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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182888/psychometric-assessment-and-precision-remodeling-of-the-iowa-infant-feeding-attitude-scale-to-improve-clinical-use-and-efficacy-among-prenatal-women-in-canada
#1
Nouf M AlKusayer, William K Midodzi, Leigh Anne Newhook, Lorraine Burrage, Nicole Gill, Beth Halfyard, Laurie K Twells
BACKGROUND: The 17-item Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) has been widely used to assess maternal attitudes toward infant feeding and to predict breastfeeding intention. The IIFAS has been validated among prenatal women located in Newfoundland and Labrador in Canada, although its length may prove challenging to complete in a clinical setting. Research aim: The authors aimed to reduce the number of items from the original 17-item IIFAS scale while maintaining reliability and validity...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177032/stable-isotopes-can-be-used-to-infer-the-overwintering-locations-of-prebreeding-marine-birds-in-the-canadian-arctic
#2
Rolanda J Steenweg, Glenn T Crossin, T Kurt Kyser, Flemming R Merkel, H Grant Gilchrist, Holly L Hennin, Gregory J Robertson, Jennifer F Provencher, Joanna Mills Flemming, Oliver P Love
Although assessments of winter carryover effects on fitness-related breeding parameters are vital for determining the links between environmental variation and fitness, direct methods of determining overwintering distributions (e.g., electronic tracking) can be expensive, limiting the number of individuals studied. Alternatively, stable isotope analysis in specific tissues can be used as an indirect means of determining individual overwintering areas of residency. Although increasingly used to infer the overwintering distributions of terrestrial birds, stable isotopes have been used less often to infer overwintering areas of marine birds...
November 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167983/climate-change-can-alter-predator-prey-dynamics-and-population-viability-of-prey
#3
Guillaume Bastille-Rousseau, James A Schaefer, Michael J L Peers, E Hance Ellington, Matthew A Mumma, Nathaniel D Rayl, Shane P Mahoney, Dennis L Murray
For many organisms, climate change can directly drive population declines, but it is less clear how such variation may influence populations indirectly through modified biotic interactions. For instance, how will climate change alter complex, multi-species relationships that are modulated by climatic variation and that underlie ecosystem-level processes? Caribou (Rangifer tarandus), a keystone species in Newfoundland, Canada, provides a useful model for unravelling potential and complex long-term implications of climate change on biotic interactions and population change...
November 22, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120316/weighing-in-on-canadian-school-based-vision-screening-a-call-for-action
#4
Katie P Bennett, Wendy Maloney
Vision-screening programs are designed to detect common causes of visual impairment and increase the likelihood of early diagnosis and treatment. In the health authority Eastern Health - Newfoundland and Labrador, public health leaders raised a concern about the efficiency and effectiveness of the current non-routine, opportunistic vision screening protocol for school-aged children. An environmental scan of screening practices and programs across Canada was conducted, yielding a wide range of inconsistencies with respect to program type, target population, and screening tools...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097477/complete-genome-sequence-of-exiguobacterium-sp-strain-n4-1p-a-psychrophilic-bioemulsifier-producer-isolated-from-a-cold-marine-environment-in-north-atlantic-canada
#5
Qinhong Cai, Xudong Ye, Bing Chen, Baiyu Zhang
Here, we present the complete genome sequence of Exiguobacterium sp. strain N4-1P, a psychrophilic bacterium that produces bioemulsifier, isolated for the first time from petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated sediment samples from shoreline Newfoundland, Canada. Many strains of the genus Exiguobacterium are extremophiles and have properties of biotechnological interest.
November 2, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096710/putting-research-in-place-an-innovative-approach-to-providing-contextualized-evidence-synthesis-for-decision-makers
#6
Stephen Bornstein, Rochelle Baker, Pablo Navarro, Sarah Mackey, David Speed, Melissa Sullivan
BACKGROUND: The Contextualized Health Research Synthesis Program (CHRSP), developed in 2007 by the Newfoundland and Labrador Centre for Applied Health Research, produces contextualized knowledge syntheses for health-system decision makers. The program provides timely, relevant, and easy-to-understand scientific evidence; optimizes evidence uptake; and, most importantly, attunes research questions and evidence to the specific context in which knowledge users must apply the findings. METHODS: As an integrated knowledge translation (KT) method, CHRSP: Involves intensive partnerships with senior healthcare decision makers who propose priority research topics and participate on research teams; Considers local context both in framing the research question and in reporting the findings; Makes economical use of resources by utilizing a limited number of staff; Uses a combination of external and local experts; and Works quickly by synthesizing high-level systematic review evidence rather than primary studies...
November 2, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071254/breast-cancer-surgical-treatment-choices-in-newfoundland-and-labrador-canada-patient-and-surgeon-perspectives
#7
Etchegary Holly, Dicks Elizabeth, McCrate Farah, Powell Erin, Chafe Joanne, Roome Rebecca, Simmonds Charlene
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer remains the second-leading cause of cancer death among Canadian women. Treatment for breast cancer often includes surgery. Many women have a choice between mastectomy (MT; removal of the entire breast) or breast conserving surgery (BCS; removal of the tumour and some noncancerous breast tissue) followed by radiation. However, Newfoundland and Labrador consistently has a higher rate of mastectomies than the rest of Canada. In this project, we aim to better understand that trend...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066016/the-impact-of-access-barriers-on-fertility-treatment-decision-making-a-qualitative-study-from-the-perspectives-of-patients-and-service-providers
#8
Erika Maxwell, Maria Mathews, Shree Mulay
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore how barriers to accessing fertility services affect the treatment decisions made by fertility patients and service providers in Newfoundland and Labrador. METHODS: Semistructured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 11 patients across Newfoundland and with eight service providers from Newfoundland and Labrador Fertility Services (located in St. John's) to gather the perspectives of both patients and providers...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065293/genetics-ancient-dna-clarifies-population-histories-of%C3%A2-the-northeastern-margin-of-north-america
#9
Jennifer Raff
A new study of ancient mitochondrial DNA from Newfoundland and Labrador indicates that this region at the northeastern margin of North America was populated three times in succession by different indigenous groups. This research helps shed light on the movement of populations across the continent, following the initial peopling of the Americas.
October 23, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056071/hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-novel-model-of-care-and-an-integrative-strategy-to-adopt-an-orphan-disease
#10
Wayne Gulliver, Ian D R Landells, David Morgan, Syed Pirzada
Unnecessary investigations, inappropriate treatment, worsening disease, and frustration for both patients and health care professionals are the hallmarks of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) management. In light of a new treatment algorithm and biologic therapies made available to patients, an HS model of care is outlined in this article. The recommendations and management strategy presented here have been developed to help address the currently unmet needs of this patient population. The patient-centred model of care and disease management strategies were developed through the guidance and recommendations of HS medical experts in Newfoundland and Labrador...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054883/the-role-of-patient-and-physician-advocacy-in-reducing-wait-times-for-cancer-care-a-qualitative-analysis
#11
Maria Mathews, Donna Bulman, Dana Ryan
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in the role of physician as health advocate; however, few studies have documented advocacy from the patient's perspective. To address this gap, we examined the experiences of patients with cancer from the onset of symptoms to the start of treatment in Newfoundland and Labrador and aimed to describe wait times and efforts to improve timeliness of care from the patients' perspective. METHODS: We conducted qualitative interviews with 60 participants aged 19 years or more with breast, colorectal, lung or prostate cancer who were recruited from a survey of patients with cancer that was carried out as an earlier part of a larger study...
October 17, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038862/examining-spatial-patterns-of-selection-and-use-for-an-altered-predator-guild
#12
Matthew A Mumma, Joseph D Holbrook, Nathaniel D Rayl, Christopher J Zieminski, Todd K Fuller, John F Organ, Shane P Mahoney, Lisette P Waits
Anthropogenic disturbances have altered species' distributions potentially impacting interspecific interactions. Interference competition is when one species denies a competing species access to a resource. One mechanism of interference competition is aggression, which can result in altered space-use of a subordinate species due to the threat of harm, otherwise known as a 'landscape of fear'. Alternatively, subordinates might outcompete dominant species in resource-poor environments via a superior ability to extract resources...
December 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033326/genetic-discontinuity-between-the-maritime-archaic-and-beothuk-populations-in-newfoundland-canada
#13
Ana T Duggan, Alison J T Harris, Stephanie Marciniak, Ingeborg Marshall, Melanie Kuch, Andrew Kitchen, Gabriel Renaud, John Southon, Ben Fuller, Janet Young, Stuart Fiedel, G Brian Golding, Vaughan Grimes, Hendrik Poinar
Situated at the furthest northeastern edge of Canada, the island of Newfoundland (approximately 110,000 km(2)) and Labrador (approximately 295,000 km(2)) today constitute a province characterized by abundant natural resources but low population density. Both landmasses were covered by the Laurentide ice sheet during the Last Glacial Maximum (18,000 years before present [YBP]); after the glacier retreated, ice patches remained on the island until ca. 9,000 calibrated (cal) YBP [1]. Nevertheless, indigenous peoples, whose ancestors had trekked some 5,000 km from the west coast, arrived approximately 10,000 cal YBP in Labrador and ca...
October 23, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033168/rocky-shoreline-protocols-miss-microplastics-in-marine-debris-surveys-fogo-island-newfoundland-and-labrador
#14
Matt McWilliams, Max Liboiron, Yolanda Wiersma
Most anthropogenic marine debris shoreline studies are conducted on sandy shores, rather than rocky coastlines. We amended a standardized protocol for monitoring marine debris on a high-loading beach composed of small rocks and cobbles in Newfoundland, Canada. Our protocol had two parts: we conducted stratified sampling to a depth of ~20cm below the surface of the rocks (standing survey), and surveyed accumulation of items on the surface of rocks every other day (loading survey). We found the vast majority of smaller items were below the surface...
October 12, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986347/relation-between-family-physician-retention-and-avoidable-hospital-admission-in-newfoundland-and-labrador-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#15
John C Knight, Maria Mathews, Kris Aubrey-Bassler
BACKGROUND: Physician turnover, involving physicians' leaving clinical practice in a specific area, may disrupt continuity of care, leading to poorer health outcomes and greater use of health care services. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between family physician retention and avoidable hospital admission for ambulatory-care-sensitive conditions. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study using provincial health administrative data for residents of Newfoundland and Labrador who held a provincial health card between 2001 and 2009...
October 6, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941611/quality-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-care-in-canada-a-10-year-review-of-30-day-in-hospital-mortality-and-30-day-hospital-readmission
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Dat T Tran, Robert C Welsh, Arto Ohinmaa, Nguyen X Thanh, Akshay Bagai, Padma Kaul
BACKGROUND: The recently released Canadian cardiac care quality indicators include 30-day in-hospital mortality and readmission rates after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We examined long-term trends and provincial variations in these outcomes among acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. METHODS: We included patients aged 18 years and older who were hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of AMI between 2004 and 2013 in all Canadian provinces except Quebec...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935611/introduction-of-canine-parvovirus-2-into-wildlife-on-the-island-of-newfoundland-canada
#17
Marta Canuti, Bruce Rodrigues, Hugh G Whitney, Andrew S Lang
Canine parvovirus-2 (CPV-2) and feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) (species Carnivore protoparvovirus 1, family Parvoviridae) cause a severe gastrointestinal disease associated with immune depression in a broad range of terrestrial carnivores. We report here the first molecular epidemiological investigation of protoparvoviruses on the Island of Newfoundland, Canada. In particular, we investigated red foxes (Vulpes vulpes deletrix) and lynx (Lynx canadensis subsolanus), two autochthonous species, and coyotes (Canis latrans), which immigrated onto the island during the 1980s...
September 18, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910256/an-introduction-to-the-healthy-corner-store-intervention-model-in-canada
#18
Catherine L Mah, Leia M Minaker, Kristie Jameson, Lissie Rappaport, Krystal Taylor, Marketa Graham, Natalie Moody, Brian Cook
SETTING: The majority of Canadians' food acquisition occurs in retail stores. Retail science has become increasingly sophisticated in demonstrating how consumer environments influence population-level diet quality and health status. The retail food environment literature is new but growing rapidly in Canada, and there is a relative paucity of evidence from intervention research implemented in Canada. INTERVENTION: The healthy corner store model is a comprehensive complex population health intervention in small retail stores, intended to transform an existing business model to a health-promoting one through intersectoral collaboration...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870481/inflammatory-diet-and-risk-for-colorectal-cancer-a-population-based-case-control-study-in-newfoundland-canada
#19
Ishor Sharma, Yun Zhu, Jennifer R Woodrow, Shree Mulay, Patrick S Parfrey, John R Mclaughlin, James R Hebert, Nitin Shivappa, Yuming Li, Xin Zhou, Peizhong Peter Wang
OBJECTIVE: Chronic inflammation is implicated in causing cancer. Diet plays an important role in regulating chronic inflammation by altering circulating levels of inflammatory biomarkers. Effect of single food or nutrient on cancer often is inconclusive; perhaps due to dietary interactions and multicolinearity. The aim of this study was to determine prediagnostic inflammatory potential of overall diet in relation to risk for colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: In all, 547 patients with CRC from Newfoundland Familial Colorectal Cancer Registry and 685 controls from the general population were identified...
October 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858757/association-between-perceptions-of-public-drinking-water-quality-and-actual-drinking-water-quality-a-community-based-exploratory-study-in-newfoundland-canada
#20
Benjamin Ochoo, James Valcour, Atanu Sarkar
Studying public perception on drinking water quality is crucial for managing of water resources, generation of water quality standards, and surveillance of the drinking-water quality. However, in policy discourse, the reliability of public perception concerning drinking water quality and associated health risks is questionable. Does the public perception of water quality equate with the actual water quality? We investigated public perceptions of water quality and the perceived health risks and associated with the actual quality of public water supplies in the same communities...
November 2017: Environmental Research
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