURPOSE: To highlight tomographic structural changes of retinal layers after internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling in macular hole surgery. METHODS: Nonrandomized prospective, interventional study in 38 eyes (34 patients) subjected to pars plana vitrectomy and ILM peeling for idiopathic macular hole. Retinal layers were assessed in nasal and temporal regions before and 6 months after surgery using spectral domain optical coherence tomography. RESULTS: Total retinal thickness increased in the nasal region and decreased in the temporal region...
October 5, 2017: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952522/in-vitro-growth-of-human-keratinocytes-and-oral-cancer-cells-into-microtissues-an-aerosol-based-microencapsulation-technique
#3
Wai Yean Leong, Chin Fhong Soon, Soon Chuan Wong, Kian Sek Tee, Sok Ching Cheong, Siew Hua Gan, Mansour Youseffi
Cells encapsulation is a micro-technology widely applied in cell and tissue research, tissue transplantation, and regenerative medicine. In this paper, we proposed a growth of microtissue model for the human keratinocytes (HaCaT) cell line and an oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell line (ORL-48) based on a simple aerosol microencapsulation technique. At an extrusion rate of 20 μL/min and air flow rate of 0.3 L/min programmed in the aerosol system, HaCaT and ORL-48 cells in alginate microcapsules were encapsulated in microcapsules with a diameter ranging from 200 to 300 μm...
May 14, 2017: Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931018/pyrethroid-resistance-alters-the-blood-feeding-behavior-in-puerto-rican-aedes-aegypti-mosquitoes-exposed-to-treated-fabric
#4
Natasha M Agramonte, Jeffrey R Bloomquist, Ulrich R Bernier
Emerging insecticide resistance is a major issue for vector control. It decreases the effectiveness of insecticides, thereby requiring greater quantities for comparable control with a net increase in risk of disease resurgence, product cost, and damage risk to the ecosystem. Pyrethroid resistance has been documented in Puerto Rican populations of Aedes aegypti (L.) mosquitoes. In this study, topical toxicity of five insecticides (permethrin, etofenprox, deltamethrin, DDT, transfluthrin) was determined for susceptible (Orlando-ORL) and resistant (Puerto Rico-PR) strains of Ae...
September 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925316/objective-assessment-of-technical-skills-in-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-residents-a-systematic-review
#5
Érika Mercier, Ségolène Chagnon-Monarque, François Lavigne, Tareck Ayad
Objectives The primary goal is the indexation of validated methods used to assess surgical competency in otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS) residents. Secondary goals include assessment of the reliability and validity of these tools, as well as the documentation of specific procedures in ORL-HNS involved. Data Sources MEDBASE, OVID, Medline, CINAHL, and EBM, as well as the printed references, available through the Université de Montréal library. Review Methods The PRISMA method was used to review digital and printed databases...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924082/analysis-of-cleaning-process-for-several-kinds-of-soil-by-probability-density-functional-method
#6
Akihiro Fujimoto, Terumasa Tanaka, Masaru Oya
A method of analyzing the detergency of various soils by assuming normal distributions for the soil adhesion and soil removal forces was developed by considering the relationship between the soil type and the distribution profile of the soil removal force. The effect of the agitation speed on the soil removal was also analyzed by this method. Washing test samples were prepared by soiling fabrics with individual soils such as particulate soils, oily dyes, and water-soluble dyes. Washing tests were conducted using a Terg-O-Tometer and four repetitive washing cycles of 5 min each...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912801/efficient-multiple-kernel-learning-algorithms-using-low-rank-representation
#7
Wenjia Niu, Kewen Xia, Baokai Zu, Jianchuan Bai
Unlike Support Vector Machine (SVM), Multiple Kernel Learning (MKL) allows datasets to be free to choose the useful kernels based on their distribution characteristics rather than a precise one. It has been shown in the literature that MKL holds superior recognition accuracy compared with SVM, however, at the expense of time consuming computations. This creates analytical and computational difficulties in solving MKL algorithms. To overcome this issue, we first develop a novel kernel approximation approach for MKL and then propose an efficient Low-Rank MKL (LR-MKL) algorithm by using the Low-Rank Representation (LRR)...
2017: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906175/iatrogenic-patient-injuries-in-otology-during-a-10-year-period-review-of-national-patient-insurance-charts
#8
Päivi Helmiö, Riitta Saarinen, Leena-Maija Aaltonen, Lasse Lehtonen, Karin Blomgren
OBJECTIVE: To assess patient injury characteristics and contributing factors in otology. METHODS: Data on the accepted patient-injury claims involving otorhinolaryngology (ORL), closed between 2001 and 2011, from the Finnish Patient Insurance Centre registry was retrieved. We included all injuries concerning otology, with evaluation and classification of their causes and types. RESULTS: During the 10-year study period, a total of 44 claims were accepted as compensated patient injuries in otology...
September 14, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894913/european-otorhinolaryngology-training-programs-results-of-a-european-survey-about-training-satisfaction-work-environment-and-conditions-in-six-countries
#9
N Oker, Naif H Alotaibi, A C Reichelt, P Herman, M Bernal-Sprekelsen, Andreas E Albers
ORL-students and residents have an ongoing debate about the "best" programme in Europe. Aim of this study was to comparatively assess differences among programmes in training, satisfaction, quality of life (QoL) of residents and recent otorhinolaryngologist (ORL) specialists in France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Austria, and Belgium. A self-administered anonymous questionnaire, structured in ten sections including general information, provided guidance, working environment, training structure, teaching of medical students, publication work, QoL, and satisfaction with training, were emailed to residents and recent ORL specialists...
November 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872156/indications-of-cone-beam-ct-in-head-and-neck-imaging-in-children
#10
U Walliczek-Dworschak, I Diogo, L Strack, M Mandapathil, A Teymoortash, J A Werner, C Güldner
For imaging of bony structures, especially for the anterior and lateral skull base in ORL medicine, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is an increasingly used alternative to CT, with a lower exposition to plain radiography that makes its use for imaging, particularly in children, very interesting. The aim of this study was to analyse possible indications and settings for CBCT in children and compare them to those of adults. A total of 554 patients (age range 0-18 years, mean age 10.36 years), who underwent CBCT between 01/2004-06/2013 in the ENT department at the university clinic of Marburg were enrolled in this retrospective analysis to evaluate technical parameters and indications...
August 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865046/prospective-experience-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tubes-placed-by-otorhinolaryngologist-head-and-neck-surgeons-%C3%A2-safe-and-efficacious
#11
Johanna Ruohoalho, Katri Aro, Antti A Mäkitie, Timo Atula, Aaro Haapaniemi, Harri Keski-Säntti, Leena Kylänpää, Annika Takala, Leif J Bäck
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is often the treatment of choice in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients needing long-term nutritional support. Prospective studies on PEG tube placement in an otorhinolaryngologist service are lacking. At our hospital, otolaryngologist-head and neck (ORL-HN) surgeons-have performed PEG insertions for HNC patients since 2008. We prospectively analyzed 127 consecutive HNC patients who received their PEG tubes at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery, and evaluated the outcome of PEG tube insertions performed by ORL-HN surgeons...
November 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864403/clinical-outcomes-of-several-imrt-techniques-for-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-propensity-score-weighted-analysis
#12
Jean-Emmanuel Bibault, Sophie Dussart, Pascal Pommier, Magali Morelle, Marius Huguet, Pierre Boisselier, Bernard Coche-Dequeant, Marc Alfonsi, Etienne Bardet, Michel Rives, Valentin Calugaru, Enrique Chajon, Georges Noel, Hinda Mecellem, Stephanie Servagi Vernat, Lionel Perrier, Philippe Giraud
PURPOSE: The Advanced Radiotherapy Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie (ART-ORL) study (NCT02024035) was performed to prospectively evaluate the clinical and economic aspects of helical TomoTherapy and volumetric modulated arc therapy (RapidArc, Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA) for patients with head and neck cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fourteen centers participated in this prospective comparative study. Randomization was not possible based on the availability of equipment...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818030/vitamin-e-%C3%AE-tocopherol-exhibits-antitumour-activity-on-oral-squamous-carcinoma-cells-orl-48
#13
Rahayu Zulkapli, Fathilah Abdul Razak, Rosnah Binti Zain
Cancers involving the oral cavity, head, and neck regions are often treated with cisplatin. In cancer therapy, the main target is to eliminate unwanted cancerous cells. However, reports on the nonselective nature of this drug have raised few concerns. Incorrect nutritional habits and lifestyle practices have been directly linked to cancer incidence. Nutrients with antioxidant activity inhibit cancer cells development, destroying them through oxidative stress and apoptosis. α-tocopherol, the potent antioxidant form of vitamin E is a known scavenger of free radicals...
September 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774252/acute-traumatic-swan-neck-deformity-a-case-report-of-the-oblique-retinacular-ligament-lesion
#14
Giuseppe Checcucci, Marco Biondi, Marina Faccio, Piergiuseppe Zampetti, Mariarosaria Galeano, Massimo Ceruso
Swan neck deformity (SND) can be the manifestation of an acute trauma. We present a case report of a young basketball player with an acute traumatic SND determined by the single ulnar oblique retinacular ligament rupture. The patient caught a ball directly upon the tip of his right's hand middle finger into extension. He immediately presented a SND with impossibility to actively flex the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ), while preserving active flexion and extension of the distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ)...
September 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741408/appropriateness-of-tympanostomy-tubes-in-the-boston-metropolitan-area-are-the-aao-hnsf-guidelines-being-met
#15
Amy L Hughes, David Roberson, Cassandra Bannos, Emily K Trudell, Louis Vernacchio
Introduction Otitis media (OM) is the most common reason children receive general anesthesia, with bilateral tympanostomy tube (TT) insertion the second most common surgery in children. Prior research suggests overuse of TT. As part of a project designed to improve appropriateness of OM referrals, we evaluated appropriateness of TT insertion in a patient cohort. Methods Patients younger than 9 years with initial otolaryngology (ORL) visits in academic and private office settings for OM from January 1, 2012, to August 31, 2013, were identified through claims database...
July 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718590/-novelties-in-ent-2016
#16
Francis Marchal
These novelties in ENT were selected among more than 15'000 abstracts in the 2016 literature, and dedicated to the practioner Guidelines of the American Academy of ORL will resume the attitude towards chronic otitis media, and reviews of hearing impairment and tinnitus are presented, as well as impact of the pneumoccal vaccine on otitis media. In rhinology, the flora of chronic rhinosinusitis and its non surgical treatments will be discussed, as well as epistaxis and malignant tumor series. 17 Diseases dignanosed only with exhaled air will be also reported...
March 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641251/robust-face-recognition-with-kernelized-locality-sensitive-group-sparsity-representation
#17
Shoubiao Tan, Xi Sun, Wentao Chan, Lei Qu, Ling Shao
In this paper, a novel joint sparse representation method is proposed for robust face recognition. We embed both group sparsity and kernelized locality-sensitive constraints into the framework of sparse representation. The group sparsity constraint is designed to utilize the grouped structure information in the training data. The local similarity between test and training data is measured in the kernel space instead of the Euclidian space. As a result, the embedded nonlinear information can be effectively captured, leading to a more discriminative representation...
October 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627185/adherence-and-tolerance-as-key-in-brake-on-weight-loss-in-cancer-patients-with-nutritional-risk-after-intervention-with-a-high-calorie-nutritional-and-specific-hyperproteic-supplement
#18
Jose M García Almeida, Yolanda Lupiáñez Pérez, Mercedes Blanco Naveira, Josefina Ruiz Nava, José Antonio Medina, Isabel Cornejo Pareja, Ana Gómez Pérez, María Molina Vega, José A López-Medina, Francisco Tinahones Madueño
Background: In patients with nutritional risk, the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) recommends nutritional supplements during cancer treatment to prevent weight loss. Objectives: Our goal is to determine the acceptability, compliance and tolerance of a hyperproteic, high-calorie, omega-3 enriched supplement in cancer patients. Methods: Unicentric, prospective observational study in cancer patients with hyperproteic, high-calorie, rich in omega 3 and low volume nutritional supplement...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545569/identifying-high-quality-medical-education-websites-in-otolaryngology-a-guide-for-medical-students-and-residents
#19
Nathan Yang, Sarah Hosseini, Marco A Mascarella, Meredith Young, Nancy Posel, Kevin Fung, Lily H P Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Learners often utilize online resources to supplement formalized curricula, and to appropriately support learning, these resources should be of high quality. Thus, the objectives of this study are to develop and provide validity evidence supporting an assessment tool designed to assess the quality of educational websites in Otolaryngology- Head & Neck Surgery (ORL-HNS), and identify those that could support effective web-based learning. METHODS: After a literature review, the Modified Education in Otolaryngology Website (MEOW) assessment tool was designed by a panel of experts based on a previously validated website assessment tool...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513521/otorhinolaryngological-emergencies-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-port-harcourt
#20
U M Ibekwe
BACKGROUND: Emergencies are not uncommon in a typical otorhinolaryngological (ORL) clinic. The knowledge of the profile and prevalence of these emergencies will go a long way in helping to equip as well as aid proper and prompt management of these conditions so as to reduce their morbidity and mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A descriptive retrospective 8 years review of all patients that presented to the ENT Surgery Department from January 2004 to December 2012...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
keyword
keyword
43895
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"