Read by QxMD icon Read

competing endogenous RNA

Yuan Ren, Nan Ji, Xixiong Kang, Renzhi Wang, Wenbin Ma, Zhenjun Hu, Xingfeng Liu, Yajie Wang
Glioblastoma is a highly vascularized brain tumor that causes high mortality. Kininogen-1 (KNG1) has demonstrated both tumor suppressor and antiangiogenesis properties in gliobastoma cells. We analyzed the microarray and proteomic profiles of tumor tissues from glioblastoma patients (N = 180), and identified potential RNA regulators of the KNG1. Validation experiments in U87 glioblastoma cells showed that the regulation of KNG1 by CTU1, KIAA1274, and RAX was mediated by miR-138. The siRNA-mediated knockdown of CTU1, KIAA1274, or RAX in U87 cells and immortalized human endothelial cells (iHECs) significantly reduced KNG1 expression (P < 0...
October 14, 2016: Oncotarget
Hao Li, Jizong Zhao, Wen Wang, Lu Zhang, Qing Lan, Jiangfei Wang, Yong Cao, Jizong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Intracranial aneurysm (IA) is a cerebrovascular disorder characterized by an abnormally bulged artery in the brain and subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by IA rupture with a high ratio of fatality and morbidity. However, the genetic etiology of IA remains largely unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A dysregulated lncRNA-associated competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network was constructed by utilizing sample-matched microRNA (miRNA), long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) and mRNA expression profiles in 12 saccular IA samples and paired control arteries...
October 14, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Jin-Hua He, Bao-Xia Li, Ze-Ping Han, Mao-Xian Zou, Li Wang, Yu-Bing Lv, Jia-Bin Zhou, Ming-Rong Cao, Yu-Guang Li, Jing-Zhi Zhang
Rapidly accumulated evidence has shown that long non-coding RNA (lncRNAs) disregulation is involved in human tumorigenesis in many cancers, including prostate cancer (PCa). LncRNAs can regulate essential pathways that contribute to tumor initiation and progression with tissue specificity, which suggests that lncRNAs could be valuable biomarkers and therapeutic targets. Prostate cancer antigen 3 (PCA3), also known as differential display code 3 (DD3), is one such lncRNA that maps to chromosome 9q21-22. PCA3 expression is highly specific to PCa...
October 14, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Shou-Hua Wang, Fei Ma, Zhao-Hui Tang, Xiao-Cai Wu, Qiang Cai, Ming-Di Zhang, Ming-Zhe Weng, Di Zhou, Jian-Dong Wang, Zhi-Wei Quan
BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) H19 has been reported to involve in many kinds of human cancers and functions as an oncogene. Our previous study found that H19 was over-expressed in gallbladder cancer (GBC) and was shown to promote tumor development in GBC. However, the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory network involving H19 in GBC progression has not been fully elucidated. We aim to detect the role of H19 as a ceRNA in GBC. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, the expression of H19 and miR-342-3p were analyzed in 35 GBC tissues and matched normal tissues by using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR)...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Lei Chang, Yufeng Yuan, Cuicui Li, Tao Guo, Haolong Qi, Yusha Xiao, Xu Dong, Zhisu Liu, Quanyan Liu
Emerging evidence suggests that small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) and their host genes (SNHGs) have malfunctioning roles in the development of human cancers. We globally investigated the molecular mechanisms by which snoRNA host gene 6 (SNHG6) promotes hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression using human tissues and cell lines. We found that SNHG6 is overexpressed in HCC tissues and in hepatoma cell lines and is closely associated with histologic grade, hepatitis B virus DNA, Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage and portal vein tumor thrombus in patients with HCC...
October 1, 2016: Cancer Letters
Davide S Sardina, Salvatore Alaimo, Alfredo Ferro, Alfredo Pulvirenti, Rosalba Giugno
Posttranscriptional cross talk and communication between genes mediated by microRNA response element (MREs) yield large regulatory competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks. Their inference may improve the understanding of pathologies and shed new light on biological mechanisms. A variety of RNA: messenger RNA, transcribed pseudogenes, noncoding RNA, circular RNA and proteins related to RNA-induced silencing complex complex interacting with RNA transfer and ribosomal RNA have been experimentally proved to be ceRNAs...
September 26, 2016: Briefings in Bioinformatics
Changjie Jiao, Zhiming Song, Jianming Chen, Jing Zhong, Weibin Cai, Suke Tian, Songlin Chen, Yunfeng Yi, Yun Xiao
Esophageal cancer (EC) is one of the most common gastrointestinal cancers, which leads to the sixth ranking of cancer-related death. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play pivotal roles in many biological processes. lncRNA human urothelial carcinoma associated 1 (UCA1) is significantly upregulated and functions as an important oncogene in many types of human cancers. However, the role of UCA1 in EC and its underlying mechanism remains unclear. In the present study, we demonstrated that UCA1 was significantly upregulated in EC tissues and associated with poor prognosis...
September 22, 2016: Oncology Reports
Chu-Hai Xie, Yan-Ming Cao, Yan Huang, Qun-Wei Shi, Jian-Hong Guo, Zi-Wen Fan, Ju-Gen Li, Bin-Wei Chen, Bo-Yi Wu
Recent studies have shown that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have critical roles in tumorigenesis, including osteosarcoma. The lncRNA taurine-upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) was reported to be involved in the progression of osteosarcoma. Here, we investigated the role of TUG1 in osteosarcoma cells and the underlying mechanism. TUG1 expression was measured in osteosarcoma cell lines and human normal osteoblast cells by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The effects of TUG1 on osteosarcoma cells were studied by RNA interference in vitro and in vivo...
September 22, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Geng Chen, Juan Yang, Jiwei Chen, Yunjie Song, Ruifang Cao, Tieliu Shi, Leming Shi
Bifunctional RNAs that possess both protein-coding and noncoding functional properties were less explored and poorly understood. Here we systematically explored the characteristics and functions of such human bifunctional RNAs by integrating tandem mass spectrometry and RNA-seq data. We first constructed a pipeline to identify and annotate bifunctional RNAs, leading to the characterization of 132 high-confidence bifunctional RNAs. Our analyses indicate that bifunctional RNAs may be involved in human embryonic development and can be functional in diverse tissues...
October 2016: Science China. Life Sciences
Xiaomin Liu, Lijing Hou, Weiwei Huang, Yuan Gao, Xin Lv, Jiyou Tang
OBJECTIVE: lncRNAs are recently thought to play a significant role in cellular homeostasis during pathological process of diseases by competing inhibiting miRNA function. The aim of present study was to assess the function of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) MEG3 and its functional interaction with microRNA-181b in cerebral ischemic infarct of mice and hypoxia-induced neurons apoptosis. METHODS: To address this question, we performed the experiments with in vivo middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) mice model and in vitro oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-cultured neuronal HT22 cell line...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Lionello Bossi, Nara Figueroa-Bossi
Many bacterial regulatory small RNAs (sRNAs) have several mRNA targets, which places them at the centre of regulatory networks that help bacteria to adapt to environmental changes. However, different mRNA targets of any given sRNA compete with each other for binding to the sRNA; thus, depending on relative abundances and sRNA affinity, competition for regulatory sRNAs can mediate cross-regulation between bacterial mRNAs. This 'target-centric' perspective of sRNA regulation is reminiscent of the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) hypothesis, which posits that competition for a limited pool of microRNAs (miRNAs) in higher eukaryotes mediates cross-regulation of mRNAs...
September 19, 2016: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
Ben Yue, Donglan Cai, Chenchen Liu, Changyi Fang, Dongwang Yan
Long noncoding RNAs act as crucial regulators in plenty of human cancers, yet their potential roles and molecular mechanisms in chemoresistance are poorly understood. This study showed that a novel lncRNA, long intergenic noncoding RNA 152 (Linc00152 ), promoted tumor progression and conferred resistance to oxaliplatin (L-OHP)-induced apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. It antagonized chemosensitivity through acting as a competing endogenous RNA to modulate the expression of miR-193a-3p, and then erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase 4 (ERBB4)...
October 18, 2016: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
Jing Lv, Hong-Xia Fan, Xiao-Pei Zhao, Ping Lv, Jing-Yi Fan, Yi Zhang, Min Liu, Hua Tang
HBV infection has been reported to be closely associated with HCC development; however, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Emerging evidence has indicated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important regulatory roles in the pathogenesis and progression of cancers. To investigate the important role and mechanism of lncRNAs in the progression of HBV-related HCC, we screened lncRNAs in HBV-positive and HBV-negative HCC tissues. We identified a novel lncRNA, lncRNA-Unigene56159, which is highly expressed in HBV-related HCC tissues, and further analysis showed that this lncRNA was induced by HBV in vitro...
September 3, 2016: Cancer Letters
Yunpeng Zhang, Yanjun Xu, Li Feng, Feng Li, Zeguo Sun, Tan Wu, Xinrui Shi, Jing Li, Xia Li
Recent studies indicate that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) can act as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) to indirectly regulate mRNAs through shared microRNAs, which represents a novel layer of RNA crosstalk and plays critical roles in the development of tumor. However, the global regulation landscape and characterization of these lncRNA related ceRNA crosstalk in cancers is still largely unknown. Here, we systematically characterized the lncRNA related ceRNA interactions across 12 major cancers and the normal physiological states by integrating multidimensional molecule profiles of more than 5000 samples...
August 26, 2016: Oncotarget
Wenkang Luan, Lubo Li, Yan Shi, Xuefeng Bu, Yun Xia, Jinlong Wang, Henry Siaw Djangmah, Xiaohui Liu, Yongping You, Bin Xu
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in tumorigenesis. Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1), an lncRNAs, is associated with the growth and metastasis of many human tumors, but its biological roles in malignant melanoma remain unclear. In this study, the aberrant up-regulation of MALAT1 was detected in melanoma. We determined that MALAT1 promotes melanoma cells proliferation, invasion and migration by sponging miR-22. MiR-22 was decreased and acted as a tumor suppressor in melanoma, and MMP14 and Snail were the functional targets of miR-22...
August 24, 2016: Oncotarget
Meng Zhang, Xiang Du
Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) have attracted much attention in cancer research field. They are involved in cellular development, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. The dysregulation of ncRNAs has been reported in tumor initiation, progression, invasion and metastasis in various cancers, including gastric cancer (GC). In the past few years, an accumulating body of evidence has deepened our understanding of ncRNAs, and several emerging ncRNAs have been identified, such as PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) and circular RNAs (circRNAs)...
August 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
C Cao, T Zhang, D Zhang, L Xie, X Zou, L Lei, D Wu, L Liu
The expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) is dysregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the functions and contributions of lncRNAs remain largely unknown. Here, we identified a critical role of SNHG6-003 in HCC. We found that five SNHG6 transcripts were differentially expressed in HCC tissues while only the SNHG6-003 had an oncogenic function. Ectopic expression of SNHG6-003 in HCC cells promoted cell proliferation and induced drug resistance, whereas SNHG6-003 knockdown promoted apoptosis...
August 15, 2016: Oncogene
Dianming Liu, Xuexin Yu, Shuyuan Wang, Enyu Dai, Leiming Jiang, Jing Wang, Qian Yang, Feng Yang, Shunheng Zhou, Wei Jiang
Prostate cancer (PC) is one of the most common solid tumors in men. However, the molecular mechanism of PC remains unclear. Numerous studies have demonstrated that long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) can act as microRNA (miRNA) sponge, one type of competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs), which offers a novel viewpoint to elucidate the mechanisms of PC. Here, we proposed an integrative systems biology approach to infer the gain and loss of ceRNAs in PC. First, we re-annotated exon microarray data to obtain lncRNA expression profiles of PC...
August 9, 2016: Oncotarget
Yang Zhou, Qing-Song Dai, Shi-Chang Zhu, Yue-Hua Han, Hai-Long Han, Bo Zhao, Rong-Rong Gao, Jun Zhang, Jing Zhang
MiR-592 has been identified as a neural-enriched microRNA, plays an important role in mNPCs differentiation, could induce astrogliogenesis differentiation arrest or/and enhance neurogenesis in vitro Previous studies showed that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) were involved in the neuronal development and activity. To investigate the role of miR-592 in neurogenesis, we described the expression profile of lncRNAs in miR-592 knockout mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) and the corresponding normal mESCs by microarray...
October 15, 2016: Biochemical Journal
Yi-Chia Lin, Ji-Fan Lin, Te-Fu Tsai, Kuang-Yu Chou, Hung-En Chen, Thomas I-Sheng Hwang
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is a leading cause of cancer-related death in men, which emphasizes the need for novel therapeutic approaches. Targeting microRNA (miRNA) has been considered as a therapeutic strategy against cancers. Human miR-204-5p potentially targeting BCL2 has been reported to be downregulated in various cancers. We hypothesized that miR-204-5p overexpression induces cancer cell apoptosis by repressing BCL2 expression. METHODS: A vector harboring mature miR-204-5p was constructed and delivered into human PCa cells...
August 9, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"