keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Schema

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905860/a-scoping-review-on-models-of-integrative-medicine-what-is-known-from-the-existing-literature
#1
Eun Jin Lim, Janette L Vardy, Byeong Sang Oh, Haryana M Dhillon
OBJECTIVES: Integrative medicine (IM) has been recognized and introduced into Western healthcare systems over the past two decades. Limited information on IM models is available to guide development of an optimal healthcare service. A scoping review was carried out to evaluate IM models in the extant literature, including the distinctive features of each model, to gain an understanding of the core requirements needed to develop models of IM that best meet the needs of patients. DESIGN: Directed content analysis was used to classify the IM models into systems based on coding schema developed from theoretical models and to identify the key concepts of each system...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903704/semantic-congruence-accelerates-the-onset-of-the-neural-signals-of-successful-memory-encoding
#2
P A Packard, A Rodríguez-Fornells, N Bunzeck, B Nicolás, R de Diego-Balaguer, L Fuentemilla
: As the stream of experience unfolds, our memory system rapidly transforms current inputs into long-lasting meaningful memories. A putative neural mechanism that strongly influences how input elements are transformed into meaningful memory codes relies on the ability to integrate them with existing structures of knowledge or schemas. However, it is not yet clear whether schema-related integration neural mechanisms occur during online encoding. In the current investigation, we examined the encoding-dependent nature of this phenomenon in humans...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899726/a-taxonomic-analysis-of-abstraction
#3
Stephen K Reed
An important characteristic of knowledge is that it exists at multiple levels of abstraction. This article illustrates how different levels of abstraction influence perception, comprehension, categorization, memory, and thought. Theories exist for how abstraction influences each of these cognitive processes, but there are few unifying principles for discussing these theories within a common conceptual framework. My proposed taxonomy examines three senses of abstraction: (a) an abstract entity is a concept that has no material referent, (b) abstraction focuses on only some attributes of multicomponent stimuli, and (c) an abstract idea applies to many particular instances of a category...
November 2016: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899671/repeatsdb-2-0-improved-annotation-classification-search-and-visualization-of-repeat-protein-structures
#4
Lisanna Paladin, Layla Hirsh, Damiano Piovesan, Miguel A Andrade-Navarro, Andrey V Kajava, Silvio C E Tosatto
RepeatsDB 2.0 (URL: http://repeatsdb.bio.unipd.it/) is an update of the database of annotated tandem repeat protein structures. Repeat proteins are a widespread class of non-globular proteins carrying heterogeneous functions involved in several diseases. Here we provide a new version of RepeatsDB with an improved classification schema including high quality annotations for ∼5400 protein structures. RepeatsDB 2.0 features information on start and end positions for the repeat regions and units for all entries...
November 29, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898834/the-triticeae-toolbox-combining-phenotype-and-genotype-data-to-advance-small-grains-breeding
#5
Victoria C Blake, Clay Birkett, David E Matthews, David L Hane, Peter Bradbury, Jean-Luc Jannink
The Triticeae Toolbox (; T3) is the database schema enabling plant breeders and researchers to combine, visualize, and interrogate the wealth of phenotype and genotype data generated by the Triticeae Coordinated Agricultural Project (TCAP). T3 enables users to define specific data sets for download in formats compatible with the external tools TASSEL, Flapjack, and R; or to use by software residing on the T3 server for operations such as Genome Wide Association and Genomic Prediction. New T3 tools to assist plant breeders include a Selection Index Generator, analytical tools to compare phenotype trials using common or user-defined indices, and a histogram generator for nursery reports, with applications using the Android OS, and a Field Plot Layout Designer in development...
July 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896673/the-clinical-safety-biodistribution-and-internal-radiation-dosimetry-of-18-f-ah113804-in-healthy-adult-volunteers
#6
E J Somer, R Owenius, A Wall, G Antoni, A Thibblin, J Sörensen
BACKGROUND: Quantitative biodistribution, venous blood and excretion data have been obtained following the intravenous bolus injection of AH113804 ((18)F) Injection in six healthy volunteers (HVs), four males and two females, up to approximately 5 h post-injection. For each subject, key organs and tissues were delineated and analytical fits were made to the image data as functions of time to yield the normalised cumulated activities. These were input to an internal radiation dosimetry calculation based upon the Medical Internal Radiation Dose (MIRD) schema for the Cristy-Eckerman adult male or female phantom...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893232/narrative-production-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-and-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-similarities-and-differences
#7
Sanne J M Kuijper, Catharina A Hartman, Suzanne T M Bogaerds-Hazenberg, Petra Hendriks
The present study focuses on the similarities and differences in language production between children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In addition, we investigated whether Theory of Mind (ToM), working memory, and response inhibition are associated with language production. Narratives, produced by 106 Dutch-speaking children (36 with ASD, 34 with ADHD, and 36 typically developing) aged 6 to 12 during ADOS assessment, were examined on several linguistic measures: verbal productivity, speech fluency, syntactic complexity, lexical semantics, and discourse pragmatics...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890323/ventromedial-prefrontal-cortex-generates-pre-stimulus-theta-coherence-desynchronization-a-schema-instantiation-hypothesis
#8
Asaf Gilboa, Morris Moscovitch
The ventral medial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) has long been implicated in monitoring of memory veracity, and more recently also in memory schema functions. In our model of strategic retrieval the two are related. We have proposed that the vmPFC has two schema-dependent functions: (i) to establish context-relevant templates against which the output of memory systems can be compared; (ii) to mediate automatic decision monitoring processes to ensure that only those responses that meet the criterion are enacted...
October 31, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883179/evidence-that-an-internal-schema-adapts-swallowing-to-upper-airway-requirements
#9
Seng Mun Wong, Rickie J Domangue, Sidney Fels, Christy L Ludlow
Hyoid and laryngeal movements contribute to laryngeal vestibule closure and upper esophageal sphincter opening during swallowing. Evidence of an internal sensorimotor scaling system allowing individuals to achieve these functional goals is lacking. In speech, speakers adjust their articulatory movement magnitude according to the movement distance required to reach an articulatory target for intelligible speech. We investigated if swallowing is similar in that movement amplitude may be scaled by the functional goal for airway protection during swallowing, rather than by head and neck size...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881150/a-metadata-schema-for-data-objects-in-clinical-research
#10
Steve Canham, Christian Ohmann
BACKGROUND: A large number of stakeholders have accepted the need for greater transparency in clinical research and, in the context of various initiatives and systems, have developed a diverse and expanding number of repositories for storing the data and documents created by clinical studies (collectively known as data objects). To make the best use of such resources, we assert that it is also necessary for stakeholders to agree and deploy a simple, consistent metadata scheme. METHODS: The relevant data objects and their likely storage are described, and the requirements for metadata to support data sharing in clinical research are identified...
November 24, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881098/genomic-determination-of-minimum-multi-locus-sequence-typing-schemas-to-represent-the-genomic-phylogeny-of-mycoplasma-hominis
#11
Aleksey Jironkin, Rebecca J Brown, Anthony Underwood, Victoria J Chalker, Owen B Spiller
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma hominis is an opportunistic human pathogen, associated with clinically diverse disease. Currently, there is no standardised method for typing M. hominis, which would aid in understanding pathogen epidemiology and transmission. Due to availability and costs of whole genome sequencing and the challenges in obtaining adequate M. hominis DNA, the use of whole genome sequence analysis to provide clinical guidance is unpractical for this bacterial species as well as other fastidious organisms...
November 23, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878966/risk-adapted-stratification-for-optimally-intensive-treatment-assignment-of-pediatric-patients-with-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-is-an-effective-strategy-in-developing-countries
#12
Asim F Belgaumi, Mohammed Anas, Khawar S Siddiqui, Mohammed F Akhter, Amani Al-Kofide
BACKGROUND: Pediatric patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in developing countries (DCs) present with greater tumor load even at lower stages and with comorbidities that impact therapy delivery. This causes toxic mortality with "standard" intensive protocols or recurrences with "gentler" treatment. OBJECTIVES: We developed and evaluated a risk stratification schema that guides intensity of therapy. DESIGN/METHODS: Sixty-nine patients were prospectively assigned to five risk groups (A-E; n = 6, 15, 16, 15, and 17) following staging and treated with protocols of risk-stratified intensity...
November 23, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869432/-massive-hydrothorax-in-a-ease-of-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-conservative-treatment-without-interruption-of-peritoneal-dialysis
#13
Gustavo R Marin
: The hydrothorax is a known but rare complication of acute and chronic peritoneal dialysis. Patients with hemolytic uremic syndrome seem to be more prone to this complication. Usually discontinuation of treatment is necessary due to the lack of resolution or recurrence of hydrothorax and transfer to hemodialysis, but some patients can continue dialysis with modification of technique and with resolution of hydrothorax. CASE REPORT: a child with hemolytic uremic syndrome presented a massive hydrothorax during acute peritoneal dialysis which resolved with dialysis schema modification without interruption of treatment...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866001/generating-disease-pertinent-treatment-vocabularies-from-medline-citations
#14
Liqin Wang, Guilherme Del Fiol, Bruce E Bray, Peter J Haug
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare communities have identified a significant need for disease-specific information. Disease-specific ontologies are useful in assisting the retrieval of disease-relevant information from various sources. However, building these ontologies is labor intensive. Our goal is to develop a system for an automated generation of disease-pertinent concepts from a popular knowledge resource for the building of disease-specific ontologies. METHODS: A pipeline system was developed with an initial focus of generating disease-specific treatment vocabularies...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862056/integrating-social-justice-into-the-practice-of-cbft-a-critical-look-at-family-schemas
#15
Elizabeth O Parker, Teresa McDowell
Many families come to therapy struggling with the negative consequence of social inequity. Family therapy modalities have been developed to address these negative consequences and attend to power and social equity (Transformative family therapy: Just families in a just society. Boston, MA: Pearson Education; Socio-emotional relationship therapy. New York, NY: Springer). We argue that many family therapy modalities can be adapted to include social equity (Applying critical social theory in family therapy practice...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862010/extension-of-research-data-repository-system-to-support-direct-compute-access-to-biomedical-datasets-enhancing-dataverse-to-support-large-datasets
#16
Bill McKinney, Peter A Meyer, Mercè Crosas, Piotr Sliz
Access to experimental X-ray diffraction image data is important for validation and reproduction of macromolecular models and indispensable for the development of structural biology processing methods. In response to the evolving needs of the structural biology community, we recently established a diffraction data publication system, the Structural Biology Data Grid (SBDG, data.sbgrid.org), to preserve primary experimental datasets supporting scientific publications. All datasets published through the SBDG are freely available to the research community under a public domain dedication license, with metadata compliant with the DataCite Schema (schema...
November 10, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861588/endogenous-testosterone-and-exogenous-oxytocin-modulate-attentional-processing-of-infant-faces
#17
Sarah K C Holtfrerich, Katharina A Schwarz, Christian Sprenger, Luise Reimers, Esther K Diekhof
Evidence indicates that hormones modulate the intensity of maternal care. Oxytocin is known for its positive influence on maternal behavior and its important role for childbirth. In contrast, testosterone promotes egocentric choices and reduces empathy. Further, testosterone decreases during parenthood which could be an adaptation to increased parental investment. The present study investigated the interaction between testosterone and oxytocin in attentional control and their influence on attention to baby schema in women...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856553/crossing-the-threshold-bringing-biological-variation-to-the-foreground
#18
Janet M Batzli, Jennifer K Knight, Laurel M Hartley, April Cordero Maskiewicz, Elizabeth A Desy
Threshold concepts have been referred to as "jewels in the curriculum": concepts that are key to competency in a discipline but not taught explicitly. In biology, researchers have proposed the idea of threshold concepts that include such topics as variation, randomness, uncertainty, and scale. In this essay, we explore how the notion of threshold concepts can be used alongside other frameworks meant to guide instructional and curricular decisions, and we examine the proposed threshold concept of variation and how it might influence students' understanding of core concepts in biology focused on genetics and evolution...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852022/-parietal-cortices-and-body-information
#19
Eiichi Naito, Kaoru Amemiya, Tomoyo Morita
Proprioceptive signals originating from skeletal muscles and joints contribute to the formation of both the human body schema and the body image. In this chapter, we introduce various types of bodily illusions that are elicited by proprioceptive inputs, and we discuss distinct functions implemented by different parietal cortices. First, we illustrate the primary importance of the motor network in the processing of proprioceptive (kinesthetic) signals originating from muscle spindles. Next, we argue that the right inferior parietal cortex, in concert with the inferior frontal cortex (both regions connected by the inferior branch of the superior longitudinal fasciculus-SLF III), may be involved in the conscious experience of body image...
November 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847490/neural-correlates-of-learning-from-induced-insight-a-case-for-reward-based-episodic-encoding
#20
Jasmin M Kizilirmak, Hannes Thuerich, Kristian Folta-Schoofs, Björn H Schott, Alan Richardson-Klavehn
Experiencing insight when solving problems can improve memory formation for both the problem and its solution. The underlying neural processes involved in this kind of learning are, however, thus far insufficiently understood. Here, we conceptualized insight as the sudden understanding of a novel relationship between known stimuli that fits into existing knowledge and is accompanied by a positive emotional response. Hence, insight is thought to comprise associative novelty, schema congruency, and intrinsic reward, all of which are separately known to enhance memory performance...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
keyword
keyword
43883
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"