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Postgraduate Medical Journal

Vivek Verma, Lindsay Burt, Phyllis A Gimotty, Eric Ojerholm
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that recent resident research productivity might be different than a decade ago, and to provide contemporary information about resident scholarly activity. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We compiled a list of radiation oncology residents from the 2 most recent graduating classes (June 2014 and 2015) using the Association of Residents in Radiation Oncology annual directories. We queried the PubMed database for each resident's first-authored publications from postgraduate years (PGY) 2 through 5, plus a 3-month period after residency completion...
August 11, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Adedoyin Adekunle Adesanya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
Raman Kumar
Family medicine (FM) is an independent and distinct medical specialty in the developed countries such as USA, UK, Australia, and Canada since 1960s. FM teaching is imparted at undergraduate and postgraduate levels in countries such as Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Family practice is the practicing vocation of the majority doctors in India. The practitioners of FM include general practitioners, family physicians, FM specialists, and medical officers in the public sector. Medical students are largely unaware about FM career as this concept is not introduced at MBBS level...
January 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
A Herur, S Kolagi, U Ramadurg, C S Hiremath, C P Hadimani, S S Goudar
BACKGROUND: A gap between best practice and actual clinical care exists and this can be overcome by evidence-based practice (EBP), which is essential to improve the clinical decision making. A strategy to reduce deficits in care provision is to train the postgraduate students in the practice of EBP in the journal clubs as evidence from medical colleges in India reveals that current format of journal club presentations is unsatisfactory. AIM: The aim of the present study was to refine the journal club presentations of postgraduate students of clinical departments and to study the effectiveness of EBP training in them for better EBP...
May 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
Jean Baptiste Kakoma
The area of Human Resources for Health (HRH) is the most critical challenge for the achievement of health related development goals in countries with limited resources. This is even exacerbated in a post conflict environment like Rwanda. The aim of this commentary is to report and share the genesis and outcomes of an exciting experience about training of qualified health workers in medicine and public health as well as setting - up of a research culture for the last nine years (2006 - 2014) in Rwanda. Many initiatives have been taken and concerned among others training of qualified health workers in medicine and public health...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Masatoshi Matsumoto, Keisuke Takeuchi, Junko Tanaka, Susumu Tazuma, Kazuo Inoue, Tetsuhiro Owaki, Seitaro Iguchi, Takahiro Maeda
INTRODUCTION: Given the shortage of physicians, particularly in rural areas, the Japanese government has rapidly expanded the number of medical school students by adding chiikiwaku (regional quotas) since 2008. Quota entrants now account for 17% of all medical school entrants. Quota entrants are usually local high school graduates who receive a scholarship from the prefecture government. In exchange, they temporarily practise in that prefecture, including its rural areas, after graduation...
2016: BMJ Open
Rakesh Aggarwal, Nithya Gogtay, Rajeev Kumar, Peush Sahni
Note: This editorial is being published simultaneously in the Indian Heart Journal, Indian Journal of Anaesthesia, Indian Journal of Gastroenterology, Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology, Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology, Indian Journal of Pharmacology, Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, Indian Journal of Urology, Indian Pediatrics, International Journal of Health Research & Medicolegal Practice, Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology, Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, Journal of Clinical and Scientific Research, Journal of Conservative Dentistry, Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine, Journal of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, and The National Medical Journal of India...
October 2015: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Ilene K Tsui, William C Dodson, Allen R Kunselman, Hongying Kuang, Feng-Juan Han, Richard S Legro, Xiao-Ke Wu
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether a journal club model could improve comprehension and written and spoken medical English in a population of Chinese medical professionals. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study population consisted of 52 medical professionals who were residents or postgraduate master or PhD students in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, China. INTERVENTION: After a three-part baseline examination to assess medical English comprehension, participants were randomised to either (1) an intensive journal club treatment arm or (2) a self-study group...
2016: BMJ Open
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pain Physician
Ivan Dobrić
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
N A Emel'yanova
This article is dedicated to the life and work (research, medical, educational) of V.V. Shmeleva, professor and Great Patriotic War participant. She was the head of ophthalmology department at the City Clinical Hospital No 67 and promoted the implementation of cataract cryoextraction into clinical practice. As a professor at the Order of Lenin Central Institute of Advanced Medical Training she was engaged in postgraduate training of ophthalmologists. V.V. Shmeleva is the author of Cataract monograph and many scientific articles...
July 2015: Vestnik Oftalmologii
Sudesna Chatterjee, Melanie J Davies
The last 90 years have seen considerable advances in the management of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Prof MacLean of Guy's Hospital wrote in the Postgraduate Medical Journal in 1926 about the numerous challenges that faced patients and their healthcare professionals in delivering safe and effective diabetes care at that time. The discovery of insulin in 1922 heralded a new age in enabling long-term glycaemic control, which reduced morbidity and mortality. Thirty years later, the first oral agents for diabetes, the biguanides and sulfonylureas, appeared and freed type 2 patients from having to inject insulin following diagnosis...
November 2015: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Hon Shing Ong, Melanie C Corbett
Ninety years ago, the first issue of the Postgraduate Medical Journal published a review of an article written by Mr Robert Lindsay-Rea, a consultant ophthalmic surgeon in the Western Ophthalmic Hospital and an oculist in the West End Hospital for Nervous Diseases, entitled "A preliminary report on the treatment of keratitis". Today, microbial keratitis remains an important cause of avoidable visual impairment in the world. The aetiology of microbial keratitis has changed greatly over the past century due to the discovery of antibiotics, improvement in sanitation and education, the rising trend of contact lens wear and increased air travel...
October 2015: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Carolina Gomes Freitas, Thomas Fernando Coelho Pesavento, Maurício Reis Pedrosa, Rachel Riera, Maria Regina Torloni
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Clinical trial registration is a prerequisite for publication in respected scientific journals. Recent Brazilian regulations also require registration of some clinical trials in the Brazilian Clinical Trials Registry (ReBEC) but there is little information available about practical issues involved in the registration process. This article discusses the importance of clinical trial registration and the practical issues involved in this process. DESIGN AND SETTING: Descriptive study conducted by researchers within a postgraduate program at a public university in São Paulo, Brazil...
January 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
Sathish Rajasekaran, Alto Lo, Abdel-Rahman Aly, Nigel Ashworth
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether postgraduate medical trainees are exposed to honorary authorship, whether they are aware of the topic and if they believe that further support and education concerning this issue is needed. METHODS: Postgraduate medical trainees were contacted by email with a link to our questionnaire on two occasions (2 and 26 February 2014) and then contacted in person (June-November 2014). The questionnaire topics included demographics, authorship practice beliefs and experience, and authorship policy-related questions...
September 2015: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Merrilyn Walton, Reema Harrison, Annette Burgess, Kirsty Foster
BACKGROUND: Preventable harm is one of the top six health problems in the developed world. Developing patient safety skills and knowledge among advanced trainee doctors is critical. Clinical supervision is the main form of training for advanced trainees. The use of supervision to develop patient safety competence has not been established. OBJECTIVE: To establish the use of clinical supervision and other workplace training to develop non-technical patient safety competency in advanced trainee doctors...
October 2015: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Patrick B Barlow, Gary Skolits, Robert Eric Heidel, William Metheny, Tiffany Lee Smith
BACKGROUND: Although biostatistics and clinical epidemiology are essential for comprehending medical evidence, research has shown consistently low and variable knowledge among postgraduate medical trainees. Simultaneously, there has been an increase in the complexity of statistical methods among top-tier medical journals. AIMS: To develop the Biostatics and Clinical Epidemiology Skills (BACES) assessment by (1) establishing content validity evidence of the BACES; (2) examining the model fit of the BACES items to an Item Response Theory (IRT) model; and (3) comparing IRT item estimates with those of traditional Classical Test Theory (CTT) indices...
August 2015: Postgraduate Medical Journal
O B Yusuf, E A Bamgboye, R F Afolabi, M A Shodimu
BACKGROUND: Logistic regression model is widely used in health research for description and predictive purposes. Unfortunately, most researchers are sometimes not aware that the underlying principles of the techniques have failed when the algorithm for maximum likelihood does not converge. Young researchers particularly postgraduate students may not know why separation problem whether quasi or complete occurs, how to identify it and how to fix it. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to critically evaluate convergence issues in articles that employed logistic regression analysis published in an African Journal of Medicine and medical sciences between 2004 and 2013...
September 2014: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
John C Hogenbirk, Margaret G French, Patrick E Timony, Roger P Strasser, Dan Hunt, Raymond W Pong
INTRODUCTION: The Northern Ontario School of Medicine (NOSM) has a social accountability mandate to serve the healthcare needs of the people of Northern Ontario, Canada. A multiyear, multimethod tracking study of medical students and postgraduate residents is being conducted by the Centre for Rural and Northern Health Research (CRaNHR) in conjunction with NOSM starting in 2005 when NOSM first enrolled students. The objective is to understand how NOSM's selection criteria and medical education programmes set in rural and northern communities affect early career decision-making by physicians with respect to their choice of medical discipline, practice location, medical services and procedures, inclusion of medically underserved patient populations and practice structure...
2015: BMJ Open
Shashi Kant, Partha Haldar, Chandrakant S Pandav, Puneet Misra, Sanjay Rai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: National Medical Journal of India
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