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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330671/internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviors-share-a-common-predictor-the-effects-of-early-maladaptive-schemas-are-mediated-by-coping-responses-and-schema-modes
#1
Marjolein F van Wijk-Herbrink, David P Bernstein, Nick J Broers, Jeffrey Roelofs, Marleen M Rijkeboer, Arnoud A Arntz
We investigated the relationships of adolescents' internalizing and externalizing behaviors with their early maladaptive schemas (EMS), coping responses, and schema modes. We focused on EMS related to experiences of disconnection and rejection that comprise vulnerable emotions, such as shame, mistrust, deprivation, abandonment, and isolation/alienation. This cross-sectional study included a total of 699 adolescents (combined clinical and non-referred sample) who were 11 to 18 years old (M = 14.6; SD = 1...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325436/patient-predictors-of-response-to-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-and-schema-therapy-for-depression
#2
Janet D Carter, Virginia Vw McIntosh, Jennifer Jordan, Richard J Porter, Katie Douglas, Christopher M Frampton, Peter R Joyce
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined differential predictors of response to psychotherapy for depression. Greater understanding about the factors associated with therapeutic response may better enable therapists to optimise response by targeting therapy for the individual. The aim of the current exploratory study was to examine patient characteristics associated with response to cognitive behaviour therapy and schema therapy for depression. METHODS: Participants were 100 outpatients in a clinical trial randomised to either cognitive behaviour therapy or schema therapy...
January 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321667/the-management-of-retinoblastoma
#3
REVIEW
Ido D Fabian, Zerrin Onadim, Esin Karaa, Catriona Duncan, Tanzina Chowdhury, Irene Scheimberg, Shin-Ichi Ohnuma, M Ashwin Reddy, Mandeep S Sagoo
Retinoblastoma (Rb) is the most common primary intraocular malignancy of childhood, but an uncommon paediatric cancer, with a constant incidence worldwide of 1:15,000-1:20,000 live births. Despite its rarity, Rb has served as a cornerstone in the field of oncology in many of the aspects that comprise cancer management, including classification schemes, treatment modalities, genetic testing and screening. Until just over half a century ago, the major treatment for Rb was eye removal, and prognosis was poor with outcome fatal for most children...
January 11, 2018: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315152/impact-of-surgeon-self-evaluation-and-positive-deviance-on-postoperative-adverse-events-after-non-cardiac-thoracic-surgery
#4
Jelena Ivanovic, Fargol Mostofian, Caitlin Anstee, Sebastien Gilbert, Donna E Maziak, Farid M Shamji, Ramanadhan Sudhir Sundaresan, Patrick James Villeneuve, Andrew J E Seely
As an innovative approach to improve quality of surgical care, we combined surgeon self-assessment and anonymized peer comparison with continuous quality improvement seminars using positive deviance (CQI/PD) to identify surgeon(s) with the lowest rates of adverse events (AEs) to guide group practice recommendations. Our objective was to quantify the impact these interventions on postoperative AEs rates after major non-cardiac chest operations. All postoperative AEs after all thoracic operations (n = 1,084, March, 2013 to February, 2016, single-center) were prospectively collected using the thoracic morbidity and mortality system, based on Clavien-Dindo schema...
January 8, 2018: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310506/neuronal-activity-organization-features-in-human-consciousness-summary-of-introductory-remarks-in-a-dialogue-with-neurological-surgery-residents
#5
Cristian L Vera, Sunil J Patel, Fraser C Henderson, Donna R Roberts, Vibhor Krishna
Agreeing with Damasio's statement defining the "process" of consciousness, we propose the self as created by mind-based knowledge and a combination of images of an organism's intentional motor responses interacting with its environment. The lemniscal system, with plastic capabilities, manages gravity in voluntary movement. The spinal segment motor reflex represents the schema of gravity-managing neuronal activity, and it can become "nested" in cortical areas participating in consciousness-building, allowing consideration of the brain as a hyper-evolved nervous system segment harboring atavic spinal organization...
January 9, 2018: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300977/schemata-consort-and-the-salk-polio-vaccine-trial
#6
Charles J Kowalski, Adam J Mrdjenovich
In this essay, we defend the design of the Salk polio vaccine trial and try to put some limits on the role schemata should play in designing clinical research studies. Our presentation is structured as a response to de Freitas and Pietrobon (de Freitas, R. S. and R. Pietrobon. 2007. Whoever could get rid of the context of discovery/context of justification dichotomy? A proposal based on recent developments in clinical research. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32:25-42.) who identified the CONSORT statement as a schema that would have, had it existed at the time, ruled out the design of the Salk polio vaccine trial of 1954 in favor of a completely randomized controlled clinical trial (RCT)...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300203/evolving-criteria-for-the-diagnosis-of-antibody-mediated-rejection-in-renal-allografts
#7
Mark Haas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review changes in the Banff schema for antibody-mediated renal allograft rejection over the past decade, including key revisions agreed upon during and immediately subsequent to the 2017 Banff Conference on Allograft Pathology. RECENT FINDINGS: The original Banff schema for diagnosis of acute and chronic active antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR) in renal allografts was formulated at the 2001 and 2007 Banff Conferences, and required histologic (primarily microvascular inflammation and transplant glomerulopathy), immunohistologic (C4d in peritubular capillaries), and serologic [circulating donor-specific antibodies (DSA)] evidence for a definitive diagnosis of ABMR...
January 2, 2018: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297414/an-automatic-approach-for-constructing-a-knowledge-base-of-symptoms-in-chinese
#8
Tong Ruan, Mengjie Wang, Jian Sun, Ting Wang, Lu Zeng, Yichao Yin, Ju Gao
BACKGROUND: While a large number of well-known knowledge bases (KBs) in life science have been published as Linked Open Data, there are few KBs in Chinese. However, KBs in Chinese are necessary when we want to automatically process and analyze electronic medical records (EMRs) in Chinese. Of all, the symptom KB in Chinese is the most seriously in need, since symptoms are the starting point of clinical diagnosis. RESULTS: We publish a public KB of symptoms in Chinese, including symptoms, departments, diseases, medicines, and examinations as well as relations between symptoms and the above related entities...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296554/serum-components-and-clinical-efficacies-of-autologous-serum-eye-drops-in-dry-eye-patients-with-active-and-inactive-sjogren-syndrome
#9
I-Hsin Ma, Lily Wei Chen, Wen-Hui Tu, Chia-Ju Lu, Chien-Jung Huang, Wei-Li Chen
PURPOSE: Autologous serum eye drops are considered safe and efficient for the treatment of various ocular surface disorders, including dry eye diseases (DED) caused by the primary and secondary Sjogren syndrome (SS). However, the serum components in patients of SS may be different from those of normal patients and can thus lead to unpredictable therapeutic effects. This study divided the SS patients into active and inactive types based on the erythrocyte sedimentation rate and the presence or absence of active rheumatoid arthritis...
October 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282089/evaluation-of-a-software-module-for-adaptive-treatment-planning-and-re-irradiation
#10
Anne Richter, Stefan Weick, Thomas Krieger, Florian Exner, Sonja Kellner, Bülent Polat, Michael Flentje
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to validate the Dynamic Planning Module in terms of usability and acceptance in the treatment planning workflow. METHODS: The Dynamic Planning Module was used for decision making whether a plan adaptation was necessary within one course of radiation therapy. The Module was also used for patients scheduled for re-irradiation to estimate the dose in the pretreated region and calculate the accumulated dose to critical organs at risk...
December 28, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281001/genome-u-plot-a-whole-genome-visualization
#11
Athanasios Gaitatzes, Sarah H Johnson, James B Smadbeck, George Vasmatzis
Motivation: The ability to produce and analyze whole genome sequencing (WGS) data from samples with structural variations (SV) generated the need to visualize such abnormalities in simplified plots. Conventional two-dimensional representations of WGS data frequently use either circular or linear layouts. There are several diverse advantages regarding both these representations, but their major disadvantage is that they do not use the two-dimensional space very efficiently. We propose a layout, termed the Genome U-Plot, which spreads the chromosomes on a two-dimensional surface and essentially quadruples the spatial resolution...
December 21, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280092/classifying-clinical-notes-with-pain-assessment-using-machine-learning
#12
Samah Jamal Fodeh, Dezon Finch, Lina Bouayad, Stephen L Luther, Han Ling, Robert D Kerns, Cynthia Brandt
Pain is a significant public health problem, affecting millions of people in the USA. Evidence has highlighted that patients with chronic pain often suffer from deficits in pain care quality (PCQ) including pain assessment, treatment, and reassessment. Currently, there is no intelligent and reliable approach to identify PCQ indicators inelectronic health records (EHR). Hereby, we used unstructured text narratives in the EHR to derive pain assessment in clinical notes for patients with chronic pain. Our dataset includes patients with documented pain intensity rating ratings > = 4 and initial musculoskeletal diagnoses (MSD) captured by (ICD-9-CM codes) in fiscal year 2011 and a minimal 1 year of follow-up (follow-up period is 3-yr maximum); with complete data on key demographic variables...
December 26, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279209/an-integrative-theoretical-understanding-of-aggression-a-brief-exposition
#13
REVIEW
L Rowell Huesmann
Like other social behaviors, aggressive behavior is always a product of predisposing personal factors and precipitating situational factors. The predisposing factors exert their influence by creating encoded social cognitions including schemas about the world, scripts for social behavior, and normative beliefs about what is appropriate. These social cognitions interact with situational primes to determine behavior. These social cognitions are acquired primarily through observational learning; so youth who are repeatedly exposed to violence will acquire social cognitions promoting aggression that last into adulthood...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272995/primary-care-challenges-of-an-obscure-case-of-alice-in-wonderland-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-severe-malaria-in-a-resource-constrained-setting-a-case-report
#14
Benjamin Momo Kadia, Cyril Jabea Ekabe, Ettamba Agborndip
BACKGROUND: "Alice in Wonderland" syndrome (AIWS) is a rare neurological abnormality characterized by distortions of visual perceptions, body schema and experience of time. AIWS has been reported in patients with various infections such as infectious mononucleosis, H1N1 influenza, Cytomegalovirus encephalitis, and typhoid encephalopathy. However, AIWS occurring in a patient with severe malaria is less familiar and could pose serious primary care challenges in a low-income context. CASE PRESENTATION: A 9-year-old male of black African ethnicity was brought by his parents to our primary care hospital because for 2 days he had been experiencing intermittent sudden perceptions of his parents' heads and objects around him either "shrinking" or "expanding"...
December 22, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262373/two-distinct-fluorescence-states-of-the-ligand-induced-green-fluorescent-protein-unag
#15
Yoh Shitashima, Togo Shimozawa, Akiko Kumagai, Atsushi Miyawaki, Toru Asahi
UnaG is a recently discovered ligand-induced fluorescent protein that utilizes bound bilirubin (BR) as its fluorophore. The fluorescence of the UnaG-BR complex (holoUnaG) compares in quantum efficiency to that of enhanced green fluorescent protein, but it is superior in that the fluorophore formation is instantaneous and not dependent on oxygen; hence, much attention has been paid to UnaG as a new fluorescent probe. However, many important molecular properties of fluorescent probes remain unknown, such as the association/dissociation rates of BR, which determine the stability thereof, and the dispersibility of UnaG in aqueous solutions, which influence the functions of labeled proteins...
December 19, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250215/the-measurement-of-cognitive-schemas-validation-of-the-psychological-distance-scaling-task-in-a-community-mental-health-sample
#16
Caroline Diehl, Seohyun Yin, Hannah Markell, Robert Gallop, Mary Beth Connolly Gibbons, Paul Crits-Christoph
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of the Psychological Distance Scaling Task (PDST), a measure of cognitive schema organization, in a community mental health setting. We also compared validity among African Americans and Caucasians. Method: In order to accommodate participants with low education levels, 26 out of 80 PDST word stimuli were replaced with similar words at a lower reading level. A sample of 466 (42% African American; 50% Caucasian; 8% other) community patients with major depressive disorder completed the PDST and a variety of depressive symptom measures...
2017: International Journal of Cognitive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246978/stress-leads-to-aberrant-hippocampal-involvement-when-processing-schema-related-information
#17
Susanne Vogel, Lisa Marieke Kluen, Guillén Fernández, Lars Schwabe
Prior knowledge, represented as a mental schema, has critical impact on how we organize, interpret, and process incoming information. Recent findings indicate that the use of an existing schema is coordinated by the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), communicating with parietal areas. The hippocampus, however, is crucial for encoding schema-unrelated information but not for schema-related information. A recent study indicated that stress mediators may affect schema-related memory, but the underlying neural mechanisms are currently unknown...
January 2018: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241416/culture-masculine-honor-and-violence-toward-women
#18
Ryan P Brown, Kiersten Baughman, Mauricio Carvallo
Prior research has connected the cultural ideology of honor to intrasexual violence between men and to attitudes supporting intersexual aggression in response to perceived honor violations by female romantic partners. We extend this research to show that honor ideology is also associated with an increased likelihood of men actually engaging in violent and sexually coercive behaviors toward women. Extending previous research on honor-based schemas and scripts linked to relationship violence, comparisons between honor states and non-honor states in the United States show that official rape and domestic homicide rates by White male perpetrators (Study 1) and experiences of rape and violence in relationships anonymously reported by White female teenagers (Study 2) were higher in honor states, controlling for a variety of potential confounds...
December 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238497/the-role-of-anxiety-and-depression-on-acceptance-and-action-considering-emotional-schemas-in-diabetics-of-birjand-iran
#19
Elham Imani, Fatemeh Shahabizadeh, Alireza Mahmoodirad
Background: Diabetes is one of the most common noncommunicable diseases around the world that accompanies assorted psychiatric disorders including anxiety and depression due to being chronic. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of anxiety and depression on acceptance and action, considering emotional schemas of diabetics referring to diabetes clinics of health centers in Birjand, Iran. Methods: This study was conducted in 2016 and was a correlational study with a structural equation modeling approach...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238317/therapeutic-self-disclosure-within-dbt-schema-therapy-and-cbasp-opportunities-and-challenges
#20
Stephan Köhler, Anne Guhn, Felix Betzler, Christian Stiglmayr, Eva-Lotta Brakemeier, Philipp Sterzer
In recent years, various therapeutic interventions have been established that extended behavior and cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) by so-called "third-wave" strategies. In order to address specific therapeutic challenges in certain subgroups of patients who do not sufficiently respond to "classical CBT," some of these third-wave strategies put particular emphasis on therapist self-disclosure. This article highlights therapeutic self-disclosure as a means to address interpersonal problems by comparing three third-wave strategies: (a) acceptance and change strategies as used in Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), (b) the concept of "limited reparenting" as used in Schema Therapy (ST), and (c) disciplined personal involvement as used in the Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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