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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690472/redescription-and-new-records-of-ontholestes-brasilianus-bernhauer-1906-coleoptera-staphylinidae-staphylininae
#1
VinÍcius Costa-Silva, AngÉlico Asenjo, Alfred F Newton, Patricia J Thyssen
The genus Ontholestes Ganglbauer includes 35 species distributed mainly in Eurasia, with a few additional species in Africa and North and South America (Herman, 2001; Yang Zhou, 2012; Smetana Shavrin, 2013; Rougemont, 2016). According to Asenjo et al. (2013), the South American record of the Palearctic species Ontholestes murinus (Linnaeus, 1758) for Brazil made by J. Guérin (1953) seems doubtful. Ontholestes murinus was recorded for the first time outside the Palaearctic region by Smetana (1981), from Newfoundland, in Canada, as an adventive species (e...
February 28, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689959/diphyllobothrium-stemmacephalum-cobbold-1858-diphyllobothriidea-from-common-bottlenose-dolphin-tursiops-truncatus-montagu-from-the-texas-gulf-coast-usa
#2
Sophia M SÁnchez, Liat Y Goldstein, Norman O Dronen
Cobbold (1858) established Diphyllobothrium Cobbold, 1858 with the description of Diphyllobothrium stemmacephalum Cobbold, 1858 from the common harbor porpoise, Phocoena phocoena (Linnaeus) (Phocoenidae), from the North Sea off Scotland. Diphyllobothrium stemmacephalum typically has been reported from a number of Phocoenidae and Delphinidae hosts from a variety of localities: common harbor porpoise from the northern Atlantic Ocean, Baltic Sea and Black sea (e.g. Cobbold, 1858; Delyamure 1955; Delyamure 1968; Delyamure 1971; Delyamure et al...
February 15, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688882/disparity-in-public-funding-of-therapies-for-metastatic-castrate-resistant-prostate-cancer-across-canadian-provinces
#3
Dixon T S Woon, Thenappan Chandrasekar, Lorne Aaron, Naveen S Basappa, Kim N Chi, Henry J Conter, Brita Danielson, Sebastien J Hotte, Shawn Malone, Fred Saad, Bobby Shayegan, Laura Park-Wyllie, Robert J Hamilton
INTRODUCTION: Treatment using abiraterone acetate, enzalutamide, cabazitaxel, and radium-223 (Ra-223) improve overall survival (OS) and quality of life for patients with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Despite their proven benefits, access to these therapies is not equal across Canada. METHODS: We describe provincial differences in access to approved mCRPC therapies. Data sources include the pan-Canadian Oncology Drug Review database, provincial cancer care resources, and correspondence with pharmaceutical companies...
April 12, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686493/hospitalizations-due-to-self-poisoning-at-a-canadian-paediatric-hospital
#4
Roger Chafe, Rana Aslanova, Omer Hamud, Peter Gregory, Leigh Anne Newhook
Background: Adolescent self-harm by drug ingestion (i.e., self-poisoning) is a serious mental health issue. In Newfoundland and Labrador (NL), paediatricians suspected an increase in the number of adolescents hospitalized due to self-poisoning in the province. Our primary aim was to evaluate the number of hospital admissions of adolescents for self-poisoning between 2008 and 2013 to determine whether there was indeed an increase in hospitalizations. We also wanted to examine the characteristics of these admissions to better understand this patient population...
April 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609893/evaluation-of-the-characteristics-of-a-workplace-assessment-form-to-assess-entrustable-professional-activities-epas-in-an-undergraduate-surgery-core-clerkship
#5
Vernon R Curran, Diana Deacon, Henry Schulz, Katherine Stringer, Craig N Stone, Norah Duggan, Heidi Coombs-Thorne
OBJECTIVE: Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) are explicit, directly observable tasks requiring the demonstration of specific knowledge, skills, and behaviors that learners are expected to perform without direct supervision once they have gained sufficient competence. Undergraduate level implementation of EPAs is relatively new. We examined the characteristics of a workplace assessment form (clinic card) as part of a formative programmatic assessment process of EPAs for a core undergraduate surgery rotation...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595343/on-the-persistence-and-detectability-of-ancient-beothuk-mitochondrial-dna-genomes-in-living-first-nations-peoples
#6
Ashley Collier, Steven M Carr
Claims have long been made as to the survival to the present day of descendants of the Newfoundland Beothuk, a group generally accepted to have become extinct with the death of the last known member, Shanawdithit, in 1829. Interest has recently been revived by the availability of commercial genetic testing, which some claim can assign living individuals to specific Native American groups. We compare complete mitogenome sequences (16569 bp) from aDNA of eight distinct Beothuk lineages, including Shanawdithit's uncle Nonosabasut and his wife Demasduit, with three Newfoundland Mi'kmaq lineages and 21 other living Native Americans drawn from GenBank...
March 29, 2018: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582745/regional-differences-in-aortic-valve-replacements-atlantic-canadian-experience
#7
Connor McGuire, Alexandra M Yip, Jeffrey B MacLeod, Vernon Paddock, Sohrab Lutchmedial, Najef Nadeem, Greg Hirsch, Corey Adams, Kevin Melvin, Sean Connors, Ansar Hassan, Jean-François Légaré
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is evolving rapidly and is increasingly being adopted in the treatment of aortic valve disease. The goal of this study was to examine regional differences in surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and TAVI across Atlantic Canada. METHODS: We identified all patients who underwent SAVR or TAVI between Jan. 1, 2010, and Dec. 31, 2014, in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador. Data obtained included patient demographic characteristics and surgical procedure details...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548259/does-rural-generalist-focused-medical-school-and-family-medicine-training-make-a-difference-memorial-university-of-newfoundland-outcomes
#8
James Rourke, Shabnam Asghari, Oliver Hurley, Mohamed Ravalia, Michael Jong, Wendy Graham, Wanda Parsons, Norah Duggan, Danielle O'Keefe, Scott Moffatt, Katherine Stringer, Carolyn Sturge Sparkes, Janelle Hippe, Kristin Harris Walsh, Donald McKay, Asoka Samarasena
INTRODUCTION: Rural recruitment and retention of physicians is a global issue. The Faculty of Medicine at Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada, was established as a rural-focused medical school with a social accountability mandate that aimed to meet the healthcare needs of a sparse population distributed over a large landmass as well as the needs of other rural and remote areas of Canada. This study aimed to assess whether Memorial medical degree (MD) and postgraduate (PG) programs were effective at producing physicians for their province and rural physicians for Canada compared with other Canadian medical schools...
March 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548258/from-pipelines-to-pathways-the-memorial-experience-in-educating-doctors-for-rural-generalist-practice
#9
James Rourke, Shabnam Asghari, Oliver Hurley, Mohamed Ravalia, Michael Jong, Wanda Parsons, Norah Duggan, Katherine Stringer, Danielle O'Keefe, Scott Moffatt, Wendy Graham, Carolyn Sturge Sparkes, Janelle Hippe, Kristin Harris Walsh, Donald McKay, Asoka Samarasena
CONTEXT: This report describes the community context, concept and mission of The Faculty of Medicine at Memorial University of Newfoundland (Memorial), Canada, and its 'pathways to rural practice' approach, which includes influences at the pre-medical school, medical school experience, postgraduate residency training, and physician practice levels. Memorial's pathways to practice helped Memorial to fulfill its social accountability mandate to populate the province with highly skilled rural generalist practitioners...
March 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540400/pathways-to-rural-family-practice-at-memorial-university-of-newfoundland
#10
James Rourke, Danielle O'Keefe, Mohamed Ravalia, Scott Moffatt, Wanda Parsons, Norah Duggan, Katherine Stringer, Michael Jong, Kristin Harris Walsh, Janelle Hippe
OBJECTIVE: To assess Memorial University of Newfoundland's (MUN's) commitment to a comprehensive pathways approach to rural family practice, and to determine the national and provincial effects of applying this approach. DESIGN: Analysis of anonymized secondary data. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Memorial's medical degree (MD) graduates practising family medicine in Newfoundland and Labrador as of January 2015 (N = 305), MUN's 2011 and 2012 MD graduates (N = 120), and physicians who completed family medicine training programs in Canada between 2004 and 2013 and who were practising in Canada 2 years after completion of their postgraduate training (N = 8091)...
March 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527309/association-of-type-1-diabetes-and-concentrations-of-drinking-water-components-in-newfoundland-and-labrador-canada
#11
Roger Chafe, Rana Aslanov, Atanu Sarkar, Peter Gregory, Alex Comeau, Leigh Anne Newhook
Objective: To determine the association between drinking water quality and rates of type 1 diabetes in the Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) population, which has one of the highest incidences of type 1 diabetes reported globally. Research design and methods: The study used a community-based, case-control design. We first calculated incidence rates of type 1 diabetes at the provincial, regional and community levels. The connection between incidence rates and components in public water supplies were then analyzed in three ways: to evaluate differences in water quality between communities with and without incident cases of type 1 diabetes, and to analyze the relationship between water quality and incidence rates of type 1 diabetes at both the community and regional levels...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503784/management-of-cold-water-induced-hypothermia-a-simulation-scenario-for-layperson-training-delivered-via-a-mobile-tele-simulation-unit
#12
Cody L Dunne, Michael Parsons
Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) has one of the highest provincial drowning rates in Canada, largely due to the many rural communities located near bodies of water. Factor in the province's cold climate (average NL's freshwater temperature is below 5.4°C)and the prevalence of winter recreational activities among the population, there exists an inherent risk of ice-related injuries and subsequent hypothermia. Oftentimes, these injuries occur in remote/rural settings where immediate support from Emergency Medical Services (EMS) may not be available...
December 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494586/an-evolutionary-learning-and-network-approach-to-identifying-key-metabolites-for-osteoarthritis
#13
Ting Hu, Karoliina Oksanen, Weidong Zhang, Ed Randell, Andrew Furey, Guang Sun, Guangju Zhai
Metabolomics studies use quantitative analyses of metabolites from body fluids or tissues in order to investigate a sequence of cellular processes and biological systems in response to genetic and environmental influences. This promises an immense potential for a better understanding of the pathogenesis of complex diseases. Most conventional metabolomics analysis methods exam one metabolite at a time and may overlook the synergistic effect of combining multiple metabolites. In this article, we proposed a new bioinformatics framework that infers the non-linear synergy among multiple metabolites using a symbolic model and subsequently, identify key metabolites using network analysis...
March 1, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486467/atypia-of-undetermined-significance-in-thyroid-fine-needle-aspirations-follow-up-and-outcome-experience-in-newfoundland-canada
#14
Polycarp Erivwo, Chandrani Ghosh
INTRODUCTION: The rates of atypia of undetermined significance (AUS) by fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and malignant outcomes have been estimated at < 7% and 5-15%, respectively. Initial AUS diagnosis is followed up clinically with serial ultrasounds, repeat FNA, molecular testing, or direct surgery. We investigated the incidence, follow-up modalities, and final outcomes of AUS in Newfoundland. METHODS: All cases of AUS diagnosed at the Eastern Health Cytology Laboratory between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2013 were identified...
February 27, 2018: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472178/telegerontology-as-a-novel-approach-to-address-health-and-safety-by-supporting-community-based-rural-dementia-care-triads-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#15
Elizabeth M Wallack, Chelsea Harris, Michelle Ploughman, Roger Butler
BACKGROUND: Telegerontology is an approach using videoconferencing to connect an interdisciplinary team in a regional specialty center to patients in rural communities, which is becoming increasingly practical for addressing current limitations in rural community-based dementia care. OBJECTIVE: Using the remotely-delivered expertise of the Telegerontology dementia care team, we aim to enhance the caregiver/patient/physician triad and thereby provide the necessary support for the person with dementia to "age in place...
February 22, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462191/higher-serum-choline-and-betaine-levels-are-associated-with-better-body-composition-in-male-but-not-female-population
#16
Xiang Gao, Edward Randell, Haicheng Zhou, Guang Sun
BACKGROUND: Animal studies proved that choline and betaine have beneficial effect on reducing body fat. However, evidence in humans is scarce. We aim to investigate the association between serum choline and betaine levels with body composition in general population. METHODS: This is an observational cross-sectional study performed in 1081 subjects from the CODING (Complex Disease in Newfoundland population: Environment and Genetics) study. Serum choline and betaine levels were measured based on liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry technology...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450888/spatiotemporal-heterogeneity-in-prey-abundance-and-vulnerability-shapes-the-foraging-tactics-of-an-omnivore
#17
Nathaniel D Rayl, Guillaume Bastille-Rousseau, John F Organ, Matthew A Mumma, Shane P Mahoney, Colleen E Soulliere, Keith P Lewis, Robert D Otto, Dennis L Murray, Lisette P Waits, Todd K Fuller
1.Prey abundance and prey vulnerability vary across space and time, but we know little about how they mediate predator-prey interactions and predator foraging tactics. To evaluate the interplay between prey abundance, prey vulnerability, and predator space use, we examined patterns of black bear (Ursus americanus) predation of caribou (Rangifer tarandus) neonates in Newfoundland, Canada using data from 317 collared individuals (9 bears, 34 adult female caribou, 274 caribou calves). 2.During the caribou calving season, we predicted that landscape features would influence calf vulnerability to bear predation, and that bears would actively hunt calves by selecting areas associated with increased calf vulnerability...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434416/what-do-patients-with-chronic-spinal-pain-expect-from-their-physiotherapist
#18
Steven J Kamper, Tsjitske M Haanstra, Kathy Simmons, Mike Kay, Tony G J Ingram, Jeannette Byrne, Jenna M Roddick, Alissa Setliff, Amanda M Hall
Purpose: Evidence has suggested that patients' expectations influence the clinical course when they present with low back pain (LBP). However, little empirical evidence has outlined the nature of these expectations. The aim of this study was to describe LBP patients' expectations of physiotherapy. Method: Seventy-nine adult patients who had LBP for more than 16 weeks and were referred for physiotherapy at two hospital physiotherapy departments in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, were included. They filled out a questionnaire detailing their expectations of treatment...
2018: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410875/energyscapes-and-prey-fields-shape-a-north-atlantic-seabird-wintering-hotspot-under-climate-change
#19
F Amélineau, J Fort, P D Mathewson, D C Speirs, N Courbin, S Perret, W P Porter, R J Wilson, D Grémillet
There is an urgent need for a better understanding of animal migratory ecology under the influence of climate change. Most current analyses require long-term monitoring of populations on the move, and shorter-term approaches are needed. Here, we analysed the ecological drivers of seabird migration within the framework of the energyscape concept, which we defined as the variations in the energy requirements of an organism across geographical space as a function of environmental conditions. We compared the winter location of seabirds with their modelled energy requirements and prey fields throughout the North Atlantic...
January 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402218/diabetes-and-the-occurrence-of-infection-in-primary-care-a-matched-cohort-study
#20
Waseem Abu-Ashour, Laurie K Twells, James E Valcour, John-Michael Gamble
BACKGROUND: People with diabetes may be at higher risk for acquiring infections through both glucose-dependent and biologic pathways independent of glycemic control. Our aim was to estimate the association between diabetes and infections occurring in primary care. METHODS: Using the Newfoundland and Labrador Sentinel of the Canadian Primary Care Sentinel Surveillance Network, patients with diabetes ≥18 years between 1 January 2008 and 31 March 2013 were included with at least 1-year of follow-up...
February 5, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
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