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Vitamin c and dengue fever

Anthony R Mawson
Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is the most significant mosquito-borne viral disease worldwide in terms of illness, mortality and economic cost, but the pathogenesis of DHF is not well understood and there is no specific treatment or vaccine. Based on evidence of liver involvement, it is proposed that dengue virus and retinoids interact to cause cholestatic liver damage, resulting in the spillage of stored retinoids into the circulation and in an endogenous form of hypervitaminosisis A manifested by the signs and symptoms of the disease, including: fever, severe joint and bone pain, capillary leakage, thrombocytopenia, headache, and gastrointestinal symptoms...
December 2013: Medical Hypotheses
K Alagarasu, T Honap, A P Mulay, R V Bachal, P S Shah, D Cecilia
Vitamin D is known to affect pathogenesis of dengue through modulation of immune responses. Vitamin D exerts its effects through vitamin D receptor (VDR). The functioning of VDR is affected by the gene polymorphisms in the coding (rs2228570) and 3'untranslated region (UTR) (rs1544410, rs7975232 and rs731236). In the present study, VDR gene polymorphisms were investigated in 112 dengue infected patients (83 dengue fever (DF) and 29 dengue hemorrhagic fever cases (DHF)) and 105 apparently healthy controls (HCs) using polymerase chain reaction based restriction fragment length polymorphisms methods...
November 2012: Human Immunology
Lidiane M Albuquerque, Monique R O Trugilho, Alex Chapeaurouge, PatrĂ­cia B Jurgilas, PatrĂ­cia T Bozza, Fernando A Bozza, Jonas Perales, Ana G C Neves-Ferreira
Dengue fever is the world's most important arthropod-born viral disease affecting humans. To contribute to a better understanding of its pathogenesis, this study aims to identify proteins differentially expressed in plasmas from severe dengue fever patients relative to healthy donors. The use of 2-D Fluorescence Difference Gel Electrophoresis to analyze plasmas depleted of six high-abundance proteins (albumin, IgG, antitrypsin, IgA, transferrin and haptoglobin) allowed for the detection of 73 differentially expressed protein spots (n = 13, p < 0...
December 2009: Journal of Proteome Research
H A F Stephens
Large case control gene association studies have been performed on cohorts of dengue virus (DENV) infected patients identified in mainland Southeast Asia, South Asia and the Caribbean. Candidate genes that have shown statistically significant associations with DENV disease severity encode HLA molecules, cell receptors for IgG (FcGII), vitamin D and ICAM3 (DCSIGN or CD209), pathogen recognition molecules such as mannose binding lectin (MBL), blood related antigens including ABO and human platelet antigens (HPA1 and HPA2)...
2010: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
P Isarangkura, C Mahasandana, A Chuansumrit, P Angchaisuksiri
Several acquired bleeding disorders in the developing world have impacts on health, including late vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) in infants, dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF), and malaria. This paper describes their clinical manifestations, mechanisms involved, and treatment.
October 2004: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Andreas J Kesel
The synthesis of the structurally unusual heterotricyclic compound 1-[3-hydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methyl-4-pyridinyl]-2,8,9-trioxaadamantane-3,5,7-triol (trivially named bananin, BN) from pyridoxylidenephloroglucinol and a theoretical prospect on possible biological activities of BN are presented in this report. Pyridoxylidenephloroglucinol is synthesized by Knoevenagel condensation of the vitamin B6 aldehyde pyridoxal with phloroglucinol. Pyridoxylidenephloroglucinol rearranges to light-yellow (4'RS)-1',4'-dihydrobananin by refluxing in 5M hydrochloric acid...
October 15, 2003: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
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