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Syk 130

Jong-Won Kim, Yoon-Seok Roh, Hyeneui Jeong, Ho-Keun Yi, Min-Ho Lee, Chae-Woong Lim, Bumseok Kim
Excessive alcohol consumption leads to chronic liver diseases. Macrophage-inducible C-type lectin (Mincle) is a C-type lectin receptor that recognizes spliceosome-associated protein 130 (SAP130) known as an endogenous ligand released from dying cells. The aim was to examine the role of Mincle-SAP130 in the pathogenesis of alcoholic liver disease. Alcohol-induced liver injury was induced in wild-type (WT) and Mincle knockout (KO) mice by using a chronic-binge ethanol-feeding model. Mincle KO mice showed significant lower hepatic steatosis, inflammation with neutrophil infiltration, and fibrosis compared with WT mice after alcohol feeding...
April 2018: American Journal of Pathology
M Sochalska, E Ottina, S Tuzlak, S Herzog, M Herold, A Villunger
Bcl2 family proteins control mitochondrial apoptosis and its members exert critical cell type and differentiation stage-specific functions, acting as barriers against autoimmunity or transformation. Anti-apoptotic Bcl2a1/Bfl1/A1 is frequently deregulated in different types of blood cancers in humans but its physiological role is poorly understood as quadruplication of the Bcl2a1 gene locus in mice hampers conventional gene targeting strategies. Transgenic overexpression of A1, deletion of the A1-a paralogue or constitutive knockdown in the hematopoietic compartment of mice by RNAi suggested rate-limiting roles in lymphocyte development, granulopoiesis and mast cell activation...
April 2016: Cell Death and Differentiation
Dadi Vilhjalmsson, Stefan Appelros, Ervin Toth, Ingvar Syk, Anders Grönberg, Tommie Mynster, Henrik Thorlacius
BACKGROUND: Compression anastomotic ring-locking procedure (CARP) is a novel procedure for creating colonic anastomoses. The surgical procedure allows perioperative quantification of the compression pressure between the intestinal ends within the anastomosis and postoperative monitoring of the anastomotic integrity. We have recently shown that CARP is a safe and effective method for colonic anastomoses in pigs, and the purpose of the present study was to evaluate CARP for colonic anastomoses in humans...
July 2015: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Jixian Luo, Tingshuang Xu, Chunfeng Li, Xueqing Ba, Xiaoguang Wang, Yong Jiang, Xianlu Zeng
P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 and β1 integrin play essential roles in T cell trafficking during inflammation. E-selectin and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 are their ligands expressed on inflammation-activated endothelium. During the tethering and rolling of lymphocytes on endothelium, P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 binds E-selectin and induces signals. Subsequently, β1 integrin is activated and mediates stable adhesion. However, the intracellular signal pathways from PSGL-1 to β1 integrin have not yet been fully understood...
December 2013: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Yajie Zhang, Hyunju Oh, Robert A Burton, John W Burgner, Robert L Geahlen, Carol Beth Post
The Syk protein-tyrosine kinase plays a major role in signaling through the B cell receptor for antigen (BCR). Syk binds the receptor via its tandem pair of SH2 domains interacting with a doubly phosphorylated immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (dp-ITAM) of the BCR complex. Upon phosphorylation of Tyr-130, which lies between the two SH2 domains distant to the phosphotyrosine binding sites, Syk dissociates from the receptor. To understand the structural basis for this dissociation, we investigated the structural and dynamic characteristics of the wild type tandem SH2 region (tSH2) and a variant tandem SH2 region (tSH2(pm)) with Tyr-130 substituted by Glu to permanently introduce a negative charge at this position...
August 19, 2008: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Jyotsna Reddy, Narayan Shivapurkar, Takao Takahashi, Gunjan Parikh, Victor Stastny, Chinyere Echebiri, Katherine Crumrine, Sabine Zöchbauer-Müller, Johannes Drach, Yingye Zheng, Ziding Feng, Steven H Kroft, Robert W McKenna, Adi F Gazdar
The perturbations of the cytokine signaling pathway play an important role in lymphoid/hematopoietic tumors. Aberrant promoter methylation is the major mechanism of gene silencing in tumors. We examined 150 lymphoid/hematopoietic tumors or potential premalignant specimens, 55 control specimens and 12 EBV-transformed B lymphoblastoid cultures and 10 lymphoma/leukemia (L/L) or multiple myeloma (MM) cell lines for the methylation (and, in cell lines, of the expression status) of three genes involved in the cytokine signaling pathway...
January 20, 2005: Oncogene
Mark W Musch, Leon Goldstein
Upon exposure to hypotonic medium, skate red blood cells swell and then reduce their volume by releasing organic osmolytes and associated water. The regulatory volume decrease is inhibited by stilbenes and anion exchange inhibitors, suggesting involvement of the red blood cell anion exchanger skAE1. To determine the role of tyrosine phosphorylation, red blood cells were volume expanded with and without prior treatment with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor piceatannol. At the concentration used, 130 microM, piceatannol nearly completely inhibits p72(syk), a tyrosine kinase previously shown to phosphorylate skAE1 (M...
April 2005: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Yoshitaka Ishii, Yoshiki Narimatsu, Yuichiro Iwasaki, Naoki Arai, Kuniki Kino, Kohtaro Kirimura
We found a gamma-resorcylic acid (gamma-RA, 2,6-dihydroxybenzoic acid) decarboxylase, as a novel enzyme applicable to carboxylation of resorcinol (RE, 1,3-dihydroxybenzene) to form gamma-RA, in a bacterial strain Rhizobium radiobacter WU-0108 isolated through the screening of gamma-RA degrading microorganisms. The activities for carboxylation of RE and decarboxylation of gamma-RA were detected in the cell-free extracts of R. radiobacter WU-0108 grown aerobically with gamma-RA. The enzyme, gamma-RA decarboxylase, was purified to homogeneity on SDS-PAGE through the steps of one ion-exchange chromatography and two kinds of hydrophobic chromatography...
November 12, 2004: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Patricia B Maguire, Kieran J Wynne, Donal F Harney, Niaobh M O'Donoghue, Gillian Stephens, Desmond J Fitzgerald
Signalling cascades are regulated both positively and negatively by tyrosine phosphorylation. Integrin mediated platelet adhesion triggers signal transduction cascades involving translocation of proteins and tyrosine phosphorylation events, ultimately causing large signalling complexes to be assembled. In resting platelets, a small number of phosphorylated proteins are evident with molecular mass of 50-62 kDa and 120-130 kDa. In thrombin activated human platelets, however, there is a large increase in the number of tyrosine phosphorylated signalling proteins detected...
June 2002: Proteomics
T Ohmori, Y Yatomi, Y Wu, M Osada, K Satoh, Y Ozaki
Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1/CD31) is a 130K transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the immunoglobulin gene superfamily and is expressed on the surface of hematological or vascular cells, including platelets and endothelial cells. Although the importance of this adhesion molecule in various cell-cell interactions is established, its function in platelets remains ill-defined. In the process of clarifying the mechanism by which the lectin wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) activates platelets, we unexpectedly discovered that PECAM-1 is involved in signal transduction pathways elicited by this N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (NAGlu)-reactive lectin...
October 30, 2001: Biochemistry
A Obergfell, B A Judd, M A del Pozo, M A Schwartz, G A Koretzky, S J Shattil
Platelet adhesion to fibrinogen through integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) triggers actin rearrangements and cell spreading. Mice deficient in the SLP-76 adapter molecule bleed excessively, and their platelets spread poorly on fibrinogen. Here we used human platelets and a Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell expression system to better define the role of SLP-76 in alpha(IIb)beta(3) signaling. CHO cell adhesion to fibrinogen required alpha(IIb)beta(3) and stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of SLP-76. SLP-76 phosphorylation required coexpression of Syk tyrosine kinase and stimulated association of SLP-76 with the adapter, Nck, and with the Rac exchange factor, Vav1...
February 23, 2001: Journal of Biological Chemistry
J M Pasquet, L Quek, S Pasquet, A Poole, J R Matthews, C Lowell, S P Watson
The Src homology (SH)2 domain-containing protein-tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 is tyrosine phosphorylated in platelets in response to the glycoprotein VI (GPVI)-selective agonist collagen-related peptide (CRP), collagen, and thrombin. Two major unidentified tyrosine-phosphorylated bands of 28 and 32 kDa and a minor band of 130 kDa coprecipitate with SHP-1 in response to all three agonists. Additionally, tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins of 50-55 and 70 kDa specifically associate with SHP-1 following stimulation by CRP and collagen...
September 15, 2000: Journal of Biological Chemistry
M Veale, M Raab, Z Li, A J da Silva, S K Kraeft, S Weremowicz, C C Morton, C E Rudd
T-cell activation involves the participation of protein-tyrosine kinases p56(lck) and ZAP-70/SYK as well as lymphoid proteins such as SLP-76 and FYB/SLAP. FYB/SLAP has the hallmarks of an adaptor protein that binds to the SH2 domains of the Src kinase FYN-T and SLP-76. Whereas two forms of FYB at 120 and 130 kDa have been identified biochemically, a cDNA encoding only the lower molecular weight isoform has been cloned (termed FYB-120 or SLAP-130). In this study, we report the isolation of an alternative isoform of FYB with a molecular mass of 130 kDa (FYB-130) that has the same structure as FYB-120 except for an insertion of 46 amino acids toward the carboxyl-terminal region of the protein...
October 1, 1999: Journal of Biological Chemistry
B S Gross, J R Lee, J L Clements, M Turner, V L Tybulewicz, P R Findell, G A Koretzky, S P Watson
Collagen-related peptide (CRP), a collagen homologue, induces platelet activation through a tyrosine kinase-dependent pathway, leading to sequential tyrosine phosphorylation of Fc receptor (FcR) gamma-chain, Syk, and phospholipase C-gamma2. Here we report that CRP and the platelet low affinity immune receptor FcgammaRIIA stimulate tyrosine phosphorylation of the T cell adapter SLP-76, whereas the G protein-coupled receptor agonist thrombin induces only minor tyrosine phosphorylation. This suggests that SLP-76 has a specific role downstream of receptors that signal via an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif...
February 26, 1999: Journal of Biological Chemistry
L M Keshvara, C Isaacson, M L Harrison, R L Geahlen
Syk (p72(syk)) is a 72-kDa cytoplasmic protein-tyrosine kinase that serves as an essential component of the signal transduction machinery coupled to the B-cell antigen receptor. Syk is recruited to the receptor when it is cross-linked and, in response, becomes tyrosine-phosphorylated and activated before it dissociates from the receptor and appears in the cytoplasm. To begin to explore how tyrosine phosphorylation affects Syk activation and receptor binding, Tyr-130, which is localized within the Syk inter-Src homology 2 domain region, was substituted with Phe or Glu...
April 18, 1997: Journal of Biological Chemistry
L R Hendricks-Taylor, D G Motto, J Zhang, R P Siraganian, G A Koretzky
Stimulation of the IgE high affinity receptor on rat basophilic leukemia RBL-2H3 cells results in activation of protein tyrosine kinases and rapid tyrosine phosphorylation of several substrates, many of which remain unidentified. In this report, we demonstrate that the Grb2 adapter protein, when expressed as a glutathione S-transferase fusion protein, associates with four tyrosine-phosphorylated molecules (116, 76, 36, and 31 kDa) from lysates of stimulated RBL-2H3 cells. We show further that the 76-kDa protein is SLP-76, a hematopoietic cell-specific protein first identified as a Grb2-binding protein in T cells...
January 10, 1997: Journal of Biological Chemistry
E V Negrescu, W Siess
Incubation of human platelets with EGTA under conditions that dissociate the alphaIIbbeta3-integrin stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of pp72(syk) (6.8-fold) and of proteins of 62 (2. 2-fold), 68 (2.5-fold) and 130 kDa (1.4-fold). Stimulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of pp72(syk) was associated with an increase of pp72(syk) kinase activity. In contrast to pp72(syk), tyrosine phosphorylation of the focal adhesion kinase pp125(FAK) was not stimulated by EGTA. Preincubation of platelets with the monoclonal antibody P2, which binds to the alphaIIbbeta3 complex and thus stabilizes it, strongly reduced the increase of tyrosine phosphorylation of pp72(syk), p62, and p68 induced by EGTA...
October 25, 1996: Journal of Biological Chemistry
L Smit, A M de Vries-Smits, J L Bos, J Borst
Activation of growth factor receptor tyrosine kinases, such as the epidermal growth factor and insulin receptors, induces tyrosine phosphorylation of Shc proteins and their association with the SH2 domain-containing adaptor protein Grb2. The Shc-Grb2 complex has been implicated in coupling these receptors to p21ras. The B cell antigen receptor plays a key role in directing B cell proliferation and differentiation. Although the B cell receptor lacks intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity, its mode of action parallels that of receptor tyrosine kinases in many aspects...
August 12, 1994: Journal of Biological Chemistry
M Olsson, A Syk, R Wollin
We have tested 750 Salmonella strains and 130 strains of other species of the family Enterbacteriaceae with the 4-methylumbelliferyl caprilate reagent (MUCAP) test. The MUCAP test is a fluorescence test for rapid identification of Salmonella strains. The non-Salmonella strains were strains sent for identification as suspected Salmonella strains and thus have phenotypes similar to those of Salmonella strains. All 748 tested Salmonella strains of subgroups I, II, III, and IV were positive in the MUCAP test. Of the two tested rare Salmonella subgroup V strains, one was positive and the other was negative...
November 1991: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
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