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Prehospital mental health

Nittaya Caruana, Sharon McKinley, Rosalind Elliott, Leila Gholizadeh
BACKGROUND: Intensive care patients experience poor sleep quality. Psychological distress and diminished health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are also common among former intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is a frequent reason adults require treatment in ICU. The effect of on- versus off-pump surgery on sleep and recovery has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess sleep quality of CABG patients during and after ICU, psychological well-being, HRQOL during recovery, and whether on- versus off-pump surgery affects sleep and recovery...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Ericka L Fink, Amelie von Saint Andre-von Arnim, Rashmi Kumar, Patrick T Wilson, Tigist Bacha, Abenezer Tirsit Aklilu, Tsegazeab Laeke Teklemariam, Shubhada Hooli, Lisine Tuyisenge, Easmon Otupiri, Anthony Fabio, John Gianakas, Patrick M Kochanek, Derek C Angus, Robert C Tasker
OBJECTIVES: To assess the frequency, interventions, and outcomes of children presenting with traumatic brain injury or infectious encephalopathy in low-resource settings. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Four hospitals in Sub-Saharan Africa. PATIENTS: Children age 1 day to 17 years old evaluated at the hospital with traumatic brain injury or infectious encephalopathy. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We evaluated the frequency and outcomes of children presenting consecutively over 4 weeks to any hospital department with traumatic brain injury or infectious encephalopathy...
April 16, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Jamie O Creed, Julianne M Cyr, Hillary Owino, Shannen E Box, Mia Ives-Rublee, Brian B Sheitman, Beat D Steiner, Jefferson G Williams, Michael W Bachman, Jose G Cabanas, J Brent Myers, Seth W Glickman
OBJECTIVE: Emergency Departments (ED) are overburdened with patients experiencing acute mental health crises. Pre-hospital transport by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) to community mental health and substance abuse treatment facilities could reduce ED utilization and costs. Our objective was to describe characteristics, treatment, and outcomes of acute mental health crises patients who were transported by EMS to an acute crisis unit at WakeBrook, a North Carolina community mental health center...
February 7, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Neeraj Chhabra, Renee P Gimbar, Lisa M Walla, Trevonne M Thompson
BACKGROUND: Electronic dance music (EDM) festivals are increasingly common and psychoactive substance use is prevalent. Although prehospital care can obviate the transfer of many attendees to health care facilities (HCFs), little is known regarding the emergency department (ED) burden of patients presenting from EDM festivals. OBJECTIVES: This study describes the patient volume, length of stay (LOS), and presenting complaints of patients from a 3-day EDM festival in close proximity to an area ED...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Remle P Crowe, Julie K Bower, Rebecca E Cash, Ashish R Panchal, Severo A Rodriguez, Susan E Olivo-Marston
OBJECTIVES: Emergency medical services (EMS) professionals often work long hours at multiple jobs and endure frequent exposure to traumatic events. The stressors inherent to the prehospital setting may increase the likelihood of experiencing burnout and lead providers to exit the profession, representing a serious workforce and public health concern. Our objectives were to estimate the prevalence of burnout, identify characteristics associated with experiencing burnout, and quantify its relationship with factors that negatively impact EMS workforce stability, namely sickness absence and turnover intentions...
March 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
K G Giacchero Vedana, D F Magrini, A C G Zanetti, A I Miasso, T L Borges, M A Dos Santos
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Self-confident health professionals with positive and understanding attitudes can take better care of people with suicidal behaviour, but the factors associated with these attitudes are not known. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: The majority of nursing professionals had no experience or training in mental health or suicide. They were less self-confident and had more negative attitudes. Nurses and nursing assistants who worked before in mental health services were more understanding with people with suicidal behaviour...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Polly Christine Ford-Jones, Claudia Chaufan
Paramedics, health care workers who assess and manage health concerns in the prehospital setting, are increasingly providing psychosocial care in response to a rise in mental health call volume. Observers have construed this fact as "misuse" of paramedic services, and proposed as solutions better triaging of patients, better mental health training of paramedics, and a greater number of community mental health services. In this commentary, we argue that despite the ostensibly well-intentioned nature of these solutions, they shift attention and accountability away from relevant public policies, as well as from broader economic, social, and political determinants of mental health, while placing responsibility on those requiring services or, at best, on the health care system...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
Thomas R Scaggs, David M Glass, Megan Gleason Hutchcraft, William B Weir
Excited delirium syndrome (ExDS) is defined by marked agitation and confusion with sympathomimetic surge and incessant physical struggle, despite futility, which may lead to profound pathophysiologic changes and sudden death. Severe metabolic derangements, including lactic acidosis, rhabdomyolysis, and hyperthermia, occur. The pathophysiology of excited delirium is a subject of ongoing basic science and clinical research. Positive associations with ExDS include male gender, mental health disorders, and substance abuse (especially sympathomimetics)...
October 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Amy R Knowlton, Brian Weir, Julie Fields, Gerald Cochran, Junette McWilliams, Lawrence Wissow, Benjamin J Lawner
OBJECTIVE: The increasing use of prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) and its contribution to rising emergency department use and healthcare costs point to the need for better understanding factors associated with EMS use to inform preventive interventions. Understanding patient factors associated with pediatric use of EMS will inform pediatric-specific intervention. We examined pediatric patient demographic and health factors associated with one-time and repeat use of EMS. METHODS: We reviewed data from Baltimore City Fire Department EMS patient records over a 23-month period (2008-10) for patients under 21 years of age (n = 24,760)...
May 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Derek L Isenberg, Dorian Jacobs
INTRODUCTION: Violent patients in the prehospital environment pose a threat to health care workers tasked with managing their medical conditions. While research has focused on methods to control the agitated patient in the emergency department (ED), there is a paucity of data looking at the optimal approach to subdue these patients safely in the prehospital setting. Hypothesis This study evaluated the efficacy of two different intramuscular medications, midazolam and haloperidol, to determine their efficacy in sedating agitated patients in the prehospital setting...
October 2015: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Christopher Prener, Alisa K Lincoln
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics form the backbone of the United States' Emergency Medical Service (EMS) system. Despite the frequent involvement of EMS with people with mental health and substance abuse problems, the nature and content of this work, as well as how EMS providers think about this work, have not been fully explored. Using data obtained through observations and interviews with providers at an urban American EMS agency, this paper provides an analysis of the ways in which EMS providers interact with people with mental illness and substance abuse problems, as well as providers' experiences with the mental health care system...
November 2015: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Jahan Fahimi, Adrian Aurrecoechea, Erik Anderson, Andrew Herring, Harrison Alter
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to identify factors associated with adolescent emergency department (ED) visits for substance abuse, including those complicated by mental health (dual diagnosis), and to analyze their effect on ED length of stay (LOS) and disposition. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of ED visits by adolescents (age, 11-24) using the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (1997-2010) to identify visits for mental health, substance use, and dual diagnosis...
May 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
Jon Femling, Steven Weiss, Eric Hauswald, David Tarby
OBJECTIVES: Sepsis is a significant problem. The differences between patients with sepsis who walk into the emergency department (ED) and those who are transported via emergency medical services (EMS) have not been clarified. The aim of the study was to determine whether there was a difference in outcome between patients arriving by EMS and those presenting directly to the ED. METHODS: We prospectively collected and reviewed a cohort of all cases of severe sepsis and septic shock admitted to the medical intensive care unit from the ED from November 2009 to March 2012...
December 2014: Southern Medical Journal
Elizabeth L Seaman, Mathew J Levy, J Lee Jenkins, Cassandra Chiras Godar, Kevin G Seaman
INTRODUCTION: Substance use in young adults is a significant and growing problem. Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel often encounter this problem, yet the use of prehospital data to evaluate the prevalence and magnitude of substance abuse has been limited. HYPOTHESIS/PROBLEM: This study evaluated drug and alcohol use through the use of prehospital and EMS data in one suburban county in Maryland (USA). The primary hypothesis was that the type of drug being abused is associated with age...
October 2014: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Jennifer F Anders, Kathleen Adelgais, John D Hoyle, Cody Olsen, David M Jaffe, Julie C Leonard
BACKGROUND: Pediatric cervical spine injury is rare. As a result, evidence-based guidance for prehospital triage of children with suspected cervical spine injuries is limited. The effects of transport time and secondary transfer for specialty care have not previously been examined in the subset of children with cervical spine injuries. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine if prehospital destination choice affects outcomes for children with cervical spine injuries...
January 2014: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Sharon McKinley, Mary Fien, Rosalind Elliott, Doug Elliott
INTRODUCTION: Intensive care patients often report sleep disruption in ICU and during recovery from critical illness. OBJECTIVES: To assess: (i) patients' self-reported sleep quality in ICU, on the hospital ward after transfer from ICU and two and six months after hospital discharge; (ii) whether patients who report sleep disruption in ICU continue to report sleep disruption in recovery and (iii) whether prehospital insomnia, experiences in intensive care, quality of life and psychological health are associated with sleep disruption six months after hospital discharge...
December 2013: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
John T Street, Vanessa K Noonan, Antoinette Cheung, Charles G Fisher, Marcel F Dvorak
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Adverse events (AEs) with significant resultant morbidity are common during the acute hospital care of patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI). The Rick Hansen SCI Registry (RHSCIR) collects Canada-wide data on patients with TSCI, such as sociodemographic, injury, diagnosis, intervention, and health outcome details. These data contribute to an evidence base for informing best practice and improving SCI care. As the RHSCIR captures data on patients from prehospital to community phases of care, it is an invaluable resource for providing information on health outcomes resulting from TSCI, including outcomes related to AEs...
May 1, 2015: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Charilaos Lygidakis, Stella Argyriadou, Anastasia Lygera
OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed at reporting on whether or not primary care doctors follow atrial fibrillation (AF) treatment protocols, and on the mental distress of such patients. METHODS: A total of 138 patients with first detected or recurrent AF were examined in a health center. Demographic data were collected and their lifestyle and medical history for rhythm-related pathologies and chronic medication were investigated. Physical examination, electrocardiogram (EKG), and in selected cases, lab analysis were carried-out...
April 1, 2010: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
Karine Price, Stéphane Perron, Norman King
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this paper is to describe Montreal's heat response plan and its application during the July 2010 heat wave. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: The Montreal heat response plan is designed to ensure the surveillance of weather and health indicators during the summer season and to coordinate actions to be undertaken during this period to reduce morbidity and mortality due to heat, particularly when weather thresholds are reached or an increase in health indicators is observed...
February 11, 2013: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Toshikazu Abe, Shinichi Ishimatsu, Yasuharu Tokuda
INTRODUCTION: Few studies are available on the clinical characteristics of patients using emergency medical transports in Japan. In this study, we aimed to investigate reasons for emergency medical transports and their relation to clinical severity. METHODS: We conducted a 3-year population-based observational study of patients transported by ambulance to emergency departments (ED) in the capital of Japan, Tokyo, which has a population of about 13 million. Demographic data, reasons for transport, and the severity of initial assessment at ED were recorded...
2013: PloS One
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