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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452838/external-quality-control-program-in-screening-for-infectious-diseases-at-blood-banks-in-mexico
#1
J Manuel Bello-López, Cristina Castañeda-García, Celerino Muñoz-Estrada, Antonio José Machorro-Peréz
INTRODUCTION: Quality control for the detection of infectious markers in blood banks is a necessary activity to ensure the accuracy of donor screening results. Considering that in Mexico blood safety is one of the goals of the National Action Programs, it is essential to evaluate banks through an External Quality Control Program. OBJECTIVE: To analyze one of the evaluations that showed the greatest participation (2014-2/lot46) of banks in the Mexican Republic in the detection of transfusion-transmitted diseases...
January 11, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447085/paritaprevir-ritonavir-ombitasvir-plus-dasabuvir-in-hiv-hcv-coinfected-patients-with-genotype-1-in-real-life-practice
#2
Juan A Pineda, Antonio Rivero-Juárez, Ignacio de Los Santos, Antonio Collado, Dolores Merino, Luis E Morano-Amado, María J Ríos, Montserrat Pérez-Pérez, Francisco Téllez, Rosario Palacios, Ana B Pérez, María Mancebo, Antonio Rivero, Juan Macías
Background Data on the efficacy, safety, and concomitant use with other drugs of the combination ritonavir-boosted paritaprevir/ombitasvir plus dasabuvir (PrOD) in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients in real life are limited. The objectives of this study were to analyze these topics in HIV/HCV-coinfected subjects bearing HCV genotype 1 (GT1). Methods One hundred and eighty-two HIV/HCV-coinfected patients with GT1 (87 1a, 71 1b, 23 other) treated with PrOD, plus ribavirin (RBV) in 119 cases, in routine clinical practice were analyzed...
February 15, 2018: HIV Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438397/capacity-of-non-invasive-hepatic-fibrosis-algorithms-to-replace-transient-elastography-to-exclude-cirrhosis-in-people-with-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-a-multi-centre-observational-study
#3
Melissa Louise Kelly, Stephen M Riordan, Rohan Bopage, Andrew R Lloyd, Jeffrey John Post
INTRODUCTION: Achievement of the 2030 World Health Organisation (WHO) global hepatitis C virus (HCV) elimination targets will be underpinned by scale-up of testing and use of direct-acting antiviral treatments. In Australia, despite publically-funded testing and treatment, less than 15% of patients were treated in the first year of treatment access, highlighting the need for greater efficiency of health service delivery. To this end, non-invasive fibrosis algorithms were examined to reduce reliance on transient elastography (TE) which is currently utilised for the assessment of cirrhosis in most Australian clinical settings...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438197/elevated-liver-stiffness-is-linked-to-increased-biomarkers-of-inflammation-and-immune-activation-in-hiv-hcv-coinfected-patients
#4
Luz Maria Medrano, Pilar Garcia-Broncano, Juan Berenguer, Juan González-García, Ma Ángeles Jiménez-Sousa, Josep M Guardiola, Manuel Crespo, Carmen Quereda, José Sanz, Isabel Canorea, Ana Carrero, Victor Hontañón, Ma Ángeles Muñoz-Fernández, Salvador Resino
OBJECTIVES: Immune dysregulation is a hallmark of HIV and HCV infections. To evaluate the relationship between liver stiffness measure (LSM) and biomarkers of T cell activation, bacterial translocation, inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and coagulopathy in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: We studied 238 HIV/HCV-coinfected patients, 32 healthy controls and 39 HIV-monoinfected patients. Patients were stratified according to LSM into four groups: <12...
February 12, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438195/incidence-of-new-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-is-still-increasing-in-french-msm-living-with-hiv
#5
Pierre Pradat, Thomas Huleux, François Raffi, Pierre Delobel, Marc-Antoine Valantin, Isabelle Poizot-Martin, Pascal Pugliese, Jacques Reynes, David Rey, Bruno Hoen, André Cabie, Firouzé Bani-Sadr, Antoine Cheret, Claudine Duvivier, Christine Jacomet, Anne Fresard, Laurent Hustache-Mathieu, Laurent Cotte
OBJECTIVE: High hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment uptake combined with effective direct-acting antiviral-based regimens resulted in a dramatic decline of HCV infection in French people living with HIV (PLWH). We assessed the yearly incidence of new HCV infection in PLWH enrolled in the large French Dat'AIDS cohort from 2012 to 2016 with a specific focus on MSM. METHODS: The incidence of new HCV infection was determined yearly in HCV-negative PLWH with serological follow-up during 2012-2016...
February 12, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436977/injection-related-hepatitis-c-serosorting-behaviors-among-people-who-inject-drugs-an-urban-rural-comparison
#6
Ian Duncan, Patrick Habecker, Dane Hautala, Bilal Khan, Kirk Dombrowski
Although previous research has focused on injection drug use behaviors in both urban and rural settings, few have drawn direct comparisons between adjacent rural and urban areas. Using data from the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance study as well as original data collected in a similar fashion, we compare the risk behaviors of people who inject drugs (PWID) in San Juan, Puerto Rico, with those of PWID in nearby rural areas. Specifically, we examine whether one's own hepatitis C (HCV) infection status can be used to predict whether one asked their most recent co-injection partner about their HCV status...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434818/current-characteristics-of-hemophilia-patients-co-infected-with-hiv-hcv-in-japan
#7
Satoshi Miuma, Masaaki Hidaka, Mitsuhisa Takatsuki, Koji Natsuda, Akihiko Soyama, Hisamitsu Miyaaki, Yasuko Kanda, Yoko Tamada, Hidetaka Shibata, Eisuke Ozawa, Naota Taura, Susumu Eguchi, Kazuhiko Nakao
Over 30 years have passed since co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/hepatitis C virus (HCV) was first documented in hemophilia patients in Japan. In such cases, the leading cause of mortality is reportedly HCV-associated end-stage liver disease. However, the current characteristics of hemophilia patients co-infected with HIV/HCV are unknown. The aim of the present study was to reveal the current characteristics, notably HCV geno-prevalence and liver function, among hemophilia patients co-infected with HIV/HCV in Japan...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434450/incidence-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-patients-with-chronic-liver-disease-due-to-hepatitis-b-or-c-and-coinfected-with-the-human-immunodeficiency-virus-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Patrícia Dos Santos Marcon, Cristiane Valle Tovo, Dimas Alexandre Kliemann, Patrícia Fisch, Angelo Alves de Mattos
AIM: To assess the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in chronic liver disease due to hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed, including patients with chronic liver disease due to HBV or HCV, with and without HIV coinfection. Patients were selected in the largest tertiary public hospital complex in southern Brazil between January 2007 and June 2014...
February 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433454/hepatitis-b-c-in-the-countries-of-the-eu-eea-a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-among-at-risk-groups
#9
Abby May Falla, Sanne Henrietta Ina Hofstraat, Erika Duffell, Susan Josien Maria Hahné, Lara Tavoschi, Irene Karen Veldhuijzen
BACKGROUND: In 2016, the World Health Organisation set a goal to eliminate viral hepatitis by 2030. Robust epidemiological information underpins all efforts to achieve elimination and this systematic review provides estimates of HBsAg and anti-HCV prevalence in the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) among three at-risk populations: people in prison, men who have sex with men (MSM), and people who inject drugs (PWID). METHODS: Estimates of the prevalence among the three risk groups included in our study were derived from multiple sources...
February 12, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433300/treatment-rate-for-hcv-in-the-direct-acting-antivirals-era-in-hiv-co-infected-patients-data-from-an-italian-cohort
#10
Gianluca Cuomo, Cinzia Puzzolante, Claudia Lazzaretti, Giovanni Guaraldi, Vanni Borghi, Cristina Mussini
BACKGROUND: New Direct Antiviral Agents (DAA) are now effective in HCV infection; persons living with HIV (PLWH) were undertreated. Aim of this study was to describe the management of HCV treatment in a HIV/HCV cohort during a 16 years period. METHODS: An electronic review of all HIV patients with > 1 clinic check from the year 2000 was made. De- mographic, virologic and treatment data were collected. RESULTS: From 2000 to 2015 a total of 2352 PLWH were enrolled; 776 (33%) resulted positive at HCV anti- bodies, and were mostly genotype 1 and 3...
January 31, 2018: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429864/prevalence-and-correlates-of-recent-injecting-drug-use-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-australia-results-from-the-flux-study
#11
H Bui, I Zablotska-Manos, M Hammoud, F Jin, T Lea, A Bourne, J Iversen, N Bath, J Grierson, L Degenhardt, G Prestage, L Maher
BACKGROUND: While illicit drug use is prevalent among gay and bisexual men (GBM) in Australia, little is known about the factors associated with injecting drug use among GBM. METHODS: The Following Lives Undergoing Change (FLUX) study is a national, online prospective observational cohort investigating drug use among Australian GBM. Eligible participants were men living in Australia who were aged 16.5 years or older, identified as gay or bisexual or had sex with at least one man in the last year...
February 8, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427485/treatment-of-hepatitis-c-the-use-of-the-new-pangenotypic-direct-acting-antivirals-in-special-populations
#12
REVIEW
Stanislas Pol, Lucia Parlati
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The recommended combination of pangenotypic direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) associates the co-formulation of 2 or 3 second-generation DAAs. In the so-called "special populations" defined as patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), HCV/HIV co-infection, HCV/HBV co-infection and an unsuccessful previous DAA regimen, these combinations have a high antiviral potency (sustained virologic response (SVR) > 95%), fair tolerance and a reduced pill burden...
February 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427481/treatment-of-hepatitis-c-results-in-real-life
#13
REVIEW
Christophe Hézode
Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) have transformed traditional treatment options for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. DAA combinations have been shown to be highly effective in reducing the burden of chronic HCV infection in clinical trials and have been recommended by the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) treatment guidelines. This review examines the results of second-generation DAA combinations in real-life clinical practice in patients with genotypes 1-3 and in those co-infected with HIV (real-world data in genotypes 4-6 are rare)...
February 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424817/re-recovery-of-cd4-t-cells-in-hiv-hcv-coinfected-children-is-it-really-impaired
#14
Adedeji O Majekodunmi, Robin Callard, Nigel Klein, Joanna Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424816/recovery-of-cd4-t-cells-in-hiv-hcv-coinfected-children-is-it-really-impaired
#15
Carolina Fernández McPhee, Talía Sainz, Maria Luisa Navarro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422042/scoping-out-the-literature-on-mobile-needle-and-syringe-programs-review-of-service-delivery-and-client-characteristics-operation-utilization-referrals-and-impact
#16
REVIEW
Carol Strike, Miroslav Miskovic
BACKGROUND: Needle and syringe program (NSP) service delivery models encompass fixed sites, mobile services, vending machines, pharmacies, peer NSPs, street outreach, and inter-organizational agreements to add NSP services to other programs. For programs seeking to implement or improve mobile services, access to a synthesis of the evidence related to mobile services is beneficial, but lacking. METHODS: We used a scoping study method to search MEDLINE, PSYCHInfo, Embase, Scopus, and Sociological for relevant literature...
February 8, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414482/reducing-opioid-overdose-in-kazakhstan-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-couple-based-integrated-hiv-hcv-and-overdose-prevention-intervention-renaissance
#17
Louisa Gilbert, Timothy Hunt, Sholpan Primbetova, Assel Terlikbayeva, Mingway Chang, Elwin Wu, Tara McCrimmon, Nabila El-Bassel
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of a couple-based integrated HIV/HCV and overdose prevention intervention on non-fatal and fatal overdose and overdose prevention behaviors among people who use heroin or other opioids in Almaty, Kazakhstan. METHODS: We selected 479 participants who reported lifetime heroin or opioid use from a sample of 600 participants (300 couples) enrolled in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) conducted between May 2009 and February 2013...
January 27, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413883/the-role-of-regulatory-t-cells-in-immunopathogenesis-and-immunotherapy-of-viral-infections
#18
REVIEW
Ahmad Karkhah, Mostafa Javanian, Soheil Ebrahimpour
Two hepatotropic viruses hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) have been considered as the main cause of chronic viral infections. In addition, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) attacks the immune system by eradication of some white blood cell (T-helper cell). The role of Tregs in HCV, HBV and HIV infections ranges from suppressing antiviral T cell responses to protecting tissues as liver and immune cells from immune mediated injury. In this review, we discuss the influence of regulatory T cells in immunopathology of specific viral infections including HCV, HBV and HIV by focusing on targeting Tregs as novel approach in vaccinology against viral infections...
January 29, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410097/hbv-bypasses-the-innate-immune-response-and-does-not-protect-hcv-from-antiviral-activity-of-interferon
#19
Pascal Mutz, Philippe Metz, Florian A Lempp, Silke Bender, Bingqian Qu, Katrin Schöneweis, Stefan Seitz, Thomas Tu, Agnese Restuccia, Jamie Frankish, Christopher Dächert, Benjamin Schusser, Ronald Koschny, Georgios Polychronidis, Peter Schemmer, Katrin Hoffmann, Thomas F Baumert, Marco Binder, Stephan Urban, Ralf Bartenschlager
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is sensitive to interferon (IFN)-based therapy whereas HBV infection is not. It is unclear whether HBV escapes detection by the IFN-mediated immune response or actively suppresses it. Moreover, little is known on how HBV and HCV influence each other in co-infected cells. We investigated interactions between HBV and the IFN-mediated immune response using HepaRG cells and primary human hepatocytes (PHHs). We analyzed the effects of HBV on HCV replication, and vice versa, at the single-cell level...
January 31, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408932/peripheral-tnf%C3%AE-elevations-in-abstinent-alcoholics-are-associated-with-hepatitis-c-infection
#20
Natalie M Zahr
Substantial evidence supports the view that inflammatory processes contribute to brain alterations in HIV infection. Mechanisms recently proposed to underlie neuropathology in Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) include elevations in peripheral cytokines that sensitize the brain to the damaging effects of alcohol. This study included 4 groups: healthy controls, individuals with AUD (abstinent from alcohol at examination), those infected with HIV, and those comorbid for HIV and AUD. The aim was to determine whether inflammatory cytokines are elevated in AUD as they are in HIV infection...
2018: PloS One
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