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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453749/lifelong-robbery-victimisation-and-mental-disorders-at-age-18-years-brazilian-population-based-study
#1
Joseph Murray, Natália Peixoto Lima, Ana Carolina Oliveira Ruivo, Andrea Ramírez Varela, Caroline Cardozo Bortolotto, Elma Izze da Silva Magalhães, Franciéle Marabotti Costa Leite, Mariana Otero Xavier, Jean-Baptiste Pingault, Seena Fazel, Gregore Iven Mielke, Luciana Anselmi, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Ana Maria Baptista Menezes
PURPOSE: Urban violence is a major problem in Brazil and may contribute to mental disorders among victims. The aim of this study was to assess the association between robbery victimisation and mental health disorders in late adolescence. METHODS: At age 18 years, 4106 participants in the 1993 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study were assessed. A questionnaire about history of robbery victimisation was administered, the Self-Report Questionnaire was used to screen for common mental disorders, and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview was used to assess major depressive disorder and generalised anxiety disorder...
February 17, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452576/assessing-retention-in-care-after-12-months-of-the-pediatric-development-clinic-implementation-in-rural-rwanda-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Scheilla Bayitondere, Francois Biziyaremye, Catherine M Kirk, Hema Magge, Katrina Hann, Kim Wilson, Christine Mutaganzwa, Eric Ngabireyimana, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Evelyne Shema, David B Tugizimana, Ann C Miller
BACKGROUND: In Africa, a high proportion of children are at risk for developmental delay. Early interventions are known to improve outcomes, but they are not routinely available. The Rwandan Ministry of Health with Partners In Health/Inshuti Mu Buzima created the Pediatric Development Clinic (PDC) model for providing interdisciplinary developmental care for high-risk infants in rural settings. As retention for chronic care has proven challenging in many settings, this study assesses factors related to retention to care after 12 months of clinic enrollment...
February 16, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451904/phytoforensics-trees-as-bioindicators-of-potential-indoor-exposure-via-vapor-intrusion
#3
Jordan L Wilson, V A Samaranayake, Matt A Limmer, Joel G Burken
Human exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) via vapor intrusion (VI) is an emerging public health concern with notable detrimental impacts on public health. Phytoforensics, plant sampling to semi-quantitatively delineate subsurface contamination, provides a potential non-invasive screening approach to detect VI potential, and plant sampling is effective and also time- and cost-efficient. Existing VI assessment methods are time- and resource-intensive, invasive, and require access into residential and commercial buildings to drill holes through basement slabs to install sampling ports or require substantial equipment to install groundwater or soil vapor sampling outside the home...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451116/population-tailored-care-for-homeless-veterans-and-acute-care-use-cost-and-satisfaction-a-prospective-quasi-experimental-trial
#4
Thomas P O'Toole, Erin E Johnson, Matthew Borgia, Amy Noack, Jean Yoon, Elizabeth Gehlert, Jeanie Lo
INTRODUCTION: Although traditional patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs) are effective for patients with complex needs, it is unclear whether homeless-tailored PCMHs work better for homeless veterans. We examined the impact of enrollment in a Veterans Health Administration (VHA) homeless-tailored PCMH on health services use, cost, and satisfaction compared with enrollment in a traditional, nontailored PCMH. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, multicenter, quasi-experimental, single-blinded study at 2 VHA medical centers to assess health services use, cost, and satisfaction during 12 months among 2 groups of homeless veterans: 1) veterans receiving VHA homeless-tailored primary care (Homeless-Patient Aligned Care Team [H-PACT]) and 2) veterans receiving traditional primary care services (PACT)...
February 15, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450736/health-and-quality-of-life-differ-between-community-living-older-people-with-and-without-remaining-teeth-who-recently-received-formal-home-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
A R Hoeksema, L L Peters, G M Raghoebar, H J A Meijer, A Vissink, A Visser
OBJECTIVE: To assess oral health, health, and quality of life (QoL) of care-dependent community-living older people with and without remaining teeth who recently received formal home care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this cross-sectional observational study, community-living older people (≥ 65 years), who recently (< 6 months) received formal home care, were interviewed with validated questionnaires and underwent an oral examination. Oral health, general health, medicines usage, frailty (Groningen Frailty Indicator), cognition (Minimal Mental State Examination), QoL (RAND 36), and oral health-related QoL (Oral Health Impact Profile-14) were assessed...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449290/community-based-rehabilitation-training-after-stroke-results-of-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-retrain-investigating-acceptability-and-feasibility
#6
Sarah G Dean, Leon Poltawski, Anne Forster, Rod S Taylor, Anne Spencer, Martin James, Rhoda Allison, Shirley Stevens, Meriel Norris, Anthony I Shepherd, Paolo Landa, Richard M Pulsford, Laura Hollands, Raff Calitri
OBJECTIVES: To assess acceptability and feasibility of trial processes and the Rehabilitation Training (ReTrain) intervention including an assessment of intervention fidelity. DESIGN: A two-group, assessor-blinded, randomised controlled trial with parallel mixed methods process and economic evaluations. SETTING: Community settings across two sites in Devon. PARTICIPANTS: Eligible participants were: 18 years old or over, with a diagnosis of stroke and with self-reported mobility issues, no contraindications to physical activity, discharged from National Health Service or any other formal rehabilitation programme at least 1 month before, willing to be randomised to either control or ReTrain and attend the training venue, possessing cognitive capacity and communication ability sufficient to participate...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448198/assessment-of-soil-metal-concentrations-in-residential-and-community-vegetable-gardens-in-melbourne-australia
#7
Mark A S Laidlaw, Dileepa H Alankarage, Suzie M Reichman, Mark Patrick Taylor, Andrew S Ball
Gardening and urban food production is an increasingly popular activity, which can improve physical and mental health and provide low cost nutritious food. However, the legacy of contamination from industrial and diffuse sources may have rendered surface soils in some urban gardens to have metals value in excess of recommended guidelines for agricultural production. The objective of this study was to establish the presence and spatial extent of soil metal contamination in Melbourne's residential and inner city community gardens...
February 8, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447253/combined-impairments-in-vision-hearing-and-cognition-are-associated-with-greater-levels-of-functional-and-communication-difficulties-than-cognitive-impairment-alone-analysis-of-interrai-data-for-home-care-and-long-term-care-recipients-in-ontario
#8
Dawn M Guthrie, Jacob G S Davidson, Nicole Williams, Jennifer Campos, Kathleen Hunter, Paul Mick, Joseph B Orange, M Kathleen Pichora-Fuller, Natalie A Phillips, Marie Y Savundranayagam, Walter Wittich
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the current study was to understand the added effects of having a sensory impairment (vision and/or hearing impairment) in combination with cognitive impairment with respect to health-related outcomes among older adults (65+ years old) receiving home care or residing in a long-term care (LTC) facility in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted using existing data collected with one of two interRAI assessments, one for home care (n = 291,824) and one for LTC (n = 110,578)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445982/care-coordination-empowering-families-a-promising-practice-to-facilitate-medical-home-use-among-children-and-youth-with-special-health-care-needs
#9
Lisa Gorman Ufer, Julie A Moore, Kristen Hawkins, Gina Gembel, David N Entwistle, David Hoffman
Introduction This paper describes the care coordination training program and results of an evaluation from its pilot in seven states. Despite the importance of practice-based care coordination, only 42.3% of children with special health care needs (CYSHCN) met all needed components of care coordination as defined by the Maternal Child Health Bureau. Recognizing that children with medically complex conditions often have lower rates of achieving care coordination within a medical home, the Region 4 Midwest Genetics Collaborative worked with families to develop a training to empower families in care coordination...
February 14, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445981/the-impact-of-food-insecurity-on-the-home-emotional-environment-among-low-income-mothers-of-young-children
#10
Monique Gill, Maria Koleilat, Shannon E Whaley
Objectives Household stressors, such as food insecurity, contribute to the home emotional environment and negatively affect child development. Little research on this topic has been conducted among very young children. This study aimed to examine the relationship between food insecurity and the home emotional environment, as well the extent to which the relationship may be mediated by maternal symptoms of depression. Frequency of praise, affection, and discipline of young children by mothers were examined as markers of the home emotional environment...
February 14, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444736/recognition-of-the-complexity-facing-residential-care-homes-a-practitioner-inquiry
#11
Jenny Dudman, Julienne Meyer, Cheryl Holman, Wendy Moyle
Aim To explore the experiences and challenges for residential care home staff when managing the healthcare needs of their residents, in particular those living with dementia. BACKGROUND: Increasing number of older people, with complex health and social care needs are living in residential care homes. Yet there is limited appreciation of why staff sometimes struggle to manage residents' healthcare needs, or understanding of their working relationship with district nurses (DNs), whose responsibility it is to provide nursing support...
February 15, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444650/designing-a-behavioral-intervention-using-the-com-b-model-and-the-theoretical-domains-framework-to-promote-gas-stove-use-in-rural-guatemala-a-formative-research-study
#12
Lisa M Thompson, Anaité Diaz-Artiga, John R Weinstein, Margaret A Handley
BACKGROUND: Three billion people use solid cooking fuels, and 4 million people die from household air pollution annually. Shifting households to clean fuels, like liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), may protect health only if stoves are consistently used. Few studies have used an implementation science framework to systematically assess "de-implementation" of traditional stoves, and none have done so with pregnant women who are more likely to adopt new behaviors. We evaluated an introduced LPG stove coupled with a phased behavioral intervention to encourage exclusive gas stove use among pregnant women in rural Guatemala...
February 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443557/adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-among-youths-living-in-group-care-homes-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Roy F Oman, Sara K Vesely, Jennifer Green, Kristen Clements-Nolle, Minggen Lu
OBJECTIVES: To determine if the Power Through Choices (PTC) intervention can increase the use of birth control and reduce pregnancy among system-involved youths living in group care homes. METHODS: We performed a 2-arm cluster randomized controlled trial involving group care homes operated by child welfare or juvenile justice systems in California, Maryland, and Oklahoma with assessments immediately before and after the intervention, and at 6- and 12-month follow-up...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443533/the-effects-of-a-yoga-exercise-and-nutritional-guidance-program-on-pregnancy-outcomes-among-healthy-pregnant-japanese-women-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Masayo Matsuzaki, Momoko Kusaka, Takashi Sugimoto, Mie Shiraishi, Risa Kobayashi, Sachi Watanabe, Megumi Haruna
OBJECTIVES: This report provides an experimental protocol for a study designed to verify the effects of yoga exercise and a nutritional guidance program during pregnancy on several key pregnancy and birth outcomes among Japanese women. DESIGN: This is a study protocol of a randomized controlled trial. SETTING/LOCATION: This intervention will be carried out in a university hospital in Tokyo. SUBJECTS: Healthy primiparous women will be recruited at 18-23 gestational weeks in the hospital...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441279/externally-applied-compression-therapy-for-fontan-patients
#15
Joseph Hernandez, Steven G Chopski, Sam Lee, William B Moskowitz, Amy L Throckmorton
Background: Limited therapeutic options are available for Fontan patients with dysfunctional or failing single ventricle physiology. This study describes the evaluation of an alternative, non-invasive, at-home therapeutic compression treatment for Fontan patients. Our hypothesis is that routinely administered, externally applied compression treatments to the lower extremities will augment systemic venous return, improve ventricular preload, and thus enhance cardiac output in Fontan patients...
January 2018: Translational Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440959/assessment-of-orthodontic-treatment-need-among-tribal-children-of-indore-division-central-india
#16
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Astha Chauhan, Srinivasa Gowda, Rutuja Ambekar, Bhupendra S Rathore, Sakshi Chabra, Afsheen Lalani, Harsh Harani
Introduction: India is home to many tribes which have an interesting and varied history of origins, customs and social practices. Oral health care in tribal areas is limited due to shortage of dental manpower, financial constraints and the lack of perceived need for dental care among tribal masses. Objective: To assess orthodontic treatment need among tribal children of Indore division, Central India. Methods: A cross-sectional house to house survey was carried out among 800 tribal children aged 5 to 15 years old in two major tribal districts of Indore division...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440911/should-frail-older-adults-be-in-long-term-care-facilities
#17
Liv Wergeland Sørbye, Sidsel Sverdrup, Birgit Brunborg Pay
Aim: Home-based nursing care is relatively easy to access in Norway compared to the rest of Europe, and the threshold for applying for assistance is relatively low. The aim of the present study was to analyze factors that enable frail older adults to live in their own homes, with a low level of care burden stress. Methodology: In 2015 and 2016, eight municipalities from different parts of Norway participated in a cross-sectional study. The quantitative part of the project consisted of assessing care of 71 older adults, aged ≥80 years, using a geriatric comprehensive assessment...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439942/using-robots-at-home-to-support-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Elizabeth Broadbent, Jeff Garrett, Nicola Jepsen, Vickie Li Ogilvie, Ho Seok Ahn, Hayley Robinson, Kathryn Peri, Ngaire Kerse, Paul Rouse, Avinesh Pillai, Bruce MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Socially assistive robots are being developed for patients to help manage chronic health conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Adherence to medication and availability of rehabilitation are suboptimal in this patient group, which increases the risk of hospitalization. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a robot delivering telehealth care to increase adherence to medication and home rehabilitation, improve quality of life, and reduce hospital readmission compared with a standard care control group...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439783/geographic-access-to-mammography-facilities-and-frequency-of-mammography-screening
#19
Patricia I Jewett, Ronald E Gangnon, Elena Elkin, John M Hampton, Elizabeth A Jacobs, Kristen Malecki, James LaGro, Polly A Newcomb, Amy Trentham-Dietz
PURPOSE: To assess the association between geographic access to mammography facilities and women's mammography utilization frequency. METHODS: Using data from the population-based 1995-2007 Wisconsin Women's Health study, we used proportional odds and logistic regression to test whether driving times to mammography facilities and the number of mammography facilities within 10 km of women's homes were associated with mammography frequency among women aged 50-74 years and whether associations differed between Rural-Urban Commuting Areas and income and education groups...
February 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439581/association-between-dementia-severity-and-recommended-lifestyle-changes-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Timothy Thoits, Alison Dutkiewicz, Sarah Raguckas, Michael Lawrence, Jessica Parker, Jacob Keeley, Nicholas Andersen, Martha VanDyken, Maegan Hatfield-Eldred
OBJECTIVE: Early diagnosis of dementia leads to early treatment which is beneficial to patients and the community. We reviewed initial evaluations from the Spectrum Health Medical Group Neurocognitive Clinic (SHMGNC) to evaluate dementia stage at the time of diagnosis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 110 randomly chosen initial evaluations from September 2008 to December 2015 at the SHMGNC. Patients underwent a neurological examination, Montreal Cognitive Assessment, and a battery of neuropsychological testing...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
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