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Global health, implementation science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635987/integrative-review-of-facility-interventions-to-manage-compassion-fatigue-in-oncology-nurses
#1
Dorien Wentzel, Petra Brysiewicz
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Oncology nurses are regularly exposed to high-stress situations that may lead to compassion fatigue, and many institutions have implemented interventions to reduce burnout in nurses, but knowledge on the feasiblity, effectiveness, and nurses' experience of interventions is lacking.
. LITERATURE SEARCH: Electronic search of literature published from 1992-2015 was performed to evaluate in-facility interventions to manage compassion fatigue in oncology nurses...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619774/protocol-for-a-multicentre-multistage-prospective-study-in-china-using-system-based-approaches-for-consistent-improvement-in-surgical-safety
#2
Xiaochu Yu, Jingmei Jiang, Changwei Liu, Keng Shen, Zixing Wang, Wei Han, Xingrong Liu, Guole Lin, Ye Zhang, Ying Zhang, Yufen Ma, Haixin Bo, Yupei Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Surgical safety has emerged as a crucial global health issue in the past two decades. Although several safety-enhancing tools are available, the pace of large-scale improvement remains slow, especially in developing countries such as China. The present project (Modern Surgery and Anesthesia Safety Management System Construction and Promotion) aims to develop and validate system-based integrated approaches for reducing perioperative deaths and complications using a multicentre, multistage design...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608872/towards-an-agenda-for-implementation-science-in-global-health-there-is-nothing-more-practical-than-good-social-science-theories
#3
COMMENT
Sara Van Belle, Remco van de Pas, Bruno Marchal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606894/developing-a-curriculum-for-information-and-communications-technology-use-in-global-health-research-and-training-a-qualitative-study-among-chinese-health-sciences-graduate-students
#4
Zhenyu Ma, Li Yang, Lan Yang, Kaiyong Huang, Hongping Yu, Huimin He, Jiaji Wang, Le Cai, Jie Wang, Hua Fu, Lisa Quintiliani, Robert H Friedman, Jian Xiao, Abu S Abdullah
BACKGROUND: Rapid development of information and communications technology (ICT) during the last decade has transformed biomedical and population-based research and has become an essential part of many types of research and educational programs. However, access to these ICT resources and the capacity to use them in global health research are often lacking in low- and middle-income country (LMIC) institutions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess the practical issues (ie, perceptions and learning needs) of ICT use among health sciences graduate students at 6 major medical universities of southern China...
June 12, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588947/need-for-more-and-better-implementation-science-in-global-health
#5
EDITORIAL
Valéry Ridde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584180/engaging-research-with-policy-and-action-what-are-the-challenges-of-responding-to-zoonotic-disease-in-africa
#6
REVIEW
Kevin Louis Bardosh, Jake Cornwall Scoones, Delia Grace, Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, Kate E Jones, Katinka de Balogh, David Waltner-Toews, Bernard Bett, Susan C Welburn, Elizabeth Mumford, Vupenyu Dzingirai
Zoonotic diseases will maintain a high level of public policy attention in the coming decades. From the spectre of a global pandemic to anxieties over agricultural change, urbanization, social inequality and threats to natural ecosystems, effectively preparing and responding to endemic and emerging diseases will require technological, institutional and social innovation. Much current discussion emphasizes the need for a 'One Health' approach: bridging disciplines and sectors to tackle these complex dynamics...
July 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579453/building-dialogues-between-clinical-and-biomedical-research-through-cross-species-collaborations
#7
REVIEW
Hsiao-Tuan Chao, Lucy Liu, Hugo J Bellen
Today, biomedical science is equipped with an impressive array of technologies and genetic resources that bolster our basic understanding of fundamental biology and enhance the practice of modern medicine by providing clinicians with a diverse toolkit to diagnose, prognosticate, and treat a plethora of conditions. Many significant advances in our understanding of disease mechanisms and therapeutic interventions have arisen from fruitful dialogues between clinicians and biomedical research scientists. However, the increasingly specialized scientific and medical disciplines, globalization of science and technology, and complex datasets often hinder the development of effective interdisciplinary collaborations between clinical medicine and biomedical research...
June 1, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576567/developing-a-data-sharing-community-for-spinal-cord-injury-research
#8
REVIEW
Alison Callahan, Kim D Anderson, Michael S Beattie, John L Bixby, Adam R Ferguson, Karim Fouad, Lyn B Jakeman, Jessica L Nielson, Phillip G Popovich, Jan M Schwab, Vance P Lemmon
The rapid growth in data sharing presents new opportunities across the spectrum of biomedical research. Global efforts are underway to develop practical guidance for implementation of data sharing and open data resources. These include the recent recommendation of 'FAIR Data Principles', which assert that if data is to have broad scientific value, then digital representations of that data should be Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable (FAIR). The spinal cord injury (SCI) research field has a long history of collaborative initiatives that include sharing of preclinical research models and outcome measures...
May 30, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572733/the-jordan-food-and-drug-administration-comparison-of-its-registration-process-with-australia-canada-saudi-arabia-and-singapore
#9
Wesal Salem Al Haqaish, Hayel Obeidat, Prisha Patel, Stuart Walker
OBJECTIVE: This study outlines the current regulatory review process and good review practices (GRevPs) at the Jordan Food and Drug Administration (JFDA) and compares them with those of regulatory agencies in Australia, Canada, Saudi Arabia and Singapore to gauge how well the JFDA is performing. We identify opportunities for further development of the JFDA as a key global reference agency. METHODS: Personnel within the JFDA completed a questionnaire comprising four sections: organisation, key milestones, review timelines, and GRevPs...
2017: Pharmaceutical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572255/unmet-needs-in-clinical-research-in-breast-cancer-where-do-we-need-to-go
#10
EDITORIAL
Ann H Partridge, Lisa A Carey
This CCR Focus highlights areas in breast cancer research with the greatest potential for clinical and therapeutic application. The articles in this CCR Focus address the state of the science in a broad range of areas with a focus on "hot" although sometimes controversial topics, unanswered questions, and unmet need. From mutational signatures, the cancer genomic revolution, and new inroads in immunotherapy for breast cancer to unique concerns of vulnerable populations as well as national and global health disparities, these works represent much of the promise of breast cancer research as well as the challenges in the coming years...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558763/an-analysis-of-policy-success-and-failure-in-formal-evaluations-of-australia-s-national-mental-health-strategy-1992-2012
#11
Francesca C Grace, Carla S Meurk, Brian W Head, Wayne D Hall, Meredith G Harris, Harvey A Whiteford
BACKGROUND: Heightened fiscal constraints, increases in the chronic disease burden and in consumer expectations are among several factors contributing to the global interest in evidence-informed health policy. The present article builds on previous work that explored how the Australian Federal Government applied five instruments of policy, or policy levers, to implement a series of reforms under the Australian National Mental Health Strategy (NMHS). The present article draws on theoretical insights from political science to analyse the relative successes and failures of these levers, as portrayed in formal government evaluations of the NMHS...
May 30, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557748/the-next-7-great-achievements-in-pediatric-research
#12
Tina L Cheng, Clifford W Bogue, George J Dover
The "7 Great Achievements in Pediatric Research" campaign noted discoveries in the past 40 years that have improved child and adult health in the United States and around the globe. This article predicts the next 7 great pediatric research advancements, including new immunizations, cancer immunotherapy, genomic discoveries, identification of early antecedents of adult health, impact of specific social-environmental influences on biology and health, quality improvement science, and implementation and dissemination research to reduce global poverty...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501964/consensus-statement-supporting-safer-conception-and-pregnancy-for-men-and-women-living-with-and-affected-by-hiv
#13
Lynn T Matthews, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Ian Cooke, Natasha Davies, Renee Heffron, Angela Kaida, John Kinuthia, Okeoma Mmeje, Augusto E Semprini, Shannon Weber
Safer conception interventions reduce HIV incidence while supporting the reproductive goals of people living with or affected by HIV. We developed a consensus statement to address demand, summarize science, identify information gaps, outline research and policy priorities, and advocate for safer conception services. This statement emerged from a process incorporating consultation from meetings, literature, and key stakeholders. Three co-authors developed an outline which was discussed and modified with co-authors, working group members, and additional clinical, policy, and community experts in safer conception, HIV, and fertility...
May 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449598/using-grade-as-a-framework-to-guide-research-on-the-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-srhr-of-women-living-with-hiv-methodological-opportunities-and-challenges
#14
Nandi Siegfried, Manjulaa Narasimhan, Caitlin E Kennedy, Alice Welbourn, Anandi Yuvraj
In March 2016, WHO reviewed evidence to develop global recommendations on the sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of women living with HIV. Systematic reviews and a global survey of women living with HIV informed the guideline development decision-making process. New recommendations covered abortion, Caesarean section, safe disclosure, and empowerment and self-efficacy interventions. Identification of key research gaps is part of the WHO guidelines development process, but consistent methods to do so are lacking...
April 27, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443274/the-guatemala-penn-partners-an-innovative-inter-institutional-model-for-scientific-capacity-building-healthcare-education-and-public-health
#15
Maria Alejandra Paniagua-Avila, Elizabeth Messenger, Caroline A Nelson, Erwin Calgua, Frances K Barg, Kent W Bream, Charlene Compher, Anthony J Dean, Sergio Martinez-Siekavizza, Victor Puac-Polanco, Therese S Richmond, Rudolf R Roth, Charles C Branas
Population health outcomes are directly related to robust public health programs, access to basic health services, and a well-trained health-care workforce. Effective health services need to systematically identify solutions, scientifically test these solutions, and share generated knowledge. The World Health Organization (WHO)'s Global Healthcare Workforce Alliance states that the capacity to perform research is an essential factor for well-functioning public health systems. Low- and middle-income countries have greater health-care worker shortages and lower research capacity than higher-income countries...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419084/neonatal-resuscitation-in-global-health-settings-an-examination-of-the-past-to-prepare-for-the-future
#16
REVIEW
Beena D Kamath-Rayne, Sara K Berkelhamer, Ashish Kc, Hege L Ersdal, Susan Niermeyer
As rates of childhood mortality decline, neonatal deaths account for nearly half of under-5 deaths worldwide. Intrapartum-related events (birth asphyxia) contribute to approximately one-quarter of neonatal deaths, many of which can be prevented by simple resuscitation and newborn care interventions. This paper reviews various lines of research that have influenced the global neonatal resuscitation landscape. A brief situational analysis of asphyxia-related newborn mortality in low-resource settings is linked to renewed efforts to reduce neonatal mortality in the Every Newborn Action Plan...
May 24, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349715/a-review-of-existing-and-emerging-digital-technologies-to-combat-the-global-trade-in-fake-medicines
#17
REVIEW
Tim K Mackey, Gaurvika Nayyar
The globalization of the pharmaceutical supply chain has introduced new challenges, chief among them, fighting the international criminal trade in fake medicines. As the manufacture, supply, and distribution of drugs becomes more complex, so does the need for innovative technology-based solutions to protect patients globally. Areas covered: We conducted a multidisciplinary review of the science/health, information technology, computer science, and general academic literature with the aim of identifying cutting-edge existing and emerging 'digital' solutions to combat fake medicines...
May 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348189/global-systematic-review-of-indigenous-community-led-legal-interventions-to-control-alcohol
#18
Janani Muhunthan, Blake Angell, Maree L Hackett, Andrew Wilson, Jane Latimer, Anne-Marie Eades, Stephen Jan
OBJECTIVES: The national and subnational governments of most developed nations have adopted cost-effective regulatory and legislative controls over alcohol supply and consumption with great success. However, there has been a lack of scrutiny of the effectiveness and appropriateness of these laws in shaping the health-related behaviours of Indigenous communities, who disproportionately experience alcohol-related harm. Further, such controls imposed unilaterally without Indigenous consultation have often been discriminatory and harmful in practice...
March 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325237/global-health-in-radiation-oncology-the-emergence-of-a-new-career-pathway
#19
REVIEW
Danielle Rodin, Mei Ling Yap, Surbhi Grover, John M Longo, Onyinye Balogun, Sandra Turner, Jesper G Eriksen, C Norman Coleman, Meredith Giuliani
The massive global shortfall in radiotherapy equipment and human resources in developing countries is an enormous challenge for international efforts in cancer control. This lack of access to treatment has been long-standing, but there is now a growing consensus about the urgent need to prioritize solutions to this problem and that a global strategy is required for them to be successful. An essential element of making radiotherapy universally accessible is a coordinated approach to clinical training and practice...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298279/the-potential-impact-of-animal-science-research-on-global-maternal-and-child-nutrition-and-health-a-landscape-review
#20
REVIEW
Jack Odle, Sheila K Jacobi, R Dean Boyd, Dale E Bauman, Russell V Anthony, Fuller W Bazer, Adam L Lock, Andrew C Serazin
High among the challenges facing mankind as the world population rapidly expands toward 9 billion people by 2050 is the technological development and implementation of sustainable agriculture and food systems to supply abundant and wholesome nutrition. In many low-income societies, women and children are the most vulnerable to food insecurity, and it is unequivocal that quality nutrition during the first 1000 d of life postconception can be transformative in establishing a robust, lifelong developmental trajectory...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
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