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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535457/age-of-first-drunkenness-and-risks-for-all-cause-mortality-a-27-year-follow-up-from-the-epidemiologic-catchment-area-study
#1
Hui Hu, William W Eaton, James C Anthony, Li-Tzy Wu, Linda B Cottler
BACKGROUND: Early-onset drunkenness is associated with an increased risk of developing an alcohol use disorder (AUD), which predicts excess mortality risk. Here, we estimated mortality risk for drinkers with and without early drunkenness. METHODS: For 14,848 adult participants interviewed about drinking, drunken episodes, and AUD in 1981-83 for the Epidemiologic Catchment Area in New Haven (Connecticut), Baltimore (Maryland), St. Louis (Missouri), and Durham (North Carolina), we linked National Death Index records through 2007...
May 17, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531284/different-abundance-and-correlational-patterns-exist-between-total-and-presumed-pathogenic-v-vulnificus-and-v-parahaemolyticus-in-shellfish-and-waters-along-the-north-carolina-coast
#2
Tiffany C Williams, Brett A Froelich, Britney Phippen, Patricia Fowler, Rachel T Noble, James D Oliver
Monitoring of Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus abundance is pertinent due to the ability of these species to cause disease in humans through aquatic vectors. Previously, we performed a multiyear investigation tracking Vibrio spp. levels in five sites along the southeastern North Carolina coast. From February 2013 to October 2015 total V. vulnificus, and V. parahaemolyticus abundance was measured in water, oysters, and clams. In the current study, pathogenic subpopulations were identified in these isolates using molecular markers, revealing that 5...
May 20, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524272/frontal-sinus-development-and-juvenile-age-estimation
#3
Kaitlin Moore, Ann Ross
Assessment of development is an important component of age estimation in juveniles. One area that has not been fully investigated as a possible aging method is the development of the frontal sinus. The frontal sinuses form when the ectocranial table of the frontal bone separates from the endocranial table forming an air pocket in the bone. The endocranial table ceases growth with the brain, while the ectocranial table is displaced anteriorly as the facial bones continue growth. In order to examine growth and the utility of the frontal sinuses for age estimation, 392 radiographs were examined (♀=159 and ♂=233) from the Juvenile Radiograph Database at North Carolina State University and the Patricia Database from Mercyhurst University...
May 19, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520950/a-novel-economical-way-to-assess-virulence-in-field-populations-of-hessian-fly-diptera-cecidomyiidae-utilizing-wheat-resistance-gene-h13-as-a-model
#4
Alisha J Johnson, Hossam E M Abdel Moniem, Kathy L Flanders, G David Buntin, Francis P F Reay-Jones, Dominic Reisig, Jeffery J Stuart, Subhashree Subramanyam, Richard H Shukle, Brandon J Schemerhorn
Mayetiola destructor (Say) is a serious pest of wheat, Triticum aestivum L., in North America, North Africa, and Central Asia. Singly deployed resistance genes in wheat cultivars have provided effective management of Hessian fly populations for >50 yr. Thirty-five H genes have been documented. Defense mediated by the H gene constitutes strong selection on the Hessian fly population, killing 100% of larvae. A mutation in a matching Hessian fly avirulence gene confers virulence to the H gene, leading to survival on the resistant plant...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520876/geographic-information-systems-mapping-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-an-ocular-telemedicine-network
#5
Pooja D Jani, Lauren Forbes, Philip McDaniel, Anthony Viera, Seema Garg
Importance: Minimal information exists on the use of geographic information systems mapping for visualizing access barriers to eye care for patients with diabetes. Objective: To use geographic information systems mapping techniques to visualize (1) the locations of patients participating in the North Carolina Diabetic Retinopathy Telemedicine Network, (2) the locations of primary care clinicians and ophthalmologists across the state, and (3) the travel times associated with traveling to the 5 primary care clinics in our study...
May 18, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520833/evaluation-of-diabetic-retinal-screening-and-factors-for-ophthalmology-referral-in-a-telemedicine-network
#6
Pooja D Jani, Lauren Forbes, Arkopal Choudhury, John S Preisser, Anthony J Viera, Seema Garg
Importance: Retinal telescreening for evaluation of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in the primary care setting may be useful in reaching rural and underserved patients. Objectives: To evaluate telemedicine retinal screenings for patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes and identify factors for ophthalmology referral in the North Carolina Diabetic Retinopathy Telemedicine Network. Design, Setting, and Participants: A preimplementation and postimplementation evaluation was conducted from January 6, 2014, to November 1, 2015, at 5 primary care clinics serving rural and underserved populations in North Carolina among 1787 adult patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes who received primary care at the clinics and obtained retinal telescreening to determine the presence and severity of DR...
May 18, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520817/heat-in-the-southeastern-united-states-characteristics-trends-and-potential-health-impact
#7
Jeremy E Diem, Christine E Stauber, Richard Rothenberg
High summer temperatures in extratropical areas have an impact on the public's health, mainly through heat stress, high air pollution concentrations, and the transmission of tropical diseases. The purpose of this study is to examine the current characteristics of heat events and future projections of summer apparent temperature (AT)-and associated health concerns-throughout the southeastern United States. Synoptic climatology was used to assess the atmospheric characteristics of extreme heat days (EHDs) from 1979-2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512519/an-internship-may-not-be-enough-enhancing-bioscience-industry-job-readiness-through-practicum-experiences
#8
Jason M Cramer, Paul T Hamilton
In contrast to the narrowing of options in academic careers, the bioscience industry offers robust employment opportunities for STEM-trained workers, especially those who display both scientific and business talent. Unfortunately, traditional science programs typically lack curricular features that develop this type of worker. The North Carolina State University Master of Microbial Biotechnology (MMB) program facilitates industry-specific experiential learning to fill this training gap. Similar programs often rely on a single industry internship to provide students relevant work experience, but completion of one internship might not suffice to position students for employment in a highly competitive job market...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510584/identification-of-novel-risk-factors-for-community-acquired-clostridium-difficile-infection-using-spatial-statistics-and-geographic-information-system-analyses
#9
Deverick J Anderson, Leoncio Flavio Rojas, Shera Watson, Lauren P Knelson, Sohayla Pruitt, Sarah S Lewis, Rebekah W Moehring, Emily E Sickbert Bennett, David J Weber, Luke F Chen, Daniel J Sexton
BACKGROUND: The rate of community-acquired Clostridium difficile infection (CA-CDI) is increasing. While receipt of antibiotics remains an important risk factor for CDI, studies related to acquisition of C. difficile outside of hospitals are lacking. As a result, risk factors for exposure to C. difficile in community settings have been inadequately studied. MAIN OBJECTIVE: To identify novel environmental risk factors for CA-CDI. METHODS: We performed a population-based retrospective cohort study of patients with CA-CDI from 1/1/2007 through 12/31/2014 in a 10-county area in central North Carolina...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506378/pharmacist-to-prescriber-intervention-to-close-therapeutic-gaps-for-statin-use-in-patients-with-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Hannah M Renner, Amanda Hollar, Samuel F Stolpe, Macary Weck Marciniak
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a community pharmacist-led intervention on the proportion of patients with diabetes placed on statin therapy. DESIGN: The Pharmacy Quality Alliance endorsed a performance measure, Statin Use in Persons with Diabetes, which evaluates the percentage of patients aged 40-75 years who were dispensed a medication for diabetes and also received a statin medication. SETTING: This new measure has been implemented within the Electronic Quality Improvement Platform for Plans and Pharmacies (EQuIPP) dashboard...
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505217/effect-of-combined-patient-decision-aid-and-patient-navigation-vs-usual-care-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-a-vulnerable-patient-population-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Daniel S Reuland, Alison T Brenner, Richard Hoffman, Andrew McWilliams, Robert L Rhyne, Christina Getrich, Hazel Tapp, Mark A Weaver, Danelle Callan, Laura Cubillos, Brisa Urquieta de Hernandez, Michael P Pignone
Importance: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is underused, especially among vulnerable populations. Decision aids and patient navigation are potentially complementary interventions for improving CRC screening rates, but their combined effect on screening completion is unknown. Objective: To determine the combined effect of a CRC screening decision aid and patient navigation compared with usual care on CRC screening completion. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this randomized clinical trial, data were collected from January 2014 to March 2016 at 2 community health center practices, 1 in North Carolina and 1 in New Mexico, serving vulnerable populations...
May 15, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499679/aeromedical-ultrasound-the-evaluation-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-during-helicopter-transport
#12
Jeffrey G Yates, Denise Baylous
INTRODUCTION: This study correlated the eFAST findings performed in-flight by the flight crew with the findings obtained by the trauma team upon initial evaluation at a level 1 trauma center and with the subsequent CT scans that were performed or the surgeon's operative note. We hypothesize that aeromedical eFAST examinations are highly correlated with the trauma teams findings. METHODS: This prospective, observational study evaluated 190 traumatically injured patients from June 2014 to December 2015 in Southeast Virginia and Northeast North Carolina...
May 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499291/a-survey-of-25-north-carolina-health-departments-districts-on-knowledge-attitudes-and-current-practices-to-seeking-reimbursement-from-third-party-payers-for-sexually-transmitted-disease-services
#13
Cheryl L Kovar, Susan Carter
BACKGROUND: North Carolina Administrative Code 10A Chapter 41A.0204 (a) states "local health departments shall provide diagnosis, testing, treatment, follow-up, and preventive services for syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, … These services shall be provided upon request and at no charge to the patient." Although health departments/districts may bill governmental or nongovernmental insurance providers for sexually transmitted disease (STD) services, current billing practices are unknown...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498649/payment-or-reimbursement-for-certain-medical-expenses-for-camp-lejeune-family-members-final-rule
#14
(no author information available yet)
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) adopts as final an interim final rule addressing payment or reimbursement of certain medical expenses for family members of Camp Lejeune veterans. Under this rule, VA reimburses family members, or pays providers, for medical expenses incurred as a result of certain illnesses and conditions that may be associated with contaminants present in the base water supply at U.S. Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune (Camp Lejeune), North Carolina, from August 1, 1953, to December 31, 1987...
May 5, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493991/changes-in-gene-expression-between-a-soybean-f1-hybrid-and-its-parents-are-associated-with-agronomically-valuable-traits
#15
Earl Taliercio, David Eickholt, Rakin Rouf, Thomas Carter
Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] genetic diversity is limited because domesticated soybean has undergone multiple genetic bottlenecks. Its progenitor, the wild soybean [Glycine soja Siebold & Zucc], has not undergone the same intense selection and is much more genetically diverse than domesticated soybean. However, the agronomic importance of diversity in wild soybean is unclear, and its weedy nature makes assessment difficult. To address this issue, we chose for study a highly selected, adapted F4-derived progeny of wild soybean, NMS4-44-329...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493116/general-and-ethnic-biased-bullying-among-latino-students-exploring-risks-of-depression-suicidal-ideation-and-substance-use
#16
Jodi Berger Cardoso, Hannah Selene Szlyk, Jeremy Goldbach, Paul Swank, Michael J Zvolensky
Using a cross-sectional sample of 534 Latino students from middle and high schools in a large North Carolina school district, we examined the relation of general and ethnic-biased bullying to depression and the indirect pathways through depression to suicidal ideation and substance use outcomes. A structural equation model tested the direct and indirect paths. The final model fit was excellent, χ(2)(90) = 127.6, p = .0056, RMSEA = 0.028, CFI = 0.974, TLI = 0.961. Ethnic-biased and verbal or relational bullying had a direct effect on depression, but general and physical bullying did not...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487878/interactions-of-nitrogen-source-and-rate-and-weed-removal-timing-relative-to-nitrogen-content-in-corn-and-weeds-and-corn-grain-yield
#17
Alexandra M Knight, Wesley J Everman, David L Jordan, Ronnie W Heiniger, T Jot Smyth
Adequate fertility combined with effective weed management is important in maximizing corn (Zea mays L.) grain yield. Corn uptake of nitrogen (N) is dependent upon many factors including weed species and density and the rate and formulation of applied N fertilizer. Understanding interactions among corn, applied N, and weeds is important in developing management strategies. Field studies were conducted in North Carolina to compare corn and weed responses to urea ammonium nitrate (UAN), sulfur-coated urea (SCU), and composted poultry litter (CPL) when a mixture of Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri S...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486054/beyond-the-page-a-process-review-of-using-ethnodrama-to-disseminate-research-findings
#18
Jamilah Taylor, Emily Namey, Annette Carrington Johnson, Greg Guest
Public health researchers are charged with communicating study findings to appropriate audiences. Dissemination activities typically target the academic research community. However, as participatory research grows, researchers are increasingly exploring innovative dissemination techniques to reach broader audiences, particularly research participants and their communities. One technique is ethnodrama/ethnotheatre, a written or live performance based on study findings. Though used effectively in social change programs, dramas are seldom used to distribute research findings exclusively...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478925/isolation-of-the-antibiotic-pseudopyronine-b-and-sar-evaluation-of-c3-c6-alkyl-analogs
#19
Leah M Bouthillette, Catherine A Darcey, Tess E Handy, Sarah C Seaton, Amanda L Wolfe
Natural products are an abundant source of structurally diverse compounds with antibacterial activity that can be used to develop new and potent antibiotics. One such class of natural products is the pseudopyronines. Here we present the isolation of pseudopyronine B (2) from a Pseudomonas species found in garden soil in Western North Carolina, and SAR evaluation of C3 and C6 alkyl analogs of the natural product for antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. We found a direct relationship between antibacterial activity and C3/C6 alkyl chain length...
April 23, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475718/within-plant-distribution-and-dynamics-of-thrips-species-thysanoptera-thripidae-in-cotton
#20
Francis P F Reay-Jones, Jeremy K Greene, D Ames Herbert, Alana L Jacobson, George G Kennedy, Dominic D Reisig, Phillip M Roberts
A 2-yr study in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) was conducted to determine the abundance and species composition of thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on different plant parts throughout the season in Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia. Plant parts sampled included seedlings, terminals with two expanded leaves, leaves from the upper, middle, and lower sections of the canopy, white flowers, and medium-sized bolls. Adult thrips were significantly more abundant on seedlings and flowers in 2014, and on flowers followed by seedlings and leaves from the middle canopy in 2015...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
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