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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037003/effects-of-temperature-and-pressure-on-acute-stroke-incidence-assessed-using-a-korean-nationwide-insurance-database
#1
Jae-Sung Lim, Hyung-Min Kwon, Seong-Eun Kim, Juneyoung Lee, Young-Seok Lee, Byung-Woo Yoon
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Many studies have evaluated the association between weather and stroke, with variable conclusions. Herein we determined the relationships between daily meteorological parameters and acute stroke incidence in South Korea. METHODS: Patients with acute stroke (2,894) were identified by standard sampling of a nationwide insurance claims database from January to December 2011. We used multiple Poisson regression analyses of stroke incidence and meteorological parameters (mean temperature, diurnal temperature change, temperature differences over the preceding 24 hours, atmospheric pressure, humidity, wind speed, and physiologically equivalent temperature) to calculate the relative risk of stroke incidence associated with meteorological parameters...
September 2017: Journal of Stroke
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036997/-mean-blood-pressure-among-the-adults-in-china-2010-2012-based-on-the-results-of-mercury-sphygmomanometer-and-converted-electronic-sphygmomanometer
#2
D M Yu, P Fu, W T Yu, H J Guo, X G Yang, W H Zhao, L Y Zhao
Objective: To analyze the average systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) among adults aged 18 years old and above in China between 2010 and 2012; and to compare the difference in the results measured by mercury sphygmomanometer and converted electronic sphygmomanometer. Methods: The data was collected from Chinese Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012. 120 428 adults aged 18 years old and above were selected from 150 survey counties (districts) of 31 provinces in China Mainland, by multi-stage stratified and probability proportion to size (PPS) cluster randomization sampling method...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036945/what-s-your-micromort-a-patient-oriented-analysis-of-breast-implant-associated-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-bia-alcl
#3
David A Sieber, William P Adams
Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) continues to be a rare and elusive malignancy. Because BIA-ALCL does not behave like traditional lymphomas, additional research needs to be conducted to further delineate the lymphoproliferative nature of BIA-ALCL. An estimated 35 million women worldwide have breast implants and the total reported deaths from BIA-ALCL is 12 to date. The term micromort was introduced in 1979 by Ronald Howard as a person's risk of dying as 1 in a million. Drinking 0...
September 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036941/breast-implant-associated-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-in-a-transgender-woman
#4
Mintsje de Boer, Wouter B van der Sluis, Jan P de Boer, Lucy I H Overbeek, Flora E van Leeuwen, Hinne A Rakhorst, René R W J van der Hulst, Nathalie J Hijmering, Mark-Bram Bouman, Daphne de Jong
Breast implant-associated anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a rare but serious complication in patients with breast implants, Patients are at risk of BIA-ALCL whether they receive breast implants for cosmetic reasons or for reconstructive purposes after surgery for breast cancer or prophylactic mastectomy. During the past decade, an increased number of reports have addressed BIA-ALCL. Herein, we describe BIA-ALCL in a transgender woman. The patient received breast implants as part of her gender transition and was diagnosed with BIA-ALCL 20 years later...
September 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036940/oculonasal-synkinesis-video-report-and-surgical-solution-of-a-rare-phenomenon
#5
Giuseppe Guarro, Francesco Brunelli, Barbara Rasile, Carmine Alfano
Background: Synkinesis represents involuntary muscular movements that occur in association with voluntary contraction of other muscle groups. Oculonasal synkinesis is a rare phenomenon. Objectives: In a series of videos, the authors present clinical findings and surgical correction of oculonasal synkinesis. Methods: Two women who underwent surgical procedures to correct oculonasal synkinesis were evaluated in a prospective study. One patient presented with bilateral synkinesis after 2 previous rhinoplasties...
September 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036939/female-genital-mutilation-reconstruction-a-preliminary-report
#6
Catherine S Chang, David W Low, Ivona Percec
Background: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is internationally recognized as a violation of human rights. Though rarely discussed, FGM is prevalent, affecting hundreds of millions of females worldwide. Objectives: We believe that is important for plastic surgeons to be informed and prepared to address the surgical and emotional needs of these women. We present our experience on treatment of women subjected to FGM. Methods: Three consecutive patients were treated by our clitoral restoration procedure...
September 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036934/identification-of-genetic-interaction-with-risk-factors-using-a-time-to-event-model
#7
Mariza de Andrade, Sebastian M Armasu, Bryan M McCauley, Tanya M Petterson, John A Heit
BACKGROUND: Certain diseases can occur with and without a trigger. We use Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) as our example to identify genetic interaction with pregnancy in women with VTE during pre- or postpartum. Pregnancy is one of the major risk factors for VTE as it accounts for 10% of maternal deaths. METHODS: We performed a whole genome association analysis using the Cox Proportional Hazard (CoxPH) model adjusted for covariates to identify genetic variants associated with the time-to-event of VTE related to pre- or postpartum during the childbearing age of 18-45 years using a case-only design in a cohort of women with VTE...
October 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036887/reference-intervals-for-non-fasting-cvd-lipids-and-inflammation-markers-in-pregnant-indigenous-australian-women
#8
Tracy L Schumacher, Christopher Oldmeadow, Don Clausen, Loretta Weatherall, Lyniece Keogh, Kirsty G Pringle, Kym M Rae
Indigenous Australians experience high rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The origins of CVD may commence during pregnancy, yet few serum reference values for CVD biomarkers exist specific to the pregnancy period. The Gomeroi gaaynggal research project is a program that undertakes research and provides some health services to pregnant Indigenous women. Three hundred and ninety-nine non-fasting samples provided by the study participants (206 pregnancies and 175 women) have been used to construct reference intervals for CVD biomarkers during this critical time...
October 14, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036869/the-relationship-between-trait-self-control-consideration-for-future-consequence-and-organizational-citizenship-behavior-among-chinese-employees
#9
Yu-Jie Wang, Kai Dou
BACKGROUND: Organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) is important to the development of an organization. Research into factors that foster OCB and the underlying processes are therefore substantially crucial. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to test the association between trait self-control and OCB and the mediating role of consideration for future consequence. METHOD: Four hundred and ninety-four Chinese employees (275 men, 219 women) took part in the study...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036858/musculoskeletal-signs-in-female-homecare-personnel-a-longitudinal-epidemiological-study
#10
Gunnar Lundberg, Björn Gerdle
BACKGROUND: In Sweden, homecare services take care of elderly and disabled people, work that often requires heavy lifting and forward bending, resulting in high prevalences of pain and work accidents. OBJECTIVE: Using an eight-year follow-up, this study determines the prognostic importance of certain musculoskeletal signs reported in earlier studies [1, 2] with respect to aspects of pain and perceived disability. METHODS: Baseline data has been reported in earlier studies of 607 women [1-3]...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036844/multiple-sclerosis-and-sexual-dysfunction-a%C3%A2-need-for-further-education-and%C3%A2-interdisciplinary-care
#11
Kate E Delaney, Jayne Donovan
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune condition affecting young women and men, resulting in varied disabilities, including sexual dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: This narrative review aims to describe the prevalence, pathophysiology, and impact of sexual dysfunction in people with MS (PwMS); provide a review of current assessment and treatment strategies; and offer considerations for future care. METHODS: Literature review was performed to identify primary and secondary sources discussing sexual dysfunction in PwMS...
October 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036824/alzheimer-s-disease-biomarkers-and-future-decline-in-cognitive-normal-older-adults
#12
Julien Dumurgier, Bernard J Hanseeuw, Frances B Hatling, Kelly A Judge, Aaron P Schultz, Jasmeer P Chhatwal, Deborah Blacker, Reisa A Sperling, Keith A Johnson, Bradley T Hyman, Teresa Gómez-Isla
BACKGROUND: Identifying older adults at risk of cognitive decline represents a challenge as Alzheimer's disease (AD) modifying therapies move toward preclinical stages. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between AD biomarkers and subsequent change in cognition in a cohort of cognitively intact older adults. METHODS: 84 cognitively normal subjects (mean age 72.0 years, 59% women) were recruited through the Massachusetts Alzheimer's Disease Research Center and the Harvard Aging Brain Study and followed over 3 years...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036809/role-of-fshr-rs6165-and-esr2-rs4986938-polymorphisms-in-ovarian-stimulation-of-iranian-women-who-underwent-assisted-reproduction-treatment
#13
Maryam Kaviani, Sayyed Mohammad Hossein Ghaderian, Soheila Arefi, Mehrdad Hashemi, Sarah Sadat Aghabozorg Afjeh
BACKGROUND: Gonadotropin therapy was used to stimulate the ovary in infertile women who underwent assisted reproduction treatment (ART). Numerous studies indicated that infertile women showed different responses to gonadotropin therapy. Follicle stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) and Oestrogen receptor (ER) polymorphisms have been reported to involve induction of folliculogenesis and ovarian response to treatment. METHODS: In the present study, two polymorphisms, namely FSHR rs6165 and ESR2 rs4986938, were investigated in 198 Iranian infertile women aged less than 39 years who underwent ART...
September 29, 2017: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036799/hemorheological-parameters-in-monoclonal-gammopathy-of-undetermined-significance-mgus
#14
G Caimi, E Hopps, M Carlisi, M Montana, E Gallà, R Lo Presti, S Siragusa
There is scarcity of information about the hemorheological pattern in subjects with Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance (MGUS). This preliminary research is focused on the behaviour of whole-blood and plasma viscosity, haematocrit and erythrocyte deformability in the above clinical condition. We enrolled 21 MGUS subjects (10 women and 11 men; mean age 66.4 ± 11.6 years). In fasting venous blood we examined whole-blood and plasma viscosity at high and low shear rates, haematocrit, the ratios between whole-blood viscosity (at high and low shear rate) and haematocrit × 100, the ratio between plasma viscosity at low and high shear rate, and the erythrocyte deformability expressed as elongation index...
October 7, 2017: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036771/oral-hormonal-contraception-in-special-circumstances
#15
Patricia Moore, Catherine Streeton
BACKGROUND: Despite the general consensus that long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) are the most appropriate choice of contraception for most women, there are special circumstances when the contraceptive and non-contraceptive needs of the patient are met by oral methods. OBJECTIVE: By using case histories, we seek to demonstrate the medical and practical complexities in managing contraceptive needs that may result in oral contraception being the most appropriate choice...
October 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036770/emergency-contraception-oral-and-intrauterine-options
#16
Kirsten I Black, Safeera Y Hussainy
BACKGROUND: Emergency contraception can be used to prevent pregnancy where contraception has not been used, or there has been contraceptive misuse or failure. Australian women have three options for emergency contraception: two types of oral pills (levonorgestrel [LNG]-containing pill and ulipristal acetate [UPA]) and the copper intrauterine device (IUD). Both pills are available from pharmacies without prescription, whereas the copper IUD requires insertion by a trained provider. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe the indications, efficacy and contraindications for use of the three emergency contraceptive methods available in Australia...
October 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036769/the-management-of-irregular-bleeding-in-women-using-contraception
#17
Terri Foran
BACKGROUND: The pattern of menstrual bleeding seen in women during their reproductive years is the result of a finely tuned balance be-tween endogenous oestrogens, which stimulate the endometrial lining, and progesterone, which temporarily maintains that lining in anticipation of a pregnancy. Many women have expectations of a 'normal monthly' cycle, and may be wary of any-thing that has the potential to disrupt its regularity. From a clinical perspective, any alteration in vaginal bleeding may indicate underlying pathology, and lead to further investigation and management...
October 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036768/larcs-as-first-line-contraception-what-can-general-practitioners-advise-young-women
#18
Meredith Temple-Smith, Lena Sanci
BACKGROUND: The use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) is globally accepted as a strategy that is successful in decreasing rates of unintended pregnancy, especially in very young women. Currently, Australia has very low uptake rates of LARC. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to explore the latest information on using LARCs as first-line contraception in young women. DISCUSSION: Low uptake of LARCs may be related to Australia's prevailing cultural norm of oral contraception, and practitioner and patient misperceptions of the safety and efficacy of LARC, which have been dispelled in recent years...
October 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036765/development-of-an-anaerobic-threshold-hrlt-hrvt-estimation-equation-using-the-heart-rate-threshold-hrt-during-the-treadmill-incremental-exercise-test
#19
Joo-Ho Ham, Hun-Young Park, Youn-Ho Kim, Sang-Kon Bae, Byung-Hoon Ko, Sang-Seok Nam
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a regression model to estimate the heart rate at the lactate threshold (HRLT) and the heart rate at the ventilatory threshold (HRVT) using the heart rate threshold (HRT), and to test the validity of the regression model. METHODS: We performed a graded exercise test with a treadmill in 220 normal individuals (men: 112, women: 108) aged 20-59 years. HRT, HRLT, and HRVT were measured in all subjects. A regression model was developed to estimate HRLT and HRVT using HRT with 70% of the data (men: 79, women: 76) through randomization (7:3), with the Bernoulli trial...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036762/low-intensity-aerobic-exercise-training-inhibition-of-skeletal-muscle-atrophy-in-high-fat-diet-induced-ovariectomized-rats
#20
Hye Jin Kim, Won Jun Lee
PURPOSE: Postmenopausal women are highly susceptible to diseases, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, or skeletal muscle atrophy and many people recognize the need for regular physical activity. Aerobic exercise training is known to improve the oxidative capacity and insulin sensitivity of skeletal muscles. This study aimed to investigate the role of low-intensity aerobic exercise training on skeletal muscle protein degradation or synthesis in the plantaris muscles of high-fat-fed ovariectomized rats...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
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