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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531154/announcing-the-2017-pharmaceuticals-travel-award-for-young-post-doctoral-researchers
#1
EDITORIAL
Jean Jacques Vanden Eynde
Last year, for the first time in its history, our Journal was able to offer a travel grant of 800 CHF to a young researcher in the field of medicinal chemistry.
May 22, 2017: Pharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528955/potential-therapeutic-activity-of-phlogacanthus-thyrsiformis-hardow-mabb-flower-extract-and-its-biofabricated-silver-nanoparticles-against-chemically-induced-urolithiasis-in-male-wistar-rats
#2
Poppy Das, Kiran Kumar, Arunai Nambiraj, Reshma Rajan, Rajendra Awasthi, Kamal Dua, Himaja M
Urolithiasis is a painful disorder in which stones are formed in the kidney, bladder or urethra. There are no proper therapeutic treatments available for kidney stones and people suffering from larger stones have to undergo surgery which has many side effects. A natural remedy with therapeutic effects that can dissipate and remove even the larger stones would eliminate the need of a surgery and the risks associated with it. The flowers of Phlogacanthus thyrsiformis used in culinary recipes in the north eastern India are also widely used as a folklore medicine for the treatment of kidney stones and liver disorders...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509774/the-role-of-the-anaesthesiologist-in-air-ambulance-medicine
#3
Stephen J M Sollid, Marius Rehn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The care administered on air ambulances has become increasing complex. This has led to a discussion among experts as to whether air ambulance travel should be manned by physicians. This review provides evidence in support of anaesthesiologists being the physician-leaders in air ambulance medicine, because of their training in advanced airway management, critical care, and resuscitation. RECENT FINDINGS: Successful prehospital care requires the ability to perform a complex set of advanced diagnostics and interventions...
May 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508980/an-adult-case-of-severe-steroid-resistant-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-nephritis-treated-with-intravenous-cyclophosphamide-and-tonsillectomy
#4
Emi Sasaki, Maki Shibata, Asami Kato, Naoto Hamano, Takashi Katsuki, Manami Tada, Fumihiko Hinoshita
A previously healthy 37-year-old Canadian man living in Japan visited a hospital in Thailand while traveling because of edematous legs, purpura, arthralgia, bloody stool, and fever after an insect bite. Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) was suspected. His creatinine level was 5.2 mg/dL. He was treated with oral prednisolone (PSL) and oral cyclophosphamide (CPA); after treatment, his creatinine level improved to 2.4 mg/dL. Upon returning to Japan, he was admitted to the National Center for Global Health and Medicine Hospital in Tokyo...
November 2016: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498914/bibliometric-analysis-and-curriculum-mapping-of-travel-medicine-research
#5
Gerard T Flaherty, Keng Lim Yap
Evidence-based travel medicine requires that research priorities reflect the wide knowledge base of this discipline. Bibliometric analysis of articles published in Journal of Travel Medicine yielded the following results: epidemiology (6%, n = 105); immunology/vaccinology (8.5%, n = 148); pre-travel assessment/consultation (30.5%, n = 533); diseases contracted during travel (48.3%, n = 843); other clinical conditions associated with travel (6.8%, n = 119); post-travel assessment (5.2%, n = 91) and administrative and general travel medicine issues (6%, n = 105)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487212/mapping-the-ecoepidemiology-of-zika-virus-infection-in-urban-and-rural-areas-of-pereira-risaralda-colombia-2015-2016-implications-for-public-health-and-travel-medicine
#6
Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales, Pablo Ruiz, Javier Tabares, Carlos Augusto Ossa, Maria Camila Yepes-Echeverry, Valeria Ramirez-Jaramillo, Maria Leonor Galindo-Marquez, Carlos Julian García-Loaiza, Juan Alejandro Sabogal-Roman, Esteban Parra-Valencia, Guillermo J Lagos-Grisales, Carlos O Lozada-Riascos, Cornelis A de Pijper, Martin P Grobusch
OBJECTIVE: Geographical information systems (GIS) have been demonstrated earlier to be of great use to inform public health action against vector-borne infectious diseases. METHODS: Using surveillance data on the ongoing ZIKV outbreak from Pereira, Colombia (2015-2016), we estimated incidence rates (cases/100,000 population), and developed maps correlating with the ecoepidemiology of the area. RESULTS: Up to October 8, 2016, 439 cases of ZIKV were reported in Pereira (93 cases/100,000 pop...
May 6, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480265/clinical-utility-of-the-nonstructural-1-antigen-rapid-diagnostic-test-in-the-management-of-dengue-in-returning-travelers-with-fever
#7
Ralph Huits, Patrick Soentjens, Ula Maniewski-Kelner, Caroline Theunissen, Steven Van Den Broucke, Eric Florence, Jan Clerinx, Erika Vlieghe, Jan Jacobs, Lieselotte Cnops, Dorien Van Den Bossche, Marjan Van Esbroeck, Emmanuel Bottieau
BACKGROUND: Rapid diagnostic test (RDT) detecting the nonstructural 1 (NS1) antigen is increasingly used for dengue diagnosis in endemic and nonendemic settings, but its clinical utility has not been studied in travel clinic practice. METHODS: From August 2012 to July 2016, travelers returning from the tropics with fever were evaluated in the Institute of Tropical Medicine (Antwerp, Belgium) with the routine use of NS1 antigen RDT that provided results within 1 hour...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471315/assessing-perceived-benefits-barriers-and-self-efficacy-for-cervical-cancer-screening-among-korean-american-women
#8
Wei-Chen Tung, Minggen Lu, Michelle Granner, Jeeyun Sohn
A large proportion of Korean American women (KAW) do not receive regular cervical cancer screening. Self-report data from 102 KAW were analyzed by multiple linear regressions. Compared to women in action/maintenance, women in precontemplation/relapse stages were less likely to agree that a Pap test is important for health and were more likely to endorse barriers to testing (cost, not having a female doctor, preference for Korean medicine). Women in precontemplation/relapse also reported lower scores on self-efficacy items (travel large distances, pain perceptions, financial costs, time)...
May 4, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468023/islamic-civilization-in-spain-a-magnificient-example-of-interaction-and-unity-of-religion-and-science
#9
Safvet Halilović
Islam and its followers had created a civilization that played very important role on the world stage for more than a thousand years. One of the most important specific qualities of the Islamic civilization is that it is a well-balanced civilization that brought together science and faith, struck a balance between spirit and matter and did not separate this world from the Hereafter. This is what distinguishes the Islamic civilization from other civilizations which attach primary importance to the material aspect of life, physical needs and human instincts, and attach greater attention to this world by striving to instantly satisfy desires of the flesh, without finding a proper place for God and the Hereafter in their philosophies and education systems...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463722/transnationalism-and-health-a-systematic-literature-review-on-the-use-of-transnationalism-in-the-study-of-the-health-practices-and-behaviors-of-migrants
#10
REVIEW
Laura Villa-Torres, Tonatiuh González-Vázquez, Paul J Fleming, Edgar Leonel González-González, César Infante-Xibille, Rebecca Chavez, Clare Barrington
Transnationalism explores social, economic and political processes that occur beyond national borders and has been widely used in migration studies. We conducted a systematic review to explore if and how transnationalism has been used to study migrants' health and what a transnational perspective contributes to understanding health practices and behaviors of transnational migrants. We identified 26 empirical studies published in peer-reviewed journals that included a transnational perspective to study migrants' health practices and behaviors...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444905/the-value-of-a-combined-word-recognition-and-knowledge-measure-to-understand-characteristics-of-our-patients-oral-health-literacy
#11
Kathryn A Atchison, Mark D Macek, Daniela Markovic
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the analysis was to examine the association between sociodemographic and dental understanding and utilization characteristics and lower oral health literacy (HL) and knowledge. METHODS: The cross-sectional Multicenter Oral Health Literacy Research Study (MOHLRS) recruited and interviewed 923 English-speaking, initial care-seeking adults. The questionnaire included participant sociodemographic characteristics, measures of the participant's understanding and utilization of dentistry, and two oral HL measures, the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine and Dentistry (REALM-D) and the Comprehensive Measure of Oral Health Knowledge (CMOHK), which were combined into a new composite HL and knowledge measure, the MOHLR-K...
April 26, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435508/a-novel-collaboration-to-reduce-the-travel-related-cost-of-residency-interviewing
#12
Eric Shappell, Abra Fant, Benjamin Schnapp, Jill P Craig, James Ahn, Christine Babcock, Michael A Gisondi
INTRODUCTION: Interviewing for residency is a complicated and often expensive endeavor. Literature has estimated interview costs of $4,000 to $15,000 per applicant, mostly attributable to travel and lodging. The authors sought to reduce these costs and improve the applicant interview experience by coordinating interview dates between two residency programs in Chicago, Illinois. METHODS: Two emergency medicine residency programs scheduled contiguous interview dates for the 2015-2016 interview season...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426118/closing-the-gap-in-travel-medicine
#13
Annelies Wilder-Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426117/identifying-the-gaps-in-nepalese-migrant-workers-health-and-well-being-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
Padam P Simkhada, Pramod R Regmi, Edwin van Teijlingen, Nirmal Aryal
Background: The health and well-being of migrant workers from low-income countries is often neglected in travel medicine. This article uses Nepal as a case study to highlight key issues affecting this particular group of international travellers. Methods: This narrative review used a comprehensive systematic literature search to identify relevant studies on Nepal. The included articles were thematically analysed leading to four key themes or risk factors. Results: The search found 18 articles from which we identified 3 key themes related directly to migrant workers: (1) sexual risk taking; (2) occupational health and (3) lifestyles, and a fourth theme related to partners and family of migrant workers who are left behind in Nepal...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426112/travel-medicine-perspectives-of-select-travel-medicine-experts-practicing-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#15
Karin Leder, Sarah Borwein, Pornthep Chanthavanich, Santanu Chatterjee, Kaythi Htun, Aung Swi Prue Marma, Issaku Nakatani, Jin-Ju Ok, Levina Pakasi, Prativa Pandey, Watcharapong Piyaphanee, Priscilla Rupali, Eli Schwartz, Tadashi Shinozuka, Phi Truong Hoang Phu, Hiroshi Watanabe, Jenny Visser, Annelies Wilder-Smith, Min Zhang, Sarah L McGuinness
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426110/closing-the-gap-in-travel-medicine-reframing-research-questions-for-a-new-era
#16
Lin H Chen, Karin Leder, Mary E Wilson
Background: Travel medicine needs are changing. New patterns of travel, including greater travel by individuals from emerging economies with different values in costs, risks and benefits, must be considered. This review aims to (1) highlight selected studies that have been published that address previously identified gaps in knowledge; (2) propose possible ways to consider questions regarding travel medicine practice for travelers from emerging economies, underscoring priorities for research focusing on these important populations; (3) highlight potential deficiencies in relevance of current international guidelines as they pertain to travelers from emerging economies; (4) frame research questions for travelers from emerging economies and (5) consider roles for ISTM in closing the gap...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421029/a-historical-view-of-motion-sickness-a-plague-at-sea-and-on-land-also-with-military-impact
#17
Doreen Huppert, Judy Benson, Thomas Brandt
Seasickness and its triggers, symptoms, and preventive measures were well known in antiquity. This chapter is based on an analysis of descriptions of motion sickness, in particular seasickness, in ancient Greek, Roman, and Chinese literature. A systematic search was made from the Greek period beginning with Homer in 800 BC to the late Roman period and ending with Aetios Amidenos in 600 AD, as well as in the Chinese medical classics dating from around 300 AD. Major aspects are the following: body movements caused by waves were identified in all cultures as the critical stimuli...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411936/is-there-a-doctor-onboard-medical-emergencies-at-40-000-feet
#18
REVIEW
Howard J Donner
It is estimated 2.75 billion people travel aboard commercial airlines every year and 44,000 in-flight medical emergencies occur worldwide each year. Wilderness medicine requires a commonsense and improvisational approach to medical issues. A sudden call for assistance in the austere and unfamiliar surroundings of an airliner cabin may present the responding medical professional with a "wilderness medicine" experience. From resource management to equipment, this article sheds light on the unique conditions, challenges, and constraints of the flight environment...
May 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398905/an-integrated-model-of-scintillator-reflector-properties-for-advanced-simulations-of-optical-transport
#19
Emilie Roncali, Mariele Stockhoff, Simon R Cherry
Accurately modeling the light transport in scintillation detectors is essential to design new detectors for nuclear medicine or high energy physics. Optical models implemented in software such as Geant4 and GATE suffer from important limitations that we addressed by implementing a new approach in which the crystal reflectance was computed from 3D surface measurements. The reflectance was saved in a look-up-table (LUT) then used in Monte Carlo simulation to determine the fate of optical photons. Our previous work using this approach demonstrated excellent agreement with experimental characterization of crystal light output in a limited configuration, i...
April 11, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396090/executive-summary-of-imported-infectious-diseases-after-returning-from-foreign-travel-consensus-document-of-the-spanish-society-for-infectious-diseases-and-clinical-microbiology-seimc
#20
José Luis Pérez-Arellano, Miguel Górgolas-Hernández-Mora, Fernando Salvador, Cristina Carranza-Rodríguez, Germán Ramírez-Olivencia, Esteban Martín-Echeverría, Azucena Rodríguez-Guardado, Francesca Norman, Virginia Velasco-Tirado, Zuriñe Zubero-Sulibarría, Gerardo Rojo-Marcos, José Muñoz-Gutierrez, José Manuel Ramos-Rincón, M Paz Sánchez-Seco-Fariñas, María Velasco-Arribas, Moncef Belhassen-García, Mar Lago-Nuñez, Elías Cañas García-Otero, Rogelio López-Vélez
In a global world, knowledge of imported infectious diseases is essential in daily practice, both for the microbiologist-parasitologist and the clinician who diagnoses and treats infectious diseases in returned travelers. Tropical and subtropical countries where there is a greater risk of contracting an infectious disease are among the most frequently visited tourist destinations. The SEIMC considers it appropriate to produce a consensus document that will be useful to primary care physicians as well as specialists in internal medicine, infectious diseases and tropical medicine who help treat travelers returning from tropical and sub-tropical areas with infections...
April 7, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
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