keyword

# characterise

keyword
#1
Micha Tobias Maeder, Otto D Schoch, Rebekka Kleiner, Lucas Joerg, Daniel Weilenmann, Swiss Society For Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension associated with left-sided heart disease (PH-LHD) is the most common type of pulmonary hypertension. In patients with left-sided heart disease, the presence of pulmonary hypertension is typically a marker of more advanced disease, more severe symptoms, and worse prognosis. In contrast to pulmonary arterial hypertension, PH-LHD is characterised by an elevated pulmonary artery wedge pressure (postcapillary pulmonary hypertension) without or with an additional precapillary component (isolated postcapillary versus combined postcapillary and precapillary pulmonary hypertension)...
January 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
#2
Sebastiano Bernini, Francesco Puosi, Dino Leporini
We investigate by Molecular Dynamics simulations of a molecular liquid the thermodynamic scaling (TS) of the structural relaxation time $\tau_\alpha$ in terms of the quantity $T\rho^{-\gamma_{ts}}$ where T and rho are the temperature and the density, respectively. The liquid does not exhibit strong virial-energy correlations. We propose how to evaluate both the characteristic exponent $\gamma_{ts}$ and the TS master curve by resorting to experimentally accessible quantities characterising the anharmonic elasticity and no details about the microscopic interactions...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
#3
Kim van Wissen, Michelle Thunders, Karen Mcbride-Henry, Margaret Ward, Jeremy Krebs, Rachel Page
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and sustained high blood glucose as prediabetes are an established comorbidity. People's experience in reconciling these long-term conditions requires deeper appreciation if nurses are to more effectively support person-centred care for people who have them. Our analysis explores the initial experience of people admitted to hospital with CVD who then find they also have sustained high blood glucose. Our methodology is informed by the philosophy of Gadamer and applies interpretive description to develop an interpretation of participant experiences...
January 19, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
#4
REVIEW
Aisha A Aslam, Colin Higgins, Ian P Sinha, Kevin W Southern
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis is a common life-shortening genetic disorder in the Caucasian population (less common in other ethnic groups) caused by the mutation of a single gene that codes for the production of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein. This protein coordinates the transport of salt (and bicarbonate) across cell surfaces and the mutation most notably affects the airways. In the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis, defective protein results in a dehydrated surface liquid and compromised mucociliary clearance...
January 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
#5
REVIEW
C J M van Opbergen, M Delmar, T A B van Veen
Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy, or its most well-known subform arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), is a cardiac disease mainly characterised by a gradual replacement of the myocardial mass by fibrous and fatty tissue, leading to dilatation of the ventricular wall, arrhythmias and progression towards heart failure. ARVC is commonly regarded as a disease of the intercalated disk in which mutations in desmosomal proteins are an important causative factor. Interestingly, the Dutch founder mutation PLN R14Del has been identified to play an additional, and major, role in ARVC patients within the Netherlands...
January 19, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
#6
Zhimei Li, Zhiyin Xiao, Fenfen Xu, Xianghua Zeng, Xiaoming Liu
The reaction of a tripodal ligand (H2L) with a {S2N} donor-set with tri-iron dodecacarbonyl in toluene leads to the isolation of a diiron pentacarbonyl complex 1 as a model for the sub-site of the [FeFe]-hydrogenase. Protonation of this complex under CO (1 atm.) forms quantitatively the hexacarbonyl complex 2H+ with a pendant pyridinium group. Infrared spectroscopic investigations indicate that its pendant pyridinium group dissociates to give hexacarbonyl complex 2 which forms subsequently the pentacarbonyl complex 1...
January 19, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
#7
Jacob B J Chapman, Anna V Kimmel, Dorothy M Duffy
Exotic domain morphologies in ferroic materials are an exciting avenue for the development of novel nanoelectronics. In this work we have used large scale molecular dynamics to construct a strain-temperature phase diagram of the domain morphology of PbTiO3 ultrathin films. Sampling a wide interval of strain values over a temperature range up to the Curie temperature Tc, we found that epitaxial strain induces the formation of a variety of closure- and in-plane domain morphologies. The local strain and ferroelectric-antiferrodistortive coupling at the film surface vary for the strain mediated transition sequence and this could offer a route for experimental observation of the morphologies...
January 19, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
#8
Kathryn Korbel, Anthony Chariton, Sarah Stephenson, Paul Greenfield, Grant C Hose
When compared to surface ecosystems, groundwater sampling has unique constraints, including limited access to ecosystems through wells. In order to monitor groundwater, a detailed understanding of groundwater biota and what biological sampling of wells truly reflects, is paramount. This study aims to address this uncertainty, comparing the composition of biota in groundwater wells prior to and after purging, with samples collected prior to purging reflecting a potentially artificial environment and samples collected after purging representing the surrounding aquifer...
January 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
#9
Dariusz Czaprowski
BACKGROUND: Apart from the recommended specific physiotherapy, the treatment of idiopathic scoliosis (IS) also incorporates non-specific manual therapy (NMT). The aim of this paper is to assess the efficacy of NMT (manual therapy, chiropractic, osteopathy) used in the treatment of children and adolescents with IS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study analysed systematic reviews (Analysis 1) and other recent scientific publications (Analysis 2). Analysis 1 encompassed papers on the use of NMT in patients with IS...
October 28, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
#10
Dinesh Kumar, Nutan Sharma, Manjula Nair
Urinary tract infections commonly occur in humans due to microbial pathogens invading the urinary tract, which can bring about a range of clinical symptoms and potentially fatal sequelae. The present study is aimed at addressing the development of a new antimicrobial agent against extended spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL) producing E. coli bacteria. We have synthesised some biologically potent (NNNN) donor macrocycles (L 1  = dibenzo[f,n]dipyrido[3,4-b:4',3'-j][1,4,9,12]tetraazacyclohexadecine-6,11,18,23(5H,12H, 7H, 24H)-tetraone, and L 2  = 6,12,19,25-tetraoxo-4,6,11,12,16,18,23,24-octahydrotetrabenzo [b,g,k,p][1,5,10,14]tetra azacyclooctadecine-2,13-dicarboxylic acid) and their Ti and Zr metal complexes in alcoholic media using microwave protocol...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
#11
Melissa A Yow, Sepehr N Tabrizi, Gianluca Severi, Damien M Bolton, John Pedersen, Graham G Giles, Melissa C Southey
BACKGROUND: An infectious aetiology for prostate cancer has been conjectured for decades but the evidence gained from questionnaire-based and sero-epidemiological studies is weak and inconsistent, and a causal association with any infectious agent is not established. We describe and evaluate the application of new technology to detect bacterial and viral agents in high-grade prostate cancer tissues. The potential of targeted 16S rRNA gene sequencing and total RNA sequencing was evaluated in terms of its utility to characterise microbial communities within high-grade prostate tumours...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
#12
J M Gómez-Ros, R Bedogni, D Bortot, C Domingo, A Esposito, M V Introini, M Lorenzoli, G Mazzitelli, M Moraleda, A Pola, D Sacco
This communication describes two new instruments, based on multiple active thermal neutron detectors arranged within a single moderator, that permit to unfold the neutron spectrum (from thermal to hundreds of MeV) and to determine the corresponding integral quantities with only one exposure. This makes them especially advantageous for neutron field characterisation and workplace monitoring in neutron-producing facilities. One of the devices has spherical geometry and nearly isotropic response, the other one has cylindrical symmetry and it is only sensitive to neutrons incident along the cylinder axis...
January 17, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
#13
Daniel Gonçalves-Carneiro, Jane A McKeating, Dalan Bailey
: The signalling lymphocyte activation molecule F1 (SLAMF1) is both a microbial sensor and entry receptor for Measles virus (MeV). Herein, we describe a new role for SLAMF1 to mediate MeV endocytosis that is in contrast with the alternative, and generally accepted, model that MeV genome enters cells only after fusion at the cell surface. We demonstrated that MeV engagement of SLAMF1 induces dramatic but transient morphological changes, most prominently in the formation of membrane blebs, which were shown to co-localise with incoming viral particles, and rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton in infected cells...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Virology
#14
Xiaoxiao Ding, Lingdong Kong, Chengtian Du, Assiya Zhanzakova, Lin Wang, Hongbo Fu, Jianmin Chen, Xin Yang, Tiantao Cheng
In this study, the concentrations of water soluble ions (WSI), organic carbon (OC), and elemental carbon (EC) of size-resolved (0.056-18μm) atmospheric aerosols were measured in July and August 2015 in Shanghai, China. Backward trajectory model and potential source contribution function (PSCF) model were used to identify the potential source distributions of size-resolved particles and PM1.8-associated atmospheric inorganic and carbonaceous aerosols. The results showed that the average mass concentrations of PM0...
January 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
#15
Imen Nouioui, Faten Ghodhbane-Gtari, Manfred Rohde, Hans-Peter Klenk, Maher Gtari
The taxonomic description of a nitrogen fixing actinobacterium, strain BMG5.1T, as a new species within the genus Frankia was based on a polyphasic approach. The strain was isolated from the root nodules of Coriaria japonica, and it fulfilled Koch's postulates by inducing effective nodules on Coriaria spp. and Datisca spp. Based on phenotypic and chemotaxonomic features, strain BMG5.1T is distinguishable from all other Frankia species. It is characterised by the presence of PI, DPG, PG and GPL in its polar lipids and galactose, glucose, mannose and a trace of ribose as cellular sugars...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
#16
Ellen E Blaak
The obese insulin resistant and/or prediabetic state is characterised by systemic lipid overflow, mainly driven by an impaired lipid buffering capacity of adipose tissue, and an impaired capacity of skeletal muscle to increase fat oxidation upon increased supply. This leads to the accumulation of bioactive lipid metabolites in skeletal muscle interfering with insulin sensitivity via various mechanisms. In this review, the contribution of dietary v. endogenous fatty acids to lipid overflow, their extraction or uptake by skeletal muscle as well as the fractional synthetic rate, content and composition of the muscle lipid pools is discussed in relation to the development or presence of insulin resistance and/or an impaired glucose metabolism...
January 19, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
#17
Anna Nolte, Johannes Junginger, Berit Baum, Marion Hewicker-Trautwein
Histiocytic ulcerative colitis (HUC) is a chronic enteropathy which most notably occurs in Boxer dogs and French bulldogs. The inflamed mucosa is hallmarked by large, foamy, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-positive macrophages infiltrating the colonic mucosa. As little is known about their origin and phenotype, an immunohistochemical study was performed using different macrophage markers. Generally, canine colonic macrophages showed high expression of ionised calcium-binding adaptor molecule 1 and MHC class II. In canine HUC, macrophages revealed up-regulation of lysozyme and L1 Ag but decreased CD163 expression compared with controls, suggesting them to be pro-inflammatory cells, whereas the healthy colonic mucosa was characterised by an anti-inflammatory macrophage phenotype...
January 1, 2017: Innate Immunity
#18
Nuno A G Bandeira, Omid Sadeghi, Toby J Woods, Yuan-Zhu Zhang, Jürgen Schnack, Kim R Dunbar, May Nyman, Carles Bo
A computational study and magnetic susceptibility measurements of three homonuclear Fe(III) Keggin structures are herein presented: the [FeO4@Fe12F24(μ-OCH3)12]5- anion (1), the [Bi6{FeO4@Fe12O12(OH)12}(μ-O2CCCl3)12]+ cation (2) and its polymorph [Bi6{FeO4@Fe12O12(OH)10(H2O)2}(μ-O2CCF3)10]3+ (3). These results are contrasted with the exchange interactions present in the previously characterised [Fe6(OH)3Ge2W18O68(OH)6]11- and [H12As4Fe8W30O120(H2O)2]4- anions. The computational analysis shows that the most significant anti-ferromagnetic spin coupling takes place at the junction between each of the {Fe3O6(OH)3}/{Fe3F6(OCH3)3} framework motifs, a possibility that had been previously discarded in the literature on the basis of the Fe-Fe distances...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
#19
Weijun Peng, Hongqiang Li, Shaoxian Song
CoAl-layered double hydroxide/fluorinated graphene (CoAl-LDH/FGN) composites were fabricated via a two-step hydrothermal method. The synthesized CoAl-LDH/FGN composites have been characterised by Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and Electrochemical measurements. The results indicated that the fluorinated carbon with various configuration forms were grafted onto the framework of graphene, and the C-F bond configuration and fluorine content could be tuned by the fluorination time...
January 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
#20
H Nijman, S Lammers, M Vrinten, E Bulten
In 2013 in the Netherlands about 100 forensic psychiatric patients were treated in tbs-hospitals for 15 years or more.<br/> AIM: To investigate the variables that characterise patients who have been receiving forensic psychiatric treatment (tbs) for 15 years or more, and to obtain insight in which actions might be helpful to facilitate discharge or transfer of such patients to other (mental health care) facilities, according to their caregivers and experts.<br/> METHOD: The group of long-term tbs-patients (n = 97) was compared with regard to diagnostic characteristics, 'basic historical risks' (as assessed by risk assessment instruments), and behaviour  to three other groups of forensic patients: a...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
keyword
keyword
43771
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.

### Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign