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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427829/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-hepatic-resection-versus-transarterial-chemoembolization-for-solitary-large-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
REVIEW
Claire L Stevens, Andrew Awad, Saleh M Abbas, David A K Watters
BACKGROUND: Surgical techniques and pre-operative patient evaluation have improved since the initial development of the Barcelona clinic liver cancer staging system. The optimal treatment for solitary hepatocellular carcinoma ≥5 cm remains unclear. The aim of this study was to review the long-term survival outcomes of hepatic resection versus transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) for solitary large tumours. METHODS: EMBASE, MEDLINE, Pubmed and the Cochrane database were searched for studies comparing resection with TACE for solitary HCC ≥5 cm...
April 17, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413654/hepatic-perivascular-epithelioid-cell-neoplasm-a-clinical-and-pathological-experience-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#2
Wenying Chen, Yeqing Liu, Yanyan Zhuang, Juanfei Peng, Fengting Huang, Shineng Zhang
Hepatic perivascular epithelioid cell neoplasm (PEComa) is a rare type of neoplasm derived from mesenchymal tumors that is often misdiagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), hepatic hemangioma or other liver malignancies. The clinical and histological characteristics of PEComa have yet to be fully documented. To optimize the diagnosis and treatment of the disease, a retrospective analysis was performed to investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of 7 patients diagnosed with hepatic PEComa in the Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital between January 2004 and December 2015...
April 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411170/the-critical-role-of-phosphatidylcholine-and-phosphatidylethanolamine-metabolism-in-health-and-disease
#3
REVIEW
Jelske N van der Veen, John P Kennelly, Sereana Wan, Jean E Vance, Dennis E Vance, René L Jacobs
Phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) are the most abundant phospholipids in all mammalian cell membranes. In the 1950s, Eugene Kennedy and co-workers performed groundbreaking research that established the general outline of many of the pathways of phospholipid biosynthesis. In recent years, the importance of phospholipid metabolism in regulating lipid, lipoprotein and whole-body energy metabolism has been demonstrated in numerous dietary studies and knockout animal models. The purpose of this review is to highlight the unappreciated impact of phospholipid metabolism on health and disease...
April 11, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407529/resection-of-colorectal-liver-metastases-after-second-line-chemotherapy-is-it-worthwhile-a-livermetsurvey-analysis-of-6415-patients
#4
René Adam, Bin Yi, Pasquale F Innominato, Eduardo Barroso, Christophe Laurent, Felice Giuliante, Lorenzo Capussotti, Réal Lapointe, Jean-Marc Regimbeau, Santiago Lopez-Ben, Helena Isoniemi, Catherine Hubert, Jen-Kou Lin, Thomas Gruenberger, Dominique Elias, Oleg G Skipenko, Alfredo Guglielmi
PURPOSE: Patient outcome after resection of colorectal liver metastases (CLM) following second-line preoperative chemotherapy (PCT) performed for insufficient response or toxicity of the first-line, is little known and has here been compared to the outcome following first-line. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2005 to June 2013, 5624 and 791 consecutive patients of a prospective international cohort received 1 and 2 PCT lines before CLM resection (group 1 and 2, respectively)...
April 10, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404935/outcomes-of-metastatic-spinal-cord-compression-secondary-to-primary-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-multidisciplinary-treatments
#5
Shaohui He, Haifeng Wei, Yifei Ma, Jian Zhao, Wei Xu, Jianru Xiao
Few studies have reported progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of Metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) following surgery and adjuvant therapies. Enrolled in this study were 155 MSCC patients with primary HCC who received surgery and adjuvant therapies between 2000 and 2015. Kaplan-Meier methods and Cox's proportional hazards regression mode were performed to investigate the clinical features and prognostic factors affecting PFS and OS...
February 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387087/-parietal-surgery-in-the-cirrhotic-patient-a-litterature-review
#6
REVIEW
C Bodson, M Demarche, A De Roover
The prevalence of liver cirrhosis progresses due to an increased occurrence of hepatitis C viral infection and of Non Alcoholic SteatoHepatopathy (NASH) related to the metabolic syndrome. Cirrhosis is a known risk factor for the development of hernia. The peri-operative morbidity and mortality after abdominal wall surgery is higher in the cirrhotic patient because of postoperative organ failure. The optimal timing for surgery and the method of repair remain controversial, but growing evidence orientates towards elective rather than emergency treatment regardless of the Child-Pugh score...
February 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378083/minor-laparoscopic-liver-resection-toward-1-day-surgery
#7
Nicola de'Angelis, Benjamin Menahem, Philippe Compagnon, Jean Claude Merle, Francesco Brunetti, Alain Luciani, Daniel Cherqui, Alexis Laurent
BACKGROUND: Technical advances in laparoscopy and enhanced recovery after surgery programs have progressively decreased the need for hospitalization. The present study aimed to explore the feasibility and safety of an early discharge protocol after minor laparoscopic liver resection (LLR). METHODS: The study sample consisted of patients with both benign and malignant hepatic lesions involving no more than two hepatic segments who underwent minor LLR and were discharged within 24 h...
April 4, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368741/molecular-targeting-of-vegf-vegfr-signaling-by-the-anti-vegf-monoclonal-antibody-bd0801-inhibits-the-growth-and-induces-apoptosis-of-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#8
Lin Liu, Shukui Qin, Yinghui Zheng, Li Han, Minmin Zhang, Nuo Luo, Zhengcao Liu, Ning Gu, Xiaoyi Gu, Xiaojin Yin
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third-leading cause of cancer-related deaths with 750,000 newly diagnosed cases each year. Surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy constitute the main treatment modalities for HCC, but liver cirrhosis and damage often occur. Molecular targeted drugs have been recently developed to treat HCC. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/VEGF receptor (VEGFR) autocrine signaling is closely related to the growth, progression, and metastasis of HCC, making the VEGF/VEGFR axis an ideal target for the development of molecular targeted agents...
March 4, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365954/prognostic-importance-of-steroid-receptor-status-for-disease-free-and-overall-survival-after-surgical-resection-of-isolated-liver-metastasis-in-breast-cancer-patients
#9
Milan Zegarac, Srdan Nikolic, Dusica Gavrilovic, Daniela Kolarevic, Marko Jevric, Zorica Nikolic-Tomasevic, Milan Kocic, Igor Djurisic, Zorka Inic, Ivan Markovic, Marko Buta, Srdan Ninkovic, Radan Dzodic
PURPOSE: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common malignancy among women, while isolated operable liver metastases (LMs) from BC are very rare and occur in only 1-5% of the patients. Besides, positive steroid receptor (SR) status for oestrogen and/or progesterone is known as a factor which improves disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). The primary aim of this study was to examine the impact of SR status on DFS and OS after liver metastasectomy in female patients with primary BC...
January 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365892/conversion-surgery-after-combination-chemotherapy-of-docetaxel-cisplatin-and-s-1-dcs-for-far-advanced-gastric-cancer
#10
Hiroaki Mieno, Keishi Yamashita, Kei Hosoda, Hiromitsu Moriya, Katsuhiko Higuchi, Mizutomo Azuma, Shouko Komori, Tsutomu Yoshida, Satoshi Tanabe, Wasaburo Koizumi, Natsuya Katada, Masahiko Watanabe
PURPOSE: A triplet regimen of docetaxel, cisplatin, and S-1(DCS) is highly effective against metastatic gastric cancer. We performed this study to clarify the safety and efficacy of surgical resection in patients with initially unresectable gastric cancer, after down-staging or disease control was achieved by DCS chemotherapy. METHODS: The subjects of this retrospective study were 31 consecutive patients with initially unresectable gastric cancer, who underwent surgical resection between October, 2006 and December, 2012, after down-staging or disease control was achieved by DCS chemotherapy...
April 1, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363624/surgical-management-of-hydatid-bilio-bronchial-fistula-by-exclusive-thoracotomy
#11
REVIEW
Sani Rabiou, Marouane Lakranbi, Yassine Ouadnouni, Fabrizio Panaro, Mohamed Smahi
In the industrialized countries, most of Bilio-bronchial fistula are secondary to hepatobiliary trauma, hepatic resection surgery or in the case of congenital malformation of the biliary tract, Bilio-bronchial fistula is recognized as the complication of a number of infectious pathologies such as hydatidosis and hepatic amoebiasis. Among the causes, the Bilio-bronchial fistula of hydatic origin is by far the most frequent especially in the zones of hydatid endemic as Morocco. It is a serious complication of liver hydatid cysts...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358366/forkhead-box-a3-attenuated-the-progression-of-fibrosis-in-a-rat-model-of-biliary-atresia
#12
Rui Dong, Yifan Yang, Zhen Shen, Chao Zheng, Zhu Jin, Yanlei Huang, Zhien Zhang, Shan Zheng, Gong Chen
Biliary atresia is a rare, devastating disease of infants where a fibroinflammatory process destroys the bile ducts, leading to fibrosis and biliary cirrhosis, and death if untreated. The cause and pathogenesis remain largely unknown. We tried to investigate factors involved in biliary atresia, especially forkhead box A3 (Foxa3), which might exert a role in the treatment of liver disease. We used RNA sequencing to sequence the whole transcriptomes of livers from six biliary atresia and six choledochal cysts patients...
March 30, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355772/-progress-in-application-of-three-dimensional-imaging-technique-in-complex-hepatobiliary-surgery
#13
G W Ji, F P Zhu, X C Li
Hepatobiliary surgery is considered to be technically challenging because of complex intrahepatic and perihilar anatomical structures and variations.Nowadays, three-dimensional imaging technique plays an important role in the time of precise liver surgery.Three-dimensional images depict the spatial location of tumor, and the course, confluence pattern and variation of portal vein, hepatic artery, biliary system and hepatic vein distinctly while showing involved hepatic segments and the relationship with adjacent vessels from omnidirectional view, measuring the length of margin and future remnant liver...
April 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350257/intrahepatic-mass-forming-cholangiocarcinoma-and-solitary-hypovascular-liver-metastases-is-the-differential-diagnosis-using-diffusion-weighted-mri-possible
#14
Jelena Djokić Kovač, Danijel Galun, Aleksandra Đurić-Stefanović, Gordana Lilić, Dragan Vasin, Ljubica Lazić, Dragan Mašulović, Đorđije Šaranović
Background Intrahepatic mass-forming cholangiocellular carcinoma (IMC) is the second most common primary liver tumor. The differentiation between IMC and solitary hypovascular liver metastases (SHLM) represents a diagnostic challenge due to many overlapping magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features. Purpose To determine the value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in addition to conventional MRI for the distinction between intrahepatic mass-forming cholangiocarcinoma and solitary hypovascular liver metastases...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348756/amoeboma-in-a-saudi-resident-a-case-report
#15
Sanaa Al Rehily, Reham Kaki, Fahad Al Ghamdi, Dalia El-Hossary
INTRODUCTION: Amoebiasis is the third most frequent cause of mortality after malaria and schistosomiasis. In developed countries, amebiasis is also seen in migrants who have travelled to endemic areas. The factors responsible for its progression from intestinal amebiasis to an amebic liver abscess are not fully understood. CASE PRESENTATION: A 54-year-old man presented with abdominal pain, fever and diarrhoea. Laparotomy confirmed an inflammatory mass involving the right colon, and he underwent a right hemicolectomy...
June 2016: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343205/-biliary-atresia-signs-and-symptoms-diagnosis-clinical-management
#16
Ewa Orłowska, Piotr Czubkowski, Piotr Socha
Biliary atresia is a chronic cholangiopathy leading to progressive fibrosis of both intra- and extrahepatic bile ducts. The cause of the condition is unknown. Fundamental management of biliary atresia is surgical intervention and the outcomes of the treatment depend on the child's age with best results when performed within the first 2 months of life. Thus, the main role of pediatric healthcare is an urgent differential diagnosis and prompt qualification for the surgery, optimal postoperative management and early qualification for the liver transplantation in patients with persistent cholestasis...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323968/impaired-glycine-mia-in-type-2-diabetes-and-potential-mechanisms-contributing-to-glucose-homeostasis
#17
Richard Yan-Do, Patrick E MacDonald
The onset and/or progression of type 2 diabetes (T2D) can be prevented if intervention is early enough. As such, much effort has been placed on the search for indicators predictive of pre-diabetes and disease onset or progression. An increasing body of evidence suggests that changes in plasma glycine may be one such biomarker. Circulating glycine levels are consistently low in patients with T2D. Levels of this non-essential amino acid correlate negatively with obesity and insulin resistance. Plasma glycine correlates positively with glucose disposal, and rises with interventions such as exercise and bariatric surgery that improve glucose homeostasis...
March 15, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323124/cd44-is-a-key-player-in-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis
#18
Stéphanie Patouraux, Déborah Rousseau, Stéphanie Bonnafous, Cynthia Lebeaupin, Carmelo Luci, Clémence M Canivet, Anne-Sophie Schneck, Adeline Bertola, Marie-Christine Saint-Paul, Antonio Iannelli, Jean Gugenheim, Rodolphe Anty, Albert Tran, Béatrice Bailly-Maitre, Philippe Gual
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cluster of differentiation (CD)44 regulates adipose tissue inflammation in obesity and hepatic leukocyte recruitment in a lithogenic context. However, its role in hepatic inflammation in a mouse model of steatohepatitis and its relevance in humans have not yet been investigated. We aimed to evaluated the contribution of CD44 to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) development and liver injury in mouse models and in patients at various stages of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) progression...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323122/exome-analysis-of-the-evolutionary-path-of-hepatocellular-adenoma-carcinoma-transition-vascular-invasion-and-brain-dissemination
#19
Sílvia Vilarinho, Zeynep Erson-Omay, Kisha Mitchell-Richards, Charles Cha, Carol Nelson-Williams, Akdes Serin Harmancı, Katsuhito Yasuno, Murat Günel, Tamar H Taddei
Hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) is a rare benign liver tumor, predominantly seen in young women. Its major complications are malignant transformation, spontaneous hemorrhage, and rupture. We describe a case of a young female with no underlying liver disease who presented with acute abdominal pain and was found to have a 17 cm heterogeneous mass in the left lobe of the liver. She underwent left hepatectomy and pathology revealed a 14 cm moderately differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) arising in a shell of a HCA...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317586/strategies-to-improve-local-control-of-resected-pancreas-adenocarcinoma
#20
Paul H Sugarbaker
BACKGROUND: Only approximately one in ten pancreas cancer patients is a candidate for potentially curative resection of this disease. Even this small fraction of patients has a poor prognosis following pancreatico-duodenectomy. The disease has an anatomic location that makes it difficult for the surgeon to maintain adequate margins of resection and prevent tumor spillage at the time of resection. Also, the disease is biologically aggressive and even with a complete visible resection of the disease, micrometastases are likely to remain behind...
March 2017: Surgical Oncology
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