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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775958/a-systematic-review-of-community-based-interventions-to-improve-oral-chronic-disease-medication-regimen-adherence-among-individuals-with-substance-use-disorder
#1
REVIEW
Karen M Clements, Tasmina Hydery, Mark A Tesell, Bonnie C Greenwood, Michael C Angelini
BACKGROUND: Poor medication adherence has been shown to cause medical complications, death, and increased healthcare costs and may be of particular importance in patients with substance use disorder (SUD). Concerns regarding adherence in this population may influence a healthcare provider's decision to prescribe a medication requiring high adherence. Guidance defining best practices that promote adherence among individuals with SUD is lacking. METHODS: A review of English articles in Medline and PsycINFO databases, published between October 1, 1994 and October 31, 2017, was conducted in order to identify studies of interventions intended to improve adherence to oral chronic disease medication regimens among patients with SUD...
May 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775099/the-use-of-olive-tree-pruning-waste-compost-to-sequestrate-methylene-blue-dye-from-aqueous-solution
#2
Ioannis Anastopoulos, Ilias Margiotoudis, Ioannis Massas
Considering that quality water supplies are diminishing and climate disorder affects water cycle, wastewaters should be decontaminated for reuse either by the same establishment or in agriculture for the growth of industrial plants. In that context, much research work has been focused on the development of low cost biosorbents. In this study, the effect of composting on the adsorption capacity of olive tree pruning waste (OTPW) biomass for methylene blue (MB) removal from aqueous solutions was examined. Composting procedure may improve the sorption properties of the raw organic materials, is economical and easy to apply...
July 3, 2018: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775046/solvent-assisted-surface-engineering-for-high-performance-all-inorganic-perovskite-nanocrystals-light-emitting-diodes
#3
Lin Wang, Baiquan Liu, Xin Zhao, Hilmi Volkan Demir, Haoshuang Gu, Handong Sun
All-inorganic cesium halide perovskite nanocrystals have attracted booming interests in optoelectronic applications for the sake of the readily adjustable bandgaps, high photoluminescence quantum yield, pure color emission and affordable cost. However, due to the ineluctable utilization of organic surfactants during the synthesis, the structural and optical properties of CsPbBr3 nanocrystals degrade upon transforming from colloidal solutions to solid thin films, which plagues the device operation. Here, we develop a novel solvent-assisted surface engineering strategy, producing high quality CsPbBr3 thin films for device applications...
May 18, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774400/cost-effectiveness-of-osteoporosis-screening-strategies-for-hip-fracture-prevention-in-older-chinese-people-a-decision-tree-modeling-study-in-the-mr-os-and-ms-os-cohort-in-hong-kong
#4
Y Su, F T T Lai, B H K Yip, J C S Leung, T C Y Kwok
Despite the high costs of hip fracture, many governments provide limited support for osteoporosis screening. We demonstrated that osteoporosis screening by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) with or without pre-screening by Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) or calcaneal ultrasound are more cost-effective than no screening in Chinese people aged 65 or over in Hong Kong. INTRODUCTION: To examine the cost-effective potential osteoporosis screening strategies for hip fracture prevention in Hong Kong...
May 17, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774392/cost-effectiveness-of-ventricular-assist-device-destination-therapy-for-advanced-heart-failure-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#5
Defne A Magnetta, JaHyun Kang, Peter D Wearden, Kenneth J Smith, Brian Feingold
Destination ventricular assist device therapy (DT-VAD) is well accepted in select adults with medically refractory heart failure (HF) who are not transplant candidates; however, its use in younger patients with progressive diseases is unclear. We sought to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of DT-VAD in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients with advanced HF. We created a Markov-state transition model (5-year horizon) to compare survival, costs, and quality of life (QOL) between medical management and DT-VAD in DMD with advanced HF...
May 17, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773969/cost-effectiveness-of-umeclidinium-compared-with-tiotropium-and-glycopyrronium-as-monotherapy-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-uk-perspective
#6
Dhvani Shah, Maurice Driessen, Nancy Risebrough, Timothy Baker, Ian Naya, Andrew Briggs, Afisi S Ismaila
Background: Cost-effectiveness of once-daily umeclidinium bromide (UMEC) was compared with once-daily tiotropium (TIO) and once-daily glycopyrronium (GLY) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) from a UK National Health Service (NHS) perspective. Methods: A linked-equation model was implemented to estimate COPD progression, associated healthcare costs, exacerbations rates, life years (LY) and quality-adjusted LY (QALYs). Statistical risk equations for endpoints and resource use were derived from the ECLIPSE and TORCH studies, respectively...
2018: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773657/review-of-the-role-of-nice-in-promoting-the-adoption-of-innovative-cardiac-technologies
#7
REVIEW
Peter H Groves, Chris Pomfrett, Mirella Marlow
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Medical Technologies Evaluation Programme (MTEP) promotes the adoption of innovative diagnostic and therapeutic technologies into National Health Service (NHS) clinical practice through the publication of guidance and briefing documents. Since the inception of the programme in 2009, there have been 7 medical technologiesguidance, 3 diagnostics guidance and 23 medtechinnovation briefing documents published that are relevant to the heart and circulation...
May 17, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773498/special-considerations-for-the-use-of-pathogen-reduced-blood-components-in-pediatric-patients-an-overview
#8
REVIEW
Raymond P Goodrich, Jerard Segatchian
Pediatric patients requiring transfusion constitute one of the most challenging areas of transfusion practice. Due to the limitations posed by their particular physiological conditions they routinely require specialized component support and more personalised transfusion care than what is routinely utilized in the care of adult patients. Pediatric patients, unlike many adult patients requiring transfusion support, also generally have significant lifespans post-transfusion. This combined with the possibility of long term consequences to adverse events related to transfusion such as infection or change in immunological status drives the need to continue to use improved blood components in the transfusion support of pediatric patients...
May 14, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773291/cost-utility-of-non-invasive-mechanical-ventilation-analysis-and-implications-in-acute-respiratory-failure-a-brief-narrative-review
#9
REVIEW
Antonello Nicolini, Sven Stieglitz, Pierre Bou-Khalil, Antonio Esquinas
The growing interest in the quality of patient care at the levels of the health care managers, insurance companies, and health professionals is evident. Further, the growing population requires good quality health services. In this review, we analyzed the cost-effectiveness of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in an acute setting for the treatment of respiratory failure. The strength of this review is that it identified and summarized the most relevant studies regarding various aspects of the cost-utility of NIV in an acute setting...
May 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773075/does-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-of-tortured-refugees-represent-value-for-money-a-follow-up-of-a-danish-case-study
#10
Line Bager, Kristian Schultz Hansen, Carit Jacques Andersen, Shr-Jie Sharlenna Wang
BACKGROUND: The recent surge of asylum seekers in the European Union (EU) is raising questions about the EU's ability to integrate newcomers into the economy and into society; particularly those who need specialized services for the treatment of severe trauma. This study investigated whether rehabilitating traumatised refugees represents 'value-for-money' (VfM) in terms of intervention cost per health gain and in a long-term and societal perspective. METHODS: The economic evaluation comprised a cost-utility analysis (CUA) and a partial cost-benefit analysis (CBA)...
May 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772878/spatial-heterogeneity-of-quality-use-and-spending-on-medicare-for-the-elderly
#11
Felipa De Mello-Sampayo
The spatial variation of the relations between Medicare spending (MS), use and quality in the United States was investigated employing spatial regression. A focus of the study was whether, and to what extent, MS and use vary by service type. Employing different spatial regression designs based on Medicare regional data, the impact of the heterogeneous spatial effects of hospital readmissions on MS for the elderly at the aggregate level was examined. The results were followed up by investigation whether the effects of hospital readmissions are heterogeneous with regard to service type...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772653/fast-and-cost-effective-synthesis-of-high-quality-graphene-on-copper-foils-using-high-current-arc-evaporation
#12
Helge Lux, Matthias Edling, Peter Siemroth, Sigurd Schrader
In this paper, we present an innovative and ultra-fast process for the deposition of high-quality graphene on different metal foils and thin metal films. The graphene layer can be homogeneously deposited in only 30 s process time. Due to the weak adhesion to the substrate material, the monolayer graphene is easy to transfer using the established processes. For the production, we use magnetic filtered high-current arc evaporation (Φ-HCA) with a solid, graphitic carbon source. This ultra-fast growth process can pave the way towards a cost-effective graphene synthesis for the mass production e...
May 16, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772447/one-to-one-specialling-and-sitters-in-acute-care-hospitals-a-scoping-review
#13
REVIEW
Victoria J Wood, Cecilia Vindrola-Padros, Nick Swart, Michelle McIntosh, Sonya Crowe, Stephen Morris, Naomi J Fulop
BACKGROUND: One to one specialling is a type of care which is provided to ensure the safety of patients who may be suffering from cognitive impairment, exhibit challenging behaviour, or may be at risk of falls or of causing harm to themselves or others. Care such as this, often referred to as 'specialling' or 'sitting' is common practice in most hospitals around the world, but there is a lack of evidence regarding its cost effectiveness and the quality of care provided. AIM: The aim of this scoping review was to explore the breadth and scope of literature on one to one specialling, sitters and similar types of care in acute secondary care settings, in order to identify the challenges and concerns relating to the quality of care (process and outcomes) and cost effectiveness emerging from the literature, and determine the implications of this for policy, practice and future research...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772045/ocular-tolerance-of-contemporary-electronic-display-devices
#14
Andrew J Clark, Paul Yang, Khizer R Khaderi, Andrew A Moshfeghi
Electronic displays have become an integral part of life in the developed world since the revolution of mobile computing a decade ago. With the release of multiple consumer-grade virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) products in the past 2 years utilizing head-mounted displays (HMDs), as well as the development of low-cost, smartphone-based HMDs, the ability to intimately interact with electronic screens is greater than ever. VR/AR HMDs also place the display at much closer ocular proximity than traditional electronic devices while also isolating the user from the ambient environment to create a "closed" system between the user's eyes and the display...
May 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771742/multiple-chronic-conditions-and-disparities-in-30-day-hospital-readmissions-among-nonelderly-adults
#15
Jayasree Basu, Amresh Hanchate, Siran Koroukian
This study examines the patterns of 30-day hospital readmissions by race/ethnicity and multiple chronic conditions (MCC) burden among nonelderly adult patients. We used hospital discharge data of patients in the 18- to 64-year age group in 5 US states, California, Florida, Missouri, New York, and Tennessee, for 2009 from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Database (HCUP-SID) of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, linked to contextual and provider data from the Health Resources and Services Administration...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771574/is-adding-maternal-vaccination-to-prevent-whooping-cough-cost-effective-in-australia
#16
Laure-Anne Van Bellinghen, Alex Dimitroff, Michael Haberl, Xiao Li, Andrew Manton, Karen Moeremans, Nadia Demarteau
Pertussis or whooping cough, a highly infectious respiratory infection, causes significant morbidity and mortality in infants. In adolescents and adults, pertussis presents with atypical symptoms often resulting in under-diagnosis and under-reporting, increasing the risk of transmission to more vulnerable groups. Maternal vaccination against pertussis protects mothers and newborns. This evaluation assessed the cost-effectiveness of adding maternal dTpa (reduced antigen diphtheria, Tetanus, acellular pertussis) vaccination to the 2016 nationally-funded pertussis program (DTPa [Diphtheria, Tetanus, acellular Pertussis] at 2, 4, 6, 18 months, 4 years and dTpa at 12-13 years) in Australia...
May 17, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771338/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-an-adherence-promotion-intervention-for-children-with-leukemia-a-markov-model-based-simulation
#17
Meghan E McGrady, Mark H Eckman, Maureen M O'Brien, Ahna L H Pai
Objective: Improving medication adherence among children with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) has the potential to reduce relapse rates but requires an investment in resources. An economic evaluation is needed to understand the potential costs and benefits of delivering adherence-promotion interventions (APIs) as part of standard clinical care. Methods: A Markov decision analytic model was used to simulate the potential incremental cost-effectiveness per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) to be gained from an API for children with B-ALL in first continuous remission compared with treatment as usual (TAU, no intervention)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770960/interventions-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-children-aged-five-years-and-under
#18
REVIEW
Rebecca K Hodder, Kate M O'Brien, Fiona G Stacey, Rebecca J Wyse, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Flora Tzelepis, Erica L James, Kate M Bartlem, Nicole K Nathan, Rachel Sutherland, Emma Robson, Sze Lin Yoong, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: Insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables in childhood increases the risk of future non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular disease. Interventions to increase consumption of fruit and vegetables, such as those focused on specific child-feeding strategies and parent nutrition education interventions in early childhood may therefore be an effective strategy in reducing this disease burden. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness, cost effectiveness and associated adverse events of interventions designed to increase the consumption of fruit, vegetables or both amongst children aged five years and under...
May 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770553/pilot-randomized-trial-of-a-volitional-help-sheet-based-tool-to-increase-leisure-time-physical-activity-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#19
Janine Chapman, Chloe Fletcher, Ingrid Flight, Carlene Wilson
OBJECTIVES: To develop and test a volitional help sheet-based tool to improve physical activity in breast cancer survivors compared to a standard self-generated implementation intention intervention. DESIGN: Pilot randomized trial conducted online over 3 months. METHODS: Participants were randomized to an online volitional help sheet (n = 50) or implementation intention (n = 51) intervention. Measures were taken at baseline, 1 and 3 months...
May 16, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770445/cost-effectiveness-of-a-community-based-diabetes-prevention-program-with-participation-incentives-for-medicaid-beneficiaries
#20
Todd Gilmer, Patrick J O'Connor, Jeffrey S Schiff, Gretchen Taylor, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Joyce E Garrett, Houa Vue-Her, Sarah Rinn, Julie Anderson, Jay Desai
OBJECTIVE: To examine the cost-effectiveness of a community-based Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) for Medicaid beneficiaries from the perspective of the health care sector. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: A total of 847 Medicaid enrollees at high risk for type 2 diabetes participating in a community-based DPP. STUDY DESIGN: Pre- and post clinical outcome and cost data were used as inputs into a validated diabetes simulation model. The model was used to evaluate quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and health care costs over a 40-year time horizon from the perspective of the health care sector...
May 16, 2018: Health Services Research
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