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hepatitis C AIDS

Abdel-Rahman N Zekri, Enas Reda El-Sisi, Amira Salah El-Din Youssef, Mahmoud M Kamel, Auhood Nassar, Ola Sayed Ahmed, Mohamed El Kassas, Ahmed Barakat Barakat, Alaa Ismail Abd El-Motaleb, Abeer A Bahnassy
AIM: Molecular characterization of the CD133+ stem cells associated with hepatocarinogensis through identifying the expression patterns of specific microRNAs (miRNAs). METHODS: We investigated the expression pattern of 13 miRNAs in purified CD133+ cells separated from the peripheral blood of healthy volunteers, chronic hepatitis C (CHC), liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients a long with bone marrow samples from the healthy volunteers and the LC patients using custom miScript miRNA PCR array...
2018: PloS One
Luis J Jara, Gabriela Medina, Miguel A Saavedra
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update about the interactions between infections and autoimmune diseases (AIDs), from the molecular perspective to the clinical spectrum and the differentiation between infection and disease activity. RECENT FINDINGS: Any kind of infection may modify the innate and adaptive immune response through the following mechanisms: molecular mimicry, superantigens, epitope spreading and B-cell activation. The consequence is the overproduction of antibodies shared with those found in AIDs...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
L Ryom, C Boesecke, M Bracchi, J Ambrosioni, A Pozniak, J Arribas, G Behrens, Pgm Mallon, M Puoti, A Rauch, J M Miro, O Kirk, C Marzolini, J D Lundgren, M Battegay
BACKGROUND: The European AIDS Clinical Society (EACS) Guidelines have since 2005 provided multidisciplinary recommendations for the care of HIV-positive persons in geographically diverse areas. GUIDELINE HIGHLIGHTS: Major revisions have been made in all sections of the 2017 Guidelines: antiretroviral treatment (ART), comorbidities, coinfections and opportunistic diseases. Newly added are also a summary of the main changes made, and direct video links to the EACS online course on HIV Management...
March 1, 2018: HIV Medicine
Kiran K Khush
The growing disparity between the supply of donor hearts for transplantation and the demand for such organs has led to liberalization of the criteria for donor heart acceptance over the past few decades. The upper age limit and size restrictions for donor heart acceptance continue to be revised and hearts are being routinely used from donors with left ventricular dysfunction, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), cocaine use, multiple medical co-morbidities and after cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This article reviews recent data for use of such "expanded criteria" donor hearts and suggests ways to further increase the donor pool, including use of hearts from donors with hepatitis C and after circulatory determination of death...
January 2018: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
M C Politi, N George, T Li, K M Korenblat, K J Fowler, C Ho, A Liapakis, D Roth, J Yee
Background: Recent advances in treatment have given patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) access to safer and more effective medications to treat comorbid hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Given the variety and complexity of treatment options that depend on patients' clinical characteristics and personal preferences, education and decision support are needed to prepare patients better to discuss treatment options with their clinicians. Methods: Drawing on International Patient Decision Aids Standards guidelines, literature reviews, and guidance from a diverse expert advisory group of nephrologists, hepatologists, and patients, we will develop and test a HCV and CKD decision support tool...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Sabine Heublein, Markus Albertsmeier, David Pfeifer, Lisa Loehrs, Alexandr V Bazhin, Thomas Kirchner, Jens Werner, Jens Neumann, Martin Kurt Angele
BACKGROUND: Though peritoneal carcinomatosis reflects a late stage of colorectal cancer (CRC), only few patients present with synchronous or metachronous liver metastases alongside their peritoneal carcinomatosis. It is hypothesized that this phenomenon may be causally linked to molecular characteristics of the primary CRC. This study used miRNA profiling of primary CRC tissue either metastasized to the liver, to the peritoneum or not metastasized at all thus to identify miRNAs potentially associated with defining the site of metastatic spread in CRC...
February 20, 2018: BMC Cancer
Elkin Hernán Bermúdez-Aza, Sharmila Shetty, Janet Ousley, Nang Thu Thu Kyaw, Theint Thida Soe, Kyipyar Soe, Phyu Ei Mon, Kyaw Tin Tun, Iza Ciglenecki, Susanna Cristofani, Marcelo Fernandez
OBJECTIVE: To study the long-term clinical, immunological and virological outcomes among people living with HIV on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Myanmar. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of people on ART for >9 years followed by a cross-sectional survey among the patients in this group who remained on ART at the time of the survey. Routinely collected medical data established the baseline clinical and demographic characteristics for adult patients initiating ART between 2004 and 2006...
2018: PloS One
Richard A Elion, Keri N Althoff, Jinbing Zhang, Richard D Moore, Stephen J Gange, Mari M Kitahata, Heidi M Crane, Daniel R Drozd, James H Stein, Marina B Klein, Joseph J Eron, Michael J Silverberg, William C Mathews, Amy C Justice, Timothy R Sterling, Charles S Rabkin, Angel M Mayor, Daniel B Klein, Michael A Horberg, Ronald J Bosch, Oghenowede Eyawo, Frank J Palella
BACKGROUND: There is persistent confusion as to whether abacavir (ABC) increases the risk for myocardial infarction (MI), and whether such risk differs by Type 1 (T1MI) or 2 (T2MI) MI in adults with HIV. METHODS: Incident MIs in NA-ACCORD participants were identified from 2001 to 2013. Discrete time marginal structural models addressed channeling biases and time-dependent confounding to estimate crude (HR) and adjusted hazard ratios (aHR) and 95% confidence intervals; analyses were performed for T1MI and T2MI separately...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
McNeil Ngongondo, Sachiko Miyahara, Michael D Hughes, Xin Sun, Gregory P Bisson, Amita Gupta, Johnstone Kumwenda, Jeffrey A Lavenberg, Thiago Silva Torres, Mulinda Nyirenda, Katende Kenneth Kidonge, Mina C Hosseinpour
BACKGROUND: Hepatotoxicity associated with isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) and antiretroviral therapy (ART) has not been well studied in severely immunosuppressed people with HIV. Our objective was to determine risk factors for hepatotoxicity in severely immunosuppressed individuals taking IPT and ART. SETTING: Multi-center study in resource limited settings with high burden of tuberculosis. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from one randomized arm of the REMEMBER trial...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Denise Jaworsky, Peter Phillips, Zishan Cui, William Chau, Guillaume Colley, Raja Dutta, Benita Yip, Hayden Kremer, Oghenowede Eyawo, Julio Sg Montaner, Mark W Hull
Advances in HIV therapies have transformed HIV infection into a manageable chronic disease. Accordingly, hospital admission trends among people living with HIV may have evolved over time. This study describes discharge diagnoses from the dedicated HIV/AIDS ward at St. Paul's Hospital in Vancouver, Canada. A retrospective database review of admissions to the HIV/AIDS ward between 1 July 2005 and 30 June 2014 was conducted. Primary discharge diagnoses were manually categorized by condition and reviewed by two physicians...
February 4, 2018: AIDS Care
C Matthew Hawkins, Alexander J Towbin, Derek J Roebuck, Eric J Monroe, Anne E Gill, Avnesh S Thakor, Richard B Towbin, Anne Marie Cahill, Matthew P Lungren
Hepatoblastoma and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are the most common pediatric liver malignancies, with hepatoblastoma occurring more commonly in younger children and HCC occurring more commonly in older children and adolescents. Although surgical resection (including transplant when necessary) and systemic chemotherapy have improved overall survival rate for hepatoblastoma to approximately 80% from 30%, a number of children with this tumor type are not eligible for operative treatment. In contradistinction, pediatric HCC continues to carry a dismal prognosis with an overall 5-year survival rate of 30%...
February 2, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
M T Yin, A RoyChoudhury, K Nishiyama, T Lang, J Shah, S Olender, D C Ferris, C Zeana, A Sharma, B Zingman, M Bucovsky, I Colon, E Shane
We found that HIV+/HCV+ women had 7-8% lower areal bone mineral density (aBMD) by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at the spine, hip, and radius (p < 0.01) and 5-7% lower volumetric BMD (vBMD) by central quantitative computed tomography (cQCT) at the spine and hip (p < 0.05). These data suggest that true deficits in vBMD may contribute to bone fragility and excess fractures reported in HIV+/HCV+ women. INTRODUCTION: aBMD by DXA is lower in persons coinfected with HIV and HCV (HIV+/HCV+) than with HIV monoinfection (HIV+)...
February 1, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Angélique Ndjoyi-Mbiguino, Arnaud John Kombe Kombe, Berthold Bivigou-Mboumba, Samira Zoa-Assoumou, Falone Larissa Akombi, Francis Nzengui Nzengui, Hervé M'boyis Kamdem, Sandrine François-Souquière
BACKGROUND: Gabon is an endemic area for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) and the risk of co-infection is high. METHOD: Between November 2015 and April 2016, we conducted retrospective study on HCV infection among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA). A total of 491 PLHA were included in this study and tested for the presence of HCV infection. HIV viral loads were obtained using the Generic HIV viral Load® assay and the CD4+ T cells count was performed using BD FACSCount™ CD4 reagents...
2018: PloS One
Magdalena Harris, Oliver Bonnington, Graham Harrison, Matthew Hickman, William Irving
The United Kingdom has committed to eliminating viral hepatitis as a public health threat. Innovative interventions for marginalised populations are required to realise this goal. In 2016, the HepCATT study team implemented a complex hepatitis C (HCV) intervention in three English drug treatment services, with five controls. We report qualitative study findings from two intervention sites to explore intervention success and transferability potential. The intervention comprised multiple components, including a nurse facilitator, peer support and education initiatives...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
Noha M Bakr, Ashraf Awad, Emad A Moustafa
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignancy of the liver, characterized by high vascularization and rapid tumor progression. The current case-control study aimed to analyze the influence of -607C/A and -137G/C polymorphisms in the interleukin-18 (IL-18) promoter on the risk of HCC occurrence and metastasis in Egyptian patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Both genetic variations were genotyped in 279 subjects including HCV patients with and without HCC and unrelated healthy subjects, using the allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR) method...
February 2018: IUBMB Life
April C Pettit, Mark J Giganti, Suzanne M Ingle, Margaret T May, Bryan E Shepherd, Michael J Gill, Gerd Fätkenheuer, Sophie Abgrall, Michael S Saag, Julia Del Amo, Amy C Justice, Jose M Miro, Matthias Cavasinni, François Dabis, Antonella D Monforte, Peter Reiss, Jodie Guest, David Moore, Leah Shepherd, Niels Obel, Heidi M Crane, Colette Smith, Ramon Teira, Robert Zangerle, Jonathan Ac Sterne, Timothy R Sterling
INTRODUCTION: HIV-1 infection leads to chronic inflammation and to an increased risk of non-AIDS mortality. Our objective was to determine whether AIDS-defining events (ADEs) were associated with increased overall and cause-specific non-AIDS related mortality after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation. METHODS: We included HIV treatment-naïve adults from the Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration (ART-CC) who initiated ART from 1996 to 2014. Causes of death were assigned using the Coding Causes of Death in HIV (CoDe) protocol...
January 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
X J Zhou, Q Dong, C Z Zhu, X Chen, B Wei, Y H Duan, J Zhao, X W Hao, H Zhang, P Nie, B Hu, W J Xu, R W Shen, Z H Chen, K R Dong, Y Z Bai, Q Shu, W J Luo, F Gao, N Xia, Q Y Yu
Objective: To study the segment of liver according to the large amount of three-dimensional(3D) reconstructive images of normal human livers and the vascular system, and to recognize the basic functional liver unit based on the anatomic features of the intrahepatic portal veins. Methods: The enhanced CT primitive DICOM files of 1 260 normal human livers from different age groups who treated from October 2013 to February 2017 provided by 16 hospitals were analyzed using the computer-aided surgery system.The 3D liver and liver vascular system were reconstructed, and the digital liver 3D model was established...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Oluwaseun Falade-Nwulia, Mark S Sulkowski, Alana Merkow, Carl Latkin, Shruti H Mehta
The availability of effective, simple, well tolerated oral direct acting antiviral (DAA) hepatitis C regimens have raised optimism for HCV elimination at the population level. HCV reinfection in key populations such as people who inject drugs (PWID) and HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) however threatens the achievement of this goal both from a patient, provider and population perspective. The goal of this review is to synthesize our current understanding of estimated rates and factors associated with HCV reinfection...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
Pratichi Singh, Febin Prabhu Dass J
Hepatitis C virus infection causes chronic liver disease that leads to cancer-related mortality. Presently around 30% of the HCV (infected) affected population get rid of the infection through spontaneous disease clearance. This phenomenon is conducted by a set of reported immune candidate genes. Hence, this study focuses only on these immune-response related genes with aid of network approach, where the idea is to disseminate the network for better understanding of key functional genes and their transcription control activity...
January 8, 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
Dana C Higgins, Danica E Kuncio, Caroline C Johnson, Kendra M Viner
PURPOSE: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) affects specific subpopulations in the United States, including individuals born in HBV-endemic countries and persons engaging in high-risk behaviors. METHODS: The 2003-2013 HBV registry data and surveillance investigations for Philadelphia, PA were matched to death certificate data to examine demographic, risk factor, and cause of death characteristics among HBV-infected populations. Bivariate analysis compared investigated foreign-born (FB) and US-born chronic HBV individuals...
December 22, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
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