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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194184/biomechanical-comparison-of-loaded-countermovement-jumps-performed-on-land-and-in-water
#1
Talin Louder, Eadric Bressel, Clint Nardoni, Dennis Dolny
Researchers have observed physical improvements following the completion of aquatic-based jump training. However, there is a lack of research on the biomechanical specificity of aquatic-based movement. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the kinetics and kinematics of loaded countermovement jumps performed in water versus land. Twenty young males and twenty-four NCAA division I women's soccer and gymnastics athletes were asked to perform unloaded and loaded countermovement jumps on land and in chest-deep water immersion...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189580/comparison-of-body-composition-variables-across-a-large-sample-of-ncaa-women-athletes-from-six-competitive-sports
#2
Jennifer B Fields, Casey J Metoyer, Jason C Casey, Michael R Esco, Andrew R Jagim, Margaret T Jones
Body composition (BC) plays a critical role in sport performance and athlete health. Body size and BC have been widely studied in men's sports, with reported changes observed over time. However, a paucity of current data exists in women athletes. The purpose of the current descriptive study was to measure and compare BC data for collegiate women athletes from six competitive sports. A total of 524 athletes from two NCAA institutions participated: basketball (BB; n = 95), gymnastics (GYM; n = 42), lacrosse (LAX; n = 81), rowing (ROW; n = 57), soccer (SOC; n = 188), and volleyball (VB; n = 61)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116829/nonsurgical-management-of-an-anterior-cruciate-ligament-deficient-knee-in-a-women-s-soccer-player-a-validation-clinical-case-report
#3
Courtney E Gray, Chris Hummel, Todd Lazenby
BACKGROUND:   A collegiate women's soccer player sustained an isolated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear and expressed a desire to continue her season without surgical intervention. DESIGN:   Case report. INTERVENTION(S):   Using the results of a randomized controlled trial and published clinical guidelines, the clinicians classified the patient as an ACL-deficient coper. The patient completed her soccer season without incident, consistent with the findings of the established clinical guidelines...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083126/exercise-to-rest-ratios-in-rsa-training-in-women-s-soccer
#4
Bruno Ruscello, Mario Esposito, Filippo Partipilo, Dalila DI Cicco, Cristoforo Filetti, Laura Pantanella, Stefano D'Ottavio
BACKGROUND: To investigate the applicability of three different exercise to rest ratios in RSA training in women's soccer players, applying those ones already adopted in male adult and young players, when performing three different sprinting modes (straight, shuttle and sprinting with changing of direction). METHODS: 15 trained female soccer players (height: 1.65 ± 0.06 m; weight: 59.3 ± 9.0 kg; BMI 21.6 ± 2.7 kg·m-2; age: 23.3±5.9 years) participated to the study...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067629/multifactorial-examination-of-sex-differences-in-head-injuries-and-concussions-among-collegiate-soccer-players-ncaa-iss-2004-2009
#5
Avinash Chandran, Mary J Barron, Beverly J Westerman, Loretta DiPietro
BACKGROUND: While head injuries and concussions are major concerns among soccer players, the multifactorial nature of head injury observations in this group remains relatively undefined. We aim to extend previous analyses and examine sex-differences in the incidence of head injuries, odds of head injuries within an injured sample, and severity of head injuries, among collegiate soccer players between 2004 and 2009. METHODS: Data collected within the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Injury Surveillance System (ISS) between the years of 2004 and 2009, were analyzed in this study...
October 25, 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038365/muscle-ion-transporters-and-antioxidative-proteins-have-different-adaptive-potential-in-arm-than-in-leg-skeletal-muscle-with-exercise-training
#6
Magni Mohr, Tobias Schmidt Nielsen, Pál Weihe, Jákup A Thomsen, Giovanna Aquino, Peter Krustrup, Nikolai B Nordsborg
It was evaluated whether upper-body compared to lower-body musculature exhibits a different phenotype in relation to capacity for handling reactive oxygen species (ROS), H(+), La(-), Na(+), K(+) and also whether it differs in adaptive potential to exercise training. Eighty-three sedentary premenopausal women aged 45 ± 6 years (mean ± SD) were randomized into a high-intensity intermittent swimming group (HIS, n = 21), a moderate-intensity swimming group (MOS, n = 21), a soccer group (SOC, n = 21), or a control group (CON, n = 20)...
October 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952868/comparison-of-thigh-muscle-strain-occurrence-and-injury-patterns-between-male-and-female-high-school-soccer-athletes
#7
Kevin M Cross, Kelly K Gurka, Susan Saliba, Mark Conaway, Jay Hertel
CONTEXT: Thigh muscles strains are among the most common injuries in high school soccer for both males and females. Similar results have been reported among collegiate soccer players, specifically for hamstring strains. In collegiate soccer, males have a higher injury rate than women although they share common injury characteristics. Currently, no studies exist comparing the injury rate or injury characteristics of thigh muscle strains between sexes playing high school soccer. OBJECTIVE: To compare thigh muscle strain injury rates and injury event characteristics among sexes participating in high school soccer...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937802/the-epidemiology-of-stress-fractures-in-collegiate-student-athletes-2004-2005-through-2013-2014-academic-years
#8
Katherine H Rizzone, Kathryn E Ackerman, Karen G Roos, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Stress fractures are injuries caused by cumulative, repetitive stress that leads to abnormal bone remodeling. Specific populations, including female athletes and endurance athletes, are at higher risk than the general athletic population. Whereas more than 460 000 individuals participate in collegiate athletics in the United States, no large study has been conducted to determine the incidence of stress fractures in collegiate athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the incidence of stress fractures in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes and investigate rates and patterns overall and by sport...
October 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882435/validation-of-headcount-2w-for-estimation-of-two-week-heading-comparison-to-daily-reporting-in-adult-amateur-player
#9
Michael L Lipton, Chloe Ifrah, Walter F Stewart, Roman Fleysher, Martin J Sliwinski, Mimi Kim, Richard B Lipton
OBJECTIVES: To validate the HeadCount-2w questionnaire for estimation of 2-week soccer heading by comparison to daily electronic diary reporting over the same two-week period. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. METHODS: Adult amateur soccer players completed HeadCount-daily, comprising 14 daily at-home assessments of soccer play and heading via a tablet PC. Following the 14day period, players completed HeadCount-2w, a web-based two-week-recall questionnaire on soccer and heading...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767483/activity-profiles-in-u17-u20-and-senior-women-s-brazilian-national-soccer-teams-during-international-competitions-are-there-meaningful-differences
#10
Guilherme P Ramos, Fábio Y Nakamura, Eduardo M Penna, Carolina Franco Wilke, Lucas A Pereira, Irineu Loturco, Luciano Capelli, Fábio Mahseredjian, Emerson Silami-Garcia, Cândido C Coimbra
The aim of this study was to compare locomotor activity profiles of Brazilian top-class female soccer players competing at distinct age brackets (U17, U20, and Senior). External match load of 14 U17, 14 U20, and 17 Senior female soccer players competing in 6-7 full official international matches were assessed using global positioning systems (GPS). Total distance covered, distance covered in high intensity (HID:15.6-20 kmh), distance covered in sprints (sprint:>20 kmh), number of accelerations (Acc)>1 ms, decelerations (Dec) >-1 ms, and Player Load generally increased across the age brackets (U17<U20<Senior)...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745561/epidemiology-of-hip-flexor-and-hip-adductor-strains-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-athletes-2009-2010-2014-2015
#11
Timothy G Eckard, Darin A Padua, Thomas P Dompier, Sara L Dalton, Kristian Thorborg, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: Little research has examined the rates and patterns of hip flexor or hip adductor strains in student-athletes in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology of hip flexor and adductor strains in NCAA athletes during the 2009/2010-2014/2015 academic years. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: Rates and patterns of hip flexor and adductor strains in collegiate sports were examined in a convenience sample of NCAA varsity teams from 25 sports...
October 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723816/importance-of-physical-qualities-for-speed-and-change-of-direction-ability-in-elite-female-soccer-players
#12
Stacey Emmonds, G Nicholson, C Beggs, B Jones, A Bissas
The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of physical qualities for speed and change of direction (CoD) ability in female soccer players. Data were collected on 10 female soccer players who were part of a professional English Women's Super League team. Player assessments included anthropometric (stature and body mass), body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), speed (10m, 30m sprint), CoD ability (505 agility), aerobic (Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test), lower-body strength (bilateral knee extensions) and power (countermovement jump [CMJ], squat jump [SJ], 30cm drop jump [DJ]) measures...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722467/the-influence-of-lower-extremity-lean-mass-on-landing-biomechanics-during-prolonged-exercise
#13
Melissa M Montgomery, Amanda J Tritsch, John R Cone, Randy J Schmitz, Robert A Henson, Sandra J Shultz
CONTEXT:   The extent to which lower extremity lean mass (LELM) relative to total body mass influences one's ability to maintain safe landing biomechanics during prolonged exercise when injury incidence increases is unknown. OBJECTIVES:   To examine the influence of LELM on (1) pre-exercise lower extremity biomechanics and (2) changes in biomechanics during an intermittent exercise protocol (IEP) and (3) determine whether these relationships differ by sex. We hypothesized that less LELM would predict higher-risk baseline biomechanics and greater changes toward higher-risk biomechanics during the IEP...
August 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674601/physiological-characteristics-of-projected-starters-and-non-starters-in-the-field-positions-from-a-division-i-women-s-soccer-team
#14
Fabrice G Risso, Farzad Jalilvand, Ashley J Orjalo, Matthew R Moreno, Deshaun L Davis, Samantha A Birmingham-Babauta, John J Stokes, Alyssa A Stage, Tricia M Liu, Dominic V Giuliano, Adrina Lazar, Robert G Lockie
NCAA soccer features different substitution rules compared to FIFA-sanctioned matches, with a greater availability of players who can enter the game. This could influence the physiological characteristics of the field position starters (ST) and non-starters (NST) within a collegiate women's team, which has not been previously analyzed. Thus, 22 field players from the same Division I women's soccer squad completed: vertical and standing broad jumps; 30-meter (m) sprint (0-5, 0-10, 0-30 m intervals); pro-agility and 60-yard shuttle; and the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 1...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658077/pitch-size-and-game-surface-in-different-small-sided-games-global-indicators-activity-profile-and-acceleration-of-female-soccer-players
#15
Jorge López-Fernández, Leonor Gallardo, Álvaro Fernández-Luna, Victor Villacañas, Jorge García-Unanue, Javier Sánchez-Sánchez
The aim of this research was to evaluate the influence of game surface and pitch size on the movement profile in female soccer players during Small-Sided-Games (SSGs) of 4 v 4. 16 women played three different 4-a-side (400 m, 600 m and 800 m) on three surfaces (ground [GR], artificial turf [AT] and natural grass [NG]). Time-motion variables were assessed through GPS devices (Spi Pro X, GPSports, Australia). GR had the worst outputs on most variables. NG achieved higher results than AT in terms of total distance [SSG 400 (+37...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559757/validation-of-the-optogait-system-for-monitoring-treatment-and-recovery-of-post-concussion-athletes
#16
Melissa A Engelson, Richard Bruns, Christopher J Nightingale, Kevin M Bardwell, Craig A Mason, Shihfen Tu, Laney Nelson, Stephen A Butterfield
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to investigate correlations between OptoGait motion analysis technology and 2 commonly used concussion assessment instruments, the Balance Evaluation Scoring System (BESS) and the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) computerized neurocognitive assessment software, to see if OptoGait might be a valid concussion assessment tool. METHODS: Twenty Division-1 college women varsity soccer players completed trials of 8 different conditions of the OptoGait test battery...
June 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535098/ball-contact-injuries-in-11-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports-the-injury-surveillance-program-2009-2010-through-2014-2015
#17
Melissa A Fraser, Dustin R Grooms, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Surveillance data regarding injuries caused by ball contact in collegiate athletes have not been well examined and are mostly limited to discussions of concussions and catastrophic injuries. OBJECTIVE:   To describe the epidemiology of ball-contact injuries in 11 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Convenience sample of NCAA programs in 11 sports (men's football, women's field hockey, women's volleyball, men's baseball, women's softball, men's and women's basketball, men's and women's lacrosse, and men's and women's soccer) during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years...
July 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515972/determination-of-clinically-relevant-differences-in-frontal-plane-hop-tests-in-women-s-collegiate-basketball-and-soccer-players
#18
Kelly Hardesty, Eric J Hegedus, Kevin R Ford, Anh-Dung Nguyen, Jeffrey B Taylor
BACKGROUND: ACL injury prevention programs are less successful in female basketball players than in soccer players. Previous authors have identified anthropometric and biomechanical differences between the athletes and different sport-specific demands, including a higher frequency of frontal plane activities in basketball. Current injury risk screening and preventive training practices do not place a strong emphasis on frontal plane activities. The medial and lateral triple hop for distance tests may be beneficial for use in the basketball population...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491885/effects-of-sex-and-event-type-on-head-impact-in-collegiate-soccer
#19
Bryson B Reynolds, James Patrie, Erich J Henry, Howard P Goodkin, Donna K Broshek, Max Wintermark, T Jason Druzgal
BACKGROUND: The effects of head impact in sports are of growing interest for clinicians, scientists, and athletes. Soccer is the most popular sport worldwide, but the burden of head impact in collegiate soccer is still unknown. PURPOSE: To quantify head impact associated with practicing and playing collegiate soccer using wearable accelerometers. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study. METHODS: Mastoid patch accelerometers were used to quantify head impact in soccer, examining differences in head impact as a function of sex and event type (practice vs game)...
April 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450840/more-than-the-win-the-relation-between-appetitive-competition-motivation-socialization-and-gender-role-orientation-in-women-s-football
#20
Danie Meyer-Parlapanis, Sabrina Siefert, Roland Weierstall
The ability to produce peak performance plays a decisive role in the success of athletes in competitive contest situations. Levels of appetitive competition motivation (ACM), i.e., the desire to defeat an opponent independent of secondary reinforcing factors, were assessed in professional female football/soccer players in the premier and regional leagues, using club level as the measurement of sport success. Furthermore, the influence of social environments predominantly encouraging masculine and competitive play behavior and the players' perceptions of their own gender role orientations were investigated...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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