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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205007/long-term-evaluation-of-biliary-reflux-after-experimental-one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-in-rats
#1
Matthieu Bruzzi, Henri Duboc, Caroline Gronnier, Dominique Rainteau, Anne Couvelard, Maude Le Gall, André Bado, Jean-Marc Chevallier
BACKGROUND: Controversy remains regarding biliary reflux after one-anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB). The aim of this "pilot" study was to analyze biliary reflux and its potential long-term consequences on esogastric mucosae in OAGB-operated rats. METHODS: Diet-induced obese rats were subjected to OAGB (n = 10) or sham (n = 4) surgery and followed up for 16 weeks. Evolution of weight and glucose tolerance was analyzed. Bile acid concentration measurement, histological and qRT-PCR analysis were performed in the esogastric segments...
February 15, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181137/portoenterostomy-as-a-salvage-procedure-for-major-biliary-complications-following-hepaticojejunostomy
#2
Amit Sharma, John S Hammond, Emmanouil Psaltis, W Keith Dunn, Dileep N Lobo
Major biliary complications that require surgical intervention after hepaticojejunostomy are rare and technically challenging. While the hepaticojejunostomy can be refashioned in most patients requiring surgical reexploration after anastomotic dehiscence, a selected few may require a portoenterostomy, which involves anastomosis of the jejunum to a decapsulated area of the liver to establish a conduit from the intrahepatic bile ducts to the intestine. Herein, we describe the technique where a portoenterostomy has been used to restore bilioenteric continuity in three patients where reconstruction with a hepaticojejunostomy was not feasible...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176451/epidemiology-and-risk-factors-for-infection-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#3
Cybele Lara R Abad, Brian D Lahr, Raymund R Razonable
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of infections after living donor liver transplantation is limited. We aimed to study the epidemiology and risk factors of infections after living donor liver transplantation. METHODS: The medical records of 223 adult patients who underwent living donor liver transplantation from January 1, 2000 - August 31, 2015 were reviewed for all infections occurring up to 1 year. We estimated the cumulative incidence of infection using the Kaplan Meier product limit method...
February 8, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133933/the-possibility-of-radiotherapy-as-downstaging-to-living-donor-liver-transplantation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-portal-vein-tumor-thrombus
#4
J Y Choi, J I Yu, H C Park, C H D Kwon, J M Kim, J-W Joh, G S Choi, J B Park, S J Kim, S H Lee, W-T Cho, K W Lee, B-G Na, D K Oh, N R Lee, C W Cho, S Lee, S-K Lee
: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) are difficult to manage with very poor survival and due to universal recurrence after liver transplantation, they have been excluded from indication. Conformer radiation therapy (RT) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of HCC but only few trials have been reported as bridge to liver transplantation (LT) in HCC with PVTT. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the possibility of applying living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) following successful downstaging using RT in advanced HCC with PVTT...
January 30, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133233/-a-case-of-distal-bile-duct-cancer-occurring-38-years-after-cyst-to-duct-anastomosis-for-a-congenital-biliary-dilatation
#5
Yuichiro Okumura, Tadafumi Asaoka, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Yoshifumi Iwagami, Daisaku Yamada, Takehiro Noda, Hiroshi Wada, Koichi Kawamoto, Kunihito Goto, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
A 41-year-old woman had undergone cyst-to-duct anastomosis for a congenital biliary dilatation when she was 3-yearold. After 38 years, she presented with a high fever, and laboratory findings showed elevation of liver and biliary enzyme levels. A CT scan showed a mass lesion in a choledochal cyst, and an adenocarcinoma was found in the anastomosis of the choledochal cyst and duodenum. We diagnosed distal bile duct cancer and performed SSPPD after neoadjuvant chemotherapy( gemcitabine plus cisplatin plus S-1)...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128721/effect-of-right-posterior-bile-duct-anatomy-on-biliary-complications-in-patients-undergoing-right-lobe-living-donor-liver-transplant
#6
Tugan Tezcaner, Nadire Dinç, Feza Y Karakayalı, Mahir Kırnap, Mehmet Coşkun, Gökhan Moray, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to evaluate the influence of the localization of right posterior bile duct anatomy relative to portal vein of the donors on posttransplant bile duct complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 141 patients who had undergone living donor liver transplant using right hemiliver grafts. The patients were classified based on the pattern of the right posterior bile duct and divided into infraportal and supraportal types...
January 27, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078460/imbedding-pancreaticojejunostomy-used-in-pure-laparoscopic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-nondilated-pancreatic-duct
#7
Min Wang, Simiao Xu, Hang Zhang, Shuyou Peng, Feng Zhu, Renyi Qin
BACKGROUND: LPD has been cautiously regarded as feasible and safe for resection and reconstruction. However, anastomosis of the remnant pancreas is still thought to be a critical obstacle to the dissemination of LPD in general practice. This study presents a new technique of pancreaticojejunostomy for nondilated pancreatic duct and evaluates its safety and reliability. METHODS: From July 2014 to June 2015, a total of 52 patients underwent LPD with the new technique...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033284/endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-patients-with-surgically-altered-anatomy-one-single-center-s-experience
#8
Fei Wang, Boming Xu, Quanpeng Li, Xiuhua Zhang, Guobing Jiang, Xianxiu Ge, Junjie Nie, Xiuyun Zhang, Ping Wu, Jie Ji, Lin Miao
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with surgically altered anatomy is challenging. Results of ERCP in those patients varied.The aim of our study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of various endoscopes-assisted ERCP in patients with surgically altered anatomy.Fifty-two patients with Billroth II reconstruction (group A), 20 patients with subtotal or total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y anastomosis (group B), 25 patients with pancreatoduodenectomy or Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy reconstruction (group C) were included...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018098/therapeutic-approaches-for-portal-biliopathy-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Irene Franceschet, Alberto Zanetto, Alberto Ferrarese, Patrizia Burra, Marco Senzolo
Portal biliopathy (PB) is defined as the presence of biliary abnormalities in patients with non-cirrhotic/non-neoplastic extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) and portal cavernoma (PC). The pathogenesis of PB is due to ab extrinseco compression of bile ducts by PC and/or to ischemic damage secondary to an altered biliary vascularization in EHPVO and PC. Although asymptomatic biliary abnormalities can be frequently seen by magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in patients with PC (77%-100%), only a part of these (5%-38%) are symptomatic...
December 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932176/intrahepatic-artery-pseudoaneurysm-induced-hemobilia-caused-by-a-plastic-biliary-stent-after-abo-incompatible-living-donor-liver-transplantation-a-case-report
#10
J M Chun, H T Ha, Y Y Choi, Y J Hwang, J Heo, H K Ryeom, Y S Han
Bile leakage after duct-to-duct anastomosis in living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) can mostly be managed by therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Following this, various complications such as biliary infection, pancreatitis, perforation, and bleeding can occur, and endoscopic sphincterotomy is primarily associated with post- endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography bleeding; other causes have been published in case reports. In the present case, a plastic biliary stent used for treating liver abscesses and leakage at the bile duct anastomosis site after ABO-incompatible LDLT resulted in an intrahepatic artery pseudoaneurysm and hemobilia, which were managed by angiography and coil embolization...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932131/t-tube-systematic-use-in-the-biliary-anastomosis-comparison-of-two-consecutive-series-of-liver-transplantation
#11
C M García Bernardo, I González-Pinto Arrillaga, A Miyar de León, V Cadahia Rodrigo, L González Dieguez, L Barneo Serra, L Vázquez Velasco
OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to check the frequency of biliary complications with the use of a T-tube. In 2012, throughout the year, it was carried out systematically in all liver transplantations regardless of the characteristics of the bile duct. Despite the long experience, biliary complications remain a common cause of postoperative morbidity and mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study we compared complications in 23 consecutive transplantation cases using T-tube biliary anastomosis during the year 2012 with 23 consecutive transplantation cases without T-tube during the year 2013...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931575/bile-duct-anastomosis-supplied-with-biodegradable-stent-in-liver-transplantation-the-initial-experience
#12
L Janousek, S Maly, M Oliverius, M Kocik, M Kucera, J Fronek
BACKGROUND: The most common biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation are bile leaks, anastomotic and intrahepatic strictures, stones, and ampullary dysfunction. These complications can occur in up to 10% to 30% of liver transplant recipients. Leaks occur early in the posttransplant period; the stricture formation typically graduates over time. METHODS: Ten patients underwent transplantation in our preliminary study: 5 were randomized to the group with stent placement and 5 to the control group...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921193/an-isoperistaltic-jejunum-later-cut-overlap-method-for-esophagojejunostomy-anastomosis-after-totally-laparoscopic-total-gastrectomy-a-safe-and-feasible-technique
#13
Chang-Ming Huang, Ze-Ning Huang, Chao-Hui Zheng, Ping Li, Jian-Wei Xie, Jia-Bin Wang, Jian-Xian Lin, Jun Lu, Qi-Yue Chen, Long-Long Cao, Mi Lin, Ru-Hong Tu
BACKGROUND: Intracorporeal anastomosis after totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy (TLTG) has been increasingly applied. (1-7) We assessed the intracorporeal isoperistaltic jejunum-later-cut overlap method (IJOM) for esophagojejunostomy anastomosis (EA). METHODS: From January to June 2014, a total of 19 patients with resectable gastric cancer (cT1-T4aNOM0) underwent TLTG. IJOM was performed by creating side-to-side stapled anastomosis through enterotomies proximal to the left esophageal resection margin and on the antimesenteric jejunal border, 30 cm distal to the Trietz ligament...
December 5, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920862/percutaneous-transhepatic-holmium-laser-lithotripsy-of-a-large-common-bile-duct-stone
#14
Adam K Deal, Shashidhara Murthy, Shaun Wason, Harlan Vingan, Michael Fabrizio
A 58-year-old woman presented with a 4 cm obstructing choledocolith within the proximal common bile duct. She had an extensive operative history resulting in common bile duct to jejunum anastomosis after cholecystectomy. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) removal was unsuccessful, and surgical exploration was contraindicated due to multiple comorbidities. Interventional radiologist placement of bilateral transhepatic ureteral access sheaths allowed Urologist evaluation of the biliary tract by ureteroscope...
December 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909875/one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-why-biliary-reflux-remains-controversial
#15
Matthieu Bruzzi, Jean-Marc Chevallier, Sébastien Czernichow
One-anastomosis gastric bypass is an alternative to the "gold-standard" Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. This technique appears to be safe and efficient, but controversy remains regarding the long-term theoretical risk of subsequent biliary reflux and its possible complications, such as cancer. The aim of the present narrative review was to summarize some of the current thoughts on biliary reflux. Research has established that exposure to chronic bile reflux in humans and rats (outside the "bariatric surgery" box) induce esophageal intestinal metaplasia and esophageal adenocarcinoma...
February 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889422/symptomatic-pancreatic-duct-stones-in-the-disconnected-bile-duct-a-case-series
#16
Alexander R Ende, Shayan Irani, Richard A Kozarek
BACKGROUND: Pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM) refers to the union of the pancreatic and biliary ducts outside of the duodenal wall. Patients are at increased risk of bile duct and gallbladder cancer, likely secondary to pancreatic juice refluxing into the biliary tree, and it is recommended that they undergo biliary diversion. METHODS: This is a case series of all patients in our institution with PBM and bilioenteric anastomosis who presented with symptomatic pancreatic duct stones in a disconnected bile duct...
November 14, 2016: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862931/percutaneous-creation-of-biliary-enteric-neoanastomosis-for-anastomotic-biliary-occlusion-following-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#17
LETTER
Colin J McCarthy, Ashraf Thabet, Kei Yamada, Peter R Mueller, Parsia A Vagefi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862815/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-studies-of-biliary-reconstruction-in-adult-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#18
REVIEW
Kenneth S H Chok, Chung Mau Lo
BACKGROUND: The chance of biliary complication after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is considerable. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of biliary reconstruction method on post-LDLT biliary complications. Data sources are from PubMed and Web of Science. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted using the search term '[biliary complications] OR [biliary complication] OR [biliary stricture] OR [bile leak] AND [living donor liver transplantation]'...
November 11, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813504/todani-choledochal-cyst-type-ii-case-report-and-review
#19
Solange Marcela Farías Molina, Rafael Lisandro Castillo Machado, Natalia Carolina Sanhueza Palma, Jeannette Alejandra Calzadilla Riveras
: Choledochal cyst is a rare pathological condition, which represents 1% of benign diseases of the biliary tract. It is seen with significant frequency in childhood, with a higher prevalence in females, and a greater diagnostic incidence in Asia. Diagnosis is primarily based on clinical suspicion. Its symptoms are variable, and its treatment, depending on the type, is surgical. CASE REPORT: a male patient, 46 years old, with clinical symptoms of acute pancreatitis as a complication of a choledochal cyst Todani type II is diagnosed during his hospital stay with cholangial magnetic resonance...
October 20, 2016: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787368/living-donor-liver-transplantation-for-budd-chiari-syndrome-overcoming-a-troublesome-situation
#20
Cengiz Ara, Sami Akbulut, Volkan Ince, Serdar Karakas, Adil Baskiran, Sezai Yilmaz
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to report the detailed surgical techniques of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) in patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). METHODS: Demographic and surgical techniques characteristics of 39 patients with BCS who underwent LDLT were retrospectively reviewed. Thirty-two of them had native vena cava inferior (VCI) preservation and 6 had retrohepatic VCI resection with venous continuity established by cryopreserved VCI (n = 4) or aortic graft (n = 2)...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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