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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918937/methods-to-rank-traffic-rule-violations-resulting-in-crashes-for-allocation-of-funds
#1
Praveena Penmetsa, Srinivas S Pulugurtha
Education, enforcement and engineering countermeasures are implemented to make road users comply with the traffic rules. Not all the traffic rule violations can be addressed nor countermeasures be implemented at all unsafe locations, at once, due to limited funds. Therefore, this study aims at ranking the traffic rule violations resulting in crashes based on individual ranks, such as 1) frequency (expressed as a function of the number of drivers violating a traffic rule and involved in crashes), 2) crash severity, 3) total crash cost, and, 4) cost severity index, to assist transportation system managers in prioritizing the allocation of funds and improving safety on roads...
December 2, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916215/opiate-injection-associated-infective-endocarditis-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#2
Lauren Hartman, Erin Barnes, Laura Bachmann, Katherine Schafer, James Lovato, Daniel Clark Files
BACKGROUND: Opiate pain reliever (OPR) misuse by injection is increasing in the United States. Infective endocarditis (IE), a devastating complication of injection OPR use, has been understudied. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of IE cases at an academic tertiary care hospital in North Carolina. Hospital admissions from 2009-2014 were screened for cases of definite IE. Subjects reporting injection drug use (IDU) were classified as IDU-IE, and compared to those without reported IDU, classified as No IDU-IE...
December 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912134/uncertainties-in-mapping-forest-carbon-in-urban-ecosystems
#3
Gang Chen, Emre Ozelkan, Kunwar K Singh, Jun Zhou, Marilyn R Brown, Ross K Meentemeyer
Spatially explicit urban forest carbon estimation provides a baseline map for understanding the variation in forest vertical structure, informing sustainable forest management and urban planning. While high-resolution remote sensing has proven promising for carbon mapping in highly fragmented urban landscapes, data cost and availability are the major obstacle prohibiting accurate, consistent, and repeated measurement of forest carbon pools in cities. This study aims to evaluate the uncertainties of forest carbon estimation in response to the combined impacts of remote sensing data resolution and neighborhood spatial patterns in Charlotte, North Carolina...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912005/climate-change-increases-the-production-of-female-hatchlings-at-a-northern-sea-turtle-rookery
#4
J L Reneker, S J Kamel
The most recent climate change projections show a global increase in temperatures, along with major adjustments to precipitation, throughout the 21st century. Species exhibiting temperature-dependent sex determination are highly susceptible to such changes since the incubation environment influences critical offspring characteristics such as survival and sex ratio. Here we show that the mean incubation duration of loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) nests from a high-density nesting beach on Bald Head Island, North Carolina, USA has decreased significantly over the past 25 yr...
December 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908029/in-situ-measurements-of-sediment-acoustic-properties-in-currituck-sound-and-comparison-to-models
#5
Kevin M Lee, Megan S Ballard, Andrew R McNeese, Thomas G Muir, Preston S Wilson, R Daniel Costley, Kent K Hathaway
In situ measurements of compressional and shear wave speed and attenuation were collected 30 cm below the water-sediment interface in Currituck Sound, North Carolina at two field locations having distinctly different sediment types: medium-to-fine-grained sand and fine-grained sand with approximately 10% mud content. Shear wave measurements were performed with bimorph transducers to generate and receive horizontally polarized shear waves in the 300 Hz to 1 kHz band, and compressional wave measurements were performed using hydrophones operated in the 5 kHz to 100 kHz band...
November 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903084/assessment-of-corticosteroid-related-quality-of-care-measures-for-uc-and-cd-in-the-united-states-a-claims-data-analysis
#6
David T Rubin, Haridarshan Patel, Sherry Shi, Reema Mody
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate corticosteroid (CS)-related quality of care indicators in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) in the US. METHODS: Adults diagnosed with UC or CD and prescription fills for an oral CS were identified from a large commercial US claims database (2005- 2013). Quality indicators included prolonged CS use (≥60 days), use of CS-sparing therapy, and bone loss assessment. State-level variations in quality of care indicators were estimated using logistic regression models adjusting for age, gender, insurance plan type, and CD severity...
December 1, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902243/rugosibacter-aromaticivorans-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-novel-bacterium-within-the-family-rhodocyclaceae-isolated-from-contaminated-soil-capable-of-degrading-aromatic-compounds
#7
Elizabeth M Corteselli, Michael D Aitken, David R Singleton
A bacterial strain designated Ca6T was isolated from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-contaminated soil from the site of a former manufactured gas plant in Charlotte, North Carolina, USA and phylogenetically linked to the Rhodocyclaceae family of the Betaproteobacteria. Its 16S rRNA gene was highly similar to globally distributed environmental sequences, including those previously designated "Pyrene Group 1" demonstrated to grow on the PAHs phenanthrene and pyrene by stable-isotope probing. The closest described relative was Sulfuritalea hydrogenivorans strain sk43HT (93...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900556/an-investigation-of-relational-risk-and-promotive-factors-associated-with-adolescent-female-aggression
#8
Katie L Cotter, Paul R Smokowski
Despite growing trends in adolescent female aggression, much adolescent aggression research has focused on males to the exclusion of their female counterparts. Using relational-cultural and social role theories, the current study identifies the risk and promotive factors associated with adolescent female aggression. Using data from the Rural Adaptation Project (a 5 year longitudinal panel study of youth from two rural, ethnically diverse, low income counties in North Carolina), a 2-level hierarchical linear model was estimated (N = 3580)...
November 29, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899505/an-interview-with-david-mcclay
#9
Aidan Maartens
David McClay is the Arthur S. Pearse Professor of Biology at Trinity College of Arts and Sciences, Duke University, North Carolina. His lab works on the transcriptional control of morphogenesis in the sea urchin embryo. We caught up with David at the 2016 Society for Developmental Biology - International Society of Differentiation joint meeting in Boston, where he received the Lifetime Achievement Award.
December 1, 2016: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898949/modeling-response-to-heat-stress-in-pigs-from-nucleus-and-commercial-farms-in-different-locations-in-the-united-states
#10
B O Fragomeni, D A L Lourenco, S Tsuruta, S Andonov, K Gray, Y Huang, I Misztal
The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of seasonal losses due to heat stress in different environments and genetic group combinations. Data were available for 2 different swine populations: purebred Duroc animals raised in nucleus farms in Texas and North Carolina and crosses of Duroc and F females (Landrace × Large White) raised in commercial farms in Missouri and North Carolina; pedigrees provided links between animals from different states. Traits included BW at harvest age for purebred animals and HCW for crossbred animals...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898797/effectiveness-of-livestock-exclusion-in-a-pasture-of-central-north-carolina
#11
Daniel E Line, Deanna L Osmond, Wesley Childres
Reducing the export of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and sediment from agricultural land in water-supply watersheds is a continuing goal in central North Carolina. The objective of this project was to document the effectiveness of a combination of livestock exclusion fencing and nutrient management implemented on a beef cattle pasture located in the Piedmont region of North Carolina. The quantity and quality of discharge from two predominantly pasture watersheds were monitored simultaneously for 3.8 yr before and after implementation of the exclusion fencing and nutrient management in the treatment watershed; a control watershed remained unchanged...
November 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898281/goals-of-care-or-goals-of-trust-how-family-members-perceive-goals-for-dying-nursing-home-residents
#12
Cherie Rosemond, Laura C Hanson, Sheryl Zimmerman
PURPOSE OF STUDY: Dementia affects more than 5 million Americans, and is a leading cause of death. Family members of nursing home (NH) residents with advanced dementia report difficulty making decisions about care toward the end of life. As part of a randomized trial testing an intervention to improve decision making, this qualitative study aimed to understand how family decision makers experienced goal-based decision making in advance of the death of their relative. DESIGN AND METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted as part of the goals of care clinical trial...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894301/erratum-to-advanced-practice-pharmacists-a-retrospective-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-and-cost-of-clinical-pharmacist-practitioners-managing-ambulatory-medicare-patients-in-north-carolina-apple-nc
#13
Michèle M Kislan, Adam T Bernstein, Loretta R Fearrington, Timothy J Ives
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891781/geographic-distribution-of-live-births-with-tetralogy-of-fallot-in-north-carolina-2003-to-2012
#14
Jennifer S Nelson, Rebecca C Stebbins, Paula D Strassle, Robert E Meyer
BACKGROUND: Geographic variation in congenital heart disease is not well-described. This study uses geographic information systems (GIS) to describe the spatial epidemiology of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), in North Carolina (NC) and to compare travel time for cases to congenital heart centers in NC. METHODS: Using the NC Birth Defects Monitoring Program database, live births with TOF born between 2003 and 2012 were identified. Birth certificates provided demographic variables...
November 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886113/predictors-of-urinary-3-phenoxybenzoic-acid-levels-in-50-north-carolina-adults
#15
Marsha Morgan, Paul Jones, Jon Sobus, Dana Boyd Barr
Limited data are available on the non-chemical stressors that impact adult exposures to pyrethroid insecticides based on urinary biomonitoring. The urinary metabolite, 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA), is commonly used to assess human exposure to a number of pyrethroids. In a further analysis of published study data, we quantified urinary 3-PBA levels of 50 adults over a single, 24-h sampling period and examined the associations between the biomarker measurements and selected non-chemical stressors (demographic, lifestyle, and dietary factors)...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884853/gyejibongneyong-hwan-a-herbal-medicine-for-the-treatment-of-dysmenorrhoea-with-uterine-fibroids-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Jeeyoun Jung, Ju Ah Lee, Mi Mi Ko, Sooseong You, Eunhee Lee, Jiae Choi, Byoung-Kab Kang, Myeong Soo Lee
INTRODUCTION: Gyejibongneyong-hwan (GBH), or the Guizhi Fuling Formula in Chinese, is widely used to treat uterine fibroids in East Asian countries including Korea, China and Japan. This study will assess the efficacy and safety of the GBH formula for the treatment of dysmenorrhoea. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study will be a randomised double-blind controlled trial with two parallel arms: the GBH group and the placebo group. This trial will recruit 38 women between 18 and 45 years of age with secondary dysmenorrhoea with uterine fibroids...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880750/notes-from-the-field-clostridium-perfringens-gastroenteritis-outbreak-associated-with-a-catered-lunch-north-carolina-november-2015
#17
Jessica L Rinsky, E Berl, V Greene, J Morrow, A Didomenico, J MacFarquhar, G A Gómez, C Lúquez, C Williams
During November 2015, the North Carolina Division of Public Health was notified by the Pitt County Health Department (PCHD) that approximately 40 persons who attended a catered company Thanksgiving lunch the previous day were ill with diarrhea and abdominal pain. The North Carolina Division of Public Health and PCHD worked together to investigate the source of illness and implement control measures. Within hours of notification, investigators developed and distributed an online survey to all lunch attendees regarding symptoms and foods consumed and initiated a cohort study...
November 25, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877096/a-prospective-pilot-study-on-the-systemic-absorption-of-oral-vancomycin-in-children-with-colitis
#18
James W Antoon, Margaret Hall, Diana Metropulos, Michael J Steiner, Ravi Jhaveri, Jacob A Lohr
BACKGROUND: Oral vancomycin is used to treat refractory colitis due to Clostridium dificile infection. Traditionally, oral vancomycin was thought to not be absorbed systemically, but recent adult studies have demonstrated detectable serum levels in over half of patients with severe colitis. This has not been studied in children. OBJECTIVE: To determine the absorption of oral vancomycin and the renal safety profile of oral vancomycin in children hospitalized with colitis. METHODS: We performed a prospective, observational, pilot proof of principle study at the North Carolina Children's Hospital in patients 2 years to 18 years of age receiving oral vancomycin for the treatment of C dificile colitis...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870526/dimensions-of-medication-adherence-in-african-americans-with-type-2-diabetes-in-rural-north-carolina
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868235/trait-space-of-rare-plants-in-a-fire-dependent-ecosystem
#20
Gregory M Ames, Wade A Wall, Matthew G Hohmann, Justin P Wright
The causes of species rarity are of critical concern because of the high extinction risk associated with rarity. Studies examining individual rare species have limited generality, whereas trait-based approaches offer a means to identify functional causes of rarity that can be applied to communities with disparate species pools. Differences in functional traits between rare and common species may be indicative of the functional causes of species rarity and may therefore be useful in crafting species conservation strategies...
November 21, 2016: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
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