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Phytotherapie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914909/benefits-pitfalls-and-risks-of-phytotherapy-in-clinical-practice-in-otorhinolaryngology
#1
O Laccourreye, A Werner, L Laccourreye, P Bonfils
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the benefits, pitfalls and risks of phytotherapy in the clinical practice of otorhinolaryngology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The PubMed and Cochrane databases were searched using the following keywords: phytotherapy, phytomedicine, herbs, otology, rhinology, laryngology, otitis, rhinitis, laryngitis and otorhinolaryngology. Seventy-two articles (18 prospective randomized studies, 4 Cochrane analyses, 4 meta-analysis and 15 reviews of the literature) devoted to clinical studies were analyzed...
November 30, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904805/hypothesis-on-serenoa-repens-bartram-small-extract-inhibition-of-prostatic-5%C3%AE-reductase-through-an-in-silico-approach-on-5%C3%AE-reductase-x-ray-structure
#2
Paolo Governa, Daniela Giachetti, Marco Biagi, Fabrizio Manetti, Luca De Vico
Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a common disease in men aged over 50 years old, with an incidence increasing to more than 80% over the age of 70, that is increasingly going to attract pharmaceutical interest. Within conventional therapies, such as α-adrenoreceptor antagonists and 5α-reductase inhibitor, there is a large requirement for treatments with less adverse events on, e.g., blood pressure and sexual function: phytotherapy may be the right way to fill this need. Serenoa repens standardized extract has been widely studied and its ability to reduce lower urinary tract symptoms related to benign prostatic hyperplasia is comprehensively described in literature...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894973/is-there-nothing-new-under-the-sun-the-influence-of-herbals-and-pharmacopoeias-on-ethnobotanical-traditions-in-albacete-spain
#3
Diego Rivera, Alonso Verde, Concepción Obón, Francisco Alcaraz, Candelaria Moreno, Teresa Egea, José Fajardo, José Antonio Palazón, Arturo Valdés, Maria Adele Signorini, Piero Bruschi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This paper has two overarching aims: (1) presenting the results of studying the Albacete tariff of medicines of 1526 and (2) broadly analyzing the origin and influences of medicinal traditional knowledge in the region of Albacete, Spain. We use historical and modern literature that may have influenced this knowledge. Our primary goal was to determine the ingredients used in the pharmacy in the 16th century CE in Albacete through the analysis of the tariff, and our secondary goal was to investigate until when ingredients and uses present in pharmacy and herbals persisted in later periods...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878112/withania-coagulans-extract-induces-cell-apoptosis-and-inhibits-cox-2-expression-in-a-rat-model-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#4
Maryam Sarbishegi, Ozra Khajavi, Mohammad Reza Arab
BACKGROUND: Phytotherapy is a popular treatment option in cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), with many different herbal products being used for the treatment of this condition. Withania coagulans (WC) is an herbal medicine that has shown anti-tumoral, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant effects. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effect of Withania coagulans extract (WCE) on prostatic cell apoptosis and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in rats...
September 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876936/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-anthelmintic-activity-of-seed-extract-of-coriandrum-sativum-compared-to-niclosamid-against-hymenolepis-nana-infection
#5
Samaneh Hosseinzadeh, Maryam Jamshidian Ghalesefidi, Mehdi Azami, Mohammad Ali Mohaghegh, Seyed Hossein Hejazi, Mohsen Ghomashlooyan
Phytotherapy can be an alternative for the control of gastrointestinal parasites in human and animals. Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) is a medicinal plant which grown as a spice crop all over the world. The seeds of this plant have been used to treat parasitic disease, indigestion, diabetes, rheumatism and pain in the joints. This study was carried out to compare the efficacy of Niclosamid and alcoholic seed extract of C. sativum on Hymenolepis nana infection, in vivo and vitro. For in vivo study, Balb/c mice were used, to compare the efficacy of 50 mg/kg body weight (B...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801865/herbal-products-in-italy-the-thin-line-between-phytotherapy-nutrition-and-parapharmaceuticals-a-normative-overview-of-the-fastest-growing-market-in-europe
#6
REVIEW
Marco Biagi, Rita Pecorari, Giovanni Appendino, Elisabetta Miraldi, Anna Rosa Magnano, Paolo Governa, Giulia Cettolin, Daniela Giachetti
The Italian herbal products market is the most prosperous in Europe. The proof is represented by the use of these products in several marketing categories, ranging from medicine to nutrition and cosmetics. Market and legislation in Italy are at the same time cause and consequence of this peculiar situation. In fact, the legislation on botanical food supplements in Italy is very permissive and at the same time the market shows an overall satisfaction of users and strong feedback in terms of consumption, which brings a widening use of medicinal plants, formerly the prerogative of pharmaceuticals, to other fields such as nutrition...
October 29, 2016: Pharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785446/scientometric-study-of-academic-publications-on-antioxidative-herbal-medicines-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Ozra Tabatabaei-Malazy, Amir Ramezani, Rasha Atlasi, Bagher Larijani, Mohammad Abdollahi
BACKGROUND: Scientometric analysis is increasingly used for research assessment. We aimed to perform a scientometric analysis of research productivity in field of antioxidative hypoglycemic herbal medicine and diabetes. METHODS: Some of search terms were "type 2 diabetes", "antioxidant", "herb", "phytotherapy", "ethnopharmacology", "Chinese medicine", "traditional medicine", in Scopus web databases until January 2015, and limited to human. The collected data were used to generate the specific features such as publication year, main journal in the field, citation, subject area, and co-authorship network of authors and institutes...
2016: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748196/convenient-traditional-and-alternative-therapies-for-cardiovascular-disorders
#8
Mohammad M Zarshenas, Arman Zargaran, Michael Blaschke
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are of major causes of death worldwide. Complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) are considered as new sources to find preventive and treatment approaches with mostly a historical perspective. Chinese medicine (CM), Persian medicine (PM), Ayurveda and homeopathy are as most popular traditional systems of medicine among various CAM methods. In this survey, we aimed to review most relevant and approved treatment by current investigations on these CAM systems in the field of CVD to present best traditional remedies and treatment approaches...
October 10, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729866/methanolic-extract-of-morinda-citrifolia-l-noni-unripe-fruit-attenuates-ethanol-induced-conditioned-place-preferences-in-mice
#9
Yasmin Khan, Vijayapandi Pandy
Phytotherapy is an emerging field successfully utilized to treat various chronic diseases including alcohol dependence. In the present study, we examined the effect of the standardized methanolic extract of Morinda citrifolia Linn. unripe fruit (MMC), on compulsive ethanol-seeking behavior using the mouse conditioned place preference (CPP) test. CPP was established by injections of ethanol (2 g/kg, i.p.) in a 12-day conditioning schedule in mice. The effect of MMC and the reference drug, acamprosate (ACAM), on the reinforcing properties of ethanol in mice was studied by the oral administration of MMC (1, 3, and 5 g/kg) and ACAM (300 mg/kg) 60 min prior to the final CPP test postconditioning...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663206/antiobesity-and-antihyperglycaemic-effects-of-adiantum-capillus-veneris-extracts-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluations
#10
Violet Kasabri, Entisar K Al-Hallaq, Yasser K Bustanji, Khalid K Abdul-Razzak, Ismail F Abaza, Fatma U Afifi
CONTEXT: Adiantum capillus-veneris L. (Adiantaceae) hypocholesterolemic activity is therapeutically praised. OBJECTIVES: Pharmacological modulation of pancreatic triacylglycerol lipase (PL) and α-amylase/α-glucosidase by A. capillus-veneris are evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using positive controls (acarbose, orlistat, guar gum, atorvastatin, glipizide and metformin) as appropriate, crude aqueous extracts (AEs) of A. capillus-veneris aerial parts were tested via a combination of in vitro enzymatic (0...
September 23, 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607026/phytotherapie-in-der-dermatologie-nat%C3%A3-rlich-gut
#11
EDITORIAL
Claudia Traidl-Hoffmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561686/cinnamaldehyde-carvacrol-and-organic-acids-affect-gene-expression-of-selected-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-markers-in-ipec-j2-cells-exposed-to-salmonella-typhimurium
#12
Sara A Burt, Simone J M Adolfse, Dina S A Ahad, Monique H G Tersteeg-Zijderveld, Betty G M Jongerius-Gortemaker, Jan A Post, Holger Brüggemann, Regiane R Santos
Essential oils and organic acids are used as feed additives to improve health status and reduce colonization with pathogens. Although bactericidal in vitro, concentrations achieved in the animal gut are probably not lethal to pathogens. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of cinnamaldehyde, carvacrol and cinnamic, lactic and propionic acids on the ability of Salmonella typhimurium ATCC 14028 (ST) to invade intestinal epithelial cells (IPEC-J2) and on the expression levels of immune related genes in the cells...
August 25, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524967/kampo-medicine-evaluation-of-the-pharmacological-activity-of-121-herbal-drugs-on-gabaa-and-5-ht3a-receptors
#13
Katrin M Hoffmann, Robin Herbrechter, Paul M Ziemba, Peter Lepke, Leopoldo Beltrán, Hanns Hatt, Markus Werner, Günter Gisselmann
Kampo medicine is a form of Japanese phytotherapy originating from traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). During the last several decades, much attention has been paid to the pharmacological effects of these medical plants and their constituents. However, in many cases, a systematic screening of Kampo remedies to determine pharmacologically relevant targets is still lacking. In this study, a broad screening of Kampo remedies was performed to look for pharmacologically relevant 5-HT3A and GABAA receptor ligands...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516660/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-for-osteoporosis
#14
Zahra Alsadat Hejazi, Forough Namjooyan, Marjan Khanifar
BACKGROUND: A systemic skeletal disease is characterized by low bone mass and micro-architectural deterioration with a consequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture. Asia has the highest increment in the elderly population; therefore, osteoporotic fracture should be a noticeable health issue. The incidence rate of hip fractures in Asia could rise to 45% by the year 2050. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is a group of various medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not presently considered as part of formal medicine...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516652/a-review-of-possible-herbal-treatment-in-multiple-sclerosis-in-traditional-persian-medicine
#15
Rahil Ghanavati, Foroogh Namjoyan, Hosein Rezaee Zadeh
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of central nervous system (CNS) and is the most common cause of neurologic disability in young adults (20-40 years old). About 2.5 million patients all over the world are suffering from MS. Common symptoms of the disease include sensory disorders, optic neuritis, and limb weakness. Following disease progression, other symptoms like fatigue, bladder disorders, and cognitive impairment also occur. Traditional Persian medicine (TPM) is an ancient medical system from 6000 years ago in Persia, where Iran was its most important state...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504138/pain-and-inflammation-update-on-emerging-phytotherapy-zootherapy-and-nutritional-therapies
#16
Bamidele V Owoyele, Musa T Yakubu, Roi Treister
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493983/usage-and-attitudes-towards-natural-remedies-and-homeopathy-in-general-pediatrics-a-cross-country-overview
#17
André-Michael Beer, Ievgeniia Burlaka, Stephen Buskin, Borislav Kamenov, Andrea Pettenazzo, Diana Popova, María Pilar Riveros Huckstadt, Virgilijus Sakalinskas, Menachem Oberbaum
In order to better understand the global approach and country differences in physicians' usage, knowledge, and attitudes towards natural remedies and homeopathy in pediatric practice, an online survey involving 582 general pediatricians and general practitioners treating pediatric diseases was conducted in 6 countries. Overall, 17% of the pediatric prescriptions refer to phytotherapy and 15% refer to homeopathic preparations. Natural remedies and homeopathic preparations are more frequently used in upper respiratory tract infections, infant colic, sleep disturbances, and recurrent infections...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459518/-systematic-review-of-the-application-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-their-potential-therapeutic-benefits-in-the-treatment-of-ophthalmology-patients
#18
A K Welte, U Hahn, A Büssing, F Krummenauer
Purpose: A systematic review was carried out of the reported therapeutic effects of complementary and alternative medicine methods as supplementary or primary treatments for patients suffering from glaucoma, cataract or age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Material and Methods: For the years 1990 to 2013, the following databases were screened for reports of the application of complementary and alternative treatments: PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CAMbase and AMED. Both randomised and prospective non-randomised patient trials were included in the review; results were evaluated in the following classes: "phytotherapy", "acupuncture/acupressure", "biofeedback" and "other alternative treatments"...
July 26, 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444350/back-to-the-roots-a-quantitative-survey-of-herbal-drugs-in-dioscorides-de-materia-medica-ex-matthioli-1568
#19
REVIEW
P O Staub, L Casu, M Leonti
BACKGROUND: De Materia Medica written by Pedanios Dioscorides (1 century CE) has shaped European and Mediterranean herbal medicine to a large extent. Despite its fundamental importance for modern medico-botanical traditions the content of this work has never been systematically assessed. PURPOSE: We present a quantitative survey of the botanical drugs described in De Materia Medica (ex Matthioli, 1568) and identify overall therapeutic, diachronic and botanical patterns...
September 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430498/-pathogenic-factors-in-calcium-oxalate-stones-epidemiological-investigation
#20
H Kaaroud El Jery, A Harzallah, S Chouchi, E Talbi, H Baccouch, J Abdelmoula, A Bouzouita, M Chebil, F Ben Hamida, T Ben Abdallah
INTRODUCTION: Calcium oxalate stones are the most common urolithiasis. Changes in dietary habits, socio-economic and health status of populations explain its progression. The aim of our study was to determine metabolic factors leading to lithiasis and clarify its causes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 100 patients with calcium oxalate stones identified by morpho-constitutional study, collected in our department over a period of 5 years (2008-2013)...
June 2016: Progrès en Urologie
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