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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732956/sonocatalytic-removal-of-ibuprofen-and-sulfamethoxazole-in-the-presence-of-different-fly-ash-sources
#1
Yasir A J Al-Hamadani, Chang Min Park, Lateef N Assi, Kyoung Hoon Chu, Shamia Hoque, Min Jang, Yeomin Yoon, Paul Ziehl
We examined the feasibility of using two types of fly ash (an industrial waste from thermal power plants) as a low-cost catalyst to enhance the ultrasonic (US) degradation of ibuprofen (IBP) and sulfamethoxazole (SMX). Two fly ashes, Belews Creek fly ash (BFA), from a power station in North Carolina, and Wateree Station fly ash (WFA), from a power station in South Carolina, were used. The results showed that >99% removal of IBP and SMX was achieved within 30 and 60min of sonication, respectively, at 580kHz and pH 3...
November 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728142/strategies-to-improve-private-well-water-quality-a-north-carolina-perspective
#2
REVIEW
Jacqueline MacDonald Gibson, Kelsey J Pieper
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that the 44.5 million U.S. residents drawing their drinking water from private wells face higher risks of waterborne contaminant exposure than those served by regulated community water supplies. Among U.S. states, North Carolina (N.C.) has the second-largest population relying on private wells, making it a useful microcosm to study challenges to maintaining private-well water quality. OBJECTIVES: This paper summarizes recommendations from a two-day summit to identify options to improve drinking-water quality for N...
July 7, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726272/does-maternity-care-coordination-influence-perinatal-health-care-utilization-evidence-from-north-carolina
#3
Marianne M Hillemeier, Marisa E Domino, Rebecca Wells, Ravi K Goyal, Hye-Chung Kum, Dorothy Cilenti, Anirban Basu
OBJECTIVE: To examine effects of maternity care coordination (MCC) on perinatal health care utilization among low-income women. DATA SOURCES: North Carolina Center for Health Statistics Baby Love files that include birth certificates, maternity care coordination records, WIC records, and Medicaid claims. STUDY DESIGN: Causal effects of MCC participation on health care outcomes were estimated in a sample of 7,124 singleton Medicaid-covered births using multiple linear regressions with inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW)...
July 20, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724685/claims-data-to-improve-health-in-north-carolina-a-report-from-the-nciom-task-force-on-all-payer-claims-database-march-2017
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724683/roadmap-to-value-driven-health-care
#5
Gary Salamido
Uncertainty over future health care costs is a major concern to business and acts as a throttle, limiting new investment. This article discusses how the North Carolina Chamber is committed to making North Carolina a top-10 state for health care value, thus creating a robust business environment across the state.
July 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724682/from-the-memphis-model-to-the-north-carolina-way-lessons-learned-from-emerging-health-system-and-faith-community-partnerships
#6
Teresa Cutts, Gary Gunderson, Dean Carter, Melanie Childers, Phillip Long, Lisa Marisiddaiah, Helen Milleson, Dennis Stamper, Annika Archie, Jeremy Moseley, Emily Viverette, Bobby Baker
National health care policy has encouraged health systems to develop community partnerships designed to decrease costs and readmissions, particularly for underserved populations. This commentary describes and compares the Congregational Health Network's Memphis Model to early local efforts at clinical-faith community partnerships in North Carolina, which we call "The North Carolina Way." Necessary components for building robust health system and congregational partnerships to address social determinants of health and impact health care utilization include partnership growth, allocation of health system resources, community trust, and time...
July 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724681/the-accountable-care-workforce-bridging-the-health-divide-in-north-carolina
#7
Erica L Richman, Brianna M Lombardi, Lisa de Saxe Zerden
Accountable care communities form as health care entities partner with communities to more fully address population health. This partnership requires an adaptable, boundary spanning, and diverse workforce, as well as flexible regulatory and governing structures that adapt to changing payment models, task shifting, and new roles in health care.
July 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724671/accountable-care-communities
#8
Marcus Plescia, Michael Dulin
Accountable care communities are a new health model that involves multiple stakeholders working together to improve the health and well-being of their communities by addressing social determinants of health. Stakeholders include health care delivery systems, public health organizations, and community organizations. In an accountable care community, the stakeholders commit to share responsibility, resources, and data to improve community health indicators. Accountable care communities are a promising model to both decrease medical costs and improve health outcomes by placing greater emphasis on addressing social and economic issues that ultimately define health...
July 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724669/seeds-of-hope-incorporating-community-based-strategies-to-implement-a-weight-loss-and-empowerment-intervention-in-eastern-north-carolina
#9
Lorenzo N Hopper, Kate F Blackman, Rachel A Page, Katie Barnes, Ziya Gizlice, A Imani Rivera, Lori Carter-Edwards
Seeds of HOPE (Health, Opportunities, Partnerships, and Empowerment) was a community-based participatory research project designed to implement an evidence-based weight loss and empowerment intervention aimed at increasing self-efficacy through peer support. HOPE Works, its model, has yielded significant weight loss and increases in participants' ability to set and achieve goals, including in consumption of fruits and vegetables and in physical activity.METHODS The Seeds of HOPE project was implemented through 3 peer leader recruitment approaches using Circle Leaders...
July 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724668/mortality-rates-and-cause-of-death-among-former-prison-inmates-in-north-carolina
#10
Mark Jones, Gregory D Kearney, Xiaohui Xu, Tammy Norwood, Scott K Proescholdbell
BACKGROUND Inmates face challenges upon release from prison, including increased risk of death. We examine mortality among former inmates in North Carolina, including both violent and nonviolent deaths.METHODS A retrospective cohort study among former North Carolina inmates released between 2008 and 2010 were linked with North Carolina mortality data to determine cause of death. Inmates were followed through December 31, 2012. Mortality rates among former inmates were compared with deaths among North Carolina residents using standardized mortality ratios (SMRs)...
July 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723242/interspecific-and-intraspecific-hybrid-epichlo%C3%A3-species-symbiotic-with-the-north-american-native-grass-poa-alsodes
#11
Tatsiana Shymanovich, Nikki D Charlton, Ashleigh M Musso, Jonathan Scheerer, Nadja B Cech, Stanley H Faeth, Carolyn A Young
The endophyte presence and diversity in natural populations of Poa alsodes were evaluated along a latitudinal transect from the southern distribution range in North Carolina to New York. Two distinct Epichloë hybrid taxa were identified from 23 populations. Each taxon could easily be distinguished by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) genotyping with primers designed to mating type genes and alkaloid biosynthesis genes that encode key pathway steps for ergot alkaloids, indole-diterpenes, lolines, and peramine...
June 26, 2017: Mycologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716014/the-comprehensive-post-acute-stroke-services-compass-study-design-and-methods-for-a-cluster-randomized-pragmatic-trial
#12
Pamela W Duncan, Cheryl D Bushnell, Wayne D Rosamond, Sara B Jones Berkeley, Sabina B Gesell, Ralph B D'Agostino, Walter T Ambrosius, Blair Barton-Percival, Janet Prvu Bettger, Sylvia W Coleman, Doyle M Cummings, Janet K Freburger, Jacqueline Halladay, Anna M Johnson, Anna M Kucharska-Newton, Gladys Lundy-Lamm, Barbara J Lutz, Laurie H Mettam, Amy M Pastva, Mysha E Sissine, Betsy Vetter
BACKGROUND: Patients discharged home after stroke face significant challenges managing residual neurological deficits, secondary prevention, and pre-existing chronic conditions. Post-discharge care is often fragmented leading to increased healthcare costs, readmissions, and sub-optimal utilization of rehabilitation and community services. The COMprehensive Post-Acute Stroke Services (COMPASS) Study is an ongoing cluster-randomized pragmatic trial to assess the effectiveness of a comprehensive, evidence-based, post-acute care model on patient-centered outcomes...
July 17, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714843/roseomonas-suffusca-sp-nov-isolated-from-lagoon-sediments
#13
Y Subhash, Sang-Seob Lee
Three light-brown-coloured, Gram-stain-negative, small rod- to oval-shaped, motile bacteria were isolated from lagoon sediments collected from North Carolina, USA. The strains (S1T, AS3 and AS6) grew aerobically at 13-42 °C (optimum, 30-35 °C) and pH 6.5-9.1 (optimum, pH 7.0-7.5). All three strains were positive for catalase and oxidase activity, and no added NaCl was required for growth. C18 : 1ω6c/C18 : 1ω7c, C16 : 1ω6c/C16 : 1ω7c, C18 : 1ω7c 11-methyl and C16 : 0 were the predominant fatty acids (>5 %)...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714357/pharmaceutical-assistance-programs-for-cancer-patients-in-the-era-of-orally-administered-chemotherapeutics
#14
Aaron Mitchell, Benyam Muluneh, Rachana Patel, Ethan Basch
Introduction The rising cost of cancer drugs may make treatment unaffordable for some patients. Patients often rely on drug manufacturer-administered Pharmaceutical Assistance Programs (PAPs) to obtain drugs and reduced or no cost. The overall usage of PAPs within cancer care delivery is unknown. Methods We included all cancer patients across an academically affiliated, integrated health system in North Carolina during 2014 ( N = 8591). We identified the subset of patients receiving PAP assistance to afford one or more cancer drugs, in order to calculate the proportion of patients receiving PAP assistance, and the retail value of the assistance...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709033/vegetated-land-cover-near-residence-is-associated-with-reduced-allostatic-load-and-improved-biomarkers-of-neuroendocrine-metabolic-and-immune-functions
#15
Andrey I Egorov, Shannon M Griffin, Reagan R Converse, Jennifer N Styles, Elizabeth A Sams, Anthony Wilson, Laura E Jackson, Timothy J Wade
BACKGROUND: Greater exposure to urban green spaces has been linked to reduced risks of depression, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and premature death. Alleviation of chronic stress is a hypothesized pathway to improved health. Previous studies linked chronic stress with a biomarker-based composite measure of physiological dysregulation known as allostatic load. OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to assess the relationship between vegetated land cover near residences and allostatic load...
July 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708816/determination-of-the-minimal-clinically-important-difference-of-the-university-of-north-carolina-dry-eye-management-scale
#16
Christopher J Hwang, Reeves Ellis, Richard M Davis, Sue Tolleson-Rinehart
PURPOSE: To establish an initial estimation of the MCID of the University of North Carolina Dry Eye Management Scale (UNC DEMS) and assess its association with patient perceptions of symptom change. METHODS: Thirty-three patients (33.3% men, 67.7% women, mean age 60.5 yrs) with previous DEMS scores were recruited from a UNC ophthalmology clinic in spring 2014. We used anchor-based methods, categorizing important symptom change, to compare the change in the DEMS scores across visits to patient assessments of change; linear regression coefficients estimated the MCID...
July 13, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704143/north-carolina-state-agencies-working-to-prevent-agricultural-injuries-and-illnesses
#17
Ricky Langley, Anne Hirsch, Regina Cullen, John Allran, Renee Woody, Derrick Bell
Over the past 25 years, the North Carolina Departments of Labor, Agriculture and Consumer Services, and Health and Human Services have worked with farmers, farmworkers, commodity and trade associations, universities, and cooperative extension agents to develop programs to decrease the occurrence of injuries and illnesses among agricultural workers and their families. The Bureau of Agricultural Safety and Health in the North Carolina Department of Labor helped craft the Migrant Housing Act, created the Gold Star program, and developed numerous projects promoting rural highway safety and farm safety...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702893/medical-costs-of-treating-breast-cancer-among-younger-medicaid-beneficiaries-by-stage-at-diagnosis
#18
Justin G Trogdon, Donatus U Ekwueme, Diana Poehler, Cheryll C Thomas, Katherine Reeder-Hayes, Benjamin T Allaire
BACKGROUND: Younger women (aged 18-44 years) diagnosed with breast cancer often face more aggressive tumors, higher treatment intensity, and lower survival rates than older women. In this study, we estimated incident breast cancer costs by stage at diagnosis and by race for younger women enrolled in Medicaid. METHODS: We analyzed cancer registry data linked to Medicaid claims in North Carolina from 2003 to 2008. We used Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Summary 2000 definitions for cancer stage...
July 12, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695396/active-smoking-and-survival-following-breast-cancer-among-african-american-and-non-african-american-women-in-the-carolina-breast-cancer-study
#19
Humberto Parada, Xuezheng Sun, Chiu-Kit Tse, Andrew F Olshan, Melissa A Troester, Kathleen Conway
PURPOSE: To examine racial differences in smoking rates at the time of breast cancer diagnosis and subsequent survival among African American and non-African American women in the Carolina Breast Cancer Study (Phases I/II), a large population-based North Carolina study. METHODS: We interviewed 788 African American and 1,020 Caucasian/non-African American women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer from 1993 to 2000, to assess smoking history. After a median follow-up of 13...
July 10, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692389/evaluation-of-the-components-of-the-north-carolina-syndromic-surveillance-system-heat-syndrome-case-definition
#20
Laurel Harduar Morano, Anna E Waller
OBJECTIVES: To improve heat-related illness surveillance, we evaluated and refined North Carolina's heat syndrome case definition. METHODS: We analyzed North Carolina emergency department (ED) visits during 2012-2014. We evaluated the current heat syndrome case definition (ie, keywords in chief complaint/triage notes or International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification [ ICD-9-CM] codes) and additional heat-related inclusion and exclusion keywords...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
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