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K Merakou, E Kyklou, E Antoniadou, D Theodoridis, E Doufexis, A Barbouni
PURPOSE: The investigation of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) of Orthodox Christian monks who live at the Holy Mount Athos in Greece, and its correlation with demographic characteristics and Sense of Coherence (SOC-13). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed. The seven monasteries and five scetes with the largest number of monk population were invited to participate. Two monasteries and 1 scete gave their permission for the study. The final monks sample was formed by 166 monks from 215 who participated to the study...
June 14, 2017: Quality of Life Research
Safvet Halilović
Islam and its followers had created a civilization that played very important role on the world stage for more than a thousand years. One of the most important specific qualities of the Islamic civilization is that it is a well-balanced civilization that brought together science and faith, struck a balance between spirit and matter and did not separate this world from the Hereafter. This is what distinguishes the Islamic civilization from other civilizations which attach primary importance to the material aspect of life, physical needs and human instincts, and attach greater attention to this world by striving to instantly satisfy desires of the flesh, without finding a proper place for God and the Hereafter in their philosophies and education systems...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Ketsarin Kamyingkird, Tawisa Jiyipong, Sirichai Wongnarkpet, Patamaporn Amavisit, Séverine Tasker, Roger W Stich, Sathaporn Jittapalapong
This article has been withdrawn at the request of the author(s) and/or editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at
January 21, 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
Barbara Di Gennaro Splendore
The apothecary occupied a liminal position in early modern society between profit and healing. Finding ways to distance their public image from trade was a common problem for apothecaries across Europe. This article uses the case of a Bolognese apothecary, Filippo Pastarino, to address the question of how early modern apothecaries chose to represent themselves to political authorities and to the wider public. 'Mercy', alongside 'craft', was a pillar of apothecaries' social identity. By contrast, no matter how central financial transactions ('money') were to their activity, apothecaries did not want to be perceived as merchants...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Science
Gianluca Donadini, Sebastiano Porretta
To uncover patterns of consumer interest in craft beers, the authors explored the quality perception of craft beers in a panel of industrial mass-marketed beer drinkers (n=150) and examined the differences in interest for this beer segment between men and women. The authors adopted a conjoint rating experiment in which the respondents were given forty-nine beer profiles to evaluate and were asked to score the degree of interest in each profile on a 9-point scale. Each profile was described on eight attributes (type of brewery, brewing technology, characterizing raw materials, brewhouse equipment, location of the brewery, type of container, retail price, where to buy) varied at different levels...
January 2017: Food Research International
Gerold Holzer
The childhood and adolescence years are decisive in life. It was the aim of this study to analyze the pubertal years of Adolf Lorenz, the founder of Austrian orthopedics who left his mark in all parts of the world, with respect to his choice of profession. As the son of poor people from the former frontier region of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy with Poland, then known as Austrian-Silesia, he was provided with a scholarship in a boys' choir at a Carinthian monastery and then continued his studies at a college in Klagenfurt, capital of Carinthia...
February 2, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
Heike Will, Iris Eisenmann-Tappe
"Monastery medicine" refers to the traditional medieval European medicine, which was above all in the hands of monks and nuns. We warn against the uncritical application of the historical treatment recommendations, such as by Hildegard von Bingen, as herbal humoralpathological drugs are not always harmless. Modern phytotherapy, however, is well-founded in science. Combined with adapted monastic elements such as dietetics and regulative therapy, as the basis of a "new monastery medicine", it can be used as a supplement to academic medicine...
December 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Simona Minozzi, Daniele Panetta, Massimo De Sanctis, Valentina Giuffra
BACKGROUND: During archaeological excavation, carried out in the S. Francesco Monastery at Lucca (Tuscany, Italy), a golden dental appliance was discovered. The prosthesis was found, together with commingled human remains, in the collective tomb of the aristocratic family of the Guinigi, a powerful family who governed Lucca from 1392 until 1429. The exact archaeological dating of the prosthesis was not possible, but some elements suggest a dating to the beginning of the 17th century. PURPOSE: Aim of the paper is to study and describe the dental appliance trough a multidisciplinary approach...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
Elizabeth A Carter, Fernando Rull Perez, Jesús Medina Garcia, Howell G M Edwards
Raman spectroscopy has been used to study fragments of early Visigothic historiated manuscripts from the important mediaeval library at Santo Domingo de Silos which were a part of a Beato dating from the tenth to the mid-eleventh centuries. These fragments are from some of the oldest manuscripts in the scriptorium of the monastery. In this study, a comparison is made between the pigments and inks used on these manuscripts and those used in a previous study of the unique Visigothic Beato de Valcavado in Santa Cruz, Valladolid, completed in the year 970, which is noted for its quality of execution as well as its content and is remarkable eschatologically in being identifiable as the complete work of only a single scribe...
December 13, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Ivica Balen, Marica Jandrić-Balen
There is a profound and permanent connection between Franciscans and Slavonski Brod (formerly known as Brod na Savi). It has lasted for centuries, as Franciscans were present in the town even during the Turkish occupation. They were the first town pastors after its independence from the Turks in 1691 and are present today with churches, monasteries, and the Franciscan High School, which opened in 1995. Their chronicles describing the events from 1706 to 1932 are an important source of historical information, especially for local historians...
November 2015: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2016: Spine
Nathan T Douthit, Hailemariam Alemu Astatk
This is a case report of a 24-year-old Ethiopian woman with a medical history of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis. She suffers from chronic liver failure and portal hypertension. She has been hospitalised for 'hysteria' in the past but did not receive follow-up, outpatient treatment or psychiatric evaluation. After discontinuing her medications and leaving her family to use holy water, a religious medicine used by many Ethiopians, she was found at a nearby monastery. She was non-communicative and difficult to arouse...
August 2, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Dimitrios Lampakis, Ioannis Karapanagiotis, Olga Katsibiri
The main churches of three monasteries in Thessalia, Central Greece were decorated with wall paintings in the post-Byzantine period. The main goal of the present study is to characterize the inorganic and organic materials present in the paint layers of areas that have been gilded. Optical microscopic examination was carried out on samples taken from the gilded decoration of the paintings to view their layer build-up. The combined use of micro Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and micro-Raman spectroscopy led to the detection of the pigments and the binding media used...
June 27, 2016: Applied Spectroscopy
Kyriakoula Merakou, Euthalia Kyklou, Eleni Antoniadou, Georgios Karageorgos, Ermolaos Doufexis, Anastasia Barbouni
Context • A cohort of studies on secular populations has indicated the role that religiosity plays in psychological well-being. An increase in the participation in religious activity has been shown to have a positive correlation with beneficial mental health outcomes. Internationally, few studies exist regarding the sense of coherence (SOC) of monks. SOC is a health asset related to stress management skills. Objective • The study aimed to assess the SOC of monks who lived at Mount Athos, Greece, and to determine its correlation with demographic characteristics...
2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
Wolfgang Otto
In recent years the regional aspects of medical history in the field of urology have been more intensively studied. There is already an interesting study on the history of urology in Rhineland. This article examines the checkered medical history aspects concerning urology in provincial areas of Germany, exemplified by the Bavarian town of Regensburg. The article combines the history of the over 1800-year-old town of Regensburg, one of the oldest German communities, with selected aspects of medical history and follows the route of "stones" from antiquity to the present day...
July 2016: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Kathleen Stevens, Trinley Palmo, Tsering Wangchuk, Sunil Solomon, Kerry Dierberg, Christopher J Hoffmann
Untreated chronic hepatitis B can lead to liver failure and/or liver cancer. These complications can be avoided through prevention with vaccination or treatment of disease. To inform health policy for the Tibetan community in India, we conducted study of hepatitis B prevalence and treatment needs. We conducted a cross-sectional study over 3 months of 2013. Households were randomly selected for participation via a satellite map; one boarding school and one residential monastery were also included. Participants were asked questions and a whole blood sample was collected for HBsAg assay...
August 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Yuichi Kasai, Toshihiko Sakakibara, Thein Aung Kyaw, Zaw Wai Soe, Zaw Min Han, Maung Mg Htwe
BACKGROUND: Meditation is widely used as a therapeutic measure because it can effectively reduce stress, pain, and improve the mental health, but there are many unclear points about the psychological effects of meditation. AIMS: The purpose of this study is to verify the psychological effects of meditation. METHOD: The short version of Profile of Mood States (POMS-SF) and the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II) were conducted to compare 97 Myanmar people practicing Vipassana contemplation training with 81 Myanmar nurses who did not have any experience with meditation...
February 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Ivanka Holclajtner-Antunović, Milica Stojanović-Marić, Danica Bajuk-Bogdanović, Radiša Žikić, Snežana Uskoković-Marković
The present multi-analytical study concentrates on establishing the painting techniques and the identity of the wall painting materials used by the artists from the 13th and 14th centuries to decorate the Žiča monastery, Serbia. For this purpose, we demonstrate that micro-Raman spectroscopy is an efficient, non-destructive method with high spatial resolution which gives molecular and crystal structural information of a wide variety of both inorganic and organic materials. It is shown that elementary composition revealed through scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy is necessary in some cases to confirm the identity of pigments and binders identified by micro-Raman spectroscopy...
March 5, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Vivek Sivakumar, Jithesh Jain, Hemanth Battur, Pavan Uday Patil, Sunil Lingaraj, Shanavaz Palliyal
PURPOSE: To explore the oral health beliefs and behaviour among Tibetan immigrants of Bylakkupe village. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A stratified random sampling technique involving 366 Tibetan monks in Bylakkupe monasteries was used in this study. The oral health beliefs were measured using a pre-tested questionnaire. RESULTS: The results showed that seriousness was higher compared to other domains in the health belief model. Further, as the duration of the stay increased, the perceived importance was also higher among the population studied...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Xiaoli Shen, Sheng Li, Dajun Wang, Zhi Lu
The Tibetan sacred mountains (TSMs) cover a large area and may represent a landscape-scale conservation opportunity. We compared the conservation value of forests in these mountains with the conservation value of government-established nature reserves and unmanaged open-access areas in Danba County, southwestern China. We used Landsat satellite images to map forest cover and to estimate forest loss in 1974-1989, 1989-1999, and 1999-2013. The TSMs (n = 41) and nature reserves (n = 4) accounted for 21.6% and 29...
December 2015: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
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