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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454268/occurrence-and-distribution-of-antibiotics-in-mariculture-farms-estuaries-and-the-coast-of-the-beibu-gulf-china-bioconcentration-and-diet-safety-of-seafood
#1
Ruiling Zhang, Jiying Pei, Ruijie Zhang, Shaopeng Wang, Weibin Zeng, Dali Huang, Yi Wang, Yuanyuan Zhang, Yinghui Wang, Kefu Yu
The occurrence, distribution, bioconcentration and diet safety via seafood consumption of 19 antibiotics were investigated in eight closed mariculture ponds, four estuaries, two nearshore areas and one offshore area from the Beibu Gulf. Seventeen, 16, 15 and 7 antibiotics were detected at total concentrations of 43.2 - 885 ng L -1 , 22.4 - 118 ng L -1 , 22.7 - 24.5 ng L -1 , and 1.81-3.23 ng L -1 in the water of the above different areas, respectively. This indicates that the mariculture ponds are important sources of antibiotic pollution on the coast of the Beibu Gulf...
February 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454258/the-role-of-dissociation-in-revictimization-across-the-lifespan-a-32-year-prospective-study
#2
Osnat Zamir, Ohad Szepsenwol, Michelle M Englund, Jeffry A Simpson
Exposure to childhood abuse puts women at risk for revictimization in adult intimate relationships, but knowledge about the mechanism by which it occurs is limited. The present study investigated whether dissociation mediates the effect of exposure to physical or sexual child abuse on intimate partner violence in adulthood. We tested this using prospective data collected from birth to age 32 from 80 female participants in the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation. We found that women who experienced sexual or physical abuse during the first 17...
February 14, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454252/human-papillomavirus-detection-using-pcr-and-atr-ftir-for-cervical-cancer-screening
#3
Taciana Rymsza, Eliane Aline Ribeiro, Luis Felipe das Chagas E Silva de Carvalho, Tanmoy Bhattacharjee, Renata de Azevedo Canevari
The human papillomavirus (HPV) genital infection is considered one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases worldwide, and has been associated with cervical cancer. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of the diagnostic methods: polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) equipped with an ATR (Attenuated Total Reflectance) unit (Pike Tech) spectroscopy, to diagnose HPV infection in women undergoing gynecological examination. Seventeen patients (41.46%) of the 41 patients analyzed were diagnosed with exophytic/condyloma acuminate lesions by clinical analysis, 29 patients (70...
February 5, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454243/health-inequities-faced-by-ethiopian-migrant-domestic-workers-in-lebanon
#4
Bina Fernandez
This paper investigates the healthcare needs, access to healthcare, and healthcare strategies of Ethiopian migrant domestic workers (MDWs) in Lebanon, drawing on qualitative empirical research. The analysis focusses on four types of health care needs: minor illnesses, pregnancies, serious illnesses (such as cancer, tuberculosis or heart problems), and emergencies (due to accidents, suicide attempts or assaults). Predictably, access to healthcare is distinctly differentiated according to an MDW's status as a documented, freelancer, or undocumented worker...
February 14, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454241/frailty-and-life-course-violence-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study
#5
Cristiano Dos Santos Gomes, Catherine McLean Pirkle, Maria Vitoria Zunzunegui, Dimitri Taurino Guedes, Juliana Fernandes De Souza Barbosa, Phoebe Hwang, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of frailty in older adults in the IMIAS population, to examine associations between lifelong domestic violence and frailty and possible pathways to explain these associations. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 2002 men and women in the International Mobility in Aging Study, aged between 65 and 74 years old living in five cities of Tirana (Albania), Natal (Brazil), Kingston and Saint-Hyacinthe (Canada), and Manizales (Colombia)...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454174/mastectomy-patterns-but-not-rates-are-changing-in-the-treatment-of-early-breast-cancer-experience-of-a-single-european-institution-on-2315-consecutive-patients
#6
Alessandro Fancellu, Valeria Sanna, Pietrina Cottu, Cladio F Feo, Antonio M Scanu, Giulia Farina, Antonio Bulla, Angela Spanu, Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Alberto Porcu
BACKGROUND: Recent literature reports that rates of mastectomy are increasing in early breast cancer. However, data from European institutions are limited and revealed conflicting results. We report on 15-year trends of mastectomy, mastectomy plus immediate reconstruction and contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) at an academic institution. METHODS: We identified women diagnosed with unilateral early breast cancer at stage 0-IIa, with tumour size ≤ 4 cm, between 2002 and 2016...
February 14, 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454147/factors-associated-with-malignancy-in-hysteroscopically-resected-endometrial-polyps-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Lizandra M Paravidine Sasaki, Keitty R C Andrade, Ana Claudia Morais Godoy Figueiredo, Miriam da S Wanderley, Maurício G Pereira
The objective of our study was to estimate the frequency of pre-malignant and malignant lesions in endometrial polyps and to evaluate associated clinical and demographic factors. A literature search was performed in major databases and the gray literature using the terms polyps OR endometrial polyp AND endometrial neoplasms OR endometrial cancer OR endometrial hyperplasia OR malignan*. Studies describing the frequency of pre-malignant and malignant lesions in endometrial polyps and any clinical or demographic factors associated with malignant lesions extracted using hysteroscopy were considered eligible...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454126/iatrogenic-spondylolisthesis-following-open-lumbar-laminectomy-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Seba Ramhmdani, Yuanxuan Xia, Risheng Xu, Thomas Kosztowski, Daniel Sciubba, Timothy Witham, Ali Bydon
OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis and surgical management of post-laminectomy spondylolisthesis in patients without pre-operative instability is presented with a review of relevant literature. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records and radiographic studies of 105 patients who underwent first-time bilateral 1-4 level open laminectomies for degenerative lumbar disease at a single academic institution. Patients who initially presented with listhesis and had additional discectomy or fusion procedures were excluded...
February 14, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454125/management-of-skull-base-tumors-in-the-obstetric-population-a-case-series
#9
Blake H Priddy, Bradley A Otto, Ricardo L Carrau, Daniel M Prevedello
BACKGROUND: Neoplasms rarely present during pregnancy. However, increase in plasma volume, hormone release induced growth, and tumor hypervascularity, can cause rapid symptoms. These range from not requiring intervention to necessitating emergent operations. OBJECTIVE: We describe an algorithm for the management of symptomatic neoplasm in the obstetric population, and provide recommendations regarding surgical indications and timing. METHODS: Patients who presented to a skull base clinic from 2010-2016 at large tertiary care hospital were reviewed to identify patients who presented with a skull base tumor during pregnancy...
February 14, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454092/analysis-of-human-papillomavirus-16-e6-e7-genes-and-long-control-region-in-cervical-samples-from-uruguayan-women
#10
Viviana Ramas, Santiago Mirazo, Sylvia Bonilla, Dora Ruchansky, Juan Arbiza
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the HPV16 variant distribution by sequence analyses of E6, E7 oncogenes and the Long Control Region (LCR), from cervical cells collected from Uruguayan women, and to reconstruct the phylogenetic relationships among variants. METHODS: Forty-seven HPV16 variants, obtained from women with HSIL, LSIL, ASCUS and NILM cytological classes were analyzed for LCR and 12 were further studied for E6 and E7. Detailed sequence comparison, genetic heterogeneity analyses and phylogenetic reconstruction were performed...
February 14, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454078/looking-for-capacities-rather-than-vulnerabilities-the-moderating-effect-of-health-assets-on-the-associations-between-adverse-social-position-and-health
#11
Mathieu Roy, Mélanie Levasseur, Isabelle Doré, France St-Hilaire, Bernard Michallet, Yves Couturier, Danielle Maltais, Bengt Lindström, Mélissa Généreux
To increase capacities and control over health, it is necessary to foster assets (i.e. factors enhancing abilities of individuals or communities). Acting as a buffer, assets build foundations for overcoming adverse conditions and improving health. However, little is known about the distribution of assets and their associations with social position and health. In this study, we documented the distribution of health assets and examined whether these assets moderate associations between adverse social position and self-reported health...
February 14, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454033/cause-or-coincidence-spontaneous-hematometra-in-young-women-on-depomedroxyprogesterone-acetate-a-small-case-series
#12
Julie G Thorne, Elizabeth H Russell, Danielle Rumbolt, Mary Anne Jamieson
BACKGROUND: Abdominal pain, secondary amenorrhea and abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) are common gynecologic presentations in adolescence. Rarely this can be associated with an acquired hematometra. Hematometra is a condition of retained blood or clot within the uterus. High dose progestogenic agents in this age group have been implicated in the accumulation of a hematometra without other explanation. CASES: We present 4 cases of hematometra following depomedroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) therapy in previously menstruating adolescents...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453953/concept-analysis-of-responsible-sexual-behavior-in-adult-women
#13
Melissa Lehan Mackin, Nicole Loew, Lioness Ayres
The concept of responsible sexual behavior is not clearly defined as it applies to adult women who have sex with men. Responsible sexual behavior is a socially desirable and deliberate pattern of behaviors used to promote sexual health, manage risk, and foster respect for sexual partners within the context of community influences. A purposeful redefinition may be necessary to maintain a concept that is useful and effective for evaluating sexual behavior.
February 14, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453946/the-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-foreign-born-women-in-the-united-states
#14
Athena Tapales, Ayana Douglas-Hall, Hannah Whitehead
OBJECTIVE: To explore the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) behaviors, health insurance coverage, and use of SRH services of women in the United States (U.S.) by nativity, disaggregated by race and ethnicity. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed publicly-available and restricted data from the National Survey of Family Growth to assess differences and similarities between foreign-born and U.S.-born women, both overall and within Hispanic, non-Hispanic (NH) white, NH black, and NH Asian groups...
February 14, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453944/clinical-features-of-extrapulmonary-sarcoidosis-without-lung-involvement
#15
W Ennis James, Efstratios Koutroumpakis, Biplab Saha, Alireza Nathani, Leahruth Saavedra, Recai M Yucel, Marc A Judson
BACKGROUND: Compared to pulmonary sarcoidosis, sarcoidosis without lung involvement may involve other immunopathologic mechanisms and be associated with other demographic and clinical features. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of clinical data collected in real time on 1,686 patients with biopsy-proven sarcoidosis from two large university sarcoidosis outpatient clinics in the United States. We compared differences in demographics characteristics and clinical presentation between pulmonary and non-pulmonary sarcoidosis (NPS)...
February 14, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453927/effect-of-prenatal-recommendations-of-traditional-persian-medicine-on-obstetric-outcomes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Mansoor Keshavarz, Maryam Kashanian, Soodabeh Bioos, Yasaman Vazani
wufjhjdkf Background Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) is an ancient medical system that provides suggestions to improve the health of mothers and children during pregnancy and labor. Persian physicians believed that these instructions made labor easier, safer, and less painful. Methods The present randomized clinical trial was conducted among women at 33-38 weeks of pregnancy in Tehran, Iran. TPM instructions consisted of diet, bathing, and application of oil from the 38th week of pregnancy to the onset of labor...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453924/the-world-health-organization-who-versus-the-international-association-of-diabetes-and-pregnancy-study-group-iadpsg-diagnostic-criteria-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-and-their-associated-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes
#17
Nurul Iftida Basri, Zaleha Abdullah Mahdy, Shuhaila Ahmad, Abdul Kadir Abdul Karim, Lim Pei Shan, Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf, Nor Azlin Mohd Ismail
Background Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common medical complication in pregnancy. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of GDM using the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria and the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) criteria in our population. We further compared the incidence of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in women diagnosed with GDM using these criteria and determined whether the IADPSG criteria is suitable in our population. Methods This randomized controlled trial was conducted at our antenatal clinic involving 520 patients from 1st February 2015 until 30th September 2017...
February 17, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453897/is-cidofovir-a-better-treatment-than-imiquimod-for-high-grade-vulval-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#18
C William Helm
High grade vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (HGVIN), also called usual type VIN, is an important but irksome condition for patient and physician alike: important because it is precancerous, its incidence has been increasing and it affects younger women and irksome because debilitating symptoms can be difficult to treat and are complicated by the possibility of an underlying invasive carcinoma. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
February 17, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453874/outcomes-of-early-dermatology-consultation-for-inpatients-diagnosed-with-cellulitis
#19
David G Li, Fan Di Xia, Hasan Khosravi, Anna K Dewan, Daniel J Pallin, Christopher W Baugh, Karl Laskowski, Cara Joyce, Arash Mostaghimi
Importance: Many inflammatory skin dermatoses mimic cellulitis (pseudocellulitis) and are treated with antibiotics and/or hospitalization, leading to unnecessary patient morbidity and substantial health care spending. Objective: To evaluate the impact of early dermatology consultation on clinical and economic outcomes associated with misdiagnosed cellulitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study enrolled patients with presumed diagnosis of cellulitis in the emergency department, in the emergency department observation unit, or within 24 hours of admission to an inpatient unit of a large urban teaching hospital between February and September 2017...
February 16, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453873/association-between-pemphigus-and-neurologic-diseases
#20
Khalaf Kridin, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Doron Comaneshter, Arnon D Cohen
Importance: The association between pemphigus and neurologic diseases was not evaluated systematically in the past. In a recent uncontrolled cross-sectional study, Parkinson disease was found to be significantly associated with pemphigus; in the same study, epilepsy had a nonsignificant association with pemphigus. Several case reports have suggested that pemphigus coexists with multiple sclerosis and dementia. Objective: To estimate the association between pemphigus and 4 neurologic conditions (dementia, epilepsy, Parkinson disease, and multiple sclerosis), using one of the largest cohorts of patients with pemphigus...
February 16, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
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