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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229042/an-investigation-of-parasitic-infections-and-review-of-molecular-characterization-of-the-intestinal-protozoa-in-nonhuman-primates-in-china-from-2009-to-2015
#1
Junqiang Li, Haiju Dong, Rongjun Wang, Fuchang Yu, Yayun Wu, Yankai Chang, Chenrong Wang, Meng Qi, Longxian Zhang
Parasites are a well-known threat to nonhuman primate (NHP) populations, and potentially cause zoonotic diseases in humans. In this study, the basic data was provided of the parasites in NHPs and the molecular characterization of the Enterocytozoon bieneusi, Giardia duodenalis, Cryptosporidium spp., and Entamoeba spp. were reviewed, which were found in these samples. A total of 3349 fecal samples were collected from 34 species reared at 17 districts in zoos, farms, free-range, or research laboratories, and examined microscopically...
April 2017: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187600/-i-eimeria-i-i-atlapetesi-i-nom-nov-a-replacement-name-for-i-eimeria-i-i-pileata-i-soriano-vargas-et-al-2015-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-preoccupied-by-i-eimeria-i-i-pileata-i-straneva-and-kelley-1979-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-with-observations-on-histopathology-and
#2
Edgardo Soriano-Vargas, Celene Salgado-Miranda, Andrea Paloma Zepeda-Velázquez, Juan Pablo Medina, Mariusz Krzysztof Janczur, Maricruz González-Gómez, Izanami Tereira Flores-Valle, Bruno Pereira Berto, Carlos Wilson Gomes Lopes
Eimeria pileata Soriano-Vargas, Medina, Salgado-Miranda, García-Conejo, Galindo-Sánchez, Janczur, Berto and Lopes, 2015 is a junior homonym of Eimeria pileata Straneva and Kelley, 1979 and needs to be replaced. This coccidium was described from a rufous-capped brush finch Atlapetes pileatus Wagler in the Nevado de Toluca Natural Protected Area, Mexico. Thus, to maintain the original intent of the specific epithet derived from the scientific name of the type-host, the name Eimeria atlapetesi nom. nov. is proposed as a replacement name...
January 31, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173829/cloning-expression-and-molecular-characterization-of-a-cystoisospora-suis-specific-uncharacterized-merozoite-protein
#3
Aruna Shrestha, Nicola Palmieri, Ahmed Abd-Elfattah, Bärbel Ruttkowski, Marc Pagès, Anja Joachim
BACKGROUND: The genome of the apicomplexan parasite Cystoisospora suis (syn. Isospora suis) has recently been sequenced and annotated, opening the possibility for the identification of novel therapeutic targets against cystoisosporosis. It was previously proposed that a 42 kDa uncharacterized merozoite protein, encoded by gene CSUI_005805, might be a relevant vaccine candidate due to its high immunogenic score, high expression level and species-specificity as determined in silico. METHODS: The 1170 bp coding sequence of the CSUI_005805 gene was PCR amplified and cloned into the bacterial expression vector pQE-31...
February 7, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127338/prevalence-of-intestinal-coccidial-infections-among-different-groups-of-immunocompromised-patients
#4
Ghodratollah Salehi Sangani, Hamed Mirjalali, Shohreh Farnia, Mostafa Rezaeian
BACKGROUND: Cryptosporidium and Isospora are known as one of the main cause of diarrhea in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised subjects, all over the world. Incidence of enteropathogens such as Cryptosporidium spp. and Isospora belli considerably has increased, since immunodeficiency virus (HIV) rapidly disseminated. In addition, cancer patients are highly susceptible to opportunistic infections. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of cryptosporidiosis and isosporiasis in immunocompromised patients in Tehran...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091387/prevalence-of-intestinal-parasites-in-cats-and-their-importance-in-terms-of-public-health
#5
Umut Fikret Korkmaz, Sami Gökpınar, Kader Yıldız
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to detect the prevalence of intestinal parasites in cats by fecal examination. METHODS: A total of 100 fecal samples were collected from owned and stray cats in the Kırıkkale province. Epidemiological data on the sampled cats (e.g., age, race, and sex) were recorded. The samples were macroscopically investigated for the presence of cestode proglottids. The fecal smears were stained with Giemsa and Carbol fuchsin stains. The samples were prepared by centrifugal flotation with a saturated sugar solution...
December 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062994/some-remarks-on-the-distribution-and-dispersion-of-coccidia-from-icterid-birds-in-south-america-isospora-guaxi-n-sp-and-isospora-bellicosa-upton-stamper-whitaker-1995-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-from-the-red-rumped-cacique-cacicus-haemorrhous-l-passeriformes-icteridae
#6
Lidiane Maria da Silva, Mariana Borges Rodrigues, Irlane Faria de Pinho, Bruno do Bomfim Lopes, Hermes Ribeiro Luz, Ildemar Ferreira, Carlos Wilson Gomes Lopes, Bruno Pereira Berto
A new species of coccidian, Isospora guaxi n. sp., and Isospora bellicosa Upton, Stamper & Whitaker, 1995 (Protozoa: Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) are recorded from red-rumped caciques Cacicus haemorrhous (L.) in the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, Brazil. Isospora guaxi n. sp. has sub-spheroidal oöcysts, measuring on average 30.9 × 29.0 μm, with smooth, bi-layered wall c.1.9 μm thick. Micropyle and oöcyst residuum are absent, but a polar granule is present. Sporocysts are ellipsoidal, measuring on average 19...
January 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998804/isospora-lunaris-n-sp-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-from-the-domestic-java-sparrow-in-japan
#7
Toshihiro Tokiwa, Atsushi Kojima, Shun Sasaki, Rie Kubota, Kazunori Ike
Five individuals of the domestic Java sparrows, Lonchura oryzivora (Aves: Estrildidae), were examined for coccidian parasites. Sporulated oocysts had two sporocysts containing four sporozoites each. Sporulated oocysts (n=30) were spherical, with a two splinter-like polar granules. Oocyst size was 22.1×20.7 (20.0-25.0×20.0-22.5)μm. They had a thick wall that consisted of a pale yellow outer layer and a dark yellow inner layer, and lacked micropyle and residuum. Sporocysts (n=60) were elongated ovoid 14.1×9...
April 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992979/-enteroparasite-determination-in-lactuca-sativa-from-farms-dedicated-to-its-production-in-pasto-colombia
#8
Giovanni Andrés Polo, Carmenza Janneth Benavides, Juan Manuel Astaiza, Dario Antonio Vallejo, Patricia Betancourt
INTRODUCTION: Currently, vegetables like lettuce are widely recommended as part of the daily diet given their high nutritional value; however, while consumers feel attracted to the benefits provided by the vegetable, they may also be exposed to parasitic intestinal infections. OBJECTIVE: To determine the presence or absence of enteroparasites in lettuce (Lactuca sativa) grown in the rural area in the municipality of Pasto, and to analyze associated factors based on the characterization of the lands...
December 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942456/fecal-parasite-identification-by-microscopy-and-pcr-in-scimitar-horned-oryx-oryx-dammah-managed-at-two-sites
#9
Cassandra Dawn Pauling, Anna R Oller, Victoria Jackson
The scimitar-horned oryx, Oryx dammah, an endangered species extinct in the wild, is managed in various captive management programs and is the focus of reintroduction efforts. Management variability can contribute to substantial parasite load differences, which can affect deworming programs and potentially transfer parasites to different regions with translocations. Parasite studies in O. dammah are lacking. In this study, we determined fecal egg/oocyst counts of O. dammah in two captive herds, Fossil Rim Wildlife Center (FRWC) and Kansas City Zoo (KCZ)...
December 2016: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934806/molecular-appraisal-of-intestinal-parasitic-infection-in-transplant-recipients
#10
Pooja Yadav, Shehla Khalil, Bijay Ranjan Mirdha
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Diarrhoea is the main clinical manifestation caused by intestinal parasitic infections in patients, with special reference to transplant recipients who require careful consideration to reduce morbidity and mortality. Further, molecular characterization of some important parasites is necessary to delineate the different modes of transmission to consider appropriate management strategies. We undertook this study to investigate the intestinal parasitic infections in transplant recipients with or without diarrhoea, and the genotypes of the isolated parasites were also determined...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795876/a-study-of-parasitic-and-bacterial-pathogens-associated-with-diarrhea-in-hiv-positive-patients
#11
Siddharth Shah, Vaishali Kongre, Varun Kumar, Renu Bharadwaj
INTRODUCTION: Diarrhea is a common complication of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), occurring in almost 90% of AIDS patients in developing countries like India. The present study was aimed to determine the prevalence and microbiological profile of pathogens associated with diarrhea in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients and their relation to CD4 counts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five successive HIV-positive patients, 27 with diarrhea (study group) and 18 without diarrhea (control group), were included in the three-month study...
September 27, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639842/occurrence-clinical-involvement-and-zoonotic-potential-of-endoparasites-infecting-swiss-pigs
#12
Fabienne Schubnell, Sereina von Ah, Robert Graage, Titus Sydler, Xaver Sidler, Daniela Hadorn, Walter Basso
In order to estimate the diversity, clinical involvement and zoonotic potential of parasites in pigs submitted for diagnosis to the PathoPig project of the Swiss Federal Food Safety and Veterinary Office, faeces (n=125) from suckling piglets (n=39), weaners (n=60) and piglets beginning fattening (n=26) from 74 Swiss farms were examined by 3 coproscopical methods (i.e. sedimentation/zinc chloride-flotation; SAFC and Ziehl-Neelsen staining). Samples microscopically positive for Cryptosporidium were further tested by PCR/sequencing for species assessment...
December 2016: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638736/isospora-cardellinae-n-sp-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-from-the-red-warbler-cardellina-rubra-swainson-passeriformes-parulidae-in-mexico
#13
Celene Salgado-Miranda, Juan Pablo Medina, Andrea Paloma Zepeda-Velázquez, Michele García-Conejo, Karla Patricia Galindo-Sánchez, Mariusz Krzysztof Janczur, Edgardo Soriano-Vargas
A new coccidian species (Protozoa: Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) collected from the red warbler Cardellina rubra (Swainson) is reported from the Nevado de Toluca National Park, Mexico. Isospora cardellinae n. sp. has subspherical oöcysts, measuring on average 26.6 × 25.4 μm, with smooth, bi-layered wall, c.1.3 μm thick. Micropyle, oöcyst residuum, and polar granule are absent. Sporocysts are ovoidal, measuring on average 19.0 × 12.0 µm, with a knob-like Stieda body, a trapezoidal sub-Stieda body and sporocyst residuum composed of scattered spherules of different sizes...
October 2016: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638735/two-new-species-of-coccidia-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-from-leaf-tailed-geckos-uroplatus-spp-sauria-gekkonidae-from-madagascar-including-a-new-host-of-eimeria-brygooi-upton-barnard-1987
#14
Chris T McAllister, R Scott Seville, Ruston Hartdegen
During May and June 2015, four common leaf-tailed geckos, Uroplatus fimbriatus (Schneider), five satanic leaf-tailed geckos, Uroplatus phantasticus (Boulenger), and four mossy leaf-tailed geckos, Uroplatus sikorae Boettger originally collected from Madagascar and housed at the Dallas Zoo, USA, had their faeces examined for coccidian parasites. Eight (62%) geckos were found to be passing oöcysts, including a new eimerian, a new isosporan and a previously described eimerian. Three of four (75%) U. fimbratus (type-host) and one of five (20%) U...
October 2016: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496143/a-decade-of-intestinal-protozoan-epidemiology-among-settled-immigrants-in-qatar
#15
Marawan A Abu-Madi, Jerzy M Behnke, Sonia Boughattas, Asma Al-Thani, Sanjay H Doiphode
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization estimates that about 3.5 billion people worldwide are affected by intestinal parasitic infections. Reports have already emphasized the role of immigrants in outbreaks of parasitic diseases in industrialized countries. With the mass influx of immigrants to Qatar, patent intestinal parasitic infections have been observed. Herein, the prevalence of intestinal protozoan infections was analysed in 29,286 records of subjects referred for stool examination at the Hamad Medical Corporation over the course of a decade (2005 to 2014, inclusive)...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27447231/coprology-of-a-single-northern-white-breasted-hedgehog-erinaceus-roumanicus-first-report-of-isospora-rastegaievae-in-poland
#16
Anna M Pyziel, Witold Jeżewski
Coprological analysis of a sample from one free-living hedgehog was done with the use of a direct flotation method with additional incubation of fecal material. The study revealed three types of eggs and oocysts in the feces. The most commonly diagnosed were oocysts of Isospora rastegaievae (543/3g), while oocysts of Monocystis sp. (267/3g) and eggs of Aonchotheca/Eucoleus spp. (52/3g) were seen less often. This is the first report of coccidia I. rastegaievae (Apicomplexa: Eimeriida) and acephaline gregarine Monocystis sp...
September 1, 2016: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441216/prevalence-of-gastrointestinal-helminths-and-management-practices-for-dogs-in-the-greater-accra-region-of-ghana
#17
Sherry Ama Mawuko Johnson, Daniel Waweru Gakuya, Paul Gichohi Mbuthia, John Demesi Mande, Ndichu Maingi
Toxocariosis and ancylostomosis remain the most important parasitic infections affecting companion animals worldwide and pose a risk to animal and human health. Information on these infections in dogs in Ghana is inadequate. A cross sectional study was undertaken to determine the occurrence of gastrointestinal helminths infections and management practices of dogs in the Greater Accra Region (GAR) of Ghana. Faecal samples were obtained from 380 dogs from communities in 11 out of 16 districts in the GAR. Coprological examination of the samples was performed using the modified McMaster technique...
September 2015: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417091/prevalence-of-enteric-protozoan-oocysts-with-special-reference-to-sarcocystis-cruzi-among-fecal-samples-of-diarrheic-immunodeficient-patients-in-iran
#18
Mahmoud Agholi, Shahrbanou Naderi Shahabadi, Mohammad Hossein Motazedian, Gholam Reza Hatam
The genus Sarcocystis is not usually considered as an important enteric pathogen in immune compromised patients. It might be expected that species for which humans are the final host (Sarcocystis hominis and Sarcocystis suihominis as well as possibly others) would be encountered increasingly often in immunodeficient persons. This study aimed to address how to detect and differentiate Sarcocystis oocysts and/or sporocysts from enteric protozoans in the diarrheal samples of immunodeficient patients in Shiraz, Iran...
June 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385082/triple-infection-with-agamid-adenovirus-1-encephaliton-cuniculi-like-microsporidium-and-enteric-coccidia-in-a-bearded-dragon-pogona-vitticeps
#19
Lionel Schilliger, Véronique Mentré, Rachel E Marschang, Alexandra Nicolier, Barbara Richter
A 2-month-old juvenile central bearded dragon was presented for anorexia and cachexia. Another specimen from the same cage had died suddenly 2 weeks prior. Fecal analysis revealed a high quantity of Isospora amphiboluri and a few pinworm eggs. Other examinations were not performed and the animal died a few days later despite supportive care. A third individual from the same cage presented with anorexia and a distended cœlom and was euthanized. In this third dragon, histological examination revealed intestinal coccidiosis, basophilic intranuclear inclusions compatible with adenovirus infection, acute hepatic necrosis with intrahepatocytic and intraenteritic organisms typical of microsporidia and renal gout...
October 12, 2016: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293363/enteric-parasitic-infection-among-antiretroviral-therapy-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-seropositive-people-infection-begets-infection-experience-from-eastern-india
#20
Suman Mitra, Anindya Mukherjee, Dibbendhu Khanra, Ananya Bhowmik, Krishnendu Roy, Arunansu Talukdar
CONTEXT: Parasitic opportunistic infections (POIs) frequently occur in HIV/AIDS patients and affect the quality of life. AIMS: This study assessing the standard organisms in the stool of HIV-positive patients, their comparison with HIV-negative controls, their relation with various factors, is the first of its kind in the eastern part of India. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: hospital-based case-control study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 194 antiretroviral therapy naïve HIV-positive patients (18-60 years) were taken as cases and 98 age- and sex-matched HIV-negative family members as controls...
April 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
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