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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818030/vitamin-e-%C3%AE-tocopherol-exhibits-antitumour-activity-on-oral-squamous-carcinoma-cells-orl-48
#1
Rahayu Zulkapli, Fathilah Abdul Razak, Rosnah Binti Zain
Cancers involving the oral cavity, head, and neck regions are often treated with cisplatin. In cancer therapy, the main target is to eliminate unwanted cancerous cells. However, reports on the nonselective nature of this drug have raised few concerns. Incorrect nutritional habits and lifestyle practices have been directly linked to cancer incidence. Nutrients with antioxidant activity inhibit cancer cells development, destroying them through oxidative stress and apoptosis. α-tocopherol, the potent antioxidant form of vitamin E is a known scavenger of free radicals...
September 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774252/acute-traumatic-swan-neck-deformity-a-case-report-of-the-oblique-retinacular-ligament-lesion
#2
Giuseppe Checcucci, Marco Biondi, Marina Faccio, Piergiuseppe Zampetti, Mariarosaria Galeano, Massimo Ceruso
Swan neck deformity (SND) can be the manifestation of an acute trauma. We present a case report of a young basketball player with an acute traumatic SND determined by the single ulnar oblique retinacular ligament rupture. The patient caught a ball directly upon the tip of his right's hand middle finger into extension. He immediately presented a SND with impossibility to actively flex the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ), while preserving active flexion and extension of the distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ)...
September 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741408/appropriateness-of-tympanostomy-tubes-in-the-boston-metropolitan-area-are-the-aao-hnsf-guidelines-being-met
#3
Amy L Hughes, David Roberson, Cassandra Bannos, Emily K Trudell, Louis Vernacchio
Introduction Otitis media (OM) is the most common reason children receive general anesthesia, with bilateral tympanostomy tube (TT) insertion the second most common surgery in children. Prior research suggests overuse of TT. As part of a project designed to improve appropriateness of OM referrals, we evaluated appropriateness of TT insertion in a patient cohort. Methods Patients younger than 9 years with initial otolaryngology (ORL) visits in academic and private office settings for OM from January 1, 2012, to August 31, 2013, were identified through claims database...
July 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718590/-novelties-in-ent-2016
#4
Francis Marchal
These novelties in ENT were selected among more than 15'000 abstracts in the 2016 literature, and dedicated to the practioner Guidelines of the American Academy of ORL will resume the attitude towards chronic otitis media, and reviews of hearing impairment and tinnitus are presented, as well as impact of the pneumoccal vaccine on otitis media. In rhinology, the flora of chronic rhinosinusitis and its non surgical treatments will be discussed, as well as epistaxis and malignant tumor series. 17 Diseases dignanosed only with exhaled air will be also reported...
March 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641251/robust-face-recognition-with-kernelized-locality-sensitive-group-sparsity-representation
#5
Shoubiao Tan, Xi Sun, Wentao Chan, Lei Qu, Ling Shao
In this paper, a novel joint sparse representation method is proposed for robust face recognition. We embed both group sparsity and kernelized locality-sensitive constraints into the framework of sparse representation. The group sparsity constraint is designed to utilize the grouped structure information in the training data. The local similarity between test and training data is measured in the kernel space instead of the Euclidian space. As a result, the embedded nonlinear information can be effectively captured, leading to a more discriminative representation...
October 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627185/adherencia-y-tolerancia-como-claves-en-la-detenci%C3%A3-n-de-la-p%C3%A3-rdida-de-peso-en-pacientes-oncol%C3%A3-gicos-sometidos-a-radioterapia-mediante-una-estrategia-de-suplementaci%C3%A3-n-precoz-con-una-f%C3%A3-rmula-enteral-hipercal%C3%A3-rica-e-hiperproteica-espec%C3%A3-fica
#6
Jose M García Almeida, Yolanda Lupiáñez Pérez, Mercedes Blanco Naveira, Josefina Ruiz Nava, José Antonio Medina, Isabel Cornejo Pareja, Ana Gómez Pérez, María Molina Vega, José A López-Medina, Francisco Tinahones Madueño
Introducción: en pacientes con riesgo nutricional, la Sociedad Europea de Clínica y Metabolismo (ESPEN) y Parenteral recomienda suplementos nutricionales durante el tratamiento oncológico para prevenir la pérdida de peso involuntaria.Objetivos: nuestro objetivo es conocer el cumplimiento, la aceptabilidad y la tolerancia de un suplemento hiperproteico, hipercalórico, rico en omega 3 en pacientes oncológicos.Métodos: estudio unicéntrico, observacional y prospectivo en pacientes oncológicos con un suplemento nutricional hiperproteico, hipercalórico, rico en omega 3 y de bajo volumen...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545569/identifying-high-quality-medical-education-websites-in-otolaryngology-a-guide-for-medical-students-and-residents
#7
Nathan Yang, Sarah Hosseini, Marco A Mascarella, Meredith Young, Nancy Posel, Kevin Fung, Lily H P Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Learners often utilize online resources to supplement formalized curricula, and to appropriately support learning, these resources should be of high quality. Thus, the objectives of this study are to develop and provide validity evidence supporting an assessment tool designed to assess the quality of educational websites in Otolaryngology- Head & Neck Surgery (ORL-HNS), and identify those that could support effective web-based learning. METHODS: After a literature review, the Modified Education in Otolaryngology Website (MEOW) assessment tool was designed by a panel of experts based on a previously validated website assessment tool...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513521/otorhinolaryngological-emergencies-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-port-harcourt
#8
U M Ibekwe
BACKGROUND: Emergencies are not uncommon in a typical otorhinolaryngological (ORL) clinic. The knowledge of the profile and prevalence of these emergencies will go a long way in helping to equip as well as aid proper and prompt management of these conditions so as to reduce their morbidity and mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A descriptive retrospective 8 years review of all patients that presented to the ENT Surgery Department from January 2004 to December 2012...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503435/evaluation-of-hyperreflective-foci-as-a-prognostic-factor-of-visual-outcome-in-retinal-vein-occlusion
#9
Bin Mo, Hai-Ying Zhou, Xuan Jiao, Feng Zhang
AIM: To evaluate the potential role of hyperreflective foci (HF) as a prognostic indicator of visual outcome in patients with macular edema (ME) due to retinal vein occlusion (RVO). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 50 eyes of 50 patients with ME due to ischemic central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO), non-ischemic CRVO and branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) who were treated with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) at Beijing Tongren Eye Center from January 2013 to July 2016...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493982/comparison-of-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-for-intra-retinal-layers-thickness-measurements-between-healthy-and-diabetic-eyes-among-chinese-adults
#10
Shu-Ting Li, Xiang-Ning Wang, Xin-Hua Du, Qiang Wu
PURPOSE: To compare intra-retinal layer thickness measurements between eyes with no or mild diabetic retinopathy (DR) and age-matched controls using Spectralis spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). METHODS: Cross-sectional observational analysis study. High-resolution macular volume scans (30° * 25°) were obtained for 133 type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with no DR, 42 T2DM patients with mild DR and 115 healthy controls. The mean thickness was measured in all 9 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) sectors for 8 separate layers, inner retinal layer (IRL), outer retinal layer (ORL) and total retina (TR), after automated segmentation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469122/pediatric-otorhinolaryngology-emergencies-at-the-jos-university-teaching-hospital-study-of-frequency-management-and-outcomes
#11
Adeyi A Adoga, Emoche T Okwori, John P Yaro, Andrew A Iduh
BACKGROUND: Studies from Nigeria on pediatric otorhinolaryngology (ORL) emergencies are rare in literature with most focusing on emergencies involving individual systems. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of all ORL emergencies among children in our region to provide a baseline data for future health planning. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a 1-year retrospective cross-sectional study of patients aged 16 years and below presenting to the Accident and Emergency Department of the Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445185/orbicularis-retaining-ligament-release-in-lower-blepharoplasty-assessing-efficacy-and-complications
#12
Norman J Chan, Maryam Nazemzadeh, Morris E Hartstein, John B Holds, Guy G Massry, Allan E Wulc
PURPOSE: Release of the orbicularis retaining ligament (ORL) has been advocated as a technique to address tear trough deformities. This study sought to compare the effectiveness and morbidity of lower blepharoplasty with and without ORL release. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 53 lower blepharoplasty patients. Twenty-six patients had ORL release and 27 patients did not. Three independent masked experienced cosmetic surgeons reviewed preoperative and postoperative photographs to assess degree of swelling, ecchymosis, change in steatoblepharon and tear trough deformity, and overall aesthetic result...
April 25, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444458/the-potential-of-ehealth-in-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-patients-perspectives
#13
Martin Holderried, C Ernst, F Holderried, M Rieger, G Blumenstock, A Tropitzsch
The use of modern information and communication technologies (ICT) in daily life has significantly increased during the last several years. These essential online technologies have also found their way into the healthcare system. The use of modern ICT for health reasons can be summarized by the term 'eHealth'. Despite the potential importance of eHealth in the field of otorhinolaryngology (ORL), there is little understanding of patients' attitudes towards the deeper integration of these technologies into intersectoral care...
April 25, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362614/htm-spatial-pooler-with-memristor-crossbar-circuits-for-sparse-biometric-recognition
#14
Alex Pappachen James, Irina Fedorova, Timur Ibrayev, Dhireesha Kudithipudi
Hierarchical Temporal Memory (HTM) is an online machine learning algorithm that emulates the neo-cortex. The development of a scalable on-chip HTM architecture is an open research area. The two core substructures of HTM are spatial pooler and temporal memory. In this work, we propose a new Spatial Pooler circuit design with parallel memristive crossbar arrays for the 2D columns. The proposed design was validated on two different benchmark datasets, face recognition, and speech recognition. The circuits are simulated and analyzed using a practical memristor device model and 0...
June 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358911/assessment-of-the-retinal-posterior-pole-in-dominant-optic-atrophy-by-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-and-microperimetry
#15
Massimo Cesareo, Elena Ciuffoletti, Alessio Martucci, Jacopo Sebastiani, Roberto Pietro Sorge, Eleonora Lamantea, Barbara Garavaglia, Federico Ricci, Andrea Cusumano, Carlo Nucci, Francesco Brancati
BACKGROUND: To assess posterior pole (PP) retinal structure in patients with genetically confirmed autosomal dominant optic atrophy (ADOA) using new spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) segmentation technology. To analyze retinal PP thickness in relation to retinal sensitivity data from microperimetry (MP) in ADOA patients. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This prospective cross-sectional study included 11 patients with ADOA and 11 age-matched healthy subjects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349294/erratum-to-long-term-effect-of-ileal-transposition-on-adipokine-serum-level-in-zucker-orl-lepr-fa-fatty-rats
#16
Tomasz Sawczyn, Dominika Stygar, Iwona Karcz-Socha, Jodok Fink, Bronisława Skrzep-Poloczek, Marcin Kłosok, Bogdan Doleżych, Maria Augustyniak, Agnieszka Zawisza-Raszka, Michał Kukla, Marek Michalski, Aleksandra Fimiarz, Krystyna Żwirska-Korczala, Kondrad Karcz Wojciech
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337770/hypoglycemic-effect-of-hawthorn-in-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus-rat-model
#17
Aili Aierken, Tina Buchholz, Chen Chen, Xiaoying Zhang, Matthias F Melzig
BACKGROUND: Hawthorn is a popular herb in many different traditional medicine systems, including traditional Chinese medicine, where it has long been used for the treatment of hyperglycemia. However, most of its varied biological activities remain unexplored. This study investigated the hypoglycemic effect of hawthorn extracts in type II diabetic (T2DM) rat model. A total of 54 rats were randomly divided into six groups: normal control group; type II diabetic model group (T2DM; these rats were induced by high-fat diet and streptozotocin); high, middle and low concentrations of hawthorn treatment (HTH , HTM and HTL T2DM rats were given hawthorn extract at a dose of 50, 100 and 200 mg kg(-1) body weight, respectively); and positive control group (orlistat 40 mg kg(-1) body weight)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333881/outer-retinal-layer-thickness-as-good-visual-predictor-in-patients-with-diabetic-macular-edema
#18
Tamer F Eliwa, Mahdi A Hussein, Mohamed A Zaki, Osama A Raslan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between outer retinal layer (ORL) thickness in diabetic macular edema to visual acuity (VA). METHODS: Ninety-five eyes were included in this prospective nonrandomized case-control study. They divided into 30 cases of healthy normal subjects and 65 cases of nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy with diabetic macular edema. Complete ophthalmic examination and spectral domain-optical coherence tomography were done for all cases and analyzed to measure central foveal point thickness (CFT), ORL thickness at fovea, and subfoveal choroidal thickness...
March 22, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333630/multilinear-spatial-discriminant-analysis-for-dimensionality-reduction
#19
Sen Yuan, Xia Mao, Lijiang Chen
In the last few years, great efforts have been made to extend the linear projection technique (LPT) for multidimensional data (i.e., tensor), generally referred to as the multilinear projection technique (MPT). The vectorized nature of LPT requires high-dimensional data to be converted into vector, and hence may lose spatial neighborhood information of raw data. MPT well addresses this problem by encoding multidimensional data as general tensors of a second or even higher order. In this paper, we propose a novel multilinear projection technique, called multilinear spatial discriminant analysis (MSDA), to identify the underlying manifold of high-order tensor data...
June 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281039/proceedings-of-the-rami-section-of-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-orl-hns-spring-meeting-friday-9th-december-2016-education-and-research-centre-royal-victoria-eye-and-ear-hospital-adelaide-road-dublin-2
#20
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