Read by QxMD icon Read


Kévin Cottet, Bin Xu, Pascale Coric, Serge Bouaziz, Sylvie Michel, Michel Vidal, Marie-Christine Lallemand, Sylvain Broussy
Natural products guttiferone A, hyperforin, and aristoforin were able to inhibit or increase SIRT1 catalytic activity, depending on protein concentration and presence of detergent. On the basis of NMR data for guttiferone A, we demonstrated that the aggregation state of the natural product played a crucial role for its interaction with the enzyme. These results are useful to interpret future in vitro structure-activity relationship studies on these natural products in the quest of their biological target(s)...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Nikos Seferos, Loukas Petrokokkinos, Antonia Kotsiou, George Rallis, Christine Tesseromatis
: Stress, via corticosteroids release, influences bone mass density. Hypericum perforatum (Hp) a traditional remedy possess antidepressive activity (serotonin reuptake inhibitor) and wound healing properties. Hp preparation contains mainly hypericin, hyperforin, hyperoside and flavonoids exerting oestrogen-mimetic effect. Cold swimming represents an experimental model of stress associating mental strain and corporal exhaustion. OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the Hp effect on femur and mandible bone mass changes in rats under cold forced swimming procedure...
2016: Stomatologija
Xiaodong Yan, Juanfang Liu, Zhengxu Ye, Jinghui Huang, Fei He, Wei Xiao, Xueyu Hu, Zhuojing Luo
Electrical stimulation (ES)-triggered up-regulation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurite outgrowth in cultured rat postnatal dorsal root ganglion neurons (DRGNs) is calcium (Ca2+)-dependent. The effects of increased Ca2+ on BDNF up-regulation and neurite outgrowth remain unclear. We showed here that ES increased phosphorylation of the cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB). Blockade of Ca2+ suppressed CREB phosphorylation and neurite outgrowth. Down-regulation of phosphorylated (p)-CREB reduced BDNF transcription and neurite outgrowth triggered by ES...
2016: PloS One
Eric A Apaydin, Alicia R Maher, Roberta Shanman, Marika S Booth, Jeremy N V Miles, Melony E Sorbero, Susanne Hempel
BACKGROUND: This systematic review evaluated St. John's wort (SJW) for the treatment of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). The objectives of this review are to (1) evaluate the efficacy and safety of SJW in adults with MDD compared to placebo and active comparator and (2) evaluate whether the effects vary by severity of MDD. METHODS: We searched PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, CENTRAL, Embase, AMED, MANTIS, Web of Science, and ICTRP and existing reviews to November 2014...
September 2, 2016: Systematic Reviews
Joseph Kwon, Kyung Seo Oh, Se-Young Cho, Mi Ae Bang, Hwan Seon Kim, Bipin Vaidya, Duwoon Kim
Hyperforin, a major active compound of St. John's wort extract, affects estrogenic activity. In this study, the compound evoked estrogen response element-dependent luciferase activity and cell proliferation in MCF-7 cells. Hyperforin-induced cell proliferation was significantly inhibited by the estrogen receptor antagonist ICI 182,780. These results suggested that hyperforin had estrogenic and cell proliferation activities, which were stimulated via the estrogen receptor. Compared to 17β-estradiol, hyperforin showed significantly lower estrogenic activity and cell proliferation...
July 25, 2016: Planta Medica
Anna Misianiková, Daniela Zubrická, Linda Petijová, Katarina Brunákova, Eva Cellárová
BACKGROUND: The increasing demand for hypericins and hyperforins, the unique pharmaceuticals found in the Hypericum genus, requires the development of effective tools for long-term storage of cells and tissues with unique biochemical profiles. OBJECTIVE: To determine the temperature of crystallization (T(C)) and of ice formation of 14 cryoprotectant mixtures (CMs) for their use in cryoprotection of H. perforatum L. cell suspensions and to evaluate the impact of the lowest Tc on post-cryogenic recovery...
May 2016: Cryo Letters
Hitesh Soni, Adebowale Adebiyi
Glomerular mesangial cell (GMC) proliferation and death are involved in the pathogenesis of glomerular disorders. The mechanisms that control GMC survival are poorly understood, but may include signal transduction pathways that are modulated by changes in intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]i) concentration. In this study, we investigated whether activation of the canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) 6 channels and successive [Ca(2+)]i elevation alter neonatal GMC survival. Hyperforin (HF)-induced TRPC6 channel activation increased [Ca(2+)]i concentration, inhibited proliferation, and triggered apoptotic cell death in primary neonatal pig GMCs...
2016: Scientific Reports
Jiancheng Zhang, Chengye Yao, Jiayi Chen, Yujing Zhang, Shiying Yuan, Yun Lin
Hyperforin, the main active ingredient of the medicinal plant Hypericum perforatum, has been shown to be neuroprotective against acute ischemic stroke. However, the long-term actions of hyperforin on the post-stroke functional recovery and underlying mechanisms have not been investigated. C57BL/6 wild-type mice or interleukin (IL)-17A knock-out mice underwent middle cerebral artery occlusion (60min) followed by reperfusion for 28 days. Here, we found that delayed treatment with hyperforin significantly promoted functional recovery and increased IL-17A expression in the ischemic hemisphere at 28 days post-ischemia (dpi)...
September 1, 2016: Brain Research
M Šemeláková, R Jendželovský, P Fedoročko
Our previous results have shown that the combination of hypericin-mediated photodynamic therapy (HY-PDT) at sub-optimal dose with hyperforin (HP) (compounds of Hypericum sp.), or its stable derivative aristoforin (AR) stimulates generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) leading to antitumour activity. This enhanced oxidative stress evoked the need for an explanation for HY accumulation in colon cancer cells pretreated with HP or AR. Generally, the therapeutic efficacy of chemotherapeutics is limited by drug resistance related to the overexpression of drug efflux transporters in tumour cells...
July 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Alexandre Bouron, Sylvain Chauvet, Stuart Dryer, Juan A Rosado
Canonical transient receptor potential 6 (TRPC6) proteins assemble into heteromultimeric structures forming non-selective cation channels. In addition, many TRPC6-interacting proteins have been identified like some enzymes, channels, pumps, cytoskeleton-associated proteins, immunophilins, or cholesterol-binding proteins, indicating that TRPC6 are engaged into macromolecular complexes. Depending on the cell type and the experimental conditions used, TRPC6 activity has been reported to be controlled by diverse modalities...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Reza Nosratabadi, Maryam Rastin, Mojtaba Sankian, Dariush Haghmorad, Mahmoud Mahmoudi
Hyperforin an herbal compound, is commonly used in traditional medicine due to its anti-inflammatory activities. The aim of this study was to use a hyperforin loaded gold nanoparticle (Hyp-GNP) to treatment of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) an animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS). Hyp-GNP and hyperforin significantly reduced clinical severity of EAE, which was accompanied by a decrease in the number of inflammatory cell infiltration in the spinal cord. Additionally, treatment with Hyp-GNP significantly inhibited disease-associated cytokines as well as an increase in the anti-inflammatory cytokines in comparison to all groups including free-hyp group...
April 20, 2016: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
M K Sarath Josh, S Pradeep, Aparna K Balan, M N Sreejith, Sailas Benjamin
Phthalates are known to cause endocrine disruption in humans and animals. Being lipophilic xenobiotic chemicals, phthalates from the surrounding environments can easily be absorbed into the biological system, thereby causing various health dysfunctions. This molecular docking study evaluates a variety of molecular interactions of 12 commonly used diphthalates and respective monophthalates onto the ligand binding domain (LBD) of the human pregnane X receptor (hPXR), a xenosensor, which would be beneficial for further in vitro and in vivo studies on hazardous phthalates...
April 12, 2016: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
Cuneyt Cirak, Jolita Radusiene, Valdas Jakstas, Liudas Ivanauskas, Fatih Seyis, Fatih Yayla
Context The genus Hypericum (Hypericaceae) has attracted remarkable scientific interest as its members have yielded many bioactive compounds. Objective The current study presents investigations on the accumulation of hypericin, pseudohypericin, hyperforin, adhyperforin, chlorogenic acid, neochlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, 13,118-biapigenin, hyperoside, isoquercitrin, quercitrin, quercetin, avicularin, rutin, (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin in seven Hypericum (Hypericaceae) species growing wild in Turkey, namely, H...
October 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
Serge A T Fobofou, Katrin Franke, Andrea Porzel, Wolfgang Brandt, Ludger A Wessjohann
The chemical investigation of the chloroform extract of Hypericum lanceolatum guided by (1)H NMR, ESIMS, and TLC profiles led to the isolation of 11 new tricyclic acylphloroglucinol derivatives, named selancins A-I (1-9) and hyperselancins A and B (10 and 11), along with the known compound 3-O-geranylemodin (12), which is described for a Hypericum species for the first time. Compounds 8 and 9 are the first examples of natural products with a 6-acyl-2,2-dimethylchroman-4-one core fused with a dimethylpyran unit...
April 22, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
Lucie Hyrsova, Tomas Smutny, Alejandro Carazo, Stefan Moravcik, Jana Mandikova, Frantisek Trejtnar, Sabine Gerbal-Chaloin, Petr Pavek
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The organic cation transporter 1 (OCT1) transports cationic drugs into hepatocytes. The high hepatic expression of OCT1 is controlled by the HNF4α and USF transcription factors. Pregnane X receptor (PXR) mediates induction of the principal xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes and transporters in the liver. Here, we have assessed the down-regulation of OCT1 expression by PXR activation. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We used primary human hepatocytes and related cell lines to measure OCT1 expression and activity, by assaying MPP(+) accumulation...
May 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Mariam Gaid, Paul Haas, Till Beuerle, Stephan Scholl, Ludger Beerhues
Extracts of the medicinal plant Hypericum perforatum are used to treat depression and skin irritation. A major API is hyperforin, characterized by sensitivity to light, oxygen and temperature. Total synthesis of hyperforin is challenging and its content in field-grown plants is variable. We have established in vitro cultures of auxin-induced roots, which are capable of producing hyperforin, as indicated by HPLC-DAD and ESI-MS analyses. The extraction yield and the productivity upon use of petroleum ether after solvent screening were ∼5 mg/g DW and ∼50 mg/L culture after six weeks of cultivation...
March 20, 2016: Journal of Biotechnology
Andrea Kucharíková, Katarína Kimáková, Christian Janfelt, Eva Čellárová
Plants of the genus Hypericum are widely known for their therapeutic properties. The most biologically active compounds of this genus are naphtodianthrones and phloroglucinols. Indirect desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (DESI-MS) imaging allows visualization and localization of secondary metabolites in different plant tissues. This study is focused on localization of major secondary compounds in the leaves of 17 different in vitro cultured Hypericum species classified in 11 sections. Generally, all identified naphtodianthrones, protohypericin, hypericin, protopseudohypericin and pseudohypericin were co-localized in the dark glands of eight hypericin producing species at the site of their accumulation...
May 2016: Physiologia Plantarum
Reza Nosratabadi, Maryam Rastin, Mojtaba Sankian, Dariush Haghmorad, Nafiseh Tabasi, Shahrzad Zamani, Azita Aghaee, Zohre Salehipour, Mahmoud Mahmoudi
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a central nervous system disorder mainly characterized by inflammation, demyelination and axonal injury. Anti-inflammatory agents can be used to ameliorate the disease process. Hypericum perforatum L or St. John's wort is widely used as an anti-depressant and anti-inflammatory remedy in traditional and herbal medicine. Based on St. John's wort properties, the therapeutic potentials of an H. perforatum extract (HPE) and a single component, hyperforin were evaluated for effectiveness against MOG35-55-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model for human multiple sclerosis...
May 2016: Journal of Immunotoxicology
Yu Sato, Takamitsu Sasaki, Shogo Takahashi, Takeshi Kumagai, Kiyoshi Nagata
PURPOSE: In recent years, a number of natural medicines have been reported to have inductive or inhibitive effects on the activity of drug metabolizing enzymes, upon co-administration with prescribed medicines. However, information regarding natural medicine-drug interactions that influence drug metabolism is limited owing to the lack of efficient screening method for such interactions. Therefore, to understand whether P450 activity is affected by natural medicine in small intestines, we have established frozen recombinant P450-expressing cells infected with human CYP3A4 expressing adenovirus (Ad-CYP3A4) to evaluate the effect of natural medicines on CYP3A4 activity...
2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
Sara M Silva, Ana Martinho, Ivo Moreno, Samuel Silvestre, Luiza Breitenfeld Granadeiro, Gilberto Alves, Ana Paula Duarte, Fernanda Domingues, Eugenia Gallardo
AIMS: Hypericum perforatum (H. perforatum) is one of the most used medicinal plants. However, it has been associated with relevant interactions with several drugs. This situation is probably mediated by cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYP450), namely the 1A2 (CYP1A2) and 2D6 (CYP2D6) isoforms This study aims to assess the cytotoxic and CYP1A2 and CYP2D6 inductive and/or inhibitory effects of a H. perforatum extract and its main bioactive components in hepatic cell lines. MAIN METHODS: A MTT proliferation assay was performed in WRL-68, HepG2 and HepaRG cells after exposition to different concentrations of H...
January 1, 2016: Life Sciences
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"