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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790243/identifying-language-impairment-in-bilingual-children-in-france-and-in-germany
#1
Laurice Tuller, Cornelia Hamann, Solveig Chilla, Sandrine Ferré, Eléonore Morin, Philippe Prevost, Christophe Dos Santos, Lina Abed Ibrahim, Racha Zebib
BACKGROUND: The detection of specific language impairment (SLI) in children growing up bilingually presents particular challenges for clinicians. Non-word repetition (NWR) and sentence repetition (SR) tasks have proven to be the most accurate diagnostic tools for monolingual populations, raising the question of the extent of their usefulness in different bilingual populations. AIMS: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of NWR and SR tasks that incorporate phonological/syntactic complexity as discussed in recent linguistic theory...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788967/towards-a-culturally-competent-health-professional-a-south-african-case-study
#2
Margaret Matthews, Jacqueline Van Wyk
BACKGROUND: South Africa (SA) has a growing multilingual and multicultural population of approximately 55 million people, and faces service delivery challenges due to a shortage in skilled health professionals. Many health care facilities still depict distinct racial and ethnic characteristics that date back to the apartheid era, and there are reports of racial intolerance or preferential treatment at some facilities. There is limited literature in South Africa on cultural competence or on how to train health professionals to provide culturally competent care...
May 22, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784061/understanding-developmental-language-disorder-the-helsinki-longitudinal-sli-study-helsli-a-study-protocol
#3
Marja Laasonen, Sini Smolander, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Miika Leminen, Hanna-Reetta Lajunen, Kati Heinonen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Todd M Bailey, Emmanuel M Pothos, Teija Kujala, Paavo H T Leppänen, Christopher W Bartlett, Ahmed Geneid, Leena Lauronen, Elisabet Service, Sari Kunnari, Eva Arkkila
BACKGROUND: Developmental language disorder (DLD, also called specific language impairment, SLI) is a common developmental disorder comprising the largest disability group in pre-school-aged children. Approximately 7% of the population is expected to have developmental language difficulties. However, the specific etiological factors leading to DLD are not yet known and even the typical linguistic features appear to vary by language. We present here a project that investigates DLD at multiple levels of analysis and aims to make the reliable prediction and early identification of the difficulties possible...
May 21, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783764/intensity-of-multilingual-language-use-predicts-cognitive-performance-in-some-multilingual-older-adults
#4
Anna Pot, Merel Keijzer, Kees de Bot
Cognitive advantages for bilinguals have inconsistently been observed in different populations, with different operationalisations of bilingualism, cognitive performance, and the process by which language control transfers to cognitive control. This calls for studies investigating which aspects of multilingualism drive a cognitive advantage, in which populations and under which conditions. This study reports on two cognitive tasks coupled with an extensive background questionnaire on health, wellbeing, personality, language knowledge and language use, administered to 387 older adults in the northern Netherlands, a small but highly multilingual area...
May 19, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781701/intervention-for-bilingual-speech-sound-disorders-a-case-study-of-an-isixhosa-english-speaking-child
#5
Kate Rossouw, Michelle Pascoe
 Bilingualism is common in South Africa, with many children acquiring isiXhosa as a home language and learning English from a young age in nursery or crèche. IsiXhosa is a local language, part of the Bantu language family, widely spoken in the country. Aims: To describe changes in a bilingual child's speech following intervention based on a theoretically motivated and tailored intervention plan. Methods and procedures: This study describes a female isiXhosa-English bilingual child, named Gcobisa (pseudonym) (chronological age 4 years and 2 months) with a speech sound disorder...
March 19, 2018: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781375/the-effects-of-bilingual-language-proficiency-on-recall-accuracy-and-semantic-clustering-in-free-recall-output-evidence-for-shared-semantic-associations-across-languages
#6
Wendy S Francis, Randolph S Taylor, Marisela Gutiérrez, Mary K Liaño, Diana G Manzanera, Renee M Penalver
Two experiments investigated how well bilinguals utilise long-standing semantic associations to encode and retrieve semantic clusters in verbal episodic memory. In Experiment 1, Spanish-English bilinguals (N = 128) studied and recalled word and picture sets. Word recall was equivalent in L1 and L2, picture recall was better in L1 than in L2, and the picture superiority effect was stronger in L1 than in L2. Semantic clustering in word and picture recall was equivalent in L1 and L2. In Experiment 2, Spanish-English bilinguals (N = 128) and English-speaking monolinguals (N = 128) studied and recalled word sequences that contained semantically related pairs...
May 19, 2018: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778429/outcomes-following-severe-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Eben Jones, Timesh D Pillay, Fengfeng Liu, Li Luo, Juan Carlos Bazo-Alvarez, Chen Yuan, Shanlu Zhao, Qi Chen, Yu Li, Qiaohong Liao, Hongjie Yu, H Rogier van Doorn, Saraswathy Sabanathan
BACKGROUND: Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) caused by enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) is associated with acute neurological disease in children. This study aimed to estimate the burden of long-term sequelae and death following severe HFMD. METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis pooled all reports from English and Chinese databases including MEDLINE and Wangfang on outbreaks of clinically diagnosed HFMD and/or laboratory-confirmed EV-A71 with at least 7 days' follow-up published between 1st January 1966 and 19th October 2015...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771462/different-neural-activities-support-auditory-working-memory-in-musicians-and-bilinguals
#8
Claude Alain, Yasha Khatamian, Yu He, Yunjo Lee, Sylvain Moreno, Ada W S Leung, Ellen Bialystok
Musical training and bilingualism benefit executive functioning and working memory (WM)-however, the brain networks supporting this advantage are not well specified. Here, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging and the n-back task to assess WM for spatial (sound location) and nonspatial (sound category) auditory information in musician monolingual (musicians), nonmusician bilinguals (bilinguals), and nonmusician monolinguals (controls). Musicians outperformed bilinguals and controls on the nonspatial WM task...
May 17, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766395/nonword-repetition-stimuli-for-vietnamese-speaking-children
#9
Giang Pham, Kerry Danahy Ebert, Kristine Thuy Dinh, Quynh Dam
Nonword repetition (NWR) has been a widely used measure of language-learning ability in children with and without language disorders. Although NWR tasks have been created for a variety of languages, minimal attention has been given to Asian tonal languages. This study introduces a new set of NWR stimuli for Vietnamese. The stimuli include 20 items ranging in length from one to four syllables. The items consist of dialect-neutral phonemes in consonant-vowel (CV) and CVC sequences that follow the phonotactic constraints of the language...
May 15, 2018: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755283/degree-of-bilingualism-modifies-executive-control-in-hispanic-children-in-the-usa
#10
Danielle Thomas-Sunesson, Kenji Hakuta, Ellen Bialystok
Past studies examining the cognitive function of bilingual school-aged children have pointed to enhancements in areas of executive control relative to age-matched monolingual children. The majority of these studies has tested children from a middle-class background and compared performance of bilinguals as a discrete group against monolinguals. The objective of the present study was to determine if cognitive enhancement from bilingualism is sensitive to the child's degree of bilingualism in a sample of eight- and nine-year old Spanish-English bilingual children of low socioeconomic status...
2018: International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755282/another-bilingual-advantage-perception-of-talker-voice-information
#11
Susannahv Levi
A bilingual advantage has been found in both cognitive and social tasks. In the current study, we examine whether there is a bilingual advantage in how children process information about who is talking (talker-voice information). Younger and older groups of monolingual and bilingual children completed the following talker-voice tasks with bilingual speakers: a discrimination task in English and German (an unfamiliar language), and a talker-voice learning task in which they learned to identify the voices of three unfamiliar speakers in English...
May 2018: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753107/the-neural-basis-of-free-language-choice-in-bilingual-speakers-disentangling-language-choice-and-language-execution
#12
Carlo Reverberi, Anna K Kuhlen, Shima Seyed-Allaei, R Stefan Greulich, Albert Costa, Jubin Abutalebi, John-Dylan Haynes
For everyday communication bilingual speakers need to face the complex task of rapidly choosing the most appropriate language given the context, maintaining this choice over the current communicative act, and shielding lexical selection from competing alternatives from non-target languages. Yet, speech production of bilinguals is typically flawless and fluent. Most of the studies available to date constrain speakers' language choice by cueing the target language and conflate language choice with language use...
May 9, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751619/language-experience-changes-audiovisual-perception
#13
Viorica Marian, Sayuri Hayakawa, Tuan Q Lam, Scott R Schroeder
Can experience change perception? Here, we examine whether language experience shapes the way individuals process auditory and visual information. We used the McGurk effect—the discovery that when people hear a speech sound (e.g., “ba”) and see a conflicting lip movement (e.g., “ga”), they recognize it as a completely new sound (e.g., “da”). This finding suggests that the brain fuses input across auditory and visual modalities demonstrates that what we hear is profoundly influenced by what we see...
May 11, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750350/living-in-two-worlds-how-jungian-am-i
#14
Helen Morgan
As a so-called 'Developmental Jungian' the author of this paper was raised bilingual - speaking both psychoanalytic and Jungian languages. Early on in her training an analysand brought a dream which seemed to capture an inherent tension regarding the analyst's role in the analytic relationship. The paper is a personal exploration of the potentially creative nature of this tension through focussing on the dream and the work with the dreamer.
June 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749861/portero-versus-portador-spanish-interpretation-of-genomic-terminology-during-whole-exome-sequencing-results-disclosure
#15
Amanda M Gutierrez, Jill O Robinson, Emily E Statham, Sarah Scollon, Katie L Bergstrom, Melody J Slashinski, Donald W Parsons, Sharon E Plon, Amy L McGuire, Richard L Street
AIM: Describe modifications to technical genomic terminology made by interpreters during disclosure of whole exome sequencing (WES) results. PATIENTS & METHODS: Using discourse analysis, we identified and categorized interpretations of genomic terminology in 42 disclosure sessions where Spanish-speaking parents received their child's WES results either from a clinician using a medical interpreter, or directly from a bilingual physician. RESULTS: Overall, 76% of genomic terms were interpreted accordantly, 11% were misinterpreted and 13% were omitted...
November 2017: Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746381/raising-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-monolingual-vs-bilingual-homes-a-scoping-review
#16
Michelle Wang, Thivia Jegathesan, Elizabeth Young, Joelene Huber, Ripudaman Minhas
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of children in Canada and the United States are raised in bilingual family homes. Current recommendations for typically developing children are to encourage and support bilingual exposure in the home; however, there are no specific guidelines for families of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), a disorder in which communication deficits are considered a hallmark feature. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to present a scoping review of studies that compare cognitive, linguistic, and behavioral outcomes for children with ASDs raised in monolingual vs bilingual homes...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746352/healthstart-an-innovative-pilot-model-promoting-diversity-in-nursing-education
#17
Julie A Vignato, Teresa Guinon
This article describes a pilot model for promoting diversity in prelicensure nursing education. The National League for Nursing calls on nursing education leadership to recruit, retain, and graduate diverse students to promote nursing diversity and decrease health disparities. Scaffolding contextualized learning through a learning community and "The Puente Project" bicultural and bilingual outreach guidelines were combined to create HealthStart. Retention rates increased by 23.5 percent in a predominately low socioeconomic, racially and ethnically diverse population...
May 9, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739491/formative-research-to-promote-the-get-healthy-information-and-coaching-service-ghs-in-the-australian-chinese-community
#18
Leonie Cranney, Li Ming Wen, Huilan Xu, Nancy Tam, Anna Whelan, Myna Hua, Nageen Ahmed
The free, telephone-based Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service (GHS) has made sustained improvements in healthy behaviours and weight change in the Australian population, but there is poor uptake of the GHS by culturally and linguistically diverse communities. This formative research study explored the Australian-Chinese community's awareness, perceptions and experiences of the GHS and their knowledge and cultural beliefs about healthy lifestyles. Conducted in Sydney, Australia, the research included 16 Chinese community-stakeholder interviews, a cross-sectional survey of 253 Chinese community members; and a review of Chinese participant GHS data...
May 9, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738270/association-between-pediatric-asthma-care-quality-and-morbidity-and-english-language-proficiency-in-ohio
#19
Martha P Montgomery, Elizabeth D Allen, Olivia Thomas, Byron F Robinson, Donnie Clark, Ann Connelly, Joshua A Mott, Elizabeth Conrey
OBJECTIVE: Limited English proficiency can be a barrier to asthma care and is associated with poor outcomes. This study examines whether pediatric patients in Ohio with limited English proficiency experience lower asthma care quality or higher morbidity. METHODS: We used electronic health records for asthma patients aged 2-17 years from a regional, urban, children's hospital in Ohio during 2011-2015. Community-level demographics were included from U.S. Census data...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733368/comparing-semantic-fluency-in-american-sign-language-and-english
#20
Zed Sevcikova Sehyr, Marcel R Giezen, Karen Emmorey
This study investigated the impact of language modality and age of acquisition on semantic fluency in American Sign Language (ASL) and English. Experiment 1 compared semantic fluency performance (e.g., name as many animals as possible in 1 min) for deaf native and early ASL signers and hearing monolingual English speakers. The results showed similar fluency scores in both modalities when fingerspelled responses were included for ASL. Experiment 2 compared ASL and English fluency scores in hearing native and late ASL-English bilinguals...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
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