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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804261/a-dental-prosthesis-from-the-early-modern-age-in-tuscany-italy
#1
Simona Minozzi, Daniele Panetta, Massimo De Sanctis, Valentina Giuffra
BACKGROUND: During archaeological excavation, carried out in the S. Francesco Monastery at Lucca (Tuscany, Italy), a golden dental appliance was discovered. The prosthesis was found, together with commingled human remains, in the collective tomb of the aristocratic family of the Guinigi, a powerful family who governed Lucca from 1392 until 1429. The exact archaeological dating of the prosthesis was not possible, but some elements suggest a dating to the beginning of the 17th century. PURPOSE: Aim of the paper is to study and describe the dental appliance trough a multidisciplinary approach...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799425/raman-spectroscopic-analysis-of-an-important-visigothic-historiated-manuscript
#2
Elizabeth A Carter, Fernando Rull Perez, Jesús Medina Garcia, Howell G M Edwards
Raman spectroscopy has been used to study fragments of early Visigothic historiated manuscripts from the important mediaeval library at Santo Domingo de Silos which were a part of a Beato dating from the tenth to the mid-eleventh centuries. These fragments are from some of the oldest manuscripts in the scriptorium of the monastery. In this study, a comparison is made between the pigments and inks used on these manuscripts and those used in a previous study of the unique Visigothic Beato de Valcavado in Santa Cruz, Valladolid, completed in the year 970, which is noted for its quality of execution as well as its content and is remarkable eschatologically in being identifiable as the complete work of only a single scribe...
December 13, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639047/-world-war-i-as-seen-by-franciscans-of-slavonski-brod
#3
Ivica Balen, Marica Jandrić-Balen
There is a profound and permanent connection between Franciscans and Slavonski Brod (formerly known as Brod na Savi). It has lasted for centuries, as Franciscans were present in the town even during the Turkish occupation. They were the first town pastors after its independence from the Turks in 1691 and are present today with churches, monasteries, and the Franciscan High School, which opened in 1995. Their chronicles describing the events from 1706 to 1932 are an important source of historical information, especially for local historians...
November 2015: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611244/-monks-sera-monastery-near-lhasa-tibet
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485874/factors-affecting-illness-in-the-developing-world-chronic-disease-mental-health-and-traditional-medicine-cures
#5
Nathan T Douthit, Hailemariam Alemu Astatk
This is a case report of a 24-year-old Ethiopian woman with a medical history of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis. She suffers from chronic liver failure and portal hypertension. She has been hospitalised for 'hysteria' in the past but did not receive follow-up, outpatient treatment or psychiatric evaluation. After discontinuing her medications and leaving her family to use holy water, a religious medicine used by many Ethiopians, she was found at a nearby monastery. She was non-communicative and difficult to arouse...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354405/spectroscopic-investigation-leading-to-the-documentation-of-three-post-byzantine-wall-paintings
#6
Dimitrios Lampakis, Ioannis Karapanagiotis, Olga Katsibiri
The main churches of three monasteries in Thessalia, Central Greece were decorated with wall paintings in the post-Byzantine period. The main goal of the present study is to characterize the inorganic and organic materials present in the paint layers of areas that have been gilded. Optical microscopic examination was carried out on samples taken from the gilded decoration of the paintings to view their layer build-up. The combined use of micro Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and micro-Raman spectroscopy led to the detection of the pigments and the binding media used...
June 27, 2016: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27250212/salutogenesis-and-the-monks-of-athos-greece-a-spiritual-health-promotion
#7
Kyriakoula Merakou, Euthalia Kyklou, Eleni Antoniadou, Georgios Karageorgos, Ermolaos Doufexis, Anastasia Barbouni
Context • A cohort of studies on secular populations has indicated the role that religiosity plays in psychological well-being. An increase in the participation in religious activity has been shown to have a positive correlation with beneficial mental health outcomes. Internationally, few studies exist regarding the sense of coherence (SOC) of monks. SOC is a health asset related to stress management skills. Objective • The study aimed to assess the SOC of monks who lived at Mount Athos, Greece, and to determine its correlation with demographic characteristics...
2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27220891/-more-than-just-stones-on-the-history-of-urology-in-regensburg
#8
Wolfgang Otto
In recent years the regional aspects of medical history in the field of urology have been more intensively studied. There is already an interesting study on the history of urology in Rhineland. This article examines the checkered medical history aspects concerning urology in provincial areas of Germany, exemplified by the Bavarian town of Regensburg. The article combines the history of the over 1800-year-old town of Regensburg, one of the oldest German communities, with selected aspects of medical history and follows the route of "stones" from antiquity to the present day...
July 2016: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26822932/hepatitis-b-prevalence-and-treatment-needs-among-tibetan-refugees-residing-in-india
#9
Kathleen Stevens, Trinley Palmo, Tsering Wangchuk, Sunil Solomon, Kerry Dierberg, Christopher J Hoffmann
Untreated chronic hepatitis B can lead to liver failure and/or liver cancer. These complications can be avoided through prevention with vaccination or treatment of disease. To inform health policy for the Tibetan community in India, we conducted study of hepatitis B prevalence and treatment needs. We conducted a cross-sectional study over 3 months of 2013. Households were randomly selected for participation via a satellite map; one boarding school and one residential monastery were also included. Participants were asked questions and a whole blood sample was collected for HBsAg assay...
August 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26698922/psychological-effects-of-meditation-at-a-buddhist-monastery-in-myanmar
#10
Yuichi Kasai, Toshihiko Sakakibara, Thein Aung Kyaw, Zaw Wai Soe, Zaw Min Han, Maung Mg Htwe
BACKGROUND: Meditation is widely used as a therapeutic measure because it can effectively reduce stress, pain, and improve the mental health, but there are many unclear points about the psychological effects of meditation. AIMS: The purpose of this study is to verify the psychological effects of meditation. METHOD: The short version of Profile of Mood States (POMS-SF) and the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II) were conducted to compare 97 Myanmar people practicing Vipassana contemplation training with 81 Myanmar nurses who did not have any experience with meditation...
December 24, 2015: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26654964/multi-analytical-study-of-techniques-and-palettes-of-wall-paintings-of-the-monastery-of-%C3%A5-i%C3%A4-a-serbia
#11
Ivanka Holclajtner-Antunović, Milica Stojanović-Marić, Danica Bajuk-Bogdanović, Radiša Žikić, Snežana Uskoković-Marković
The present multi-analytical study concentrates on establishing the painting techniques and the identity of the wall painting materials used by the artists from the 13th and 14th centuries to decorate the Žiča monastery, Serbia. For this purpose, we demonstrate that micro-Raman spectroscopy is an efficient, non-destructive method with high spatial resolution which gives molecular and crystal structural information of a wide variety of both inorganic and organic materials. It is shown that elementary composition revealed through scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy is necessary in some cases to confirm the identity of pigments and binders identified by micro-Raman spectroscopy...
March 5, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26525129/exploring-oral-health-beliefs-and-behaviour-among-tibetan-immigrants-of-bylakkupe
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Vivek Sivakumar, Jithesh Jain, Hemanth Battur, Pavan Uday Patil, Sunil Lingaraj, Shanavaz Palliyal
PURPOSE: To explore the oral health beliefs and behaviour among Tibetan immigrants of Bylakkupe village. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A stratified random sampling technique involving 366 Tibetan monks in Bylakkupe monasteries was used in this study. The oral health beliefs were measured using a pre-tested questionnaire. RESULTS: The results showed that seriousness was higher compared to other domains in the health belief model. Further, as the duration of the stay increased, the perceived importance was also higher among the population studied...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26371613/viable-contribution-of-tibetan-sacred-mountains-in-southwestern-china-to-forest-conservation
#13
Xiaoli Shen, Sheng Li, Dajun Wang, Zhi Lu
The Tibetan sacred mountains (TSMs) cover a large area and may represent a landscape-scale conservation opportunity. We compared the conservation value of forests in these mountains with the conservation value of government-established nature reserves and unmanaged open-access areas in Danba County, southwestern China. We used Landsat satellite images to map forest cover and to estimate forest loss in 1974-1989, 1989-1999, and 1999-2013. The TSMs (n = 41) and nature reserves (n = 4) accounted for 21.6% and 29...
December 2015: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26347256/paleopathology-and-nutritional-analysis-of-a-south-german-monastery-population
#14
Andreas G Nerlich, Alfred Riepertinger, Ralph Gillich, Stephanie Panzer
The monastery of Attel, Upper Bavaria, which was founded in AD 1030, harbours a series of crypt burials from the time period between AD 1700 and 1750. Due to a restoration of the church, 16 crypts had to be removed and were subjected to an extensive anthropological-paleopathological and isotope analysis. The 16 crypts contained 19 burials in open wooden coffins. All bodies were covered by an extensive layer of calcium carbonate. Despite this "treatment," bone and teeth were excellently preserved (mean degree of conservation > 75%, completeness > 85%)...
2015: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26333162/monks-on-the-move-evaluating-pilgrimage-to-byzantine-st-stephen-s-monastery-using-strontium-isotopes
#15
Susan Guise Sheridan, Lesley A Gregoricka
OBJECTIVES: Written and archaeological evidence indicates that migration, in the form of pilgrimage to Byzantine Palestine, was a major social phenomenon between the 5th and 7th centuries CE. Monasteries saw record growth at this time as pilgrims chose to stay in the region and take up religious life. A major influx of people to the region, with a corresponding growth in monastic vocations that led travelers to stay in the area, is not in question; however, the distant origins of pilgrims reflected in surviving texts may be an artifact of preservation, biased towards an elite minority...
December 2015: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26294002/fathers-of-orthopaedics-in-germany-eighteenth-and-early-nineteenth-centuries-lorenz-heister-in-helmsted-johann-friedrich-dieffenbach-in-berlin-heine-and-family-in-w%C3%A3-rzburg
#16
Philippe Hernigou
In orthopaedic medicine in Germany, Lorenz Heister, practicing in the eighteenth century, is considered one of the fathers of German surgery and is renowned for his books on management of hemorrhage, wounds, fractures, bandaging, instrumentation and surgery. After Heister, at the beginning of the nineteenth century, orthopaedic medicine in Germany developed uniformly. In a period when few doctors were interested in a separate discipline of orthopaedics, Germany led in this field. Heine devoted himself to the development of the new profession of orthopaedics, and in 1816, he opened the first orthopaedic institute on German soil in the former monastery of St...
February 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25962217/-the-copy-of-de-humani-corporis-fabrica-of-andreas-vesalius-of-the-municipal-library-of-reims
#17
Alain Ségal
The author presents a copy of the De humani corporis fabrica by Andreas Vesalius; this book is preserved in the department of rare books of the municipal Library in Reims. This copy is a first edition as the author gives positive proofs. This book results of a donation to the Minimes's congregation of Reims by Seigneur Guillaume Le Vergeur, Count of Saint Souplet and Baillif of Vermandois in the 17th century. Guillaume Le Vergeur has also given other precious books to the monastery's library and his name is inscribed on the register of obituaries and on the pediment of the Minimes' Church...
October 2014: Histoire des Sciences Médicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25962215/-fight-against-epidemics-austrian-prisoners-in-troyes
#18
Géraldine Hetzel
The victories near Ulm and Elchingen, where the Napoleonic army took 60000 prisoners between 15th and 20th of October 1805, lead to the arrival at Troyes (county "Aube") of nearly 2000 Austrian soldiers to be held inside former monasteries among whose, mainly the Jacobinians casern where more than half of them stayed. At the beginning of 1806, the government sent the epidemics medical practitioner Dr Desgenettes on an inspection tour to control the state of health of the populations of places where foreign prisoners were held, which lead him through several counties of the North-eastern part of France, where he surveyed several diseases ranging from all kinds offevers up to dysentery, scabies or gangrenes...
October 2014: Histoire des Sciences Médicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25596353/ethnopharmacological-approach-to-the-herbal-medicines-of-the-antidotes-in-nikolaos-myrepsos-dynameron
#19
E Valiakos, M Marselos, N Sakellaridis, Th Constantinidis, H Skaltsa
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This paper focuses on the plants quoted in the recipes of the first chapter entitled "About the Antidotes" belonging to the first and largest section "Element Alpha" of Nikolaos Myrepsos׳ Dynameron, a medieval medical manuscript. Nikolaos Myrepsos was a Byzantine physician at the court of John III Doukas Vatatzes at Nicaea (13th century). He wrote in Greek a rich collection of 2667 recipes, the richest number known in late Byzantine era, conventionally known as Dynameron and divided into 24 sections, the "Elements"...
April 2, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25579211/-sman-pa-grwa-tshang-and-the-development-of-tibetan-medicine
#20
Dhondup Drotsang
Sman pa grwa tshang refers to Tibetan medical schools attached to Tibetan Buddhist monasteries (basically of the Gelugpa sect), which is a comprehensive institution devoted to medical education, clinic treatment and medicinal production. It has played a significant role in the training of medical professionals, and is itself an embodiment and outgrowth of the further institutionalization and systematization of the monastery educational system after the establishment of Gelugpa sect in the 15(th) century. The model of Sman pa grwa tshang first took shape from the famous Chagpori Grophangling, established in Lhasa by Desi Sanggy Gyamtso (Tib: Sde srid sangs rgyas rgya mtso 1653-1705) in 1696...
September 2014: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
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