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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214621/sandfly-fever-in-afghanistan-a-sometimes-overlooked-disease-of-military-importance-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
John W Downs, Daniel T Flood, Nicholas H Orr, Jason A Constantineau, James W Caviness
Sandfly fever, sometimes known as pappataci fever or Phlebotomus fever, is a vector transmitted viral illness with a history of affecting naïve military formations that travel through or fight in areas in which the infection is endemic. We present a series of 4 hospitalized cases of sandfly fever (2 presumptive, 2 laboratory confirmed) that were admitted to a Role 3 hospital in Afghanistan for evaluation and treatment following medical evacuation from a forward area for marked fevers and malaise. Laboratory evaluation of these cases was significant for leukopenia and thrombocytopenia, consistent with historical descriptions of sandfly fever...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203949/simultaneous-wireless-power-transfer-and-data-communication-using-synchronous-pulse-controlled-load-modulation
#2
Shitong Mao, Hao Wang, Chunbo Zhu, Zhi-Hong Mao, Mingui Sun
Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) and wireless data communication are both important problems of research with various applications, especially in medicine. However, these two problems are usually studied separately. In this work, we present a joint study of both problems. Most medical electronic devices, such as smart implants, must have both a power supply to allow continuous operation and a communication link to pass information. Traditionally, separate wireless channels for power transfer and communication are utilized, which complicate the system structure, increase power consumption and make device miniaturization difficult...
October 2017: Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201778/liver-disease-in-sri-lanka
#3
REVIEW
Hasitha S Wijewantha
Liver disease in Sri Lanka is mainly due to alcoholic liver disease and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. In contrast to other South Asian countries, the prevalence of hepatitis B and C is low in Sri Lanka and prevalence of hepatitis A is intermediate. The few reported cases of hepatitis E in Sri Lanka are mainly in people who have traveled to neighboring South Asian countries. Wilson's disease, autoimmune hepatitis, hemochromatosis, drug-induced liver disease, and primary biliary cirrhosis are recognized causes of liver disease in Sri Lanka...
January 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198361/report-of-the-2017-arthroscopy-association-of-north-america-traveling-fellowship-a-fellowship-odyssey
#4
Michael J Alaia, Nathan K Endres, Patrick W Joyner, Christopher J Tucker
It was an honor to be selected to participate in the 2017 Arthroscopy Association of North America Advanced Arthroscopy Traveling Fellowship. This year's group included Michael J. Alaia, M.D., Assistant Professor and Associate Sports Medicine Fellowship Director at NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases; Nathan K. Endres, M.D., Associate Professor at the University of Vermont; LCDR Patrick W. Joyner, M.D., Assistant Professor at Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, and Head Physician East Coast Navy Seals; and LTC Christopher J...
December 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161391/an-overview-of-space-medicine
#5
P D Hodkinson, R A Anderton, B N Posselt, K J Fong
Space medicine is fundamental to the human exploration of space. It supports survival, function and performance in this challenging and potentially lethal environment. It is international, intercultural and interdisciplinary, operating at the boundaries of exploration, science, technology and medicine. Space medicine is also the latest UK specialty to be recognized by the Royal College of Physicians in the UK and the General Medical Council. This review introduces the field of space medicine and describes the different types of spaceflight, environmental challenges, associated medical and physiological effects, and operational medical considerations...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132978/intensive-care-in-severe-malaria-report-from-the-task-force-on-tropical-diseases-by-the-world-federation-of-societies-of-intensive-and-critical-care-medicine
#6
REVIEW
Dilip R Karnad, Mohd Basri Mat Nor, Guy A Richards, Tim Baker, Pravin Amin
Severe malaria is common in tropical countries in Africa, Asia, Oceania and South and Central America. It may also occur in travelers returning from endemic areas. Plasmodium falciparum accounts for most cases, although P vivax is increasingly found to cause severe malaria in Asia. Cerebral malaria is common in children in Africa, manifests as coma and seizures, and has a high morbidity and mortality. In other regions, adults may also develop cerebral malaria but neurological sequelae in survivors are rare...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132255/selected-radiation-safety-aspects-including-transportation-and-lodging-after-outpatient-sup-131-sup-i-therapy-for-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#7
Cristiane Jeyce Gomes-Lima, Di Wu, Pejman H Kharazi, Gauri Khorjekar, Matthew D Ringel, Richard J Vetter, Gary Bloom, Kenneth D Burman, Leonard Wartofsky, Douglas Van Nostrand
BACKGROUND: Whether <sup>131</sup>I treatments for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) should be performed as an outpatient or inpatient remains controversial. The objective of this study was to survey selected aspects of radiation safety of patients treated with <sup>131</sup>I for DTC as an outpatient. METHODS: An e-mail invitation was sent to over 15,000 members of ThyCa: Thyroid Cancer Survivors' Association, Inc. to complete a web-based survey on selected aspects of radiation safety regarding their last outpatient <sup>131</sup>I treatment...
November 13, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129539/leptospirosis-report-from-the-task-force-on-tropical-diseases-by-the-world-federation-of-societies-of-intensive-and-critical-care-medicine
#8
REVIEW
Juan Ignacio Silesky Jiménez, Jorge Luis Hidalgo Marroquin, Guy A Richards, Pravin Amin
Leptospirosis is a zoonosis caused by a gram negative aerobic spirochete of the genus Leptospira. It is acquired by contact with urine or reproductive fluids from infected animals, or by inoculation from contaminated water or soil. The disease has a global distribution, mainly in tropical and subtropical regions that have a humid, rainy climate and is also common in travelers returning from these regions. Clinical suspicion is critical for the diagnosis and it should be included in the differential diagnosis of any patient with a febrile hepatorenal syndrome in, or returning from endemic regions...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123598/ready-or-not-pharmacist-perceptions-of-a-changing-injection-scope-of-practice-before-it-happens
#9
Esther Ai-Leng Foong, David J Edwards, Sherilyn Houle, Kelly A Grindrod
Background: Since 2012, Ontario pharmacists have been authorized to administer the influenza vaccine. In April 2016, the Ontario College of Pharmacists (OCP) proposed to expand the Pharmacy Act to allow pharmacists to vaccinate against 13 additional conditions. The OCP held an online public consultation and invited pharmacists, members of the public and organizations to weigh in on the proposed changes. Our objective was to explore the factors influencing how Ontario pharmacists may adopt or reject an expanding scope of practice, using data from the public consultation...
November 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115370/-febrile-syndromes-in-the-traveler-returning-from-tropical-regions-admitted-in-a-monographic-unit
#10
N Moya Notario, M Hernández-Cabrera, C Carranza-Rodríguez, E Pisos-Álamo, N Jaén-Sánchez, J L Pérez-Arellano
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to analyse those syndromes with fever in travellers who return from tropical regions evaluated at our Department of Infectology and Tropical Medicine. Clarifying these conditions intends to reach earlier diagnoses and, perhaps, to avoid the emergence and spread of imported diseases, as well as to establish appropriate preventive measures. METHODS: An observational descriptive transversal study was performed, selecting those patients who returned from tropical regions with fever, amongst all travellers evaluated in our department between 1998 and 2013...
November 8, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112671/travel-characteristics-and-pretravel-health-care-among-pregnant-or-breastfeeding-u-s-women-preparing-for-international-travel
#11
Stefan H F Hagmann, Sowmya R Rao, Regina C LaRocque, Stefanie Erskine, Emily S Jentes, Allison T Walker, Elizabeth D Barnett, Lin H Chen, Davidson H Hamer, Edward T Ryan
OBJECTIVE: To study characteristics and preventive interventions of adult pregnant and breastfeeding travelers seeking pretravel health care in the United States. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed data (2009-2014) of pregnant and breastfeeding travelers seen at U.S. travel clinics participating in Global TravEpiNet. Nonpregnant, nonbreastfeeding adult female travelers of childbearing age were used for comparison. We evaluated the prescription of malaria chemoprophylaxis and antibiotics for this population as well as the administration of three travel-related vaccines: hepatitis A, typhoid, and yellow fever...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110978/mumps-an-emergency-medicine-focused-update
#12
Chelsea Bockelman, Thomas C Frawley, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Mumps is a Paramyxoviridae virus. This disease was rampant prior to introduction of the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine, resulting in decreased incidence. This disease has demonstrated several outbreaks. OBJECTIVE: This review provides a focused evaluation of mumps, an update on outbreaks, management recommendations, and ways to decrease transmission. DISCUSSION: Clusters of mumps outbreaks continue to occur. The virus is a paramyxovirus, a single-stranded RNA virus...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081226/the-renaissance-scholar-in-academic-medicine-the-road-less-traveled
#13
Kenneth R Kaufman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067921/photokeratitis-induced-by-ultraviolet-radiation-in-travelers-a-major-health-problem
#14
REVIEW
M Izadi, N Jonaidi-Jafari, M Pourazizi, M H Alemzadeh-Ansari, M J Hoseinpourfard
Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation is one of the several environmental hazards that may cause inflammatory reactions in ocular tissues, especially the cornea. One of the important factors that affect how much ultraviolet radiation (UVR) humans are exposed to is travel. Hence, traveling is considered to include a more acute UVR effect, and ophthalmologists frequently evaluate and manage the ocular manifestations of UV irradiation, including UV-induced keratitis. The purpose of this paper is to provide an evidence-based analysis of the clinical effect of UVR in ocular tissues...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063526/malaria-cases-in-switzerland-from-2005-to-2015-and-recent-rise-of-imported-plasmodium-vivax-malaria
#15
Gilles Eperon, Sophie Durieux-Paillard, Anne Mauris, François Chappuis, Nicole Gysin
Reporting cases of malaria to the Federal Office of Public Health has been mandatory in Switzerland since 1974. We analysed notifications of imported confirmed malaria cases between 2005 and 2015 in Switzerland or Liechtenstein. Data for previously visited countries, nationality and reason for travelling were analysed. In contrast with the impressive drop of malaria cases reported worldwide since 2000, we found that the number of malaria cases imported yearly in Switzerland doubled in 2014 and 2015 compared to the average for the preceding decade...
October 24, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058036/the-road-less-traveled-from-genotype-to-phenotype-in-flies-and-humans
#16
Robert R H Anholt, Trudy F C Mackay
Understanding how genomic variation gives rise to phenotypic variation is essential for elucidating mechanisms of adaptive evolution, plant and animal breeding, and precision medicine. However, identifying causal links between DNA sequence variants and variation in phenotypes is challenging in human populations, due to large blocks of linkage disequilibrium in the genome and heterogeneous developmental histories, lifestyles, and social and physical environments. Drosophila melanogaster presents a powerful genetic model, since linkage disequilibrium decays rapidly, facilitating assignment of causality to polymorphisms associated with phenotypic variation, and large numbers of individuals can be reared under defined environmental conditions, economically, and without regulatory restrictions...
October 20, 2017: Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043594/specialty-care-access-network-extension-of-community-healthcare-outcomes-model-program-for-liver-disease-improves-specialty-care-access
#17
Lisa M Glass, Akbar K Waljee, Heather McCurdy, Grace L Su, Anne Sales
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To improve subspecialty access, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System (VAAAHS) implemented the first Specialty Care Access Network (SCAN)-Extension of Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO) in chronic liver disease. SCAN-ECHO Liver links primary care providers (PCPs) to hepatologists via secure video-teleconferencing. We aim to describe characteristics of participants (PCPs) and patients (clinical question and diagnosis) in SCAN-ECHO Liver. METHODS: This is a prospective study of the VAAAHS SCAN-ECHO Liver (June 10, 2011-March 31, 2015)...
December 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026358/medicine-in-society-health-project-five-students-journey-to-a-resource-limited-clinic-in-the-haitian-countryside
#18
Aneesh Gupta, Marie Claire Lamb, John Sisney, Chantel Taylor, Timothy Ziethen, Yvens Laborde
BACKGROUND: Five medical students traveled with 4 doctors and a medical photographer to Mayaya, La Victoire, Haiti, as part of a Medicine in Society rotation to provide medical care to the indigenous population. METHODS: Preparation for the trip involved special study in identifying microbes and using blood analysis equipment; work in a clinic for underserved people in the New Orleans, LA, area; background reading; Haitian dialect classes; and development of ideas for streamlining clinic operations...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021637/physical-frailty-and-fitness-of-older-driver
#19
Maria Helena Lenardt, Clovis Cechinel, Maria Angelica Binotto, Nathalia Hammerschmidt Kolb Carneiro, Tânia Maria Lourenço
AIM: to analyze the association between physical frailty and the results of fitness capacity exams for driving vehicles among elder Brazilians. METHODS: this is a cross sectional study, performed in traffic medicine clinics of the city of Curitiba (Brazil). The data was collected through the physical frailty tests, the use of a structured questionnaire, and searches on the records of the Brazilian National Register of Qualified Drivers.To analyze the information, the authors used descriptive statistics and non-parametrical tests...
June 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975470/infections-of-the-central-nervous-system-in-returning-travelers-and-immigrants
#20
REVIEW
Haley Thompson, Kiran Thakur
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review highlights current knowledge in travel-related neuroinfectious diseases, providing insight on approaches to prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of infections of the central nervous system (CNS) in travelers and immigrants. RECENT FINDINGS: Updates on travel vaccine recommendations including vaccine-specific interactions with immunosuppressive agents, advances in Zika virus and dengue virus vaccine development, new diagnostic criteria for neurocysticercosis, updates on treatment approaches for tuberculosis meningitis...
October 3, 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
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