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Global health, implementation science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770324/one-health-integration-a-proposed-framework-for-a-study-on-veterinarians-and-zoonotic-disease-management-in-ghana
#1
Sophie Françoise Valeix
In parallel with the recent world-wide promotion of One Health (OH) as a policy concept, a growing body of social science studies has raised questions about how successful OH policies and programs have been in managing some global health issues, such as zoonotic diseases. This paper briefly reviews this literature to clarify its critical perspective. Much of the literature on OH also is focused on health management at an international level and has paid less attention to implementation programs and policies for OH at the national and local levels, especially in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs)...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752493/review-of-mental-health-promotion-interventions-in-schools
#2
REVIEW
Michelle O'Reilly, Nadzeya Svirydzenka, Sarah Adams, Nisha Dogra
PURPOSE: The prevalence of mental disorders amongst children and adolescents is an increasing global problem. Schools have been positioned at the forefront of promoting positive mental health and well-being through implementing evidence-based interventions. The aim of this paper is to review current evidence-based research of mental health promotion interventions in schools and examine the reported effectiveness to identify those interventions that can support current policy and ensure that limited resources are appropriately used...
May 11, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727377/cardiovascular-nursing-science-priorities-a-statement-from-the-american-heart-association-council-on-cardiovascular-and-stroke-nursing
#3
Mariann R Piano, Nancy T Artinian, Holli A DeVon, Susan T Pressler, Kathleen T Hickey, Deborah A Chyun
BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association's (AHA) Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing (CVSN) plays a critical role in advancing the mission of the AHA in the discovery of new scientific knowledge. The aim was to identify priority research topics that would promote and improve cardiovascular (CV) health, provide direction for the education of future nurse scientists, and serve as a resource and catalyst for federal and organizational funding priorities. METHODS: A Qualtrics survey, which included 3 questions about priorities for CVSN nurse researchers, was sent to the CVSN Leadership Committee and all CVSN Fellows of the AHA (n = 208)...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705769/ongoing-training-of-community-health-workers-in-low-income-andmiddle-income-countries-a-systematic-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#4
James O'Donovan, Charles O'Donovan, Isla Kuhn, Sonia Ehrlich Sachs, Niall Winters
OBJECTIVES: Understanding the current landscape of ongoing training for community health workers (CHWs) in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) is important both for organisations responsible for their training, as well as researchers and policy makers. This scoping review explores this under-researched area by mapping the current delivery implementation and evaluation of ongoing training provision for CHWs in LMICs. DESIGN: Systematic scoping review. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase, AMED, Global Health, Web of Science, Scopus, ASSIA, LILACS, BEI and ERIC...
April 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705725/do-cash-transfer-programmes-yield-better-health-in-the-first-year-of-life-a-systematic-review-linking-low-income-middle-income-and-high-income-contexts
#5
REVIEW
Arjumand Siddiqi, Akshay Rajaram, Steven P Miller
INTRODUCTION: Decades of research unequivocally demonstrates that no matter the society, socioeconomic resources are perhaps the most fundamental determinants of health throughout the life course, including during its very earliest stages. As a result, societies have implemented 'cash transfer' programmes, whichprovide income supplementation to reduce socioeconomic disadvantage among the poorest families with young children. Despite this being a common approach of societies around the world, research on effects of these programmes in low-income/middle-income countries, and those in high-income countries has been conducted as if they are entirely distinct phenomena...
April 28, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698487/enhanced-surveillance-for-rift-valley-fever-in-livestock-during-el-ni%C3%A3-o-rains-and-threat-of-rvf-outbreak-kenya-2015-2016
#6
Harry Oyas, Lindsey Holmstrom, Naomi P Kemunto, Matthew Muturi, Athman Mwatondo, Eric Osoro, Austine Bitek, Bernard Bett, Jane W Githinji, Samuel M Thumbi, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Peninah M Munyua, M Kariuki Njenga
BACKGROUND: In mid-2015, the United States' Pandemic Prediction and Forecasting Science and Technical Working Group of the National Science and Technology Council, Food and Agriculture Organization Emergency Prevention Systems, and Kenya Meteorological Department issued an alert predicting a high possibility of El-Niño rainfall and Rift Valley Fever (RVF) epidemic in Eastern Africa. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In response to the alert, the Kenya Directorate of Veterinary Services (KDVS) carried out an enhanced syndromic surveillance system between November 2015 and February 2016, targeting 22 RVF high-risk counties in the country as identified previously through risk mapping...
April 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696135/successful-deployment-of-high-flow-nasal-cannula-in-a-peruvian-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-using-implementation-science-lessons-learned
#7
Katie R Nielsen, Rosario Becerra, Gabriela Mallma, José Tantaleán da Fieno
Acute lower respiratory infections are the leading cause of death outside the neonatal period for children less than 5 years of age. Widespread availability of invasive and non-invasive mechanical ventilation in resource-rich settings has reduced mortality rates; however, these technologies are not always available in many low- and middle-income countries due to the high cost and trained personnel required to implement and sustain their use. High flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is a form of non-invasive respiratory support with growing evidence for use in pediatric respiratory failure...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681030/through-patients-eyes-regulation-technology-privacy-and-the-future
#8
Carolyn Petersen
Privacy is commonly regarded as a regulatory requirement achieved via technical and organizational management practices. Those working in the field of informatics often play a role in privacy preservation as a result of their expertise in information technology, workflow analysis, implementation science, or related skills. Viewing privacy from the perspective of patients whose protected health information is at risk broadens the considerations to include the perceived duality of privacy; the existence of privacy within a context unique to each patient; the competing needs inherent within privacy management; the need for particular consideration when data are shared; and the need for patients to control health information in a global setting...
April 22, 2018: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623683/essential-ocean-variables-for-global-sustained-observations-of-biodiversity-and-ecosystem-changes
#9
Patricia Miloslavich, Nicholas J Bax, Samantha E Simmons, Eduardo Klein, Ward Appeltans, Octavio Aburto-Oropeza, Melissa Andersen Garcia, Sonia D Batten, Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi, David M Checkley, Sanae Chiba, J Emmett Duffy, Daniel C Dunn, Albert Fischer, John Gunn, Raphael Kudela, Francis Marsac, Frank E Muller-Karger, David Obura, Yunne-Jai Shin
Sustained observations of marine biodiversity and ecosystems focused on specific conservation and management problems are needed around the world to effectively mitigate or manage changes resulting from anthropogenic pressures. These observations, while complex and expensive, are required by the international scientific, governance and policy communities to provide baselines against which the effects of human pressures and climate change may be measured and reported, and resources allocated to implement solutions...
April 5, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588267/the-smart-study-a-mobile-health-and-citizen-science-methodological-platform-for-active-living-surveillance-integrated-knowledge-translation-and-policy-interventions-longitudinal-study
#10
Tarun Reddy Katapally, Jasmin Bhawra, Scott T Leatherdale, Leah Ferguson, Justin Longo, Daniel Rainham, Richard Larouche, Nathaniel Osgood
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide, costing approximately US $67.5 billion per year to health care systems. To curb the physical inactivity pandemic, it is time to move beyond traditional approaches and engage citizens by repurposing sedentary behavior (SB)-enabling ubiquitous tools (eg, smartphones). OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of the Saskatchewan, let's move and map our activity (SMART) Study was to develop a mobile and citizen science methodological platform for active living surveillance, knowledge translation, and policy interventions...
March 27, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582095/physician-patient-communication-in-rheumatology-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Sofia Georgopoulou, Louise Prothero, David P D'Cruz
The nature of physician-patient interaction can have a significant impact on patient outcomes through information-sharing and disease-specific education that can enhance patients' active involvement in their care. The aim of this systematic review was to examine all the empirical evidence pertaining to aspects of physician-patient communication and its impact on patient outcomes. A systematic search of five electronic databases (MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Web of Science) was undertaken from earliest record to December 2016...
March 26, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570656/educating-the-future-of-science-and-medicine
#12
EDITORIAL
Mark A Brown
For the past two decades, veterinary educators have been at the forefront of innovations in educational practices related to science and medicine. Many of the resulting methods have been translated and implemented as best practices across the breadth of disciplines in higher education. However, past World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) global conferences have highlighted the necessity for improving global harmonization of veterinary medical education. This underscores a growing need for even broader dissemination of best practices and assessment programs related to educating our veterinary workforce...
March 23, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568646/risky-sexual-behaviour-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-and-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-aids-among-healthcare-workers
#13
Natasha Khamisa, Maboe Mokgobi
Background: South Africa is known to have one of the highest prevalence rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) globally, with one in seven healthcare workers being HIV-positive. An HIV-positive healthcare workforce is less equipped to respond to the increasing spread of the epidemic. Objectives: Assessment of the factors contributing to high HIV prevalence rates among healthcare workers is important in planning the development of human resources...
2018: Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566721/barriers-for-conducting-clinical-trials-in-developing-countries-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Chalachew Alemayehu, Geoffrey Mitchell, Jane Nikles
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials for identification of efficient and effective new diagnostic and treatment modalities are needed to address disproportionately high burden of communicable (e.g., HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria) and non-communicable diseases (e.g., diabetes) in developing countries. However, gross under-representation in global clinical trial platforms contributes to sustained health inequity in these countries. We reviewed the literature on barriers facing clinical researchers in developing countries for conducting clinical trials in their countries...
March 22, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553146/defining-success-in-open-science
#15
Sarah E Ali-Khan, Antoine Jean, Emily MacDonald, E Richard Gold
Mounting evidence indicates that worldwide, innovation systems are increasing unsustainable. Equally, concerns about inequities in the science and innovation process, and in access to its benefits, continue. Against a backdrop of growing health, economic and scientific challenges global stakeholders are urgently seeking to spur innovation and maximize the just distribution of benefits for all. Open Science collaboration (OS) - comprising a variety of approaches to increase open, public, and rapid mobilization of scientific knowledge - is seen to be one of the most promising ways forward...
2018: MNI open research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552552/organizational-readiness-tools-for-global-health-intervention-a-review
#16
James W Dearing
The ability of non-governmental organizations, government agencies, and corporations to deliver and support the availability and use of interventions for improved global public health depends on their readiness to do so. Yet readiness has proven to be a rather fluid concept in global public health, perhaps due to its multidimensional nature and because scholars and practitioners have applied the concept at different levels such as the individual, organization, and community. This review concerns 30 publically available tools created for the purpose of organizational readiness assessment in order to carry out global public health objectives...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550780/study-protocol-for-the-smart2d-adaptive-implementation-trial-a-cluster-randomised-trial-comparing-facility-only-care-with-integrated-facility-and-community-care-to-improve-type-2-diabetes-outcomes-in-uganda-south-africa-and-sweden
#17
David Guwatudde, Pilvikki Absetz, Peter Delobelle, Claes-Göran Östenson, Josefien Olmen Van, Helle Molsted Alvesson, Roy William Mayega, Elizabeth Ekirapa Kiracho, Juliet Kiguli, Carl Johan Sundberg, David Sanders, Göran Tomson, Thandi Puoane, Stefan Peterson, Meena Daivadanam
INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is increasingly contributing to the global burden of disease. Health systems in most parts of the world are struggling to diagnose and manage T2D, especially in low-income and middle-income countries, and among disadvantaged populations in high-income countries. The aim of this study is to determine the added benefit of community interventions onto health facility interventions, towards glycaemic control among persons with diabetes, and towards reduction in plasma glucose among persons with prediabetes...
March 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524056/prioritizing-a-one-health-approach-in-the-immediate-fight-against-antimicrobial-resistance
#18
V Ayano Ogawa, Cecilia M Shah, James M Hughes, Lonnie J King
Antimicrobial resistance is a major threat to global health security. While the global community has made recent advances to mitigate the threat of antimicrobial resistance, we continue to face challenges in creating solutions and concrete actions that will yield the greatest immediate impact. To examine the critical areas in human, animal and environmental health that contribute to the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance, the Forum on Microbial Threats of the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine hosted a public workshop on June 20-21, 2017 in Washington, DC...
March 9, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523563/what-integrated-care-means-from-an-older-person-s-perspective-a-scoping-review-protocol
#19
Manasi Murthy Mittinty, Amy Marshall, Gillian Harvey
INTRODUCTION: According to the 2013 WHO Global Forum on Innovation for Ageing Populations, disabilities and morbidities associated with ageing could be minimised by accessing preventive care. One way of improving the management of multimorbidity in the older population is through the provision of 'integrated care'. Although integrated care means different things to different people, it typically symbolises continuity in care, thus preventing older patients' from falling through gaps in the health care system...
March 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518766/why-food-system-transformation-is-essential-and-how-nutrition-scientists-can-contribute
#20
Anna Lartey, Janice Meerman, Ramani Wijesinha-Bettoni
BACKGROUND: The International Union of Nutritional Sciences held its 21st International Congress of Nutrition in October 2017 in Buenos Aires, Argentina under the theme - From Sciences to Nutrition Security. In addition to multiple sessions on food systems and their links to diet, nutrition and health, the Congress closing lecture focused on the need to transform food systems so as to increase their capacity to provide healthy diets, making a call for greater involvement of nutrition scientists...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
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