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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091387/prevalence-of-intestinal-parasites-in-cats-and-their-importance-in-terms-of-public-health
#1
Umut Fikret Korkmaz, Sami Gökpınar, Kader Yıldız
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to detect the prevalence of intestinal parasites in cats by fecal examination. METHODS: A total of 100 fecal samples were collected from owned and stray cats in the Kırıkkale province. Epidemiological data on the sampled cats (e.g., age, race, and sex) were recorded. The samples were macroscopically investigated for the presence of cestode proglottids. The fecal smears were stained with Giemsa and Carbol fuchsin stains. The samples were prepared by centrifugal flotation with a saturated sugar solution...
December 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062994/some-remarks-on-the-distribution-and-dispersion-of-coccidia-from-icterid-birds-in-south-america-isospora-guaxi-n-sp-and-isospora-bellicosa-upton-stamper-whitaker-1995-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-from-the-red-rumped-cacique-cacicus-haemorrhous-l-passeriformes-icteridae
#2
Lidiane Maria da Silva, Mariana Borges Rodrigues, Irlane Faria de Pinho, Bruno do Bomfim Lopes, Hermes Ribeiro Luz, Ildemar Ferreira, Carlos Wilson Gomes Lopes, Bruno Pereira Berto
A new species of coccidian, Isospora guaxi n. sp., and Isospora bellicosa Upton, Stamper & Whitaker, 1995 (Protozoa: Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) are recorded from red-rumped caciques Cacicus haemorrhous (L.) in the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, Brazil. Isospora guaxi n. sp. has sub-spheroidal oöcysts, measuring on average 30.9 × 29.0 μm, with smooth, bi-layered wall c.1.9 μm thick. Micropyle and oöcyst residuum are absent, but a polar granule is present. Sporocysts are ellipsoidal, measuring on average 19...
January 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998804/isospora-lunaris-n-sp-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-from-the-domestic-java-sparrow-in-japan
#3
Toshihiro Tokiwa, Atsushi Kojima, Shun Sasaki, Rie Kubota, Kazunori Ike
Five individuals of the domestic Java sparrows, Lonchura oryzivora (Aves: Estrildidae), were examined for coccidian parasites. Sporulated oocysts had two sporocysts containing four sporozoites each. Sporulated oocysts (n=30) were spherical, with a two splinter-like polar granules. Oocyst size was 22.1×20.7 (20.0-25.0×20.0-22.5)μm. They had a thick wall that consisted of a pale yellow outer layer and a dark yellow inner layer, and lacked micropyle and residuum. Sporocysts (n=60) were elongated ovoid 14.1×9...
December 18, 2016: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992979/-enteroparasite-determination-in-lactuca-sativa-from-farms-dedicated-to-its-production-in-pasto-colombia
#4
Giovanni Andrés Polo, Carmenza Janneth Benavides, Juan Manuel Astaiza, Dario Antonio Vallejo, Patricia Betancourt
INTRODUCTION: Currently, vegetables like lettuce are widely recommended as part of the daily diet given their high nutritional value; however, while consumers feel attracted to the benefits provided by the vegetable, they may also be exposed to parasitic intestinal infections. OBJECTIVE: To determine the presence or absence of enteroparasites in lettuce (Lactuca sativa) grown in the rural area in the municipality of Pasto, and to analyze associated factors based on the characterization of the lands...
December 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942456/fecal-parasite-identification-by-microscopy-and-pcr-in-scimitar-horned-oryx-oryx-dammah-managed-at-two-sites
#5
Cassandra Dawn Pauling, Anna R Oller, Victoria Jackson
The scimitar-horned oryx, Oryx dammah, an endangered species extinct in the wild, is managed in various captive management programs and is the focus of reintroduction efforts. Management variability can contribute to substantial parasite load differences, which can affect deworming programs and potentially transfer parasites to different regions with translocations. Parasite studies in O. dammah are lacking. In this study, we determined fecal egg/oocyst counts of O. dammah in two captive herds, Fossil Rim Wildlife Center (FRWC) and Kansas City Zoo (KCZ)...
December 2016: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934806/molecular-appraisal-of-intestinal-parasitic-infection-in-transplant-recipients
#6
Pooja Yadav, Shehla Khalil, Bijay Ranjan Mirdha
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Diarrhoea is the main clinical manifestation caused by intestinal parasitic infections in patients, with special reference to transplant recipients who require careful consideration to reduce morbidity and mortality. Further, molecular characterization of some important parasites is necessary to delineate the different modes of transmission to consider appropriate management strategies. We undertook this study to investigate the intestinal parasitic infections in transplant recipients with or without diarrhoea, and the genotypes of the isolated parasites were also determined...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795876/a-study-of-parasitic-and-bacterial-pathogens-associated-with-diarrhea-in-hiv-positive-patients
#7
Siddharth Shah, Vaishali Kongre, Varun Kumar, Renu Bharadwaj
INTRODUCTION: Diarrhea is a common complication of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), occurring in almost 90% of AIDS patients in developing countries like India. The present study was aimed to determine the prevalence and microbiological profile of pathogens associated with diarrhea in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients and their relation to CD4 counts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five successive HIV-positive patients, 27 with diarrhea (study group) and 18 without diarrhea (control group), were included in the three-month study...
September 27, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639842/occurrence-clinical-involvement-and-zoonotic-potential-of-endoparasites-infecting-swiss-pigs
#8
Fabienne Schubnell, Sereina von Ah, Robert Graage, Titus Sydler, Xaver Sidler, Daniela Hadorn, Walter Basso
In order to estimate the diversity, clinical involvement and zoonotic potential of parasites in pigs submitted for diagnosis to the PathoPig project of the Swiss Federal Food Safety and Veterinary Office, faeces (n=125) from suckling piglets (n=39), weaners (n=60) and piglets beginning fattening (n=26) from 74 Swiss farms were examined by 3 coproscopical methods (i.e. sedimentation/zinc chloride-flotation; SAFC and Ziehl-Neelsen staining). Samples microscopically positive for Cryptosporidium were further tested by PCR/sequencing for species assessment...
December 2016: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638736/isospora-cardellinae-n-sp-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-from-the-red-warbler-cardellina-rubra-swainson-passeriformes-parulidae-in-mexico
#9
Celene Salgado-Miranda, Juan Pablo Medina, Andrea Paloma Zepeda-Velázquez, Michele García-Conejo, Karla Patricia Galindo-Sánchez, Mariusz Krzysztof Janczur, Edgardo Soriano-Vargas
A new coccidian species (Protozoa: Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) collected from the red warbler Cardellina rubra (Swainson) is reported from the Nevado de Toluca National Park, Mexico. Isospora cardellinae n. sp. has subspherical oöcysts, measuring on average 26.6 × 25.4 μm, with smooth, bi-layered wall, c.1.3 μm thick. Micropyle, oöcyst residuum, and polar granule are absent. Sporocysts are ovoidal, measuring on average 19.0 × 12.0 µm, with a knob-like Stieda body, a trapezoidal sub-Stieda body and sporocyst residuum composed of scattered spherules of different sizes...
October 2016: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638735/two-new-species-of-coccidia-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-from-leaf-tailed-geckos-uroplatus-spp-sauria-gekkonidae-from-madagascar-including-a-new-host-of-eimeria-brygooi-upton-barnard-1987
#10
Chris T McAllister, R Scott Seville, Ruston Hartdegen
During May and June 2015, four common leaf-tailed geckos, Uroplatus fimbriatus (Schneider), five satanic leaf-tailed geckos, Uroplatus phantasticus (Boulenger), and four mossy leaf-tailed geckos, Uroplatus sikorae Boettger originally collected from Madagascar and housed at the Dallas Zoo, USA, had their faeces examined for coccidian parasites. Eight (62%) geckos were found to be passing oöcysts, including a new eimerian, a new isosporan and a previously described eimerian. Three of four (75%) U. fimbratus (type-host) and one of five (20%) U...
October 2016: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496143/a-decade-of-intestinal-protozoan-epidemiology-among-settled-immigrants-in-qatar
#11
Marawan A Abu-Madi, Jerzy M Behnke, Sonia Boughattas, Asma Al-Thani, Sanjay H Doiphode
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization estimates that about 3.5 billion people worldwide are affected by intestinal parasitic infections. Reports have already emphasized the role of immigrants in outbreaks of parasitic diseases in industrialized countries. With the mass influx of immigrants to Qatar, patent intestinal parasitic infections have been observed. Herein, the prevalence of intestinal protozoan infections was analysed in 29,286 records of subjects referred for stool examination at the Hamad Medical Corporation over the course of a decade (2005 to 2014, inclusive)...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27447231/coprology-of-a-single-northern-white-breasted-hedgehog-erinaceus-roumanicus-first-report-of-isospora-rastegaievae-in-poland
#12
Anna M Pyziel, Witold Jeżewski
Coprological analysis of a sample from one free-living hedgehog was done with the use of a direct flotation method with additional incubation of fecal material. The study revealed three types of eggs and oocysts in the feces. The most commonly diagnosed were oocysts of Isospora rastegaievae (543/3g), while oocysts of Monocystis sp. (267/3g) and eggs of Aonchotheca/Eucoleus spp. (52/3g) were seen less often. This is the first report of coccidia I. rastegaievae (Apicomplexa: Eimeriida) and acephaline gregarine Monocystis sp...
September 1, 2016: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441216/prevalence-of-gastrointestinal-helminths-and-management-practices-for-dogs-in-the-greater-accra-region-of-ghana
#13
Sherry Ama Mawuko Johnson, Daniel Waweru Gakuya, Paul Gichohi Mbuthia, John Demesi Mande, Ndichu Maingi
Toxocariosis and ancylostomosis remain the most important parasitic infections affecting companion animals worldwide and pose a risk to animal and human health. Information on these infections in dogs in Ghana is inadequate. A cross sectional study was undertaken to determine the occurrence of gastrointestinal helminths infections and management practices of dogs in the Greater Accra Region (GAR) of Ghana. Faecal samples were obtained from 380 dogs from communities in 11 out of 16 districts in the GAR. Coprological examination of the samples was performed using the modified McMaster technique...
September 2015: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417091/prevalence-of-enteric-protozoan-oocysts-with-special-reference-to-sarcocystis-cruzi-among-fecal-samples-of-diarrheic-immunodeficient-patients-in-iran
#14
Mahmoud Agholi, Shahrbanou Naderi Shahabadi, Mohammad Hossein Motazedian, Gholam Reza Hatam
The genus Sarcocystis is not usually considered as an important enteric pathogen in immune compromised patients. It might be expected that species for which humans are the final host (Sarcocystis hominis and Sarcocystis suihominis as well as possibly others) would be encountered increasingly often in immunodeficient persons. This study aimed to address how to detect and differentiate Sarcocystis oocysts and/or sporocysts from enteric protozoans in the diarrheal samples of immunodeficient patients in Shiraz, Iran...
June 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385082/triple-infection-with-agamid-adenovirus-1-encephaliton-cuniculi-like-microsporidium-and-enteric-coccidia-in-a-bearded-dragon-pogona-vitticeps
#15
Lionel Schilliger, Véronique Mentré, Rachel E Marschang, Alexandra Nicolier, Barbara Richter
A 2-month-old juvenile central bearded dragon was presented for anorexia and cachexia. Another specimen from the same cage had died suddenly 2 weeks prior. Fecal analysis revealed a high quantity of Isospora amphiboluri and a few pinworm eggs. Other examinations were not performed and the animal died a few days later despite supportive care. A third individual from the same cage presented with anorexia and a distended cœlom and was euthanized. In this third dragon, histological examination revealed intestinal coccidiosis, basophilic intranuclear inclusions compatible with adenovirus infection, acute hepatic necrosis with intrahepatocytic and intraenteritic organisms typical of microsporidia and renal gout...
October 12, 2016: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293363/enteric-parasitic-infection-among-antiretroviral-therapy-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-seropositive-people-infection-begets-infection-experience-from-eastern-india
#16
Suman Mitra, Anindya Mukherjee, Dibbendhu Khanra, Ananya Bhowmik, Krishnendu Roy, Arunansu Talukdar
CONTEXT: Parasitic opportunistic infections (POIs) frequently occur in HIV/AIDS patients and affect the quality of life. AIMS: This study assessing the standard organisms in the stool of HIV-positive patients, their comparison with HIV-negative controls, their relation with various factors, is the first of its kind in the eastern part of India. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: hospital-based case-control study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 194 antiretroviral therapy naïve HIV-positive patients (18-60 years) were taken as cases and 98 age- and sex-matched HIV-negative family members as controls...
April 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281375/neglected-waterborne-parasitic-protozoa-and-their-detection-in-water
#17
REVIEW
Judit Plutzer, Panagiotis Karanis
Outbreak incidents raise the question of whether the less frequent aetiological agents of outbreaks are really less frequent in water. Alternatively, waterborne transmission could be relevant, but the lack of attention and rapid, sensitive methods to recover and detect the exogenous stages in water may keep them under-recognized. High quality information on the prevalence and detection of less frequent waterborne protozoa, such as Cyclospora cayetanensis, Toxoplasma gondii, Isospora belli, Balantidium coli, Blastocystis hominis, Entamoeba histolytica and other free-living amoebae (FLA), are not available...
September 15, 2016: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27158759/cystoisospora-belli-infection-of-the-gallbladder-in-immunocompetent-patients-a-clinicopathologic-review-of-18-cases
#18
Keith K Lai, Hannah E Goyne, David Hernandez-Gonzalo, Kennon A Miller, Marion Tuohy, Gary W Procop, Laura W Lamps, Deepa T Patil
Cystoisospora belli, previously known as Isospora belli, is an obligate intracellular coccidian parasite that is most often associated with gastrointestinal disease in immunocompromised patients. In this study, we detail the clinicopathologic features of 18 cases of Cystoisospora infection affecting the gallbladder in immunocompetent individuals and compare them with a control group. Each case was reviewed for cholecystitis (none, acute, chronic), epithelial disarray, presence of intraepithelial lymphocytes (none, rare [≤5 per 20 epithelial cells], present [>5 per 20 epithelial cells]), architectural distortion, intramucosal eosinophilia, and mural thickening/serositis...
August 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125610/-chronic-salmonella-typhimurium-diarrhea-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#19
M Mellado-Ferreiro, V Jarne-Betrán, M Arteaga-Mazuelas, M L Abínzano-Guillén
Chronic diarrhea caused by infection in immunocompetent patients is an infrequent condition in developed countries, although certain pathogens,generally parasites (Giardia lamblia, Isospora belli,Cryptosporidium, Cyclospora, Strongyloides, Ameba,Trichuris and Schistosoma) and some bacteria (Aeromonas,Plesiomonas, Campylobacter, Clostridium difficile, Salmonella or Mycobacterium tuberculosis)can cause persistent diarrhea.We present the case of a patient who showed Salmonella typhimurium in his stool culture and recovered following treatment with levofloxacin for 7 days...
2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107929/morphological-and-molecular-characterization-of-isospora-neochmiae-n-sp-in-a-captive-bred-red-browed-finch-neochmia-temporalis-latham-1802
#20
Rongchang Yang, Belinda Brice, Una Ryan
A new Isospora (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) species is described from a single red-browed finch (Neochmia temporalis) (subspecies N. temporalis temporalis), that was part of a captive population in Western Australia. Sporulated oocysts of this isolate are spherical, 18.3 (18.2-18.9) × 18.2 (18.2-18.6) μm, with a shape index (length/width) of 1.0; and a smooth and bilayered oocyst wall, 1.2 μm thick (outer layer 0.9 μm, inner 0.3 μm). A polar granule is present, but the oocyst residuum and a micropyle are absent...
July 2016: Experimental Parasitology
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