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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925287/assessing-and-developing-the-written-reflective-practice-skills-of-speech-language-pathology-students
#1
Kate Cook, Gina Tillard, Christine Wyles, Daniel Gerhard, Tika Ormond, Megan McAuliffe
PURPOSE: Written reflective practice aims to support critical thinking and problem solving skills in speech-language pathology (SLP) clinical education programmes. Yet, there has been limited investigation of students' development of written reflective practice skills over time and during a real-time clinical experience. The purpose of this study was to investigate students' development of breadth and depth of written reflective practice across a six-week clinical experience. METHOD: Participants were 59 undergraduate and 14 postgraduate SLP students...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919394/concomitant-chemotherapy-and-radiotherapy-with-sbrt-boost-for-unresectable-stage-iii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-phase-i-study
#2
Kristin A Higgins, Rathi N Pillai, Zhengjia Chen, Sibo Tian, Chao Zhang, Pretesh Patel, Suchita Pakkala, Jay Shelton, Seth D Force, Felix G Fernandez, Conor E Steuer, Taofeek K Owonikoko, Suresh S Ramalingam, Jeffrey D Bradley, Walter J Curran
PURPOSE: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) is now the standard of care in medically inoperable stage I non-small cell lung cancer, yielding high rates of local control. It is unknown if SBRT can be safely utilized in the locally advanced NSCLC setting. This multi-institution phase I study evaluated the safety of 44 Gy conventionally fractionated thoracic radiation with concurrent chemotherapy plus a dose escalated SBRT boost to both the primary tumor and involved mediastinal lymph nodes...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912658/a-systematic-method-to-detect-the-metabolic-threshold-from-gas-exchange-during-incremental-exercise
#3
Brett A Dolezal, Thomas W Storer, Eric V Neufeld, Stephanie Smooke, Chi-Hong Tseng, Christopher B Cooper
Incremental exercise consists of three domains of exercise intensity demarcated by two thresholds. The first of these thresholds, derived from gas exchange measurements, is defined as the metabolic threshold (V̇O2θ) above which lactate accumulates. Correctly and reliably identified, V̇O2θ is a non-invasive, sub-maximal marker of aerobic function with practical value. This investigation compared variability in selection of V̇O2θ among interpreters with different levels of experience as well as from auto-detection algorithms employed by a commercially available metabolic cart (MC)...
September 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903894/prototype-development-context-driven-dynamic-xml-ophthalmologic-data-capture-application
#4
Peggy Peissig, Kelsey M Schwei, Christopher Kadolph, Joseph Finamore, Efrain Cancel, Catherine A McCarty, Asha Okorie, Kate L Thomas, Jennifer Allen Pacheco, Jyotishman Pathak, Stephen B Ellis, Joshua C Denny, Luke V Rasmussen, Gerard Tromp, Marc S Williams, Tamara R Vrabec, Murray H Brilliant
BACKGROUND: The capture and integration of structured ophthalmologic data into electronic health records (EHRs) has historically been a challenge. However, the importance of this activity for patient care and research is critical. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a prototype of a context-driven dynamic extensible markup language (XML) ophthalmologic data capture application for research and clinical care that could be easily integrated into an EHR system...
September 13, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903729/dynamic-etl-a-hybrid-approach-for-health-data-extraction-transformation-and-loading
#5
Toan C Ong, Michael G Kahn, Bethany M Kwan, Traci Yamashita, Elias Brandt, Patrick Hosokawa, Chris Uhrich, Lisa M Schilling
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) contain detailed clinical data stored in proprietary formats with non-standard codes and structures. Participating in multi-site clinical research networks requires EHR data to be restructured and transformed into a common format and standard terminologies, and optimally linked to other data sources. The expertise and scalable solutions needed to transform data to conform to network requirements are beyond the scope of many health care organizations and there is a need for practical tools that lower the barriers of data contribution to clinical research networks...
September 13, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898892/posterior-hemi-laminectomy-and-facetectomy-approach-for-the-treatment-of-dumbbell-shaped-schwannomas-in-the-subaxial-cervical-spine-a-retrospective-study-of-26-cases
#6
Yong Huang, Zuowei Wang, Zan Chen, Hao Wu, Fengzeng Jian
OBJECTIVE: It is difficult to completely and safely remove a tumor that is located in the subaxial cervical spine by using the posterior approach because of the anatomical characteristics. Previous reports regarding the total removal of subaxial schwannomas using the one-stage posterior approach are still limited. This study was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of treating the dumbbell-shaped schwannomas in the subaxial cervical spine using the one-stage posterior approach. METHODS: Patients with dumbbell-shaped schwannomas in the subaxial cervical spine were treated using the one-stage posterior approach...
September 12, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894418/what-is-art-good-for-the-socio-epistemic-value-of-art
#7
REVIEW
Aleksandra Sherman, Clair Morrissey
Scientists, humanists, and art lovers alike value art not just for its beauty, but also for its social and epistemic importance; that is, for its communicative nature, its capacity to increase one's self-knowledge and encourage personal growth, and its ability to challenge our schemas and preconceptions. However, empirical research tends to discount the importance of such social and epistemic outcomes of art engagement, instead focusing on individuals' preferences, judgments of beauty, pleasure, or other emotional appraisals as the primary outcomes of art appreciation...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890713/bad-phages-in-good-bacteria-role-of-the-mysterious-orf63-of-%C3%AE-and-shiga-toxin-converting-%C3%AE-24b-bacteriophages
#8
Aleksandra Dydecka, Sylwia Bloch, Ali Rizvi, Shaili Perez, Bozena Nejman-Falenczyk, Gracja Topka, Tomasz Gasior, Agnieszka Necel, Grzegorz Wegrzyn, Logan W Donaldson, Alicja Wegrzyn
Lambdoid bacteriophages form a group of viruses that shares a common schema of genome organization and lifecycle. Some of them can play crucial roles in creating the pathogenic profiles of Escherichia coli strains. For example, Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) acquired stx genes, encoding Shiga toxins, via lambdoid prophages (Stx phages). The results obtained so far present the evidence for the relation between the exo-xis region of the phage genome and lambdoid phage development, however molecular mechanisms of activities of the exo-xis genes' products are still unknown...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890602/learning-a-talker-or-learning-an-accent-acoustic-similarity-constrains-generalization-of-foreign-accent-adaptation-to-new-talkers
#9
Xin Xie, Emily B Myers
Past research has revealed that native listeners use top-down information to adjust the mapping from speech sounds to phonetic categories. Such phonetic adjustments help listeners adapt to foreign-accented speech. However, the mechanism by which talker-specific adaptation generalizes to other talkers is poorly understood. Here we asked what conditions induce crosstalker generalization in talker accent adaptation. Native-English listeners were exposed to Mandarin-accented words, produced by a single talker or multiple talkers...
December 2017: Journal of Memory and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889303/detection-of-c-di-gmp-responsive-dna-binding
#10
Jacob R Chambers, Karin Sauer
Modulation of signal transduction via binding of the secondary messenger molecule cyclic di-GMP to effector proteins is a near universal regulatory schema in bacteria. In particular, direct binding of c-di-GMP to transcriptional regulators has been shown to alter gene expression of a variety of processes. Here, we illustrate a pull-down-based DNA:protein binding reaction to determine the relative importance of c-di-GMP in the binding affinity of a target protein to specific DNA sequences. Specifically, the pull-down-based assay enables DNA binding to be analyzed with differing concentrations of c-di-GMP in the absence/presence of specific and nonspecific competitors...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885964/cervical-joint-position-sense-in-hypobaric-conditions-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#11
Diana Bagaianu, Damien Van Tiggelen, N Duvigneaud, Veerle Stevens, Danny Schroyen, Dirk Vissenaeken, Gino D'Hondt, Laurent Pitance
Well-adapted motor actions require intact and well-integrated information from all of the sensory systems, specifically the visual, vestibular, and somatosensory systems, including proprioception. Proprioception is involved in the sensorimotor control by providing the central nervous system with an updated body schema of the biomechanical and spatial properties of the body parts. With regard to the cervical spine, proprioceptive information from joint and muscle mechanoreceptors is integrated with vestibular and visual feedback to control head position, head orientation, and whole body posture...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883176/implementing-a-data-management-platform-for-longitudinal-health-research
#12
Jan-Patrick Weiß, Ursula Hübner, Jens Rauch, Jens Hüsers, Frank Teuteberg, Moritz Esdar, Jan-David Liebe
Health IT adoption research is rooted in Rogers' Diffusion of Innovation theory, which is based on longitudinal analyses. However, many studies in this field use cross-sectional designs. The aim of this study therefore was to design and implement a system to (i) consolidate survey data sets originating from different years (ii) integrate additional secondary data and (iii) query and statistically analyse these longitudinal data. Our system design comprises a 5-tier-architecture that embraces tiers for data capture, data representation, logics, presentation and integration...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873101/rosacea-treatment-schema-an-update
#13
Lorraine L Rosamilia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871031/angular-gyrus-involvement-at-encoding-and-retrieval-is-associated-with-durable-but-less-specific-memories
#14
Marieke van der Linden, Ruud M W J Berkers, Richard G M Morris, Guillén Fernández
After consolidation, information belonging to a mental schema is better remembered, but such memory can be less specific when it comes to details. A neuronal mechanism in line with this behavioral pattern could result from a dynamic interaction that entails mediation by a specific cortical network with associated hippocampal disengagement. We now report that in male and female adult human subjects, encoding and later consolidation of a series of objects embedded in a semantic schema was associated with a build-up of activity in the angular gyrus (AG) that predicted memory 24h later...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866064/surgical-outcomes-of-posterolateral-sulcus-approach-for-spinal-intramedullary-tumors-tumor-resection-and-functional-preservation
#15
Toshihiro Takami, Kentaro Naito, Toru Yamagata, Shinichi Kawahara, Kenji Ohata
BACKGROUND: Selection of the access myelotomy is a key issue in surgery for spinal intramedullary tumors. This study focused on surgical outcomes with the posterolateral sulcus (PLS) approach, equivalent to dorsal root entry zone myelotomy. METHODS: This retrospective study of the 10-year period from 2007 to 2016 included 90 cases of spinal intramedullary lesions (99 operations). A PLS approach was indicated for intramedullary lesions situated laterally in the spinal cord showing no contact with the spinal cord surface...
August 30, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865721/to-see-in-a-mirror-dimly-the-looking-glass-self-is-self-shaming-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#16
Zsolt Unoka, Gabriella Vizin
Symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD) can be conceptualized as the expression of and defenses against or response to the painful emotion of chronic shame, which may relate to early maladaptive schemas (EMS). The goal of this research is to examine levels of early maladaptive schemas, self-reported shame, and anxious or angry reactions to social put-downs as well as their associations. We also looked to assess the association of shame with BPD symptoms. Fifty-six patients with BPD completed self-report measures of EMSs, chronic shame, and reactions to put-downs...
August 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856956/semantic-and-phonological-schema-influence-spoken-word-learning-and-overnight-consolidation
#17
Viktória Havas, J S H Taylor, Lucía Vaquero, Ruth de Diego-Balaguer, Antoni Rodríguez-Fornells, Matthew H Davis
We studied the initial acquisition and overnight consolidation of new spoken words that resemble words in the native language (L1) or in an unfamiliar, non-native language (L2). Spanish-speaking participants learned the spoken forms of novel words in their native language (Spanish) or in a different language (Hungarian), which were paired with pictures of familiar or unfamiliar objects, or no picture. We thereby assessed, in a factorial way, the impact of existing knowledge (schema) on word learning by manipulating both semantic (familiar vs...
August 31, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854126/the-influence-of-guided-error-based-learning-on-motor-skills-self-efficacy-and-achievement
#18
Kuei-Pin Chien, Sufen Chen
The authors investigated the role of errors in motor skills teaching, specifically the influence of errors on skills self-efficacy and achievement. The participants were 75 undergraduate students enrolled in pétanque courses. The experimental group (guided error-based learning, n = 37) received a 6-week period of instruction based on the students' errors, whereas the control group (correct motion instruction, n = 38) received a 6-week period of instruction emphasizing correct motor skills. The experimental group had significantly higher scores in motor skills self-efficacy and outcomes than did the control group...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852890/body-representation-in-patients-after-vascular-brain-injuries
#19
Magdalena Razmus
Neuropsychological literature suggests that body representation is a multidimensional concept consisting of various types of representations. Previous studies have demonstrated dissociations between three types of body representation specified by the kind of data and processes, i.e. body schema, body structural description, and body semantics. The aim of the study was to describe the state of body representation in patients after vascular brain injuries and to provide evidence for the different types of body representation...
August 29, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851660/thymoma-a-clinicopathological-correlation-of-1470-cases
#20
Annikka Weissferdt, Neda Kalhor, Justin A Bishop, Se Jin Jang, Jae Ro, Fredrik Petersson, Bingcheng Wu, Gerald Langman, Hollie Bancroft, Yalan Bi, Yunxiao Meng, Filomena Medeiros, Hans Brunnstrom, Dominic Spagnolo, Siaw Ming Chai, Andrew Laycock, Paul E Wakely, Goran Elmberger, Fernando A Soares, Antonio H Campos, Derya Gumurdulu, Isabel Alvarado-Cabrero, Domenico Coppola, Arlene M Correa, David Rice, Reza J Mehran, Boris Sepesi, Garrett Walsh, Larry Kaiser, Cesar A Moran
We present 1470 surgical resections for thymoma identified in the pathology files of 14 institutions from 11 countries with the purpose to determine and correlate a simplified histological classification of thymoma and pathological staging with clinical outcome. The study population was comprised of 720 men and 750 women between the ages of 12 and 86years (average: 54.8years). Clinically 137 patients (17%) had a history of myasthenia gravis, 31 patients (3.8%) of other autoimmune disease, and 55 (6.8%) patients of another neoplastic process...
August 26, 2017: Human Pathology
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