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Perioperative guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219595/comparison-of-post-liver-transplantation-outcomes-in-portopulmonary-hypertension-and-pulmonary-venous-hypertension-a-single-center-experience
#1
P Rajaram, A Parekh, M Fisher, J Kempker, R Subramanian
BACKGROUND: In potential liver transplant candidates, pulmonary vascular diseases, including portopulmonary hypertension (PoPH) and pulmonary venous hypertension (PVH), can be associated with high morbidity and mortality. Although there are clear guidelines regarding management and transplant listing criteria for patients with PoPH, the listing criteria for PVH are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe and compare the perioperative and postoperative morbidity and mortality associated with PoPH and PVH in patients undergoing liver transplantation...
March 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216698/clinical-application-of-point-of-care-transthoracic-echocardiography-in-perioperative-period
#2
REVIEW
Swaroop Margale, Kurichi Marudhachalam, Sarvesh Natani
Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) has established its role for diagnosis and management in cardiology and is used by various other specialities in medicine, but it is not routinely practised by anaesthesiologists in the perioperative period including the pre-admission clinic/outpatient clinic. The last decade has seen the emerging role of anaesthesiologist as a 'Perioperative physician'. This review article highlights the potential role and clinical utility, education, teaching and limitations of point of care (POC) TTE modality in perioperative care...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216362/endovascular-aneurysm-repair-patients-who-are-lost-to-follow-up-have-worse-outcomes
#3
Caitlin W Hicks, Devin S Zarkowsky, Ian C Bostock, David H Stone, James H Black, Jens Eldrup-Jorgensen, Philip P Goodney, Mahmoud B Malas
BACKGROUND: Society for Vascular Surgery practice guidelines recommend 1- and 12-month follow-up with computed tomography imaging for the year after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). We describe the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of EVAR patients who are lost to follow-up (LTF). METHODS: All patients undergoing elective EVAR in the Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) data set (January 2003-December 2015) were stratified according to long-term follow-up method (in-person vs phone call vs LTF)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215903/minimally-invasive-distal-pancreatectomy
#4
REVIEW
Bård I Røsok, Thijs de Rooij, Jony van Hilst, Markus K Diener, Peter J Allen, Charles M Vollmer, David A Kooby, Shailesh V Shrikhande
BACKGROUND: The first International conference on Minimally Invasive Pancreas Resection was arranged in conjunction with the annual meeting of the International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association (IHPBA), in Sao Paulo, Brazil on April 19th 2016. The presented evidence and outcomes resulting from the session for minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP) is summarized and addressed perioperative outcome, the outcome for cancer and patient selection for the procedure. METHODS: A literature search was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines to compare MIDP and open distal pancreatectomy...
February 16, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214316/pre-and-perioperative-aspects-of-dermatosurgery
#5
Cornelia S L Müller, Wakiko Hubner, Sigrid Thieme-Ruffing, Claudia Pföhler, Thomas Vogt, Thomas Volk, Barbara C Gärtner, Patric Bialas
Dermatosurgery occupies an exceptional position among all surgical disciplines. Above all, this includes the fact that, with very few exceptions, the vast majority of surgical interventions can be performed under local or regional anesthesia, usually in smaller procedure rooms that are spatially separated from larger operating suites. Thus, peri- and postinterventional patient monitoring is the responsibility of the dermatosurgeon and his team. Though inherently smaller, this team still has to observe numerous perioperative requirements that - in larger surgical specialties - would be attended to by a host of various specialists working in concert...
February 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213669/aspirin-use-prior-to-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Ayman Elbadawi, Marwan Saad, Ramez Nairooz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Aspirin use before coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery has been a puzzling question for years. Controversy existed regarding the overall benefits vs. risk of pre-operative aspirin use and was translated to conflicting guidelines from major societies. RECENT FINDINGS: Observational studies have suggested a reduced mortality with pre-operative aspirin use. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials showed increased risk of post-operative bleeding with aspirin, with no associated increased mortality risk...
February 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211002/factors-that-influence-effective-perioperative-temperature-management-by-anesthesiologists-a-qualitative-study-using-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#7
Sylvain Boet, Andrea M Patey, Justine S Baron, Karim Mohamed, Ashlee-Ann E Pigford, Gregory L Bryson, Jamie C Brehaut, Jeremy M Grimshaw
PURPOSE: Inadvertent perioperative hypothermia (IPH) is associated with a range of adverse outcomes. Safe and effective warming techniques exist to prevent IPH; however, IPH remains common. This study aimed to identify factors that anesthesiologists perceive may influence temperature management during the perioperative period. METHODS: After Research Ethics Board approval, semi-structured interviews were conducted with staff anesthesiologists at a Canadian academic hospital...
February 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210451/dental-management-of-patients-taking-novel-oral-anticoagulants-noas-dabigatran
#8
REVIEW
Adrian Curto, Alberto Albaladejo, Alfonso Alvarado
BACKGROUND: A new group of oral anticoagulants (dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban and edoxaban) with clear advantages over classic dicoumarin oral anticoagulants (warfarin and acenocoumarol) has been developed in recent years. Patients being treated with oral anticoagulants are at higher risk for bleeding when undergoing dental treatments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted through April 2016 for publications in the ISI Web of Knowledge, PubMed and Cochrane Library using the keywords "dabigatran", "rivaroxaban", "apixaban", "edoxaban", "new oral anticoagulants", "novel oral anticoagulants", "bleeding" and "dental treatment"...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203409/practice-patterns-in-venous-thromboembolism-vte-prophylaxis-in-thoracic-surgery-a-comprehensive-canadian-delphi-survey
#9
John Agzarian, Lori-Ann Linkins, Laura Schneider, Waël C Hanna, Christian J Finley, Colin Schieman, Marc De Perrot, Mark Crowther, James Douketis, Yaron Shargall
BACKGROUND: The incidence of venous thromboembolic events (VTE) after resection of thoracic malignancies can reach 15%, but prophylaxis guidelines are yet to be established. We aimed to survey Canadian practitioners regarding perioperative risk factors for VTE, impact of those factors on extended prophylaxis selection, type of preferred prophylaxis, and timing of initiation and duration of thromboprophylaxis. METHODS: A modified Delphi survey was undertaken over three rounds with thoracic surgeons, thoracic anesthesiologists and thrombosis experts across Canada...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185641/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-in-gastric-resections
#10
Marcos Bruna Esteban, Peter Vorwald, Sonia Ortega Lucea, Jose Manuel Ramírez Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION: Enhanced recovery after surgery is a modality of perioperative management with the purpose of improving results and providing a faster recovery of patients. This kind of protocol has been applied frequently in colorectal surgery, presenting less available experience and evidence in gastric surgery. METHODS: According to the RICA guidelines published in 2015, a review of the bibliography and the consensus established in a multidisciplinary meeting in Zaragoza on the 9th of October 2015, we present a protocol that contains the basic procedures of fast-track for resective gastric surgery...
February 6, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183146/prenatal-and-postnatal-management-of-gastroschisis-in-german-speaking-countries-is-there-a-standardized-management
#11
Katharina Schib, Marc Schumacher, Martin Meuli, Sasha Tharakan, Ulrike Subotic
Introduction Evidence-based guidelines or protocols regarding the perinatal management of babies born with gastroschisis are lacking. The aim of this work is to evaluate the different current treatment modalities for newborns with gastroschisis during the perinatal period in the German-speaking countries Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. These data could serve as a starting point for the development of a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Materials and Methods A questionnaire was developed with 30 questions divided into five sections: (1) prenatal diagnosis, (2) fetal therapy, (3) mode and timing of delivery, (4) operative management, and (5) postoperative management...
February 9, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176903/analysis-of-perioperative-pain-management-in-vascular-surgery-indicates-that-practice-does-not-adhere-with-guidelines-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#12
Krste Boric, Matija Boric, Teo Boric, Livia Puljak
BACKGROUND: Inadequate treatment of pain related to surgery may be associated with complications and prolonged recovery time and increased morbidity and mortality rates. We investigated perioperative pain management in vascular surgery and compared it with the relevant guidelines for the treatment of perioperative pain. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study on 501 patients who underwent vascular surgery at the University Hospital Split, Croatia. We collected the following data from patients' charts: age, gender, premedication, preoperative patient's physical status, type of surgery, duration of surgery and anesthesia, type of anesthesia, postoperative analgesia, and need for intensive care...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176303/association-between-age-and-access-to-immediate-breast-reconstruction-in-women-undergoing-mastectomy-for-breast-cancer
#13
R Jeevan, J P Browne, C Gulliver-Clarke, J Pereira, C M Caddy, J H P van der Meulen, D A Cromwell
BACKGROUND: National guidelines state that patients with breast cancer undergoing mastectomy in England should be offered immediate breast reconstruction (IR), unless precluded by their fitness for surgery or the need for adjuvant therapies. METHODS: A national study investigated factors that influenced clinicians' decision to offer IR, and collected data on case mix, operative procedures and reconstructive decision-making among women with breast cancer having a mastectomy with or without IR in the English National Health Service between 1 January 2008 and 31 March 2009...
February 8, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169966/perioperative-management-of-adult-patients-with-external-ventricular-and-lumbar-drains-guidelines-from-the-society-for-neuroscience-in-anesthesiology-and-critical-care
#14
Abhijit V Lele, Amie L Hoefnagel, Nina Schloemerkemper, David A Wyler, Nophanan Chaikittisilpa, Monica S Vavilala, Bhiken I Naik, James H Williams, Lakshmikumar Venkat Raghavan, Ines P Koerner
External ventricular drains and lumbar drains are commonly used to divert cerebrospinal fluid and to measure cerebrospinal fluid pressure. Although commonly encountered in the perioperative setting and critical for the care of neurosurgical patients, there are no guidelines regarding their management in the perioperative period. To address this gap in the literature, The Society for Neuroscience in Anesthesiology & Critical Care tasked an expert group to generate evidence-based guidelines. The document generated targets clinicians involved in perioperative care of patients with indwelling external ventricular and lumbar drains...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164837/perioperative-fluid-therapy
#15
REVIEW
Denise Fantoni, Andre C Shih
Anesthesia can lead to pathophysiologic changes that dramatically alter the fluid balance of the body compartments and the intravascular space. Fluid administration can be monitored and evaluated using static and dynamic indexes. Guidelines for fluid rates during anesthesia begin with 3 mL/kg/h in cats and 5 mL/kg/h in dogs. If at all possible, patients should be stabilized and electrolyte disturbances should be corrected before general anesthesia.
March 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162922/efficacy-and-safety-of-pharmacological-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-following-liver-resection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Minas Baltatzis, Ryan Low, Panagiotis Stathakis, Aali J Sheen, Ajith K Siriwardena, Saurabh Jamdar
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend pharmacological prophylaxis for patients undergoing abdominal surgery for malignancy. Liver resection exposes patients to risk factors for venous thromboembolism, but there is a risk of bleeding. The aim of this study is to evaluate the evidence base supporting the use of pharmacological thromboprophylaxis in liver surgery. METHODS: An electronic search was carried out for studies reporting the incidence of VTE following liver resection comparing patients receiving pharmacological prophylaxis with those who did not...
February 2, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160088/antibiotic-use-and-the-prevention-and-management-of-infectious-complications-in-stone-disease
#17
Daniel A Wollin, Adrian D Joyce, Mantu Gupta, Michael Y C Wong, Pilar Laguna, Stavros Gravas, Jorge Gutierrez, Luigi Cormio, Kunjie Wang, Glenn M Preminger
The importance of assessing perioperative urine/stone cultures and providing appropriate antibiotic prophylaxis prior to shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) or endoscopic intervention cannot be minimized. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common complication relating to stone intervention. Adequate assessment of culture data and adherence to appropriate guidelines may prevent the development of UTI and the potential for post-intervention urosepsis. This review outlines the current evidence for prophylaxis in the prevention of UTI and urosepsis, as well as the interpretation of stone culture data to provide an evidence-based approach for the judicious use of antibiotics in urologic stone practice...
February 3, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159079/guideline-implementation-hand-hygiene
#18
Judith L Goldberg
Performing proper hand hygiene and surgical hand antisepsis is essential to reducing the rates of health care-associated infections, including surgical site infections. The updated AORN "Guideline for hand hygiene" provides guidance on hand hygiene and surgical hand antisepsis, the wearing of fingernail polish and artificial nails, proper skin care to prevent dermatitis, the wearing of jewelry, hand hygiene product selection, and quality assurance and performance improvement considerations. This article focuses on key points of the guideline to help perioperative personnel make informed decisions about hand hygiene and surgical hand antisepsis...
February 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159076/preventing-unplanned-perioperative-hypothermia-in-children
#19
Susan E Beedle, Amy Phillips, Shirley Wiggins, Leeza Struwe
Unplanned perioperative hypothermia is a common surgical risk. Unplanned hypothermia is defined as a body temperature below 36° C (96.8° F) during any phase of the perioperative period. Perioperative nurses at a Midwestern tertiary pediatric hospital developed an evidence-based clinical practice guideline (CPG) designed to maintain normothermia for the pediatric surgical population. This CPG outlined standard thermoregulation nursing interventions and required the consistent use of a temporal artery thermometer...
February 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156215/does-higher-screw-density-improve-radiographic-and-clinical-outcomes-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-systematic-review-and-pooled-analysis
#20
Ming Luo, Wengang Wang, Mingkui Shen, Xin Luo, Lei Xia
OBJECTIVE The radiographic and clinical outcomes of low-density (LD) versus high-density (HD) screw constructs in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) treated with all-pedicle screw constructs are still controversial. A systematic review and pooled analysis were performed to compare radiographic, perioperative, and quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes and complications in patients with moderate AIS treated with LD or HD screw constructs. METHODS The MEDLINE, Embase, and Web of Science databases were searched for English-language articles addressing LD versus HD screw constructs in AIS patients treated with all-pedicle screw constructs...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
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