keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

atracurium

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619783/estimation-of-the-effect-site-equilibration-rate-constant-using-the-time-to-peak-effect-of-muscle-relaxants-measured-by-train-of-four-stimulation-during-general-anesthesia-induction
#1
Se Yeon Park, Hyun Jung Kim, Yun Suk Choi, So-Hui Yun, Jong Cook Park
BACKGROUND: The concept of the effect-site concentration of anesthetic agents is important. The effect compartment model can be explained using the concepts of effect-site concentration and effect-site equilibration rate constant ( k e0 ). This study confirms that the time-to-peak effect ( tpe ) can be measured easily in clinical practice by applying a priming dose and train-of-four (TOF) during general anesthesia induction, and k e0 can be calculated from the tpe of the four muscle relaxants that are commonly used in general anesthesia...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559182/-livedo-reticularis-by-hypothermia-during-anesthesia-for-dental-treatment-in-down-s-syndrome-patient
#2
Heber de Moraes Penna, Norma Sueli Pinheiro Modolo, Dário Humberto de Paiva
BACKGROUND: Livedo reticularis (LR) is a benign dermatological condition characterized by ischemic areas permeated by erythematous-cyanotic areas in a lacy pattern, and may be transient or permanent and is frequently associated with body exposure to cold. Cutaneous arterial vasospasm promotes ischemia, and venous dilation of the congested areas occurs by tissue hypoxia or autonomic dysfunction. Patients with Down's syndrome (DS), due to their physiological peculiarities, constitute a representative part of those who require dental care under general anesthesia, and LR has a reported incidence of 8% to 12% in DS patients...
March 17, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553432/general-versus-spinal-anaesthesia-for-caesarean-section-a-quasi-controlled-trial
#3
Raed Tafish, Khaled I Abu El Aish, Walid Madi
BACKGROUND: General anaesthesia and spinal anaesthesia are commonly used for caesarean sections. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes from caesarean sections with these two types of anaesthesia. METHODS: In this quasi-controlled trial, we enrolled women undergoing caesarean sections at Al-Helal Al-Emirati Hospital, Rafah, Gaza Strip. Women were assigned either to general anaesthesia (20% intravenous propofol for anaesthesia induction followed by atracurium for muscle relaxation, and nitrous oxide and oxygen for anaesthesia maintenance) or to spinal anaesthesia (0·5% hyperbaric solution bupivacaine with 20 μg fentanyl intrathecally)...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498972/comparing-the-efficacy-of-peritonsillar-injection-of-tramadol-with-honey-in-controlling-post-tonsillectomy-pain-in-adults
#4
Maryam Hatami, Mahdieh Mirjalili, Vida Ayatollahi, Sedighe Vaziribozorg, Vahid Zand
INTRODUCTION: The authors investigated the effect of honey on post-tonsillectomy pain and compare its efficacy with tramadol. METHODS: This clinical trial was performed on 60 patients with American Society of Anesthesia I and II aged between 18 and 55 years and underwent tonsillectomy. Induction of anesthesia was carried out using 2 mg/kg propofol and 0.5 atracurium following 1.5 μg/kg fentanyl administration. Group B was given tramadol at dose of 2 mg/kg and with volume of 4 mL and Group A was given normal saline with the same volume 2 mL of medications were injected using needle (25) into tonsil bed and anterior old of each tonsil by an anesthesiologist...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472422/prolonged-paralysis-with-atracurium-use-in-a-patient-with-rubinstein-taybi-syndrome
#5
T Kumaravadivel Dharmalingam, Constance Liew Sat Lin, Rajesh Kumar Muniandy
Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder that occurs due to a microdeletion of chromosome 16p13. The craniofacial abnormalities in these patients may pose a challenge for anaesthetist performing tracheal intubation. However, there are no known reported cases of drug interaction with non-depolarising muscle relaxant in patients with RTS. This young patient with RTS presented with an unexpected prolonged atracurium effect during the course of anaesthesia. After ruling out other possible causes, we have come to a conclusion that RTS itself could have played a role in the prolonged effect of atracurium...
February 22, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413552/the-effects-of-atracurium-induced-partial-neuromuscular-block-on-ventilation-at-rest-and-during-a-hypercapnic-challenge-in-anesthetized-dogs
#6
D Sakai, M Martin-Flores
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413538/the-effect-of-systemic-atracurium-on-pupillary-area-in-chickens
#7
P Pascoe, M Hawkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411487/technique-postoperative-complications-and-visual-outcomes-of-phacoemulsification-cataract-surgery-in-21-penguins-27-eyes-2011-2015
#8
Melanie L Church, Daniel R Priehs, Heidi Denis, Lara Croft, Stacy DiRocco, Michelle Davis
OBJECTIVE: To describe surgical technique, postoperative complications, and visual outcome in penguins after phacoemulsification lens extraction surgery. ANIMALS STUDIED: Twenty-one penguins (27 eyes) that had phacoemulsification from 2011 to 2015 at Animal Eye Associates. Species included are as follows: 14 southern Rockhopper (18 eyes, 66.6%), 4 Gentoo (4 eyes, 19%), 2 King (3 eyes, 9.5%), and 1 Chinstrap penguin (2 eyes, 4.8%). Eleven of the penguins were females, and 10 were males with average age at the time of surgery being 27...
February 6, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316004/comparison-of-intubation-conditions-with-cmac-miller-videolaryngoscope-and-conventional-miller-laryngoscope-in-lateral-position-in-infants-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#9
Divya Jain, Swati Mehta, Komal Gandhi, Suman Arora, Badal Parikh, Muneer Abas
BACKGROUND: Endotracheal intubation in lateral position in infants is a challenge. This difficulty may be surmounted to some extent by using videolaryngoscopes but the routine use of these devices as a tool to secure the airway in lateral position remains unevaluated. Therefore, we conducted a prospective, randomized controlled trial to compare the intubation conditions achieved with the CMAC videolaryngoscope and the Miller Laryngoscope in lateral position in infants. We hypothesized that CMAC videolaryngoscope would provide a better laryngoscopic view and reduce the time to intubation compared to the Miller blade...
March 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284864/effect-of-intravenous-magnesium-sulfate-on-the-minimum-alveolar-concentrations-of-desflurane-using-bispectral-index-monitoring-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-controlled-study
#10
Mohd Rameez Riaz, Vikram Mahajan, Sadaf Syed, Riyaz Ahmad
Background: Magnesium sulfate has been implicated to influence the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of various volatile anesthetics, but its effect on desflurane remains unanswered so far. Aim: To study the effect of perioperative intravenous magnesium sulfate on MAC of desflurane using bispectral index (BIS) monitoring. Settings: Operating room of a tertiary care hospital. Design: A prospective, randomized, controlled, double-blind clinical trial...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226114/comparison-the-effects-of-intraoperative-labetalol-and-lidocaine-on-postoperative-blood-pressure-and-heart-rate-in-brain-surgeries
#11
Mohammadali Attari, Behrooz Ziai, Ahmad Raeisi
Background: Long-term anesthesia applied in some operations, especially in neurosurgical operations leads to unwanted complications. This study aimed to compare the effect of intraoperative labetalol and lidocaine injection on the rate of changes in postoperative blood pressure and heart beat in patients undergoing brain operation. Materials and Methods: This is a simple double-blind randomized clinical trial study conducted in Al-Zahra and Kashani Hospitals on 90 patients' candidate for craniotomy operation with the age range of 18-65 years, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) ≥13 before anesthesia, physical class of American Society of Anesthesiologists I, II, insensitivity to labetalol who were divided into two groups of 45 individuals in the random allocation method...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101713/muscle-relaxants-as-a-risk-factor-for-vis-%C3%A3-tergo-during-penetrating-keratoplasty-a-prospective-interventional-study
#12
Miltiadis Fiorentzis, Emanuela Morinello, Anja Viestenz, Hanna Zuche, Berthold Seitz, Arne Viestenz
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate the influence of three muscle relaxants on intraocular pressure (IOP), ocular pulse amplitude (OPA), and vis-à-tergo (VAT) in patients undergoing penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) under general anesthesia. METHODS: Ninety-five patients undergoing PKP were included in this prospective single-center interventional study. IOP and OPA were measured with a dynamic contour tonometer before and 5 min after onset of general anesthesia...
December 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989912/effect-of-low-dose-atracurium-on-laryngeal-mask-airway-insertion-conditions-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#13
Karim Nasseri
BACKGROUND: The amount of sedation and muscle relaxation of the jaw may have an impact on complications caused by laryngeal mask airway (LMA). The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of low-dose Atracurium on conditions of insertion, complications, and hemodynamic responses to LMA insertion following induction of anesthesia with propofol, in patients undergoing cataract surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this double-blind randomized clinical trial study, 60 patients were randomly divided into two groups...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967478/partial-neuromuscular-block-impairs-arytenoid-abduction-during-hypercarbic-challenge-in-anesthetized-dogs
#14
Chia T Tseng, Daniel M Sakai, Madeline Libin, Monika Mostowy, Jonathan Cheetham, Luis Campoy, Robin D Gleed, Manuel Martin-Flores
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of two levels of partial neuromuscular block (NMB) on arytenoid abduction, tidal volume (VT ) and peak inspiratory flow (PIF) in response to a hypercarbic challenge in anesthetized dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective laboratory study. ANIMALS: Eleven healthy male Beagle dogs aged 3-5 years. METHODS: Dogs were anesthetized with propofol and dexmedetomidine infusions. The rima glottidis was observed via an endoscope placed through a laryngeal mask airway...
September 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945122/pulmonary-hemodynamics-and-alveolar-oxygenation-in-healthy-dogs-anesthetized-with-propofol-or-isoflurane-during-one-lung-ventilation-in-a-closed-thoracic-experimental-model
#15
Beatriz P Floriano, Thomas A Trein, Juliana T Wagatsuma, Joana Z Ferreira, Renata H Pinho, Paulo S P Santos, Valéria N L S Oliva
OBJECTIVE To assess pulmonary hemodynamics and alveolar oxygenation in dogs anesthetized with propofol or isoflurane during one-lung ventilation (OLV) in a closed-thoracic experimental model. ANIMALS 6 healthy Beagles. PROCEDURES Dogs were anesthetized with each of 3 protocols (constant rate IV infusion of propofol [0.4 to 1.0 mg/kg/min], isoflurane at the minimum alveolar concentration [MAC], and isoflurane 1.5 MAC), with a 7-day washout period between anesthetic sessions. During each session, dogs were intubated with a double-lumen endotracheal tube, positioned in right lateral recumbency, and administered atracurium (0...
October 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930848/nociceptive-stimulation-during-macintosh-direct-laryngoscopy-compared-with-mcgrath-mac-videolaryngoscopy-a-randomized-trial-using-indirect-evaluation-using-an-automated-administration-of-propofol-and-remifentanil
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rathvirak Ing, Ngai Liu, Thierry Chazot, Julien Fessler, Jean François Dreyfus, Marc Fischler, Morgan Le Guen
BACKGROUND: Decrease of the nociceptive stimulation induced by laryngoscopy could be an advantage for patients without risk of difficult intubation. The present study aimed to compare the difference in nociceptive stimulation between the use of a conventional laryngoscope or of a videolaryngoscope. Amount of nociception was assessed indirectly using the peak remifentanil concentration determined by a closed-loop administration of propofol and remifentanil with bispectral index (BIS) as the input signal (target 50)...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920046/the-effect-of-intraoperative-alkali-treatment-on-recovery-from-atracurium-induced-neuromuscular-blockade-in-renal-transplantation-a-randomized-trial
#17
Navid Noraee, Mohammad Fathi, Majid Golestani Eraghi, Ali Dabbagh, Nilofar Massoudi
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative care and anesthesia method in patients undergoing allograft renal transplantation surgery are very necessary. Acid-base imbalance can alter neuromuscular blockade and recovery time. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of acid-base balance on atracurium blockade in renal transplantation. METHODS: In this randomized-controlled trial, 31 end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing renal transplantation were randomly assigned into two equal groups...
February 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863931/diabetes-mellitus-does-not-affect-the-neuromuscular-blocking-action-of-atracurium-in-dogs
#18
Elizabeth A Leece, Louise Clark
OBJECTIVE: To compare the duration of action of atracurium in diabetic and nondiabetic dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, blinded, clinical study. ANIMALS: A total of 26 diabetic and 29 nondiabetic dogs. METHODS: Following preanaesthetic medication and intravenous (IV) propofol induction, anaesthesia was maintained with isoflurane in oxygen. Atracurium 0.2 mg kg(-1) IV was administered to provide neuromuscular blockade (NMB) and the responses (twitches; T) to train-of-four nerve stimulation were recorded by palpation and electromyography (EMG)...
April 25, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830892/life-threatening-intraoperative-anaphylaxis-as-a-result-of-chlorhexidine-present-in-instillagel
#19
Joshua Totty, James Forsyth, Anthony Mekako, Ian Chetter
A 70-year-old man with left lower limb critical ischaemia was admitted to our vascular unit for a femoral-popliteal bypass. He had experienced a skin reaction to chlorhexidine 6 months previously during an angioplasty procedure. After intubation, once in the operating theatre, the patient had a urinary catheter inserted using Instillagel. Around 30 min later the patient had a full-blown anaphylactic reaction that required aggressive medical management and the abandoning of surgery. Postoperative allergy testing confirmed that the suspected primary trigger for the anaphylaxis was indeed chlorhexidine, which was present in Instillagel...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829665/effect-of-local-ropivacaine-on-hemodynamic-responses-in-craniotomy-patients
#20
Sepideh Vahabi, Siavash Beiranvand
BACKGROUND: Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) with hemodynamic is of major concern to anesthesiologists and surgeons in craniotomy surgery. Thus, the management of hemodynamic stability is essential in neuro-anesthesia. This study was performed to investigate the effect of local infiltration of 0.5% ropivacaine on hemodynamic responses in craniotomy patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 64 ASA class I -II patients, scheduled for elective craniotomies, were enrolled in this prospective randomized double blind placebo controlled study...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
keyword
keyword
43875
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"