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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161064/meeting-the-institute-of-medicine-s-2030-life-expectancy-target
#1
David Kindig, Jenna Nobles, Moheb Zidan
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the improvement in US life expectancy required to reach parity with high-resource nations by 2030, to document historical precedent of this rate, and to discuss the plausibility of achieving this rate in the United States. METHODS: We performed a demographic analysis of secondary data in 5-year periods from 1985 to 2015. RESULTS: To achieve the United Nations projected mortality estimates for Western Europe in 2030, the US life expectancy must grow at 0...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160923/pregnancy-weight-gain-by-gestational-age-and-stillbirth-a-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Kari Johansson, Jennifer A Hutcheon, Lisa M Bodnar, Sven Cnattingius, Olof Stephansson
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between total and early pregnancy (<22 completed weeks) weight gain and risk of stillbirth, stratified by early-pregnancy body mass index (BMI). DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Stockholm-Gotland Region, Sweden. POPULATION: Pregnant women with singleton births (n=160,560). METHODS: Pregnancy weight gain was standardized into gestational age-specific z-scores...
November 21, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160497/clinical-indicators-for-nursing-diagnosis-ineffective-protection-in-adolescents-with-cancer
#3
Marília Mendes Nunes, Tânia Alteniza Leandro, Marcos Venícios de Oliveira Lopes, Viviane Martins da Silva
OBJECTIVE: To investigate scientific evidence related to the term protection and clinical indicators and etiologic factors for nursing diagnosis Ineffective protection in adolescents with cancer. METHOD: Integrative literature review in the databases of Scopus, Web of Science, National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health (PubMed) and Cochrane; by intersection of the descriptors protection and childhood cancer, which resulted in seven articles. These were insufficient for a comprehension of the term protection and aspects related to its impairment, therefore it was necessary to include a further three reference books...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158037/quantitative-imaging-dosimetry-and-metrology-where-do-national-metrology-institutes-fit-in
#4
A J Fenwick, J L Wevrett, K M Ferreira, A M Denis-Bacelar, A P Robinson
In External Beam Radiotherapy, National Metrology Institutes (NMIs) play a critical role in the delivery of accurate absorbed doses to patients undergoing treatment. In contrast for nuclear medicine the role of the NMI is less clear and although significant work has been done in order to establish links for activity measurement, the calculation of administered absorbed doses is not traceable in the same manner as EBRT. Over recent decades the use of novel radiolabelled pharmaceuticals has increased dramatically...
November 11, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157573/thirteen-years-and-counting-outcomes-of-a-concurrent-asn-bsn-enrollment-program
#5
REVIEW
Stephen Heglund, Jessica Simmons, Diane Wink, Jean D'Meza Leuner
In their 2011 report, The Future of Nursing, the Institute of Medicine called for 80% of the nursing workforce to be comprised of baccalaureate prepared Registered Nurses by the year 2020. One suggested approach to achieve this goal is the creation of programs that allow students to progress through associate and baccalaureate nursing preparation simultaneously. This paper describes the University of Central Florida's 13-year experience after implementing a Concurrent Enrollment Program. Development and structure of the program, advisement and curriculum details, facilitators and barriers are described...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157474/private-and-institutionalised-patients-use-of-homeopathy-in-the-early-nineteenth-century
#6
Silvia Waisse
Medicine underwent a major crisis in the 18th century and several approaches, including homeopathy, were formulated to fill the void left by the fall of traditional Galenic medicine. While most of the literature deals with the reasons doctors had to shift to homeopathy, the patients' views became the focus of increasing scholarly attention along the past 20 years. In this article I present and discuss the current knowledge about the socio-demographic characteristics and medical complaints of patients who sought homeopathic care in the early 19th century in both private and institutional settings...
November 2017: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157273/effect-of-daikenchuto-tj-100-on-gastrointestinal-symptoms-following-laparoscopic-colectomy-in-patients-with-colon-cancer-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Nobuaki Hoshino, Kenji Kawada, Koya Hida, Toshiaki Wada, Ryo Takahashi, Mami Yoshitomi, Yoshiharu Sakai
BACKGROUND: Postoperative paralytic ileus can be a difficult complication for both surgeons and patients. Causes and treatments have been discussed for more than two centuries, but have not yet been fully resolved. Daikenchuto (TJ-100, DKT) is a traditional Japanese herbal medicine. Recently, some beneficial mechanisms of DKT to relieve paralytic ileus have been reported. DKT can suppress inflammation, increase intestinal blood flow, and accelerate bowel movements. Therefore, we have designed a randomized controlled trial to investigate the effects of DKT on postoperative gastrointestinal symptoms following laparoscopic colectomy in patients with left-sided colon cancer at a single institution...
November 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156868/a-nationwide-evaluation-of-off-label-drug-utilization-in-turkey
#8
Emine Nur Özdamar, Ahmet Akıcı, Ali Alkan, Banu Bayar, Hakkı Gürsöz
Background/aim: Off-label drug use (OLDU) is under the control of the Turkish Medicines and Medical Devices Agency (TMMDA) in Turkey. It was aimed to investigate demographic and medical features of patients with OLDU applications in Turkey. Materials and methods: A total of 4426 electronic OLDU application records of the TMMDA were evaluated retrospectively. Information regarding patients? demographic characteristics, diagnoses, requested drugs, institutions, and specialties of the physicians were evaluated...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155504/cervical-funneling-or-intra-amniotic-debris-and-preterm-birth-among-nulliparous-women-with-a-midtrimester-cervical-length-less-than-30-mm
#9
George R Saade, Elizabeth A Thom, William A Grobman, Jay D Iams, Brian M Mercer, Uma M Reddy, Alan T N Tita, Dwight J Rouse, Yoram Sorokin, Ronald J Wapner, Kenneth J Leveno, Sean C Blackwell, M Sean Esplin, Jorge E Tolosa, John M Thorp, Steve N Caritis, J Peter VanDorsten
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the presence of cervical funneling or intra-amniotic debris identified in the second trimester is associated with higher rates of preterm birth (PTB) in asymptomatic nulliparous women with a midtrimester cervical length (CL) less than 30 mm (i.e., less than the 10(th) percentile). METHODS: A secondary cohort analysis of a multicenter trial of women between 16 and 22 weeks with a singleton gestation and a CL less than 30 mm by transvaginal ultrasound randomized to either 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate or placebo...
November 20, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154062/survey-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-pediatric-inpatient-settings
#10
Sam Stubblefield
OBJECTIVES: While use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is common in children, we know little about its use for hospitalized children. This survey measured the rate of CAM use, specific modalities used, and policies related to CAM use for hospitalized children. DESIGN: Anonymous survey of hospitals in the Pediatric Research in Inpatient Settings (PRĪS) network SETTING: Hospitals in the PRĪS network. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Rate of overall and specific CAM modality use, including whether these modalities are provided, permitted, or prohibited, and presence of a written policy on CAM use...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154055/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-among-elderly-patients-living-with-chronic-diseases-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-ethiopia
#11
Asnakew Achaw Ayele, Henok Getachew Tegegn, Kaleab Taye Haile, Sewunet Admasu Belachew, Amanual Getnet Mersha, Daniel Asfaw Erku
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among patients with chronic diseases has grown rapidly worldwide. Yet, little has been known about CAM use by elderly patients with chronic diseases in Ethiopia. This study aimed at assessing the prevalence and reasons for CAM utilization among elderly patients living with chronic diseases in Ethiopia. METHODS: An institution-based quantitative cross-sectional survey was conducted among elderly patients with chronic disease attending outpatient ambulatory clinics of University of Gondar referral and teaching hospital (UoGRTH)...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153633/opioids-consumed-in-the-immediate-post-operative-period-does-not-influence-how-patients-rate-their-experience-of-care-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#12
Jennifer I Etcheson, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Nicole E George, Sana Virani, Michael A Mont, Ronald E Delanois
BACKGROUND: Patient perception of care, commonly measured with Press Ganey (PG) surveys, is an important metric used to determine hospital and provider reimbursement. However, post-operative pain following total hip arthroplasty (THA) may negatively affect patient satisfaction. As a result, over-administration of opioids may occur, even without marked evidence of pain. Therefore, this study evaluated whether opioid consumption in the immediate postoperative period bears any influence on satisfaction scores after THA...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152156/revisiting-the-linkage-between-ethnomedical-use-and-development-of-new-medicines-a-novel-plant-collection-strategy-towards-the-discovery-of-anticancer-agents
#13
Joshua M Henkin, Kongmany Sydara, Mouachanh Xayvue, Onevilay Souliya, A Douglas Kinghorn, Joanna E Burdette, Wei-Lun Chen, Bethany G Elkington, Djaja D Soejarto
The Vietnam-Laos International Cooperative Biodiversity Group (ICBG) based at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) catalyzed a country-wide network of medicinal plant preserves (MPP) and medicinal biodiversity preserves (MBP) now established in ten provinces of the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), which are relied upon as protected sources of ethnomedicines for local villagers and traditional healers. In collaboration with the Lao PDR's Institute of Traditional Medicine (ITM), our ongoing P01 Program Project (Ohio State University) examined the anticancer bioprospecting potential for two of the most exhaustively inventoried of these sites: the Bolikhamxay MPP and the Xiengkhouang MBP...
October 2017: Journal of medicinal plant research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151988/lumbar-spinal-angiolipoma-with-expanding-left-neural-foramen-mimicking-lumbar-schwannoma-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Yener Akyuva, Aylin Gonultas, Numan Karaaslan, Zehra Gulciftci Dagci, Semih Saglik, Mehmet Isyar, Mahir Mahirogullari
Aim: To describe a patient with lumbar angiolipoma mimicking schwannoma in the posterolateral side of the spinal canal with expansion of the left lumbar foramen and to discuss the clinical, radiologic, and surgical features of these lesions with literature. Methods: Without language restriction in this paper, the electronic databases; The Cochrane Collaboration the Cochrane, The Cochrane Library (Issue 2 of 12, Feb. 2011), ProQuest, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NLM) and PubMed dating from 1966 September to January Week 2 2017, were searched for comparative experimental studies using the terms: "OR", "AND"...
2017: Open Neurology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151820/name-it-store-it-protect-it-a-systems-approach-to-managing-data-in-research-core-facilities
#15
REVIEW
Matthew DeVries, Michael Fenchel, R E Fogarty, Byong-Do Kim, Daniel Timmons, A Nicole White
As the capabilities of technology increase, so do the production of data and the need for data management. The need for data storage at many academic institutions is increasing exponentially. Technology is expanding rapidly, and institutions are recognizing the need to incorporate data management that can be available for future data sharing as a critical component of institutional services. The establishment of a process to manage the surge in data storage is complex and often hindered by not having a plan...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Techniques: JBT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150897/determining-best-outcomes-from-community-acquired-pneumonia-and-how-to-achieve-them
#16
REVIEW
Jane Hadfield, Lesley Bennett
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common acute medical illness with a standard, effective treatment that was introduced before the evidenced-based medicine era. Mortality rates have improved in recent decades but improvements have been minimal when compared to other conditions such as acute coronary syndromes. The standardized approach to treatment makes CAP a target for comparative performance and outcome measures. While easy to collect, simplistic outcomes such as mortality, readmission and length of stay are difficult to interpret as they can be affected by subjective choices and health care resources...
November 17, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149839/vitamin-d-parathyroid-hormone-and-metabolic-syndrome-the-pormets-study
#17
Luís Raposo, Sandra Martins, Daniela Ferreira, João Tiago Guimarães, Ana Cristina Santos
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D (VitD) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) play important roles in calcium metabolism and skeletal homeostasis. Estimates of the VitD status in several European countries show large variations between them. In addition, no national population-based estimate has been published. VitD and PTH may also play important roles in cardiovascular risk, which has been suggested to be associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and is very prevalent in Portugal. The goal of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D and its determinants as well as PTH serum level determinants and associations of the 25-hydroxyvitamin D and PTH serum levels with MetS and its individual components in a sample of the Portuguese mainland population...
November 17, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149222/personalized-medicine-and-hispanic-health-improving-health-outcomes-and-reducing-health-disparities-a-national-heart-lung-and-blood-institute-workshop-report
#18
M Larissa Avilés-Santa, John Heintzman, Nangel M Lindberg, Rafael Guerrero-Preston, Kenneth Ramos, Ana L Abraído-Lanza, Jonca Bull, Adolph Falcón, Mary Ann McBurnie, Ernest Moy, George Papanicolaou, Ileana L Piña, Jennifer Popovic, Shakira F Suglia, Miguel A Vázquez
Persons of Hispanic/Latino descent may represent different ancestries, ethnic and cultural groups and countries of birth. In the U.S., the Hispanic/Latino population is projected to constitute 29% of the population by 2060. A personalized approach focusing on individual variability in genetics, environment, lifestyle and socioeconomic determinants of health may advance the understanding of some of the major factors contributing to the health disparities experienced by Hispanics/Latinos and other groups in the U...
2017: BMC Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145786/cephalexin-susceptibility-breakpoint-for-veterinary-isolates-clinical-laboratory-standards-institute-revision
#19
Mark G Papich, Cindy Lindeman
The Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) uses cephalothin as the class representative for testing veterinary isolates for susceptibility to other first-generation cephalosporins, including cephalexin. We examined replacing cephalothin with cephalexin because cephalexin is used more often clinically. Bacterial isolates were obtained from dogs and cats from a national surveillance program. CLSI testing methods were used to determine the MIC for 4 cephalosporins used in veterinary medicine. Cephalexin clinical breakpoints for canine isolates were established by using published pharmacokinetic data and Monte Carlo simulations to calculate the probability of target attainment (PTA)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145783/ntp-niehs-global-contributions-to-toxicologic-pathology
#20
Robert Sills, Amy Brix, Mark Cesta, Sheba R Churchill, Michelle C Cora, Darlene Dixon, Michael Dykstra, Gordon Flake, Ron Herbert, Ramesh Kovi, Kyathanahalli Janardhan, Angela King-Herbert, David Malarkey, Arun Pandiri, Greg Travlos, Cynthia Willson, Susan A Elmore
National Toxicology Program (NTP) pathologists are engaged in important initiatives that have significant global impact. These initiatives build on its leadership in pathology peer review and publications in the areas of toxicologic pathology, clinical pathology, and laboratory animal medicine. Over the past decade, NTP/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences research initiatives have focused on cancer and noncancer hazard identification, with the goal of understanding cellular and molecular mechanisms of disease...
January 1, 2017: Toxicologic Pathology
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