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Mohammad M Zarshenas, Arman Zargaran, Michael Blaschke
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are of major causes of death worldwide. Complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) are considered as new sources to find preventive and treatment approaches with mostly a historical perspective. Chinese medicine (CM), Persian medicine (PM), Ayurveda and homeopathy are as most popular traditional systems of medicine among various CAM methods. In this survey, we aimed to review most relevant and approved treatment by current investigations on these CAM systems in the field of CVD to present best traditional remedies and treatment approaches...
October 10, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Yasmin Khan, Vijayapandi Pandy
Phytotherapy is an emerging field successfully utilized to treat various chronic diseases including alcohol dependence. In the present study, we examined the effect of the standardized methanolic extract of Morinda citrifolia Linn. unripe fruit (MMC), on compulsive ethanol-seeking behavior using the mouse conditioned place preference (CPP) test. CPP was established by injections of ethanol (2 g/kg, i.p.) in a 12-day conditioning schedule in mice. The effect of MMC and the reference drug, acamprosate (ACAM), on the reinforcing properties of ethanol in mice was studied by the oral administration of MMC (1, 3, and 5 g/kg) and ACAM (300 mg/kg) 60 min prior to the final CPP test postconditioning...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Violet Kasabri, Entisar K Al-Hallaq, Yasser K Bustanji, Khalid K Abdul-Razzak, Ismail F Abaza, Fatma U Afifi
CONTEXT: Adiantum capillus-veneris L. (Adiantaceae) hypocholesterolemic activity is therapeutically praised. OBJECTIVES: Pharmacological modulation of pancreatic triacylglycerol lipase (PL) and α-amylase/α-glucosidase by A. capillus-veneris are evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using positive controls (acarbose, orlistat, guar gum, atorvastatin, glipizide and metformin) as appropriate, crude aqueous extracts (AEs) of A. capillus-veneris aerial parts were tested via a combination of in vitro enzymatic (0...
September 23, 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
Claudia Traidl-Hoffmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Sara A Burt, Simone J M Adolfse, Dina S A Ahad, Monique H G Tersteeg-Zijderveld, Betty G M Jongerius-Gortemaker, Jan A Post, Holger Brüggemann, Regiane R Santos
Essential oils and organic acids are used as feed additives to improve health status and reduce colonization with pathogens. Although bactericidal in vitro, concentrations achieved in the animal gut are probably not lethal to pathogens. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of cinnamaldehyde, carvacrol and cinnamic, lactic and propionic acids on the ability of Salmonella typhimurium ATCC 14028 (ST) to invade intestinal epithelial cells (IPEC-J2) and on the expression levels of immune related genes in the cells...
August 25, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Katrin M Hoffmann, Robin Herbrechter, Paul M Ziemba, Peter Lepke, Leopoldo Beltrán, Hanns Hatt, Markus Werner, Günter Gisselmann
Kampo medicine is a form of Japanese phytotherapy originating from traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). During the last several decades, much attention has been paid to the pharmacological effects of these medical plants and their constituents. However, in many cases, a systematic screening of Kampo remedies to determine pharmacologically relevant targets is still lacking. In this study, a broad screening of Kampo remedies was performed to look for pharmacologically relevant 5-HT3A and GABAA receptor ligands...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Zahra Alsadat Hejazi, Forough Namjooyan, Marjan Khanifar
BACKGROUND: A systemic skeletal disease is characterized by low bone mass and micro-architectural deterioration with a consequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture. Asia has the highest increment in the elderly population; therefore, osteoporotic fracture should be a noticeable health issue. The incidence rate of hip fractures in Asia could rise to 45% by the year 2050. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is a group of various medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not presently considered as part of formal medicine...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Rahil Ghanavati, Foroogh Namjoyan, Hosein Rezaee Zadeh
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of central nervous system (CNS) and is the most common cause of neurologic disability in young adults (20-40 years old). About 2.5 million patients all over the world are suffering from MS. Common symptoms of the disease include sensory disorders, optic neuritis, and limb weakness. Following disease progression, other symptoms like fatigue, bladder disorders, and cognitive impairment also occur. Traditional Persian medicine (TPM) is an ancient medical system from 6000 years ago in Persia, where Iran was its most important state...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Bamidele V Owoyele, Musa T Yakubu, Roi Treister
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
André-Michael Beer, Ievgeniia Burlaka, Stephen Buskin, Borislav Kamenov, Andrea Pettenazzo, Diana Popova, María Pilar Riveros Huckstadt, Virgilijus Sakalinskas, Menachem Oberbaum
In order to better understand the global approach and country differences in physicians' usage, knowledge, and attitudes towards natural remedies and homeopathy in pediatric practice, an online survey involving 582 general pediatricians and general practitioners treating pediatric diseases was conducted in 6 countries. Overall, 17% of the pediatric prescriptions refer to phytotherapy and 15% refer to homeopathic preparations. Natural remedies and homeopathic preparations are more frequently used in upper respiratory tract infections, infant colic, sleep disturbances, and recurrent infections...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
A K Welte, U Hahn, A Büssing, F Krummenauer
Purpose: A systematic review was carried out of the reported therapeutic effects of complementary and alternative medicine methods as supplementary or primary treatments for patients suffering from glaucoma, cataract or age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Material and Methods: For the years 1990 to 2013, the following databases were screened for reports of the application of complementary and alternative treatments: PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CAMbase and AMED. Both randomised and prospective non-randomised patient trials were included in the review; results were evaluated in the following classes: "phytotherapy", "acupuncture/acupressure", "biofeedback" and "other alternative treatments"...
July 26, 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
P O Staub, L Casu, M Leonti
BACKGROUND: De Materia Medica written by Pedanios Dioscorides (1 century CE) has shaped European and Mediterranean herbal medicine to a large extent. Despite its fundamental importance for modern medico-botanical traditions the content of this work has never been systematically assessed. PURPOSE: We present a quantitative survey of the botanical drugs described in De Materia Medica (ex Matthioli, 1568) and identify overall therapeutic, diachronic and botanical patterns...
September 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
H Kaaroud El Jery, A Harzallah, S Chouchi, E Talbi, H Baccouch, J Abdelmoula, A Bouzouita, M Chebil, F Ben Hamida, T Ben Abdallah
INTRODUCTION: Calcium oxalate stones are the most common urolithiasis. Changes in dietary habits, socio-economic and health status of populations explain its progression. The aim of our study was to determine metabolic factors leading to lithiasis and clarify its causes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 100 patients with calcium oxalate stones identified by morpho-constitutional study, collected in our department over a period of 5 years (2008-2013)...
June 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Alexandra C Russell, Amanda L Stone, Lynn S Walker
Nausea is common amongst children with functional gastrointestinal disorders and is associated with a high burden of somatic and psychosocial comorbidities in both the short and long-term. Current treatments including medications, phytotherapy, stress-reduction techniques, and gastric electrical stimulation for recalcitrant cases, are reviewed. Functional nausea merits its own diagnostic criteria as a pediatric functional gastrointestinal disorder.
2016: Children
A I Vengerovskii, T V Yakimova, O N Nasanova
Experiments on rats with diabetes mellitus model induced by streptosotocin and high (30%) fat diet showed that the daily treatment with aqueous extracts of great nettle leaves (100 mg/kg) and common burdock roots (25 mg/kg) for a period of 10 days led to a decrease in the glycemic index and triglyceride level and produced protective action on erythrocytes both in animals kept on a fat-rich diet and on the background of a low-caloric ration. Both medicinal plant extracts were comparable with reference drug metformin in reducing the concentration of glycosylated hemoglobin (by 12-31%) and ectoglobular hemoglobin (1...
2016: Eksperimental'naia i Klinicheskaia Farmakologiia
J S Oliveira, A A N Silva, V A Silva
Oxidative stress plays a main role in the development of diabetes complications. The impairment of gonadal antioxidant potential and endocrine disturbance in diabetic males causes testicular damage and failure in sperm production. Plants have been widely used to control diabetes due their hypoglycemic and antioxidant potential, contributing towards the recovery of testicular function. Current study comprises a review of the literature on the main medicinal plants used in the recovery of testicular oxidative damage in animals with experimental diabetes...
July 11, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
Jost Langhorst
Im Rahmen der aktuellen Wissenschaftskultur stellt das Bestreben, die evidenzbasierte Naturheilkunde in die Leitlinien zu integrieren, eine besondere Herausforderung dar. In Deutschland werden medizinische Leitlinien primär von den wissenschaftlichen medizinischen Fachgesellschaften und deren Dachgesellschaft, der Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wissenschaftlichen Medizinischen Fachgesellschaften e.V. (AWMF), entwickelt und verbreitet. Bisher wird das große klinische Potential von Naturheilkunde und Komplementärmedizin an vielen Stellen nur unzureichend berücksichtigt...
2016: Forschende Komplementärmedizin, Research in Complementary Medicine
Anna K Koch, Petra Klose, Romy Lauche, Holger Cramer, Jennifer Baasch, Gustav J Dobos, Jost Langhorst
Herbal medicine is a promising alternative in the treatment of acute rhinosinusitis (ARS). We performed a systematic review for phytopharmaceutical treatments of ARS. A computerized search of databases (Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Scopus) up to 16 September 2015 was performed. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled trials (CTs) were included and assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Seven trials on Pelargonium sidoides (EPs 7630, Umckaloabo®), Myrtol (GeloMyrtol® forte), BNO 1016 (Sinupret® extract), BNO 101 (Sinupret®), Cyclamen europaeum (Nasodren®), and Esberitox® were included...
2016: Forschende Komplementärmedizin, Research in Complementary Medicine
Petra Klose, Karin Kraft, Romy Lauche, Holger Cramer, Gustav Dobos, Jost Langhorst
Pflanzliche Arzneimittel haben in der medizinischen Versorgung im deutschsprachigen Raum eine lange Tradition, werden aber bei der Erstellung medizinischer Leitlinien selten berücksichtigt. In einer Vorstudie wurde von unserer Arbeitsgruppe aufgearbeitet, in welchem Ausmaß sie in den aktuellen interdisziplinär, evidenz- und konsensusbasiert erstellten S3-Leitlinien der Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wissenschaftlichen Medizinischen Fachgesellschaften (AWMF) Beachtung gefunden haben. Ziel der jetzigen Studie war es, zu analysieren, inwieweit Neben- bzw...
2016: Forschende Komplementärmedizin, Research in Complementary Medicine
Assie Jokar, Fatemeh Masoomi, Omid Sadeghpour, Mohsen Nassiri-Toosi, Shokouhsadat Hamedi
Terminalia chebula (family: Combretaceae) is widely used in the traditional medicine of India and Iran to treat diseases that include dementia, constipation, and diabetes. This tree is known in Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) as halileh or halilaj and the fruit is used to develop treatments. It is described in ITM as an astringent that has a "cold" and "dry" temperament. References to the medicinal properties of Terminalia chebula were collected from important ITM sources and from modern medical databases (PubMed, Scirus, ScienceDirect, and Scopus)...
April 2016: Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan
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