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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332007/impacts-of-canada-s-minimum-age-for-tobacco-sales-mats-laws-on-youth-smoking-behaviour-2000-2014
#1
Russell Clarence Callaghan, Marcos Sanches, Jodi Gatley, James K Cunningham, Michael Oliver Chaiton, Robert Schwartz, Susan Bondy, Claire Benny
BACKGROUND: Recently, the US Institute of Medicine has proposed that raising the minimum age for tobacco purchasing/sales to 21 years would likely lead to reductions in smoking behavior among young people. Surprisingly few studies, however, have assessed the potential impacts of minimum-age tobacco restrictions on youth smoking. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the impacts of Canadian minimum age for tobacco sales (MATS) laws on youth smoking behaviour. DESIGN: A regression-discontinuity design, using seven merged cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey, 2000-2014...
January 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331949/bibliometric-analysis-of-military-trauma-publications-2000-2016
#2
Mark L Vickers, C P Coorey, G J Milinovich, L Eriksson, M Assoum, M C Reade
INTRODUCTION: Bibliometric tools can be used to identify the authors, topics and research institutions that have made the greatest impact in a field of medicine. The aim of this research was to analyse military trauma publications over the last 16 years of armed conflict in order to highlight the most important lessons that have translated into civilian practice and military doctrine as well as identify emerging areas of importance. METHODS: A systematic search of research published between January 2000 and December 2016 was conducted using the Thompson Reuters Web of Science database...
January 13, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330221/minimal-measurable-residual-disease-in-aml-consensus-document-from-eln-mrd-working-party
#3
Gerrit J Schuurhuis, Michael Heuser, Sylvie Freeman, Marie-Christine Béné, Francesco Buccisano, Jacqueline Cloos, David Grimwade, Torsten Haferlach, Robert K Hills, Christopher S Hourigan, Jeffrey L Jorgensen, Wolfgang Kern, Francis Lacombe, Luca Maurillo, Claude Preudhomme, Bert A van der Reijden, Christian Thiede, Adriano Venditti, Paresh Vyas, Brent L Wood, Roland B Walter, Konstanze Döhner, Gail J Roboz, Gert J Ossenkoppele
Measurable residual disease (MRD, previously termed minimal residual disease) is an independent, post-diagnosis, prognostic indicator in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that is important for risk stratification and treatment planning, in conjunction with other well-established clinical, cytogenetic, and molecular data assessed at diagnosis. MRD can be evaluated using a variety of multi-parameter flow cytometry (MFC) and molecular protocols but, to date, these approaches have not been qualitatively or quantitatively standardized, making their use in clinical practice challenging...
January 12, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326013/a-cluster-of-multidrug-resistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-among-patients-arriving-in-europe-from-the-horn-of-africa-a-molecular-epidemiological-study
#4
Timothy M Walker, Matthias Merker, Astrid M Knoblauch, Peter Helbling, Otto D Schoch, Marieke J van der Werf, Katharina Kranzer, Lena Fiebig, Stefan Kröger, Walter Haas, Harald Hoffmann, Alexander Indra, Adrian Egli, Daniela M Cirillo, Jérôme Robert, Thomas R Rogers, Ramona Groenheit, Anne T Mengshoel, Vanessa Mathys, Marjo Haanperä, Dick van Soolingen, Stefan Niemann, Erik C Böttger, Peter M Keller
BACKGROUND: The risk of tuberculosis outbreaks among people fleeing hardship for refuge in Europe is heightened. We describe the cross-border European response to an outbreak of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis among patients from the Horn of Africa and Sudan. METHODS: On April 29 and May 30, 2016, the Swiss and German National Mycobacterial Reference Laboratories independently triggered an outbreak investigation after four patients were diagnosed with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis...
January 8, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325810/current-and-future-initiatives-for-radiation-oncology-at-the-national-cancer-institute-in-the-era-of-precision-medicine
#5
EDITORIAL
Charles A Kunos, C Norman Coleman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324603/pregnancy-associated-hypertension-and-offspring-cardiometabolic-health
#6
Madeline Murguia Rice, Mark B Landon, Michael W Varner, Brian M Casey, Uma M Reddy, Ronald J Wapner, Dwight J Rouse, Alan T N Tita, John M Thorp, Edward K Chien, George Saade, Alan M Peaceman, Sean C Blackwell
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether pregnancy-associated hypertension (gestational hypertension and preeclampsia) was associated with the cardiometabolic health of young offspring. METHODS: This was a prospective observational follow-up study from 2012 to 2013 of children born to women previously enrolled in a mild gestational diabetes mellitus treatment trial or nongestational diabetes mellitus observational study. At 5-10 years after birth, children were examined and fasting blood samples obtained to determine the following cardiometabolic risk factors: blood pressure (BP), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, waist circumference, and body mass index (BMI)...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324559/nurse-experiences-of-medication-administration-to-people-with-swallowing-difficulties-living-in-aged-care-facilities-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#7
Aida Sefidani Forough, Simon Y M Wong, Esther T L Lau, Jose Manuel Serrano Santos, Greg J Kyle, Kathryn J Steadman, Julie A Y Cichero, Lisa M Nissen
OBJECTIVE: To identify nurses' experiences of administering oral medications to residents of aged care facilities (ACFs) with swallowing difficulties. INTRODUCTION: Administering medicines to older people with swallowing difficulties is a challenging task. Nurses frequently modify oral medications e.g. by crushing/splitting tablets or opening capsules, to facilitate the administration process. These practices are associated with an increased risk of medication administration errors...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324048/peer-observation-of-rounds-leads-to-collegial-discussion-of-teaching
#8
J Rush Pierce, Patrick Rendón, Deepti Rao
PROBLEM: Faculty in the Division of Hospital Medicine provide most of the clinical teaching for learners at our institution. The majority of these faculty are Assistant Professors with limited formal instruction in clinical teaching. Previous Divisional strategies to improve clinical teaching ability included discussion of effective teaching behaviors, developing written expectations for teaching faculty, and instituting seminars on effective clinical teaching. Heretofore, the Division had not utilized a direct observation exercise...
January 11, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323668/professional-responsibilities-regarding-the-provision-publication-and-dissemination-of-patient-phenotypes-in-the-context-of-clinical-genetic-and-genomic-testing-points-to-consider-a-statement-of-the-american-college-of-medical-genetics-and-genomics-acmg
#9
Lynn W Bush, Anita E Beck, Leslie G Biesecker, James P Evans, Ada Hamosh, Ingrid A Holm, Christa L Martin, C Sue Richards, Heidi L Rehm
Disclaimer: This Points to Consider document is designed as an educational resource to provide best practices for medical genetic clinicians, laboratories, and journals regarding the provision, publication, and dissemination of patient phenotypes in the context of genomic testing, clinical genetic practice, and research. While the goal of the document is the improvement of patient care, the considerations and practices described should not be considered inclusive of all proper considerations and practices or exclusive of others that are reasonably directed to obtaining the same goal...
January 11, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323623/bladder-management-practices-in-spinal-cord-injury-patients-a-single-center-experience-from-a-developing-country
#10
Sahibzada Nasir Mansoor, Farooq Azam Rathore
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Inadequate bladder management in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients results in significant morbidity and even mortality. Clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) is the recommended option for SCI patients. The objective of the study was to document the bladder management practices of SCI patients in a developing country. DESIGN: Questionnaire based cross sectional survey Setting: Armed Forces Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Rawalpindi, Pakistan Participants: All patients with SCI (irrespective of duration, level and etiology) Interventions: Data documentation included demographics, level, severity and time since injury, bladder management techniques used, details of CIC, results of Urodynamic studies (if available), complications resulting from bladder management technique and patient awareness of the yearly follow up...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323555/practical-suggestions-on-how-to-move-from-peer-review-to-peer-learning
#11
Lane F Donnelly, David B Larson, Richard E Heller Iii, Jonathan B Kruskal
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to outline practical steps that a department can take to transition to a peer learning model. CONCLUSION: The 2015 Institute of Medicine report on improving diagnosis emphasized that organizations and industries that embrace error as an opportunity to learn tend to outperform those that do not. To meet this charge, radiology must transition from a peer review to a peer learning approach.
January 11, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322848/inpatient-satisfaction-at-different-public-sector-hospitals-of-a-metropolitan-city-in-pakistan-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#12
Mehwish Hussain, Rehana Rehman, Zia Ikramuddin, Nava Asad, Ayesha Farooq
OBJECTIVE: To observe inpatient satisfaction at different public sector hospitals of Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: A cross sectional study was carried out during 2010-2012 in four major public sector hospitals of Karachi. A total of 710 patients completed the study. Responses were gathered in a self-structured questionnaire that comprised of four dimensions of satisfaction with doctor, staff, administration and treatment. Average Score of each dimension was taken and compared using one way analysis of variance...
January 11, 2018: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322713/communication-adaptations-for-a-diverse-international-patient-population
#13
Aditya Ghosh, Shashank Joshi, Amit K Ghosh
We live in an age of hyper connectivity, people from around the world are looking outside their own national borders to receive medical care. As more people are learning about the quality that the elite Indian hospitals provide at a competitive, and often more affordable, price compared to other institutions around the world, they are becoming increasingly interested in receiving their medical care in Indian hospitals. It is for this exact reason that it is very important to learn the importance of communicating effectively with people from a diverse background...
November 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321014/current-status-of-nylon-teeth-myth-in-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Emeria Abella Mugonzibwa, Febronia Kokulengya Kahabuka, Samwel Charles Mwalutambi, Emil Namakuka Kikwilu
BACKGROUND: Nylon teeth myth is a belief of associating infant illnesses with bulges on infants' alveolus that mark the positions of underlying developing teeth and that it is necessary to treat the condition mainly by traditional healers to prevent infant death. The traditional treatment often leads to serious complications that may lead to infant death. Although the government instituted educational campaigns against the myth in 1980s to 1990s, to date, repeated unpublished reports from different parts of the country indicate continued existence of the myth...
January 10, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320790/-learning-in-protected-environment-implementation-in-continuing-medical-education
#15
Lion Sieg, Lars Friedrich, Hendrik Eismann
Actual concepts in continuing medical education in acute or emergency medicine contain skill training as well as simulation training. Methods and mechanisms to reduce crisis, like human factor training, shared mental models or closed-loop communication are incorporated. It is unknown which training method is optimal for individual departments in hospitals or for the individual level of education of the healthcare provider. A concept we provide is the so called "learning in protected environment": this environment protects the course participants and our patients from negative consequences of a conventional hands-on training...
January 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319647/transition-to-critical-care-practice-within-an-academic-service-partnership-a-case-report-of-the-first-3-years-of-clinical-immersion-in-trauma-burn-and-neuroscience-critical-care
#16
Esther Bay, Andrea Sherzer, Emily Darnbrook
In response to regulators of nursing education and the Institute of Medicine, an academic-service partnership was formed between a research-intensive school of nursing and a tertiary health care facility. In that partnership, clinical experiences occurred mostly within 1 organization. This case report showcases the development, implementation, and revisions within our capstone immersion course, designed to ease the new graduates' transition into practice, including transitions to critical care nursing. Herein, we highlight our successes and challenges of implementing the clinical component within 2 critical care units focused on trauma and neurosurgical care of complex patients...
January 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319394/achieving-appropriate-gestational-weight-gain-the-role-of-healthcare-provider-advice
#17
Nicholas P Deputy, Andrea J Sharma, Shin Y Kim, Christine K Olson
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) revised gestational weight gain recommendations in 2009. We examined associations between healthcare provider advice about gestational weight gain and inadequate or excessive weight gain, stratified by prepregnancy body mass index category. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from women delivering full-term (37-42 weeks of gestation), singleton infants from four states that participated in the 2010-2011 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (unweighted n = 7125)...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319376/the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-ptsd
#18
Lauren M Oppizzi, Reba Umberger
Although physical activity (PA) is known to reduce anxiety and depression, less is known about the effects of PA on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The author examined the state of the science regarding the effect of PA on PTSD. Three themes emerged: PA characteristics, added benefits of PA as a PTSD intervention, and theories on the method of action. Physical activity seems to be an effective adjunct therapy to reduce PTSD symptom severity. Findings are inconsistent between observational and controlled studies...
January 10, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319242/clinical-diversity-of-cns-cryptococcosis
#19
J M Koshy, S Mohan, D Deodhar, M John, A Oberoi, A Pannu
Background: Though cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is recognized as a disease of the immunocompromised, studies have implicated that it also affect immunocompetent patients. Methodology: This was a cross sectional study conducted in the Department of Medicine of a tertiary teaching institution in North India. All the patients diagnosed with CM on the basis of detection of cryptococcal antigen or the presence of capsulated budding yeast cells on India ink preparation, from April 2009 to March2015 were included in the study...
October 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318366/-surgical-innovations-in-treatment-of-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-complexity-of-metastatic-surgery-as-example-for-personalized-medicine
#20
REVIEW
C Hackl, S M Brunner, K M Schmidt, H J Schlitt
BACKGROUND: Extensive, bilobular and multifocal colorectal liver metastases (CLM) or metastases that are critically situated require an experienced surgeon and advanced surgical techniques to enable curative resection. OBJECTIVE: This article describes the toolbox of hepato-oncologic surgery including functional augmentation of liver segments by portal vein embolization/ligation, combinations of ablation and resection, two-stage resections and in situ split liver resection, also known as associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS)...
January 9, 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
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