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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629295/reliability-and-validity-of-somali-version-of-the-phq-9-in-primary-care-practice
#1
Vasumathi Nallusamy, Mohamud Afgarshe, Heather Shlosser
Objectives Depression is one of the common mental health problems noticed in immigrants because of the experiences related to their resettlement which is the case for Somali population. Depression increases mortality, morbidity, disability, and costs of health care which can be controlled by screening depression in the primary care setting using a culturally and linguistically congruent screening tool. The aim of the current study is to translate the English PHQ-9 into Somali language using evidence-based translational methodology and establish psychometric properties of the Somali PHQ-9...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617919/the-persistence-and-functional-impact-of-english-language-difficulties-experienced-by-children-learning-english-as-an-additional-language-and-monolingual-peers
#2
Katie E Whiteside, Courtenay Frazier Norbury
Purpose: This study explored whether a monolingual-normed English language battery could identify children with English as an additional language (EAL) who have persistent English language learning difficulties that affect functional academic attainment. Method: Children with EAL (n = 43) and monolingual English-speaking children (n = 46) completed a comprehensive monolingual-normed English language battery in Year 1 (ages 5-6 years) and Year 3 (ages 7-8 years)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611719/hablo-ingl%C3%A3-s-y-espa%C3%A3-ol-cultural-self-schemas-as-a-function-of-language
#3
Gloriana Rodríguez-Arauz, Nairán Ramírez-Esparza, Norma Pérez-Brena, Ryan L Boyd
Research has demonstrated that bilingual individuals experience a "double personality," which allows them to shift their self-schemas when they are primed with different language modes. In this study, we examine whether self-schemas change in Mexican-American (N = 193) bilinguals living in the U.S. when they provide open-ended personality self-descriptions in both English and Spanish. We used the Meaning Extraction Helper (MEH) software to extract the most salient self-schemas that influence individuals' self-defining process...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610849/dynamic-spatial-organization-of-the-occipito-temporal-word-form-area-for-second-language-processing
#4
Yue Gao, Yafeng Sun, Chunming Lu, Guosheng Ding, Taomei Guo, Jeffrey G Malins, James R Booth, Danling Peng, Li Liu
Despite the left occipito-temporal region having shown consistent activation in visual word form processing across numerous studies in different languages, the mechanisms by which word forms of second languages are processed in this region remain unclear. To examine this more closely, 16 Chinese-English and 14 English-Chinese late bilinguals were recruited to perform lexical decision tasks to visually presented words in both their native and second languages (L1 and L2) during functional magnetic resonance imaging scanning...
June 10, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608324/translation-and-validation-of-chronic-liver-disease-questionnaire-cldq-in-tamil-language
#5
Amit Goel, Karunanithi Arivazhagan, Avani Sasi, Vanathy Shanmugam, Seleena Koshi, Biju Pottakkat, C P Lakshmi, Ashish Awasthi
BACKGROUND: Chronic liver disease questionnaire (CLDQ), a self-administered quality-of-life (QOL) instrument for chronic liver disease (CLD) patients, was originally developed in English language. We aimed to translate and validate CLDQ in Tamil language (CLDQ-T). METHODS: CLDQ-T, prepared by two forward and two backward independent translations by four bilingual (Tamil and English) persons, and repeated iterative modifications, was validated in adult, native-Tamil patients with CLD...
June 13, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597331/inhibition-efficiency-in-highly-proficient-bilinguals-and-simultaneous-interpreters-evidence-from-language-switching-and-stroop-tasks
#6
Xavier Aparicio, Karin Heidlmayr, Frédéric Isel
The present behavioral study aimed to examine the impact of language control expertise on two domain-general control processes, i.e. active inhibition of competing representations and overcoming of inhibition. We compared how Simultaneous Interpreters (SI) and Highly Proficient Bilinguals-two groups assumed to differ in language control capacity-performed executive tasks involving specific inhibition processes. In Experiment 1 (language decision task), both active and overcoming of inhibition processes are involved, while in Experiment 2 (bilingual Stroop task) only interference suppression is supposed to be required...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586823/cross-linguistic-differences-in-bilinguals-fundamental-frequency-ranges
#7
Mikhail Ordin, Ineke Mennen
Purpose: We investigated cross-linguistic differences in fundamental frequency range (FFR) in Welsh-English bilingual speech. This is the first study that reports gender-specific behavior in switching FFRs across languages in bilingual speech. Method: FFR was conceptualized as a behavioral pattern using measures of span (range of fundamental frequency-in semitones-covered by the speaker's voice) and level (overall height of fundamental frequency maxima, minima, and means of speaker's voice) in each language...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586425/mothers-of-deaf-children-in-the-21st-century-dynamic-positioning-between-the-medical-and-cultural-linguistic-discourses
#8
Liesbeth Matthijs, Stefan Hardonk, Jasmina Sermijn, Martine Van Puyvelde, Greg Leigh, Mieke Van Herreweghe, Gerrit Loots
Traditional research examining the communicational choices made by families with deaf children tends to emanate from the premise that families engage with either of the two grand discourses on deafness (i.e., the medical or cultural-linguistic perspective). This study investigated hearing mother's engagement with the educational options for their child from a dynamic, poststructural perspective. Three Flemish mothers were interviewed in-depth at the child's ages of 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months. The data were analyzed within a theoretical model that describes the positioning process of the mothers...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585051/the-role-of-the-putamen-in-language-a-meta-analytic-connectivity-modeling-study
#9
Nestor Viñas-Guasch, Yan Jing Wu
The putamen is a subcortical structure that forms part of the dorsal striatum of basal ganglia, and has traditionally been associated with reinforcement learning and motor control, including speech articulation. However, recent studies have shown involvement of the left putamen in other language functions such as bilingual language processing (Abutalebi et al. 2012) and production, with some authors arguing for functional segregation of anterior and posterior putamen (Oberhuber et al. 2013). A further step in exploring the role of putamen in language would involve identifying the network of coactivations of not only the left, but also the right putamen, given the involvement of right hemisphere in high order language functions (Vigneau et al...
June 5, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584822/diabetes-management-with-a-care-coordinator-improves-glucose-control-in-african-americans-and-hispanics
#10
Wayne S Rawlins, Michele A Toscano-Garand, Garth Graham
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate diabetes control, as measured by hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) improvements among African American and Hispanic patients receiving conventional clinical treatment combined with a bilingual diabetes educator using culturally and linguistically appropriate educational materials. This study also sought to estimate the healthcare cost savings resulting from any A1c improvements and assess the cost-effectiveness of this approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a multistage, face-to-face observational study undertaken in Texas, United States and focused on 153 African American and Hispanic patients with poor blood glucose control (baseline A1c >8...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581344/exploring-the-bilingual-phonological-space-early-bilinguals-discrimination-of-coronal-stop-contrasts
#11
Yevgeniy Vasilyevich Melguy
It is well known that the way monolingual listeners discriminate speech sounds is strongly influenced by their native (L1) sound system. Moreover, such perceptual constraints are not limited to monolinguals: multiple studies have found evidence of language-specificity in bilingual speech perception. However, the question of whether bilinguals have simultaneous access to both of their phonologies during non-native contrast discrimination has not been systematically examined. Namely, very few studies of bilinguals have specifically examined cases where a non-native contrast pair straddles the boundary between two sound systems, with one sound corresponding to a sound in the L1, and the other to a sound in the second language (L2), but with neither the L1 nor the L2 containing both...
June 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579912/interaction-of-bilingualism-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-young-adults
#12
Ellen Bialystok, Kornelia Hawrylewicz, Melody Wiseheart, Maggie Toplak
One hundred and sixty-eight young adult participants were classified as monolingual or bilingual and as having a previously reported clinical diagnosis of ADHD or not to create four groups. All participants completed tests of language proficiency, ADHD ratings, and executive control. Both bilingualism and ADHD are generally associated with poorer vocabulary knowledge, but bilingualism and ADHD are associated with opposite effects on executive control. Consistent with this literature, bilinguals performed more poorly than monolinguals on the vocabulary test but contrary to predictions, the ADHD group performed somewhat better on language ability than the non-ADHD group, attesting to their high functioning status...
May 2017: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579694/bilingualism-influences-structural-indices-of-interhemispheric-organization
#13
Adam Felton, David Vazquez, Aurora I Ramos-Nunez, Maya R Greene, Alessandra McDowell, Arturo E Hernandez, Christine Chiarello
Bilingualism represents an interesting model of possible experience-dependent alterations in brain structure. The current study examines whether interhemispheric adaptations in brain structure are associated with bilingualism. Corpus callosum volume and cortical thickness asymmetry across 13 regions of interest (selected to include critical language and bilingual cognitive control areas) were measured in a sample of Spanish-English bilinguals and age- and gender-matched monolingual individuals (N = 39 per group)...
May 2017: Journal of Neurolinguistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572785/age-of-acquisition-effects-on-word-processing-for-chinese-native-learners-english-erp-evidence-for-the-arbitrary-mapping-hypothesis
#14
Jin Xue, Tongtong Liu, Fernando Marmolejo-Ramos, Xuna Pei
The present study aimed at distinguishing processing of early learned L2 words from late ones for Chinese natives who learn English as a foreign language. Specifically, we examined whether the age of acquisition (AoA) effect arose during the arbitrary mapping from conceptual knowledge onto linguistic units. The behavior and ERP data were collected when 28 Chinese-English bilinguals were asked to perform semantic relatedness judgment on word pairs, which represented three stages of word learning (i.e., primary school, junior and senior high schools)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556913/bilingual-infants-demonstrate-advantages-in-learning-words-in-a-third-language
#15
Leher Singh
Prior research suggests that bilingualism may endow infants with greater phonological flexibility. This study investigated whether this flexibility facilitates word learning in additional languages (n = 96). Experiment 1 compared 18- to 20-month-old monolingual (English) and bilingual (English/Mandarin) infants on their ability to learn words distinguished by click consonants from a Southern African language, Ndebele. English-Mandarin bilingual infants were sensitive to Ndebele click contrasts, but monolingual English infants were not...
May 29, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555347/repetition-priming-effects-in-proficient-mandarin-cantonese-and-cantonese-mandarin-bidialectals-an-event-related-potential-study
#16
Aiwen Yi, Zhuoming Chen, Yanqun Chang, Shu Zhou, Limei Wu, Yaozhong Liu, Guoxiong Zhang
The present study adopted a repetition priming paradigm to investigate the bidialectal (bilingual) representation of speakers with different native dialects by event-related potential (ERP) technique. Proficient Mandarin-Cantonese and Cantonese-Mandarin bidialectals participated in the study. They were required to judge whether a word was a biological word or not, when the words (target word) were represented under four types of repetition priming conditions: Mandarin (prime)-Mandarin (target), Mandarin (prime)-Cantonese (target), Cantonese (prime)-Cantonese (target) and Cantonese (prime)-Mandarin (target)...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554334/he-said-she-said-effects-of-bilingualism-on-cross-talker-word-recognition-in-infancy
#17
Leher Singh
The purpose of the current study was to examine effects of bilingual language input on infant word segmentation and on talker generalization. In the present study, monolingually and bilingually exposed infants were compared on their abilities to recognize familiarized words in speech and to maintain generalizable representations of familiarized words. Words were first presented in the context of sentences to infants and then presented to infants in isolation during a test phase. During test, words were produced by a talker of the same gender and by a talker of the opposite gender...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553893/descriptions-of-depression-and-depression-treatment-in-older-hispanic-immigrants-in-a-geriatric-collaborative-care-program
#18
David Camacho, Elena Estrada, Isabel T Lagomasino, Maria P Aranda, Jennifer Green
OBJECTIVES: To explore experiences with depression and depression treatment among older Hispanic immigrants participating in a collaborative care program of psychotherapy and antidepressant medication. METHOD: Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 14 older Spanish-speaking Hispanic immigrants with major depression who participated in a collaborative care program within a public sector specialty geriatric clinic in Los Angeles, CA. RESULTS: Findings revealed that participants used various idioms to describe their experiences with depression, and that depression had a strong impact on functioning...
May 29, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538518/fetal-rhythm-based-language-discrimination-a-biomagnetometry-study
#19
Utako Minai, Kathleen Gustafson, Robert Fiorentino, Allard Jongman, Joan Sereno
Using fetal biomagnetometry, this study measured changes in fetal heart rate to assess discrimination of two rhythmically different languages (English and Japanese). Two-minute passages in English and Japanese were read by the same female bilingual speaker. Twenty-four mother-fetus pairs (mean gestational age=35.5 weeks) participated. Fetal magnetocardiography was recorded while the participants were presented first with passage 1, a passage in English, and then, following an 18 min interval, with passage 2, either a different passage in English (English-English condition: N=12) or in Japanese (English-Japanese condition: N=12)...
July 5, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535193/typicality-effect-and-category-structure-in-spanish-english-bilingual-children-and-adults
#20
Prarthana Shivabasappa, Elizabeth D Peña, Lisa M Bedore
Purpose: The study examines the typicality effect in Spanish-English bilingual children and adults in their 2 languages. Method: Two studies were conducted using a category-generation task to compare the typical items generated by children with those generated by adults. Children in the 1st study differed orthogonally with respect to age (older, younger) and language use (higher Spanish use, higher English use). In the 2nd study, the older and younger children were matched with adults on their current Spanish use to delineate the influence of test language and age...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
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