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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341496/association-of-genetic-variants-in-the-interleukin-18-gene-promoter-with-risk-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-metastasis-in-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#1
Noha M Bakr, Ashraf Awad, Emad A Moustafa
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignancy of the liver, characterized by high vascularization and rapid tumor progression. The current case-control study aimed to analyze the influence of -607C/A and -137G/C polymorphisms in the interleukin-18 (IL-18) promoter on the risk of HCC occurrence and metastasis in Egyptian patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Both genetic variations were genotyped in 279 subjects including HCV patients with and without HCC and unrelated healthy subjects, using the allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR) method...
January 17, 2018: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334197/increased-non-aids-mortality-among-persons-with-aids-defining-events-after-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation
#2
April C Pettit, Mark J Giganti, Suzanne M Ingle, Margaret T May, Bryan E Shepherd, Michael J Gill, Gerd Fätkenheuer, Sophie Abgrall, Michael S Saag, Julia Del Amo, Amy C Justice, Jose M Miro, Matthias Cavasinni, François Dabis, Antonella D Monforte, Peter Reiss, Jodie Guest, David Moore, Leah Shepherd, Niels Obel, Heidi M Crane, Colette Smith, Ramon Teira, Robert Zangerle, Jonathan Ac Sterne, Timothy R Sterling
INTRODUCTION: HIV-1 infection leads to chronic inflammation and to an increased risk of non-AIDS mortality. Our objective was to determine whether AIDS-defining events (ADEs) were associated with increased overall and cause-specific non-AIDS related mortality after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation. METHODS: We included HIV treatment-naïve adults from the Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration (ART-CC) who initiated ART from 1996 to 2014. Causes of death were assigned using the Coding Causes of Death in HIV (CoDe) protocol...
January 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325356/-the-role-and-significance-of-digital-reconstruction-technique-in-liver-segments-based-on-portal-vein-structure
#3
X J Zhou, Q Dong, C Z Zhu, X Chen, B Wei, Y H Duan, J Zhao, X W Hao, H Zhang, P Nie, B Hu, W J Xu, R W Shen, Z H Chen, K R Dong, Y Z Bai, Q Shu, W J Luo, F Gao, N Xia, Q Y Yu
Objective: To study the segment of liver according to the large amount of three-dimensional(3D) reconstructive images of normal human livers and the vascular system, and to recognize the basic functional liver unit based on the anatomic features of the intrahepatic portal veins. Methods: The enhanced CT primitive DICOM files of 1 260 normal human livers from different age groups who treated from October 2013 to February 2017 provided by 16 hospitals were analyzed using the computer-aided surgery system.The 3D liver and liver vascular system were reconstructed, and the digital liver 3D model was established...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316030/understanding-and-addressing-hepatitis-c-reinfection-in-the-oral-direct-acting-antiviral-era
#4
Oluwaseun Falade-Nwulia, Mark S Sulkowski, Alana Merkow, Carl Latkin, Shruti H Mehta
The availability of effective, simple, well tolerated oral direct acting antiviral (DAA) hepatitis C regimens have raised optimism for HCV elimination at the population level. HCV reinfection in key populations such as people who inject drugs (PWID) and HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) however threatens the achievement of this goal both from a patient, provider and population perspective. The goal of this review is to synthesize our current understanding of estimated rates and factors associated with HCV reinfection...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313175/a-biomolecular-network-driven-proteinic-interaction-in-hcv-clearance
#5
Pratichi Singh, Febin Prabhu Dass J
Hepatitis C virus infection causes chronic liver disease that leads to cancer-related mortality. Presently around 30% of the HCV (infected) affected population get rid of the infection through spontaneous disease clearance. This phenomenon is conducted by a set of reported immune candidate genes. Hence, this study focuses only on these immune-response related genes with aid of network approach, where the idea is to disseminate the network for better understanding of key functional genes and their transcription control activity...
January 8, 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310975/influence-of-birth-origin-and-risk-factor-profile-on-hepatitis-b-mortality-philadelphia-pa-2003-2013
#6
Dana C Higgins, Danica E Kuncio, Caroline C Johnson, Kendra M Viner
PURPOSE: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) affects specific subpopulations in the United States, including individuals born in HBV-endemic countries and persons engaging in high-risk behaviors. METHODS: The 2003-2013 HBV registry data and surveillance investigations for Philadelphia, PA were matched to death certificate data to examine demographic, risk factor, and cause of death characteristics among HBV-infected populations. Bivariate analysis compared investigated foreign-born (FB) and US-born chronic HBV individuals...
December 22, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299894/human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-and-hepatitis-virus-coinfection-among-hiv-infected-korean-patients-the-korea-hiv-aids-cohort-study
#7
Yong Chan Kim, Jin Young Ahn, June Myung Kim, Youn Jeong Kim, Dae Won Park, Young Kyung Yoon, Joon Young Song, Shin Woo Kim, Jin Soo Lee, Bo Youl Choi, Yun Su Choi, Ju Yeon Choi, Myung Guk Han, Chun Kang, Jun Yong Choi
BACKGROUND: Despite declines in mortality and morbidity rates of patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection as the result of highly active antiretroviral therapy, liver diseases due to chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are a leading cause of death among HIV-infected patients. However, HIV and HBV or HCV coinfection is still poorly documented, and more information is needed to better understand the characteristics of HIV-infected patients in Korea...
December 2017: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294575/-prevalence-and-related-factors-of-hiv-hbv-coinfection-among-hiv-aids-patients
#8
D Feng, T Yao, Y P Cheng, M H Pan, C X Li, J Wang, Y L Feng, J Shi, H L Huang, H Y Lu, G H Lan, S P Wang, Y W Zhang
Objective: To reveal the prevalence and the related factors of hepatitis B (HepB) virus infection among HIV/AIDS patients. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in two HIV clinics, affiliated to local Centers of Disease Control and Prevention in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Regional. A face-to-face interview, with questionnaire was conducted to collect information on socio-demographic characteristics, drug use, and sexual behavior. Blood samples were used to test HBsAg. χ(2) test or Fisher's exact test and unconditional logistic regression models were used to identify the influencing factors...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240798/the-cost-of-comorbidities-in-treatment-for-hiv-aids-in-california
#9
David S Zingmond, Kodi B Arfer, Jennifer L Gildner, Arleen A Leibowitz
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy has increased longevity for people living with HIV (PLWH). As a result, PLWH increasingly experience the common diseases of aging and the resources needed to manage these comorbidities are increasing. This paper characterizes the number and types of comorbidities diagnosed among PLWH covered by Medicare and examines how non-HIV comorbidities relate to outpatient, inpatient, and pharmaceutical expenditures. METHODS: The study examined Medicare expenditures for 9767 HIV-positive Californians enrolled in Medicare in 2010 (7208 persons dually covered by Medicare and Medicaid and 2559 with Medicare only)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233919/diacylglycerol-kinase-%C3%AE-deficiency-alters-inflammation-markers-in-adipose-tissue-in-response-to-high-fat-diet
#10
Emmani B M Nascimento, Louise Mannerås Holm, Alexander V Chibalin, Marie Björnholm, Juleen R Zierath
Conversion of diacylglycerol to phosphatidic acid is mediated by diacylglycerol kinases (DGK), with DGKα specifically linked to adaptive immune responses. We determined the role of DGKα in obesity and inflammatory responses to a high fat diet (HFD). DGKα knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) littermates were either a) chow-fed, b) HFD-fed for 12 weeks (Long-Term HFD), or c) HFD-fed for 3 days (Acute HFD). Body weight/composition, oxygen consumption, food intake and glucose tolerance (IPGT) was unaltered between chow-fed DGKα KO and WT mice...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233572/hospitalization-of-hiv-positive-patients-significant-demand-affecting-all-hospital-sectors
#11
R Seng, P Mutuon, J Riou, C Duvivier, L Weiss, J D Lelievre, L Meyer, D Vittecoq, O Zak Dit Zbar, J Frenkiel, M Frank-Soltysiak, F Boue, C Rapp, A Sobel, G Brucker, C Goujard, D Salmon
BACKGROUND: In a context of the evolution of severe morbidities in patients living with HIV (PLWH), the aim of this study was to describe reasons for hospitalization and the mode of care for the patients requiring hospitalization. METHODS: All admissions (≥24h) of PLWH to 10 hospitals in the south of Paris (COREVIH Ile-de-France Sud) between 1/1/2011 and 12/31/2011 were identified. The hospital database and the file of patients followed in the HIV referral department of each hospital were matched...
December 9, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223776/impact-of-edaphic-factors-and-nutrient-management-on-the-hepatoprotective-efficiency-of-carlinoside-purified-from-pigeon-pea-leaves-an-evaluation-of-ugt1a1-activity-in-hepatitis-induced-organelles
#12
Subhasish Das, K Charan Teja, Sandip Mukherjee, Soma Seal, Rajesh Kumar Sah, Buddhadeb Duary, Ki-Hyun Kim, Satya Sundar Bhattacharya
Carlinoside is a unique compound well-known for its excellent curative potential in hepatitis. There is a substantial research gap regarding the medicinal use of carlinoside, as its concentrations are greatly variable (depending on locality). We cultivated Cajanus cajan using vermicompost as a major organic amendment at two locations (Sonitpur and Birbhum) with different soil types, but identical climate conditions. Sonitpur soils were richer in soil organic C (SOC), enzyme activation, and N/P content than Birbhum...
December 7, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220079/hepatitis-c-virus-genotyping-of-organ-donor-samples-to-aid-in-transplantation-of-hcv-positive-organs
#13
Caren Gentile, Vivianna M Van Deerlin, David S Goldberg, Peter P Reese, Richard D Hasz, Peter Abt, Emily Blumberg, Midhat S Farooqi
Given the availability of new highly efficacious anti-HCV therapies, some clinicians have advocated for wider use of kidneys from hepatitis C virus-positive (HCV+) donors, including transplanting them into HCV-negative recipients. As treatment regimens for HCV are commonly guided by genotype, pretransplant HCV genotyping of tissue donors would be beneficial. To our knowledge, donor HCV genotyping has never been reported. We retrieved archived frozen plasma samples for 17 previous organ donors through a local organ procurement organization...
December 8, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181956/infectious-diseases-in-poland-in-2015
#14
Małgorzata Sadkowska-Todys, Andrzej Zieliński, Mirosław P. Czarkowski
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This is the next annual analysis of the situation of infectious and parasitic diseases in Poland in 2015 within the framework of the Epidemiological Chronicle of Przegląd Epidemiologiczny - Epidemiological Review. Its purpose is to identify potential threats to the health of populations from infectious diseases occurring in Poland with reference to other parts of the globe. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This paper is an introduction to more detailed studies of the epidemiological situation of selected infectious diseases and summarizes the results of the surveillance of infectious diseases in Poland in 2015...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175794/cost-effectiveness-evaluation-of-hepatitis-c-therapy-in-lahore
#15
Yoanna Juliet David, Amna Tahir, Munaza Riaz
Approximately 10 million Pakistan's of population is a victim of Hepatitis C virus. A comparative study of two treatments for Hepatitis C being provided in private clinics and government hospitals was conducted to evaluate the cost effectiveness of these treatments. The quality adjusted life years (QALYs) for each treatment plan was determined with the help of health utilities, using EQ-5D scores. A comprehensive data collection form aided in scrutinizing the cause and effect of each treatment on the patient's quality of life...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175231/field-performance-of-the-determine-hbsag-point-of-care-test-for-diagnosis-of-hepatitis-b-virus-co-infection-among-hiv-patients-in-zambia
#16
Caroline C Chisenga, Kalo Musukuma, Roma Chilengi, Samuel Zürcher, Virginia Munamunungu, Alice Siyunda, David Ojok, Sophie Bauer, Gilles Wandeler, Michael Vinikoor
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the field performance of a rapid point-of-care (POC) test for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) that could support decentralization and scale-up of hepatitis B virus (HBV) diagnosis in Africa. OBJECTIVE: To determine the field performance of the Determine HBsAg POC test for diagnosis of HBV co-infection among HIV patients in Zambia. STUDY DESIGN: Between 2013-2014, we screened HIV-infected adults for HBsAg at two urban clinics in Zambia...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163528/the-role-of-transforming-growth-factor-beta-1-in-the-progression-of-hiv-aids-and-development-of-non-aids-defining-fibrotic-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Annette J Theron, Ronald Anderson, Theresa M Rossouw, Helen C Steel
Even after attainment of sustained viral suppression following implementation of highly active antiretroviral therapy, HIV-infected persons continue to experience persistent, low-grade, systemic inflammation. Among other mechanisms, this appears to result from ongoing microbial translocation from a damaged gastrointestinal tract. This HIV-related chronic inflammatory response is paralleled by counteracting, but only partially effective, biological anti-inflammatory processes. Paradoxically, however, this anti-inflammatory response not only exacerbates immunosuppression but also predisposes for development of non-AIDS-related, non-communicable disorders...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159525/hepatic-tumors-of-vascular-origin-imaging-appearances
#18
Eric C Ehman, Michael S Torbenson, Michael L Wells, Brian T Welch, Scott M Thompson, Ishan Garg, Sudhakar K Venkatesh
A number of benign and malignant neoplasms may arise from the vascular elements within the liver parenchyma. Lesions discussed in this article include angiosarcoma, epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, solitary fibrous tumor (hemangiopericytoma), infantile, and cavernous hemangiomas. Despite a common theme of vascular origin, the pathologic and imaging appearance of these entities can be heterogeneous. Angiosarcomas are bizarrely enhancing, highly aggressive tumors, which often present with metastatic disease...
November 20, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135773/tree-based-claims-algorithm-for-measuring-pretreatment-quality-of-care-in-medicare-disabled-hepatitis-c-patients
#19
Viktor V Chirikov, Fadia T Shaya, Ebere Onukwugha, C Daniel Mullins, Susan dosReis, Charles D Howell
BACKGROUND: To help broaden the use of machine-learning approaches in health services research, we provide an easy-to-follow framework on the implementation of random forests and apply it to identify quality of care (QC) patterns correlated with treatment receipt among Medicare disabled patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV). METHODS: Using Medicare claims 2006-2009, we identified 1936 patients with 6 months continuous enrollment before HCV diagnosis. We ran a random forest on 14 pretreatment QC indicators, extracted the forest's representative tree, and aggregated its terminal nodes into 4 QC groups predictive of treatment...
December 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118282/the-role-of-bile-acids-in-glucose-metabolism-and-their-relation-with-diabetes
#20
José Alberto González-Regueiro, Lidia Moreno-Castañeda, Misael Uribe, Norberto C Chávez-Tapia
Bile acids (BAs), the end products of cholesterol catabolism, are essential for the absorption of lipids and fat-soluble vitamins; but they have also emerged as novel signaling molecules that act as metabolic regulators. It has been well described that the enterohepatic circulation, a nuclear (FXR) and a cytoplasmic (TGR5/M-BAR) receptor aid in controlling hepatic bile acid synthesis. Modulating bile acid synthesis greatly impacts in metabolism, because these receptors also are implicated in glucose, lipid, and energy expenditure...
October 4, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
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