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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675644/pediatrician-experienced-barriers-in-the-medical-care-for-refugee-children-in-the-netherlands
#1
A Baauw, S Rosiek, B Slattery, M Chinapaw, M Boele van Hensbroek, J B van Goudoever, J Kist-van Holthe
Pediatricians in the Netherlands have been confronted with high numbers of refugee children in their daily practice. Refugee children have been recognized as an at-risk population because they may have an increased burden of physical and mental health conditions, and their caretakers may experience barriers in gaining access to the Dutch health care system. The aim of the study was to gain insight into the barriers in the health care for refugee children perceived by pediatricians by analyzing logistical problems reported through the Dutch Pediatric Surveillance Unit, an online system where pediatricians can report predefined conditions...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672577/the-contribution-of-open-comments-to-understanding-the-results-from-the-hospital-survey-on-patient-safety-culture-hsops-a-qualitative-study
#2
Bastien Boussat, Kevin Kamalanavin, Patrice François
INTRODUCTION: To develop high-quality and safe healthcare, a good safety culture is an important feature of healthcare-providing structures. The objective of this study was to analyze the qualitative data of the comments section of a Hospital Survey on Patient Safety (HSOPS) questionnaire to clarify the answers given to the closed questions. METHOD: Using the original data from a cross-sectional survey of 5,064 employees at a single university hospital in France, we conducted a qualitative study by analyzing the comments of a HSOPS survey and conducting in-depth interviews with 19 healthcare providers...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672526/structured-patient-handoff-on-an-internal-medicine-ward-a-cluster-randomized-control-trial
#3
Penny Tam, Aman P Nijjar, Mark Fok, Chris Little, Alexandra Shingina, Jesse Bittman, Rashmi Raghavan, Nadia A Khan
BACKGROUND: The effect of a multi-faceted handoff strategy in a high volume internal medicine inpatient setting on process and patient outcomes has not been clearly established. We set out to determine if a multi-faceted handoff intervention consisting of education, standardized handoff procedures, including fixed time and location for face-to-face handoff would result in improved rates of handoff compared with usual practice. We also evaluated resident satisfaction, health resource utilization and clinical outcomes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627675/the-effect-of-workforce-assignment-on-performance-evidence-from-home-health-care
#4
Guy David, Kunhee Lucy Kim
Effective workforce assignment has the potential for improving performance. Using novel home health data combining provider work logs, personnel data, and detailed patient records, we estimate the effect of provider handoffs-a marker of care discontinuity-on hospital readmissions, an important performance measure for healthcare systems. We use workflow interruption caused by attrition and providers' work inactivity as an instrument for nurse handoffs. We find handoffs to substantially increase hospital readmissions...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620675/educational-interventions-to-improve-handover-in-health-care-an-updated-systematic-review
#5
Morris Gordon, Elaine Hill, Jennifer N Stojan, Michelle Daniel
PURPOSE: Effective handovers (handoffs) are vital to patient safety. Medical educators investigated educational interventions to improve handovers in a 2011 systematic review. The number of publications on handover education has increased since then, so authors undertook this updated review. METHOD: The authors considered studies involving educational interventions to improve handover amongst undergraduate or postgraduate health professionals in acute care settings...
April 3, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613769/protein-protein-interactions-in-the-molecular-chaperone-network
#6
Rebecca Freilich, Taylor Arhar, Jennifer L Abrams, Jason E Gestwicki
Molecular chaperones play a central role in protein homeostasis (a.k.a. proteostasis) by balancing protein folding, quality control, and turnover. To perform these diverse tasks, chaperones need the malleability to bind nearly any "client" protein and the fidelity to detect when it is misfolded. Remarkably, these activities are carried out by only ∼180 dedicated chaperones in humans. How do a relatively small number of chaperones maintain cellular and organismal proteostasis for an entire proteome? Furthermore, once a chaperone binds a client, how does it "decide" what to do with it? One clue comes from observations that individual chaperones engage in protein-protein interactions (PPIs)-both with each other and with their clients...
April 3, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601462/incident-reporting-to-improve-patient-safety-the-effects-of-process-variance-on-pediatric-patient-safety-in-the-emergency-department
#7
Karen J OʼConnell, Kathy N Shaw, Richard M Ruddy, Prashant V Mahajan, Richard Lichenstein, Cody S Olsen, Tomohiko Funai, Stephen Blumberg, James M Chamberlain
OBJECTIVE: Medical errors threaten patient safety, especially in the pediatric emergency department (ED) where overcrowding, multiple handoffs, and workflow interruptions are common. Errors related to process variance involve situations that are not consistent with standard ED operations or routine patient care. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: We performed a planned subanalysis of the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network incident reporting data classified as process variance events...
April 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601339/the-role-of-the-electronic-medical-record-in-the-intensive-care-unit-nurse-s-detection-of-patient-deterioration-a-qualitative-study
#8
Laurel A Despins, Bonnie J Wakefield
Failure to detect patient deterioration signals leads to longer stays in the hospital, worse functional outcomes, and higher hospital mortality rates. Surveillance, including ongoing acquisition, interpretation, and synthesis of patient data by the nurse, is essential for early risk detection. Electronic medical records promote accessibility and retrievability of patient data and can support patient surveillance. A secondary analysis was performed on interview data from 24 intensive care unit nurses, collected in a study that examined factors influencing nurse responses to alarms...
March 30, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596702/evaluating-the-influence-of-a-standardized-bedside-handoff-process-in-a-medical-surgical-unit
#9
Ronnita Usher, Sherill Nones Cronin, Nancy L York
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is a national and global concern. In the United States, medical errors result in more than 50,000 unnecessary patient deaths annually and contribute to billions of dollars in health care costs. The purpose of this project was to evaluate a standardized bedside handoff process and its influence in a medical-surgical unit. METHOD: A quality improvement project was performed in a medical-surgical unit and consisted of development, implementation, and evaluation of a standardized bedside handoff...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596134/assessing-resident-safety-culture-in-six-nursing-homes-in-belgium
#10
Melissa Desmedt, Mirko Petrovic, Petra Beuckelaere, Dominique Vandijck
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim was to measure resident safety culture in six nursing homes in northern Belgium (Flanders). In addition, differences in safety culture perceptions between professions were also examined. Finally, results of the present study were compared with the Nursing Home Comparative Database from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (USA). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted by administering the Nursing Home Survey on Patient Safety Culture in six nursing homes in Belgium (Flanders)...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581808/standardized-reporting-system-use-during-handoffs-reduces-patient-length-of-stay-in-the-emergency-department
#11
Robert T Dahlquist, Karina Reyner, Richard D Robinson, Ali Farzad, Jessica Laureano-Phillips, John S Garrett, Joseph M Young, Nestor R Zenarosa, Hao Wang
Background: Emergency department (ED) shift handoffs are potential sources of delay in care. We aimed to determine the impact that using standardized reporting tool and process may have on throughput metrics for patients undergoing a transition of care at shift change. Methods: We performed a prospective, pre- and post-intervention quality improvement study from September 1 to November 30, 2015. A handoff procedure intervention, including a mandatory workshop and personnel training on a standard reporting system template, was implemented...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560154/patient-safety-culture-and-job-stress-among-nurses-in-mazandaran-iran
#12
Saeed Asefzadeh, Rohollah Kalhor, Mohammad Tir
Background: Paying attention to patient safety is a basic right and a necessary issue in providing medical care, and failure to observe it leads to irreparable damage. One of the factors affecting an individuals' performance in an organization is stress, which also endangers their health. Objective: To determine the relationship between patient safety culture and levels of job stress among the nurses working in the hospitals affiliated with Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560068/evaluation-of-a-novel-handoff-communication-strategy-for-patients-admitted-from-the-emergency-department
#13
Christopher J Smith, Russell J Buzalko, Nathan Anderson, Joel Michalski, Jordan Warchol, Stephen Ducey, Chad E Branecki
Introduction: Miscommunication during inter-unit handoffs between emergency and internal medicine physicians may jeopardize patient safety. Our goal was to evaluate the impact of a structured communication strategy on the quality of admission handoffs. Methods: We conducted a mixed-methods, pre-test/post-test study at a 560-bed academic health center with 60,000 emergency department (ED) patient visits per year. Admission-handoff best practices were integrated into a modified SBAR format, resulting in the Situation, Background, Assessment, Responsibilities & Risk, Discussion & Disposition, Read-back & Record (SBAR-DR) model...
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556533/it-takes-a-village-microbial-communities-thrive-through-interactions-and-metabolic-handoffs
#14
Laura A Hug, Rebecca Co
An enduring theme in microbial ecology is the interdependence of microbial community members. Interactions between community members include provision of cofactors, establishment of redox gradients, and turnover of key nutrients to drive biogeochemical cycles. Pathways canonically conducted by isolated organisms in laboratory cultures are instead collective products of diverse and interchangeable microbes in the environment. Current sequence-based methods provide unprecedented access to uncultivated microorganisms, allowing prediction of previously cryptic roles in biogeochemical cycles and interactions within communities...
March 2018: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547887/an-evaluation-of-navy-en-route-care-training-using-a-high-fidelity-medical-simulation-scenario-of-interfacility-patient-transport
#15
Christine A DeForest, Virginia Blackman, John E Alex, Lauren Reeves, Alejandra Mora, Crystal Perez, Joseph Maddry, Domenique Selby, Benjamin Walrath
Introduction: Military prehospital and en route care (ERC) directly impacts patient morbidity and mortality. Provider knowledge and skills are critical variables in the effectiveness of ERC. No Navy doctrine defines provider choice for patient transport or requires standardized provider training. Frequently, Search and Rescue Medical Technicians (SMTs) and Navy Nurses (ERC RNs) are tasked with this mission though physicians have also been used. Navy ERC provider training varies greatly by professional role...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544410/novel-3d-display-of-heart-models-in-the-postoperative-care-setting-improves-cicu-caregiver-confidence
#16
Laura J Olivieri, David Zurakowski, Karthik Ramakrishnan, Lillian Su, Fahad A Alfares, Matthew R Irwin, Jenna Heichel, Axel Krieger, Dilip S Nath
BACKGROUND: Postoperative care delivered in the pediatric cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) relies on providers' understanding of patients' congenital heart defects (CHDs) and procedure performed. Novel, bedside use of virtual, three-dimensional (3D) heart models creates access to patients' CHD to improve understanding. This study evaluates the impact of patient-specific virtual 3D heart models on CICU provider attitudes and care delivery. METHODS: Virtual 3D heart models were created from standard preoperative cardiac imaging of ten patients with CHD undergoing repair and displayed on a bedside tablet in the CICU...
March 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535061/four-step-protocol-for-disparities-in-stemi-care-and-outcomes-in-women
#17
Chetan P Huded, Michael Johnson, Kathleen Kravitz, Venu Menon, Mouin Abdallah, Travis C Gullett, Scott Hantz, Stephen G Ellis, Seth R Podolsky, Stephen W Meldon, Damon M Kralovic, Deborah Brosovich, Elizabeth Smith, Samir R Kapadia, Umesh N Khot
BACKGROUND: Women with STEMI receive suboptimal care and have worse outcomes than men. Whether strategies to reduce STEMI care variability impact disparities in the care and outcomes of women with STEMI is unknown. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the care and outcomes of men vs. women with STEMI before and after implementation of a comprehensive STEMI protocol. METHODS: On 7/15/14 we implemented: (1) emergency department catheterization lab activation, (2) STEMI Safe Handoff Checklist, (3) immediate transfer to an immediately available catheterization lab, and (4) radial first approach to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
March 7, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519587/on-the-same-page-nurse-patient-and-family-perceptions-of-change-of-shift-bedside-report
#18
Donna K Bigani, Andrea M Correia
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore nurse, patient, and family perceptions about change-of-shift bedside report in the pediatric setting and to describe specific safety concerns that were identified during change-of-shift handoff. DESIGN AND METHODS: An exploratory-descriptive qualitative study designed to elicit nurse, patient, and family experience with change-of-shift bedside report was utilized for this study. Interviews were conducted and reviewed to identify common themes...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516542/a-delphi-study-to-identify-the-core-components-of-nurse-to-nurse-handoff
#19
Jennifer O'Rourke, Joanna Abraham, Lee Ann Riesenberg, Jeff Matson, Karen Dunn Lopez
AIM: To identify the core components of nurse-nurse handoffs. BACKGROUND: Patient handoffs involve a process of passing information, responsibility and control from one caregiver to the next during care transitions. Around the globe, ineffective handoffs have serious consequences resulting in wrong treatments, delays in diagnosis, longer stays, medication errors, patient falls and patient deaths. To date, the core components of nurse-nurse handoff have not been identified...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516433/efficiency-of-electronic-signout-for-ed-to-inpatient-admission-at-a-non-teaching-hospital
#20
Jennifer M Singleton, Leon D Sanchez, Barbara A Masser, Betzalel Reich
Admission handoff is a high-risk component of patient care. Previous studies have shown that a standardized physician electronic signout ("eSignout") may improve ED-to-inpatient handoff safety and efficiency in teaching hospitals. This model has not yet been studied in non-teaching hospitals. The objectives of the study were to determine the efficiency of an eSignout platform at a community affiliate hospital by comparing ED length of stay (LOS) for a 5-month period before and after implementation and to compare the quality assurance (QA) events among admitted patients for the same time period...
March 7, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
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