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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516819/temporal-features-of-word-initial-s-stop-clusters-in-bilingual-mandarin-english-children-and-monolingual-english-children-and-adults
#1
Jing Yang
This study investigated the durational features of English word-initial /s/+stop clusters produced by bilingual Mandarin (L1)-English (L2) children and monolingual English children and adults. The participants included two groups of five- to six-year-old bilingual children: low proficiency in the L2 (Bi-low) and high proficiency in the L2 (Bi-high), one group of age-matched English children, and one group of English adults. Each participant produced a list of English words containing /sp, st, sk/ at the word-initial position followed by /a, i, u/, respectively...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516209/foreign-language-effect-and-psychological-distance
#2
Hong Im Shin, Juyoung Kim
Does using a foreign language result in forming different moral decisions than using our mother tongue? Two studies were conducted to investigate whether there is a relationship between foreign language effects (differences between native vs. foreign language conditions) and psychological distance. Study 1 tested four moral dilemmas adapted from Greene et al. (Cognition 107: 1144-1155, 2008). Non-fluent Korean-English bilingual participants (N = 161) indicated decisions regarding four moral dilemmas in either Korean or English languages...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513102/how-bilingualism-protects-the-brain-from-aging-insights-from-bimodal-bilinguals
#3
Le Li, Jubin Abutalebi, Karen Emmorey, Gaolang Gong, Xin Yan, Xiaoxia Feng, Lijuan Zou, Guosheng Ding
Bilingual experience can delay cognitive decline during aging. A general hypothesis is that the executive control system of bilinguals faces an increased load due to controlling two languages, and this increased load results in a more "tuned brain" that eventually creates a neural reserve. Here we explored whether such a neuroprotective effect is independent of language modality, i.e., not limited to bilinguals who speak two languages but also occurs for bilinguals who use a spoken and a signed language. We addressed this issue by comparing bimodal bilinguals to monolinguals in order to detect age-induced structural brain changes and to determine whether we can detect the same beneficial effects on brain structure, in terms of preservation of gray matter volume (GMV), for bimodal bilinguals as has been reported for unimodal bilinguals...
May 17, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508116/comparing-visual-search-and-eye-movements-in-bilinguals-and-monolinguals
#4
Ileana Ratiu, Michael C Hout, Stephen C Walenchok, Tamiko Azuma, Stephen D Goldinger
Recent research has suggested that bilinguals show advantages over monolinguals in visual search tasks, although these findings have been derived from global behavioral measures of accuracy and response times. In the present study we sought to explore the bilingual advantage by using more sensitive eyetracking techniques across three visual search experiments. These spatially and temporally fine-grained measures allowed us to carefully investigate any nuanced attentional differences between bilinguals and monolinguals...
May 15, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506324/preposition-accuracy-on-a-sentence-repetition-task-in-school-age-spanish-english-bilinguals
#5
Casey L Taliancich-Klinger, Lisa M Bedore, Elizabeth D Peña
Preposition knowledge is important for academic success. The goal of this project was to examine how different variables such as English input and output, Spanish preposition score, mother education level, and age of English exposure (AoEE) may have played a role in children's preposition knowledge in English. 148 Spanish-English children between 7;0 and 9;11 produced prepositions in English and Spanish on a sentence repetition task from an experimental version of the Bilingual English Spanish Assessment Middle Extension (Peña, Bedore, Gutierrez-Clellen, Iglesias & Goldstein, in development)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505217/effect-of-combined-patient-decision-aid-and-patient-navigation-vs-usual-care-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-a-vulnerable-patient-population-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Daniel S Reuland, Alison T Brenner, Richard Hoffman, Andrew McWilliams, Robert L Rhyne, Christina Getrich, Hazel Tapp, Mark A Weaver, Danelle Callan, Laura Cubillos, Brisa Urquieta de Hernandez, Michael P Pignone
Importance: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is underused, especially among vulnerable populations. Decision aids and patient navigation are potentially complementary interventions for improving CRC screening rates, but their combined effect on screening completion is unknown. Objective: To determine the combined effect of a CRC screening decision aid and patient navigation compared with usual care on CRC screening completion. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this randomized clinical trial, data were collected from January 2014 to March 2016 at 2 community health center practices, 1 in North Carolina and 1 in New Mexico, serving vulnerable populations...
May 15, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504582/endoscopic-clip-mri-screening-a-canada-wide-policy-survey
#7
Fabio Accorsi, Geneviève Coutu, Emily-Lauren Simms, Alain Lalonde, David A Leswick
OBJECTIVE: Not all endoscopically placed clips are MRI compatible, so screening for endoscopic clips before MRI is recommended. The purpose of this study was to assess endoscopic clip screening practices at Canadian MRI centers, including number of centers that screen, specific screening methods, perceived safety of endoscopic clip models, and practices for dealing with confirmed gastrointestinal endoscopic clips. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A bilingual online survey was distributed to Canadian MRI centers to assess site demographics, endoscopic clip screening practices, safety considerations for different endoscopic clip models, protocols for dealing with patients with endoscopic clips, and the perceived value of screening...
May 15, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496423/the-inhibitory-mechanism-in-learning-ambiguous-words-in-a-second-language
#8
Yao Lu, Junjie Wu, Susan Dunlap, Baoguo Chen
Ambiguous words are hard to learn, yet little is known about what causes this difficulty. The current study aimed to investigate the relationship between the representations of new and prior meanings of ambiguous words in second language (L2) learning, and to explore the function of inhibitory control on L2 ambiguous word learning at the initial stage of learning. During a 4-day learning phase, Chinese-English bilinguals learned 30 novel English words for 30 min per day using bilingual flashcards. Half of the words to be learned were unambiguous (had one meaning) and half were ambiguous (had two semantically unrelated meanings learned in sequence)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495598/mental-arithmetic-in-the-bilingual-brain-language-matters
#9
Amandine Van Rinsveld, Laurence Dricot, Mathieu Guillaume, Bruno Rossion, Christine Schiltz
How do bilinguals solve arithmetic problems in each of their languages? We investigated this question by exploring the neural substrates of mental arithmetic in bilinguals. Critically, our population was composed of a homogeneous group of adults who were fluent in both of their instruction languages (i.e., German as first instruction language and French as second instruction language). Twenty bilinguals were scanned with fMRI (3T) while performing mental arithmetic. Both simple and complex problems were presented to disentangle memory retrieval occuring in very simple problems from arithmetic computation occuring in more complex problems...
May 8, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490323/lifetime-prevalence-of-mental-disorders-among-first-and-second-generation-individuals-with-turkish-migration-backgrounds-in-germany
#10
Demet Dingoyan, Holger Schulz, Ulrike Kluge, Simone Penka, Azra Vardar, Alessa von Wolff, Jens Strehle, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Uwe Koch, Andreas Heinz, Mike Mösko
BACKGROUND: This paper focuses on the lifetime prevalence of mental disorders in individuals with Turkish migration backgrounds in Germany, as there is a lack of reliable epidemiological data on this subject. METHODS: In total, 662 adults with Turkish migration backgrounds were interviewed in Hamburg and Berlin by trained, bilingual interviewers using the computerized Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI DIA-X Version 2.8) to assess diagnoses according to the DSM-IVTR...
May 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484403/cognitive-advantages-of-bilingual-children-in-different-sociolinguistic-contexts
#11
Elma Blom, Tessel Boerma, Evelyn Bosma, Leonie Cornips, Emma Everaert
Many studies have shown that bilingual children outperform monolinguals on tasks testing executive functioning, but other studies have not revealed any effect of bilingualism. In this study we compared three groups of bilingual children in the Netherlands, aged 6-7 years, with a monolingual control group. We were specifically interested in testing whether the bilingual cognitive advantage is modulated by the sociolinguistic context of language use. All three bilingual groups were exposed to a minority language besides the nation's dominant language (Dutch)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481658/the-effects-of-bilingual-status-on-lexical-comprehension-and-production-in-maltese-five-year-old-children-a-litmus-clt-study
#12
Daniela Gatt, Donna Attard, Magdalena Łuniewska, Ewa Haman
This article investigates whether the bilingual status of 56 typically developing children aged 60-69 months influenced their lexical abilities. The participants were identified as Maltese-dominant (Me) (n = 21), English-dominant (Em) (n = 15) and balanced bilingual (ME) (n = 20) on the basis of language exposure and proficiency, as reported by their parents. Comprehension and production of nouns and verbs were measured using Cross-Linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT) in Maltese (CLT-MT) and British English (CLT-EN)...
May 8, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481641/quantitative-and-qualitative-differences-in-the-lexical-knowledge-of-monolingual-and-bilingual-children-on-the-litmus-clt-task
#13
Carmit Altman, Tamara Goldstein, Sharon Armon-Lotem
While bilingual children follow the same milestones of language acquisition as monolingual children do in learning the syntactic patterns of their second language (L2), their vocabulary size in L2 often lags behind compared to monolinguals. The present study explores the comprehension and production of nouns and verbs in Hebrew, by two groups of 5- to 6-year olds with typical language development: monolingual Hebrew speakers (N = 26), and Russian-Hebrew bilinguals (N = 27). Analyses not only show quantitative gaps between comprehension and production and between nouns and verbs, with a bilingual effect in both, but also a qualitative difference between monolinguals and bilinguals in their production errors: monolinguals' errors reveal knowledge of the language rules despite temporary access difficulties, while bilinguals' errors reflect gaps in their knowledge of Hebrew (L2)...
May 8, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479786/study-of-sleep-disorders-among-young-children-using-hindi-translated-and-validated-version-of-pediatric-sleep-questionnaire
#14
Ravi Gupta, Ramjan Ali, Sunanda Verma, Kriti Joshi, Mohan Dhyani, Kanchan Bhasin, Neha Bhasin, Jatin Goyal
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of sleep disorders among children aging between 4 and 9 years using Hindi version of Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ). METHODS: This study had two parts first, translation and validation of PSQ into Hindi language, and second, assessment of the prevalence of sleep disorders using PSQ Hindi version. Hindi PSQ was distributed in randomly chosen primary schools in a semi-urban area. The children were requested to get them filled by their parents...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478786/in-few-words-linguistic-gap-but-adequate-narrative-structure-in-preschool-bilingual-children
#15
Paola Bonifacci, Margherita Barbieri, Marta Tomassini, Maja Roch
The aim of this study was to compare linguistic and narrative skills of monolingual and bilingual preschoolers and to estimate linguistic predictors of the macro-structural level of narratives. A battery of linguistic measures in Italian was administered to sixty-four Monolinguals and sixty-four Early Bilinguals; it included Vocabulary, Phonological Awareness, Morphosyntactic Comprehension, Phonological Memory, Letter Knowledge, and Story Sequencing tasks. The narratives produced in the Story Sequencing task were coded...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474423/development-and-validation-of-a-chinese-medication-literacy-measure
#16
Ying-Chih Yeh, Hsiang-Wen Lin, Elizabeth H Chang, Yen-Ming Huang, Yu-Chieh Chen, Chun-Yu Wang, Jen-Wei Liu, Yu Ko
BACKGROUND: Despite the impact of medication literacy (ML) on patients' safe use of medications, existing instruments are mostly for general health literacy measurement or designed for specific disease populations, with few specifically designed for ML. OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate the first Chinese medication literacy measure (ChMLM). METHODS: The ChMLM was developed by a multidisciplinary and bilingual expert panel and subsequently pilot-tested...
May 5, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473786/effects-of-working-memory-capacity-and-tasks-in-processing-l2-complex-sentence-evidence-from-chinese-english-bilinguals
#17
Huixia Zhou, Sonja Rossi, Baoguo Chen
Two experiments aimed at investigating how working memory capacity (WMC) related to processing wh-extractions in both a grammatical judgment and a translation task by using the Operation Span task. A self-paced paradigm was used to collect response times and accuracy rates. In Experiment 1, results showed that high WMC was related to faster grammatical judgment of the critical region in subject- and object-extractions. In Experiment 2, high WMC was only related to high accuracy in translating wh-extractions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460130/patient-and-provider-perspectives-on-the-potential-value-and-use-of-a-bilingual-online-patient-portal-in-a-spanish-speaking-safety-net-population
#18
Alejandro Ochoa, Ken Kitayama, Sebastian Uijtdehaage, Michelle Vermillion, Michael Eaton, Felix Carpio, Martin Serota, Michael E Hochman
Objective: To assess patient and provider perspectives on the potential value and use of a bilingual patient portal in a large safety-net health system serving predominantly Spanish-speaking patients. Materials and Methods: We captured patient and provider perspectives through the administration of surveys to assess Internet access, barriers, and facilitators to patient portal adoption, along with portal preferences. We report on these survey results using descriptive and comparative statistics...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458090/is-susceptibility-to-cross-language-interference-domain-specific
#19
Anat Prior, Tamar Degani, Sehrab Awawdy, Rana Yassin, Nachshon Korem
The ability to overcome interference from the first-language (L1) is a source of variability in second language (L2) achievement, which has to date been explored mainly in same-script bilinguals. Such interference management, and bilingual language control more generally, have recently been linked to domain general executive functions (EF). In the current study, we examined L2 proficiency and executive functions as possible predictors of susceptibility to L1 interference during L2 processing, in bilinguals whose languages do not share an orthographic system...
April 27, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456615/a-pilot-study-of-trabajadora-de-salud-a-lay-health-worker-intervention-for-latinas-os-with-traumatic-brain-injuries-and-their-caregivers
#20
Kristen F Linton, Bum Jung Kim
BACKGROUND: Latinas/os with traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) and their caregivers experience worse outcomes than others. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to assess the acceptability and promise of Trabajadora de Salud on the functional abilities, hospital readmission, rehabilitation, employment, depression, somatic symptoms, and caregiver burden among Latinas/os with TBIs and their caregivers. METHODS: A pre-posttest experimental pilot study was conducted...
April 21, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
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