keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Isospora

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115153/molecular-and-morphological-description-of-isospora-sp-from-common-mynah-acridotheres-tristis-and-preliminary-survey-of-two-anticoccidial-drugs-in-natural-infection
#1
Seyed Ahmad Madani, Fatemeh Arabkhazaeli, Elyas Shakeri, Sedigheh Nabian
Coccidian parasites especially Isospora are prevalent parasites in Passeriformes. Isosporan oocysts from common mynahs (Acridotheres tristis) are incompletely described. Detailed knowledge on biology, prevalence, pathogenesis and treatment of avian isosporiasis are scant. In this study isosporan oocysts isolated from common mynahs were morphologically and molecularly characterized. The medication efficiencies of diclazuril and sulfadiazine-trimethoprim in isosporiasis in naturally infected mynahs were evaluated...
November 8, 2017: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114134/epidemiological-investigation-of-gastrointestinal-parasites-in-dog-populations-in-basra-province-southern-iraq
#2
Khawla B N Al-Jassim, Yasser S Mahmmod, Zainab M Salem, Azmi Al-Jubury
The understanding of the epidemiology of canine parasitic infections is necessary for an efficient control program to minimize the risk of zoonotic transmission. The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the prevalence of canine gastrointestinal helminths and protozoa in Basra province, Southern Iraq, and (2) to identify the association of epidemiological characteristics (age, breed, gender, and feed type) of dogs with the parasitic infections. A total of 93 fecal samples, collected in the period from December 2014 to June 2015, were examined macroscopically and microscopically for the presence of worm eggs and protozoal oocysts, using centrifugal flotation method...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091123/diversity-and-distribution-of-coccidia-of-wild-birds-in-an-atlantic-forest-fragment-area-in-southeastern-brazil
#3
Patrícia Silva de Oliveira, Matheus Alexandre Ferreira, Lidiane Maria da Silva, Mariana Borges Rodrigues, Sergian Vianna Cardozo, Bruno Pereira Berto
Coccidia are protozoan parasites that are frequently observed in fecal samples from wild birds, and they are extremely important for biodiversity, host specificity and conservation. The aim of the present study was to identify and quantify the coccidian species from wild birds caught in a fragmented area of Atlantic Forest in the municipality of Guapimirim in the state of Rio de Janeiro, which is located around the Serra dos Órgãos National Park. A total of 101 birds were caught and identified. The highest prevalence and density were observed in the family Columbidae (Columbiformes)...
October 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989067/phylogenies-based-on-combined-mitochondrial-and-nuclear-sequences-conflict-with-morphologically-defined-genera-in-the-eimeriid-coccidia-apicomplexa
#4
Mosun E Ogedengbe, Shiem El-Sherry, Joseph D Ogedengbe, H David Chapman, John R Barta
Partial mitochondrial (mt) cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) and near-complete nuclear (nu) 18S rDNA sequences were obtained from various eimeriid coccidia infecting vertebrates. New and published sequences were used in phylogenetic reconstructions based on nu 18S rDNA, mt COI and concatenated sequence datasets. Bayesian analyses of nu 18S rDNA sequences used secondary structure-based alignments with a doublet nucleotide substitution model; the codon nucleotide substitution model was applied to COI sequences...
October 6, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988952/uncommon-and-fatal-case-of-cystoisosporiasis-in-a-non-hiv-immunosuppressed-patient-from-a-non-endemic-country
#5
Lucie Post, Cécile Garnaud, Danièle Maubon, Hervé Pelloux, Catherine Mansard, Annick Bosseray, Céline Dard
Cystoisospora belli (previously known as Isospora belli) is a tropical coccidian parasite sometimes leading to severe diarrhea in immunocompromised patients. Here we describe a fatal case of cystoisosporiasis in a non HIV-immunocompromised 71-year-old female with no recent travel history. Infection was either latent or potentially caused by the consumption of contaminated imported food from Asia. Diagnosis was made by microscopical detection of numerous C. belli oocysts in stools without specific staining. Treatment with TMP-SMZ slightly improved diarrhea within 3days, but dehydration subsequently led to acute decompensated heart failure and a fatal evolution...
October 6, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979348/natural-intestinal-protozoa-in-rodents-rodentia-gerbillinae-murinae-cricetinae-in-northwestern-iran
#6
Mehdi Mohebali, Zabiholah Zarei, Khadijeh Khanaliha, Eshrat Beigom Kia, Afsaneh Motavalli-Haghi, Jaber Davoodi, Tahereh Rezaeian, Fathemeh Tarighi, Mostafa Rezaeian
BACKGROUND: Majority of parasitic infections in rodents have zoonotic importance. This study aimed to determine the frequency and intensity of intestinal protozoa infections of rodents including Meriones persicus, Mus musculus and, Cricetulus migratorius. METHODS: This survey was conducted in Meshkin Shahr district in northwestern Iran from Mar. to Dec. of 2014. Intestinal samples of 204 rodents including M. persicus (n=117), M. musculus (n=63) and C. migratorius (n=24) were parasitologically examined...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969118/spectrum-of-parasitic-infections-in-patients-with-diarrhoea-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-western-rajasthan-india
#7
Kumar Saurabh, Vijaya Lakshmi Nag, Saroj Dash, Anand Kumar Maurya, Vivek Hada, Richa Agrawal, Himanshu Narula, Anuradha Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Owing to the poor socioeconomic conditions and lack of sanitary hygiene, a large number of population in developing countries remain under constant threat of different parasitic infections causing severe morbidity and mortality. Enough measures to prevent and reduce the disease burden are still to be undertaken. AIM: Aim of the study was to determine the spectrum of parasitic infections in patients with complaints of diarrhoea and other gastrointestinal symptoms attending a tertiary care hospital in Western Rajasthan, India...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942051/clinical-cystoisosporosis-associated-to-porcine-cytomegalovirus-pcmv-suid-herpesvirus-2-infection-in-fattening-pigs
#8
Walter Basso, Hanna Marti, Monika Hilbe, Titus Sydler, Anina Stahel, Esther Bürgi, Xaver Sidler
Cystoisospora (syn. Isospora) suis is the causative agent of neonatal porcine coccidiosis and one of the main causes of diarrhoea in suckling piglets worldwide. Infection with porcine cytomegalovirus (PCMV, Suid herpesvirus 2) causes inclusion body rhinitis in pigs. In a Swiss pig herd (n=2 boars, 7 sows, 2 gilts, 18 finishing pigs, 30 fattening pigs, 54 suckling piglets), an outbreak of PCMV infection with high morbidity in all age categories, characterized by fever, anorexia, reduced general condition, respiratory signs and increased piglet mortality, was diagnosed by histopathology and molecular methods...
December 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712665/isospora-belli
#9
A Ros Die, J M Nogueira Coito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691033/prevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-and-other-gastrointestinal-parasites-in-domestic-cats-from-households-in-thika-region-kenya
#10
Adele Nyambura Njuguna, John Maina Kagira, Simon Muturi Karanja, Maina Ngotho, Lucy Mutharia, Naomi Wangari Maina
Gastrointestinal (GIT) parasites of domestic cats (Felis catus) not only cause morbidity but are also potential zoonotic agents. The current study aimed at establishing the prevalence of GIT parasites in cats kept by households in Thika region, Kenya. Fecal samples were collected randomly from 103 cats and analyzed for presence of parasites using standard parasitological methods. In descending order, the prevalence of the detected protozoa parasites was Isospora spp. 43.7% (95% CI: 40.4-47%), Cryptosporidium spp...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664702/invasive-forms-of-canine-endoparasites-as-a-potential-threat-to-public-health-a-review-and-own-studies
#11
REVIEW
Mirosława Felsmann, Mirosław Michalski, Mariusz Felsmann, Rajmund Sokół, Józef Szarek, Emilia Strzyżewska-Worotyńska
[b]Abstract [/b] Dogs serve as the vectors of serious zoonotic parasitic diseases. In the month of May 2012 - 2014, 339 dog faeces samples from seven public sites in Chełmno, a town in northern Poland, were collected and examined to determine the gastrointestinal parasite fauna of dogs. Each faecal sample was dissected with a needle, checked for tapeworm segments and examined for parasite eggs and oocysts using the flotation and decantation method and a modified Baermann technique. Differences were observed in the degree of parasite species occurrence...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579625/prevalence-of-potentially-zoonotic-gastrointestinal-parasites-in-canine-faeces-in-ibadan-nigeria
#12
Adekunle B Ayinmode, Oluwasola O Obebe, Ebenezer Olayemi
BACKGROUND: Humans can get infected through direct or indirect contact with infective stages of zoonotic parasites shed to the environment through dog faeces. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate the presence of gastrointestinal parasites present in dog faeces shed on the street of Ibadan metropolis, one of the largest cities in Africa. METHODS: Twenty-three locations were randomly selected using grid-sampling method. A total of 203 faecal samples collected from the streets of selected areas were processed for detection of helminth eggs and protozoan oocysts using flotation technique...
December 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506307/intestinal-parasitic-infections-and-its-association-with-undernutrition-and-cd4-t-cell-levels-among-hiv-aids-patients-on-haart-in-butajira-ethiopia
#13
Dereje Gedle, Gemechu Kumera, Tewodros Eshete, Kasahun Ketema, Haweni Adugna, Fetuma Feyera
BACKGROUND: Intestinal parasitic infections and HIV/AIDS have been the major public health problems and remain a vital cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Both problems are linked in a vicious cycle. The magnitude of intestinal parasites was prevalent among people living with HIV/AIDS even in the HAART era. However, the pertinent risk factors associated with intestinal parasites among HIV/AIDS patients were not well investigated in Ethiopia particularly at Butajira town...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495225/detection-and-molecular-status-of-isospora-sp-from-the-domestic-pigeon-columba-livia-domestica
#14
Ryuma Matsubara, Yasuhiro Fukuda, Fumi Murakoshi, Osamu Nomura, Toru Suzuki, Chika Tada, Yutaka Nakai
The domestic pigeon, Columba livia domestica, is reared for meat production, as a pet, or for racing. Few reports have characterized the parasitic protists from the genus Isospora isolated from Columbiformes. We detected Isospora-like oocysts from C. livia reared for racing. The oocyst contained two sporocysts, and each sporocyst included four sporozoites. The sporulated oocysts (n=4) were spherical; their mean diameters were 25.6 (24.0-27.2)×24.7 (23.4-26.0) μm. Micropyles, polar granules, and oocyst residuum were absent...
May 8, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459013/coccidian-intestinal-parasites-among-immunocompetent-children-presenting-with-diarrhea-are-we-missing-them
#15
Praveen Kumar, Omvati Vats, Dinesh Kumar, Sarman Singh
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea is an important cause of both morbidity and mortality among children in India. Coccidian parasitic infections are an important cause of diarrhea in immunocompromised patients, but their investigations are rarely sought by the treating physicians in seemingly immunocompetent children. This study was aimed to find the incidence rate of coccidian parasites in all children presented with diarrhoea, irrespective of their immune status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between December 2015 and May 2016, all fecal samples from children aged between 0 and 15 years presenting with diarrhoea, irrespective of their immune status, were examined using conventional wet mount and modified acid-fast staining...
January 2017: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426404/the-ruby-crowned-tanager-tachyphonus-coronatus-vieillot-1822-passeriformes-thraupidae-as-a-new-host-for-isospora-ramphoceli-berto-flausino-luz-ferreira-lopes-2010-in-brazil
#16
Mariana Borges Rodrigues, Irlane Faria de Pinho, Lidiane Maria da Silva, Bruno doBomfim Lopes, Hermes Ribeiro Luz, Ildemar Ferreira, Carlos Wilson Gomes Lopes, Bruno Pereira Berto
Despite 12 coccidian species had been recorded from passerines of the Thraupidae family, none of them has been reported in the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, in Southeastern Brazil. This locality is a protected area with a high degree of vulnerability, and is considered a "conservation island" of biodiversity. The aim of the current work was describe Isospora ramphoceli Berto, Flausino, Luz, Ferreira, Lopes, 2010 from ruby-crowned tanagers Tachyphonus coronatus Vieillot, 1822 in the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423067/isospora-albicollis-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-in-thrushes-turdus-spp-passeriformes-turdidae-in-southeastern-brazil
#17
Irlane Faria de Pinho, Lidiane Maria da Silva, Mariana Borges Rodrigues, Mariana de Souza Oliveira, Bruno do Bomfim Lopes, Hermes Ribeiro Luz, Ildemar Ferreira, Carlos Wilson Gomes Lopes, Bruno Pereira Berto
The aim of the present study was to report and describe Isospora albicollis Lainson and Shaw, 1989 parasitizing a white-necked thrush Turdus albicollis Vieillot, 1818 and a pale-breasted thrush Turdus leucomelas Vieillot, 1818 in two different localities: the Itatiaia National Park and Cacaria, in southeastern Brazil. The oocysts identified were ovoidal, 24.4 × 19.7 μm, with a smooth, bilayered wall, around 1.4 μm thick. Oocyst residuum was absent, but a micropyle and a polar granule were present. The sporocysts were ellipsoidal, 15...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366929/strongyloides-stercoralis-infection-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-infected-patients-in-the-united-states-of-america-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
Laia Jimena Vazquez Guillamet, Zane Saul, Goran Miljkovich, Gabriel Alejandro Vilchez, Nikolai Mendonca, Venkata Gourineni, Nicholas Lillo, Marguerite Pinto, Aurengzaib Baig, Louie Mar Gangcuangco
BACKGROUND Strongyloides stercoralis infection is endemic in subtropical and tropical regions but is reported rather sporadically in temperate countries. In the USA, the highest rates of infection are from the southeastern states, predominantly among immigrants. There is paucity of case reports on S. stercoralis infection among HIV-infected patients who were born and raised in the USA. CASE REPORT A 61-year-old male with known HIV infection (CD4 count: 235 cells/uL, undetectable HIV RNA, on antiretroviral therapy) presented with a 3-month history of diarrhea...
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363058/investigation-of-the-presence-of-atoxoplasma-spp-in-blue-crowned-laughingthrush-dryonastes-courtoisi-adults-and-neonates
#19
Florence Mohr, Martha Betson, Benoit Quintard
Between 1996 and 2013, 71 blue-crowned laughingthrush (Dryonastes courtoisi) chicks, a small passerine bird endemic to China, were born at Mulhouse Zoo in northeast France. None of them survived past 1 yr, and 82% died between 0 and 6 days old of an unidentified cause and despite an attempt to establish an artificial breeding protocol. Atoxoplasma spp., causing a disease known as systemic isosporosis, is a coccidian parasite that can infect several species of birds. Mulhouse's adult birds were suspected to be infected with Atoxoplasma spp...
March 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319677/characterization-and-distribution-of-isospora-sabiai-n-sp-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-from-thrushes-turdus-spp-passeriformes-turdidae-from-brazil
#20
Irlane F de Pinho, Mariana B Rodrigues, Lidiane M Silva, Bruno do B Lopes, Mariana S Oliveira, Matheus A Ferreira, Sergian V Cardozo, Hermes R Luz, Ildemar Ferreira, Carlos Wilson G Lopes, Bruno P Berto
A new coccidian species (Protozoa: Apicomplexa: Isospora) is described parasitizing white-necked thrushes Turdus albicollis Vieillot, 1818; rufous-bellied thrushes Turdus rufiventris Vieillot, 1818; pale-breasted thrushes Turdus leucomelas Vieillot, 1818; and yellow-legged thrushes Turdus flavipes Vieillot, 1818 from 3 different localities in Brazil. Isospora sabiai n. sp. has oocysts that are subspherical to ellipsoidal, 20.9 × 18.6 μm, with smooth, delicate, bilayered wall, ∼1.1 μm thick. Micropyle inconspicuous or imperceptible...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitology
keyword
keyword
4385
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"