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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454068/biochar-based-water-treatment-systems-as-a-potential-low-cost-and-sustainable-technology-for-clean-water-provision
#1
REVIEW
Willis Gwenzi, Nhamo Chaukura, Chicgoua Noubactep, Fungai N D Mukome
Approximately 600 million people lack access to safe drinking water, hence achieving Sustainable Development Goal 6 (Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all by 2030) calls for rapid translation of recent research into practical and frugal solutions within the remaining 13 years. Biochars, with excellent capacity to remove several contaminants from aqueous solutions, constitute an untapped technology for drinking water treatment. Biochar water treatment has several potential merits compared to existing low-cost methods (i...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454018/chemical-characteristic-of-pm2-5-emission-and-inhalational-carcinogenic-risk-of-domestic-chinese-cooking
#2
Nan Zhang, Bin Han, Fei He, Jia Xu, Ruojie Zhao, Yujuan Zhang, Zhipeng Bai
To illustrate chemical characteristic of PM2.5 emission and assess inhalational carcinogenic risk of domestic Chinese cooking, 5 sets of duplicate cooking samples were collected, using the most used 5 types of oil. The mass abundance of 14 elements, 5 water-soluble ions, organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC) and 11 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were calculated; the signature and diagnostic ratio of cooking in the domestic kitchen were analyzed; and carcinogenic risks of heavy metals and PAHs via inhalation were assessed in two scenarios...
April 25, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454014/reduced-mouse-allergen-is-associated-with-epigenetic-changes-in-regulatory-genes-but-not-mouse-sensitization-in-asthmatic-children
#3
Rachel L Miller, Hanjie Zhang, Jacqueline Jezioro, Mariangels De Planell Saguer, Stephanie Lovinsky-Desir, Xinhua Liu, Matthew Perzanowski, Adnan Divjan, Wanda Phipatanakul, Elizabeth C Matsui
Chronic exposure to mouse allergen may contribute greatly to the inner-city asthma burden. We hypothesized that reducing mouse allergen exposure may modulate the immunopathology underlying symptomatic pediatric allergic asthma, and that this occurs through epigenetic regulation. To test this hypothesis, we studied a cohort of mouse sensitized, persistent asthmatic inner-city children undergoing mouse allergen-targeted integrated pest management (IPM) vs education in a randomized controlled intervention trial...
April 25, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453916/digital-technology-and-clinical-decision-making-in-depression-treatment-current-findings-and-future-opportunities
#4
REVIEW
Kevin A Hallgren, Amy M Bauer, David C Atkins
Clinical decision making encompasses a broad set of processes that contribute to the effectiveness of depression treatments. There is emerging interest in using digital technologies to support effective and efficient clinical decision making. In this paper, we provide "snapshots" of research and current directions on ways that digital technologies can support clinical decision making in depression treatment. Practical facets of clinical decision making are reviewed, then research, design, and implementation opportunities where technology can potentially enhance clinical decision making are outlined...
April 28, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453714/evaluating-the-effect-of-integrated-microfinance-and-health-interventions-an-updated-review-of-the-evidence
#5
Lara M J Lorenzetti, Sheila Leatherman, Valerie L Flax
Background: Solutions delivered within firm sectoral boundaries are inadequate in achieving income security and better health for poor populations. Integrated microfinance and health interventions leverage networks of women to promote financial inclusion, build livelihoods, and safeguard against high cost illnesses. Our understanding of the effect of integrated interventions has been limited by variability in intervention, outcome, design, and methodological rigour. This systematic review synthesises the literature through 2015 to understand the effect of integrated microfinance and health programs...
June 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453484/can-better-management-of-periodontal-disease-delay-the-onset-and-progression-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Alice Harding, Sarita Robinson, St John Crean, Sim K Singhrao
A risk factor relationship exists between periodontal disease and Alzheimer's disease (AD) via tooth loss, and improved memory following dental intervention. This links the microbial contribution from indigenous oral periodontal pathogens to the manifestation of chronic conditions, such as AD. Here, we use Porphyromonas gingivalis infection to illustrate its effect on mental health. P. gingivalis infection, in its primary sub-gingival niche, can cause polymicrobial synergy and dysbiosis. Dysbiosis describes the residency of select commensals from the oral cavity following co-aggregation around the dominant keystone pathogen, such as P...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453417/experience-challenges-and-opportunities-of-being-fully-embedded-in-a-user-group
#7
Lin Wu, Joel Thornton
Embedded librarian models can assume different forms and levels, depending on patron needs and a library's choice of delivery services. An academic health sciences library decided to enhance its service delivery model by integrating a librarian into the College of Pharmacy, approximately 250 miles away from the main library. This article describes the embedded librarian's first-year experience, challenges, and opportunities working as a library faculty in the college. The comparison of one-year recorded statistics on preembedded and postembedded activities demonstrated the effectiveness and impact of such an embedded librarian model...
April 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453376/control-of-the-unfolded-protein-response-in-health-and-disease
#8
Dimitrios Doultsinos, Tony Avril, Stéphanie Lhomond, Nicolas Dejeans, Philippe Guédat, Eric Chevet
The unfolded protein response (UPR) is an integrated, adaptive biochemical process that is inextricably linked with cell homeostasis and paramount to maintenance of normal physiological function. Prolonged accumulation of improperly folded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) leads to stress. This is the driving stimulus behind the UPR. As such, prolonged ER stress can push the UPR past beneficial functions such as reduced protein production and increased folding and clearance to apoptotic signaling. The UPR is thus contributory to the commencement, maintenance, and exacerbation of a multitude of disease states, making it an attractive global target to tackle conditions sorely in need of novel therapeutic intervention...
April 1, 2017: SLAS Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453319/does-a-checklist-reduce-the-number-of-errors-made-in-nurse-assembled-discharge-prescriptions
#9
Corrine Byrne, Hannah Sierra, Rowan Tolhurst
BACKGROUND: The safe supply of medicines is an integral part of being discharged from hospital. Locally, nurses are responsible for assembling medication for discharge prescriptions. Over a 2-year period 15 serious medication errors relating to discharge were reported on the health and ageing unit. This project was designed to evaluate whether a discharge medication checklist could reduce errors on nurse-assembled discharge prescriptions. METHODS AND RESULTS: A baseline audit was conducted to identify the number of medication errors on nurse-assembled discharge prescriptions...
April 27, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449132/sex-and-diffusion-tensor-imaging-of-white-matter-in-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-plus-meta-analysis-of-the-corpus-callosum
#10
Saba Shahab, Laura Stefanik, George Foussias, Meng-Chuan Lai, Kelly K Anderson, Aristotle N Voineskos
Sex is considered an understudied variable in health research. Schizophrenia is a brain disorder with known sex differences in epidemiology and clinical presentation. We systematically reviewed the literature for sex-based differences of diffusion properties of white matter tracts in schizophrenia. We then conducted a meta-analysis examining sex-based differences in the genu and splenium of the corpus callosum in schizophrenia. Medline and Embase were searched to identify relevant papers. Studies fulfilling the following criteria were included: (1) included individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, (2) included a control group of healthy individuals, (3) included both sexes in the patient and the control groups, (4) used diffusion tensor imaging, and (5) involved analyzing metrics of white matter microstructural integrity...
April 26, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449054/i-learn-therefore-i-am-a-phenomenological-analysis-of-meanings-of-lifelong-learning-for-vulnerable-older-adults
#11
Miya Narushima, Jian Liu, Naomi Diestelkamp
Background and Objectives: This study explores the lifelong learning experience of vulnerable older adults to find out (a) what is involved in their activities, (b) what meanings they take from their learning, and (c) how participation in a learning program helps to maintain their well-being and independent living despite their daily challenges. Research Design and Methods: This study employed a hermeneutic phenomenological approach. As part of a larger study, we conducted semi-structured interviews with older learners enrolled in general interest courses at a public continuing education program...
April 26, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449045/the-relationship-between-self-reported-health-status-and-signs-of-psychological-distress-within-european-urban-contexts
#12
Greg Williams, Francesco Di Nardo, Arpana Verma
Self-reported health status (SRHS) reflects an individual's perception of their social, biological and psychological health, and has been linked to increased mortality risk and increased use of health services. Having a psychological co-morbidity can reduce health outcomes and increase healthcare costs. This paper investigates the relationship between SRHS and signs of psychological distress (PD) in European urban settings. The study sample comprised 20 439 adult respondents to surveys conducted across 37 urban areas...
April 25, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448980/-the-concept-of-integrative-and-personalized-health-care
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Complementary Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448903/violence-trauma-and-living-with-hiv-longitudinal-predictors-of-initiating-crystal-methamphetamine-injection-among-sex-workers
#14
Elena Argento, Steffanie A Strathdee, Shira Goldenberg, Melissa Braschel, Julio Montaner, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: Despite rapid increases in crystal methamphetamine (CM) use worldwide and established gendered patterns of use, empirical research on CM injection initiation among sex workers is limited. Given the wide range of harms associated with CM, alongside stimulant effects including sexual dis-inhibition and prolonged awake-ness, this study aimed to longitudinally investigate socio-structural predictors of initiating CM injection among sex workers in Vancouver, Canada. METHODS: Data (2010-2014) were drawn from a community-based cohort of women sex workers: AESHA (An Evaluation of Sex Workers Health Access)...
April 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448883/exploring-the-attitudes-knowledge-and-beliefs-of-nurses-and-midwives-of-the-healthcare-needs-of-the-lgbtq-population-an-integrative-review
#15
REVIEW
Kate Stewart, Pauline O'Reilly
OBJECTIVES: To explore current literature surrounding the knowledge, beliefs and attitudes of nurses and midwives of the healthcare needs of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer (LGBTQ) patients and their influence on equal and non-discriminatory care for LGBTQ individuals. DESIGN: Systematic integrative review. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, InterNurse. REVIEW METHODS: This integrative review used Wakefield's (2014) framework to establish the knowledge, beliefs and attitudes of nurses and midwives of the healthcare needs of LGBTQ patients...
April 18, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448857/fifth-ovarian-cancer-consensus-conference-of-the-gynecologic-cancer-intergroup-recommendations-on-incorporating-patient-reported-outcomes-in-clinical-trials-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#16
Florence Joly, Felix Hilpert, Aikou Okamoto, Gavin Stuart, Kasunori Ochiai, Michael Friedlander
Despite the support for including patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and health-related quality of life in clinical trials, there have been deficiencies in how these have been assessed and reported in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) clinical trials. To redress this, the 5th Ovarian Cancer Consensus Conference, included a plenary session entitled 'How to include PROs in clinical trials'. The perspective is a summary of the recommendations made by the Gynecologic Cancer InterGroup unanimously agreed on the importance of PROs and PRO end-points in EOC clinical trials...
April 24, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448783/effectiveness-of-a-clinical-pharmacist-medication-therapy-management-program-in-discontinuation-of-drugs-to-avoid-in-the-elderly
#17
Nicole Caffiero, Thomas Delate, Mercy D Ehizuelen, Kris Vogel
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence of fall risk associated with some drugs to avoid in the elderly (DAEs), many aged patients continue to receive them. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a clinical pharmacist medication therapy management program (MTM) on discontinuation of prescribed DAEs. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at an integrated health care delivery system. Kaiser Permanente Colorado beneficiaries aged ≥65 years who were MTM-eligible and targeted for a DAE dispensing between 01/01/2015 and 09/30/2015 were included in the observation group...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448782/amcp-partnership-forum-driving-value-and-outcomes-in-oncology
#18
(no author information available yet)
Innovation in cancer treatment has provided a wealth of recently available therapeutic agents and a healthy drug pipeline that promises to change the way we approach this disease and the lives of those affected in the years to come. However, the majority of these new agents, many of which are targeted to specific genomic features of various tumors, may challenge the health care system's ability to afford cancer care. This innovation drives the need to focus on the value of the treatments provided to patients with cancer and on methods to optimize the efficiency of the dollars we spend, in addition to the clinical value itself...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448780/integration-strategies-of-pharmacists-in-primary-care-based-accountable-care-organizations-a-report-from-the-accountable-care-organization-research-network-services-and-education
#19
Tina Joseph, Genevieve M Hale, Sara M Eltaki, Yesenia Prados, Renee Jones, Matthew J Seamon, Cynthia Moreau, Stephanie A Gernant
BACKGROUND: The accountable care organization (ACO) is an innovative health care delivery model centered on value-based care. ACOs consisting of primary care providers are increasingly becoming commonplace in practice; however, medication management remains suboptimal. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: As experts in medication management, pharmacists perform direct patient care and assist in the transition from one provider to another, which places them in an ideal position to manage multiple aspects of patient care...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448775/exploring-electronic-medical-record-and-self-administered-medication-risk-screening-tools-in-a-primary-care-clinic
#20
Mark J Makowsky, Ken Cor, Tat Wong
BACKGROUND: Electronic medical record (EMR) screening for indicators of medication risk could improve efficiency in identifying primary care clinic patients in need of clinical pharmacist care compared with patient self-reporting. OBJECTIVES: To (a) compare the performance of an EMR medication risk assessment questionnaire (MRAQ) with a self-administered (SA) MRAQ and (b) explore each tool's ability to predict indicators of health behavior, health status, and health care utilization...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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