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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219086/first-report-of-awake-craniotomy-of-a-famous-musician-suprasellar-tumor-surgery-of-pianist-clara-haskil-in-1942
#1
Elena Romana Gasenzer, Ayhan Kanat, Edmund A M Neugebauer
Clara Haskil (January 7, 1895-December 7, 1960) was one of the most famous female pianists of the 20th century. In her life and work she set new standards in piano playing. However, her career was beset by poor health and the adversities of two world wars. In her lifetime Haskil had three major disorders: juvenile scoliosis requiring treatment in her adolescence, a tumor of the sellar region requiring surgery at age 47 years, and a traumatic brain injury causing her death at the age of 65. Her medical history illustrates the development of surgical methods and rehabilitation in medicine before and after World War II...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216861/poverty-reduction-in-india-through-palliative-care-a-pilot-project
#2
Cathy Ratcliff, Ann Thyle, Savita Duomai, Manju Manak
INTRODUCTION: EMMS International and Emmanuel Hospital Association (EHA) implemented a pilot project, poverty reduction in India through palliative care (PRIPCare). A total of 129 interviews with patients and family enrolled in palliative care at three EHA hospitals (in Fatehpur, Lalitpur and Utraula) and staff discussions established that 66% of palliative care patients had lost livelihoods due to illness, 26% of patients' families had members who had lost livelihoods due to the illness, 98% of enrolled households had debts, 59% had loans for which they had sold assets, 69% of households took out debt after their family member fell ill, many patients do not know about government benefits and lack necessary documents, many village headmen require bribes to give people access to benefits, and many bereaved women and children lose everything...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211266/-non-febrile-syndromes-in-the-traveler-returning-from-tropical-regions-admitted-in-a-monographic-unit
#3
A Anula-Morales, B Martin-Giner, M Hernández-Cabrera, C Carranza-Rodríguez, E Pisos-Álamo, N Jaén-Sánchez, J L Pérez-Arellano
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to analyse those syndromes without fever in travellers who return from tropical regions evaluated at our Department of Infectology and Tropical Medicine. Clarifying these conditions intends to reach earlier diagnoses and, perhaps, to avoid the emergence and spread of imported diseases, as well as to establish appropriate preventive measures. METHODS: An observational descriptive transversal study was performed, selecting those patients who returned from tropical regions without fever (n = 281), amongst all travellers evaluated in our department between 1998 and 2013...
February 17, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208807/telehealth-increasing-access-to-high-quality-care-by-expanding-the-role-of-technology-in-correctional-medicine
#4
REVIEW
Jeremy D Young, Melissa E Badowski
The United States (US) has a large correctional population. However, many incarcerated persons lack access to evidence-based, up-to-date medical care, particularly by subspecialty providers, due to limitations of geography, travel, cost and other resources. The use of telehealth technologies can remove these barriers, increasing access to high quality, multidisciplinary care. Studies have shown that, with telemedicine, timely triage and medical management can be provided across many disciplines, which may lead to improved clinical outcomes and significant cost savings...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173862/pre-travel-malaria-chemoprophylaxis-counselling-in-a-public-travel-medicine-clinic-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#5
Tânia do Socorro Souza Chaves, Wuelton Marcelo Monteiro, Jessé Reis Alves, Marcus Lacerda, Marta Heloisa Lopes
BACKGROUND: Malaria is one of the most prevalent parasitic diseases in the world and represents a threat to travellers visiting endemic areas. Chemoprophylaxis is the prevention measure used in travel medicine, avoiding clinical manifestations and protecting against the development of severe disease and death. METHODS: Retrospective and descriptive analysis of malaria prevention data in travellers was recorded from a travel medicine clinic in São Paulo, Brazil, between January 2006 and December 2010...
February 7, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167602/case-case-analysis-using-7-years-of-travelers-diarrhea-surveillance-data-preventive-and-travel-medicine-applications-in-cusco-peru
#6
Mary Carol Jennings, Drake H Tilley, Sarah-Blythe Ballard, Miguel Villanueva, Fernando Maldonado Costa, Martha Lopez, Hannah E Steinberg, C Giannina Luna, Rina Meza, Maria E Silva, Robert H Gilman, Mark P Simons, Ryan C Maves, Miguel M Cabada
In Cusco, Peru, and South America in general, there is a dearth of travelers' diarrhea (TD) data concerning the clinical features associated with enteropathogen-specific infections and destination-specific risk behaviors. Understanding these factors would allow travel medicine providers to tailor interventions to patients' risk profiles and travel destination. To characterize TD etiology, evaluate region-specific TD risk factors, and examine relationships between preventive recommendations and risk-taking behaviors among medium- to long-term travelers' from high-income countries, we conducted this case-case analysis using 7 years of prospective surveillance data from adult travelers' presenting with TD to a physician in Cusco...
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143519/severe-malaria-in-europe-an-8-year-multi-centre-observational-study
#7
Florian Kurth, Michel Develoux, Matthieu Mechain, Denis Malvy, Jan Clerinx, Spinello Antinori, Ida E Gjørup, Joaquím Gascon, Kristine Mørch, Emanuele Nicastri, Michael Ramharter, Alessandro Bartoloni, Leo Visser, Thierry Rolling, Philipp Zanger, Guido Calleri, Joaquín Salas-Coronas, Henrik Nielsen, Gudrun Just-Nübling, Andreas Neumayr, Anna Hachfeld, Matthias L Schmid, Pietro Antonini, Tilman Lingscheid, Peter Kern, Annette Kapaun, José Saraiva da Cunha, Peter Pongratz, Antoni Soriano-Arandes, Mirjam Schunk, Norbert Suttorp, Christoph Hatz, Thomas Zoller
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains one of the most serious infections for travellers to tropical countries. Due to the lack of harmonized guidelines a large variety of treatment regimens is used in Europe to treat severe malaria. METHODS: The European Network for Tropical Medicine and Travel Health (TropNet) conducted an 8-year, multicentre, observational study to analyse epidemiology, treatment practices and outcomes of severe malaria in its member sites across Europe...
January 31, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130001/dried-blood-spot-sampling-in-psychiatry-perspectives-for-improving-therapeutic-drug-monitoring
#8
REVIEW
Lisa C Martial, Rob E Aarnoutse, Martina Mulder, Arnt Schellekens, Roger J M Brüggemann, David M Burger, Aart H Schene, Albert Batalla
Assessment of drug concentrations is indicated to guide dosing of a selected number of drugs used in psychiatry. Conventionally this is done by vena puncture. Novel sampling strategies such as dried blood spot (DBS) sampling have been developed for various drugs, including antipsychotics, antidepressants and mood-stabilizers. DBS sampling is typically performed by means of a finger prick. This method allows for remote sampling, which means that patients are not required to travel to a health care facility. The number of DBS assays for drugs used in psychiatry has increased over the last decade and includes antidepressants (tricyclic and serotonin and/or norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors), mood stabilizers and first- and second-generation antipsychotics...
January 24, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123275/role-of-forensic-odontology-in-the-indian-armed-forces-an-unexplored-arena
#9
REVIEW
Karandeep Singh Arora, Prabhpreet Kaur
Forensic odontology (FO) is a branch of forensic medicine that in the interest of justice deals with proper handling and examination of dental evidence. Teeth can survive in most conditions encountered at death and during decomposition, even when the body is exposed to extreme forces and/or temperatures. FO is being practiced worldwide since 1775, after which it has not only become an integral part of the judicial system of the developed countries but also been adopted by the armed forces and investigative agencies of these countries...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116032/the-cost-and-burden-of-the-residency-match-in-emergency-medicine
#10
Aaron M Blackshaw, Simon C Watson, Jeffrey S Bush
INTRODUCTION: To obtain a residency match, medical students entering emergency medicine (EM) must complete away rotations, submit a number of lengthy applications, and travel to multiple programs to interview. The expenses incurred acquiring this residency position are burdensome, but there is little specialty-specific data estimating it. We sought to quantify the actual cost spent by medical students applying to EM residency programs by surveying students as they attended a residency interview...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099046/death-notification-someone-needs-to-call-the-family
#11
Rachel Ombres, Lauren Montemorano, Daniel Becker
BACKGROUND: The death notification process can affect family grief and bereavement. It can also affect the well-being of involved physicians. There is no standardized process for making death notification phone calls. We assumed that residents are likely to be unprepared before and troubled after. OBJECTIVE: We investigated current death notification practices to develop an evidence-based template for standardizing this process. DESIGN: We used results of a literature review and open-ended interviews with faculty, residents, and widows to develop a survey regarding resident training and experience in death notification by phone...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097687/requirements-for-accurate-estimation-of-anisotropic-material-parameters-by-magnetic-resonance-elastography-a-computational-study
#12
D J Tweten, R J Okamoto, P V Bayly
PURPOSE: To establish the essential requirements for characterization of a transversely isotropic material by magnetic resonance elastography (MRE). THEORY AND METHODS: Three methods for characterizing nearly incompressible, transversely isotropic (ITI) materials were used to analyze data from closed-form expressions for traveling waves, finite-element (FE) simulations of waves in homogeneous ITI material, and FE simulations of waves in heterogeneous material. Key properties are the complex shear modulus μ2 , shear anisotropy ϕ=μ1/μ2-1, and tensile anisotropy ζ=E1/E2-1...
January 17, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097674/monte-carlo-simulations-of-ceiling-scatter-in-nuclear-medicine-99m-tc-131-i-and-18-f
#13
Roald S Schnerr, Anouk N de Jong, Guillaume Landry, Cécile R L P N Jeukens, Roel Wierts
PURPOSE: In the design of nuclear medicine treatment and examination rooms, an important consideration is the shielding required for ionizing radiation from the radioactive isotopes used. The shielding in the walls is normally limited to a height lower than the actual ceiling height. The direct radiation, possibly with build-up correction, can be calculated relatively easily. However, little data is available to estimate the dose contribution from ionizing radiation traveling over the wall shielding and scattering off the ceiling...
January 18, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077609/travellers-and-influenza-risks-and-prevention
#14
REVIEW
M Goeijenbier, P van Genderen, B J Ward, A Wilder-Smith, R Steffen, A D M E Osterhaus
BACKGROUND: Influenza viruses are among the major causes of serious human respiratory tract infection worldwide. In line with the high disease burden attributable to influenza, these viruses play an important, but often neglected, role in travel medicine. Guidelines and recommendations regarding prevention and management of influenza in travellers are scarce. Of special interest for travel medicine are risk populations and also circumstances that facilitate influenza virus transmission and spread, like travel by airplane or cruise ship and mass gatherings...
January 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068904/long-term-kinetics-of-zika-virus-rna-and-antibodies-in-body-fluids-of-a-vasectomized-traveller-returning-from-martinique-a-case-report
#15
Guenter Froeschl, Kristina Huber, Frank von Sonnenburg, Hans-Dieter Nothdurft, Gisela Bretzel, Michael Hoelscher, Lothar Zoeller, Matthias Trottmann, Francisco Pan-Montojo, Gerhard Dobler, Silke Woelfel
BACKGROUND: The magnitude of the current Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic has led to a declaration of a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the WHO. Findings of viable viral particles in semen for several weeks are corroborating reports of sexual transmission of ZIKV. Serious consequences of a positive diagnostic result particularly in the pregnant patient are calling for precise diagnostic tools also at later time points after infection. Currently, recommendations suggest a diagnostic period of direct viral detection of 5 to 7 days after onset of symptoms in serum or plasma, and up to 3 weeks in urine samples...
January 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061894/reasons-why-specialist-doctors-undertake-rural-outreach-services-an-australian-cross-sectional-study
#16
Belinda G O'Sullivan, Matthew R McGrail, Johannes U Stoelwinder
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study is to explore the reasons why specialist doctors travel to provide regular rural outreach services, and whether reasons relate to (1) salaried or private fee-for-service practice and (2) providing rural outreach services in more remote locations. METHODS: A national cross-sectional study of specialist doctors from the Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) survey in 2014 was implemented. Specialists providing rural outreach services self-reported on a 5-point scale their level of agreement with five reasons for participating...
January 7, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048806/su-g-iep4-05-experience-with-a-practical-approach-to-the-release-of-radioactive-patients-from-radiation-safety-isolation
#17
R Wendt, W Erwin, A Fisher, S Jones, S Jimenez, F Wong, A Jessop
PURPOSE: The radioactive patient releases of the nuclear medicine department in a large cancer center were analyzed to compare the estimated doses to others to the regulatory limit and institutional targets and to gauge how onerous the patients' instructions were. METHODS: In-house software that implements the NUREG 1556 approach and further considers fellow travelers, children and pregnant women and members of the public following Siegel, et al., is used to calculate release timing and to provide patients with individualized instructions...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038492/the-andreas-vesalius-woodblocks-a-four-hundred-year-journey-from-creation-to-destruction
#18
Stephen N Joffe, Veronica Buchanan
The purpose of this study was to trace the history of woodblocks created in 1542 by Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564). Carved by the Venetian workmen on pear tree boards, the woodblocks were used in the Basel printing of Vesalius' works De Humani Corporis Fabrica and Epitome from 1543, The China Root Epistle (1546), and the frontispiece of the Fabrica, the edition from 1555. The blocks remained with the printer Oporinus in Basel until his death in 1568 when they were sold to the Froben family. The woodblocks reappeared in 1706 in a publication by Maschenbauer and were subsequently used by Leveling in 1783...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032738/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-imported-eosinophilia-in-travellers-and-immigrants-recommendations-of-the-spanish-society-of-tropical-medicine-and-international-health-semtsi
#19
J Salas-Coronas, G Ramírez-Olivencia, J L Pérez-Arellano, M Belhassen-García, C Carranza-Rodríguez, M García-Rodríguez, J Villar-Garcia, B Treviño-Maruri, N Serre-Delcor, R López-Vélez, F Norman, J Gómez-Junyent, M J Soriano-Pérez, G Rojo-Marcos, E Rodríguez de Las Parras, M M Lago-Núñez, A Muro, J Muñoz
According to published data, prevalence of imported eosinophilia among travellers and immigrants is set between 8% and 28.5%. Etiological diagnosis is often troublesome, and depending on the depth of the study and on the population analyzed, a parasitic cause is identified in 17% to 75.9% of the individuals. Among the difficulties encountered to compare studies are the heterogeneity of the studied populations, the type of data collection (prospective/retrospective) and different diagnostic protocols. In this document the recommendations of the expert group of the Spanish Society of Tropical Medicine and International Health (SEMTSI) for the diagnosis and treatment of imported eosinophilia are detailed...
December 29, 2016: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032167/facing-the-worst-risk-confronting-the-dorsal-nasal-artery-implication-for-non-surgical-procedures-of-nasal-augmentation
#20
Tanvaa Tansatit, Prawit Apinuntrum, Thavorn Phetudom
BACKGROUND: The nose is a dangerous site for filler injection. This study investigated the anatomy of the dorsal nasal artery at the upper part of the nose to clarify how ocular complications occur. METHODS: Dissections were performed in 50 noses of the embalmed cadavers. Either the soft embalming or formaldehyde embalming processes were used. RESULTS: The dorsal nasal artery is not a constant artery. The artery traveled in the subcutaneous tissue layer of the nasal dorsum on the transverse nasalis muscle and its midline nasal aponeurosis which connected the muscles on both sides...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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