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Early maladaptive schemas

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516856/dating-violence-perpetration-associations-with-early-maladaptive-schemas
#1
Ryan C Shorey, Catherine Strauss, Heather Zapor, Gregory L Stuart
Violence between dating couples is a serious and prevalent problem among college students (Shorey, Cornelius, & Bell, 2008). Social-cognitive theories of aggression (e.g., Berkowitz, 1990) propose that perpetrators may have more maladaptive cognitive schemas that increase risk for aggression than non-perpetrators. Thus, this study examined differences between perpetrators and non-perpetrators of dating violence on early maladaptive schemas, which are rigidly held cognitive and behavioral patterns that guide how individuals encode and respond to stimuli in their environments (Young, Klosko, & Weishaar, 2003)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516831/an-exploration-of-the-mediators-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-intimate-partner-violence
#2
Elizabeth J Smyth, Frank L Gardner, Donald R Marks, Zella E Moore
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with numerous long-term consequences and warrants significant clinical attention. Recent theoretical models and empirical research have suggested that several factors play a role in the development of IPV perpetration, including childhood maltreatment, early maladaptive schemas, anger, and difficulties in emotion regulation. This study investigated the relationship between childhood maltreatment and IPV, specifically examining the mediation of this relationship by several variables thought to be related to this pernicious problem, including early maladaptive schemas, the experience of anger, and emotion regulation difficulties...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505385/professional-burnout-early-maladaptive-schemas-and-physical-health-in-clinical-and-counselling-psychology-trainees
#3
April Kaeding, Christina Sougleris, Corinne Reid, Michiel F van Vreeswijk, Christopher Hayes, Jill Dorrian, Susan Simpson
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the personal factors that increase vulnerability to job-related stress and burnout among psychologists in training. This study was based on a large international sample and aimed to explore the role of early maladaptive schemas (EMS) in predicting vulnerability to burnout, as well as attendant effects on short-term physical health, in clinical and counseling postgraduate psychology trainees. METHOD: An online, quantitative, cross-sectional survey method design was used to collect self-report data that measured burnout, EMS, and physical health from 1,297 trainees...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429623/schema-therapy-for-personality-disorders-in-older-adults-a-multiple-baseline-study
#4
Arjan C Videler, Sebastiaan P J van Alphen, Rita J J van Royen, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis, Gina Rossi, Arnoud Arntz
OBJECTIVE: No studies have been conducted yet into the effectiveness of treatment of personality disorders in later life. This study is a first test of the effectiveness of schema therapy for personality disorders in older adults. METHOD: Multiple-baseline design with eight cluster C personality disorder patients, with a mean age of   69. After a baseline phase with random length, schema therapy was given during the first year, followed by follow-up sessions during six months...
April 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420915/paternal-malparenting-and-offspring-personality-disorders-mediating-effect-of-early-maladaptive-schemas
#5
Naila Batool, Humaira Shehzadi, Muhammad Naveed Riaz, Muhammad Akram Riaz
OBJECTIVE: To examine the mediating role of maladaptive schemas between permissive/authoritarian parenting by fathers and personality disorders, including histrionic, antisocial, narcissistic and depressive attitudes among adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan, and comprised university students. Data was collected by administering the parental authority questionnaire, the young schema questionnaire and the personality diagnostic questionnaire...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319789/group-schema-therapy-for-personality-disorders-a-pilot-study-for-implementation-in-acute-psychiatric-in-patient-settings
#6
Igor Nenadić, Sina Lamberth, Neele Reiss
Group schema therapy (GST) has been proposed as a novel long-term treatment programme for borderline and cluster C personality disorders. We implemented a short-term GST programme (12-15 sessions, based on the manual by Farrell and Shaw (2012), including both cognitive / behavioural and experiential interventions for in-patients (n=9) with either borderline or cluster C personality disorders (and axis I co-morbidities) treated in a (sub)acute psychiatric in-patient setting. We evaluated pre- and post-treatment self-report of maladaptive and adaptive schema modes (using the SMI) and early maladaptive schemas (YSQ-3), as well as overall symptom severity (brief symptom check list, BSCL-53-S), patient satisfaction (ZUF-8) and group climate and coherence (GCQ-S)...
February 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264484/early-maladaptive-schemas-and-cognitive-distortions-in-adults-with-morbid-obesity-relationships-with-mental-health-status
#7
Felipe Q da Luz, Amanda Sainsbury, Phillipa Hay, Jessica A Roekenes, Jessica Swinbourne, Dhiordan C da Silva, Margareth da S Oliveira
Dysfunctional cognitions may be associated with unhealthy eating behaviors seen in individuals with obesity. However, dysfunctional cognitions commonly occur in individuals with poor mental health independently of weight. We examined whether individuals with morbid obesity differed with regard to dysfunctional cognitions when compared to individuals of normal weight, when mental health status was controlled for. 111 participants-53 with morbid obesity and 58 of normal weight-were assessed with the Mini-Mental State Examination, Young Schema Questionnaire, Cognitive Distortions Questionnaire, Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale, and a Demographic and Clinical Questionnaire...
February 28, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203113/the-influence-of-parenting-on-maladaptive-cognitive-schema-a-cross-sectional-research-on-a-group-of-adults
#8
Monica Pellerone, Calogero Iacolino, Giuseppe Mannino, Ivan Formica, Simona Maria Zabbara
BACKGROUND: The literature emphasizes the role of early interpersonal experiences in the development of cognitive vulnerability; in particular, interruptions in early family relationships, parental unavailability and dysfunctional parenting are potential evolutionary precursors to negative cognitive style and emotional disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study measured the relationship of retrospective ratings on parental bonding with cognitive patterns in a group of Italian adults...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080438/maladaptive-schemas-mediate-poor-parental-attachment-and-suicidality-in-college-students
#9
Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Kali Thompson, Candice Selwyn, Heather Finnegan, Tiffany Misra
In college-aged adults (n = 766), the transition to adulthood may aggravate risk factors for suicidal behavior such as poor parental attachment and maladaptive self-schemas. Since poor parental attachment may facilitate developing maladaptive self-related schemas, this study was designed to determine whether specific maladaptive schemas mediate the relation between poor parental attachment and college students' suicide proneness and ideation. Findings supported this hypothesis. Defectiveness and emotional deprivation schemas, which are consistent with "perceived burdensomeness" and "thwarted belonging" (Joiner, 2005 ), may be important intervention targets for suicide prevention programs...
January 12, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035734/does-schema-therapy-change-schemas-and-symptoms-a-systematic-review-across-mental-health-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Christopher D J Taylor, Penny Bee, Gillian Haddock
PURPOSE: Schema therapy was first applied to individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) over 20 years ago, and more recent work has suggested efficacy across a range of disorders. The present review aimed to systematically synthesize evidence for the efficacy and effectiveness of schema therapy in reducing early maladaptive schema (EMS) and improving symptoms as applied to a range of mental health disorders in adults including BPD, other personality disorders, eating disorders, anxiety disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder...
December 30, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012033/early-maladaptive-schemas-in-adult-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
Alexandra Philipsen, Alexandra P Lam, Sigrid Breit, Caroline Lücke, Helge H Müller, Swantje Matthies
The main purpose of this study was to examine whether adult patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) demonstrate sets of dysfunctional cognitive beliefs and behavioural tendencies according to Jeffrey Young's schema-focused therapy model. Sets of dysfunctional beliefs (maladaptive schemas) were assessed with the Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ-S2) in 78 adult ADHD patients and 80 control subjects. Patients with ADHD scored significantly higher than the control group on almost all maladaptive schemas...
December 23, 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931916/the-reliability-and-factor-structure-of-thai-young-schema-questionnaire-short-form-3
#12
Chaiyun Sakulsriprasert, Darunee Phukao, Suree Kanjanawong, Natthani Meemon
Previous research which documented the psychometric properties of Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ) was conducted in Western countries. The current research examined the reliability and factor structure of the Thai version of the Young Schema-Short From-3 (YSQ-S3). The participants were 622 undergraduates (62% females) recruited from three universities in Chiang Mai, Thailand. Results suggested acceptable internal consistency of 18 early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) (Cronbach's α range from 0.619 to 0.846). Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the factor structures of 18 EMSs...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822374/do-dysfunctional-coping-modes-mediate-the-relationship-between-perceived-parenting-style-and-disordered-eating-behaviours
#13
Jessica M Brown, Stephanie Selth, Alexander Stretton, Susan Simpson
BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies suggest that both childhood experiences and coping behaviours may be linked to eating disorder symptoms. METHODS: In this study maladaptive schema coping modes were investigated as mediators in the relationship between perceived negative parenting and disordered eating. A total of 174 adults with eating and/or body image concerns completed questionnaires measuring parenting experiences, schema modes, and disordered eating behaviours...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788461/the-role-of-childhood-trauma-early-maladaptive-schemas-emotional-schemas-and-experimental-avoidance-on-depression-a-structural-equation-modeling
#14
Mehdi Rezaei, Firoozeh Ghazanfari, Fatemeh Rezaee
The present investigation was designed to examine disconnection and rejection (DR) schemas, negative emotional schemas (NESs) and experimental avoidance (EA) as mediating variables of the relationship between the childhood trauma (CT) and depression. Specifically we examined the mediating role of NESs and EA between DR schemas and depression. The study sample consist of 439 female college students (Mage=22.47; SD=6.0), of whom 88 met the criteria for current major depressive disorder (MDD) and 351 who had history of MDD in the last 12 months...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739132/psychometric-properties-and-normative-values-of-early-maladaptive-schema-questionnaires-set-for-children-and-adolescents-sqs
#15
Olcay Güner
The Early Maladaptive Schema Questionnaires Set for Children and Adolescents (SQS) was developed to assess early maladaptive schemas in children between the ages of 10 and 16 in Turkey. The SQS consists of five questionnaires that represent five schema domains in Young's schema theory. Psychometric properties (n = 983) and normative values (n = 2250) of SQS were investigated in children and adolescents between the ages of 10 and 16. Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed. Results revealed 15 schema factors under five schema domains, with good fit indexes...
October 13, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642181/early-maladaptive-schemas-in-adult-survivors-of-interpersonal-trauma-foundations-for-a-cognitive-theory-of-psychopathology
#16
Thanos Karatzias, Sally Jowett, Amelie Begley, Suzanne Deas
BACKGROUND: Although the association between psychological trauma and early maladaptive schemas (EMS) is well established in the literature, no study to date has examined the relationship of EMS to PTSD and psychopathologies beyond depression and anxiety in a sample of adult survivors of interpersonal trauma. This information may be useful in helping our understanding on how to best treat interpersonal trauma. OBJECTIVE: We set out to investigate the association between EMS and common forms of psychopathology in a sample of women with a history of interpersonal trauma (n=82)...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556119/mechanisms-shaping-the-development-of-personality-and-personality-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
REVIEW
Kamila Lenkiewicz, Tomasz Srebnicki, Anita Bryńska
Until the end of the nineties last century personality disorders could not be diagnosed before the age of eighteen. Nevertheless, the results of studies published in the last decade have revealed that personality disorders can be observed in children and adolescents and that personality disorders diagnosed in adult patients had been present as early as in childhood. The knowledge of possible mechanisms shaping personality disorders in childhood is unsatisfactory and needs to be expanded. Developmental psychology explains the development of abnormal personality through inappropriate attachment patterns and abnormal transitions between developmental phases...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375347/group-schematherapy-for-adolescents-results-from-a-naturalistic-multiple-case-study
#18
Jeffrey Roelofs, Peter Muris, Doret van Wesemael, Nick J Broers, Ida Shaw, Joan Farrell
Personality disorders are complex mental health problems, associated with chronic dysfunction in several life domains. Adolescents suffer from these disorders as well. The present study is a naturalistic case study, investigating whether group schematherapy (GST) can be applied to adolescents with personality disorders or personality disorder traits. Four clinically referred patients were included and completed questionnaires on quality of life, symptoms of psychopathology, schema modes, early maladaptive schemas, and schema coping styles...
2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349581/-dimensions-of-personality-attachment-style-and-early-maladaptive-schemas-in-alcohol-dependent-patients-are-there-gender-specific-differences
#19
N Camart, M Cotte, S Leignel, C Bouvet, F Limosin
AIM: Literature reports particularities in certain psychological dimensions, such as personality traits, early maladaptive schemas and attachment styles among patients dependent on alcohol. Several international studies have also emphasized significant gender differences in psychological profiles. However, in France, only a few studies have dealt with this subject. Our aim was on the one hand to study the characteristics of alcohol-dependent patients in these variables, and on the other hand to search for gender differences...
December 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349211/early-maladaptive-schemas-in-eating-disordered-patients-with-or-without-non-suicidal-self-injury
#20
Els Pauwels, Eva Dierckx, Katrien Schoevaerts, Laurence Claes
This study investigates early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) in function of eating disorder (ED) subtypes (restrictive/bulimic) and the presence/absence of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Female inpatients (N = 491) completed the Young Schema Questionnaire and the Self-Injury Questionnaire. The influence of ED subtype and the presence/absence of NSSI and their interaction on the EMS were investigated by means of a MANCOVA. The results showed main effects of ED subtype and the presence of NSSI on EMS. Patients with bulimia scored significantly higher on insufficient self-control and emotional deprivation, which are more related to cluster B compared with restrictive patients, whereas restrictive patients scored significantly higher on social undesirability, failure to achieve, subjugation and unrelenting standards compared with patients with bulimia that are more related to cluster C...
September 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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