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A K Pandey, S P S Ghuman, G S Dhaliwal, M Honparkhe, J B Phogat, S Kumar
The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of preovulatory follicle (POF) size on estradiol concentrations, luteal profile (CL diameter and progesterone concentration) and subsequent pregnancy rate in Murrah buffalo cows. The buffalo cows (n = 49) were synchronized for estrus by two doses of PGF2α given 11 days apart. The buffalo cows were inseminated during standing estrus and again after 24 h. Ovaries were scanned at estrus and 24 h intervals until ovulation, thereafter on days 5, 12 and 16 post-ovulation to examine the POF and CL diameter...
November 4, 2017: Theriogenology
Zeinab Ghezelayagh, Mehdi Totonchi, Shabnam Zarei-Moradi, Ommolbanin Asadpour, Saman Maroufizadeh, Poopak Eftekhari-Yazdi, Hamid Gourabi, Anahita Mohseni-Meybodi
OBJECTIVES: Ovarian reserve is defined as the capacity of the ovary to provide fertile oocytes. Diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) is a disorder in which ovaries are prone to go through early menopause. Where this loss of function occurs before the age of 40, it results in the premature ovarian failure (POF) disease. Throughout folliculogenesis, the follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) starts a signaling cascade in the granulosa cells where its inactivation leads to the arrest of follicle maturation and therefore adversely affects ovarian reserve...
January 2018: Cell Journal
Mingfu Zhao, Lang Dai, Nianbing Zhong, Zhengkun Wang, Ming Chen, Bingxin Li, Binbin Luo, Bin Tang, Shenghui Shi, Tao Song, Xue Zou
In this study, a simple wet etching technique is developed by employing aqueous solutions of acetic acid and ultrasonic irradiation for the fabrication of a high-quality plastic optical fiber (POF) sensor. The effects of acetic acid concentration and temperature and ultrasonic power on the etching rate and surface morphology of the etched POFs are investigated. The transmission spectrum and sensitivity of the etched POF sensors are evaluated using glucose solutions. We discovered that the POF sensors, which are fabricated using an aqueous solution of acetic acid with a concentration of 80 vol...
November 1, 2017: Applied Optics
Brit M Quandt, Marisa S Pfister, Jörn F Lübben, Fabrizio Spano, René M Rossi, Gian-Luca Bona, Luciano F Boesel
Neonatal jaundice (hyperbilirubinaemia) is common in neonates and, often, intensive blue-light phototherapy is required to prevent long-term effects. A photonic textile can overcome three major incubator-related concerns: Insulation of the neonate, human contact, and usage restraints. This paper describes the development of a homogeneous luminous textile from polymer optical fibres to use as a wearable, long-term phototherapy device. The bend out-coupling of light from the POFs was related to the weave production, e...
October 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
G M Ishak, S T Bashir, M O Gastal, E L Gastal
Color Doppler ultrasonography was used to study the temporal relationships between pre-ovulatory follicle (POF) and corpus luteum (CL) diameter and blood flow, with systemic progesterone (P4) concentration during two transitional ovulatory seasons in mares. Variables of POF and CL/P4 were evaluated for 6days before and 17days after ovulation, respectively. Evaluations were performed during two consecutive estrous cycles in spring and fall seasons, and during the last estrous cycle of the season. There were significant correlations among POF and CL variables, and P4 concentration that ranged from 0...
September 8, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
Ingrid Freitas da Silva Pereira, Lára de Melo Barbosa Andrade, Maria Helena Constatino Spyrides, Clélia de Oliveira Lyra
The objective of this study was to evaluate the nutritional status of children under 5 years of age in Brazil in 2009 and its association with social and demographic factors. Data from the Household Budget Survey (Pesquisa de Orçamento Familiar - POF 2008-2009) were used, in which the nutritional profile was evaluated according to the weight-for-age (W/A), height-for-age (H/A) and weight-for-height (W/H) indices (n = 14,569). The association was estimated by applying the Pearson association test, a logistic regression and a correspondence analysis...
October 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Monica M França, Mariana F A Funari, Antonio M Lerario, Mirian Y Nishi, Carmem C Pita, Eveline G P Fontenele, Berenice B Mendonca
PURPOSE: Primary ovarian failure (POF) is characterized by amenorrhea, hypoestrogenism, and elevated gonadotropin levels in women leading to infertility under the age of 40 years. POF is a heterogeneous disease with different causes, and several genes have been associated with the POF phenotype. Thus, Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was performed in a consanguineous family with two sisters affected by POF. METHODS: All exons of both sisters were massively sequenced by WES, and the segregation was confirmed by Sanger sequencing...
October 24, 2017: Endocrine
Haifeng Ye, Tuochen Zheng, Wei Li, Xiaoyan Li, Xinxin Fu, Yaoqi Huang, Chuan Hu, Jia Li, Jian Huang, Zhengyv Liu, Liping Zheng, Yuehui Zheng
The fixed primordial follicles pool theory, which monopolized reproductive medicine for more than one hundred years, has been broken by the discovery, successful isolation and establishment of ovarian stem cells. It has brought more hope than ever of increasing the size of primordial follicle pool, improving ovarian function and delaying ovarian consenescence. Traditional view holds that stem cell aging contributes to the senility of body and organs. However, in the process of ovarian aging, the main factor leading to the decline of the reproductive function is the aging and degradation of ovarian stem cell nests, rather than the senescence of ovarian germ cells themselves...
October 20, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Tingting Gang, Manli Hu, Yongxin Hao, Ruixiang Zhou, Rongxin Tong, Xueguang Qiao, Qiangzhou Rong
An integrated ultrasonic detection system that consists of emission and detection has been proposed and demonstrated experimentally. The proposed emission source is based on plastic optical fiber (POF). In order to promote the coupling of ultrasound-to-POF, and the end of the POF is heated to form a circular pedestal. A homemade fiber Fabry-Perot interferometer is employed to evaluate the coupling efficiency of ultrasound-to-POF. The sensing head is spliced with a short section of hollow-core fiber and single-mode fiber, resulting in an air microbubble formation by discharging...
August 20, 2017: Applied Optics
JoAnne S Richards, Yi A Ren, Nicholes Candelaria, Jaye E Adams, Aleksandar Rajkovic
The major goal of this review is to summarize recent exciting findings that have been published within the past 10 years that, to our knowledge, have not been presented in detail in previous reviews and that may impact altered follicular development in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and premature ovarian failure (POF) in women. Specifically, we will cover 1) mouse models that have led to discovery of the derivation of two precursor populations of theca cells in the embryonic gonad, 2) the key roles of the oocyte-derived factor GDF9 on the hedgehog (HH) signaling pathway and theca cell functions and 3) the impact of the HH pathway on both the specification of theca endocrine cells and theca fibroblast and smooth muscle cells in developing follicles...
October 5, 2017: Endocrine Reviews
Wenchao Sun, Chang Liu, Ying Feng, Guangchao Zhuo, Wenjing Zhou, Xiaoyang Fei, Zhifen Zhang
BACKGROUND: Luteinizing hormone (LH) regulation of the ligand, natriuretic peptide precursor type C, and its receptor, natriuretic peptide receptor 2 (NPR2), is critical for oocyte maturation; however, the mechanism is not fully understood. Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) has recently been shown to be involved in oocyte maturation and ovulation. In the present study we determined whether or not M-CSF plays a role in the intermediate signal that mediates LH regulation of NPR2 in resumption of oocyte meiosis...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
Lisa M Pastore, Mindy S Christianson, James Stelling, William G Kearns, James H Segars
There are large variations in the number of oocytes within each woman, and biologically, the total quantity is at its maximum before the woman is born. Scientific knowledge is limited about factors controlling the oocyte pool and how to measure it. Within fertility clinics, there is no uniform agreement on the diagnostic criteria for each common measure of ovarian reserve in women, and thus, studies often conflict. While declining oocyte quantity/quality is a normal physiologic occurrence as women age, some women experience diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) much earlier than usual and become prematurely infertile...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Na Yin, Wei Zhao, Qianqian Luo, Wendan Yuan, Xiying Luan, Hongqin Zhang
Regulatory T (Treg) cells play a key role in the regulation of autoimmunity and transplantation. Human placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cell (hPMSC) transplantation has a potential to restore ovarian dysfunction associated with premature ovarian failure (POF), while the exact function of the Treg cells in the transplantation still needs to be further investigated. In this study, hPMSCs were intravenously injected into POF mice following zona pellucida glycoprotein 3 (pZP3) treatment. Ovarian function was measured by analyzing estrous cycle, folliculogenesis, and hormone secretion, also, with the detection of apoptotic granular cells (GCs) in ovarian tissues...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
Yasha Dwivedi, Michel P Laurent, Shravan Sarvepalli, Thomas M Schmid, Markus A Wimmer
It is well established that the total protein concentration and albumin-to-globulin ratio influence the wear of ultra-high molecular polyethylene (UHMWPE, "polyethylene") in joint prostheses. A factor on wear not yet studied, but of possible clinical relevance, is protein cleavage. Such cleavage is expected in the presence of an inflammatory response and as a result of wear processes at the articular interface. The aim of this study was to compare the tribological behavior of polyethylene articulated against an orthopedic wrought CoCrMo alloy for three lubricants: cleaved albumin, uncleaved albumin, and newborn calf serum (control)...
September 2017: Lubricants
Peiwei Chai, Fang Li, Jiayan Fan, Ruobin Jia, He Zhang, Xianqun Fan
Background: Blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES) is an autosomal dominant disease with a low incidence rate. Indel mutations in the forkhead box L2 (FOXL2) gene cause two types of BPES that are distinguished by the presence (type I) or absence (type II) of premature ovarian failure (POF). The purpose of this study was to identify a possible deletion in FOXL2 in Chinese families with BPES and to clarify its relationship with POF. Methods: An autosomal dominant Chinese BPES family with four generations was enrolled in this study...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
Blair Ashley, David A Spiegel, Patrick Cahill, Divya Talwar, Keith D Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Defining the appropriate threshold at which to initiate a fever workup is imperative to promote patient safety, appropriate resource utilization, and antibiotic stewardship. Our group performed a systematic review of the available literature on perioperative fever (POF) workups in orthopaedic patients to evaluate the frequency, timing and utility of blood cultures (BC) and other investigations in the POF workup, to determine the clinical relevance of any infections and to evaluate their cost effectiveness...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Pavol Stajanca, Katerina Krebber
Due to some of their unique properties, optical fiber dosimeters are attractive and extensively researched devices in several radiation-related areas. This work evaluates the performance and potential of commercial perfluorinated polymer optical fibers (PF-POFs) for radiation monitoring applications. Gamma radiation-induced attenuation (RIA) of two commercial PF-POFs is evaluated in the VIS spectral region. Influence of a dose rate and temperature on RIA measurement is investigated, along with defect stability and measurement repeatability...
August 25, 2017: Sensors
Md Asafuddoula, Hemant Kumar Singh, Tapabrata Ray
Multiobjective optimization problems with more than three objectives are commonly referred to as many-objective optimization problems (MaOPs). Development of algorithms to solve MaOPs has garnered significant research attention in recent years. ``Decomposition'' is a commonly adopted approach toward this aim, wherein the problem is divided into a set of simpler subproblems guided by a set of reference vectors. The reference vectors are often predefined and distributed uniformly in the objective space. Use of such uniform distribution of reference vectors has shown commendable performance on problems with ''regular'' Pareto optimal front (POF), i...
August 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
Linyan Zhou, Yanqiu Xie, Song Li, Yihua Liang, Qi Qiu, Haiyan Lin, Qingxue Zhang
BACKGROUND: Primordial follicular depletion has thought to be a common adverse effect of chemotherapy especially for female of reproductive age. The study aimed to evaluate the protective effect of rapamycin on the primordial follicles and its potential mechanism for patients receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: 8-week old BALB/c female mice were randomly assigned into four groups (control; rapamycin; cyclophosphamide; and rapamycin combined with cyclophosphamide). Hematoxylin staining, immunohistochemical, TUNEL, western blotting and ELISA were employed to assess inter-group differences using Student's t-test and Mann-Whitney test...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
Yushun Zhang, Feng Guo, Shoukang Li, Feiyang Wang, Zibo Meng, Jingyuan Zhao, Zhiqiang Liu, Bo Wang, Ping Fan, Chunyou Wang, Heshui Wu
High density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) has been reported as a significant indicator of systemic inflammation. The association underlying HDL-C and persistent organ failure (POF), pancreatic necrosis (PNec) and mortality in acute pancreatitis (AP) has not been evaluated. From 2007 to 2016, consecutive AP patients with admission lipid profiles assessment were included in this study. The association of HDL-C value and other lipids with outcomes was explored with Cox proportional regression models, which were adjusted for confounding factors...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
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