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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241263/systematic-review-of-oral-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-symptoms-of-bladder-pain-syndrome-the-brazilian-guidelines
#1
Thaís Guimarães Dos Santos, Isabela Albuquerque Severo de Miranda, Christiana Campani Nygaard, Lucas Schreiner, Rodrigo de Aquino Castro, Jorge Milhen Haddad
Interstitial cystitis (IC), including bladder pain syndrome (BPS), is a chronic and debilitating disease that mainly affects women. It is characterized by pelvic pain associated with urinary urgency, frequency, nocturia and negative urine culture, with normal cytology. In 2009, the Society for Urodynamics and Female Urology (SUFU) defined the term IC/BPS as "an unpleasant sensation (pain, pressure, and discomfort) perceived to be related to the urinary bladder, associated with lower urinary tract symptoms for more than 6 weeks duration, in the absence of infection or other identifiable causes...
December 14, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241258/-changes-of-motor-balance-in-the-course-of-an-inpatient-psychosomatic-rehabilitation
#2
ElisabethJohanna Grub, Georg Wydra, Michael Käfer, Volker Köllner
Aim of the study For many rehabilitants both the motor balance and the feeling of being emotionally stable and in balance are essential preconditions for participation in employment and society. The goal of this study was to capture changes in motor balance in the course of an inpatient psychosomatic rehabilitation and to set them in relation to changes in mental variables. Methods 118 patients of a psychosomatic clinic (49.3±8.6 years; 75.4 % women) were examined at the beginning and the end of rehabilitation...
December 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241191/evaluation-of-behavioral-and-susceptibility-patterns-in-premenopausal-women-with-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-a-case-control-study
#3
Saddam Al Demour, Mera A Ababneh
Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI) are a major source of morbidity and healthcare costs. Risk factors associated with recurrence rates in premenopausal women can be attributed to patient lifestyle behavior. The aim of this study was to assess hygienic risk factors, determine pathogen distribution, and susceptibility patterns in premenopausal women with recurrent UTI. This was case-control study in which a face-to-face interview was conducted to obtain information from premenopausal women with recurrent UTI...
December 14, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241190/circrna-expression-profile-in-early-stage-lung-adenocarcinoma-patients
#4
Jiangmin Zhao, Le Li, Qian Wang, Hongxiu Han, Qing Zhan, Ming Xu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Lung adenocarcinoma, a form of non-small cell lung cancer with high lethality at an advanced stage, is becoming more common in women, non- or never-smokers, and even young adults. At present, there are still no effective early diagnosis methods for patients to be cured in a timely manner. Circular RNAs (circRNAs), which are stable and conserved non-coding RNA in mammalian cells, have been reported to be widely involved in the processes of cancer disease. However, it is still a puzzle as to which specific circRNAs are involved in the development of early-stage lung adenocarcinoma...
December 12, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241151/factors-that-influence-patient-preference-for-mode-of-delivery-following-an-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury
#5
Emma Long, Swati Jha
PURPOSE: A common indication for elective caesarean is previous obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI). This study aims to identify factors that influence womens' preferences regarding mode of delivery (MoD) in a subsequent pregnancy following an OASI. METHODS: 100 consecutive women who sustained an OASI completed a questionnaire when attending postnatal follow up at a perineal trauma clinic. They also completed ePAQ-PF to assess pelvic floor symptoms. Data was collated and percentages generated for each response...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241150/assessment-of-the-roche-linear-array-hpv-genotyping-test-within-the-valgent-framework
#6
Lan Xu, Anja Oštrbenk, Mario Poljak, Marc Arbyn
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer screening programs are switching from cytology-based screening to high-risk (hr) HPV testing. Only clinically validated tests should be used in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical performance of the Roche Linear Array HPV genotyping test (Linear Array) within the VALGENT-3 framework. STUDY DESIGN: The VALGENT framework is designed for comprehensive comparison and clinical validation of HPV tests that have limited to extended genotyping capacity...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241146/iseeyou-evaluation-of-a-woman-centred-care-pilot-project-in-bachelor-midwifery-education-and-research
#7
Yvonne Fontein-Kuipers, Enja Romeijn
AIM: to evaluate the ISeeYou project that aims to equip first year Bachelor midwifery students to support them in their learning of providing woman-centred care. METHODS: the project has an ethnographic design. First year midwifery students buddied up to one woman throughout her continuum of the childbirth process and accompanied her during her antenatal and postnatal care encounters. Participant-observation was utilised by the students to support their learning...
November 28, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241116/-body-self-in-the-shadow-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-the-long-term-implications-of-sexual-abuse-for-male-and-female-adult-survivors
#8
Anat Talmon, Karni Ginzburg
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) may have long-term negative outcomes for victims' body representations. In this study we examined a model in which the relation between CSA and an individual's discomfort when in close proximity to others is mediated by disrupted body boundaries, and the relation between CSA and body shame is mediated by body self-objectification. Since most of these variables were conceptualized and assessed primarily among women, gender differences regarding the proposed model were examined. Study participants were 843 college/university students (536 women and 307 men)...
December 11, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241089/association-of-psychosis-with-antiphospholipid-antibody-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-studies
#9
Asma Hallab, Sadiq Naveed, Ahmed Altibi, Mariam Abdelkhalek, Huyen Thi Ngo, Thao Phuong Le, Kenji Hirayama, Nguyen Tien Huy
OBJECTIVE: In this systematic review, we reviewed the association between Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) and psychosis and focused on the prevalence, clinical presentation, immunologic and neurological workup, treatment options, and clinical outcomes. METHODOLOGY: We performed this systematic review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)'s guidelines. We searched eight databases for potential articles and manually searched references and relevant articles of included studies...
November 16, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241080/paternal-urinary-concentrations-of-organophosphate-flame-retardant-metabolites-fertility-measures-and-pregnancy-outcomes-among-couples-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilization
#10
Courtney C Carignan, Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Paige L Williams, John D Meeker, Heather M Stapleton, Craig M Butt, Thomas L Toth, Jennifer B Ford, Russ Hauser
BACKGROUND: Use of organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs) has increased over the past decade following the phase out of some brominated flame retardants, leading to increased human exposure. We recently reported that increasing maternal PFR exposure is associated with poorer pregnancy outcomes among women from a fertility clinic. Because a small epidemiologic study previously reported an inverse association between male PFR exposures and sperm motility, we sought to examine associations of paternal urinary concentrations of PFR metabolites and their partner's pregnancy outcomes...
December 11, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241077/pectoral-nerve-blocks-to-improve-analgesia-after-breast-cancer-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-and-controlled-trial
#11
Neethu M, Ravinder Kumar Pandey, Ankur Sharma, Vanlalnghaka Darlong, Jyotsna Punj, Renu Sinha, Preet Mohinder Singh, Nandini Hamshi, Rakesh Garg, Chandralekha Chandralekha, Anurag Srivastava
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the analgesic efficacy of ultrasound guided combined pectoral nerve blocks I and II in patients scheduled for surgery for breast cancer. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, control trial. SETTING: Operating rooms in a tertiary care hospital of Northern India. PATIENTS: Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists status I to II adult women, aged 18-70years were enrolled in this study. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomized into two groups (30 patients in each group), PECS (P) group and control (C) group...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241028/a-latent-class-analysis-of-ptsd-symptoms-among-inner-city-primary-care-patients
#12
Akm Fazlur Rahman, Amita Manatunga, Ying Guo, Limin Peng, Megan Warnock, Kerry J Ressler, Tanja Jovanovic
OBJECTIVES: Examine evidence for different subclasses of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a sample of trauma exposed, low-income, predominantly African American men and women. Assess the relationship between PTSD subclasses with major depressive disorder (MDD) and types of trauma experienced. METHOD: Latent class analysis (LCA) using a multivariate normal mixture model on the 17-item PTSD Symptom Scale (PSS) was used to identify latent subclasses of PTSD symptoms (N = 5063)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241024/age-and-gender-associated-liver-physiological-t1rho-dynamics-demonstrated-with-a-clinically-applicable-single-breathhold-acquisition
#13
Yì Xiáng J Wáng, Min Deng, Jiang Lin, Anthony W L Kwok, Eric K W Liu, Weitian Chen
To understand women's and men's physiological ranges of liver T1rho relaxation time measured with a single breathhold black blood sequence, this healthy volunteer study was conducted in 62 women (mean age, 38.9 y; range, 18-75 y) and 34 men (mean age, 44.7 y; range, 24-80 y). Approval from the institutional ethics committee was obtained. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed with a 3.0T scanner with six spin-lock times of 0, 10, 20, 25, 35, and 50 ms and a single breathhold of 12 s per slice acquisition...
December 1, 2017: SLAS Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241018/older-women-exhibit-greater-airway-8-isoprostane-responses-to-strenuous-exercise-compared-to-older-men-and-younger-controls
#14
Stephanie P Kurti, Sam R Emerson, Joshua R Smith, Sara K Rosenkranz, Samantha A Alexander, Garrett M Lovoy, Craig A Harms
INTRODUCTION: Development of late-onset respiratory diseases is associated with elevated 8-isoprostane, a marker of oxidative stress, in the airways. However, sex differences exist in development of these diseases. Using an exhaustive exercise bout as a physiological stressor may elucidate whether there is a sex difference with aging in pre- to post-exercise airway 8-isoprostane generation. PURPOSE: To determine whether older women exhibit a greater airway 8-isoprostane response to exhaustive exercise compared to older men and younger controls...
December 14, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240922/prevalence-magnitude-and-correlates-of-hiv-1-genital-shedding-in-women-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#15
Caroline C King, Sascha R Ellington, Nicole L Davis, Robert W Coombs, Maria Pyra, Ting Hong, Nelly Mugo, Rena C Patel, Jairam R Lingappa, Jared M Baeten, Athena P Kourtis
Background: Genital human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) RNA shedding can continue despite HIV being undetectable in blood, and can be associated with transmission. Methods: We included African women on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Linear and generalized linear mixed models were used to compare the magnitude and prevalence of genital shedding, respectively, by time since ART initiation. Multivariable logistic regression with generalized estimating equations was used to assess predictors of genital shedding among women with undetectable plasma viral load (VL)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240902/dose-dependency-and-a-functional-cut-off-for-tpo-antibody-positivity-during-pregnancy
#16
Tim I M Korevaar, Victor J Pop, Layal Chaker, Mariette Goddijn, Yolanda B de Rijke, Peter H Bisschop, Maarten A Broeren, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Marco Medici, Theo J Visser, Eric A P Steegers, Tanja G Vrijkotte, Robin P Peeters
Objective: To investigate a dose-dependency of TPOAb concentrations in relation to thyroid function and premature delivery, and define a population-based, pregnancy-specific, functional cut-off for TPOAb positivity. Design: Individual participant meta-analysis of three prospective birth cohorts (Generation R, ABCD study and HAPPY study). Setting: Population-based studies in the Netherlands (2002-2014). Participants: 11 212 pregnant women (<20 weeks)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240897/factors-influencing-women-in-physical-activity-programs-in-malaysia
#17
C Hanlon, S Khoo, T Morris, R Eime
The majority of research on factors associated with women participation in physical activity (PA) has been in developed countries with limited research in developing countries. Few women in Malaysia are active at the recommended levels for health, and activity rates are less than developed countries. Little research has focused specially on physically active Malaysian women and the factors that contribute to them becoming and staying active in PA programs. This lack of knowledge hinders the tailored development and implementation of PA programs to meet their needs...
December 11, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240887/associations-between-unemployment-and-heavy-episodic-drinking-from-adolescence-to-midlife-in-sweden-and-finland
#18
Noora Berg, Olli Kiviruusu, Taina Huurre, Tomi Lintonen, Pekka Virtanen, Anne Hammarström
Background: Unemployment and alcohol use have often been found to correlate and to act as risk factors for each other. However, only few studies have examined these associations at longitudinal settings extending over several life phases. Moreover, previous studies have mostly used total consumption or medical diagnoses as the indicator, whereas subclinical measures of harmful alcohol use, such as heavy episodic drinking (HED), have been used rarely. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between HED and unemployment from adolescence to midlife in two Nordic countries...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240864/patient-awareness-of-local-drug-price-variation-and-the-factors-that-influence-pharmacy-choice-a-cross-sectional-survey-study
#19
Spencer D Brodsky, Olabola D Awosika, Misty G Eleryan, Monica Rengifo-Pardo, Xiangyu Kuang, Richard L Amdur, Alison Ehrlich
<p>Background: High out-of-pocket drug expenditures are increasingly common in dermatology. Patients may not be aware that prices vary among pharmacies and consequently may not shop for the lowest cost.</p> <p>Objective: To determine what factors influence pharmacy choice and the effect of providing local prescription prices on pharmacy selection. We hypothesized that patients do not "shop around" due to lack of knowledge of price variation and would choose a pharmacy based on costs if educated on price disparity...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240820/age-related-nomograms-for-antral-follicle-count-and-anti-mullerian-hormone-for-subfertile-chinese-women-in-singapore
#20
See Ling Loy, Yin Bun Cheung, Marielle Valerie Fortier, Chiou Li Ong, Heng Hao Tan, Sadhana Nadarajah, Jerry Kok Yen Chan, Veronique Viardot-Foucault
BACKGROUND: Antral follicle count (AFC) and anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) are known as the most reliable markers of a woman's ovarian reserve and are related to age. There is currently no specific local age-related centile charts for AFC and AMH. Therefore, we aim to examine the relationship between AFC and AMH with age and construct age-related nomograms among a subfertile Asian population. METHODS: This is a study involving Chinese women who had their AFC and AMH measured as part of their subfertility screening from December 2010 until November 2014 in KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore...
2017: PloS One
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