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Perioperative guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351789/prevention-of-severe-infectious-complications-after-colorectal-surgery-using-preoperative-orally-administered-antibiotic-prophylaxis-precaution-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Tessa Mulder, Marjolein F Q Kluytmans-van den Bergh, Anne Marie G A de Smet, Nils E van 't Veer, Daphne Roos, Stavros Nikolakopoulos, Marc J M Bonten, Jan A J W Kluytmans
BACKGROUND: Colorectal surgery is frequently complicated by surgical site infections (SSIs). The most important consequences of SSIs are prolonged hospitalization, an increased risk of surgical reintervention and an increase in mortality. Perioperative intravenously administered antibiotic prophylaxis is the standard of care to reduce the risk of SSIs. In the last few decades, preoperative orally administered antibiotics have been suggested as additional prophylaxis to further reduce the risk of infection, but are currently not part of routine practice in most hospitals...
January 19, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348709/perioperative-medicine-a-burgeoning-field-with-profound-importance-to-a-modern-clinician
#2
EDITORIAL
Vinaya Gaduputi, Sridhar Chilimuri, Kinesh Changela
AIMS AND SCOPE This article serves in introducing the readers to the developing field of perioperative medicine. We have made an effort to come up with the latest management guidelines covering multiple subspecialties in form of a special supplement. This compendium in perioperative medicine serves as a comprehensive guide to a practicing clinician, in managing patients with various medical comorbidities undergoing surgical procedures and avoiding common pitfalls.
2018: Health Services Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334432/antibiotic-use-patterns-in-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-a-survey-of-the-american-rhinologic-society-membership
#3
Christina H Fang, Judd H Fastenberg, Marvin P Fried, Elina Jerschow, Nadeem A Akbar, Waleed M Abuzeid
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data supporting antibiotic use in endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). The objective of this study is to determine perioperative antibiotic use patterns and factors which influence use in ESS. METHODS: An online-based survey was distributed to members of the American Rhinologic Society (ARS). Outcomes included timing of perioperative antibiotic use, practice environment, years of experience, and patient factors that influenced antibiotic use...
January 15, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332544/the-possible-use-of-preoperative-natriuretic-peptides-for-discriminating-low-versus-moderate-high-surgical-risk-patient
#4
Luigi Vetrugno, Daniele Orso, Carola Matellon, Marilù Giaccalone, Tiziana Bove, Elena Bignami
Perioperative risk scores for patients undergoing noncardiac surgery are generally considered inaccurate, poor, or, at best, modest. We propose estimating a patient's pretest and posttest probability of cardiac morbidity and death using the preoperative scoring system plus the negative likelihood ratio from brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) or N-terminal proB-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) plasma levels. Our clinical challenge scenario showed a pretest probability of postoperative major cardiac complications with the patient risk factor as 6...
January 1, 2018: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#5
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328888/posterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-transtibial-or-tibial-inlay-techniques-a-meta-analysis-of-biomechanical-and-clinical-outcomes
#6
Dong-Yeong Lee, Dong-Hee Kim, Hyun-Jung Kim, Hyeong-Sik Ahn, Tae-Ho Lee, Sun-Chul Hwang
BACKGROUND: Transtibial (TT) or tibial inlay (TI) techniques are commonly used for posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (PCLR). However, the optimum method for PCLR after PCL injury remains debatable. Hypothesis/Purpose: The hypothesis was that TT and TI techniques would not show significant differences for all outcome measures. The purpose was to determine the biomechanical and clinical outcomes of TT and TI surgical techniques for PCLR. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis; Level of evidence, 3...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327644/evaluation-of-supervised-multimodal-prehabilitation-programme-in-cancer-patients-undergoing-colorectal-resection-a-randomized-control-trial
#7
Guillaume Bousquet-Dion, Rashami Awasthi, Sarah-Ève Loiselle, Enrico M Minnella, Ramanakumar V Agnihotram, Andreas Bergdahl, Francesco Carli, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl
BACKGROUND: Prehabilitation has been previously shown to be more effective in enhancing postoperative functional capacity than rehabilitation alone. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a weekly supervised exercise session could provide further benefit to our current prehabilition program, when comparing to standard post-surgical rehabilitation. METHODS: A parallel-arm single-blind randomized control trial was conducted in patients scheduled for non-metastatic colorectal cancer resection...
January 12, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325349/-introduction-and-interpretation-of-guidelines-on-thromboprophylaxis-in-the-perioperative-period-of-urological-surgery
#8
X Wang, Z Y Liu
Venous thromboembolism had drawn great attention of global experts, as it is the third leading cause of cardiovascular-associated death, ranking after coronary heart disease and stroke. Numerous health care organizations had introduced guidelines for thromboprophylaxis during the perioperative period in their own fields. The paper reviewed the available guidelines pertaining to urological surgery from America Urological Association, American College of Chest Physicians and European Association of Urology. Compared with the first two guidelines, the European Association of Urology guideline is a milestone which recommended the most detailed prophylactic measures for the procedure-specific and patient-specific according to the evidence-based medicine...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321066/perioperative-management-of-antiplatelet-therapy-in-patients-undergoing-non-cardiac-surgery-following-coronary-stent-placement-a-systematic-review
#9
Christopher P Childers, Melinda Maggard-Gibbons, Jesus G Ulloa, Ian T MacQueen, Isomi M Miake-Lye, Roberta Shanman, Selene Mak, Jessica M Beroes, Paul G Shekelle
BACKGROUND: The correct perioperative management of antiplatelet therapy (APT) in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery (NCS) is often debated by clinicians. American College of Cardiology (ACC) and American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines recommend postponing elective NCS at least 3 months after stent implantation. Regardless of the timing of surgery, ACC/AHA guidelines recommend continuing at least ASA throughout the perioperative period and ideally continuing dual APT (DAPT) therapy "unless surgery demands discontinuation...
January 10, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317977/stemi-due-to-big-ostial-left-main-thrombus-extending-into-aorta-challenging-situation-with-no-clear-guidelines
#10
Mohammady Shahin, Oliver Gaemperli, Patrick Siegrist, Jasmina Alibegovic
Extensive left main (LM) coronary artery thrombus is a rare and life-threatening angiographic finding with usual dramatic clinical presentation including hemodynamic instability and sudden cardiac death. The proper management of a big LM thrombus extending into aorta remains a challenging issue with no clear guidelines. In the following case report we present a 45-year-old patient with no apparent risk factors for coronary artery disease who presented with acute infero-lateral ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)...
December 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312761/chinese-consensus-statement-on-standard-procedure-and-perioperative-management-of-bronchial-thermoplasty
#11
REVIEW
Jiangtao Lin, Ying Nong, Dong Yang, Shiyue Li, Guangfa Wang, Nan Su, Nanshan Zhong
Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a non-pharmacologic therapy for severe asthma. The proper procedure and perioperative management are very important for the effectiveness and safety of BT. China Asthma Alliance assembled a group of experts in asthma and BT to review the literature, drew on their own experiences, discussed, and then finalized by consensus to establish this standard practice guideline. This practice guideline is designed to guide clinicians as to proper patients' selection, preoperative assessment, postoperative management and follow-up...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305202/reducing-overutilization-of-preoperative-medical-referrals-among-patients-undergoing-radical-cystectomy-using-an-evidence-based-algorithm
#12
Nima Almassi, Michelle Ponziano, Howard B Goldman, Eric A Klein, Andrew J Stephenson, Venkatesh Krishnamurthi
OBJECTIVE: - To evaluate the frequency with which preoperative medical evaluations lead to changes in perioperative management of patients undergoing radical cystectomy and to examine the impact of an evidence-based algorithm on referral utilization. METHODS: - A retrospective review of 176 patients undergoing radical cystectomy in 2013-2014 was conducted. Patients referred for additional preoperative medical or cardiology evaluation were identified and the incidence of diagnostic testing or management changes resulting from such evaluations determined...
January 2, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299648/has-shouldice-repair-in-a-selected-group-of-patients-with-inguinal-hernia-comparable-results-to-lichtenstein-tep-and-tapp-techniques
#13
F Köckerling, A Koch, D Adolf, T Keller, R Lorenz, R H Fortelny, C Schug-Pass
BACKGROUND: In the new international guidelines only the mesh-based Lichtenstein, TEP and TAPP techniques are recommended. This present analysis of data from the Herniamed Registry compares the outcome for Shouldice versus Lichtenstein, TEP and TAPP. METHODS: Propensity score matching analyses were performed to obtain homogeneous comparison groups for Shouldice versus Lichtenstein (n = 2115/2608; 81.1%), Shouldice versus TEP (n = 2225/2608; 85.3%) and Shouldice versus TAPP (2400/2608; 92...
January 3, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290235/surgical-and-medical-antibiotic-prophylaxis
#14
H Haas, E Launay, P Minodier, R Cohen, C Gras-Le Guen
Surgical site infections are the leading cause of perioperative morbidity and mortality as well as increased costs following surgery. Among preventive measures, antibiotic prophylaxis, when indicated, significantly decreases these risks. Adult and pediatric guidelines have recently been published (1,2). Specific pediatric data are scarce, but adult recommendations can be used by extrapolation except for neonates. For procedures that may warrant antimicrobial prophylaxis, agents of choice are frequently first-generation cephalosporins such as cefazolin, that are not currently used in curative treatment, with an appropriate dosage...
December 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289419/early-surgical-decompression-within-8-hours-for-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-is-it-beneficial-a-meta-analysis
#15
Dong-Yeong Lee, Young-Jin Park, Hyun-Jung Kim, Hyeong-Sik Ahn, Sun-Chul Hwang, Dong-Hee Kim
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate whether early (<8 h) surgical decompression is better in improving neurologic outcomes than late (≥8 h) surgical decompression for traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI). METHODS: The various electronic databases were used to detect relevant articles published up until May 2016 that compared the outcomes of early versus late surgery for tSCI. Data searching, extraction, analysis, and quality assessment were performed according to Cochrane Collaboration guidelines...
December 27, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288246/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-as-an-auditing-framework-for-identifying-improvements-to-perioperative-nutrition-care-of-older-surgical-patients
#16
Angela Byrnes, Merrilyn Banks, Alison Mudge, Adrienne Young, Judy Bauer
Older patients are at increased risk of malnutrition and reduced physical function. Using Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) guidelines as an auditing framework, this study aimed to determine adherence of nutrition care to perioperative best practice in older patients. A single researcher retrieved data via chart review. Seventy-five consenting patients ≥65 years (median 72 (range 65-95) years, 61% male) admitted postoperatively to general surgical wards were recruited. Sixty per cent had a primary diagnosis of cancer and 51% underwent colorectal resection...
December 29, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284892/resuscitation-of-a-newborn-with-right-hypoplastic-heart-syndrome-a-rare-confrontation-for-an-anesthesiologist
#17
Prachi Gaurang Kadam, Veena R Shah, Kishori Saikia, Rujal R Patel
According to newborn resuscitation guidelines, all referrals for neonates with suspected or confirmed duct-dependent congenital heart disease are to be discussed with pediatric cardiologist beforehand and are to be transferred immediately under their care for optimal management. However, in case of emergency, when there is not adequate time for preoperative consultations or a multidisciplinary approach, we should be able to manage these patients in the immediate perioperative period to decrease the likelihood of adverse outcome...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283684/an-overview-of-surgical-treatment-modalities-and-emerging-transcatheter-interventions-in-the-management-of-tricuspid-valve-regurgitation
#18
Karel M Van Praet, Christof Stamm, Christoph T Starck, Simon Sündermann, Alexander Meyer, Matteo Montagner, Timo Z Nazari Shafti, Axel Unbehaun, Stephan Jacobs, Volkmar Falk, Jörg Kempfert
Tricuspid valve regurgitation (TR) is frequently encountered and is most often functional (FTR) in nature. Surgical tricuspid valve (TV) treatment is well established in specialized centers. While transcatheter therapy for other valve disease is well established, interventional treatment of TV disease is still in its early stages. With the increasing adoption of catheter-based treatments, there is a growing interest in and need for interventional treatments for TR. An extensive literature search was methodologically performed aiming for an integrative review paper...
December 28, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283294/evaluating-the-role-of-clinical-pharmacists-in-pre-procedural-anticoagulation-management
#19
Akash Kataruka, Elizabeth Renner, Geoffrey D Barnes
OBJECTIVES: While physicians are typically responsible for managing perioperative warfarin, clinic pharmacists may improve pre-procedural decision-making. We assessed the impact of pharmacist-driven care for chronic warfarin-treated patients undergoing outpatient right heart catheterization (RHC). METHODS: 200 warfarin patients who underwent RHC between January 2012 and September 2015 were analyzed. Pharmacist-care (n = 79) was compared to the usual care model (n = 121)...
December 28, 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282629/inflammatory-bowel-disease-is-not-a-contraindication-for-bariatric-surgery
#20
Stephanie Aelfers, Ignace M C Janssen, Edo O Aarts, Carolijn Smids, Marcel J Groenen, Frits J Berends
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are listed as a contraindication for bariatric surgery in various guidelines due to a theoretical higher complication risk. Therefore, little is known about safety and efficacy of bariatric surgery in IBD patients. AIM: We assessed the safety and efficacy of bariatric surgery and postoperative quality of life (QoL) in IBD patients. SETTING: The study was conducted in a large peripheral hospital in the Netherlands...
December 27, 2017: Obesity Surgery
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