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feline cancer

Jessica G Rushton, Reinhard Ertl, Dieter Klein, Alexander Tichy, Barbara Nell
Objectives Feline diffuse iris melanoma (FDIM) is the most common malignant primary intraocular tumour in cats, with reported metastases rates between 19% and 63%. Currently, the only available diagnostic tool for a tentative diagnosis is histopathological examination of the enucleated eye. Therefore, the veterinary ophthalmologist is often faced with the dilemma of whether to enucleate an oftentimes visual eye or to continue monitoring, with the risk of metastases developing. In the past, cell-free DNA (cfDNA) gained more attention in human medicine, especially in the field of oncology...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Silvia Martina Ferrari, Guido Bocci, Teresa Di Desidero, Giusy Elia, Ilaria Ruffilli, Francesca Ragusa, Paola Orlandi, Sabrina Rosaria Paparo, Armando Patrizio, Simona Piaggi, Concettina La Motta, Salvatore Ulisse, Enke Baldini, Gabriele Materazzi, Paolo Miccoli, Alessandro Antonelli, Poupak Fallahi
Lenvatinib is an oral, multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) of VEGFR1-VEGFR3, FGFR1-FGFR4, PDGFRα, RET and v-kit Hardy-Zuckerman 4 feline sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KIT) signaling networks involved in tumor angiogenesis. We have evaluated the antitumor activity of lenvatinib in primary anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) cells, in the human cell line 8305C (undifferentiated thyroid cancer) and in an ATC-cell line (AF). The AF cell line was obtained from the primary ATC cultures and was the one that grew over 50 passages...
March 8, 2018: Oncology Reports
Lei Zhang, Zhimin Geng, Xiankui Meng, Fandi Meng, Lin Wang
The present study aimed to investigate key long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and genes, and to obtain insights into their roles in the progression of gallbladder cancer (GBC). The gene expression profile and non‑coding RNA profile of GSE62335, which included five separate GBC tissue samples and five matched adjacent gallbladder normal tissue samples, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. The differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs in the GBC tissues were identified, following which RNA binding protein analysis was performed using starBase v2...
March 1, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jane Dobson, Genilson Fernandes de Queiroz, Jon P Golding
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an evolving method of treating superficial tumours that is non-invasive and carries minimal risk of toxicity. It combines tumour-selective photosensitiser dyes, tissue oxygen and targeted illumination to generate cytotoxic reactive oxygen species (ROS) within the tumour. In addition to directly acting on tumour cells, PDT damages and restricts tumour microvasculature, and causes a local inflammatory response that stimulates an immune response against the tumour. Unlike surgery or radiotherapy, the surrounding extracellular matrix is unaffected by PDT; thus, tissue healing is excellent and PDT seldom causes scars...
March 2018: Veterinary Journal
J Elliott
CASE REPORT: A 6-year-old neutered male British Shorthair cat presented with two rapidly growing subcutaneous masses, one over each thoracic wall. High-grade, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was confirmed following histopathology, immunohistochemistry and PCR analysis for antigen receptor re-arrangements. Following biopsy there was rapid regression of the remaining neoplastic tissue with no medical treatment. The cat relapsed 3 months later, with poor response to therapy, and was euthanased...
March 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
Yao-Wen Chang, Mika K Kaneko, Shinji Yamada, Yukinari Kato
The mucin-type membrane glycoprotein podoplanin (PDPN) is frequently overexpressed in numerous malignant cancers, including squamous cell carcinoma, germinal neoplasia, mesothelioma, lung cancer, oral cancer, and brain tumor. PDPN expression is strongly associated with cancer progression and poor prognosis. Furthermore, PDPN binds to C-type lectin-like receptor 2 (CLEC-2) on platelets, followed by PDPN-mediated platelet aggregation to facilitate tumor metastasis. We have previously reported a novel anti-cat PDPN (cPDPN) monoclonal antibody (mAb), PMab-52, which specifically detects cPDPN using flow cytometry analysis and successfully identifies cPDPN in feline squamous cell carcinomas...
February 2, 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
Nathan Hoggard, John S Munday, Jennifer Luff
Findings from polymerase chain reaction-based methods have suggested a role of Felis catus papillomavirus 2 (FcaPV-2) in the development of feline cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). However, because polymerase chain reaction cannot localize deoxyribonucleic acid or ribonucleic acid within the lesion, it is difficult to differentiate a coincidental FcaPV-2 infection and a causative association. Given that a key event in the pathogenesis of human papillomavirus-induced cancer is the expression of viral E6 and E7 oncogenes, localization of FcaPV-2 E6 and E7 transcription within neoplastic cells in feline SCCs would support a causative role for this papillomavirus...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
Cláudia S Marques, Maria Soares, Ana Santos, Jorge Correia, Fernando Ferreira
The feline mammary carcinoma (FMC) is the third most common tumor in cat, sharing many clinicopathological features with human breast cancer and thus, considered a suitable model for comparative oncology. Due to its poor prognosis, further studies are required to improve the diagnostic accuracy and treatment of cats with spontaneous mammary carcinoma. Recently, it was reported that the overexpression of stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) has great value in human breast cancer diagnosis, suggesting that diagnostic tools and therapies targeting the SDF-1 ligand can improve the clinical outcome...
December 1, 2017: Oncotarget
John S Munday, Neroli A Thomson, Gidget Henderson, Rob Fairley, Geoff M Orbell
Bowenoid in situ carcinomas (BISCs) are papillomavirus (PV)-induced skin neoplasms that are thought to be caused by Felis catus papillomavirus (FcaPV) 2. As BISCs are typically multiple and can become extensive, they can be difficult to treat. Herein we describe 4 cats that developed skin neoplasms that contained FcaPV-3 DNA. One cat developed multiple basal cell carcinomas (BCCs), 1 a BISC with unusual extension into hair follicles, and 2 developed a single typical-appearing BISC. All neoplasms contained prominent PV-induced cell changes and intense p16CDKN2a protein immunostaining...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
J Z Benton, R J Williams, A Patel, K Meichner, J Tarigo, K Nagata, T D Pethel, R M Gogal
Injection Site Sarcomas (ISS) are highly invasive feline malignant tumors that are frequently associated with routine vaccination. Current treatment modalities include chemotherapy, radiation, and radical surgery. ISS have been shown to be one of the most treatment resistant of feline cancers with high rates of recurrence. Previous studies have shown that gold and other high atomic number nanoparticles have the ability to increase the dose of radiation deposited into tissue by generating secondary electrons...
December 2, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
O Marques, A Canadas, F Faria, E Oliveira, I Amorim, F Seixas, A Gama, A Lobo-da-Cunha, B Martins da Silva, G Porto, C Lopes
Dysregulation of cellular iron homeostasis in human breast cancer is reflected by the altered expression of regulatory proteins. The expressions of iron-related proteins in the mammary glands of cats and dogs have not been assessed. We evaluated the expressions of ferritin, ferroportin, hepcidin and transferrin receptor 1 in benign and malignant mammary gland lesions in cats and dogs. Iron deposition was detected using Perls' Prussian blue staining. We found no major differences in the expression of iron-related proteins between benign and malignant mammary gland lesions in either cats or dogs; however, these species exhibited accumulation of iron in benign lesions...
November 27, 2017: Biotechnic & Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission
Shunsuke Itai, Shinji Yamada, Mika K Kaneko, Hiroyuki Harada, Yumiko Kagawa, Satoru Konnai, Yukinari Kato
Oral squamous cell carcinoma is an aggressive tumor in cats; however, molecular-targeted therapies against this tumor, including antibody therapy, have not been developed. Sensitive and specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against highly expressed membrane proteins are needed to develop antibody therapies. Podoplanin, a type I transmembrane glycoprotein, is expressed in many human malignant tumors, including brain tumor, esophageal cancer, lung cancer, mesothelioma, and oral cancer. Podoplanin binds to C-type lectin-like receptor-2 (CLEC-2) and activates platelet aggregation, which is involved in cancer metastasis...
November 1, 2017: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
B Børresen, A E Hansen, A Kjaer, T L Andresen, A T Kristensen
Cytotoxic drugs encapsulated into liposomes were originally designed to increase the anticancer response, while minimizing off-target adverse effects. The first liposomal chemotherapeutic drug was approved for use in humans more than 20 years ago, and the first publication regarding its use in a canine cancer patient was published shortly thereafter. Regardless, no general application for liposomal cytotoxic drugs has been established in veterinary oncology till now. Due to the popularity of canines as experimental models for pharmacokinetic analyses and toxicity studies, multiple publications exist describing various liposomal drugs in healthy dogs...
October 13, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
Weiran Wang, Meng Qu, Jiawen Wang, Xin Zhang, Haihong Zhang, Jiaxin Wu, Bin Yu, Hui Wu, Wei Kong, Xianghui Yu
BCA2/RNF115/Rabring7 is a RING type E3 ubiquitin ligase that is overexpressed in human breast tumors and is important for regulating breast cancer cell migration. In the present investigation, feline BCA2 (fBCA2) was identified and characterized. Compared with its human counterpart, the fBCA2 cDNA was confirmed to be 918 base pairs in length showing 92.6% consensus and identity positions, encoding a protein of 305 amino acids with 96.7% consensus and 93.1% identity positions. The fBCA2 protein contains a RING domain at the C-terminus, which was found to be essential for its autoubiquitination...
January 5, 2018: Gene
Shi-Fang Li, Fu-Rong Zhao, Jun-Jun Shao, Yin-Li Xie, Hui-Yun Chang, Yong-Guang Zhang
Since 1985, interferon (IFN)-ω, a type I IFN, has been identified in many animals, but not canines and mice. It has been demonstrated to have antiviral, anti-proliferation, and antitumor activities that are similar to those of IFN-α. To date, IFN-ω has been explored as a treatment option for some diseases or viral infections in humans and other animals. Studies have revealed that human IFN-ω displays antitumor activities in some models of human cancer cells and that it can be used to diagnose some diseases...
September 25, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
Akihiro Asai, Yasuyoshi Miyata, Kosuke Takehara, Shigeru Kanda, Shin-Ichi Watanabe, Peter A Greer, Hideki Sakai
PURPOSE: The feline sarcoma oncogene protein (FES) is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase implicated in both oncogenesis and tumor suppression. Here, cancer cell lines and human tissues were employed to clarify the pathological and prognostic significance of FES in bladder cancer. METHODS: The relationship between FES expression and cancer aggressiveness was investigated using 3 cell lines (T24: corresponding to grade 3, 5637: corresponding to grade 2, and RT4: corresponding to grade 1) and 203 tissues derived from human bladder malignancies...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
S Pisamai, A Rungsipipat, N Kunnasut, G Suriyaphol
Feline mammary carcinoma (FMC) is a common cancer with high metastatic potential and high mortality rate. Loss of cell-cell interactions and degradation of the extracellular matrix by proteinases enhances tumour invasion and metastasis. Peripheral neoplastic foci (PNF) are defined as the presence of discrete tumour cell clusters, splitting off from central neoplastic foci (CNF) and lodging around these CNF. PNF therefore locate at the tumour-host interface at the site of invasion. The aim of this study was to evaluate immunohistochemically the expression of cell adhesion molecules (e-cadherin [CDH-1], syndecan 1 [SDC-1] and nectin-2), matrix metalloproteinases (matrix metalloproteinase [MMP]-2, MMP-7 and MMP-9) and their tissue inhibitors (tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase [TIMP]-1 and TIMP-2) together with the cellular proliferation marker, Ki67, in CNF and PNF of FMCs of different clinical stages and histological grades...
August 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
J Z Walz, J Saha, A Arora, A Khammanivong, M G O'Sullivan, E B Dickerson
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is an aggressive and treatment-resistant malignancy in both feline and human patients. Recent work has demonstrated aberrant expression of fatty acid synthase (FASN) and an increased capacity for lipogenesis in human OSCC and other cancers. In human OSCC, inhibition of FASN decreased cell viability and growth in vitro, and diminished tumour growth and metastasis in murine preclinical models. This study aimed to characterize FASN as a therapeutic target in feline OSCC. Immunohistochemistry revealed high FASN expression in primary feline OSCC tumours, and FASN expression was detected in OSCC cell lines (3 feline and 3 human) by immunoblotting and quantitative real-time-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR)...
March 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
Alessandro Laganà, Wessel P Dirksen, Wachiraphan Supsavhad, Ayse Selen Yilmaz, Hatice G Ozer, James D Feller, Kiersten A Vala, Carlo M Croce, Thomas J Rosol
The domestic cat is an important human companion animal that can also serve as a relevant model for ~250 genetic diseases, many metabolic and degenerative conditions, and forms of cancer that are analogous to human disorders. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a crucial role in many biological processes and their dysregulation has a significant impact on important cellular pathways and is linked to a variety of diseases. While many species already have a well-defined and characterized miRNAome, miRNAs have not been carefully studied in cats...
August 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
María Florencia Arbe, Chiara Fondello, Lucrecia Agnetti, Gabriel Martín Álvarez, Matías Nicolás Tellado, Gerardo Claudio Glikin, Liliana María Elena Finocchiaro, Marcela Solange Villaverde
Feline mammary carcinoma (FMC) is a highly aggressive pathology that has been proposed as an interesting model of breast cancer disease, especially for the hormone refractory subgroup. Recently, cancer cell metabolism has been described as a hallmark of cancer cells. Here, we investigate the effects and mechanism of metabolic modulation by metformin (MET, anti-diabetic drug), 2-deoxyglucose (2DG, hexokinase inhibitor) or a combination of both drugs, MET/2DG on two established FMC cells lines: AlRB (HER2 (3+) and Ki67<5%) and AlRATN (HER2 (-) and Ki67>15%)...
October 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
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