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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808784/the-history-of-optic-chiasm-from-antiquity-to-the-twentieth-century
#1
REVIEW
Claudia Florida Costea, Şerban Turliuc, Cătălin Buzdugă, Andrei Ionuţ Cucu, Gabriela Florenţa Dumitrescu, Anca Sava, Mihaela Dana Turliuc
PURPOSE: The optic chiasm is an essential structure located at the skull base that stirred over time the curiosity of anatomists, who became more and more interested in its structure and function. Through centuries, the optic chiasm was viewed as a vessel crossing, a way of transporting tears secreted by the brain to the eye, integrating images, or responsible for coordinated eye movements. The paper aims to overview the history of understanding the optic chiasm from the beginnings of antiquity to the twentieth century...
August 14, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802231/phytochemical-properties-and-pharmacological-effects-of-quercus-ilex-l-aqueous-extract-on-gastrointestinal-physiological-parameters-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#2
Kaïs Rtibi, Imen Hammami, Slimen Selmi, Dhekra Grami, Hichem Sebai, Mohamed Amri, Lamjed Marzouki
INTRODUCTION: Several research studies have reported on the pharmacological relevance of the medicinal plants used for treating various gastrointestinal disorders and controlling the dietary glucose uptake in the intestinal tract. METHODS: Male rats were used to investigate the pharmacological effects of green oak acorn aqueous extract (GOAE) on gastrointestinal physiological parameters in vivo and in vitro. In this respect, the gastro-intestinal motility and hypersecretion essays were evaluated using a simple test meal (10% charcoal in 5% gum arabic) and castor oil induced diarrhea...
August 9, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767266/paul-langerhans-a-prilgrim-traveling-from-functional-histology-to-marine-biology
#3
REVIEW
Marius Raica, Anca Maria Cimpean
The nineteenth century was the time of a real revolution in science and medicine. A lot of seminal discoveries in medicine and biology were done in this time, and many of them were coincident with the introduction of the compound microscope by Hermann van Deijl and the standard histological technique by Paul Ehrlich. The main tissue types and individual cells were characterized and originally classified more than hundred years ago, although less attention was paid to their basic functions. This was mainly due to the modality of tissue specimen processing that allowed particularly detailed descriptive studies...
June 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733254/pre-travel-advice-at-a-crossroad-medical-preparedness-of-travellers-to-south-and-southeast-asia-the-hamburg-airport-survey
#4
Thierry Rolling, Melina Mühlenpfordt, Marylyn M Addo, Jakob P Cramer, Christof D Vinnemeier
BACKGROUND: Specific travel-related recommendations exist for the prevention or self-treatment of infectious diseases contracted by travellers to the tropics. In the current study, we assessed the medical preparedness per these recommendations, focusing on whether travellers carried antidiarrheal and antimalarial medication with them stratified by type of pre-travel advice. METHODS: We surveyed travellers departing from Hamburg International Airport to South or Southeast Asia, using a questionnaire on demographic, medical and travel characteristics...
July 18, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730149/review-of-antibiotic-resistance-in-the-indian-ocean-commission-a-human-and-animal-health-issue
#5
REVIEW
Noellie Gay, Olivier Belmonte, Jean-Marc Collard, Mohamed Halifa, Mohammad Iqbal Issack, Saindou Mindjae, Philippe Palmyre, Abdul Aziz Ibrahim, Harena Rasamoelina, Loïc Flachet, Laurent Filleul, Eric Cardinale
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major threat to human, animal health, and environment worldwide. For human, transmission occurred through a variety of routes both in health-care settings and community. In animals, AMR was reported in livestock, pets, and wildlife; transmission of AMR can be zoonotic with the probably most important route being foodborne transmission. The Indian Ocean Commission (IOC), composed of Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion (France), and Seychelles recognized the surveillance of AMR in both animal and human as a main public health priority for the region...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728595/malaria-after-international-travel-a-geosentinel-analysis-2003-2016
#6
Kristina M Angelo, Michael Libman, Eric Caumes, Davidson H Hamer, Kevin C Kain, Karin Leder, Martin P Grobusch, Stefan H Hagmann, Phyllis Kozarsky, David G Lalloo, Poh-Lian Lim, Calvin Patimeteeporn, Philippe Gautret, Silvia Odolini, François Chappuis, Douglas H Esposito
BACKGROUND: More than 30,000 malaria cases are reported annually among international travellers. Despite improvements in malaria control, malaria continues to threaten travellers due to inaccurate perception of risk and sub-optimal pre-travel preparation. METHODS: Records with a confirmed malaria diagnosis after travel from January 2003 to July 2016 were obtained from GeoSentinel, a global surveillance network of travel and tropical medicine providers that monitors travel-related morbidity...
July 20, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722637/schistosomiasis-in-european-travelers-and-migrants-analysis-of-14-years-tropnet-surveillance-data
#7
Tilman Lingscheid, Florian Kurth, Jan Clerinx, Stefania Marocco, Begoña Trevino, Mirjam Schunk, José Muñoz, Ida E Gjørup, Tomas Jelinek, Michel Develoux, Graham Fry, Thomas Jänisch, Matthias L Schmid, Olivier Bouchaud, Sabino Puente, Lorenzo Zammarchi, Kristine Mørch, Anders Björkman, Heli Siikamäki, Andreas Neumayr, Henrik Nielsen, Urban Hellgren, Malgorzata Paul, Guido Calleri, Pavel Kosina, Bjørn Myrvang, José M Ramos, Gudrun Just-Nübling, Anna Beltrame, José Saraiva da Cunha, Peter Kern, Laurence Rochat, August Stich, Peter Pongratz, Martin P Grobusch, Norbert Suttorp, Martin Witzenrath, Christoph Hatz, Thomas Zoller, TropNet Schistosomiasis Investigator Group
Schistosomiasis remains one of the most prevalent parasitic diseases worldwide and the infection is frequently found in travelers and migrants. The European Network for Tropical Medicine and Travel Health conducted a sentinel surveillance study on imported schistosomiasis between 1997 and 2010. This report summarizes epidemiological and clinical data from 1,465 cases of imported schistosomiasis. Direct pathogen detection and serology were the main diagnostic tools applied. Of these, 486 (33%) cases were identified among European travelers, 231 (16%) among long-term expatriates, and 748 (51%) among non-European immigrants...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722593/the-benjamin-h-kean-travel-fellowship-in-tropical-medicine-assessment-of-impact-at-15-years
#8
Aubri S Carman, Chandy C John
The Benjamin H. Kean Fellowship in Tropical Medicine is an American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene initiative that provides medical students with funding for international clinical or research experiences lasting at least 1 month. Of the 175 Kean fellows from 1998 to 2013, 140 had current available e-mails, and 70 of the 140 (50%) responded to a survey about their fellowship experience. Alumni indicated that the Kean Fellowship had a high impact on their career plans with regard to preparation for (N = 65, 94...
June 26, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705204/delay-along-the-care-seeking-journey-of-patients-with-ocular-surface-squamous-neoplasia-in-kenya
#9
Stephen Gichuhi, Joy Kabiru, Alain M'bongo Zindamoyen, Hillary Rono, Ernest Ollando, Joseph Wachira, Rhoda Munene, Timothy Onyuma, Mandeep S Sagoo, David Macleod, Helen A Weiss, Matthew J Burton
BACKGROUND: In Africa, accessing eye health services is a major challenge. Ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) is a substantial ocular health problem in Africa related to solar UV light exposure and HIV infection among other risk factors. The disease causes visual loss and even death in advanced cases. This study was conducted to assess referral pathway and treatment delay for patients with OSSN in Kenya. METHODS: Adults with conjunctival lesions presenting to four eye centres were asked about their occupations, when they noticed the growth, health facilities visited in seeking care, cost of consultation, surgery, medicines and histopathology and dates at each step...
July 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702980/a-short-novel-about-the-spread-of-two-important-diseases-in-history-syphilis-and-sars
#10
M Rovesti, F Satolli, A Zucchi, M Gandolfi, M Fioranelli, M G Roccia, M Boccalari, K França, J Lotti, N Zerbinati, T Lotti, C Feliciani
Throughout the centuries, the undefended nature of man has very often manifested in cases of epidemics, which have determined scenarios of suffering and death. Through “historical” observation lens, it is possible to understand the relationship between the spread of viruses, bacteria and parasites responsible for these epidemics and the displacement of ancient or contemporary travellers. We have analysed two infective diseases, syphilis and SARS, and their role in history and in medicine.
July 13, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697313/rifamycin-sv-mmx-for-the-treatment-of-traveler-s-diarrhea
#11
Shu-Wen Lin, Chun-Jung Lin, Jyh-Chin Yang
Rifamycin SV MMX®, a non-absorbable rifamycin antibiotic formulated using the multi-matrix system, was designed to exhibit its pharmacological action on the distal small intestine and colon. Its clinical efficacy and safety profile in the treatment of traveler's diarrhea were evaluated in several clinical studies. Areas covered: This review summarizes all available evidence regarding clinical trials of the efficacy and safety profile of rifamycin SV MMX for the treatment of traveler's diarrhea. Expert opinion: Rifamycin SV MMX demonstrated an excellent pharmacokinetic profile with decreased systemic toxicity similar to rifaximin...
July 27, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695835/the-concept-of-travel-medicine-and-the-actual-situation-of-travel-related-illnesses
#12
Varol Tunalı, Nevin Turgay
Travel medicine defines all diseases and medical situations that are related to travel. Travel medicine comprises infectious diseases, traumas, altitude sickness, sun burns, embolisms, jet lag, and many more travel-related situations. With the increasing possibility and ease of travel, the number of people who have travelled internationally has exceeded 1.13 billion in 2014, and the revenues of international travel have exceeded 1.25 trillion dollars. With every passing day, international travels are shifting toward the developing countries and to more exotic regions of the world, and travelers tend to be more adventurous and daring, thereby increasing risky behaviors during travels...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670212/native-voices-native-peoples-concepts-of-health-and-illness-in-new-mexico-opening-a-local-conversation-by-hosting-a-national-traveling-exhibit
#13
Patricia V Bradley, Laura J Hall, Gale G Hannigan, Frederick B Wood
BACKGROUND: The University of New Mexico Health Sciences Library and Informatics Center hosted the National Library of Medicine's Native Voices: Native Peoples' Concepts of Health and Illness traveling exhibit. The authors' goal was to promote local interest in the Native Voices exhibit, with an emphasis on making the exhibit content and materials available to American Indian communities throughout rural New Mexico. CASE PRESENTATION: We convened a daylong summit to highlight the exhibit and encourage discussion among 30 American Indian community health educators...
July 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665561/-the-travelling-sports-physician
#14
Peter Jenoure
Travelling around your own country or even further abroad with a sports team or individual athletes as a sports physician is to be considered as a fundamental part of the various activities of a sports medicine practitioner.However, in our modern and quickly changing world, it is imperative to understand the different aspects of caring for athletes, also the legal ones. These may include licensing issues, malpractice coverage, access to care at outside institutions and prescribing and transporting medication of all sorts, including narcotics and substances of the list of prohibited ones (doping)...
July 13, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654740/evaluation-of-knowledge-and-use-of-the-malaria-prevention-measures-among-the-patients-of-the-department-of-tropical-and-parasitic-diseases-university-center-of-maritime-and-tropical-medicine-gdynia-based-on-a-questionnaire-performed-in-the-years-2012-20
#15
Anna Kuna, Michał Gajewski, Joanna Stańczak
INTRODUCTION: Every year, approximately 125 million travelers visit areas where malaria prevails, located in over 100 countries. Over 10,000 of them suffer from malaria annually. Visitors to these areas may protect themselves against infection by using chemoprophylaxis, insect repellents, appropriate clothing, sleeping in airconditioned and well-screened quarters or using mosquito nets impregnated with insecticides. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to gather and analyze the data about knowledge and usage of pharmacological and non-pharmacological malaria prevention methods among the patients of the University Centre for Maritime and Tropical Medicine (UCMMiT), Gdynia, Poland, in 2012-2013...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646964/global-advocacy-needed-for-sepsis-in-children
#16
Sagar Dugani, Niranjan Kissoon
Sepsis in children is a complex syndrome that develops from various infections and results in 15-30% mortality in high-income countries and up to 50% or higher in low-income countries. Worldwide, this represents an annual burden of 30 million cases resulting in 8 million deaths. Not surprisingly, there is a significantly higher burden in low-income countries with children there being 18 times more likely to die before the age of 5 years compared to high-income countries. Factors such as commercial air travel, climate change, and unchecked population growth have contributed to the growing burden of infectious diseases and ensuing sepsis...
June 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645459/-hotline-for-zika-virus-experience-of-a-tropical-and-travel-medicine-unit
#17
Marta Díaz-Menéndez, Fernando de la Calle-Prieto, Marta Arsuaga, Elena Trigo, Concepción Ladrón de Guevara, Pablo Barreiro, Clara Crespillo, Mar Lago
The current outbreak of Zika virus has caused great social alarm, generated in part by the lack of information in the general population. In order to provide accurate and verified information, the Tropical and Travel Medicine Unit of Hospital Carlos III-La Paz (Madrid, Spain) established a hotline for Zika virus infection. We present the data concerning the first 6 months of operation of the telephone hotline. The predominant call profile consisted of women seeking information about the risk of acquiring the disease before travelling...
June 20, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639040/mobile-gastrointestinal-and-endoscopic-surgery-in-rural-ecuador-20%C3%A2-years-experience-of-cinterandes
#18
H T Shalabi, M D Price, S T Shalabi, E B Rodas, A L Vicuña, B Guzhñay, R R Price, E Rodas
INTRODUCTION: Five billion people worldwide do not have timely access to surgical care. Cinterandes is one of the only mobile surgical units in low- and middle-income countries. This paper examines the methodology that Cinterandes uses to deliver mobile surgery. METHODS: Founding and core staff were interviewed, four missions were participated in, and internal documents and records were analysed between 1 May and 1 July 2014. RESULTS: Cinterandes performed 7641 operations over the last 20 years (60% gastrointestinal/laparoscopic), travelling 300,000 km to remote areas of Ecuador...
June 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629958/the-provision-of-prescription-only-medicines-for-use-on-uk-based-overseas-expeditions
#19
James K Moore, Matthew Ladbrook, Larry Goodyer, Jon Dallimore
Expedition teams without accompanying medical professionals traveling overseas from the UK frequently carry medical kits containing prescription-only medicines (POMs). Access to safe, basic POMs whilst on expedition is important, as the quality and availability of medicines in-country may not be acceptable, and delay in treatment may be hazardous. At present, there is no published guidance relating to drug acquisition and administration in these situations. In the UK, a number of different practices are currently in use, with uncertainty and medicolegal concerns currently hampering safe and efficient provision of POMs on overseas expeditions...
June 16, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627855/multiplex-pcr-gastro-intestinal-panels-for-the-management-of-traveller-s-diarrhea-are-they-accurate-and-useful
#20
Laurence Rochat, Antony Croxatto, Serge De Vallière, Valérie D'Acremont, Blaise Genton
Until recently, the search for enteropathogens causing travellers' diarrhea was based on stool culture (Campylobacter spp., Salmonella spp. and Shigella spp.), direct microscopy with (Cryptosporidium spp.) or without specific staining (Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba histolytica) or specific antigen detection (Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba histolytica). Molecular analyses are progressively replacing traditional diagnostic methods but their clinical usefulness remains to be better defined. This article attempts to describe the advantages and disadvantages of these new molecular methods and to illustrate situations where they could be useful using clinical cases frequently encountered in the practice of travel medicine...
May 3, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
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