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Early maladaptive schemas

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692638/co-rumination-anxiety-and-maladaptive-cognitive-schemas-when-friendship-can-hurt
#1
Leonardo Carlucci, Ines D'Ambrosio, Marco Innamorati, Aristide Saggino, Michela Balsamo
Background: This study investigated maladaptive cognitive schemas as mediators of the relationship between co-rumination and anxiety. Methods: Self-report measures of co-rumination, trait cognitive and somatic anxiety, and early maladaptive cognitive schemas were provided to a nonclinical sample of 461 young adults. Mediation of co-rumination and trait somatic and cognitive anxiety by each early maladaptive schema domain was tested using nonparametric, bootstrap-based resampling...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682236/the-participation-of-early-maladaptive-schemas-emss-in-the-perception-of-pain-in-patients-with-migraine-a-psychological-profile
#2
Ketlin Helenise Dos Santos Ribas, Valdenilson Ribeiro Ribas, Silano Souto Mendes Barros, Valéria Ribeiro Ribas, Maria da Glória Nogueira Filizola, Renata de Melo Guerra Ribas, Paulo César da Silva, Carlos Augusto Cardoso Kucera, Hugo André de Lima Martins
Young's early maladaptive schemas questionnaire (YSQ-S3) is used to understand psychological aspects. Objective: EMSs were evaluated in patients with migraine. Methods: Sixty-five subjects were evaluated using the YSQ-S3 under standard conditions in a room with air conditioning at 22 ± 2°C. The subjects were stratified by morbidity (migraine), gender (male/female) and age (18-29 / 30-39 / 40-55). Controls (without migraine), n = 27 and patients (with migraine), n = 38, men (n = 19) and women (n = 46); participants aged 18-29 years, n = 34, aged 30-39 years, n = 14 and aged 40-55 years, n = 17...
January 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569166/correction-to-internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviors-share-a-common-predictor-the-effects-of-early-maladaptive-schemas-are-mediated-by-coping-responses-and-schema-modes
#3
Marjolein F van Wijk-Herbrink, David P Bernstein, Nick J Broers, Jeffrey Roelofs, Marleen M Rijkeboer, Arnoud Arntz
The authors would like to note that one of the co-author's names was displayed incorrectly. Not Arnoud A. Arntz, but Arnoud Arntz co-authored this article as shown above.
March 22, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542265/comparison-of-early-maladaptive-schemas-between-borderline-personality-disorder-and-chronic-depression
#4
Niko Flink, Kirsi Honkalampi, Soili M Lehto, Virpi Leppänen, Heimo Viinamäki, Sari Lindeman
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and chronic depression (CD) are common and challenging mental disorders. Maladaptive cognitive schemas have been proposed to increase vulnerability to both disorders. In order to elucidate the role of maladaptive cognitive schemas in BPD and CD, this study compared psychiatric outpatients with BPD (N = 30) and CD (N = 30) in terms of early maladaptive schemas (EMSs). The groups were compared using the Young Schema Questionnaire short form-extended (YSQ-S2-extended) and the 15D health status questionnaire...
March 14, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510771/are-schemas-passed-on-a-study-on-the-association-between-early-maladaptive-schemas-in-parents-and-their-offspring-and-the-putative-translating-mechanisms
#5
Johanna Sundag, Christine Zens, Leonie Ascone, Susanne Thome, Tania M Lincoln
BACKGROUND: According to Young's schema theory, Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMSs) arise due to the violation of core emotional needs during childhood. It seems likely that parents have difficulties in satisfying their children's emotional needs if they have high levels of EMSs themselves. AIMS: This study investigated whether the extent of EMSs in parents is associated with the extent of EMSs in their offspring. Moreover, we tested for two putative mechanisms that account for this association: parental coping styles and parenting behaviour...
March 7, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368395/the-role-of-aggression-related-early-maladaptive-schemas-and-schema-modes-in-aggression-in-a-prisoner-sample
#6
Ashley L Dunne, Flora Gilbert, Stuart Lee, Michael Daffern
Contemporary social-cognitive aggression theory and extant empirical research highlights the relationship between certain Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMSs) and aggression in offenders. To date, the related construct of schema modes, which presents a comprehensive and integrated schema unit, has received scant empirical attention. Furthermore, EMSs and schema modes have yet to be examined concurrently with respect to aggressive behavior. This study examined associations between EMSs, schema modes, and aggression in an offender sample...
January 25, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330671/internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviors-share-a-common-predictor-the-effects-of-early-maladaptive-schemas-are-mediated-by-coping-responses-and-schema-modes
#7
Marjolein F van Wijk-Herbrink, David P Bernstein, Nick J Broers, Jeffrey Roelofs, Marleen M Rijkeboer, Arnoud Arntz
We investigated the relationships of adolescents' internalizing and externalizing behaviors with their early maladaptive schemas (EMS), coping responses, and schema modes. We focused on EMS related to experiences of disconnection and rejection that comprise vulnerable emotions, such as shame, mistrust, deprivation, abandonment, and isolation/alienation. This cross-sectional study included a total of 699 adolescents (combined clinical and non-referred sample) who were 11 to 18 years old (M = 14.6; SD = 1...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212570/-teaching-me-to-parent-myself-the-feasibility-of-an-in-patient-group-schema-therapy-programme-for-complex-trauma
#8
Rita Younan, Joan Farrell, Tamara May
BACKGROUND: Group schema therapy is an emerging treatment for personality and other psychiatric disorders. It may be particularly suited to individuals with complex trauma given that early abuse is likely to create maladaptive schemas. AIMS: This pilot study explored the feasibility and effectiveness of a 4-week in-patient group schema therapy programme for adults with complex trauma in a psychiatric hospital setting. METHOD: Thirty-six participants with complex trauma syndrome participated in this open trial...
December 7, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154171/early-maladaptive-schemas-as-mediators-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-later-psychological-distress-among-chinese-college-students
#9
Jingbo Gong, Raymond C K Chan
The aim of the current study was to examine whether early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) mediate the association between different kinds of childhood maltreatment and later psychopathology and the effect of different kinds of childhood maltreatment on psychological distress in later life. A total of 1102 college students from two local universities participated in the study; their average age was 20.46 ± 1.13 years. The participants completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), the Early Maladaptive Schemas Scale (EMSs), the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS)...
January 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149076/the-association-between-food-addiction-and-early-maladaptive-schemas-in-overweight-and-obese-women-a-preliminary-investigation
#10
Claudio Imperatori, Marco Innamorati, David Lester, Massimo Continisio, Michela Balsamo, Aristide Saggino, Mariantonietta Fabbricatore
In recent years, there has been a growing focus on early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) as core features associated with eating psychopathology. The aims of the present study were to assess in overweight and obese women: (i) the association between dysfunctional eating patterns (i.e., food addiction and binge eating) and EMSs, and (ii) the association between food addiction and EMSs after controlling for potential confounding variables (i.e., binge eating severity and psychopathology). Participants were 70 overweight and obese women seeking low-energy-diet therapy...
November 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145774/predicting-the-risk-of-opioid-use-disorder-based-on-early-maladaptive-schemas
#11
Somayeh Zamirinejad, Seyed Kaveh Hojjat, Alireza Moslem, Vahideh MoghaddamHosseini, Arash Akaberi
Substance use is a globally devastating social problem. Early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) are inefficient mechanisms leading directly or indirectly to psychological distress. The current study aimed to assess the role of EMSs in predicting opioid use disorder. The cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013 in Bojnurd at northeast of Iran on 60 male opioid users who received Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) and 60 control males. The opioid users were selected randomly from MMT clinics and control subjects were selected and matched with opioid users using demographic variables...
March 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125326/young-schema-questionnaire%C3%A2-%C3%A2-short-form-version-3-ysq-s3-preliminary-validation-in-older-adults
#12
Katelyn Phillips, Robert Brockman, Phoebe E Bailey, Ian I Kneebone
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to establish the reliability and validity of one of the most used schema questionnaires, Young Schema Questionnaire Short Form Version 3 (YSQ-S3) in older adults. METHOD: 104 participants aged 60-84 years were recruited. They were administered a battery of questionnaires, including the YSQ-S3, Young-Atkinson Mode Inventory (YAMI), Germans (Personality) Screener, the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), The Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) and the Basic Psychological Needs Scale (BPNS)...
November 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121527/the-role-of-distress-tolerance-in-the-relationship-between-cognitive-schemas-and-alcohol-problems-among-college-students
#13
Raluca M Simons, Rebecca E Sistad, Jeffrey S Simons, Jamie Hansen
INTRODUCTION: The current study tested the role of distress tolerance in the relationship between three early maladaptive cognitive schemas (Abandonment, Defectiveness/Shame, and Insufficient Self-Control) and alcohol problems among college students (N=364). Previous research suggests that maladaptive cognitive schemas may be a risk factor for alcohol-related problems. However, the mechanism underlying this association is unclear. One's tolerance for emotional distress may play an important role in understanding the nature of this association...
March 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101874/schemas-and-modes-in-borderline-personality-disorder-the-mistrustful-shameful-angry-impulsive-and-unhappy-child
#14
Bo Bach, Joan M Farrell
In this study we investigated how early maladaptive schemas and schema modes uniquely characterize Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) patients versus comparison groups. BPD patients (n = 101) were systematically matched with personality disordered patients without BPD (n = 101) and healthy controls (n = 101). Differences were investigated using one-way ANOVA and multinomial logistic regression analyses. Results indicated that schemas of Mistrust/Abuse and Defectiveness/Shame along with modes of Angry Child, Impulsive Child, and (low) Happy Child uniquely differentiated BPD patients from patients with other personality disorders...
January 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083222/the-effects-of-the-growing-pro-social-program-on-cognitive-distortions-and-early-maladaptive-schemas-over-time-in-male-prison-inmates-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Nélio Brazão, Daniel Rijo, Maria do Céu Salvador, José Pinto-Gouveia
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial aimed to assess the efficacy of a structured cognitive-behavioral group program, Growing Pro-Social (GPS), in reducing cognitive distortions and early maladaptive schemas over time in male prison inmates. METHOD: A total of 254 participants were recruited from nine Portuguese prisons and allocated to receive GPS (n = 121) or treatment as usual (n = 133). Participants were assessed with self-report measures on cognitive distortions and early maladaptive schemas at baseline, during intervention, at post-treatment and at 12 months' follow-up...
November 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023198/exploration-of-trauma-dissociation-maladaptive-schemas-and-auditory-hallucinations-in-a-french-sample
#16
Catherine Bortolon, Jade Seillé, Stéphane Raffard
OBJECTIVES: The main goal of the present study was to explore the associations between several key variables that have been shown to partially mediate the link between specific trauma exposure and auditory hallucinations (AH), that is, maladaptive schemas and dissociation in the general population. METHODS: In total, 425 voluntary participants were recruited from the general population and completed online the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Young schema questionnaire, the Dissociative Experiences Scale, and the Launay-Slade Hallucination Scale...
November 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017377/early-maladaptive-schemas-in-patients-with-bipolar-and-unipolar-disorder
#17
Selçuk Özdin, Gökhan Sarisoy, Ahmet Rıfat Şahin, Ali Cezmi Arik, Hatice Özyıldız Güz, Ömer Böke, Aytül Karabekiroğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to determine the difference between the bipolar disorder, unipolar disorder and control groups in terms of maladaptive schemes and childhood trauma. METHODS: Two groups of patients under monitoring with a diagnosis of bipolar or unipolar disorder and one group of healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Each group consisted of 60 subjects. The Young Mania Rating Scale and Beck Depression Inventory were used to confirm that patients were in remission...
June 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972452/the-role-of-early-maladaptive-schemas-in-the-appearance-of-psychological-symptomatology-in-adult-women-victims-of-child-abuse
#18
Ana Estévez, Paula Jauregui, Nagore Ozerinjauregi, David Herrero-Fernández
Child abuse affects people's ways of thinking, feeling, and observing the world, resulting in dysfunctional beliefs and maladaptive schemas. Thus, consequences of child abuse may persist during adulthood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the psychological consequences (anxiety, phobic anxiety, depression, and hopelessness) of different types of maltreatment (physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and physical and emotional neglect) and to study the role of early maladaptive schemas in the onset of symptomatology in adult female victims of child abuse...
November 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963284/protocol-for-the-northern-babies-longitudinal-study-predicting-postpartum-depression-and-improving-parent-infant-interaction-with-the-newborn-behavioral-observation
#19
Ragnhild Sørensen Høifødt, Dag Nordahl, Gerit Pfuhl, Inger Pauline Landsem, Jens C Thimm, Linn Kathrin K Ilstad, Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson Wang
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a prevalent disorder. Studying the factors related to PPD will help to identify families at risk and provide preventive interventions. This can in turn improve the developmental trajectories for the children. Several previous studies have investigated risk factors for PPD. However, few studies have focused on cognitive vulnerability factors. The first aim of the present study is to explore a range of protective and risk factors, including cognitive factors, for PPD, parent-infant interactions and child development...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865721/to-see-in-a-mirror-dimly-the-looking-glass-self-is-self-shaming-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#20
Zsolt Unoka, Gabriella Vizin
Symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD) can be conceptualized as the expression of and defenses against or response to the painful emotion of chronic shame, which may relate to early maladaptive schemas (EMS). The goal of this research is to examine levels of early maladaptive schemas, self-reported shame, and anxious or angry reactions to social put-downs as well as their associations. We also looked to assess the association of shame with BPD symptoms. Fifty-six patients with BPD completed self-report measures of EMSs, chronic shame, and reactions to put-downs...
December 2017: Psychiatry Research
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