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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096037/the-future-is-here-but-there-is-no-reason-to-fear
#1
Nicole Fisher
Nicole Fisher, MPP, PhD, is the founder and chief executive officer at HHR Strategies, a health care and human rights focused advising firm. Additionally, she is a senior policy advisor and expert on health economics, technology, and reform, specifically as they affect vulnerable populations. Nicole runs a health innovation and policy page at Forbes, highlighting and advising companies, ideas, and people that are changing the health landscape. She also is currently pursuing her PhD at the University of North Carolina in the Health Policy and Management Department...
February 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094636/the-art-and-science-of-aging-well-williams-mark-e-the-art-and-science-of-aging-well-240pp-%C3%A2-30-50-the-university-of-north-carolina-press-9781469627397-1469627396-formula-see-text
#2
(no author information available yet)
This book provides an enjoyable and accessible overview of gerontology, including key theories and the evidence underpinning them. It also encourages the reader to reflect on personal implications of ageing.
January 4, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094118/receipt-of-public-assistance-during-childhood-and-hypertension-risk-in-adulthood
#3
Debbie S Barrington, Sherman A James
PURPOSE: We examined if receipt of public assistance during childhood lowered risk for hypertension by mid-life in a cohort of African Americans in the Southeastern United States. METHODS: We used multiple logistic regression models to assess the relationship between receipt of public assistance during childhood and adult hypertension among 405 male and 737 female adult participants enrolled between 1988 and 2001 in the Pitt County Study, a community-based prospective cohort study of African Americans in North Carolina...
December 9, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079718/longitudinal-hiv-care-trajectories-in-north-carolina
#4
Kimberly A Powers, Erika Samoff, Mark A Weaver, Lynne A Sampson, William C Miller, Peter A Leone, Heidi Swygard
BACKGROUND: Long-term HIV care and treatment engagement is required for maximal clinical and prevention benefits, but longitudinal care patterns are poorly understood. We used the last 10 years' worth of HIV surveillance data from North Carolina to describe longitudinal HIV care trajectories from diagnosis. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, population-based cohort study of all persons newly diagnosed with HIV in North Carolina between March 31, 2006 and March 31, 2015 (N = 16,207)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078711/systematics-of-cladophora-spp-chlorophyta-from-north-carolina-usa-based-upon-morphology-and-dna-sequence-data-with-a-description-of-cladophora-subtilissima-sp-nov
#5
Robin L Taylor, Craig J Bailey, D Wilson Freshwater
Identification of Cladophora species is challenging due to conservation of gross morphology, few discrete autapomorphies, and environmental influences on morphology. Twelve species of marine Cladophora were reported from North Carolina waters. Cladophora specimens were collected from inshore and offshore marine waters for DNA sequence and morphological analyses. The nuclear-encoded rRNA internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS) were sequenced for 105 specimens and used in Molecular Assisted Identification (MAI)...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077113/a-possible-dose-response-association-between-distance-to-farmers-markets-and-roadside-produce-stands-frequency-of-shopping-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-and-body-mass-index-among-customers-in-the-southern-united-states
#6
Stephanie B Jilcott Pitts, Jedediah Hinkley, Qiang Wu, Jared T McGuirt, Mary Jane Lyonnais, Ann P Rafferty, Olivia R Whitt, Nancy Winterbauer, Lisa Phillips
BACKGROUND: The association between farmers' market characteristics and consumer shopping habits remains unclear. Our objective was to examine associations among distance to farmers' markets, amenities within farmers' markets, frequency of farmers' market shopping, fruit and vegetable consumption, and body mass index (BMI). We hypothesized that the relationship between frequency of farmers' market shopping and BMI would be mediated by fruit and vegetable consumption. METHODS: In 15 farmers' markets in northeastern North Carolina, July-September 2015, we conducted a cross-sectional survey among 263 farmers' market customers (199 provided complete address data) and conducted farmers' market audits...
January 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076439/predictors-of-student-productivity-in-biomedical-graduate-school-applications
#7
Joshua D Hall, Anna B O'Connell, Jeanette G Cook
Many US biomedical PhD programs receive more applications for admissions than they can accept each year, necessitating a selective admissions process. Typical selection criteria include standardized test scores, undergraduate grade point average, letters of recommendation, a resume and/or personal statement highlighting relevant research or professional experience, and feedback from interviews with training faculty. Admissions decisions are often founded on assumptions that these application components correlate with research success in graduate school, but these assumptions have not been rigorously tested...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075696/dual-eligibles-experience-of-care-with-north-carolina-s-patient-centered-medical-home
#8
Sarah Grantham, Debora Goetz Goldberg, Donna Lind Infeld
Although individuals enrolled in both Medicare and Medicaid (dual eligibles) are among those with the nation's greatest need, at $300 billion per year, their care is also expensive and beset by quality problems. Previous research found problems associated with inadequate coordination of benefits and services; however, these studies have largely used quantitative approaches and focused on providers-few studies have explored the perspective of dual eligible patients. In an effort to improve care and reduce costs, North Carolina (NC) developed a Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) model centered on a continuous relationship with a primary care provider who is responsible for coordination of services and addressing patients' health care needs by providing direct services or arranging care with other qualified professionals...
January 11, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073974/infertile-women-who-screen-positive-for-depression-are-less-likely-to-initiate-fertility-treatments
#9
Natalie M Crawford, Heather S Hoff, Jennifer E Mersereau
STUDY QUESTION: Are infertile women who screen positive for depression less likely to initiate infertility treatments? SUMMARY ANSWER: Infertile women who screen positive for depression are less likely to initiate treatment for infertility. WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN: Infertility imposes a psychological burden on many couples. Depression and anxiety have been demonstrated in ~40% of infertile women, which is twice that of fertile women. Further, the psychological burden associated with infertility treatment has been cited as a major factor for discontinuation of infertility care...
January 9, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071695/development-of-a-multiple-hybrid-population-for-genome-wide-association-studies-theoretical-consideration-and-genetic-mapping-of-flowering-traits-in-maize
#10
Hui Wang, Cheng Xu, Xiaogang Liu, Zifeng Guo, Xiaojie Xu, Shanhong Wang, Chuanxiao Xie, Wen-Xue Li, Cheng Zou, Yunbi Xu
Various types of populations have been used in genetics, genomics and crop improvement, including bi- and multi-parental populations and natural ones. The latter has been widely used in genome-wide association study (GWAS). However, inbred-based GWAS cannot be used to reveal the mechanisms involved in hybrid performance. We developed a novel maize population, multiple-hybrid population (MHP), consisting of 724 hybrids produced using 28 temperate and 23 tropical inbreds. The hybrids can be divided into three subpopulations, two diallels and NC (North Carolina Design) II...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070306/ecological-genomics-of-local-adaptation-in-cornus-florida-l-by-genotyping-by-sequencing
#11
Andrew L Pais, Ross W Whetten, Qiu-Yun Jenny Xiang
Discovering local adaptation, its genetic underpinnings, and environmental drivers is important for conserving forest species. Ecological genomic approaches coupled with next-generation sequencing are useful means to detect local adaptation and uncover its underlying genetic basis in nonmodel species. We report results from a study on flowering dogwood trees (Cornus florida L.) using genotyping by sequencing (GBS). This species is ecologically important to eastern US forests but is severely threatened by fungal diseases...
January 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053208/impacts-of-tillage-maturity-group-and-insecticide-use-on-megacopta-cribraria-hemiptera-plataspidae-populations-in-double-cropped-soybean
#12
Alejandro I Del Pozo-Valdivia, Dominic D Reisig, Jack S Bacheler
Megacopta cribraria (F.), also known as the kudzu bug, is a soybean pest in the United States, and it can cause up to a 60% yield reduction if not controlled. Insecticides are commonly used to manage this pest in commercial soybean fields. However, other soybean production practices may also affect kudzu bug populations. This study investigated the effect of soil tillage, maturity group selection, and insecticide use on kudzu bug densities in soybean. During 2012 and 2013, at two locations each year in North Carolina, four varieties of soybean maturity groups were planted in June into conventionally tilled plots and into plots with cereal crop residue under reduced tillage conditions (mimicking double-crop production)...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052061/integrated-genomic-characterization-of-oesophageal-carcinoma
#13
(no author information available yet)
Oesophageal cancers are prominent worldwide; however, there are few targeted therapies and survival rates for these cancers remain dismal. Here we performed a comprehensive molecular analysis of 164 carcinomas of the oesophagus derived from Western and Eastern populations. Beyond known histopathological and epidemiologic distinctions, molecular features differentiated oesophageal squamous cell carcinomas from oesophageal adenocarcinomas. Oesophageal squamous cell carcinomas resembled squamous carcinomas of other organs more than they did oesophageal adenocarcinomas...
January 4, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047658/we-fg-bra-05-potential-clinical-benefit-of-linac-flattening-filter-free-fff-mode-improvement-of-treatment-therapeutic-ratio
#14
S Chang, J Rivera, H Tian, A Price, C Santos, Y Zhang
PURPOSE: Ultrahigh dose-rate radiation at >40Gy/s has demonstrated astonishing normal-tissue sparing and tumor control in recent preclinical naive and tumor-bearing rodent studies when compared to the same radiation dose at a conventional dose-rate. The working mechanism of this fascinating dose-rate effect is currently under investigation. The aims of this work include investigating 1) whether LINAC FFF mode radiation at approximately 1Gy/s also has an improved therapeutic ratio compared to the same radiation dose at the conventional dose-rate of 0...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046178/using-single-step-genomic-best-linear-unbiased-predictor-to-enhance-the-mitigation-of-seasonal-losses-due-to-heat-stress-in-pigs
#15
B O Fragomeni, D A L Lourenco, S Tsuruta, H L Bradford, K A Gray, Y Huang, I Misztal
The purposes of this study were to analyze the impact of seasonal losses due to heat stress in pigs from different breeds raised in different environments and to evaluate the accuracy improvement from adding genomic information to genetic evaluations. Data were available for 2 different swine populations: purebred Duroc animals raised in Texas and North Carolina and commercial crosses of Duroc and F females (Landrace × Large White) raised in Missouri and North Carolina; pedigrees provided links for animals from different states...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040839/bob-h-reinhardt-the-end-of-a-global-pox-america-and-the-eradication-of-smallpox-in-the-cold-war-era-the-university-of-north-carolina-press-chapel-hill-2015-268-pp-hard-cover-illustrated-figure-maps-table-notes-bibliography-index-39-95
#16
Pascal James Imperato
This review examines in detail Bob H. Reinhardt's meticulous analyses of smallpox eradication within the broad context of American liberalism, Cold War politics, and the exercise of technological, medical, and political power on the part of the United States. As a result, his book provides a unique perspective on the eradication of smallpox.
December 31, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036136/maternal-source-of-variability-in-the-embryo-development-of-an-annual-killifish
#17
M Polačik, C Smith, M Reichard
Organisms inhabiting unpredictable environments often evolve diversified reproductive bet-hedging strategies, expressed as production of multiple offspring phenotypes, thereby avoiding complete reproductive failure. To cope with unpredictable rainfall, African annual killifish from temporary savannah pools lay drought-resistant eggs that vary widely in the duration of embryo development. We examined the sources of variability in the duration of individual embryo development, egg production and fertilization rate in Nothobranchius furzeri...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034981/a-preliminary-examination-of-the-comparative-efficacy-of-intravenous-vs-oral-acetaminophen-in-the-treatment-of-perioperative-pain
#18
Anthony Plunkett, Chelsey Haley, Amy McCoart, Thomas Beltran, Krista Beth Highland, Cristobal Berry-Caban, Sherry Lamberth, Michael Bartoszek
: OBJECTIVE : The management of postoperative pain is a major health care issue. While the cost of intravenous acetaminophen (IVA) is significantly greater than its oral acetaminophen (OA) counterpart, less is known regarding comparative effectiveness of these routes. The purpose of this study was to determine whether perioperative IVA is equivalent in reducing postoperative pain compared with perioperative OA for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LapChole). DESIGN:  Double-blinded, prospective, randomized placebo-controlled trial...
December 29, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033146/health-service-management-interns-serve-as-practice-facilitators-for-patient-centered-medical-home-recognition-east-carolina-university-appalachian-state-university-initiative
#19
Bonita Sasnett, R W Watkins, Marianne Ferlazzo
East Carolina University College of Allied Health Science's Department of Health Services Management program is partnering with Community Care of North Carolina and Access East to transform medical practices and educate students on the Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) model of health care delivery. Why now? The Affordable Care Act (2010) and other health care reform changes brought to the forefront the need to focus on improving the quality of care while lowering the overall cost of care. This article describes the first year of implementation of a PCMH initiative where students in a health services management internship program act as facilitators to assist practices in the PCMH recognition process...
December 28, 2016: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017419/integrating-remote-sensing-with-nutrient-management-plans-to-calculate-nitrogen-parameters-for-swine-cafos-at-the-sprayfield-and-sub-watershed-scales
#20
Elizabeth C Christenson, Marc L Serre
North Carolina (NC) regulates swine concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) using five-year nutrient management plans (NMPs) requiring the plant available nitrogen sprayed (PANspray) to be less than that utilized by crops (PANcrops), i.e. the PAN balance (defined as PANbal=PANspray-PANcrops) remains negative, which avoids over-spraying liquid effluent onto crops. Objectives of this research are first to characterize Duplin County sprayfields and PANbal by creating the first, open-source sprayfield spatial database created for swine CAFOs in NC (for Duplin County)...
December 22, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
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