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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040238/routine-screening-for-iron-deficiency-is-an-important-component-of-athlete-care
#1
Robert F Chapman, Jacob Sinex, Randall Wilber, Alicia Kendig, Bill Moreau, Dustin Nabhan, James Stray-Gundersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035206/parametric-dependencies-of-sliding-window-correlation
#2
Sadia Shakil, Jacob C Billings, Shella D Keilholz, Chin-Hui Lee
OBJECTIVE: In this paper we explore the dependence of sliding window correlation (SWC) results on different parameters of correlating signals. The SWC is extensively used to explore the dynamics of functional connectivity (FC) networks using resting-state functional MRI (rsfMRI) scans. These scanned signals are often non-stationary and comprised of signals with multiple amplitudes, frequencies, and phases. However, the exact values of these parameters are unknown. Two recent studies explored the relationship of window length and frequencies (minimum/maximum) in the correlating signals...
October 13, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034473/development-and-maturation-of-the-fibrous-components-of-the-arterial-roots-in-the-mouse-heart
#3
Rachel Richardson, Lorraine Eley, Charlotte Donald-Wilson, Jonathon Davis, Natasha Curley, Ahlam Alqahtani, Lindsay Murphy, Robert H Anderson, Deborah J Henderson, Bill Chaudhry
The arterial roots are important transitional regions of the heart, connecting the intrapericardial components of the aortic and pulmonary trunks with their ventricular outlets. They house the arterial (semilunar) valves and, in the case of the aorta, are the points of coronary arterial attachment. Moreover, because of the semilunar attachments of the valve leaflets, the arterial roots span the anatomic ventriculo-arterial junction. By virtue of this arrangement, the interleaflet triangles, despite being fibrous, are found on the ventricular aspect of the root and located within the left ventricular cavity...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032786/contribution-of-stakeholder-engagement-to-the-impact-of-a-health-technology-assessment-an-irish-case-study
#4
Máirín Ryan, Patrick S Moran, Patricia Harrington, Linda Murphy, Michelle O'Neill, Marty Whelan, Conor Teljeur
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to illustrate the contribution of stakeholder engagement to the impact of health technology assessment (HTA) using an Irish HTA of a national public access defibrillation (PAD) program. BACKGROUND: In response to draft legislation that proposed a PAD program, the Minister for Health requested that Health Information and Quality Authority undertake an HTA to inform the design and implementation of a national PAD program and the necessary underpinning legislation...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031848/local-national-and-regional-viral-haemorrhagic-fever-pandemic-potential-in-africa-a-multistage-analysis
#5
David M Pigott, Aniruddha Deshpande, Ian Letourneau, Chloe Morozoff, Robert C Reiner, Moritz U G Kraemer, Shannon E Brent, Isaac I Bogoch, Kamran Khan, Molly H Biehl, Roy Burstein, Lucas Earl, Nancy Fullman, Jane P Messina, Adrian Q N Mylne, Catherine L Moyes, Freya M Shearer, Samir Bhatt, Oliver J Brady, Peter W Gething, Daniel J Weiss, Andrew J Tatem, Luke Caley, Tom De Groeve, Luca Vernaccini, Nick Golding, Peter Horby, Jens H Kuhn, Sandra J Laney, Edmond Ng, Peter Piot, Osman Sankoh, Christopher J L Murray, Simon I Hay
BACKGROUND: Predicting when and where pathogens will emerge is difficult, yet, as shown by the recent Ebola and Zika epidemics, effective and timely responses are key. It is therefore crucial to transition from reactive to proactive responses for these pathogens. To better identify priorities for outbreak mitigation and prevention, we developed a cohesive framework combining disparate methods and data sources, and assessed subnational pandemic potential for four viral haemorrhagic fevers in Africa, Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever, Ebola virus disease, Lassa fever, and Marburg virus disease...
October 11, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031314/corrigendum-to-aiming-for-a-holistic-integrated-service-for-men-diagnosed-with-prostate-cancer-definitions-of-standards-and-skill-sets-for-nurses-and-allied-healthcare-professionals-eur-j-oncol-nurs-29-2017-31-38
#6
Alastair D Lamb, Sue Thompson, Netty Kinsella, Ingmar Gerbitz, Elaine Chapman, Lisa Putt, Sophie Bennett, Vineetha Thankappannair, Lisa Geoghegan, Naomi Wright, Alison Stirton-Croft, Penny Nixon, Andrew Styling, Diane Whitney, Lindsay Hodgson, Lisa Punt, Jenny Longmore, Mike Carter, Bill Petch, Yvonne Rimmer, Simon Russell, Luke Hughes-Davies, Danish Mazhar, Nimish C Shah, Vincent J Gnanapragasam, Andrew Doble, Ola Bratt, Christof Kastner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031290/privately-practising-nurse-practitioners-provision-of-care-subsidised-through-the-medicare-benefits-schedule-and-the-pharmaceutical-benefits-scheme-in-australia-results-from-a-national-survey
#7
Jane Currie, Mary Chiarella, Thomas Buckley
Objective Since legislative changes in 2010, certain health care services provided by privately practising nurse practitioners (PPNPs) in Australia have been eligible for reimbursement under the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) and the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS). The aim of the present study was to describe survey results relating to the care provided by PPNPs subsidised through the MBS and PBS.Methods PPNPs in Australia were invited to complete an electronic survey exploring their practice activities...
October 16, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030101/genome-wide-association-study-and-meta-analysis-in-multiple-populations-identifies-new-loci-for-peanut-allergy-and-establishes-c11orf30-emsy-as-a-genetic-risk-factor-for-food-allergy
#8
Yuka Asai, Aida Eslami, C Dorien van Ginkel, Loubna Akhabir, Ming Wan, George Ellis, Moshe Ben-Shoshan, David Martino, Manuel A Ferreira, Katrina Allen, Bruce Mazer, Hans de Groot, Nicolette W de Jong, Roy N Gerth van Wijk, Anthony E J Dubois, Rick Chin, Steven Cheuk, Joshua Hoffman, Eric Jorgensen, John S Witte, Ronald B Melles, Xiumei Hong, Xiaobin Wang, Jennie Hui, Arthur W Bill Musk, Michael Hunter, Alan L James, Gerard H Koppelman, Andrew J Sandford, Ann E Clarke, Denise Daley
BACKGROUND: Peanut allergy (PA) is a complex disease with both environmental and genetic risk factors. Previously PA loci were identified in FLG and HLA in candidate gene studies, and loci in HLA in a genome-wide association study and meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate genetic susceptibility to PA. METHODS: Eight hundred and fifty cases and 926 hyper-controls and >7.8 million genotyped and imputed single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were analyzed in a genome-wide association study to identify susceptibility variants for PA in the Canadian population...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029685/using-structured-and-unstructured-data-to-identify-patients-need-for-services-that-address-the-social-determinants-of-health
#9
Joshua R Vest, Shaun J Grannis, Dawn P Haut, Paul K Halverson, Nir Menachemi
INTRODUCTION: Increasingly, health care providers are adopting population health management approaches that address the social determinants of health (SDH). However, effectively identifying patients needing services that address a SDH in primary care settings is challenging. The purpose of the current study is to explore how various data sources can identify adult primary care patients that are in need of services that address SDH. METHODS: A cross-sectional study described patients in need of SDH services offered by a safety-net hospital's federally qualified health center clinics...
November 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029354/cost-analysis-of-sending-routine-pathology-specimens-following-total-joint-arthroplasty-in-the-age-of-bundled-payments
#10
Hayden S Holbrook, Johannes F Plate, Maxwell K Langfitt, Jason E Lang, John S Shields
Bundled payment plans are being developed as a means to curb healthcare spending. Routine histology following total hip arthroplasties (THA) and total knee arthroplasties (TKA) is standard practice at many institutions. Recently, the value of this practice has been questioned as histologic diagnoses in THA and TKA rarely differ from the clinical diagnoses. The goal of this study is to identify discrepant and discordant diagnoses following THA and TKA at an academic medical center and to calculate the cost-saving potential in the setting of a bundled payment plan...
October 12, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029035/long-term-survival-and-causes-of-death-in-patients-with-st-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome-without-obstructive-coronary-artery-disease
#11
Hedvig Bille Andersson, Frants Pedersen, Thomas Engstrøm, Steffen Helqvist, Morten Kvistholm Jensen, Erik Jørgensen, Henning Kelbæk, Sune Bernd Emil Werner Räder, Kari Saunamäki, Eric Bates, Peer Grande, Lene Holmvang, Peter Clemmensen
Aims: We aimed to study survival and causes of death in patients with ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (STE-ACS) with and without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods and results: We included 4793 consecutive patients with STE-ACS triaged for acute coronary angiography at a large cardiac invasive centre (2009-2014). Of these, 88% had obstructive CAD (stenosis ≥50%), 6% had non-obstructive CAD (stenosis 1-49%), and 5% had normal coronary arteries...
September 23, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028437/stimulants-do-not-increase-the-risk-of-seizure-related-hospitalizations-in-children-with-epilepsy
#12
Xinyue Liu, Paul R Carney, Regina Bussing, Richard Segal, Linda B Cottler, Almut G Winterstein
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety of stimulants in children with epilepsy. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study based on Medicaid Analytic eXtract billing records from 26 U.S. states from 1999 to 2010, we identified incident stimulant use among children with epilepsy through outpatient encounter claims and pharmacy claims. We established a control group of nonusers and used frequency matching to generate index dates. We followed both cohorts for 12 months and calculated hazard ratios [HRs] of current and former use of stimulants versus no use on the outcome of seizure-related hospitalization using multivariate Cox proportional hazard models...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025635/how-ethiopia-achieved-millennium-development-goal-4-through-multisectoral-interventions-a-countdown-to-2015-case-study
#13
Jenny Ruducha, Carlyn Mann, Neha S Singh, Tsegaye D Gemebo, Negussie S Tessema, Angela Baschieri, Ingrid Friberg, Taddese A Zerfu, Mohammed Yassin, Giovanny A Franca, Peter Berman
BACKGROUND: 3 years before the 2015 deadline, Ethiopia achieved Millennium Development Goal 4. The under-5 mortality decreased 69%, from 205 deaths per 1000 livebirths in 1990 to 64 deaths per 1000 livebirths in 2013. To understand the underlying factors that contributed to the success in achieving MDG4, Ethiopia was selected as a Countdown to 2015 case study. METHODS: We used a set of complementary methods to analyse progress in child health in Ethiopia between 1990 and 2014...
November 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025634/catastrophic-costs-potentially-averted-by-tuberculosis-control-in-india-and-south-africa-a-modelling-study
#14
Stéphane Verguet, Carlos Riumallo-Herl, Gabriela B Gomez, Nicolas A Menzies, Rein M G J Houben, Tom Sumner, Marek Lalli, Richard G White, Joshua A Salomon, Ted Cohen, Nicola Foster, Susmita Chatterjee, Sedona Sweeney, Inés Garcia Baena, Knut Lönnroth, Diana E Weil, Anna Vassall
BACKGROUND: The economic burden on households affected by tuberculosis through costs to patients can be catastrophic. WHO's End TB Strategy recognises and aims to eliminate these potentially devastating economic effects. We assessed whether aggressive expansion of tuberculosis services might reduce catastrophic costs. METHODS: We estimated the reduction in tuberculosis-related catastrophic costs with an aggressive expansion of tuberculosis services in India and South Africa from 2016 to 2035, in line with the End TB Strategy...
November 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025442/the-evolution-of-research-participant-protections-in-south-africa
#15
Amaboo Dhai
South Africa (SA) has played a leading role in health research internationally. Ethical guidelines for the protection of research participants have been published by the Medical Research Council (MRC) as early as 1979. Ironically, the guidelines gave substantial prominence to the oppressive laws of the time. In its 4th edition of the guidelines, the MRC placed emphasis on SA needs, and incorporated the principles of the Bill of Rights of the SA Constitution 1996 into its guidelines. The most significant milestone in the history of participant protections in SA was the inclusion of research and experimentation in the Bill of Rights of the Constitution and the statutory legislation of protections in the National Health Act No...
June 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025237/the-role-of-injectables-in-aesthetic-surgery-financial-implications
#16
Bryson G Richards, William F Schleicher, Gehaan F D'Souza, Raymond Isakov, James E Zins
Background: The plastic surgeon competes with both core and noncore physicians and surgeons for traditional cosmetic procedures. In 2007, the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) and the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) joined efforts to form a Cosmetic Medicine Task Force to further analyze this trend. Objectives: Our objective is to document and quantify the patient capture and total collections generated in a single surgeon's practice exclusive from Botulinum Toxin A and filler injections over a 10-year period...
October 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023259/personal-and-professional-characteristics-of-u-s-dual-boarded-critical-care-cardiologists-in-2015
#17
Daniel M Blumenthal, Bassem Mikhael, Patrick R Lawler, Robert W Yeh, Joshua P Metlay, David M Dudzinski
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the characteristics of U.S. physicians who are board certified in cardiology and critical care medicine ("dual-boarded cardiologists"). DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study using a comprehensive database of licensed U.S. physicians linked to Medicare claims. SETTING: The United States. SUBJECTS: Dual-boarded cardiologists. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We used a comprehensive physician database to identify all physicians who were board certified in cardiology and critical care medicine before July 2015...
October 11, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022830/direct-costs-for-nonsurgical-management-of-chronic-pancreatitis-in-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital
#18
Nagesh Kamat, Ganesh Pai, Surulivel Rajan Mallayasamy, Asha Kamath, Rajasulochana S
BACKGROUND: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a leading cause of hospitalization among gastrointestinal diseases resulting in considerable financial burden to patients. However the direct costs for nonsurgical management in CP remains unexplored. METHODS: A cross sectional study was carried out (2011-14) in the Department of Gastroenterology, Kasturba Hospital, Manipal, India. Demographic and clinical data on laboratory investigations, interventions and follow up were obtained from the medical records department...
October 12, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021954/continous-rituximab-treatment-for-recurrent-diffuse-alveolar-hemorrhage-in-a-patient-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-antiphosholipid-syndrome
#19
Signe Aakjær, Elisabeth Bendstrup, Per Ivarsen, Line Bille Madsen
Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) is a rare but potentially fatal complication in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). DAH is typically characterized by hemoptysis, dyspnea, new infiltrates on chest x-rays or CT-scans and a drop in hemoglobin. DAH is seen in less than 2% of patients with SLE and carries a high acute mortality risk of up to 70-90%. The current treatment of DAH is high-dose intravenous corticosteroids, cyclophosphamide and extensive supportive care. Plasmapheresis is also often considered in the treatment...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021276/economic-impact-of-subsequent-depression-in-patients-with-a-new-diagnosis-of-stable-angina-a-population-based-study
#20
Natalie Szpakowski, Feng Qiu, Shannon Masih, Paul Kurdyak, Harindra C Wijeysundera
BACKGROUND: Depression is strongly linked to increased morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic stable angina; however, its associated healthcare costs have been less well studied. Our objective was to identify the characteristics of chronic stable patients found to have depression and to determine the impact of an occurrence of depression on healthcare costs within 1 year of a diagnosis of stable angina. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this population-based study conducted in Ontario, Canada, we identified patients diagnosed with stable angina based on angiogram between October 1, 2008, and September 30, 2013...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
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