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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917496/erratum-in-relation-of-household-income-to-incidence-of-sudden-unexpected-death-in-wake-county-north-carolina
#1
J Paul Mounsey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917398/hydrogel-ocular-sealant-for-clear-corneal-incisions-in-cataract-surgery
#2
Nambi Nallasamy, Karen E Grove, Gary L Legault, Melissa B Daluvoy, Terry Kim
PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between use of a hydrogel ocular sealant (Resure) to secure clear corneal incisions (CCIs) in cataract surgery and surgeon efficiency, patient symptomatology, and postoperative results. SETTING: Duke University Eye Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: A 1:1 matched cohort of hydrogel sealant exposure-discordant eyes of cataract surgery patients was retrospectively generated...
August 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916666/regional-evaluation-of-the-severity-based-stroke-triage-algorithm-for-emergency-medical-services-using-discrete-event-simulation
#3
Brittany M Bogle, Andrew W Asimos, Wayne D Rosamond
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Severity-Based Stroke Triage Algorithm for Emergency Medical Services endorses routing patients with suspected large vessel occlusion acute ischemic strokes directly to endovascular stroke centers (ESCs). We sought to evaluate different specifications of this algorithm within a region. METHODS: We developed a discrete event simulation environment to model patients with suspected stroke transported according to algorithm specifications, which varied by stroke severity screen and permissible additional transport time for routing patients to ESCs...
September 15, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916555/first-person-seth-zimmerman
#4
(no author information available yet)
First Person is a series of interviews with the first authors of a selection of papers published in Journal of Cell Science, helping early-career researchers promote themselves alongside their papers. Seth Zimmerman is the first author on 'Cells lay their own tracks - optogenetic Cdc42 activation stimulates fibronectin deposition supporting directed migration', published in Journal of Cell Science. Seth completed the work in this article as a PhD student under the supervision of Jim Bear and Brian Kuhlman at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915545/air-pollution-at-rochester-ny-long-term-trends-and-multivariate-analysis-of-upwind-so2-source-impacts
#5
Fereshteh Emami, Mauro Masiol, Philip K Hopke
There have been many changes in the air pollutant sources in the northeastern United States since 2001. To assess the effect of these changes, trend analyses of the monthly average values were performed on PM2.5 and its components including major ions, elemental carbon (EC), organic carbon (OC), and gaseous pollutant concentrations measured between 2001 (in some cases 1999) and 2015 at the NYS Department of Environmental Conservation sites in Rochester, NY. Mann-Kendall regression with Sen's slope was applied to estimate the trends and seasonality...
September 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910270/updated-dosing-instructions-for-immune-globulin-human-gamastan-s-d-for-hepatitis-a-virus-prophylaxis
#6
Noele P Nelson
GamaSTAN S/D (Grifols Therapeutics, Inc., Research Triangle Park, North Carolina) is a sterile, preservative-free solution of immune globulin (IG) for intramuscular administration and is used for prophylaxis against disease caused by infection with hepatitis A, measles, varicella, and rubella viruses (1). GamaSTAN S/D is the only IG product approved by the Food and Drug Administration for hepatitis A virus (HAV) prophylaxis. In July 2017, GamaSTAN S/D prescribing information was updated with changes to the dosing instructions for hepatitis A preexposure and postexposure prophylaxis indications...
September 15, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902704/hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-implementation-at-local-health-departments-a-statewide-assessment-of-activities-and-barriers
#7
Helen L Zhang, Sarah K Rhea, Christopher B Hurt, Victoria L Mobley, Heidi Swygard, Arlene C Seña, Mehri S McKellar
BACKGROUND: Expanding access to HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) could help reduce rates of HIV infection in the United States. This study characterizes activities and barriers to PrEP implementation at local health departments (LHDs) in North Carolina (NC), which contains a large rural population. METHODS: In May 2016, a web-based survey was distributed to health directors of all county and district health departments in NC to assess PrEP-related activities, perceived barriers to PrEP implementation, and desired PrEP-related resources...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902404/quality-of-life-after-surgery-for-intracranial-meningioma
#8
Luke S Benz, Margaret R Wrensch, Joellen M Schildkraut, Melissa L Bondy, Joshua L Warren, Joseph L Wiemels, Elizabeth B Claus
BACKGROUND: To the authors' knowledge, limited data exist regarding long-term quality of life (QOL) for patients diagnosed with intracranial meningioma. METHODS: The data in the current study concerned 1722 meningioma cases diagnosed among residents of Connecticut, Massachusetts, California, Texas, and North Carolina from May 1, 2006 through March 14, 2013, and 1622 controls who were frequency matched to the cases by age, sex, and geography. These individuals were participants in a large, population-based, case-control study...
September 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901879/holly-folk-the-religion-of-chiropractic-populist-healing-from-the-american-heartland-chapel-hill-university-of-north-carolina-press-2017-pp-%C3%A2-351-34-95-paperback-isbn-978-1-4696-3279-7
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900742/relationship-between-air-mass-type-and-emergency-department-visits-for-migraine-headache-across-the-triangle-region-of-north-carolina
#10
Christopher Elcik, Christopher M Fuhrmann, Andrew E Mercer, Robert E Davis
An estimated 240 million people worldwide suffer from migraines. Because migraines are often debilitating, understanding the mechanisms that trigger them is crucial for effective prevention and treatment. Synoptic air mass types and emergency department (ED) visits for migraine headaches were examined over a 7-year period within a major metropolitan area of North Carolina to identify potential relationships between large-scale meteorological conditions and the incidence of migraine headaches. Barometric pressure changes associated with transitional air masses, or changing weather patterns, were also analyzed for potential relationships...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900129/multiple-p450s-and-variation-in-neuronal-genes-underpins-the-response-to-the-insecticide-imidacloprid-in-a-population-of-drosophila-melanogaster
#11
Shane Denecke, Roberto Fusetto, Felipe Martelli, Alex Giang, Paul Battlay, Alexandre Fournier-Level, Richard A O' Hair, Philip Batterham
Insecticide resistance is an economically important example of evolution in response to intense selection pressure. Here, the genetics of resistance to the neonicotinoid insecticide imidacloprid is explored using the Drosophila Genetic Reference Panel, a collection of inbred Drosophila melanogaster genotypes derived from a single population in North Carolina. Imidacloprid resistance varied substantially among genotypes, and more resistant genotypes tended to show increased capacity to metabolize and excrete imidacloprid...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892141/novel-insights-on-population-and-range-edge-dynamics-using-an-unparalleled-spatiotemporal-record-of-species-invasion
#12
Kristine Grayson, Derek M Johnson
Quantifying the complex spatial dynamics taking place at range edges is critical for understanding future distributions of species, yet very few systems have sufficient data or the spatial resolution to empirically test these dynamics. This paper reviews how data from a large-scale pest management program have provided important contributions to the fields of population dynamics and invasion biology. The invasion of gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) is well-documented from its introduction near Boston, Massachusetts USA in 1869 to its current extent of over 900,000 km(2) in Eastern North America...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889856/foods-and-beverages-available-at-snap-authorized-drugstores-in-sections%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-north%C3%A2-carolina
#13
Elizabeth F Racine, Ashley Kennedy, Ameena Batada, Mary Story
OBJECTIVE: To assess healthy food availability in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-authorized drugstores by store chain and neighborhood income level in 3 regions of North Carolina. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive study. SETTING: Twenty-five counties in North Carolina. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 108 drugstores (36 CVS Health, 36 Rite Aid, and 36 Walgreens). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Fifty foods and beverages offered at drugstores, categorized as healthier and less healthy...
September 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888497/urban-rural-differences-in-school-nurses-asthma-training-needs-and-access-to-asthma-resources
#14
Delesha M Carpenter, Robin Dawson Estrada, Courtney A Roberts, Alice Elio, Melissa Prendergast, Kathy Durbin, Graceann Clyburn Jones, Steve North
PURPOSE: Few studies have examined school nurses preferences' for asthma training. Our purpose was to: 1) assess school nurses' perceived asthma training needs, 2) describe nurses' access to asthma educational resources, and 3) identify urban-rural differences in training needs and access to resources in southern states. DESIGN AND METHODS: A convenience sample of school nurses (n=162) from seven counties (two urban and five rural) in North Carolina and South Carolina completed an online, anonymous survey...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888495/teachers-experiences-with-and-perceptions-of-students-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
Kay Lawrence, Robin Dawson Estrada, Jessica McCormick
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to examine teacher experiences with and perceptions of students with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Teachers are integral in helping these children learn effectively and foster healthy relationships, yet little is known about their interactions with these children. DESIGN AND METHOD: Semi structured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of fourteen currently practicing or retired elementary and middle schools teachers in North Carolina and South Carolina...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887506/introduced-ascidians-harbor-highly-diverse-and-host-specific-symbiotic-microbial-assemblages
#16
James S Evans, Patrick M Erwin, Noa Shenkar, Susanna López-Legentil
Many ascidian species have experienced worldwide introductions, exhibiting remarkable success in crossing geographic borders and adapting to local environmental conditions. To investigate the potential role of microbial symbionts in these introductions, we examined the microbial communities of three ascidian species common in North Carolina harbors. Replicate samples of the globally introduced species Distaplia bermudensis, Polyandrocarpa anguinea, and P. zorritensis (n = 5), and ambient seawater (n = 4), were collected in Wrightsville Beach, NC...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886597/pesticide-use-and-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-the-agricultural-health-study
#17
Martha P Montgomery, Eric Postel, David M Umbach, Marie Richards, Mary Watson, Aaron Blair, Honglei Chen, Dale P Sandler, Silke Schmidt, Freya Kamel
BACKGROUND: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness in developed countries. Few studies have investigated its relationship to environmental neurotoxicants. In previous cross-sectional studies, we found an association between pesticide use and self-reported retinal degeneration. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the association of pesticide use with physician-confirmed incident AMD. METHODS: The Agricultural Health Study (AHS) is a prospective cohort of pesticide applicators and their spouses enrolled from 1993-1997 in Iowa and North Carolina...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886230/lipoprotein-particle-concentration-measured-by-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-is-associated-with-gestational-age-at-delivery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Matthew R Grace, Catherine J Vladutiu, Rachel C Nethery, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Tracy A Manuck, Amy H Herring, David Savitz, John T Thorp
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between lipoprotein particle concentrations in pregnancy and gestational age at delivery. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: The study was conducted in the United States at the University of North Carolina. POPULATION: We assessed 715 women enrolled in the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition study from 2001-2005. METHODS: Fasting blood was collected at two time points (<20 weeks and 24-29 weeks gestation)...
September 8, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885527/interview-with-eugene-a-woods-fache-president-and-ceo-carolinas-healthcare-system-charlotte-north-carolina
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882260/crash-risk-factors-for-interstate-large-trucks-in-north-carolina
#20
Eric R Teoh, Daniel L Carter, Sarah Smith, Anne T McCartt
INTRODUCTION: Provide an updated examination of risk factors for large truck involvements in crashes resulting in injury or death. METHODS: A matched case-control study was conducted in North Carolina of large trucks operated by interstate carriers. Cases were defined as trucks involved in crashes resulting in fatal or non-fatal injury, and one control truck was matched on the basis of location, weekday, time of day, and truck type. The matched-pair odds ratio provided an estimate of the effect of various driver, vehicle, or carrier factors...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
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