keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Institute of Medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351069/transition-to-independence-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-mentored-career-development-kl2-scholars-at-clinical-and-translational-science-award-institutions
#1
Carol Sweeney, Lisa S Schwartz, Robert Toto, Carol Merchant, Alecia S Fair, Janice L Gabrilove
PURPOSE: To describe the transition from mentored to independent research funding for clinical and translational scholars supported by institutional KL2 Mentored Career Development programs. METHOD: In 2013, faculty leaders at Clinical and Translational Science Award institutions completed an online survey, reporting characteristics of scholars in their KL2 programs from 2006 to 2013. The primary outcome variable was a report that the scholar had received independent funding as a principal investigator...
April 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351064/the-early-tech-development-course-experiential-commercialization-education-for-the-medical-academician
#2
Jonathan Servoss, Connie Chang, Jonathan Fay, Kevin Ward
PROBLEM: Research produced by medical academicians holds promise for developing into biomedical innovations in therapeutics, devices, diagnostics, and health care information technology; however, the road to biomedical innovation is fraught with risk, including the challenge of moving from basic research insight onto a viable commercialization path. Compounding this challenge is the growing demand on medical academicians to be more productive in their clinical, teaching, and research duties within a resource-constrained environment...
April 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350836/perceived-psychosocial-stress-and-gestational-weight-gain-among-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#3
Ai Kubo, Assiamira Ferrara, Susan D Brown, Samantha F Ehrlich, Ai-Lin Tsai, Charles P Quesenberry, Yvonne Crites, Monique M Hedderson
Growing evidence links perceived stress-a potentially modifiable psychosocial risk factor-with health behaviors and obesity. Yet little is known about the relationship between stress during pregnancy and gestational weight gain, particularly among women with pregnancy complications. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis to examine associations between psychosocial stress during pregnancy and gestational weight gain among women with gestational diabetes. We used baseline data from the Gestational Diabetes's Effects on Moms (GEM) study: 1,353 women with gestational diabetes who delivered a term singleton within Kaiser Permanente Northern California were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346626/preparing-residents-for-teaching-careers-the-faculty-for-tomorrow-resident-workshop
#4
Steven Lin, Paul Gordon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Progress toward growing the primary care workforce is at risk of being derailed by an emerging crisis: a critical shortage of family medicine faculty. In response to the faculty shortage, the Society of Teachers of Family Medicine (STFM) launched a 2-year initiative called "Faculty for Tomorrow" (F4T). The F4T Task Force created a workshop designed to increase residents' interest in, and prepare them for, careers in academic family medicine. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of this workshop...
March 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346622/future-of-family-medicine-faculty-development-in-sub-saharan-africa
#5
Paul R Larson, Patrick Chege, Bruce Dahlman, Christine Gibson, Ann Evensen, Maria C Colon-Gonzalez, Stephanie Onguka, Roberta Lamptey, William E Cayley, Bich-May Nguyen, Brian Johnson, Sawra Getnet, Memoona Hasnain
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: High-quality family medicine education is needed in sub-Saharan Africa to facilitate the future growth of primary care health systems. Current faculty educators recognize the value of dedicated teacher training and ongoing faculty development. However, they are constrained by inadequate faculty development program availability and institutional support. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used to conduct a qualitative needs assessment comprised of 37 in-depth, semi-structured interviews of individual faculty trainers from postgraduate family medicine training programs in eight sub-Saharan African countries...
March 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346621/current-status-of-family-medicine-faculty-development-in-sub-saharan-africa
#6
Paul R Larson, Patrick Chege, Bruce Dahlman, Christine Gibson, Ann Evensen, Maria C Colon-Gonzalez, Stephanie Onguka, Roberta Lamptey, William E Cayley, Bich-May Nguyen, Brian Johnson, Sawra Getnet, Memoona Hasnain
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Reducing the shortage of primary care physicians in sub-Saharan Africa requires expansion of training programs in family medicine. Challenges remain in preparing, recruiting, and retaining faculty qualified to teach in these pioneering programs. Little is known about the unique faculty development needs of family medicine faculty within the sub-Saharan African context. The purpose of this study was to assess the current status and future needs for developing robust family medicine faculty in sub-Saharan Africa...
March 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346353/intake-and-dietary-food-sources-of-fibre-in-spain-differences-with-regard-to-the-prevalence-of-excess-body-weight-and-abdominal-obesity-in-adults-of-the-anibes-study
#7
Liliana G González-Rodríguez, José Miguel Perea Sánchez, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Rosa M Ortega
The aim was to study the intake and food sources of fibre in a representative sample of Spanish adults and to analyse its association with excess body weight and abdominal obesity. A sample of 1655 adults (18-64 years) from the ANIBES ("Anthropometric data, macronutrients and micronutrients intake, practice of physical activity, socioeconomic data and lifestyles") cross-sectional study was analysed. Fibre intake and dietary food sources were determined by using a three-day dietary record. Misreporters were identified using the protocol of the European Food Safety Authority...
March 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346087/pubchem-bioassay
#8
Yanli Wang, Tiejun Cheng, Stephen H Bryant
High-throughput screening (HTS) is now routinely conducted for drug discovery by both pharmaceutical companies and screening centers at academic institutions and universities. Rapid advance in assay development, robot automation, and computer technology has led to the generation of terabytes of data in screening laboratories. Despite the technology development toward HTS productivity, fewer efforts were devoted to HTS data integration and sharing. As a result, the huge amount of HTS data was rarely made available to the public...
January 1, 2017: SLAS Discov
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346068/institutional-profile-university-of-florida-health-personalized-medicine-program
#9
Larisa H Cavallari, Kristin W Weitzel, Amanda R Elsey, Xinyue Liu, Scott A Mosley, Donald M Smith, Benjamin J Staley, Almut G Winterstein, Carol A Mathews, Francesco Franchi, Fabiana Rollini, Dominick J Angiolillo, Petr Starostik, Michael J Clare-Salzler, David R Nelson, Julie A Johnson
The University of Florida (UF) Health Personalized Medicine Program launched in 2012 with CYP2C19 genotyping for clopidogrel response at UF Health Shands Hospital. We have since expanded CYP2C19 genotyping to UF Health Jacksonville and established the infrastructure at UF Health to support clinical implementation for five additional gene-drug pairs: TPMT-thiopurines, IFNL3 (IL28B)-PEG IFN-α-based regimens, CYP2D6-opioids, CYP2D6/CYP2C19-antidepressants and CYP2C19-proton pump inhibitors. We are contributing to the evidence based on outcomes with genotype-guided therapy through pragmatic studies of our clinical implementations...
March 27, 2017: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346049/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-veterinary-medical-students-a-multi-site-study
#10
Elizabeth B Strand, Jennifer Brandt, Kenita Rogers, Laurie Fonken, Ruthanne Chun, Peter Conlon, Linda Lord
This research explores Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) among veterinary medical students across six academic institutions of veterinary medicine, and their relationship with depression, stress, and desire to become a veterinarian. Between April 1, 2016 and May 23, 2016, 1,118 veterinary medical students in all 4 years of the curriculum (39% response rate) completed an anonymous web-based questionnaire about ACEs, depression using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CESD), stress using the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and the age at which they wanted to become a veterinarian...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344483/pharmacovigilance-system-in-saudi-arabia
#11
REVIEW
Thamir M Alshammari, Mohammed Alshakka, Hisham Aljadhey
Pharmacovigilance plays an important role in ensuring that patients are receiving safe drugs. In Saudi Arabia, Saudi Food and Drug Authority, health institutions, marketing authorization holders and healthcare professional are involved in pharmacovigilance activities regardless of the level of the involvement. Although pharmacovigilance is well established in developed nations and it is considered a new concept in Saudi Arabia. It is a collective effort from various stakeholders to make pharmacovigilance successful toward promoting safe and effective use of medicines among the population...
March 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343203/developing-the-professional-competence-of-future-doctors-in-the-instructional-setting-of-higher-medical-educational-institutions
#12
Halyna Yu Morokhovets, Yuliia V Lysanets
INTRODUCTION: The main objectives of higher medical education is the continuous professional improvement of physicians to meet the needs dictated by the modern world both at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. In this respect, the system of higher medical education has undergone certain changes - from determining the range of professional competences to the adoption of new standards of education in medicine. AIM: The article aims to analyze the parameters of doctor's professionalism in the context of competence-based approach and to develop practical recommendations for the improvement of instruction techniques...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342435/-therapeutic-aggressiveness-and-liquid-oncology
#13
F J Barón Duarte, M S Rodríguez Calvo, J R Amor Pan
Aggressiveness criteria proposed in the scientific literature a decade ago provide a quality judgment and are a reference in the care of patients with advanced cancer, but their use is not generalized in the evaluation of Oncology Services. In this paper we analyze the therapeutic aggressiveness, according to standard criteria, in 1.001 patients with advanced cancer who died in our Institution between 2010 and 2013. The results seem to show that aggressiveness at the end of life is present more frequently than experts recommend...
January 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342177/career-development-awards-in-emergency-medicine-resources-and-challenges
#14
Bryn E Mumma, Anna Marie Chang, Bory Kea, Megan L Ranney
OBJECTIVES: In the United States, emergency medicine researchers hold proportionately fewer federal career development awards than researchers in other specialties. Others hypothesize this deficit may partly be attributed to lack of mentors, departmental resources, and qualified applicants. Our objectives were to examine the association between departmental and institutional resources and career development awards and to describe the barriers to conducting research and obtaining grants in emergency medicine...
March 25, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341949/complications-and-outcomes-after-gynecomastia-surgery-analysis-of-204-pediatric-and-1583-adult-cases-from-a-national-multi-center-database
#15
Dmitry Zavlin, Kevin T Jubbal, Jeffrey D Friedman, Anthony Echo
BACKGROUND: Gynecomastia is a common disease that is prevalent across all age groups of boys and men. Although benign in nature, it can lead to psychological and social distress, prompting affected patients to seek medical attention. Management strategies include observation and drug therapy, yet surgical procedures remain the hallmark of treatment. The goal of this study was to analyze patient demographics, outcomes, and complication rates of gynecomastia surgery in a large multi-institutional cohort...
March 24, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341310/women-in-leadership-why-so-few-and%C3%A2-what-to-do-about-it
#16
Christina M Surawicz
The numbers of women in medical school and in medical training have increased dramatically and are near 50% overall, but the number of women who advance to senior and leadership positions is not nearly this high. There are many reasons why the number of women in leadership roles in academic medicine has not kept pace with the number of women entering the field of medicine. Two popular themes are the glass ceiling (referring to an invisible barrier to advancement) and the leaky pipeline (the loss of women faculty along the path, or pipeline, to advancement)...
December 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341087/the-impact-of-a-pediatric-emergency-department-facility-verification-system-on-pediatric-mortality-rates-in-arizona
#17
Amber Rice, Jennifer Dudek, Toni Gross, Tomi St Mars, Dale Woolridge
BACKGROUND: The Emergency Medical Services for Children State Partnership Program, as well as the Institute of Medicine report on pediatric emergency care, encourages recognition of emergency departments (EDs) through categorization and verification systems. Although pediatric verification programs are associated with greater pediatric readiness, clinical outcome data have been lacking to track the effects and patient-centered outcomes by implementing such programs. OBJECTIVE: To describe pediatric mortality rates prior to and after implementation of a pediatric emergency facility verification system in Arizona...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341083/scientific-publications-in-gastroenterology-and-hepatology-in-taiwan-an-analysis-of-web-of-science-from-1993-to-2013
#18
Hsiao-Ting Chang, Ming-Hwai Lin, I-Hsuan Hwang, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Han-Chieh Lin, Ming-Chih Hou, Shinn-Jang Hwang
BACKGROUND: Scientific publications are important for evaluating the achievements of a medical specialty or discipline. Gastroenterology and Hepatology is a medical specialty in great demand in Taiwan, therefore, this study aimed to analyze the Gastroenterology and Hepatology publications from 1993 to 2013 in Taiwan, using the Web of Science (WoS) database. METHODS: Scientific publications from departments/institutes of gastroenterology and hepatology were retrieved and analyzed from the WoS database, which included articles published in the Science Citation Index Expanded and Social Science Citation Index journals from 1993 to 2013...
February 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341010/history-and-development-of-ophthalmology-in-taiwan
#19
REVIEW
Yu-Chih Hou, Gale A Oren, Muh-Shy Chen, Fung-Rong Hu
Western medicine was first introduced to Taiwan by medical missionaries in the mid-19(th) century. Modernization of medicine was systematically transplanted to Taiwan in the Japanese colonial period, and ophthalmology was established third among hospital departments, following internal medicine and surgery. Dr Hidetaka Yamaguchi, an ophthalmologist, was the first head of the Taihoku Hospital, later known as National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH; Taipei, Taiwan). Ophthalmologists during the colonial period conducted studies on tropical and infectious eye diseases...
December 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340222/success-in-implementation-of-a-resident-in-service-examination-review-series
#20
Jessica A Forcucci, J Madison Hyer, Evelyn T Bruner, David N Lewin, Nicholas I Batalis
Objectives: Primary pathology board certification has been correlated with senior resident in-service examination (RISE) performance. We describe our success with an annual, month-long review series. Methods: Aggregate program RISE performance data were gathered for 3 years prior to and 3 years following initiation of the review series. In addition, mean United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 and 2 Clinical Knowledge scores for residents participating in each RISE examination were obtained to control for incoming knowledge and test-taking ability...
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
keyword
keyword
43821
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"