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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913544/uterine-artery-doppler-in-screening-for-preeclampsia-and-fetal-growth-restriction
#1
Marianna Amaral Pedroso, Kirsten Rebecca Palmer, Ryan James Hodges, Fabricio da Silva Costa, Daniel Lorber Rolnik
OBJECTIVE:  To perform a comprehensive review of the current evidence on the role of uterine artery Doppler, isolated or in combination with other markers, in screening for preeclampsia (PE) and fetal growth restriction (FGR) in the general population. The review included recently published large cohort studies and randomized trials. METHODS:  A search of the literature was conducted using Medline, PubMed, MeSH and ScienceDirect. Combinations of the search terms "preeclampsia," "screening," "prediction," "Doppler," "Doppler velocimetry," "fetal growth restriction," "small for gestational age" and "uterine artery" were used...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913538/-intoxications-in-children-and-adolescents-in-germany
#2
Stefanie Geith, Martin Ganzert, Sabrina Schmoll, Daniela Acquarone, Michael Deters, Oliver Sauer, Andreas Stürer, Erol Tutdibi, Rafael Wagner, Florian Eyer
BACKGROUND: In Germany, intoxications cause the bulk of emergencies in children, to be prevented or attenuated by preventive measures. Therefore, knowledge about intoxications is essential for pediatricians. The present work provides general and epidemiologic data about intoxications and most frequent categories and single toxicants. METHODS: Data of intoxications in children and adolescents from 6 German poison centers (2012-2016 and 2002-2016) were retrospectively analyzed...
June 18, 2018: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913534/effects-of-acute-stress-on-thrombosis
#3
Ohad S Bentur, Galit Sarig, Benjamin Brenner, Giris Jacob
Stress, the nonspecific response to any demand for change, is an adaptive response of the human body to various stimulants. As such, stress-induced hypercoagulation may represent an adaptive response to bleeding. Numerous epidemiological studies have revealed that a correlation exists between stress and thrombotic risk and biochemically, links of the relationship between psychological stress and coagulation pathways have been made. The stress reaction is coupled with neurohormonal changes mediated mainly by the sympathetic neural system and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis...
June 18, 2018: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913528/blood-pressure-and-cognitive-performance-after-a-single-administration-of-a-camphor-crataegus-combination-in-adolescents-with-low-blood-pressure
#4
Rainer Schandry, Daniela Lindauer, Matthias Mauz
Low blood pressure is rather widespread among adolescents and frequently accompanied by complaints. Two single-center, double-blinded, randomized, and placebo-controlled trials were performed with adolescent participants in the age range of 14 - 17 y having a systolic blood pressure below 118 mmHg (boys) or 110 mmHg (girls). They received a single dose of 20 drops of a fixed combination of natural D-camphor and an ethanolic extract from fresh Crataegus berries (CCC) or of an ethanolic placebo. The efficacy of CCC (commercial name Korodin) has proven its efficacy in the treatment of low blood pressure in adults of all ages, although related placebo-controlled, double-blind studies for adolescents following European (EU) pediatric regulations are lacking...
June 18, 2018: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913523/dental-imaging-a-basic-guide-for-the-radiologist
#5
Max Masthoff, Mirjam Gerwing, Malte Masthoff, Maximilian Timme, Johannes Kleinheinz, Markus Berninger, Walter Heindel, Moritz Wildgruber, Christoph Schülke
BACKGROUND:  As dental imaging accounts for approximately 40 % of all X-ray examinations in Germany, profound knowledge of this topic is essential not only for the dentist but also for the clinical radiologist. This review focuses on basic imaging findings regarding the teeth. Therefore, tooth structure, currently available imaging techniques and common findings in conserving dentistry including endodontology, periodontology, implantology and dental trauma are presented. METHODS:  Literature research on the current state of dental radiology was performed using Pubmed...
June 18, 2018: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913515/two-in-one-diagnosing-type-2-diabetes-with-single-sample-testing
#6
K M Venkat Narayan, Ram Jagannathan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913486/prognostic-implications-of-single-sample-confirmatory-testing-for-undiagnosed-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Elizabeth Selvin, Dan Wang, Kunihiro Matsushita, Morgan E Grams, Josef Coresh
Background: Current clinical definitions of diabetes require repeated blood work to confirm elevated levels of glucose or hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) to reduce the possibility of a false-positive diagnosis. Whether 2 different tests from a single blood sample provide adequate confirmation is uncertain. Objective: To examine the prognostic performance of a single-sample confirmatory definition of undiagnosed diabetes. Design: Prospective cohort study...
June 19, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913457/anti-inflammatory-action-of-sitagliptin-and-linagliptin-in-doxorubicin-nephropathy
#8
Chor Ho Jo, Sua Kim, Joon-Sung Park, Gheun-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) inhibitors are known to have a protective effect on diabetic kidney disease, possibly via reduction of oxidative stress and inflammation in the kidney. However, whether these potential mechanisms play a role in non-diabetic proteinuric kidney diseases is not clear. METHODS: Two different animal experiments were carried out using sitagliptin and linagliptin for DPP4 inhibition. In each experiment, male Sprague-Dawley rats were uninephrectomized and randomly divided into vehicle-treated and doxorubicin-treated rats, with or without DPP4 inhibition...
June 15, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913430/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-surgery-in-patients-with-large-hiatal-hernia-a-single-center-study
#9
Angela Romano, Davide D'Amore, Giuseppe Esposito, Marianna Petrillo, Modestino Pezzella, Francesco Maria Romano, Giuseppe Izzo, Angelo Cosenza, Francesco Torelli, Antonio Volpicelli, Natale Di Martino
INTRODUCTION: Giant hiatal hernia is characterized by the presence of more than 1/3 of the stomach in the chest, through the diaphragmatic hiatus, with or without other intra-abdominal organs. It is a rare pathology, representing the 5-10% of all hiatal hernias. The advent of laparoscopic surgery led to new surgical techniques, which include the simple reduction with the excision of the hernial sac and the execution of a posterior hiatoplasty, with or without mesh, and the execution of a Collis-Nissen gatroplasty in case of short esophagus...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913402/effect-of-surfactant-application-practices-on-the-vertical-transport-potential-of-hydrophobic-pesticides-in-agrosystems
#10
Jeanne Dollinger, Veronika J Schacht, Caroline Gaus, Sharon Grant
Surfactants have the potential to modify the environmental behavior of hydrophobic pesticides leading to an enhanced or reduced mobility risk. This risk is often overlooked in registration procedures due to a lack of suitable methodologies to quantify the transport potential of pesticides with surfactants. In this study we present a novel methodology designed to study the surfactant facilitated transport of pesticides under controlled equilibrium and dynamic hydrologic conditions. Using this methodology, we investigated the risk of chlorpyrifos enhanced mobility for two common surfactant application practices in agrosystems: pesticide spraying and irrigation with waste water...
June 14, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913392/evaluation-of-ultrasound-guided-erector-spinae-plane-block-for-postoperative-analgesia-in-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#11
Serkan Tulgar, Mahmut Sertan Kapakli, Ozgur Senturk, Onur Selvi, Talat Ercan Serifsoy, Zeliha Ozer
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is a commonly performed minimally invasive procedure that has led to a decrease in procedure-related mortality and morbidity. However, LC requires analgesia that blocks both visceral and somatic nerve fibers. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of Erector Spinae Plane Block (ESPB) for postoperative analgesia management in LC. DESIGN: Single-blinded, prospective, randomized, efficiency study. SETTING: Tertiary university hospital, postoperative recovery room & ward...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913381/the-time-course-of-incentive-processing-in-anticipatory-and-consummatory-anhedonia
#12
Youmei Chen, Jing Xu, Li Zhou, Ya Zheng
BACKGROUND: Anhedonia, the reduced capacity to experience pleasure, has long been regarded as a cardinal symptom in depression and schizophrenia. Recent evidence highlights that anhedonia is not a single construct but consists of an anticipatory component and a consummatory component, which is captured by the Temporal Experience of Pleasure Scale (TEPS). The current event-related potential study examined the electrophysiological underpinnings of anticipatory and consummatory aspects of anhedonia as assessed by the TEPS in a non-clinical sample...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913371/from-the-iron-boring-scraps-to-superparamagnetic-nanoparticles-through-an-aerobic-biological-route
#13
Majid Daneshvar, Mohammad Raouf Hosseini
A straightforward, highly efficient, and low-cost biological route was introduced for the synthesis of magnetic nanoparticles. Three urease-positive bacteria namely, Bacillus subtilis, B. pasteurii, and B. licheniformis were used to biosynthesize ammonia and biosurfactants required for the nanoparticle production. Also, the features of the applied biological approach was compared with a chemical co-precipitation method. X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), vibrating-sample magnetometer (VSM), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were applied to characterize the synthesized nanoparticles...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913363/facial-ageing-in-south-african-adult-males
#14
Estha J Schmidlin, Maryna Steyn, Tobias M R Houlton, Nanette Briers
Knowledge of facial ageing is important in forensic facial approximation and photo identification. Previous studies mostly investigated facial ageing in European faces, and this research therefore aims to provide data on patterns of facial ageing in an African sample. One hundred eighty-nine black South African males aged 20 years and older were photographed in anterior and lateral views. Facial images were captured in a consistent position by using a Canon EOS 1300D camera and 18- to 55-mm EFS lens. Thirty individuals per decade were included, with the 80+ age category being limited to only nine participants...
May 18, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913292/surgical-outcomes-of-single-level-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-degenerative-spondylolisthesis-with-and-without-kyphotic-alignment
#15
Chenlei Zhu, Xubin Qiu, Ming Zhuang, Dong Cheng, Zhiwei Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913283/tuning-functions-for-automatic-detection-of-brief-changes-of-facial-expression-in-the-human-brain
#16
Arnaud Leleu, Milena Dzhelyova, Bruno Rossion, Renaud Brochard, Karine Durand, Benoist Schaal, Jean-Yves Baudouin
Efficient decoding of even brief and slight intensity facial expression changes is important for social interactions. However, robust evidence for the human brain ability to automatically detect brief and subtle changes of facial expression remains limited. Here we built on a recently developed paradigm in human electrophysiology with full-blown expressions (Dzhelyova et al., 2017), to isolate and quantify a neural marker for the detection of brief and subtle changes of facial expression. Scalp electroencephalogram (EEG) was recorded from 18 participants during stimulation of a neutral face changing randomly in size at a rapid rate of 6 Hz...
June 16, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913245/spontaneous-recovery-and-time-course-of-biological-motion-adaptation
#17
Gaoxing Mei, Qi Yuan, Guoqing Liu, Yun Pan, Min Bao
Adaptation to changes of the environment is an essential function of the visual system. Recent studies have revealed that prolonged viewing of a point-light display of a human walker can produce the perception of a point-light walker facing in the opposite direction in a subsequent ambiguous test. Similar effects of biological motion adaptation have been documented for various properties of the point-light walkers. However, the time course and controlling mechanisms for biological motion adaptation have not yet been examined...
June 15, 2018: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913243/spinal-inhibition-of-p2xr-or-p38-signaling-disrupts-hyperalgesic-priming-in-male-but-not-female-mice
#18
Candler Paige, Gayathri Batchalli Maruthy, Galo Mejia, Gregory Dussor, Theodore Price
Recent studies have demonstrated sexual dimorphisms in the mechanisms contributing to the development of chronic pain. Here we tested the hypothesis that microglia might preferentially regulate hyperalgesic priming in male mice. We based this hypothesis on evidence that microglia preferentially contribute to neuropathic pain in male mice via ionotropic purinergic receptor (P2XR) or p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (p38) signaling. Mice given a single priming injection of the soluble human interleukin-6 receptor (IL-6r) and then a second injection of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 ), which unmasks hyperalgesic priming, show a significant increase in levels of activated microglia at 3h following the PGE2 injection in both male and female mice...
June 15, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913238/the-sensitive-detection-of-ivsii-1-g%C3%AB-a-mutation-in-beta-globin-gene-using-a-nano-based-ligation-genotyping-system
#19
Somaye Heidari Sharafdarkolaee, Majid Motovali-Bashi, Pooria Gill
Beta-thalassemia (β-thalassemia) is a globally genetic diseases, and is most prevalent in the Middle East, particularly in Iran. Carrier detection and prenatal diagnosis are the best ways to managing it, and to prevent new community cases from emerging. We report on a simple method for rapid detection of the worst β-thalassemia point mutation in Iran (IVS-II-1 G>A), using a nano-based ligation assay, this was performed using probes with labeled magnetic nanoparticles and quantum dots. After optimizing the technique, 50 DNA samples were genotyped with this method...
June 15, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913227/effects-of-bright-light-exposure-on-human-fear-conditioning-extinction-and-associated-prefrontal-activation
#20
Takuya Yoshiike, Motoyasu Honma, Naoto Yamada, Yoshiharu Kim, Kenichi Kuriyama
Bright light (BL) not only regulates human emotion and circadian physiology but can also directly modulate emotional memories. Impaired fear extinction and enhanced fear acquisition and consolidation are hallmarks of fear-circuitry disorders; thus, we tested whether BL facilitates fear extinction and inhibits fear acquisition. We randomly exposed 29 healthy humans to high- (9000 lx) or low-intensity light (<500 lx) for 15 min, near the nadir of the phase response to light, in a single-blind manner...
June 15, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
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