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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457699/personality-distraction-or-driver-in-the-diagnosis-of-depression
#1
Michael Berk, Philip Boyce, Amber Hamilton, Grace Morris, Tim Outhred, Pritha Das, Darryl Bassett, Bernhard T Baune, Bill Lyndon, Roger Mulder, Gordon Parker, Ajeet B Singh, Gin S Malhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 19, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457150/the-links-between-agriculture-anopheles-mosquitoes-and-malaria-risk-in-children-younger-than-5-years-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-a-population-based-cross-sectional-spatial-study
#2
Mark M Janko, Seth R Irish, Brian J Reich, Marc Peterson, Stephanie M Doctor, Melchior Kashamuka Mwandagalirwa, Joris L Likwela, Antoinette K Tshefu, Steven R Meshnick, Michael E Emch
Background: The relationship between agriculture, Anopheles mosquitoes, and malaria in Africa is not fully understood, but it is important for malaria control as countries consider expanding agricultural projects to address population growth and food demand. Therefore, we aimed to assess the effect of agriculture on Anopheles biting behaviour and malaria risk in children in rural areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo). Methods: We did a population-based, cross-sectional, spatial study of rural children (<5 years) in the DR Congo...
February 2018: Lancet. Planetary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457055/tuberculin-skin-test-conversion-and-primary-progressive-tuberculosis-disease-in-the-first-5-years-of-life-a-birth-cohort-study-from-cape-town-south-africa
#3
Leonardo Martinez, David M le Roux, Whitney Barnett, Attie Stadler, Mark P Nicol, Heather J Zar
Background: Tuberculosis is a leading cause of global childhood mortality. However, the epidemiology and burden of tuberculosis in infancy is not well understood. We aimed to investigate tuberculin skin test conversion and tuberculosis in the Drakenstein Child Health study, a South African birth cohort in a community in which tuberculosis incidence is hyperendemic. Methods: In this prospective birth cohort study, we enrolled pregnant women older than 18 years who were between 20 and 28 weeks' gestation and who were attending antenatal care in a peri-urban, impoverished South African setting...
January 2018: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456578/sonographic-parameters-for-diagnosing-fetal-head-engagement-during-labour
#4
Yaw A Wiafe, Bill Whitehead, Heather Venables, Alexander T Odoi
The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic performance of the head-perineum distance, angle of progression, and the head-symphysis distance as intrapartum ultrasound parameters in the determination of an engaged fetal head. Two hundred and one women in labour underwent both ultrasound and digital vaginal examination in the estimation of fetal head station. The transperineal ultrasound measured head-perineum distance, angle of progression, and head-symphysis distance for values correlating with digital vaginal examination head station...
February 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456442/the-effect-of-direction-specific-thoracic-spine-manipulation-on-the-cervical-spine-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Steve Karas, Megan J Olson Hunt, Bill Temes, Martin Thiel, Trenton Swoverland, Brett Windsor
Objectives: To determine the difference on neck outcomes with directional manipulation to the thoracic spine. There is evidence that thoracic spine manipulation is effective in treating patients with neck pain. However, there is no research that determines if the assessment of directional hypomobility and the selection of thrust direction offer improved outcomes. Methods: A total of 69 patients with cervical spine pain were randomly assigned to receive either a manipulation that was consistent with their thoracic spine motion loss (matched) or opposite their motion loss (unmatched)...
February 2018: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455738/no-experience-required-violent-crime-and-anticipated-vicarious-and-experienced-racial-discrimination
#6
Daniel Herda, Bill McCarthy
There is a growing body of evidence linking racial discrimination and juvenile crime, and a number of theories explain this relationship. In this study, we draw on one popular approach, Agnew's general strain theory, and extend prior research by moving from a focus on experienced discrimination to consider two other forms, anticipated and vicarious discrimination. Using data on black, white, and Hispanic youth, from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN), we find that experienced, anticipated, and to a lesser extent, vicarious discrimination, significantly predict violent crime independent of a set of neighborhood, parental, and individual level controls, including prior violent offending...
February 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453520/evaluation-of-a-comprehensive-oral-health-services-program-in-school-based-health-centers
#7
Tara Trudnak Fowler, Gregory Matthews, Cydny Black, Hendi Crosby Kowal, Pamella Vodicka, Elizabeth Edgerton
Objectives In 2011, the Maternal and Child Health Bureau, within the Health Resources and Services Administration, awarded a 4-year grant to increase access to and assure the delivery of quality oral health preventive and restorative services to children. The grant was awarded to organizations serving high-need communities through school-based health centers (SBHCs). This article describes an independent evaluation investigating program efficacy, integration, and sustainability. Methods Program process and outcomes data were gathered from interim and final reports...
February 16, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451733/an-overview-of-leadership-competencies-and-assessment-considerations
#8
Bill Smedick, Eric Rice
This chapter provides an overview of leadership competencies and ways in which colleges and universities can use competency assessment as a tool for current leadership education offerings to assist professionals in revising and expanding programming to better enable their students to become career ready.
March 2018: New Directions for Student Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450948/aduc-prizes-carl-duisberg-memorial-award-for-bill-morandi-new-members-of-the-acad%C3%A3-mie-des-sciences-max-delbr%C3%A3-ck-junior-prize-for-sabrina-disch-novartis-early-career-award
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450440/injection-molded-lab-on-a-disc-platform-for-screening-of-genetically-modified-e-coli-using-liquid-liquid-extraction-and-surface-enhanced-raman-scattering
#10
Lidia Morelli, Laura Serioli, Francesca Alessandra Centorbi, Christian Bille Jendresen, Marco Matteucci, Oleksii Ilchenko, Danilo Demarchi, Alex Toftgaard Nielsen, Kinga Zór, Anja Boisen
We present the development of an automated centrifugal microfluidic platform with integrated sample pre-treatment (filtration and liquid-liquid extraction) and detection (SERS-based sensing). The platform consists of eight calibration and four assay modules, fabricated with polypropylene using injection molding and bonded with ultrasonic welding. The platform was used for detection of a secondary bacterial metabolite (p-coumaric acid) from bacterial supernatant. The obtained extraction efficiency was comparable to values obtained in batch experiments and the SERS-based sensing showed a good correlation with HPLC analysis...
February 16, 2018: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449962/patient-and-public-involvement-in-reducing-health-and-care-research-waste
#11
REVIEW
Virginia Minogue, Mary Cooke, Anne-Laure Donskoy, Penny Vicary, Bill Wells
Plain English summary: As much as 85 % of health research is believed to be wasted because it is not published or reported, the design is poor or does not consider what is already known in the topic area. Although a great deal of work has been done in the UK to reduce research waste, the role of patients and the public has not been discussed.This paper describes a survey, on the role of patients in reducing research waste, which was carried out as part of a larger piece of work on reducing waste in healthcare...
2018: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449815/combinatorial-codes-and-labeled-lines-how-insects-use-olfactory-cues-to-find-and-judge-food-mates-and-oviposition-sites-in-complex-environments
#12
REVIEW
Alexander Haverkamp, Bill S Hansson, Markus Knaden
Insects, including those which provide vital ecosystems services as well as those which are devastating pests or disease vectors, locate their resources mainly based on olfaction. Understanding insect olfaction not only from a neurobiological but also from an ecological perspective is therefore crucial to balance insect control and conservation. However, among all sensory stimuli olfaction is particularly hard to grasp. Our chemical environment is made up of thousands of different compounds, which might again be detected by our nose in multiple ways...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449270/internship-experiences-contribute-to-confident-career-decision-making-for-doctoral-students-in-the-life-sciences
#13
Alexandra M Schnoes, Anne Caliendo, Janice Morand, Teresa Dillinger, Michelle Naffziger-Hirsch, Bruce Moses, Jeffery C Gibeling, Keith R Yamamoto, Bill Lindstaedt, Richard McGee, Theresa C O'Brien
The Graduate Student Internships for Career Exploration (GSICE) program at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), offers structured training and hands-on experience through internships for a broad range of PhD-level careers. The GSICE program model was successfully replicated at the University of California, Davis (UC Davis). Here, we present outcome data for a total of 217 PhD students participating in the UCSF and UC Davis programs from 2010 to 2015 and 2014 to 2015, respectively. The internship programs at the two sites demonstrated comparable participation, internship completion rates, and overall outcomes...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449075/cardiac-transplantation-in-children-with-down-syndrome-turner-syndrome-and-other-chromosomal-anomalies-a-multi-institutional-outcomes-analysis
#14
Christopher R Broda, Antonio G Cabrera, Joseph W Rossano, John L Jefferies, Jeffrey A Towbin, Clifford Chin, Pirouz Shamszad
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence, characteristics, and outcomes in pediatric patients with chromosomal anomalies (CA) undergoing orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT). METHODS: A query of the database of the Pediatric Health Information System, a large administrative and billing database of 43 tertiary children's hospitals, was performed for the Years 2004 to 2016. Pediatric patients who received OHT were analyzed based on presence and type of CA...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448061/allocation-rules-for-global-donors
#15
Alec Morton, Ashwin Arulselvan, Ranjeeta Thomas
In recent years, donors such as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation have made an enormous contribution to the reduction of the global burden of disease. It has been argued that such donors should prioritise interventions based on their cost-effectiveness, that is to say, the ratio of costs to benefits. Against this, we argue that the donor should fund not the most cost-effective interventions, but rather interventions which are just cost-ineffective for the country, thus encouraging the country to contribute its own domestic resources to the fight against disease...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447948/roles-of-ihh-signaling-in-chondroprogenitor-function-in-postnatal-condylar-cartilage
#16
Naito Kurio, Cheri Saunders, Till E Bechtold, Imad Salhab, Hyun-Duck Nah, Sayantani Sinha, Paul C Billings, Maurizio Pacifici, Eiki Koyama
Condylar articular cartilage in mouse temporomandibular joint develops from progenitor cells near the articulating surface that proliferate, undergo chondrogenesis and mature into hypertrophic chondrocytes. However, it remains unclear how these processes are regulated, particularly postnatally. Here we focused on the apical polymorphic layer rich in progenitors and asked whether the phenotype and fate of the cells require signaling by Indian hedgehog (Ihh) previously studied in developing long bones. In condyles in newborn mice, the apical polymorphic/progenitor cell layer was ~10 cell layer-thick and expressed the articular matrix marker Tenascin-C (Tn-C), and the underlying thick cell layer expressed Tn-C as well as the chondrogenic master regulator Sox9...
February 12, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447898/challenges-and-outcomes-of-cholesteatoma-management-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#17
Saied Ghadersohi, Bharat Bhushan, Kathleen R Billings
INTRODUCTION: The high incidence of chronic otitis media with effusion and Eustachian tube dysfunction in children with Down syndrome (DS) may predispose them to cholesteatoma formation. Establishing the diagnosis, choosing the appropriate operative intervention, and post-operative care can be challenging. OBJECTIVE: To describe management strategies for cholesteatoma diagnosis, surgical treatment, and post-operative management in children with Down syndrome. METHODS: Retrospective case series of 14 patients (17 total ears) with Down syndrome diagnosed with cholesteatoma over a 9-year period...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447890/outcomes-of-adenoidectomy-alone-in-patients-less-than-3-years-old
#18
Kishan M Thadikonda, Amber D Shaffer, Amanda L Stapleton
OBJECTIVES: 1. Determine the percentage of patients under the age of 3 undergoing adenoidectomy-alone who require subsequent management of residual sleep disordered breathing (SDB).2. Characterize complications following adenoidectomy and determine if any perioperative factors are associated with intra-operative or post-operative complications and outcomes. METHODS: Case series with chart review was conducted including children seen at a tertiary care children's hospital between 2008 and 2012...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447188/comparing-deep-learning-and-concept-extraction-based-methods-for-patient-phenotyping-from-clinical-narratives
#19
Sebastian Gehrmann, Franck Dernoncourt, Yeran Li, Eric T Carlson, Joy T Wu, Jonathan Welt, John Foote, Edward T Moseley, David W Grant, Patrick D Tyler, Leo A Celi
In secondary analysis of electronic health records, a crucial task consists in correctly identifying the patient cohort under investigation. In many cases, the most valuable and relevant information for an accurate classification of medical conditions exist only in clinical narratives. Therefore, it is necessary to use natural language processing (NLP) techniques to extract and evaluate these narratives. The most commonly used approach to this problem relies on extracting a number of clinician-defined medical concepts from text and using machine learning techniques to identify whether a particular patient has a certain condition...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446829/injection-testosterone-and-adverse-cardiovascular-events-a-case-crossover-analysis
#20
J Bradley Layton, Dongmei Li, Christoph R Meier, Julie L Sharpless, Til Stürmer, M Alan Brookhart
CONTEXT: Exogenous testosterone administration may affect blood clotting, polycythemia, and may increase atherosclerosis, though any association with cardiovascular events is unclear. While the literature is inconclusive, some studies have suggested testosterone use may increase short-term risk of cardiovascular events and stroke, and injection testosterone may convey higher risks than other dosage forms. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the short-term cardiovascular risk of receiving injection testosterone...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
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