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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773137/microsatellite-pattern-analysis-of-neospora-caninum-from-a-naturally-infected-goat-fetus
#1
Lucía María Campero, María Laura Gos, Dadin Prando Moore, Javier Regidor-Cerrillo, Juan Manuel Unzaga, Gastón Moré, Luis Miguel Ortega-Mora, María Cecilia Venturini
Neospora caninum is an apicomplexan protozoan responsible for abortion in ruminants. The present study aimed to diagnose an abortion from an Anglo Nubian goat from a dairy herd located in Buenos Aires province, Argentina. The goat delivered a fetus of approximately 3 months gestation that was studied by indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT), Immunoblot (IB), histopathology (HP), immunohistochemistry (IHC), and molecular assays (PCR, sequencing and microsatellite genotyping). Interferon gamma knock-out mice were inoculated with a pool of tissues for isolation attempts...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769098/wing-morphometrics-of-aedes-ochlerotatus-albifasciatus-macquart-1838-diptera-culicidae-from-different-climatic-regions-of-argentina
#2
Maximiliano J Garzón, Nicolás Schweigmann
BACKGROUND: Gene flow restrictions between populations of Aedes albifasciatus, the vector of Western equine encephalitis and Dirophilaria immitis, have been described in the central region of Argentina. Genetic and eco-physiological variations usually result in local forms reflecting the climatic regions. Mosquito wings and their different parts have ecological functions in flight and communication. Therefore, wing shape could be considered an aspect of sexual dimorphism, and its eco-physiological responses can be expressed as morphological changes induced by the environment...
May 16, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765114/evaluation-of-the-utility-of-a-rapid-test-for-syphilis-at-a-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinic-in-buenos-aires-argentina
#3
Lucía Gallo Vaulet, Nicolás Morando, Ricardo Casco, Asunta Melgar, Silvia Nacher, Marcelo Rodríguez Fermepin, María A Pando
Even though syphilis can be easily diagnosed by simple and low-cost laboratory methods, it continues to be an important health problem. Rapid tests (RT) for the detection of treponemal antibodies can facilitate earlier diagnosis, access to treatment and linkage to care. The aim of this study was to analyse the usefulness of the incorporation of a RT in the detection of patients infected with T. pallidum in a sexually-transmitted disease (STD) clinic. Between March and December 2015, a syphilis RT was offered to patients who spontaneously attended the clinic...
May 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764170/all-with-you-a-new-method-for-developing-compassionate-communities-experiences-in-spain-and-latin-america
#4
Silvia Librada Flores, Emilio Herrera Molina, Jaime Boceta Osuna, Rafael Mota Vargas, María Nabal Vicuña
BACKGROUND: In recent years, compassion has motivated the development of programs oriented to create communities and societies involved in the relief of suffering. The development of compassionate communities and cities begins in each one of us, though it relies on organizations, providers and societies as a whole who need tools and methodologies as a part of a set of actions to help compassionate communities and cities to become a reality rooted widely in social values. In order to describe the "All with You®" methodology and its components: a method designed to develop compassionate communities and cities at the end of life that can be extended to organizations, communities, municipalities, cities or countries...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757594/transport-ivf-icsi-results-of-a-25-year-experience
#5
Fernanda G E Raffo, Jorge Blaquier
OBJECTIVE: This report presents a summary of the outcomes achieved at ART center FERTILAB in Buenos Aires, Argentina, with transport IVF-ICSI for 25 years (1990-2014). METHODS: This report included all patients submitted to oocyte retrieval for IVF-ICSI whose oocytes were transported from sites of aspiration located 0.5-58 kilometers away from the central laboratory. The numeric data herein reported were taken from annual reports submitted by our institution (Fertilab) and, for purposes of comparison, by all Argentinian centers to the Latin American Registry of Assisted Reproduction (RLA) within the same time period...
May 14, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756728/-hydatid-disease-in-children-of-buenos-aires-province
#6
Pilar Álvarez, Nicolás Castiglione, Sergio Moreno, Jorge Bolpe
Hydatidosis is a parasitic zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus. It is endemic in Argentina and in the province of Buenos Aires, especially to the south of the Rio Salado basin. During 2014 and 2016, the Department of Rural Zoonoses was notified of 479 cases of hydatidosis, with 12.1% confirmed in children under 18 years of age. Fifty-nine percent corresponded to males and the group of 13 to 17 years was the most prevalent one (47%). Sixty-four percent had liver involvement, 22% pulmonary involvement, 5% hepatopulmonary involvement, 5% splenic involvement and 4% cerebral involvement...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756709/strategies-of-blind-children-to-achieve-cognitive-development-a-qualitative-study
#7
Elsa I Bei, Alicia Oiberman, Daniela Teisseire, Jorgelina Barres
INTRODUCTION: Studying the cogni t ive development of blind children is particularly interesting in itself and because it provides intervention guidelines. The etiology of blindness is heterogeneous but this does not hinder the possibility of establishing the characteristics typical of its development. If these children acquire language at approximately 2 years, it means the last stage of sensorimotor intelligence has been achieved. OBJECTIVE: To determine the strategies that blind infants and toddlers adopt during the sensorimotor period to achieve an adequate level of development...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756704/cerebrospinal-fluid-shunt-associated-infections-in-pediatrics-analysis-of-the-epidemiology-and-mortality-risk-factors
#8
Soledad González, Mirta Carbonaro, Ana G Fedullo, María I Sormani, María Del C Ceinos, Roberto González, María T Rosanova
INTRODUCTION: Infections are the most common complications of ventricular cerebrospinal fluid shunts. The objective of this study was to describe the clinical, microbiological, and evolutionary characteristics of children with ventricular cerebrospinal fluid shunt-associated infections and analyze the risk factors for mortality. POPULATION AND METHODS: Descriptive, retrospective study carried out at Hospital "Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan" in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756702/non-nutritive-sweeteners-children-and-adolescent-consumption-and-food-sources
#9
María B Garavaglia, Vanesa Rodríguez García, María E Zapata, Alicia Rovirosa, Verónica González, Florencia Flax Marcó, Esteban Carmuega
The availability of food and beverages with non-nutritive sweeteners (NNSs) has increased in recent years. OBJECTIVES: To estimate NNSs consumption among children and adolescents in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, the prevalence of a daily intake higher than acceptable, and the main food and beverages contributing to it. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive study about the information collected in the First Food and Nutritional/Nutrition Survey of Buenos Aires City, which was conducted in 2011 and included 2664 children and adolescents aged 2-18 years...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754710/attributional-biases-in-psychiatric-patients-a-religious-and-a-control-group-in-the-assessment-of-a-hallucinatory-experience-the-white-christmas-test
#10
Alejandro Parra, Gianina Maschi
The aim of this study was to evaluate the auditory hallucinatory experience in a clinical sample of patients with psychiatric symptoms (e.g. Schizophrenia), a religious group (eg. Christians) and a "control" group (with no mental disorder and non-religious). The sample consisted of individuals of both sexes. The patient sample was recruited in two psychiatric hospitals of Buenos Aires City, the religious from an evangelical cult, and people with no religious beliefs or previous psychiatric symptoms (control group)...
April 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751894/potential-effects-of-climate-change-on-the-risk-of-accidents-with-poisonous-species-of-the-genus-tityus-scorpiones-buthidae-in-argentina
#11
Pablo Ariel Martinez, Mayane Alves Andrade, Claudio Juan Bidau
The temporal pattern of co-occurrence of human beings and venomous species (scorpions, spiders, snakes) is changing. Thus, the temporal pattern of areas with risk of accidents with such species tends to become dynamic in time. We analyze the areas of occurrence of species of Tityus in Argentina and assess the impact of global climate change on their area of distribution by the construction of risk maps. Using data of occurrence of the species and climatic variables, we constructed models of species distribution (SMDs) under current and future climatic conditions...
June 2018: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750236/method-for-evaluation-of-transverse-dimension-in-self-ligating-orthodontic-treatment-a-comparative-study
#12
Alejandra Folco, Sandra Benítez-Rogé, Diana Calabrese, Marina Iglesias, María Lumi, Pedro Hetch, María E Mateu
Knowledge of the best way to evaluate changes in transverse dimension produced by orthodontic treatment enables the estimation of potential space that may be generated and optimizes planning. The aim of this study was to compare two methods for measuring changes in transverse dimension following tooth alignment by passive self-ligating system: Method 1 (M1) considering palatal landmarks and Method 2 (M2) considering dental landmarks. Subjects were 12 patients of both sexes, aged 15 to 24 years old, with moderate crowding (Nance discrepancy -4 to -6 mm), who were treated with the Damon System at the Department of Orthodontics of the School of Dentistry, Buenos Aires University...
December 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749596/-jose-ingenieros-and-the-amusias-the-beginning-of-the-neuropsychology-in-argentina
#13
REVIEW
R F Allegri, F N Roman
The Argentine neuropsychological school is born of the hand of the European school and is part of the beginning of the Experimental Psychology. In 1896 Horacio Pinero creates the first Department of Psychology at the University of Buenos Aires and in 1898 the first laboratory of Experimental Psychology is annexed. Jose Ingeniero, psychiatrist, neurologist, politician and above all sociologist publishes in France his work about the musical aphasia, the first neuropsychological work with international significance...
May 16, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742242/argentina-alzheimer-s-disease-neuroimaging-initiative-arg-adni-neuropsychological-evolution-profile-after-one-year-follow-up
#14
Patricio Chrem Méndez, Ismael Calandri, Federico Nahas, María Julieta Russo, Ignacio Demey, María Eugenia Martín, María Florencia Clarens, Paula Harris, Fernanda Tapajoz, Jorge Campos, Ezequiel I Surace, Horacio Martinetto, Fernando Ventrice, Gabriela Cohen, Silvia Vázquez, Carlos Romero, Salvador Guinjoan, Ricardo F Allegri, Gustavo Sevlever
The Argentina-Alzheimer's disease neuroimaging initiative (Arg-ADNI) study is a longitudinal prospective cohort of 50 participants at a single institution in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Longitudinal assessments on a neuropsychological test battery were performed on 15 controls, 24 mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients and 12 Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia patients. In our study population, there was a high prevalence of positive AD biomarkers in the AD group, 92.3% (12/13); and a low prevalence in the normal controls, 20%; almost half (48%) of the patients diagnosed with MCI had positive amyloid detection...
April 2018: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742219/assessment-of-delirium-using-the-pre-deliric-model-in-an-intensive-care-unit-in-argentina
#15
Fernando Ariel Sosa, Javier Roberti, Margarita Tovar Franco, María Mercedes Kleinert, Agustina Risso Patrón, Javier Osatnik
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence of and risk factors for delirium in the intensive care unit of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Argentina and to conduct the first non-European study exploring the performance of the PREdiction of DELIRium in ICu patients (PRE-DELIRIC) model. METHODS: Prospective observational study in a 20-bed intensive care unit of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The PRE-DELIRIC model was applied to 178 consecutive patients within 24 hours of admission to the intensive care unit; delirium was assessed with the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU)...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727984/impact-of-potato-cultivation-and-cattle-farming-on-physicochemical-parameters-and-enzymatic-activities-of-neotropical-high-andean-p%C3%A3-ramo-ecosystem-soils
#16
Lizeth Manuela Avellaneda-Torres, Tomás Enrique León Sicard, Esperanza Torres Rojas
The Andean Páramos are high mountain ecosystems whose soils are essential for the management of South American water resources, but research on anthropic impacts to these soils is currently minimal and insufficient. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impacts of potato (Solanum tuberosum) cultivation and livestock on the physicochemical parameters and enzymatic activities that determine the soil quality of the Neotropical high Andean Páramo ecosystem in the Nevados National Natural Park (Nevados NNP) in Colombia...
August 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722580/reliability-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-wheelchair-skills-test-4-2-for-manual-wheelchair-users-with-spinal-cord-injury
#17
Diego Passuni, Elisa Dalzotto, Christian F Gath, Eliana Buffetti, Milagros Elizalde, Verónica Jarmoluk, Maria J Russo, Silvia Intruvini, Lisandro E Olmos, Orestes Freixes
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: The majority of people with a spinal cord injury (SCI) are dependent on wheelchair for their mobility. Approximately, 36% of wheelchair users reported that obstacles such as curbs, uneven terrain, flooring surfaces and thresholds were barriers to mobility. Several studies have shown that assessment and training of wheelchair skills leads to improvements in those skills. The purpose of our study was to translate the Wheelchair Skill Test (4...
May 3, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715266/population-structure-in-argentina
#18
Marina Muzzio, Josefina M B Motti, Paula B Paz Sepulveda, Muh-Ching Yee, Thomas Cooke, María R Santos, Virginia Ramallo, Emma L Alfaro, Jose E Dipierri, Graciela Bailliet, Claudio M Bravi, Carlos D Bustamante, Eimear E Kenny
We analyzed 391 samples from 12 Argentinian populations from the Center-West, East and North-West regions with the Illumina Human Exome Beadchip v1.0 (HumanExome-12v1-A). We did Principal Components analysis to infer patterns of populational divergence and migrations. We identified proportions and patterns of European, African and Native American ancestry and found a correlation between distance to Buenos Aires and proportion of Native American ancestry, where the highest proportion corresponds to the Northernmost populations, which is also the furthest from the Argentinian capital...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696642/air-pollution-and-incidence-of-cancers-of-the-stomach-and-the-upper-aerodigestive-tract-in-the-european-study-of-cohorts-for-air-pollution-effects-escape
#19
Gabriele Nagel, Massimo Stafoggia, Marie Pedersen, Zorana J Andersen, Claudia Galassi, Jule Munkenast, Andrea Jaensch, Johan Sommar, Bertil Forsberg, David Olsson, Bente Oftedal, Norun H Krog, Geir Aamodt, Andrei Pyko, Göran Pershagen, Michal Korek, Ulf De Faire, Nancy L Pedersen, Claes-Göran Östenson, Laura Fratiglioni, Mette Sørensen, Anne Tjønneland, Petra H Peeters, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Roel Vermeulen, Marloes Eeftens, Michelle Plusquin, Timothy J Key, Hans Concin, Alois Lang, Meng Wang, Ming-Yi Tsai, Sara Grioni, Alessandro Marcon, Vittorio Krogh, Fulvio Ricceri, Carlotta Sacerdote, Andrea Ranzi, Giulia Cesaroni, Francesco Forastiere, Ibon Tamayo-Uria, Pilar Amiano, Miren Dorronsoro, Kees de Hoogh, Rob Beelen, Paolo Vineis, Bert Brunekreef, Gerard Hoek, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Gudrun Weinmayr
Air pollution has been classified as carcinogenic to humans. However, to date little is known about the relevance for cancers of the stomach and upper aerodigestive tract (UADT). We investigated the association of long-term exposure to ambient air pollution with incidence of gastric and UADT cancer in 11 European cohorts. Air pollution exposure was assigned by land-use regression models for particulate matter (PM) below 10 µm (PM10 ), below 2.5 µm (PM2.5 ), between 2.5 and 10 µm (PMcoarse ), PM2.5 absorbance and nitrogen oxides (NO2 and NOX ) as well as approximated by traffic indicators...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690476/identification-of-type-materials-of-the-species-of-protypotherium-ameghino-1885-and-patriarchus-ameghino-1889-notoungulata-interatheriidae-erected-by-florentino-ameghino
#20
Mercedes FernÁndez, Juan Carlos Fernicola, Esperanza CerdeÑo, Marcelo A Reguero
The first collections of Interatheriinae (Interatheriidae, Notoungulata) were created by the brothers Florentino and Carlos Ameghino, based on fossil specimens collected from diverse outcrops of Argentina and housed at different national institutions. In order to perform a systematic study of the subfamily, it is essential to revise as much specimens as possible, but first of all those that were used to establish the respective species, that is, the type material. Florentino Ameghino never referred to the collection number of the type specimens of the species he erected in any of his publications; this fact added to the occasional absence of illustrations and adequate descriptions, all of which make their identification a complex task...
February 27, 2018: Zootaxa
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