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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166438/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-inadequate-medicine-home-storage-a-community-based-study
#1
Rand Randall Martins, Andreza Duarte Farias, Yonara Monique da Costa Oliveira, Rodrigo Dos Santos Diniz, Antonio Gouveia Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: Assess the extent of inadequate home storage of medicines andidentify important risk factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey based on a probability sample in the community, conducted in 267 households in Cuité, State of Paraíba, Northeast Brazil, in 2014. Logistic regression was used to study the risk factors. RESULTS: The prevalence of households with inadequate storage was 76.0%. Problems with storage include direct exposure to sunlight in 10...
November 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165800/generic-versions-of-narrow-therapeutic-index-drugs-a-national-survey-of-pharmacists-substitution-beliefs-and-practices
#2
Ameet Sarpatwari, Moa P Lee, Joshua J Gagne, Zhigang Lu, Sarah K Dutcher, Wenlei Jiang, Eric G Campbell, Aaron S Kesselheim
Small changes in bioavailability of narrow therapeutic index (NTI) drugs can alter clinical outcomes, raising concern over generic NTI substitution. We surveyed pharmacists to identify their perceptions of generic NTI drugs, their frequency of performing generic NTI substitution, and predictors of this behavior. Of 710 respondents (33% response rate), 87% perceived generic NTI drugs as effective as their brand-name versions and 94% as safe. Whereas 82% almost always performed generic NTI substitution for initial prescriptions, only 60% did for refills...
November 22, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164957/expectations-concerns-and-needs-of-patients-who-start-drugs-for-chronic-conditions-a-prospective-observational-study-among-community-pharmacies-in-serbia
#3
Katarina M Vučićević, Branislava R Miljković, Bojana C Golubović, Marija N Jovanović, Sandra D Vezmar Kovačević, Milica D Ćulafić, Milena M Kovačević, Johan J de Gier
BACKGROUND: During the initiation of treatment of a chronic disease, patients may have varying interests, expectations, concerns, and reasons to stop treatment, influencing compliance with prescribed treatment. Thus, healthcare professionals are expected to integrate these needs into medicines management. OBJECTIVES: To determine what information is important to patients; assess predictors of patients' interests, expectations, concerns, reasons to stop therapy; evaluate drug-related problems following initiation of therapy and summarize how pharmacists resolve them during patient-pharmacist counselling...
November 22, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163727/pharmacists-perspective-on-the-take-home-naloxone-program-the-phantom-study
#4
Jenny Edwards, Duane Bates, Brett Edwards, Sunita Ghosh, Mark Yarema
Objective: To evaluate pharmacists' attitudes toward the Take Home Naloxone (THN) program and identify areas that could be improved to support pharmacists' involvement. Methods: Pharmacists on the Alberta College of Pharmacists' directory were invited to complete an online survey between July 10 and August 8, 2016. The survey consisted of 19 questions. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. Results: Four hundred seventy pharmacists completed the survey (response rate = 11...
July 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163726/beyond-equality-providing-equitable-care-for-persons-with-disabilities
#5
Scott Wakeham, Sally Heung, Janet Lee, Cheryl A Sadowski
Background: Almost 14% of Canadians have a disability, and older adults are most commonly affected. People living with disabilities have challenges accessing health care services, including medications and other services provided in pharmacies. Methods: A literature review was conducted regarding disability and pharmacy services. Resources regarding accessibility were also incorporated. Results: A number of organizations provide guidance on caring for those with disabilities...
July 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163725/2016-guidelines-for-the-management-of-dyslipidemia-and-the-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-adults-by-pharmacists
#6
Ricky D Turgeon, Todd J Anderson, Jean Grégoire, Glen J Pearson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163721/the-role-of-spirometry-in-the-management-of-obstructive-airways-disease-how-pharmacists-should-get-involved
#7
Alan Kaplan, Suzanne Levitz, Kristine Petrasko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162612/pharmacist-who-helped-his-father-die-walks-free-after-being-acquitted-of-murder
#8
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162326/identifying-perceptions-of-academic-reform-in-pharmacy-using-a-four-frame-organizational-change-model
#9
Dalia Bajis, Betty Chaar, Iman A Basheti, Rebekah Moles
BACKGROUND: In an ever-changing environment, pharmacy education is in the race to catch up and excel to produce competent pharmacists. Examining academic institutions, including schools of pharmacy, their internal systems and framework, it seems appropriate to view these institutions using multiple lenses. Bolman and Deal conceptualized a method to examine organizations using four constructs (structural, human resource, political, and symbolic). The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR), with deep-rooted pharmacy education and practice was the setting for this research...
November 10, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162290/reduction-of-pharmaceutical-expenditure-by-a-drug-appropriateness-intervention-in-polymedicated-elderly-subjects-in-catalonia-spain
#10
Lluís Campins, Mateu Serra-Prat, Elisabet Palomera, Ignasi Bolibar, Miquel Àngel Martínez, Pedro Gallo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the monetary savings resulting from a pharmacist intervention on the appropriateness of prescribed drugs in community-dwelling polymedicated (≥8 drugs) elderly people (≥70 years). METHOD: An evaluation of pharmaceutical expenditure reduction was performed within a randomised, multicentre clinical trial. The study intervention consisted of a pharmacist evaluation of all drugs prescribed to each patient using the "Good Palliative-Geriatric Practice" algorithm and the "Screening Tool of Older Persons Prescriptions/Screening Tool to Alert doctors to Right Treatment" criteria (STOPP/START)...
November 18, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162022/confronting-the-challenge-of-beta-lactam-allergies-a-quasi-experimental-study-assessing-impact-of-pharmacy-led-interventions
#11
Steven C Krey, Jeff Waise, Lee P Skrupky
OBJECTIVE: To improve allergy history documentation and increase the use of beta-lactams when appropriate in patients with a reported beta-lactam allergy. METHODS: This pre-post study was conducted at a 167-bed tertiary care community hospital and evaluated multidisciplinary interventions on allergy documentation and antibiotic selection. Interventions included education, creation of local practice guidelines, and modified practices for pharmacists and pharmacy technicians...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160599/models-of-care-for-chronic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Ruairidh Nicoll, Lynn Robertson, Elliot Gemmell, Pawana Sharma, Corri Black, Angharad Marks
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common and presents an increasing burden to patients and health services. However, the optimal model of care for patients with CKD is unclear. We systematically reviewed the clinical effectiveness of different models of care for the management of CKD. A comprehensive search of eight databases was undertaken for articles published from 1992 to 2016. We included randomised controlled trials which assessed any model of care in the management of adults with pre-dialysis CKD, reporting renal, cardiovascular, mortality and other outcomes...
November 21, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160461/indicators-related-to-the-rational-use-of-medicines-and-its-associated-factors
#13
Marina Guimarães Lima, Juliana Álvares, Augusto Afonso Guerra, Ediná Alves Costa, Ione Aquemi Guibu, Orlando Mario Soeiro, Silvana Nair Leite, Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski, Karen Sarmento Costa, Francisco de Assis Acurcio
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate indicators related to the rational use of medicines and its associated factors in Basic Health Units. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional study carried out in a representative sample of Brazilian cities included in the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos - Serviços, 2015 (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - Services, 2015). The data were collected by interviews with users, medicine dispensing professionals, and prescribers; and described by prescription, dispensing, and health services indicators...
November 13, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160459/characterization-of-the-institutionalization-of-pharmaceutical-services-in-brazilian-primary-health-care
#14
Gisélia Santana Souza, Ediná Alves Costa, Rafael Damasceno de Barros, Marcelo Tavares Pereira, Joslene Lacerda Barreto, Augusto Afonso Guerra, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Ione Aquemi Guibu, Juliana Álvares, Karen Sarmento Costa, Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski, Orlando Mario Soeiro, Silvana Nair Leite
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the current stage of the institutionalization of pharmaceutical services in Brazilian cities. METHODS: This study is part of the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines), a cross-sectional, exploratory, and evaluative study composed by an information survey in a representative sample of cities, stratified by Brazilian regions...
November 13, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160455/workforce-in-the-pharmaceutical-services-of-the-primary-health-care-of-sus-brazil
#15
Marselle Nobre Carvalho, Juliana Álvares, Karen Sarmento Costa, Augusto Afonso Guerra, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Ediná Alves Costa, Ione Aquemi Guibu, Orlando Mario Soeiro, Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski, Silvana Nair Leite
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the workforce in the pharmaceutical services in the primary care of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). METHODS This is a cross-sectional and quantitative study, with data from the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos - Serviços, 2015 (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - Services, 2015). For the analysis, we considered the data stratification into geographical regions...
November 13, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160454/pharmaceutical-care-in-brazil-s-primary-health-care
#16
Patricia Sodré Araújo, Ediná Alves Costa, Augusto Afonso Guerra, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Ione Aquemi Guibu, Juliana Álvares, Karen Sarmento Costa, Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski, Orlando Mario Soeiro, Silvana Nair Leite
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the activities of clinical nature developed by pharmacists in basic health units and their participation in educational activities aiming at health promotion. METHODS: This article is part of the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos - Serviços, 2015 (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - Services, 2015), a cross-sectional and exploratory study, of evaluative nature, consisting of a survey of information in a representative sample of cities, stratified by the Brazilian regions that constitute domains of study, and a subsample of primary health care services...
November 13, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160450/characterization-of-the-selection-of-medicines-for-the-brazilian-primary-health-care
#17
Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski, Dayani Galato, Micheline Marie Milward de Azevedo Meiners, Emília Vitória da Silva, Letícia Farias Gerlack, Ângelo José Gonçalves Bós, Silvana Nair Leite, Juliana Álvares, Ione Aquemi Guibu, Orlando Mario Soeiro, Karen Sarmento Costa, Ediná Alves Costa, Augusto Afonso Guerra, Francisco de Assis Acurcio
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the process of selection of medicines for primary health care in the Brazilian regions. METHODS: This article is part of the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos - Serviços, 2015 (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - Services, 2015), a cross-sectional study that consisted of an information gathering in a sample of cities in the five regions of Brazil...
November 13, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160448/availability-of-essential-medicines-in-primary-health-care-of-the-brazilian-unified-health-system
#18
Renata Cristina Rezende Macedo do Nascimento, Juliana Álvares, Augusto Afonso Guerra, Isabel Cristina Gomes, Ediná Alves Costa, Silvana Nair Leite, Karen Sarmento Costa, Orlando Mario Soeiro, Ione Aquemi Guibu, Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski, Francisco de Assis Acurcio
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the availability of tracer medicines in pharmaceutical services in primary health care of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional and evaluative study, part of the Pesquisa Nacional Sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos - Serviços, 2015 (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - Services, 2015). To analyze the availability of medicines, we verified 50 items selected from the Relação Nacional de Medicamentos Essenciais (Rename - National List of Essential Medicines) of 2012...
November 13, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160426/impact-assessment-of-an-automated-drug-dispensing-system-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#19
Débora de-Carvalho, José Luiz Alvim-Borges, Cristiana Maria Toscano
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the costs and patient safety of a pilot implementation of an automated dispensing cabinet in a critical care unit of a private tertiary hospital in São Paulo/Brazil. METHODS: This study considered pre- (January-August 2013) and post- (October 2013-October 2014) intervention periods. We considered the time and cost of personnel, number of adverse events, audit adjustments to patient bills, and urgent requests and returns of medications to the central pharmacy...
October 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159874/meta-synthesis-on-migraine-management
#20
REVIEW
Mia T Minen, Lita Anglin, Alexandra Boubour, Allison Squires, Linda Herrmann
BACKGROUND: Migraine is one of the top 10 most disabling conditions among adults worldwide. Most migraine research is quantitative and indicates concerns about medication adherence, stigma, and more. Qualitative studies might reveal an improved understanding of migraine patients' perspectives regarding migraine treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to synthesize the qualitative research on migraine patients' perspectives regarding migraine treatment to (a) identify common patterns across various types of migraine treatment studies and (b) inform future research...
November 21, 2017: Headache
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