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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314384/erratum-to-pre-travel-malaria-chemoprophylaxis-counselling-in-a-public-travel-medicine-clinic-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#1
Tânia do Socorro Souza Chaves, Wuelton Marcelo Monteiro, Jessé Reis Alves, Marcus Lacerda, Marta Heloisa Lopes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290967/the-brief-military-career-of-dr-william-h-welch
#2
James K Gilman
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this article is to examine the Army service of Dr. William H. Welch during World War I. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Archival research utilizing prime source documents in the William H. Welch Collection of the Alan M. Chesney Medical Archives for the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. RESULTS: Welch joined the Army at the age of 67 after serving as one of the principal transformational forces for reforming medical education in the United States and founding the first academic institution for educating public health professionals in the United States, the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health and Hygiene...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272614/nanostructures-for-nir-light-controlled-therapies
#3
REVIEW
Yanmei Yang, Junxin Aw, Bengang Xing
In general, effective clinical treatment demands precision medicine, which requires specific perturbation to disease cells with no damage to normal tissue. Thus far, guaranteeing that selective therapeutic effects occur only at targeted disease areas remains a technical challenge. Among the various endeavors to achieve such an outcome, strategies based on light-controlled therapies have received special attention, mostly due to their unique advantages, including the low-invasive property and the capability to obtain spatial and temporal precision at the targeted sites via specific wavelength light irradiation...
March 8, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264581/-assessing-health-care-accessibility-in-the-czech-republic
#4
Luděk Šídlo, Martin Novák, Přemysl Štych, Boris Burcin
The article looks at the accessibility of health care in the Czech republic in relation to the relevant legislation. Health care access is a frequently debated issue, but quantifying it is a difficult task. There are no official regulations in our country for determining the capacity of health care workers by category and type of health care provision that could be used to ensure health care is accessible to the inhabitants of a given region. Nonetheless, a government regulation came into force in 2013 regulating local health care access and travel time...
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244025/-consensus-paper-treatment-of-acute-traveler-s-diarrhea-practice-recommendation-for-travel-advice
#5
Tomas Jelinek, Hans-Dieter Nothdurft, Martin Haditsch, Thomas Weinke
BACKGROUND: In times of mass tourism, traveler's diarrhea is one of the most common health problems of long-distance travel. Globally, some 40 million cases occur annually. Travellers to risk areas should therefore be comprehensively advised beforehand, as to what action to take in case of an acute traveler's diarrhea and what drugs to add to their first-aid kit. To date none, or hardly any specific studies or valid specific guidelines for the treatment of traveler's diarrhea are available for Germany...
March 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241758/clinical-trials-from-the-patient-perspective-survey-in-an-online-patient-community
#6
Pronabesh DasMahapatra, Priya Raja, Jeremy Gilbert, Paul Wicks
BACKGROUND: Developing new medicines relies on the successful conduct of clinical trials. As trial protocols become more arduous, it becomes harder to recruit and retain patient volunteers, although recent efforts such as OMERACT and I-SPY2 show that partnering with patients can be beneficial. We sought to describe drivers and barriers to trial participation, as well as condition-specific trial preferences. METHODS: An online survey was fielded via the patient-powered research network PatientsLikeMe to 1,621 members living with nine selected chronic health conditions...
February 27, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219086/first-report-of-awake-craniotomy-of-a-famous-musician-suprasellar-tumor-surgery-of-pianist-clara-haskil-in-1942
#7
Elena Romana Gasenzer, Ayhan Kanat, Edmund A M Neugebauer
Clara Haskil (January 7, 1895-December 7, 1960) was one of the most famous female pianists of the 20th century. In her life and work she set new standards in piano playing. However, her career was beset by poor health and the adversities of two world wars. In her lifetime Haskil had three major disorders: juvenile scoliosis requiring treatment in her adolescence, a tumor of the sellar region requiring surgery at age 47 years, and a traumatic brain injury causing her death at the age of 65. Her medical history illustrates the development of surgical methods and rehabilitation in medicine before and after World War II...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216861/poverty-reduction-in-india-through-palliative-care-a-pilot-project
#8
Cathy Ratcliff, Ann Thyle, Savita Duomai, Manju Manak
INTRODUCTION: EMMS International and Emmanuel Hospital Association (EHA) implemented a pilot project, poverty reduction in India through palliative care (PRIPCare). A total of 129 interviews with patients and family enrolled in palliative care at three EHA hospitals (in Fatehpur, Lalitpur and Utraula) and staff discussions established that 66% of palliative care patients had lost livelihoods due to illness, 26% of patients' families had members who had lost livelihoods due to the illness, 98% of enrolled households had debts, 59% had loans for which they had sold assets, 69% of households took out debt after their family member fell ill, many patients do not know about government benefits and lack necessary documents, many village headmen require bribes to give people access to benefits, and many bereaved women and children lose everything...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211266/-non-febrile-syndromes-in-the-traveler-returning-from-tropical-regions-admitted-in-a-monographic-unit
#9
A Anula-Morales, B Martin-Giner, M Hernández-Cabrera, C Carranza-Rodríguez, E Pisos-Álamo, N Jaén-Sánchez, J L Pérez-Arellano
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to analyse those syndromes without fever in travellers who return from tropical regions evaluated at our Department of Infectology and Tropical Medicine. Clarifying these conditions intends to reach earlier diagnoses and, perhaps, to avoid the emergence and spread of imported diseases, as well as to establish appropriate preventive measures. METHODS: An observational descriptive transversal study was performed, selecting those patients who returned from tropical regions without fever (n = 281), amongst all travellers evaluated in our department between 1998 and 2013...
February 17, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208807/telehealth-increasing-access-to-high-quality-care-by-expanding-the-role-of-technology-in-correctional-medicine
#10
REVIEW
Jeremy D Young, Melissa E Badowski
The United States (US) has a large correctional population. However, many incarcerated persons lack access to evidence-based, up-to-date medical care, particularly by subspecialty providers, due to limitations of geography, travel, cost and other resources. The use of telehealth technologies can remove these barriers, increasing access to high quality, multidisciplinary care. Studies have shown that, with telemedicine, timely triage and medical management can be provided across many disciplines, which may lead to improved clinical outcomes and significant cost savings...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173862/pre-travel-malaria-chemoprophylaxis-counselling-in-a-public-travel-medicine-clinic-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#11
Tânia do Socorro Souza Chaves, Wuelton Marcelo Monteiro, Jessé Reis Alves, Marcus Lacerda, Marta Heloisa Lopes
BACKGROUND: Malaria is one of the most prevalent parasitic diseases in the world and represents a threat to travellers visiting endemic areas. Chemoprophylaxis is the prevention measure used in travel medicine, avoiding clinical manifestations and protecting against the development of severe disease and death. METHODS: Retrospective and descriptive analysis of malaria prevention data in travellers was recorded from a travel medicine clinic in São Paulo, Brazil, between January 2006 and December 2010...
February 7, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167602/case-case-analysis-using-7-years-of-travelers-diarrhea-surveillance-data-preventive-and-travel-medicine-applications-in-cusco-peru
#12
Mary Carol Jennings, Drake H Tilley, Sarah-Blythe Ballard, Miguel Villanueva, Fernando Maldonado Costa, Martha Lopez, Hannah E Steinberg, C Giannina Luna, Rina Meza, Maria E Silva, Robert H Gilman, Mark P Simons, Ryan C Maves, Miguel M Cabada
In Cusco, Peru, and South America in general, there is a dearth of travelers' diarrhea (TD) data concerning the clinical features associated with enteropathogen-specific infections and destination-specific risk behaviors. Understanding these factors would allow travel medicine providers to tailor interventions to patients' risk profiles and travel destination. To characterize TD etiology, evaluate region-specific TD risk factors, and examine relationships between preventive recommendations and risk-taking behaviors among medium- to long-term travelers' from high-income countries, we conducted this case-case analysis using 7 years of prospective surveillance data from adult travelers' presenting with TD to a physician in Cusco...
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143519/severe-malaria-in-europe-an-8-year-multi-centre-observational-study
#13
Florian Kurth, Michel Develoux, Matthieu Mechain, Denis Malvy, Jan Clerinx, Spinello Antinori, Ida E Gjørup, Joaquím Gascon, Kristine Mørch, Emanuele Nicastri, Michael Ramharter, Alessandro Bartoloni, Leo Visser, Thierry Rolling, Philipp Zanger, Guido Calleri, Joaquín Salas-Coronas, Henrik Nielsen, Gudrun Just-Nübling, Andreas Neumayr, Anna Hachfeld, Matthias L Schmid, Pietro Antonini, Tilman Lingscheid, Peter Kern, Annette Kapaun, José Saraiva da Cunha, Peter Pongratz, Antoni Soriano-Arandes, Mirjam Schunk, Norbert Suttorp, Christoph Hatz, Thomas Zoller
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains one of the most serious infections for travellers to tropical countries. Due to the lack of harmonized guidelines a large variety of treatment regimens is used in Europe to treat severe malaria. METHODS: The European Network for Tropical Medicine and Travel Health (TropNet) conducted an 8-year, multicentre, observational study to analyse epidemiology, treatment practices and outcomes of severe malaria in its member sites across Europe...
January 31, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130001/dried-blood-spot-sampling-in-psychiatry-perspectives-for-improving-therapeutic-drug-monitoring
#14
REVIEW
Lisa C Martial, Rob E Aarnoutse, Martina Mulder, Arnt Schellekens, Roger J M Brüggemann, David M Burger, Aart H Schene, Albert Batalla
Assessment of drug concentrations is indicated to guide dosing of a selected number of drugs used in psychiatry. Conventionally this is done by vena puncture. Novel sampling strategies such as dried blood spot (DBS) sampling have been developed for various drugs, including antipsychotics, antidepressants and mood-stabilizers. DBS sampling is typically performed by means of a finger prick. This method allows for remote sampling, which means that patients are not required to travel to a health care facility. The number of DBS assays for drugs used in psychiatry has increased over the last decade and includes antidepressants (tricyclic and serotonin and/or norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors), mood stabilizers and first- and second-generation antipsychotics...
January 24, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123275/role-of-forensic-odontology-in-the-indian-armed-forces-an-unexplored-arena
#15
REVIEW
Karandeep Singh Arora, Prabhpreet Kaur
Forensic odontology (FO) is a branch of forensic medicine that in the interest of justice deals with proper handling and examination of dental evidence. Teeth can survive in most conditions encountered at death and during decomposition, even when the body is exposed to extreme forces and/or temperatures. FO is being practiced worldwide since 1775, after which it has not only become an integral part of the judicial system of the developed countries but also been adopted by the armed forces and investigative agencies of these countries...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116032/the-cost-and-burden-of-the-residency-match-in-emergency-medicine
#16
Aaron M Blackshaw, Simon C Watson, Jeffrey S Bush
INTRODUCTION: To obtain a residency match, medical students entering emergency medicine (EM) must complete away rotations, submit a number of lengthy applications, and travel to multiple programs to interview. The expenses incurred acquiring this residency position are burdensome, but there is little specialty-specific data estimating it. We sought to quantify the actual cost spent by medical students applying to EM residency programs by surveying students as they attended a residency interview...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099046/death-notification-someone-needs-to-call-the-family
#17
Rachel Ombres, Lauren Montemorano, Daniel Becker
BACKGROUND: The death notification process can affect family grief and bereavement. It can also affect the well-being of involved physicians. There is no standardized process for making death notification phone calls. We assumed that residents are likely to be unprepared before and troubled after. OBJECTIVE: We investigated current death notification practices to develop an evidence-based template for standardizing this process. DESIGN: We used results of a literature review and open-ended interviews with faculty, residents, and widows to develop a survey regarding resident training and experience in death notification by phone...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097687/requirements-for-accurate-estimation-of-anisotropic-material-parameters-by-magnetic-resonance-elastography-a-computational-study
#18
D J Tweten, R J Okamoto, P V Bayly
PURPOSE: To establish the essential requirements for characterization of a transversely isotropic material by magnetic resonance elastography (MRE). THEORY AND METHODS: Three methods for characterizing nearly incompressible, transversely isotropic (ITI) materials were used to analyze data from closed-form expressions for traveling waves, finite-element (FE) simulations of waves in homogeneous ITI material, and FE simulations of waves in heterogeneous material. Key properties are the complex shear modulus μ2 , shear anisotropy ϕ=μ1/μ2-1, and tensile anisotropy ζ=E1/E2-1...
January 17, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097674/monte-carlo-simulations-of-ceiling-scatter-in-nuclear-medicine-99m-tc-131-i-and-18-f
#19
Roald S Schnerr, Anouk N de Jong, Guillaume Landry, Cécile R L P N Jeukens, Roel Wierts
PURPOSE: In the design of nuclear medicine treatment and examination rooms, an important consideration is the shielding required for ionizing radiation from the radioactive isotopes used. The shielding in the walls is normally limited to a height lower than the actual ceiling height. The direct radiation, possibly with build-up correction, can be calculated relatively easily. However, little data is available to estimate the dose contribution from ionizing radiation traveling over the wall shielding and scattering off the ceiling...
January 18, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077609/travellers-and-influenza-risks-and-prevention
#20
REVIEW
M Goeijenbier, P van Genderen, B J Ward, A Wilder-Smith, R Steffen, A D M E Osterhaus
BACKGROUND: Influenza viruses are among the major causes of serious human respiratory tract infection worldwide. In line with the high disease burden attributable to influenza, these viruses play an important, but often neglected, role in travel medicine. Guidelines and recommendations regarding prevention and management of influenza in travellers are scarce. Of special interest for travel medicine are risk populations and also circumstances that facilitate influenza virus transmission and spread, like travel by airplane or cruise ship and mass gatherings...
January 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
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