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Phytotherapie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092098/evaluation-the-ethnopharmacological-studies-in-iran-during-2004-2016-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Zahra Sadeghi, Maryam Akaberi, Seyed Ahmad Emami, Alireza Sobhkhizi, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Although Iran has a deep history in herbal medicine and great heritage of ancient medical scholars, few efforts have been made to evaluate ethnopharmacological aspects of medicinal plants in this country. In the present study, the authors have reviewed all important literature about the ethnopharmacological investigations on medicinal plants used in the last decade in Iran. All provinces of Iran were categorized according to a phytogeographical division. Information was collected through bibliographic investigations from scientific journals and books...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091973/mechanisms-on-spasmolytic-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-a%C3%A2-herbal-medicinal-product-consisting-of-myrrh-chamomile-flower-and-coffee-charcoal
#2
Cica Vissiennon, Karl-Heinz Goos, Jürgen Arnhold, Karen Nieber
Inflammatory bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome are chronic gastrointestinal disorders which are associated with a lifelong therapeutic need. The disease results in physical, psychological, and social problems with an impact on partnership, sexuality, education, and career. Thus, the number of patients and health care professionals relying on traditional and complementary medicines and especially phytotherapy for the treatment of these chronic conditions is increasing over recent years. One traditional herbal medicinal product consisting of chamomile flower, myrrh, and coffee charcoal has been widely used in clinical practice within this indication area...
January 13, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089108/-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-primary-care-nurses-about-the-management-of-patients-with-insomnia
#3
María Clara Vidal-Thomàs, Beatriz Yañez-Amoros, Isabel Torrens, Elena Torres-Solera, Magdalena Esteva
OBJECTIVE: To describe the knowledge, attitudes, and performance of primary care nurses in the management of patients with insomnia. METHODS: Descriptive study. An online questionnaire was sent to all primary care nurses of the Majorca Primary Care Department between June-July 2014. MEASUREMENTS: sociodemographic variables, professional characteristics, tuition, usual clinical practice in the management of patients with insomnia. RESULTS: 138 nurses answered the questionnaire (47%)...
January 6, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076407/medicinal-plant-diversity-and-inter-cultural-interactions-between-indigenous-guarani-criollos-and-polish-migrants-in-the-subtropics-of-argentina
#4
Monika Kujawska, Norma I Hilgert, Héctor A Keller, Guillermo Gil
Numerous studies highlight the importance of phytotherapy for indigenous and non-indigenous people in different parts of the world. In this work we analyze the richness (number of species), diversity (plant identity and the number of illnesses for which it is used) and similarity of plant species and illnesses treated with them, in order to contribute new data and insight into the importance of plant medicines to the local medical systems of people living in Misiones province, in the subtropics of Argentina...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073729/phytotherapy-against-buruli-ulcer-in-the-health-district-of-yamoussoukro-cote-d-ivoire-%C3%A2-identification-description-and-symbolic-functions-of-the-plants-and-recipes-used
#5
A A Adjet, D Kouame, G Fokou
This study aims to describe the plants and recipes proposed by traditional healers against Buruli ulcer in Côte d'Ivoire and to analyze their symbolic aspects. Buruli ulcer is an increasingly serious health problem in Côte d'Ivoire. The ivorian state through the National Buruli Ulcer Control Programme and its partners, has developed various actions to fight that disease. Medical and surgical treatments are offered free of charge to patients. Hundreds of health centers in different health districts have been converted into Buruli ulcer management centers...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056731/molecularly-imprinted-polymer-of-colocynthin-an-effective-tool-for-quality-control-of-citrullus-colocynthis-extracts
#6
Farid Ramezany, Mahnaz Khanavi, Mohammad Reza Shams Ardakani, Börje Sellegren, Mahdieh Eftekhari, Hossein Rastegar, Maryam Shekarchi
BACKGROUND: Different parts of Colocynth, Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad., are used in traditional phytotherapy and homeopathy. OBJECTIVE: In our new approach, a molecularly imprinted polymer was synthesized to absorb colocynthin, the major plant marker, and its capability was evaluated using HPLC-UV. METHOD: A new method was considered to achieve optimal conditions. FT-infrared, N2 adsorption porosimetry, fluorescent and scanning electron microscopy and thermo gravimetric profile of the polymers were studied...
January 4, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003130/ethnopharmacological-survey-of-medicinal-plants-used-in-daraa-tafilalet-region-province-of-errachidia-morocco
#7
Mohamed Eddouks, Mohammed Ajebli, Morad Hebi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: We carried out an ethnobotanical survey in Tafilalet region. This region is classified by the UNESCO as a reserve of biosphere and represents an important area with important knowledge of traditional medicine, especially the use of medicinal plants for human healthcare. Furthermore, the geographic location of this region makes this site a diverse and interesting resource of herbal biodiversity. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aimed to collect information about medicinal plants used in Tafilalet region as well as the indigenous knowledge related to the use of this natural resource in healthcare by the local population in order to preserve and protect this invaluable inheritance from loss and overlook...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999673/application-of-multi-target-phytotherapeutic-concept-in-malaria-drug-discovery-a-systems-biology-approach-in-biomarker-identification
#8
REVIEW
Protus Arrey Tarkang, Regina Appiah-Opong, Michael F Ofori, Lawrence S Ayong, Alexander K Nyarko
There is an urgent need for new anti-malaria drugs with broad therapeutic potential and novel mode of action, for effective treatment and to overcome emerging drug resistance. Plant-derived anti-malarials remain a significant source of bioactive molecules in this regard. The multicomponent formulation forms the basis of phytotherapy. Mechanistic reasons for the poly-pharmacological effects of plants constitute increased bioavailability, interference with cellular transport processes, activation of pro-drugs/deactivation of active compounds to inactive metabolites and action of synergistic partners at different points of the same signaling cascade...
2016: Biomarker Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982406/chinese-phytotherapy-to-reduce-stress-anxiety-and-improve-quality-of-life-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Leonice Fumiko Sato Kurebayashi, Ruth Natalia Teresa Turrini, Gisele Kuba, Miki Hoshi Minamizawa Shimizu, Raymond Sehiji Takiguch
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Chinese phytotherapyto reduce stress levels, anxiety and improve quality of life. METHOD: double-blind randomized controlled trial with 89 volunteers divided into three groups: control (no intervention), Placebo and Phytotherapy. The study was conducted in 2015 with healthy adults treated at the Integrated and Eastern Therapy Institute,in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Participants were evaluated at baseline and after three weeks with the Stress Symptoms List (SSL), Anxiety Inventory-Trait and State and SF12v2 for quality of life...
September 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976176/professional-skills-for-an-effective-use-of-phytotherapy-in-poultry-and-pig-production-in-europe
#10
F González César, B P Isabel, A Velarde, D Keller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975361/-monastery-medicine-what-s-the-story-behind-it-what-s-reasonable-what-s-no-good
#11
Heike Will, Iris Eisenmann-Tappe
"Monastery medicine" refers to the traditional medieval European medicine, which was above all in the hands of monks and nuns. We warn against the uncritical application of the historical treatment recommendations, such as by Hildegard von Bingen, as herbal humoralpathological drugs are not always harmless. Modern phytotherapy, however, is well-founded in science. Combined with adapted monastic elements such as dietetics and regulative therapy, as the basis of a "new monastery medicine", it can be used as a supplement to academic medicine...
December 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914909/benefits-pitfalls-and-risks-of-phytotherapy-in-clinical-practice-in-otorhinolaryngology
#12
O Laccourreye, A Werner, L Laccourreye, P Bonfils
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the benefits, pitfalls and risks of phytotherapy in the clinical practice of otorhinolaryngology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The PubMed and Cochrane databases were searched using the following keywords: phytotherapy, phytomedicine, herbs, otology, rhinology, laryngology, otitis, rhinitis, laryngitis and otorhinolaryngology. Seventy-two articles (18 prospective randomized studies, 4 Cochrane analyses, 4 meta-analysis and 15 reviews of the literature) devoted to clinical studies were analyzed...
November 30, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904805/hypothesis-on-serenoa-repens-bartram-small-extract-inhibition-of-prostatic-5%C3%AE-reductase-through-an-in-silico-approach-on-5%C3%AE-reductase-x-ray-structure
#13
Paolo Governa, Daniela Giachetti, Marco Biagi, Fabrizio Manetti, Luca De Vico
Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a common disease in men aged over 50 years old, with an incidence increasing to more than 80% over the age of 70, that is increasingly going to attract pharmaceutical interest. Within conventional therapies, such as α-adrenoreceptor antagonists and 5α-reductase inhibitor, there is a large requirement for treatments with less adverse events on, e.g., blood pressure and sexual function: phytotherapy may be the right way to fill this need. Serenoa repens standardized extract has been widely studied and its ability to reduce lower urinary tract symptoms related to benign prostatic hyperplasia is comprehensively described in literature...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894973/is-there-nothing-new-under-the-sun-the-influence-of-herbals-and-pharmacopoeias-on-ethnobotanical-traditions-in-albacete-spain
#14
Diego Rivera, Alonso Verde, Concepción Obón, Francisco Alcaraz, Candelaria Moreno, Teresa Egea, José Fajardo, José Antonio Palazón, Arturo Valdés, Maria Adele Signorini, Piero Bruschi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This paper has two overarching aims: (1) presenting the results of studying the Albacete tariff of medicines of 1526 and (2) broadly analyzing the origin and influences of medicinal traditional knowledge in the region of Albacete, Spain. We use historical and modern literature that may have influenced this knowledge. Our primary goal was to determine the ingredients used in the pharmacy in the 16th century CE in Albacete through the analysis of the tariff, and our secondary goal was to investigate until when ingredients and uses present in pharmacy and herbals persisted in later periods...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878112/withania-coagulans-extract-induces-cell-apoptosis-and-inhibits-cox-2-expression-in-a-rat-model-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#15
Maryam Sarbishegi, Ozra Khajavi, Mohammad Reza Arab
BACKGROUND: Phytotherapy is a popular treatment option in cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), with many different herbal products being used for the treatment of this condition. Withania coagulans (WC) is an herbal medicine that has shown anti-tumoral, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant effects. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effect of Withania coagulans extract (WCE) on prostatic cell apoptosis and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in rats...
September 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876936/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-anthelmintic-activity-of-seed-extract-of-coriandrum-sativum-compared-to-niclosamid-against-hymenolepis-nana-infection
#16
Samaneh Hosseinzadeh, Maryam Jamshidian Ghalesefidi, Mehdi Azami, Mohammad Ali Mohaghegh, Seyed Hossein Hejazi, Mohsen Ghomashlooyan
Phytotherapy can be an alternative for the control of gastrointestinal parasites in human and animals. Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) is a medicinal plant which grown as a spice crop all over the world. The seeds of this plant have been used to treat parasitic disease, indigestion, diabetes, rheumatism and pain in the joints. This study was carried out to compare the efficacy of Niclosamid and alcoholic seed extract of C. sativum on Hymenolepis nana infection, in vivo and vitro. For in vivo study, Balb/c mice were used, to compare the efficacy of 50 mg/kg body weight (B...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801865/herbal-products-in-italy-the-thin-line-between-phytotherapy-nutrition-and-parapharmaceuticals-a-normative-overview-of-the-fastest-growing-market-in-europe
#17
REVIEW
Marco Biagi, Rita Pecorari, Giovanni Appendino, Elisabetta Miraldi, Anna Rosa Magnano, Paolo Governa, Giulia Cettolin, Daniela Giachetti
The Italian herbal products market is the most prosperous in Europe. The proof is represented by the use of these products in several marketing categories, ranging from medicine to nutrition and cosmetics. Market and legislation in Italy are at the same time cause and consequence of this peculiar situation. In fact, the legislation on botanical food supplements in Italy is very permissive and at the same time the market shows an overall satisfaction of users and strong feedback in terms of consumption, which brings a widening use of medicinal plants, formerly the prerogative of pharmaceuticals, to other fields such as nutrition...
October 29, 2016: Pharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785446/scientometric-study-of-academic-publications-on-antioxidative-herbal-medicines-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Ozra Tabatabaei-Malazy, Amir Ramezani, Rasha Atlasi, Bagher Larijani, Mohammad Abdollahi
BACKGROUND: Scientometric analysis is increasingly used for research assessment. We aimed to perform a scientometric analysis of research productivity in field of antioxidative hypoglycemic herbal medicine and diabetes. METHODS: Some of search terms were "type 2 diabetes", "antioxidant", "herb", "phytotherapy", "ethnopharmacology", "Chinese medicine", "traditional medicine", in Scopus web databases until January 2015, and limited to human. The collected data were used to generate the specific features such as publication year, main journal in the field, citation, subject area, and co-authorship network of authors and institutes...
2016: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748196/convenient-traditional-and-alternative-therapies-for-cardiovascular-disorders
#19
Mohammad M Zarshenas, Arman Zargaran, Michael Blaschke
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are of major causes of death worldwide. Complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) are considered as new sources to find preventive and treatment approaches with mostly a historical perspective. Chinese medicine (CM), Persian medicine (PM), Ayurveda and homeopathy are as most popular traditional systems of medicine among various CAM methods. In this survey, we aimed to review most relevant and approved treatment by current investigations on these CAM systems in the field of CVD to present best traditional remedies and treatment approaches...
October 10, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729866/methanolic-extract-of-morinda-citrifolia-l-noni-unripe-fruit-attenuates-ethanol-induced-conditioned-place-preferences-in-mice
#20
Yasmin Khan, Vijayapandi Pandy
Phytotherapy is an emerging field successfully utilized to treat various chronic diseases including alcohol dependence. In the present study, we examined the effect of the standardized methanolic extract of Morinda citrifolia Linn. unripe fruit (MMC), on compulsive ethanol-seeking behavior using the mouse conditioned place preference (CPP) test. CPP was established by injections of ethanol (2 g/kg, i.p.) in a 12-day conditioning schedule in mice. The effect of MMC and the reference drug, acamprosate (ACAM), on the reinforcing properties of ethanol in mice was studied by the oral administration of MMC (1, 3, and 5 g/kg) and ACAM (300 mg/kg) 60 min prior to the final CPP test postconditioning...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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