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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684942/reanalysis-of-the-trotter-tibia-quandary-and-its-continued-effect-on-stature-estimation-of-past-conflict-service-members
#1
Jeffrey James Lynch, Carrie Brown, Andrea Palmiotto, Heli Maijanen, Franklin Damann
Forensic casework from past-conflicts relies on the corrected historical Trotter data for stature estimation in Fordisc. For roughly 10 years', stature estimation using this data has produced point estimates for the tibia that are on average 1.25 inches less than the other long bones. This issue was identified after applying the equations derived from Fordisc to the USS Oklahoma commingled assemblage. Reevaluation of Fordisc revealed that a correction factor of 20 mm, instead of 10 mm, was mistakenly applied to the Trotter tibia data...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684939/loose-lipped-mobile-device-intelligent-personal-assistants-a-discussion-of-information-gleaned-from-siri-on-locked-ios-devices
#2
Graeme Horsman
The forensic analysis of mobile handsets is becoming a more prominent factor in many criminal investigations. Despite such devices frequently storing relevant evidential content to support an investigation, accessing this information is becoming an increasingly difficult task due to enhanced effective security features. Where access to a device's resident data is not possible via traditional mobile forensic methods, in some cases it may still be possible to extract user information via queries made to an installed intelligent personal assistant...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684935/facial-asymmetry-based-age-group-estimation-role-in-recognizing-age-separated-face-images
#3
Muhammad Sajid, Imtiaz Ahmad Taj, Usama Ijaz Bajwa, Naeem Iqbal Ratyal
Face recognition aims to establish the identity of a person based on facial characteristics. On the other hand, age group estimation is the automatic calculation of an individual's age range based on facial features. Recognizing age-separated face images is still a challenging research problem due to complex aging processes involving different types of facial tissues, skin, fat, muscles, and bones. Certain holistic and local facial features are used to recognize age-separated face images. However, most of the existing methods recognize face images without incorporating the knowledge learned from age group estimation...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684898/isotopic-evidence-for-enhanced-fossil-fuel-sources-of-aerosol-ammonium-in-the-urban-atmosphere
#4
Yuepeng Pan, Shili Tian, Dongwei Liu, Yunting Fang, Xiaying Zhu, Meng Gao, Jian Gao, Greg Michalski, Yuesi Wang
The sources of aerosol ammonium (NH4 + ) are of interest because of the potential of NH4 + to impact the Earth's radiative balance, as well as human health and biological diversity. Isotopic source apportionment of aerosol NH4 + is challenging in the urban atmosphere, which has excess ammonia (NH3 ) and where nitrogen isotopic fractionation commonly occurs. Based on year-round isotopic measurements in urban Beijing, we show the source dependence of the isotopic abundance of aerosol NH4 + , with isotopically light (-33...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684888/degree-of-phenyl-chlorination-of-ddt-related-compounds-as-potential-molecular-indicator-for-industrial-ddt-emissions
#5
Sebastian Kucher, Larissa Dsikowitzky, Mathias Ricking, Sujatha C H, Jan Schwarzbauer
The pesticide DDT (1-chloro-4-[2,2,2-trichloro-1-(4-chlorophenyl)ethyl]benzene) and its degradates are among the most persistent and abundant organochlorine contaminates in the environment, and DDT is still being produced in several Asian countries. In this study, we report for the first time on the detection of DDT-related compounds with one additional or missing chlorine atom at the phenyl group (DDX±Cl ) in sediment and soil samples taken in the vicinity of former and current DDT production sites. These congeneric compounds most likely originate from production residues disposed of into the environment...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684881/source-specific-speciation-profiles-of-pm-2-5-for-heavy-metals-and-their-anthropogenic-emissions-in-china
#6
Yayong Liu, Jia Xing, Shuxiao Wang, Xiao Fu, Haotian Zheng
Heavy metals are concerned for its adverse effect on human health and long term burden on biogeochemical cycling in the ecosystem. In this study, a provincial-level emission inventory of 13 kinds of heavy metals including V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, Sn, Sb, Ba and Pb from 10 anthropogenic sources was developed for China, based on the 2015 national emission inventory of primary particulate matters and source category-specific speciation profiles collected from 50 previous studies measured in China. Uncertainties associated with the speciation profiles were also evaluated...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684864/temperamental-factors-in-remitted-depression-the-role-of-effortful-control-and-attentional-mechanisms
#7
Igor Marchetti, Jason Shumake, Ivan Grahek, Ernst H W Koster
BACKGROUND: Temperamental effortful control and attentional networks are increasingly viewed as important underlying processes in depression and anxiety. However, it is still unknown whether these factors facilitate depressive and anxiety symptoms in the general population and, more specifically, in remitted depressed individuals. METHODS: We investigated to what extent effortful control and attentional networks (i.e., Attention Network Task) explain concurrent depressive and anxious symptoms in healthy individuals (n = 270) and remitted depressed individuals (n = 90)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684835/objectively-measured-interprofessional-education-outcome-and-factors-that-enhance-program-effectiveness-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
R Riskiyana, M Claramita, G R Rahayu
Several studies have been conducted to evaluate the implementation of interprofessional education (IPE) across the globe. By looking at the timeline of each previous study, it can be inferred that the implementation of IPE has been improving continuously. However, the effectiveness of IPE still cannot be easily generalized due to misconceptions regarding how interprofessional collaboration capabilities should be evaluated. This study aims to generalize the learning outcomes that were produced by IPE in a global context and analyse the contributing factors...
April 17, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684812/quantitative-evaluation-of-the-matrix-effect-in-bioanalytical-methods-based-on-lc-ms-a-comparison-of-two-approaches
#9
Piotr J Rudzki, Elżbieta Gniazdowska, Katarzyna Buś-Kwaśnik
Liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (LC-MS) is a powerful tool for studying pharmacokinetics and toxicokinetics. Reliable bioanalysis requires the characterization of the matrix effect, i.e. influence of the endogenous or exogenous compounds on the analyte signal intensity. We have compared two methods for the quantitation of matrix effect. The CVs(%) of internal standard normalized matrix factors recommended by the European Medicines Agency were evaluated against internal standard normalized relative matrix effects derived from Matuszewski et al...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684789/bipedal-hopping-timed-to-a-metronome-to-detect-impairments-in-anticipatory-motor-control-in-people-with-mild-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Megan C Kirkland, Alice Chen, Matthew B Downer, Brett J Holloway, Elizabeth M Wallack, Evan J Lockyer, Natasha C M Buckle, Courtney L Abbott, Michelle Ploughman
BACKGROUND: People with mild multiple sclerosis (MS) often report subtle deficits in balance and cognition but display no measurable impairment on clinical assessments. We examined whether hopping to a metronome beat had the potential to detect anticipatory motor control deficits among people with mild MS (Expanded Disability Status Scale ≤ 3.5). METHODS: Participants with MS (n = 13), matched controls (n = 9), and elderly subjects (n = 13) completed tests of cognition (Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)) and motor performance (Timed 25 Foot Walk Test (T25FWT))...
April 13, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684781/effect-of-crumb-rubber-on-the-mechanical-properties-of-crushed-recycled-pavement-materials
#11
Jie Li, Mohammad Saberian, Bao Thach Nguyen
The low-carbon footprint of using recycled construction and demolition (C&D) aggregates in civil engineering infrastructure applications has been considered to be a significant solution for the replacement of conventional pavement aggregates. Investigations regarding the use of crumb rubber in the base and subbase layers of pavement have been well documented. However, information on the effects of crumb rubber and its size within C&D aggregates as the base/subbase layers is still very limited. In this study, crumb rubber with particle sizes ranging from 400 to 600 μm (fine) to 10-15 mm (coarse), 20 mm recycled crushed concrete (RCC), and 20 mm crushed rock (CR) were used...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684774/hyperelastic-modeling-of-the-human-brain-tissue-effects-of-no-slip-boundary-condition-and-compressibility-on-the-uniaxial-deformation
#12
George Z Voyiadjis, Aref Samadi-Dooki
Being extremely soft, brain tissue is among the most challenging materials to be mechanically quantified. Despite recent advances in mechanical testing of ultra-soft matters, there still exists a need for robust procedures to analyze their behavior at large deformation. In this paper, it is shown how failing to taking into account the precise boundary conditions can result in substantial variation from the "assumed" ideal behavior, even for the case of simple loading conditions such as the uniaxial mode...
April 13, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684746/the-bioenergetics-mechanisms-and-applications-of-sulfate-reducing-bacteria-in-remediation-of-pollutants-in-drainage-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Xin Li, Shi-Ming Lan, Zhong-Ping Zhu, Chang Zhang, Guang-Ming Zeng, Yun-Guo Liu, Wei-Cheng Cao, Biao Song, Hong Yang, Sheng-Fan Wang, Shao-Hua Wu
Sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB), a group of anaerobic prokaryotes, can use sulfur species as a terminal electron acceptor for the oxidation of organic compounds. They not only have significant ecological functions, but also play an important role in bioremediation of contaminated sites. Although numerous studies on metabolism and applications of SRB have been conducted, they still remain incompletely understood and even controversial. Fully understanding the metabolism of SRB paves the way for allowing the microorganisms to provide more beneficial services in bioremediation...
April 20, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684744/the-role-of-circulating-tumour-cells-and-nucleic-acids-in-blood-for-the-detection-of-bladder-cancer-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Pramit Khetrapal, Matthew Wei Liang Lee, Wei Shen Tan, Liqin Dong, Patricia de Winter, Andrew Feber, John D Kelly
BACKGROUND: Blood-based biomarkers are a neglected resource in bladder cancer, where the mainstay of focus has been on urinary biomarkers. However, blood-based biomarkers are gaining popularity in other solid cancers, particularly circulating tumour cells (CTCs) and circulating nucleic acids. In this systematic review, we identify and discuss the diagnostic value of CTC, cell-free DNA and RNA based biomarkers in bladder cancer. METHODS: A MEDLINE/Pubmed systematic search was performed using the following keywords: (bladder cancer) AND (blood OR plasma OR serum) AND biomarker AND (DNA OR RNA OR cfDNA OR cell-free DNA OR RNA OR CTC)...
April 17, 2018: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684710/genomic-characterization-of-endemic-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhimurium-and-salmonella-enterica-serovar-i-4-5-12-i-isolated-in-malaysia
#15
Soo Tein Ngoi, Kien-Pong Yap, Kwai Lin Thong
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) and the monophasic variant Salmonella I 4,[5],12:i:- are two clinically-important non-typhoidal Salmonella serovars worldwide. However, the genomic information of these two organisms, especially the monophasic variant, is still lacking in Malaysia. The objective of the study was to compare the genomic features of a monophasic variant and two endemic S. Typhimurium strains isolated from humans. All three strains were subjected to whole genome sequencing followed by comparative genomic and phylogenetic analyses...
April 20, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684685/the-identification-of-discontinuous-epitope-in-the-human-cystatin-c-monoclonal-antibody-hcc3-complex
#16
M Rafalik, M Spodzieja, A S Kołodziejczyk, S Rodziewicz-Motowidło, A Szymańska, A Grubb, P Czaplewska
Human cystatin C (hCC) is a cysteine proteinase inhibitor involved in pathophysiological processes of dimerization and amyloid formation. These processes are directly associated with a number of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer disease or hereditary cystatin C amyloid angiopathy (HCCAA). One of the ideas on how to prevent amyloid formation is to use immunotherapy. HCC3 is one of a group of antibodies binding to hCC and reducing the in vitro formation of cystatin C dimers. Therefore, identification of the binding sites in the hCC-HCC3 complex may facilitate a search of effective drugs against HCCAA as well as understanding the mechanisms of neurodegenerative disorders...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684683/brain-related-proteins-as-potential-csf-biomarkers-of-alzheimer-s-disease-a-targeted-mass-spectrometry-approach
#17
Ilijana Begcevic, Davor Brinc, Marshall Brown, Eduardo Martinez-Morillo, Oliver Goldhardt, Timo Grimmer, Viktor Magdolen, Ihor Batruch, Eleftherios P Diamandis
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia, characterized by progressive cognitive decline. The main disease hallmarks include amyloid beta aggregates and neurofibrillary tangles. Brain pathology is reflected in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF); the core biomarkers amyloid beta 1-42, total and phosphorylated tau protein levels are changed, relative to cognitively normal elderly. Still, there is a need for additional biomarkers which could identify disease more accurately and at an earlier stage, predict severity and be used in research settings...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684666/systematic-review-of-preservation-solutions-for-allografts-for-liver-transplantation-based-on-a-network-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Fengying Rao, Jian Yang, Cheng Gong, Rong Huang, Qi Wang, Jun Shen
AIMS: The aim of this work was to determine the best preservation solutions for allografts for liver transplantation by quantitative network meta-analysis. METHODS: Global electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were searched for relevant randomized controlled trials. Seven pieces of parametric data were extracted from included studies for pooled estimation. A consistency model was used for direct and indirect comparisons. The cumulative probability P value was utilized to rank the solutions...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684662/release-of-endothelial-microparticles-in-patients-with-arterial-hypertension-hypertensive-emergencies-and-catheter-related-injury
#19
Roberto Sansone, Maximilian Baaken, Patrick Horn, Dominik Schuler, Ralf Westenfeld, Nicolas Amabile, Malte Kelm, Christian Heiss
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Circulating endothelial microparticles (EMPs) are increased in arterial hypertension. The role of physicomechanical factors that may induce EMP release in vivo is still unknown. We studied the relationship of EMPs and physicomechanical factors in stable arterial hypertension and hypertensive emergencies, and investigated the pattern of EMP release after mechanical endothelial injury. METHODS: In a pilot study, 41 subjects (50% hypertensives) were recruited...
April 12, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684660/who-cares-for-the-schizophrenia-individuals-in-rural-china-a-profile-of-primary-family-caregivers
#20
Yu Yu, Bing-Wei Tang, Zi-Wei Liu, Yu-Mei Chen, Xing-Yu Zhang, Shuiyuan Xiao
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to provide a comprehensive profile of the primary family caregivers of schizophrenia individuals in rural China. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 327 primary family caregivers of schizophrenia individuals recruited through a one-stage cluster sampling in Ningxiang County of Hunan province, China. The social demographic and psychological profiles of primary caregivers were measured using standard scales and self-designed scales...
April 11, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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