keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bilingualism

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430846/a-case-of-bariatric-surgery-related-wernicke-korsakoff-syndrome-with-persisting-anterograde-amnesia
#1
Philip Gerard Gasquoine
Objective: To describe the theoretical and clinical implications of the neuropsychological evaluation of a case of bariatric surgery-related Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. Method: The patient was a 37-year old, female, bilingual, bachelor's degree educated, Mexican American public relations consultant without preexisting psychiatric, neurological, or substance abuse history. Recovery from laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy surgery for morbid obesity was complicated by intraabdominal abscess, multibacterial infection, and prolonged nausea and vomiting...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426797/is-bilingualism-losing-its-advantage-a-bibliometric-approach
#2
Victor A Sanchez-Azanza, Raúl López-Penadés, Lucía Buil-Legaz, Eva Aguilar-Mediavilla, Daniel Adrover-Roig
This study uses several bibliometric indices to explore the temporal course of publication trends regarding the bilingual advantage in executive control over a ten-year window. These indices include the number of published papers, numbers of citations, and the journal impact factor. According to the information available in their abstracts, studies were classified into one of four categories: supporting, ambiguous towards, not mentioning, or challenging the bilingual advantage. Results show that the number of papers challenging the bilingual advantage increased notably in 2014 and 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421645/grammaticality-differences-between-spanish-speaking-children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-their-typically-developing-peers
#3
Donna Jackson-Maldonado, Ricardo Maldonado
BACKGROUND: A limited number of studies have analyzed grammaticality in monolingual Spanish-speaking children with specific language impairment (SLI). Most of the available data are based on bilingual speakers. AIMS: To extend previous studies by doing a more detailed analysis of grammatical types in monolingual Spanish-speakers with and without SLI. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Forty-nine Spanish-speaking children (18 with SLI, 17 age-matched typically developing controls, 14 language-matched controls) were recruited from schools in Mexico and observed in a spontaneous narrative task...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421605/cholinergic-glutamatergic-co-transmission-in-striatal-cholinergic-interneurons-new-mechanisms-regulating-striatal-computation
#4
REVIEW
Ornela Kljakic, Helena Janickova, Vania F Prado, Marco A M Prado
It is well established that neurons secrete neuropeptides and ATP with classical neurotransmitters; however, certain neuronal populations are also capable of releasing two classical neurotransmitters by a process named co-transmission. Although there has been progress in our understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying co-transmission, the individual regulation of neurotransmitter secretion and the functional significance of this neuronal 'bilingualism' is still unknown. Striatal cholinergic interneurons (CINs) have been shown to secrete glutamate (Glu) in addition to acetylcholine (ACh) and are recognized for their role in the regulation of striatal circuits and behavior...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421023/editorial-phonology-in-the-bilingual-and-bidialectal-lexicon
#5
EDITORIAL
Isabelle Darcy, Annie Tremblay, Miquel Simonet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419062/single-center-study-investigating-foreign-language-acquisition-at-school-in-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-uni-or-bilateral-cochlear-implants-in-the-swiss-german-population
#6
Renske Beeres-Scheenstra, Claudia Ohnsorg, Claudia Candreia, Sybille Heinzmann, Susana Castellanos, Nicola De Min, Thomas E Linder
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate foreign language acquisition at school in cochlear implant patients. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: CI center. PATIENTS: Forty three cochlear implants (CI) patients (10-18 yr) were evaluated. CI nonusers and patients with CI-explantation, incomplete datasets, mental retardation, or concomitant medical disorders were excluded. INTERVENTION(S): Additional data (type of schooling, foreign language learning, and bilingualism) were obtained with questionnaires...
April 17, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418329/phoneme-error-pattern-by-heritage-speakers-of-spanish-on-an-english-word-recognition-test
#7
Lu-Feng Shi
BACKGROUND: Heritage speakers acquire their native language from home use in their early childhood. As the native language is typically a minority language in the society, these individuals receive their formal education in the majority language and eventually develop greater competency with the majority than their native language. To date, there have not been specific research attempts to understand word recognition by heritage speakers. It is not clear if and to what degree we may infer from evidence based on bilingual listeners in general...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415142/neural-correlates-of-cognitive-processing-in-monolinguals-and-bilinguals
#8
REVIEW
John G Grundy, John A E Anderson, Ellen Bialystok
Here, we review the neural correlates of cognitive control associated with bilingualism. We demonstrate that lifelong practice managing two languages orchestrates global changes to both the structure and function of the brain. Compared with monolinguals, bilinguals generally show greater gray matter volume, especially in perceptual/motor regions, greater white matter integrity, and greater functional connectivity between gray matter regions. These changes complement electroencephalography findings showing that bilinguals devote neural resources earlier than monolinguals...
April 17, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414851/-bilingual-guides-a-strategy-to-decrease-cultural-barriers-to-health-care-access-in-the-wayuu-communities-of-maicao-colombia
#9
Sandra Yaneth Patiño-Londoño, Javier Mignone, Diana María Castro-Arroyave, Natalia Gómez Valencia, Carlos Alberto Rojas Arbeláez
The article examines the use of bilingual guides to decrease cultural barriers to health care access in the Wayuu indigenous communities of Colombia. Within a larger project on HIV carried out between 2012 and 2014, 24 interviews were conducted with key actors in the administrative and health areas, including Wayuu bilingual guides. As a result of the qualitative analysis, the study identified three cultural barriers to health care access: a) language; b) the Wayuu worldview regarding the body, health, and illness; and c) information about sexual and reproductive health and HIV not adapted to the Wayuu culture...
July 2016: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414742/to-electrify-bilingualism-electrophysiological-insights-into-bilingual-metaphor-comprehension
#10
Katarzyna Jankowiak, Karolina Rataj, Ryszard Naskręcki
Though metaphoric language comprehension has previously been investigated with event-related potentials, little attention has been devoted to extending this research from the monolingual to the bilingual context. In the current study, late proficient unbalanced Polish (L1)-English (L2) bilinguals performed a semantic decision task to novel metaphoric, conventional metaphoric, literal, and anomalous word pairs presented in L1 and L2. The results showed more pronounced P200 amplitudes to L2 than L1, which can be accounted for by differences in the subjective frequency of the native and non-native lexical items...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414703/recruitment-methods-and-descriptive-results-of-a-physiologic-assessment-of-latino-farmworkers-the-california-heat-illness-prevention-study
#11
Diane C Mitchell, Javier Castro, Tracey L Armitage, Alondra J Vega-Arroyo, Sally C Moyce, Daniel J Tancredi, Deborah H Bennett, James H Jones, Tord Kjellstrom, Marc B Schenker
OBJECTIVE: The California heat illness prevention study (CHIPS) devised methodology and collected physiological data to assess heat related illness (HRI) risk in Latino farmworkers. METHODS: Bilingual researchers monitored HRI across a workshift, recording core temperature, work rate (metabolic equivalents [METs]), and heart rate at minute intervals. Hydration status was assessed by changes in weight and blood osmolality. Personal data loggers and a weather station measured exposure to heat...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414092/numbers-and-functional-lateralization-a-visual-half-field-and-dichotic-listening-study-in-proficient-bilinguals
#12
Michal Klichowski, Gregory Króliczak
Potential links between language and numbers and the laterality of symbolic number representations in the brain are still debated. Furthermore, reports on bilingual individuals indicate that the language-number interrelationships might be quite complex. Therefore, we carried out a visual half-field (VHF) and dichotic listening (DL) study with action words and different forms of symbolic numbers used as stimuli to test the laterality of word and number processing in single-, dual-language and mixed -task and language- contexts...
April 14, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410971/the-association-between-parity-and-inflammation-among-mexican-american-women-of-reproductive-age-varies-by-acculturation-level-results-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2006
#13
Natalya Rosenberg, Martha L Daviglus, Holli A DeVon, Chang Gi Park, Kamal Eldeirawi
INTRODUCTION: Parity and acculturation are linked with cardiometabolic risk. Their joint association with cardiometabolic health among Mexican-American women is less established, even though immigrant Mexican-American women have the highest fertility rate in the United States. We examined the modifying role of acculturation on the association of parity with a cardiometabolic risk biomarker, C-reactive protein (CRP). METHODS: Participants (n = 1,002) were women of Mexican background, ages 16 to 39 years, in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 1999 through 2006...
April 11, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409657/estimates-of-functional-cerebral-hemispheric-differences-in-monolingual-and-bilingual-people-who-stutter-dual-task-paradigm
#14
Myriam Kornisch, Michael P Robb, Richard D Jones
The inter-relationship of stuttering and bilingualism to functional cerebral hemispheric processing was examined on a dual-task paradigm. Eighty native German (L1) speakers, half of whom were sequential bilinguals (L2 = English), were recruited. The participants (mean age = 38.9 years) were organised into four different groups according to speech status and language ability: 20 bilinguals who stutter (BWS), 20 monolinguals who stutter (MWS), 20 bilinguals who do not stutter (BWNS), and 20 monolinguals who do not stutter (MWNS)...
April 14, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407510/implicit-co-activation-of-american-sign-language-in-deaf-readers-an-erp-study
#15
Gabriela Meade, Katherine J Midgley, Zed Sevcikova Sehyr, Phillip J Holcomb, Karen Emmorey
In an implicit phonological priming paradigm, deaf bimodal bilinguals made semantic relatedness decisions for pairs of English words. Half of the semantically unrelated pairs had phonologically related translations in American Sign Language (ASL). As in previous studies with unimodal bilinguals, targets in pairs with phonologically related translations elicited smaller negativities than targets in pairs with phonologically unrelated translations within the N400 window. This suggests that the same lexicosemantic mechanism underlies implicit co-activation of a non-target language, irrespective of language modality...
April 10, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405906/cross-linguistic-transfer-in-bilinguals-reading-in-two-alphabetic-orthographies-the-grain-size-accommodation-hypothesis
#16
REVIEW
Marie Lallier, Manuel Carreiras
Reading acquisition is one of the most complex and demanding learning processes faced by children in their first years of schooling. If reading acquisition is challenging in one language, how is it when reading is acquired simultaneously in two languages? What is the impact of bilingualism on the development of literacy? We review behavioral and neuroimaging evidence from alphabetic writing systems suggesting that early bilingualism modulates reading development. Particularly, we show that cross-linguistic variations and cross-linguistic transfer affect bilingual reading strategies as well as their cognitive underpinnings...
April 12, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405858/word-naming-in-bodo-assamese-bilinguals-the-role-of-semantic-context-cognate-status-second-language-age-of-acquisition-and-proficiency
#17
Sugandha Kaur
The current study investigated the effects of the semantic context, cognate status of the word and second language age of acquisition and proficiency in two word naming experiments (Experiment 1 and 2). Three groups of Bodo-Assamese bilinguals named cognate and non-cognate words in their first language, Bodo and second language, Assamese, which were presented in categorized and randomized lists. Experiment 1 demonstrated significant category interference for both cognate and non-cognate words; whereas, in Experiment 2, category interference was observed only in case of cognate words, indicating that naming in L2 was more prone to semantic effects...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399578/novel-morpheme-learning-in-monolingual-and-bilingual-children
#18
Margarita Kaushanskaya, Megan Gross, Enanna Sheena, Rachel Roman
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to examine the utility of a novel morpheme learning task for indexing typical language abilities in children characterized by diverse language backgrounds. Method: Three groups of 5- to 6-year-old children were tested: monolingual speakers of English, native speakers of Spanish who also spoke English (Spanish-L1 bilinguals), and native speakers of English who also spoke Spanish (English-L1 bilinguals). All children were taught a new derivational morpheme /ku/ marking part-whole distinction in conjunction with English nouns...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398070/psychosocial-factors-and-oral-health-practices-of-preschool-aged-children-a-qualitative-study-with-hispanic-mothers
#19
T L Finlayson, N Y Beltran, K Becerra
OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study sought to gain an in-depth understanding of Hispanic mother's parenting experiences and perceptions about select psychosocial factors. How psychosocial factors influence mothers' engagement in recommended oral health-related behaviors for their preschool-aged children (3-5 years) was explored. Psychosocial resources and barriers explored included maternal knowledge about children's oral health, beliefs such as perceived self-efficacy and health locus of control, and parenting experience and stress...
April 11, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392680/validation-of-the-veritas-pro-treatment-adherence-scale-in-a-spanish-sample-population-with-hemophilia
#20
Rubén Cuesta-Barriuso, Ana Torres-Ortuño, Pilar Galindo-Piñana, Joaquín Nieto-Munuera, Natalie Duncan, José Antonio López-Pina
PURPOSE: We aimed to conduct a validation in Spanish of the Validated Hemophilia Regimen Treatment Adherence Scale - Prophylaxis (VERITAS-Pro) questionnaire for use in patients with hemophilia under prophylactic treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The VERITAS-Pro scale was adapted through a process of back translation from English to Spanish. A bilingual native Spanish translator translated the scale from English to Spanish. Subsequently, a bilingual native English translator translated the scale from Spanish to English...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
keyword
keyword
43803
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"