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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206789/modulation-of-language-switching-by-cue-timing-implications-for-models-of-bilingual-language-control
#1
Asaid Khateb, Rana Shamshoum, Anat Prior
The current study examines the interplay between global and local processes in bilingual language control. We investigated language-switching performance of unbalanced Arabic-Hebrew bilinguals in cued picture naming, using 5 different cuing parameters. The language cue could precede the picture, follow it, or appear simultaneously with it. Naming latencies were reduced with precuing, demonstrating bilinguals' ability to globally modulate language activation, and more strongly reduced with postcuing, demonstrating bilinguals' ability to locally activate lemmas in both languages...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198314/bilingual-people-are-better-at-managing-dementia
#2
(no author information available yet)
People who speak two or more languages cope better with the symptoms of dementia, new research suggests.
February 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196376/autism-and-bilingualism-a-qualitative-interview-study-of-parents-perspectives-and-experiences
#3
Sarah Hampton, Hugh Rabagliati, Antonella Sorace, Sue Fletcher-Watson
Purpose: Research into how bilingual parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) make choices about their children's language environment is scarce. This study aimed to explore this issue, focusing on understanding how bilingual parents of children with ASD may make different language exposure choices compared with bilingual parents of children without ASD. Method: Semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted with 17 bilingual parents with a child with ASD and 18 bilingual parents with a typically developing (TD) child...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192276/abortion-health-services-in-canada-results-of-a-2012-national-survey
#4
Wendy V Norman, Edith R Guilbert, Christopher Okpaleke, Althea S Hayden, E Steven Lichtenberg, Maureen Paul, Katharine O'Connell White, Heidi E Jones
OBJECTIVE: To determine the location of Canadian abortion services relative to where reproductive-age women reside, and the characteristics of abortion facilities and providers. DESIGN: An international survey was adapted for Canadian relevance. Public sources and professional networks were used to identify facilities. The bilingual survey was distributed by mail and e-mail from July to November 2013. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 94 abortion facilities were identified...
April 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191505/correlates-of-health-communication-preferences-in-a-multiethnic-population-of-pregnant-women-and-mothers-of-young-children
#5
Katrina Daoud, Audra Gollenberg, Kim Fendley
BACKGROUND: As posited in multiple health communication theories, it is vital to understand modern health communication preferences among communities in order to develop tailored interventions to reduce Infant Mortality (IM). Literature suggests that health communication inequalities play an important role in infant health knowledge gaps, thus contributing to the disparate IM rates. We sought to understand preferred methods of communication among expectant or mothers of young children of varying sociodemographics...
March 2016: J Health Educ Res Dev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190537/further-evidence-that-d-glycerate-kinase-gk-deficiency-is-a-benign-disorder
#6
Attia Kalim, Patricia Fitzsimons, Claudia Till, Malkanthi Fernando, Philip Mayne, Jorn Oliver Sass, Ellen Crushell
d-Glyceric aciduria is caused by deficiency in d-glycerate kinase (GK) due to recessive mutations in the GLYCTK gene. GK catalyzes the conversion of d-glycerate to 2-phosphoglycerate which is an intermediary reaction in the catabolism of serine and fructose. Deficiency of GK leads to accumulation of d-glycerate, which may be detected in urine organic acid analysis. Debate exists as to whether this is a benign or disease-causing disorder as the reported phenotypes vary significantly. We report two siblings from a consanguineous Pakistani family...
February 9, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189046/identifying-cortical-first-and-second-language-sites-via-navigated-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-of-the-left-hemisphere-in-bilinguals
#7
Lorena Tussis, Nico Sollmann, Tobias Boeckh-Behrens, Bernhard Meyer, Sandro M Krieg
The cortical areas that code for the first (L1) and second language (L2) in bilinguals have still not been sufficiently explored. Thus, this study investigated the left-hemispheric distribution of the L1 and L2 using repetitive navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), in combination with an object-naming task, in 10 healthy, right-handed volunteers. In particular, higher error rates (ERs) were observed in the L1, and there was a statistically significant difference between the ERs of L1 and L2 for no-response errors (L1 mean 11...
February 8, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188279/deaf-hard-of-hearing-and-hearing-signing-undergraduates-attitudes-toward-science-in-inquiry-based-biology-laboratory-classes
#8
Cara Gormally
For science learning to be successful, students must develop attitudes toward support future engagement with challenging social issues related to science. This is especially important for increasing participation of students from underrepresented populations. This study investigated how participation in inquiry-based biology laboratory classes affected students' attitudes toward science, focusing on deaf, hard-of-hearing, and hearing signing students in bilingual learning environments (i.e., taught in American Sign Language and English)...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187201/patient-self-reported-concerns-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-a-gender-specific-subjective-quality-of-life-indicator
#9
Valérie Pittet, Carla Vaucher, Florian Froehlich, Bernard Burnand, Pierre Michetti, Michel H Maillard
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported disease perceptions are important components to be considered within a holistic model of quality of care. Gender may have an influence on these perceptions. We aimed to explore gender-specific concerns of patients included in a national bilingual inflammatory bowel disease cohort. METHODS: Following a qualitative study, we built a questionnaire comprising 37 items of concern. Answers were collected on a visual analog scale ranging from 0 to 100...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170406/youth-as-contested-sites-of-culture-the-intergenerational-acculturation-gap-amongst-new-migrant-communities-parental-and-young-adult-perspectives
#10
Andre M N Renzaho, Nidhi Dhingra, Nichole Georgeou
BACKGROUND: Immigration often results in changes in family dynamics, and within this process of dynamic relational adjustment youth can be conceptualised as contested sites of culture and associated intergenerational conflicts. This paper considers the experiences of migrant youth in Greater Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia using conflict as a useful lens through which to view issues of migrant youth identity and their sense of social connectedness, belonging, and agency. The aim of this study was twofold: 1) to explore how migrant youth cope with acculturative stress and intergenerational conflicts, and 2) to better understand the systemic and family-related factors that facilitate positive settlement experiences for migrant youth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170111/the-effects-of-lifelong-cognitive-lifestyle-on-executive-function-in-older-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#11
John V Hindle, Pamela A Martin-Forbes, Anthony Martyr, Alexandra J M Bastable, Kirstie L Pye, Virginia C Mueller Gathercole, Enlli M Thomas, Linda Clare
OBJECTIVE: Active lifelong cognitive lifestyles increase cognitive reserve and have beneficial effects on global cognition, cognitive decline and dementia risk in Parkinson's disease (PD). Executive function is particularly impaired even in early PD, and this impacts on quality of life. The effects of lifelong cognitive lifestyle on executive function in PD have not been studied previously. This study examined the association between lifelong cognitive lifestyle, as a proxy measure of cognitive reserve, and executive function in people with PD...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169419/age-of-bilingual-exposure-is-related-to-the-contribution-of-phonological-and-semantic-knowledge-to-successful-reading-development
#12
Kaja K Jasińska, Laura-Ann Petitto
Bilingual children's reading as a function of age of first bilingual language exposure (AoE) was examined. Bilingual (varied AoE) and monolingual children (N = 421) were compared in their English language and reading abilities (6-10 years) using phonological awareness, semantic knowledge, and reading tasks. Structural equation modeling was applied to determine how bilingual AoE predicts reading outcomes. Early exposed bilinguals outperformed monolinguals on phonological awareness and word reading. Phonology and semantic (vocabulary) knowledge differentially predicted reading depending on the bilingual experience and AoE...
February 7, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168394/understanding-falls-risk-and-impacts-in-chinese-american-older-patients-at-a-community-health-center
#13
Susan Huang, Thomas Duong, Liss Ieong, Thu Quach
While falls are highly prevalent and costly for older adults, little is known about falls for Asian Americans. Using a custom, evidence-based, bilingual fall risk assessment and management tool, our study examined the prevalence of falls among older Chinese-speaking patients at a community health center. We identified the risks for falls and explored an association of fall risk with emergency room (ER) and hospital use in this population. The setting was at a community health center in Oakland, CA. Participants included 839 older Asian American adults (ages 65-80 years) who spoke Cantonese/Mandarin...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167120/switching-direction-affects-switching-costs-behavioral-erp-and-time-frequency-analyses-of-intra-sentential-codeswitching
#14
Kaitlyn A Litcofsky, Janet G van Hell
Bilinguals have the unique ability to produce utterances that switch between languages. Most language switching research has focused on isolated, unrelated items, which emphasizes separation of the languages. Fewer studies examined the cognitive and neural mechanisms of switching languages in natural discourse. The present study examined the effect of codeswitching direction on the comprehension of intra-sentential codeswitching in Spanish-English bilinguals, using self-paced reading behavioral measurements (Experiment 1) and electroencephalography (EEG) measurements (Experiment 2), analyzed via both event-related potentials (ERPs) and time-frequency analysis (TFR)...
February 3, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166843/the-emergence-of-phonetic-categories-in-korean-english-bilingual-children
#15
Sue Ann S Lee, Gregory K Iverson
The present study examined the speech production of three-year-old Korean-English bilingual (KEB) children. English and Korean stops, as well as front vowels in both languages, were compared acoustically among the KEB children, then also measured against those of their age-equivalent monolingual counterparts. Evidence of distinctive phonetic categorization in bilingual children was more salient in vowels than in stops. Vowels and stops produced by the bilingual children were not significantly different from those of their monolingual counterparts...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166169/spanish-translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-american-academy-of-orthopaedic-surgeons-foot-and-ankle-outcomes-questionnaire-in-mexican-americans-with-traumatic-foot-and-ankle-injuries
#16
Boris A Zelle, Ben S Francisco, James P Bossman, Roberto J Fajardo, Mohit Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Hispanics represent the largest minority group within the US population accounting for an estimated 55.4 million individuals. Enrolling Hispanics into clinical outcome studies is important in order for study populations to be externally valid and representative of the US population. Inclusion of Mexican-Americans in clinical studies is frequently limited by the lack of validated outcome measures. The goal of this study was to validate a Spanish version of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Foot and Ankle Outcomes Questionnaire (AAOS-FAOQ) in Mexican-Americans with traumatic foot and ankle injuries...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165169/english-as-a-foreign-language-in-bilingual-language-minority-children-children-with-dyslexia-and-monolingual-typical-readers
#17
Paola Bonifacci, Elisa Canducci, Giulia Gravagna, Paola Palladino
The present study was aimed at investigating literacy skills in English as a foreign language in three different groups of children: monolinguals with dyslexia (n = 19), typically developing bilinguals (language-minority) (n = 19) and a control group of monolinguals (Italian) (n = 76). Bilinguals were not expected to fail in English measures, and their gap with monolinguals would be expected to be limited to the instructional language, owing to underexposure. All participants were enrolled in Italian primary schools (fourth and fifth grades)...
February 6, 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160286/novel-word-learning-in-bilingual-and-monolingual-infants-evidence-for-a-bilingual-advantage
#18
Leher Singh, Charlene S L Fu, Zhi Wen Tay, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff
Previous studies revealing that monolingual and bilingual infants learn similar sounding words with comparable success are largely based on prior investigations involving single-feature changes in the onset consonant of a word. There have been no investigations of bilingual infants' abilities to learn similar sounding words differentiated by vowels. In the current study, 18-month-old bilingual and monolingual infants (n = 90) were compared on their sensitivity to a vowel change when learning the meanings of words...
February 3, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156032/learning-across-languages-bilingual-experience-supports-dual-language-statistical-word-segmentation
#19
Dylan M Antovich, Katharine Graf Estes
Bilingual acquisition presents learning challenges beyond those found in monolingual environments, including the need to segment speech in two languages. Infants may use statistical cues, such as syllable-level transitional probabilities, to segment words from fluent speech. In the present study we assessed monolingual and bilingual 14-month-olds' abilities to segment two artificial languages using transitional probability cues. In Experiment 1, monolingual infants successfully segmented the speech streams when the languages were presented individually...
February 3, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152342/ambient-intelligence-framework-for-real-time-speech-to-sign-translation
#20
Mwaffaq Otoom, Mohammad A Alzubaidi
Sign language can be used to facilitate communication with and between deaf or hard of hearing (Deaf/HH). With the advent of video streaming applications in smart TVs and mobile devices, it is now possible to use sign language to communicate over worldwide networks. In this article, we develop a prototype assistive device for real-time speech-to-sign translation. The proposed device aims at enabling Deaf/HH people to access and understand materials delivered in mobile streaming videos through the applications of pipelined and parallel processing for real-time translation, and the application of eye-tracking based user-satisfaction detection to support dynamic learning to improve speech-to-signing translation...
February 2, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
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