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Postgraduate Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884701/palliative-care-in-africa-a-scoping-review-from-2005-16
#1
REVIEW
John Y Rhee, Eduardo Garralda, Carlos Torrado, Santiago Blanco, Ibone Ayala, Eve Namisango, Emmanuel Luyirika, Liliana de Lima, Richard A Powell, Carlos Centeno
Since the last comprehensive review on the development of national palliative care in Africa was undertaken 12 years ago, in 2005, we did a scoping review of peer-reviewed, published articles on palliative care development between 2005-16 for each African country. The scoping review was conducted by assessing the medical literature and including local expert recommendations of suggested articles. We did a basic quality assessment of the articles using the journals' impact factor, journal quartile, and the number of citations as suitable metrics for quality consideration...
September 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842085/what-is-the-current-role-and-factors-for-success-of-the-journal-club-in-podiatric-foot-and-ankle-surgery-residency-training-programs
#2
Eric So, Christopher F Hyer, Marcus P Richardson, Randall C Thomas
The journal club (JC) is a traditional part of postgraduate medical education, although little has been written on its current role in podiatric surgical training programs. The goal of the present study was to determine how JCs are conducted and the factors associated with their success. Anonymous electronic surveys were distributed to all podiatric foot and ankle surgical training program directors in the United States with a valid e-mail address. A total of 202 surveys were initially e-mailed to training program directors, with a second and third round sent to those who did not respond...
September 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678134/protected-time-for-research-during-orthopaedic-residency-correlates-with-an-increased-number-of-resident-publications
#3
Benjamin R Williams, Julie A Agel, Ann E Van Heest
BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requires orthopaedic residency programs to promote scholarship and research, which manifest differently among programs. We assess the impact of protected research time during orthopaedic residency on the number of resident publications. METHODS: Rotation schedules and resident names were collected from 125 ACGME-accredited U.S. orthopaedic residency programs. Protected research time was classified as 1 of 3 types: (1) block time, (2) longitudinal time, or (3) no dedicated time...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459897/association-of-inpatient-antimicrobial-utilization-measures-with-antimicrobial-stewardship-activities-and-facility-characteristics-of-veterans-affairs-medical-centers
#4
Christopher J Graber, Makoto M Jones, Ann F Chou, Yue Zhang, Matthew Bidwell Goetz, Karl Madaras-Kelly, Matthew H Samore, Peter A Glassman
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) have been advocated to improve antimicrobial utilization, but program implementation is variable. Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) have been advocated to improve antimicrobial utilization, but program implementation is variable. OBJECTIVE: To determine associations between ASPs and facility characteristics, and inpatient antimicrobial utilization measures in the Veterans Affairs (VA) system in 2012. DESIGN: In 2012, VA administered a survey on antimicrobial stewardship practices to designated ASP contacts at VA acute care hospitals...
May 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445219/canadian-national-guidelines-and-recommendations-for-integrating-career-advising-into-medical-school-curricula
#5
Kelly Howse, June Harris, Nancy Dalgarno
Career planning, decision making about specialty choice, and preparation for residency matching are significant sources of stress for medical students. Attempts have been made to structure and formalize career advising by including it in accreditation standards. There is an expressed need for national guidelines on career advising for medical students. The Future of Medical Education in Canada Postgraduate (FMEC PG) Implementation Project was created to ensure Canadian medical trainees receive the best education possible...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432823/-gerimedjc-the-twitter-complement-to-the-traditional-format-geriatric-medicine-journal-club
#6
Amanda I Gardhouse, Laura Budd, Seu Y C Yang, Camilla L Wong
Twitter is a public microblogging platform that overcomes physical limitations and allows unrestricted participation beyond academic silos, enabling interactive discussions. Twitter-based journal clubs have demonstrated growth, sustainability, and worldwide communication, using a hashtag (#) to follow participation. This article describes the first year of #GeriMedJC, a monthly 1-hour live, 23-hour asynchronous Twitter-based complement to the traditional-format geriatric medicine journal club. The Twitter moderator tweets from the handle @GeriMedJC; encourages use of #GeriMedJC; and invites content experts, study authors, and followers to participate in critical appraisal of medical literature...
June 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421176/distributed-learning-revitalizing-anesthesiology-training-in-resource-limited-ethiopia
#7
Krupa B Patel, Morgan Dooley, Ananya Abate, Vanessa Moll
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has a significant paucity of available health-care workers. Despite the increasing number of medical schools, there are not enough physician instructors. Furthermore, availability and standardization of postgraduate training are lacking. Modalities of e-learning have been shown to be successful when used to impart medical education in other resource-limited countries. The Emory University and Addis Ababa University (AAU) Departments of Anesthesiology have formed a collaboration with the intent of improving the AAU Anesthesiology residency program, one of two postgraduate training programs for anesthesiology in Ethiopia...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410688/education-and-training-of-medical-physics-in-iran-the-past-the-present-and-the-future
#8
Seyed Rabi Mahdavi, Behrouz Rasuli, Azam Niroomand-Rad
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the current status of education and training programs in medical physics in Iran. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed and sent to 274 IAMP (Iranian Association of Medical Physicists) members focusing on these two topics: the educational situation (course syllabus, number of faculty members, number of PhD and MSc students and sub-fields offered in the department) and the professional situation (work experience, workplaces of medical physicists, postgraduate degrees that were granted and the amount of therapy and imaging equipment)...
April 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274244/where-is-students-research-in-evidence-informed-decision-making-in-health-assessing-productivity-and-use-of-postgraduate-students-research-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
E A Obuku, J N Lavis, A Kinengyere, D K Mafigiri, F Sengooba, C Karamagi, N K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Investing in research that is not accessible or used is a waste of resources and an injustice to human subject participants. Post-graduate students' research in institutions of higher learning involves considerable time, effort and money, warranting evaluation of the return on investment. Although individual studies addressing research productivity of post-graduate students are available, a synthesis of these results in low-income settings has not been undertaken. Our first aim is to identify the types of approaches that increase productivity and those that increase the application of medical post-graduate students' research and to assess their effectiveness...
March 9, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822158/using-the-journal-bmj-case-reports-to-promote-the-publication-of-clinical-case-reports
#10
Blanca San José Montano
OBJECTIVE: The study updates and enhances clinicians' knowledge about clinical case reports (CCRs) and encourages publication of such articles. METHODS: The author developed and offered a session about BMJ Case Reports to medical and surgical departments in the University Hospital of Móstoles. The session reviewed the contents and add-on services of the journal, conventional and alternative indicators of journal quality, use of CCRs to share valuable clinical lessons, and manuscript preparation and submission...
October 2016: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797347/medical-student-journals-teaching-the-peer-review-process-and-promoting-academic-mentorship
#11
Nadine M Kaskas, David H Ballard, Jeffery A Weisman, John A Vanchiere
Early exposure to research and longitudinal academic mentorship encourages medical student interest in academic careers and postgraduate research productivity. There are various ways for students to gain exposure to research in medical school; however, there are very few opportunities for medical students to participate in the peer-review process as a reviewer or editor for an academic journal. One potential method to supply such educational experiences is the creation of scientific journals specifically for medical students...
September 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663761/contemporary-trends-in-radiation-oncology-resident-research
#12
Vivek Verma, Lindsay Burt, Phyllis A Gimotty, Eric Ojerholm
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that recent resident research productivity might be different than a decade ago, and to provide contemporary information about resident scholarly activity. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We compiled a list of radiation oncology residents from the 2 most recent graduating classes (June 2014 and 2015) using the Association of Residents in Radiation Oncology annual directories. We queried the PubMed database for each resident's first-authored publications from postgraduate years (PGY) 2 through 5, plus a 3-month period after residency completion...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623719/the-nigerian-postgraduate-medical-journal-the-journey-so-far-%C3%A2
#13
EDITORIAL
Adedoyin Adekunle Adesanya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453835/frequently-asked-questions-about-family-medicine-in-india
#14
Raman Kumar
Family medicine (FM) is an independent and distinct medical specialty in the developed countries such as USA, UK, Australia, and Canada since 1960s. FM teaching is imparted at undergraduate and postgraduate levels in countries such as Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Family practice is the practicing vocation of the majority doctors in India. The practitioners of FM include general practitioners, family physicians, FM specialists, and medical officers in the public sector. Medical students are largely unaware about FM career as this concept is not introduced at MBBS level...
January 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398252/refining-the-journal-club-presentations-of-postgraduate-students-in-seven-clinical-departments-for-better-evidence-based-practice
#15
A Herur, S Kolagi, U Ramadurg, C S Hiremath, C P Hadimani, S S Goudar
BACKGROUND: A gap between best practice and actual clinical care exists and this can be overcome by evidence-based practice (EBP), which is essential to improve the clinical decision making. A strategy to reduce deficits in care provision is to train the postgraduate students in the practice of EBP in the journal clubs as evidence from medical colleges in India reveals that current format of journal club presentations is unsatisfactory. AIM: The aim of the present study was to refine the journal club presentations of postgraduate students of clinical departments and to study the effectiveness of EBP training in them for better EBP...
May 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303587/postgraduate-and-research-programmes-in-medicine-and-public-health-in-rwanda-an-exciting-experience-about-training-of-human-resources-for-health-in-a-limited-resources-country
#16
Jean Baptiste Kakoma
The area of Human Resources for Health (HRH) is the most critical challenge for the achievement of health related development goals in countries with limited resources. This is even exacerbated in a post conflict environment like Rwanda. The aim of this commentary is to report and share the genesis and outcomes of an exciting experience about training of qualified health workers in medicine and public health as well as setting - up of a research culture for the last nine years (2006 - 2014) in Rwanda. Many initiatives have been taken and concerned among others training of qualified health workers in medicine and public health...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27084288/follow-up-study-of-the-regional-quota-system-of-japanese-medical-schools-and-prefecture-scholarship-programmes-a-study-protocol
#17
Masatoshi Matsumoto, Keisuke Takeuchi, Junko Tanaka, Susumu Tazuma, Kazuo Inoue, Tetsuhiro Owaki, Seitaro Iguchi, Takahiro Maeda
INTRODUCTION: Given the shortage of physicians, particularly in rural areas, the Japanese government has rapidly expanded the number of medical school students by adding chiikiwaku (regional quotas) since 2008. Quota entrants now account for 17% of all medical school entrants. Quota entrants are usually local high school graduates who receive a scholarship from the prefecture government. In exchange, they temporarily practise in that prefecture, including its rural areas, after graduation...
April 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985403/the-revised-guidelines-of-the-medical-council-of-india-for-academic-promotions-need-for-a-rethink
#18
Rakesh Aggarwal, Nithya Gogtay, Rajeev Kumar, Peush Sahni
Note: This editorial is being published simultaneously in the Indian Heart Journal, Indian Journal of Anaesthesia, Indian Journal of Gastroenterology, Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology, Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology, Indian Journal of Pharmacology, Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, Indian Journal of Urology, Indian Pediatrics, International Journal of Health Research & Medicolegal Practice, Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology, Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, Journal of Clinical and Scientific Research, Journal of Conservative Dentistry, Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine, Journal of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, and The National Medical Journal of India...
October 2015: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26823180/chinese-obstetrics-gynecology-journal-club-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ilene K Tsui, William C Dodson, Allen R Kunselman, Hongying Kuang, Feng-Juan Han, Richard S Legro, Xiao-Ke Wu
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether a journal club model could improve comprehension and written and spoken medical English in a population of Chinese medical professionals. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study population consisted of 52 medical professionals who were residents or postgraduate master or PhD students in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, China. INTERVENTION: After a three-part baseline examination to assess medical English comprehension, participants were randomised to either (1) an intensive journal club treatment arm or (2) a self-study group...
January 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26815245/in-errata
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pain Physician
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