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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077609/travellers-and-influenza-risks-and-prevention
#1
REVIEW
M Goeijenbier, P van Genderen, B J Ward, A Wilder-Smith, R Steffen, A D M E Osterhaus
BACKGROUND: Influenza viruses are among the major causes of serious human respiratory tract infection worldwide. In line with the high disease burden attributable to influenza, these viruses play an important, but often neglected, role in travel medicine. Guidelines and recommendations regarding prevention and management of influenza in travellers are scarce. Of special interest for travel medicine are risk populations and also circumstances that facilitate influenza virus transmission and spread, like travel by airplane or cruise ship and mass gatherings...
January 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068904/long-term-kinetics-of-zika-virus-rna-and-antibodies-in-body-fluids-of-a-vasectomized-traveller-returning-from-martinique-a-case-report
#2
Guenter Froeschl, Kristina Huber, Frank von Sonnenburg, Hans-Dieter Nothdurft, Gisela Bretzel, Michael Hoelscher, Lothar Zoeller, Matthias Trottmann, Francisco Pan-Montojo, Gerhard Dobler, Silke Woelfel
BACKGROUND: The magnitude of the current Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic has led to a declaration of a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the WHO. Findings of viable viral particles in semen for several weeks are corroborating reports of sexual transmission of ZIKV. Serious consequences of a positive diagnostic result particularly in the pregnant patient are calling for precise diagnostic tools also at later time points after infection. Currently, recommendations suggest a diagnostic period of direct viral detection of 5 to 7 days after onset of symptoms in serum or plasma, and up to 3 weeks in urine samples...
January 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061894/reasons-why-specialist-doctors-undertake-rural-outreach-services-an-australian-cross-sectional-study
#3
Belinda G O'Sullivan, Matthew R McGrail, Johannes U Stoelwinder
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study is to explore the reasons why specialist doctors travel to provide regular rural outreach services, and whether reasons relate to (1) salaried or private fee-for-service practice and (2) providing rural outreach services in more remote locations. METHODS: A national cross-sectional study of specialist doctors from the Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) survey in 2014 was implemented. Specialists providing rural outreach services self-reported on a 5-point scale their level of agreement with five reasons for participating...
January 7, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048806/su-g-iep4-05-experience-with-a-practical-approach-to-the-release-of-radioactive-patients-from-radiation-safety-isolation
#4
R Wendt, W Erwin, A Fisher, S Jones, S Jimenez, F Wong, A Jessop
PURPOSE: The radioactive patient releases of the nuclear medicine department in a large cancer center were analyzed to compare the estimated doses to others to the regulatory limit and institutional targets and to gauge how onerous the patients' instructions were. METHODS: In-house software that implements the NUREG 1556 approach and further considers fellow travelers, children and pregnant women and members of the public following Siegel, et al., is used to calculate release timing and to provide patients with individualized instructions...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038492/the-andreas-vesalius-woodblocks-a-four-hundred-year-journey-from-creation-to-destruction
#5
Stephen N Joffe, Veronica Buchanan
The purpose of this study was to trace the history of woodblocks created in 1542 by Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564). Carved by the Venetian workmen on pear tree boards, the woodblocks were used in the Basel printing of Vesalius' works De Humani Corporis Fabrica and Epitome from 1543, The China Root Epistle (1546), and the frontispiece of the Fabrica, the edition from 1555. The blocks remained with the printer Oporinus in Basel until his death in 1568 when they were sold to the Froben family. The woodblocks reappeared in 1706 in a publication by Maschenbauer and were subsequently used by Leveling in 1783...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032738/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-imported-eosinophilia-in-travellers-and-immigrants-recommendations-of-the-spanish-society-of-tropical-medicine-and-international-health-semtsi
#6
J Salas-Coronas, G Ramírez-Olivencia, J L Pérez-Arellano, M Belhassen-García, C Carranza-Rodríguez, M García-Rodríguez, J Villar-Garcia, B Treviño-Maruri, N Serre-Delcor, R López-Vélez, F Norman, J Gómez-Junyent, M J Soriano-Pérez, G Rojo-Marcos, E Rodríguez de Las Parras, M M Lago-Núñez, A Muro, J Muñoz
According to published data, prevalence of imported eosinophilia among travellers and immigrants is set between 8% and 28.5%. Etiological diagnosis is often troublesome, and depending on the depth of the study and on the population analyzed, a parasitic cause is identified in 17% to 75.9% of the individuals. Among the difficulties encountered to compare studies are the heterogeneity of the studied populations, the type of data collection (prospective/retrospective) and different diagnostic protocols. In this document the recommendations of the expert group of the Spanish Society of Tropical Medicine and International Health (SEMTSI) for the diagnosis and treatment of imported eosinophilia are detailed...
December 29, 2016: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032167/facing-the-worst-risk-confronting-the-dorsal-nasal-artery-implication-for-non-surgical-procedures-of-nasal-augmentation
#7
Tanvaa Tansatit, Prawit Apinuntrum, Thavorn Phetudom
BACKGROUND: The nose is a dangerous site for filler injection. This study investigated the anatomy of the dorsal nasal artery at the upper part of the nose to clarify how ocular complications occur. METHODS: Dissections were performed in 50 noses of the embalmed cadavers. Either the soft embalming or formaldehyde embalming processes were used. RESULTS: The dorsal nasal artery is not a constant artery. The artery traveled in the subcutaneous tissue layer of the nasal dorsum on the transverse nasalis muscle and its midline nasal aponeurosis which connected the muscles on both sides...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019021/multiparametric-estimation-of-brain-hemodynamics-with-mr-fingerprinting-asl
#8
Pan Su, Deng Mao, Peiying Liu, Yang Li, Marco C Pinho, Babu G Welch, Hanzhang Lu
PURPOSE: Assessment of brain hemodynamics without exogenous contrast agents is of increasing importance in clinical applications. This study aims to develop an MR perfusion technique that can provide noncontrast and multiparametric estimation of hemodynamic markers. METHODS: We devised an arterial spin labeling (ASL) method based on the principle of MR fingerprinting (MRF), referred to as MRF-ASL. By taking advantage of the rich information contained in MRF sequence, up to seven hemodynamic parameters can be estimated concomitantly...
December 26, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018555/teaching-the-boogie-woogie-rather-than-99-a-reflection-on-how-words-travel-in-medicine
#9
Anna Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018543/residency-applicant-preferences-of-online-systems-for-scheduling-interviews
#10
H Gene Hern, Charlotte P Wills, Harrison J Alter, Steven H Bowman, Boyd D Burns, Joshua Loyd, Jeffrey I Schneider, Lalena M Yarris
BACKGROUND : Residency applicants often have difficulty coordinating interviews with multiple programs. An online scheduling system might improve this process. OBJECTIVE : The authors sought to determine applicant mean time to schedule interviews and satisfaction using online scheduling compared with manual scheduling. METHODS : An electronic survey was sent to US graduates applying to any of 6 emergency medicine programs in the 2014-2015 application cycle...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007768/toward-precision-and-reproducibility-of-diffusion-tensor-imaging-a-multicenter-diffusion-phantom-and-traveling-volunteer-study
#11
E M Palacios, A J Martin, M A Boss, F Ezekiel, Y S Chang, E L Yuh, M J Vassar, D M Schnyer, C L MacDonald, K L Crawford, A Irimia, A W Toga, P Mukherjee
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Precision medicine is an approach to disease diagnosis, treatment, and prevention that relies on quantitative biomarkers that minimize the variability of individual patient measurements. The aim of this study was to assess the intersite variability after harmonization of a high-angular-resolution 3T diffusion tensor imaging protocol across 13 scanners at the 11 academic medical centers participating in the Transforming Research and Clinical Knowledge in Traumatic Brain Injury multisite study...
December 22, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992051/travel-and-professional-networks-in-the-origins-of-spanish-psychiatry
#12
Enric J Novella
This article examines the importance of travel and professional networks in the origins of Spanish psychiatry. After reviewing the early alienists' Enlightenment predecessors and their therapeutic and professional trajectories, it describes the trips to foreign psychiatric institutions made during the second third of the nineteenth century by a group of exiled Spanish doctors, commissioners and pioneers. Later, as they became more socially, institutionally and professionally established, some figures of Spanish psychological medicine cultivated their connections and international profile by organizing or attending conferences and other scientific events...
October 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990264/creating-a-driving-profile-for-older-adults-using-gps-devices-and-naturalistic-driving-methodology
#13
Ganesh M Babulal, Cindy M Traub, Mollie Webb, Sarah H Stout, Aaron Addison, David B Carr, Brian R Ott, John C Morris, Catherine M Roe
Background/Objectives: Road tests and driving simulators are most commonly used in research studies and clinical evaluations of older drivers. We adapted an existing, commercial, off-the-shelf, in-vehicle device for naturalistic, longitudinal research to better understand daily driving behavior in older drivers. Design: The Azuga G2 Tracking Device (TM) was installed in each participant's vehicle, and we collected data over 5 months (speed, latitude/longitude) every 30-seconds when the vehicle was driven.  Setting: The Knight Alzheimer's Disease Research Center at Washington University School of Medicine...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986555/serological-approaches-for-the-diagnosis-of-schistosomiasis-a-review
#14
Rebecca Hinz, Norbert Georg Schwarz, Andreas Hahn, Hagen Frickmann
Schistosomiasis is a common disease in endemic areas of Sub-Saharan Africa, South America and Asia. It is rare in Europe, mainly imported from endemic countries due to travelling or immigration. Available methods for the diagnosis of schistosomiasis comprise microscopical, molecular and serological approaches, with the latter detecting antigens or antibodies associated with Schistosoma spp. infection. The serological approach is a valuable screening tool in low-endemicity settings and for travel medicine, though the interpretation of any diagnostic results requires knowledge of test characteristics and the patient's history...
December 13, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Probes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984029/geographic-variation-in-outpatient-health-care-service-utilization-after-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Nathaniel Bell, Tsion Kidanie, Bo Cai, James S Krause
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether travel distances between patients and providers predict the frequency in which outpatient health care services are accessed after spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was carried out in South Carolina among employee health plan and Medicaid insurance recipients. SETTING: Research center. PARTICIPANTS: Two years of outpatient claimant data were evaluated from patients (N=243) aged ≥18 years who were hospitalized between 2010 and 2012...
October 27, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974940/orientation-to-the-patient-as-a-marketing-strategy-in-the-romanian-healthcare-system
#16
Coculescu Bi, Coculescu Ec, Purcărea Vl
In the context of the European political and socio-economic changes of the early 90s, health care reform in Romania has become inevitable, both for patients and for health professionals in the system. The first stage of the health care reform in Romania is focused on decentralization and improving primary health care. The Romanian medical system is currently in the process of changing the mentality, which requires time, patience, and perseverance, despite the unforeseeable or resistance inevitably faced. It is a commonly known and recognized fact that in this painful period of transition, Romanian medicine, like other fields too, has traveled a winding road, with obstacles (medical malpractices, scandals in the press related to the misappropriation of funds or underfunding of the public health system, etc...
July 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956921/factors-affecting-recruitment-and-attrition-in-randomised-controlled-trials-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-for-pregnancy-related-issues
#17
Ciara Close, Marlene Sinclair, Julie E M McCullough, Sarah Dianne Liddle, Ciara M Hughes
Background. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) investigating Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) for pregnancy-related issues have encountered issues with recruitment and attrition. Little is known about the cause of these issues. Methods. Data was gathered from an antenatal CAM randomised controlled trial. During foetal anomaly appointments, women meeting inclusion criteria were invited to participate in the trial. Numbers of women invited and eligible were recorded. Reasons for noninterest were noted and analysed...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920089/world-endometriosis-society-consensus-on-the-classification-of-endometriosis
#18
Neil P Johnson, Lone Hummelshoj, G David Adamson, Jörg Keckstein, Hugh S Taylor, Mauricio S Abrao, Deborah Bush, Ludwig Kiesel, Rulla Tamimi, Kathy L Sharpe-Timms, Luk Rombauts, Linda C Giudice
STUDY QUESTION: What is the global consensus on the classification of endometriosis that considers the views of women with endometriosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: We have produced an international consensus statement on the classification of endometriosis through systematic appraisal of evidence and a consensus process that included representatives of national and international, medical and non-medical societies, patient organizations, and companies with an interest in endometriosis...
December 5, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915000/drug-resistant-pathogens-and-travel-no-road-map-but-a-new-initiative-from-travel-medicine-and-infectious-disease
#19
EDITORIAL
Patricia Schlagenhauf, Philippe Gautret, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales, Michael E Jones, Stephen Toovey, Eskild Petersen, Lin H Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902502/zika-virus-and-patient-blood-management
#20
Lawrence T Goodnough, Marisa B Marques
Sporadic Zika virus infections had only occurred in Africa and Asia until an outbreak in Micronesia (Oceania) in 2007. In 2013 to 2014, several outer Pacific Islands reported local outbreaks. Soon thereafter, the virus was likely introduced in Brazil from competing athletes from French Polynesia and other countries that participated in a competition there. Transmission is thought to have occurred through mosquito bites and spread to the immunologically naive population. Being also a flavivirus, the Zika virus is transmitted by the Aedes mosquito that is endemic in South and Central America that is also the vector of West Nile virus, dengue, and chikungunya...
January 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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