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Repetitive strain injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985641/a-genetic-marker-associated-with-de-quervain-s-tenosynovitis
#1
Stuart K Kim, Marwa A Ahmed, Andy L Avins, John P A Ioannidis
De Quervain's tenosynovitis is a repetitive strain injury involving synovial inflammation of the tendons of the first extensor compartment of the wrist. It is relatively common in the general population, and is the most common radial-sided tendinopathy seen in athletes. Identifying a genetic marker associated with de Quervain's tenosynovitis could provide a useful tool to help identify those individuals with an increased risk for injury. A genome-wide association screen was performed using publically available data from the Research Program in Genes, Environment and Health (RPGEH) including 4,129 cases and 98,374 controls...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922988/erognomic-education-on-housework-for-women-with-upper-limb-repetitive-strain-injury-rsi-a-conceptual-representation-of-therapists-clinical-reasoning
#2
Therma W C Cheung, Lindy Clemson, Kate O' Loughlin, Russell Shuttleworth
BACKGROUND: Ergonomic education in housework that aims to facilitate behavior change is important for women with upper limb repetitive strain injury. Therapists usually conduct such programs based on implicit reasoning. Making this reasoning explicit is important in contributing to the profession's knowledge. AIM: To construct a conceptual representation of how occupational therapists make clinical decisions for such program. METHOD: Based on a constructivist-grounded theory methodology, data were collected through in-depth interviewing with 14 occupational therapists from a major hospital in Singapore...
September 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902761/care-of-water-polo-players
#3
Jennifer D Stromberg
Water polo is a team sport that combines swimming with overhead throwing and wrestling. This places water polo players at risk for a unique group of illnesses and injuries. In addition to the medical problems and injuries seen in competitive swimmers, water polo players are at risk for a variety of traumatic injuries, including concussions, eye injuries, tympanic membrane perforation, fractures, dislocations, and lacerations. Repetitive overhead throwing also places these athletes at risk for related injuries, such as shoulder problems, including rotator cuff strain and impingement, and elbow problems, such as ulnar collateral ligament injuries, posteromedial impingement, and osteochondritis dissecans of the radial capitellum...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826961/work-related-injuries-of-radiologists-and-possible%C3%A2-ergonomic-solutions-recommendations-from-the-acr-commission-on-human-resources
#4
Gordon Sze, Edward I Bluth, Claire E Bender, Jay R Parikh
Increasingly, radiologists' workplaces revolve around PACS and digital imaging. Use of these technologies can lead to repetitive strain injuries, many of which can be exacerbated by specific features of a radiology practice environment. Ergonomic approaches, such as proper reading room structure, lighting, temperature, noise, and equipment setup, can help decrease the frequency and severity of repetitive strain injuries and improve radiologist productivity. However, ergonomic approaches are complex, include all aspects of the radiology practice environment, and are best implemented along with proper training of the practicing radiologists...
August 12, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810996/rhabdomyolysis-after-crawling-military-training
#5
Danit Atias-Varon, Haggai Sherman, Ran Yanovich, Yuval Heled
INTRODUCTION: Rhabdomyolysis is a syndrome characterized by muscle necrosis followed by release of intracellular muscle contents into the circulation. Exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER) occurs in response to nonfamiliar and/or excessive, prolonged, or repetitive exercises, with eccentric characteristics. In military populations, due to the type of intense, all out physical loads, ER is a significant threat, particularly when training under heat stress. However, many other etiologies exist, and clinical presentations vary greatly...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766233/prospective-study-comparing-surgeons-pain-and-fatigue-associated-with-nipple-sparing-versus-skin-sparing-mastectomy
#6
Rubie Sue Jackson, Thomas Sanders, Adrian Park, Robert Buras, Wen Liang, Christine Harris, Charles Mylander, Martin Rosman, Luther Holton, Devinder Singh, Laura Martino, Lorraine Tafra
BACKGROUND: Nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) is more technically challenging than skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) but offers quality-of-life and cosmetic advantages. However, surgeon physical symptoms related to NSM workload have not been documented. METHODS: This was a prospective study using questionnaires to compare surgeon-reported physical symptoms before, during, and after NSM versus SSM. Surgeons also answered general questions about each mastectomy. Bilateral cases were performed simultaneously by two surgeons, who completed independent questionnaires...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459795/four-weeks-of-nordic-hamstring-exercise-reduce-muscle-injury-risk-factors-in-young-adults
#7
João Breno de A R Alvares, Vanessa Bernardes Marques, Marco Aurélio Vaz, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
The Nordic hamstring exercise (NHE) is a field-based exercise designed for knee-flexor eccentric strengthening, aimed at muscle strains prevention. However, possible effects of NHE programmes on other hamstring injury risk factors remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a NHE training programme on multiple hamstring injury risk factors. Twenty physically active young adults were allocated into two equal sized groups: control group (CG) and training group (TG). The TG was engaged in a 4-week NHE programme, twice a week, 3 sets of 6-10 repetitions; while CG received no exercise intervention...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431487/design-and-fuzzy-logic-control-of-an-active-wrist-orthosis
#8
Ergin Kilic, Erdi Dogan
People who perform excessive wrist movements throughout the day because of their professions have a higher risk of developing lateral and medial epicondylitis. If proper precautions are not taken against these diseases, serious consequences such as job loss and early retirement can occur. In this study, the design and control of an active wrist orthosis that is mobile, powerful and lightweight is presented as a means to avoid the occurrence and/or for the treatment of repetitive strain injuries in an effective manner...
April 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378509/hamstring-to-quadriceps-fatigue-ratio-offers-new-and-different-muscle-function-information-than-the-conventional-non-fatigued-ratio
#9
M D Pinto, A J Blazevich, L L Andersen, P Mil-Homens, R S Pinto
Commonly used injury risk prediction tests such as the hamstring-to-quadriceps (H:Q) strength ratio appear to be poor predictors of non-contact injury. However, these tests are typically performed in a non-fatigued state, despite accumulated fatigue being an important risk factor for both hamstring strain (HS) and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in professional soccer players. After the effect of different H:Q calculation methods were compared and contrasted, the influence of neuromuscular fatigue on the H:Q strength ratio and the association between fatigued and non-fatigued ratio scores were examined...
April 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356066/effectiveness-of-conservative-interventions-for-sickness-and-pain-behaviors-induced-by-a-high-repetition-high-force-upper-extremity-task
#10
D L Xin, J Hadrévi, M E Elliott, M Amin, M Y Harris, A E Barr-Gillespie, M F Barbe
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation is known to induce sickness behaviors, including decreased social interaction and pain. We have reported increased serum inflammatory cytokines in a rat model of repetitive strain injury (rats perform an upper extremity reaching task for prolonged periods). Here, we sought to determine if sickness behaviors are induced in this model and the effectiveness of conservative treatments. METHODS: Experimental rats underwent initial training to learn a high force reaching task (10 min/day, 5 days/week for 6 weeks), with or without ibuprofen treatment (TRHF vs...
March 29, 2017: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195658/risk-of-work-injury-among-adolescent-students-from-single-and-partnered-parent-families
#11
Imelda S Wong, F Curtis Breslin
BACKGROUND: Parental involvement in keeping their children safe at work has been examined in a handful of studies, with mixed results. Evidence has suggested that non-work injury risk is higher among children from single-parent families, but little is known about their risk for work-related injuries. METHODS: Five survey cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey were pooled to create a nationally representative sample of employed 15-19-year old students (N = 16,620)...
March 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118979/fatigue-injury-risk-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-of-target-side-knee-during-golf-swing
#12
Tserenchimed Purevsuren, Moon Seok Kwon, Won Man Park, Kyungsoo Kim, Seung Ho Jang, Young-Tae Lim, Yoon Hyuk Kim
A golf-related ACL injury can be linked with excessive golf play or practice because such over-use by repetitive golf swing motions can increase damage accumulation to the ACL bundles. In this study, joint angular rotations, forces, and moments, as well as the forces and strains on the ACL of the target-side knee joint, were investigated for ten professional golfers using the multi-body lower extremity model. The fatigue life of the ACL was also predicted by assuming the estimated ACL force as a cyclic load...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079648/acute-response-of-the-infraspinatus-and-biceps-tendons-to-pitching-in-youth-baseball
#13
Adam Popchak, Nathan Hogaboom, Dharmesh Vyas, John Abt, Anthony Delitto, James J Irrgang, Michael Boninger
PURPOSE: Youth baseball frequently results in repetitive strain injuries. Quantitative ultrasound allows real-time imaging with the ability to identify acute markers of tendon change. The study objective was to determine acute quantitative ultrasound changes in the long head of the biceps and infraspinatus tendons of the throwing and non-throwing shoulders during a pitching performance. We hypothesized the tendons of the pitching arm would exhibit an increased width and decreased echogenicity after pitching and that tendons of the non-pitching arm would not demonstrate such changes...
January 11, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061633/mechanisms-of-bone-response-to-injury
#14
Keren E Dittmer, Elwyn C Firth
Bone, despite its relatively inert appearance, is a tissue that is capable of adapting to its environment. Wolff's law, first described in the 19th century, describes the ability of bone to change structure depending on the mechanical forces applied to it. The mechanostat model extended this principle and suggested that the amount of strain a bone detects depends on bone strength and the amount of muscle force applied to the bone. Experimental studies have found that low-magnitude, high-frequency mechanical loading is considered to be the most effective at increasing bone formation...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909377/association-between-body-composition-and-sport-injury-in-canadian-adolescents
#15
Allison M Ezzat, Amy Schneeberg, Mieke Koehoorn, Carolyn A Emery
Purpose: To examine the association between overweight or obesity and sport injury in a population-based sample of Canadian adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional analyses were performed using the Canadian Community Health Survey (2009-2010), a nationally representative sample (n=12,407) of adolescents aged 12-19 years. Body composition was quantified using BMI, grouping participants into healthy weight, overweight, or obese. The outcome of interest was acute or repetitive strain injury sustained during sport in the previous year...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870698/risk-factors-for-injury-among-japanese-collegiate-players-of-american-football-based-on-performance-test-results
#16
Junta Iguchi, Yuya Watanabe, Misaka Kimura, Yoshihiko Fujisawa, Tatsuya Hojo, Yasuhiro Yuasa, Shinsuke Higashi, Kenji Kuzuhara
Iguchi, J, Watanabe, Y, Kimura, M, Fujisawa, Y, Hojo, T, Yuasa, Y, Higashi, S, and Kuzuhara, K. Risk factors for injury among Japanese collegiate players of American football based on performance test results. J Strength Cond Res 30(12): 3405-3411, 2016-The purpose of this study was to identify how risk factors for injury during American football are related to players' physical strength as determined using typical performance tests. One hundred 53 Japanese collegiate players of American football were recruited for this study...
December 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814563/age-related-differences-in-the-timing-aspect-of-lumbopelvic-rhythm-during-trunk-motion-in-the-sagittal-plane
#17
Milad Vazirian, Iman Shojaei, Babak Bazrgari
Forward bending and backward return of the human trunk in the sagittal plane are associated with a specific lumbopelvic rhythm, which consists of magnitude and timing aspects. In this study, the age-related differences in the timing aspect of lumbopelvic rhythm were investigated using the continuous relative phase method. Specifically, the mean absolute relative phase (MARP) between the thoracic and pelvic motions as well as variation in MARP under repetitive motions, denoted by deviation phase (DP), were characterized in sixty participants between 20 and 70years old...
January 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732325/stress-fractures-concepts-and-therapeutics
#18
REVIEW
Carolina A Moreira, John P Bilezikian
Context: Stress fractures are repetitive use injuries in which recurrent strains lead to material fatigue and microarchitectural discontinuities. They account for up to 20% of athletic injuries, more often in women and in the setting of track-and-field events. In women, menstrual disturbances, low body mass index, low energy intake, and sometimes low bone mass, may be contributing factors. There are no standard protocols for evaluation or management of stress fractures. Evidence Acquisition: Available literature published in English was retrieved using the following terms: stress fractures; fractures; osteoporosis, athletes, premenopausal women, and athletic triad; through PubMed...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698067/cardiac-consequences-of-autonomic-dysreflexia-in-spinal-cord-injury
#19
Christopher R West, Jordan W Squair, Laura McCracken, Katharine D Currie, Rishi Somvanshi, Violet Yuen, Aaron A Phillips, Ujendra Kumar, John H McNeill, Andrei V Krassioukov
Autonomic dysreflexia (AD), which describes episodic hypertension, is highly prevalent in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). In non-SCI, primary hypertension depresses cardiac contractile reserve via β-adrenergic mechanisms. In this study, we investigated whether AD contributes to the impairment in cardiac contractile function that accompanies SCI. We induced SCI in rodents and stratified them into sham, SCI, or SCI plus repetitive induction of AD. At 6-week post-SCI, we assessed cardiac function using in vivo (speckle-tracking echocardiography), ex vivo (working heart), and molecular approaches (Western blot)...
November 2016: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681217/occupational-injuries-and-diseases-among-commercial-fishers-in-finland-1996-2015
#20
Kim O Kaustell, Tiina E A Mattila, Risto H Rautiainen
BACKGROUND: Commercial fishing is recognised as one of the most hazardous professions worldwide. In Finland, commercial fishing has some special characteristics, including fishing on ice during frozen waters, and pluriactivity of the fisher family to gain additional income. The goal of this study was to describe injury characteristics among commercial fishers in Finland during the years 1996-2015. With this information, we wish to promote creation of effective safety campaigns and interventions...
2016: International Maritime Health
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