keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

food intolerance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915405/wheat-intolerance-and-chronic-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-an-australian-population-based-study-association-between-wheat-sensitivity-celiac-disease-and-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders
#1
Michael D E Potter, Marjorie M Walker, Michael P Jones, Natasha A Koloski, Simon Keely, Nicholas J Talley
OBJECTIVES: Wheat avoidance in the absence of celiac disease (CD) is common but occurrence of concurrent functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in this group is uncertain. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of self-reported wheat or gluten sensitivity and doctor diagnosed CD in an Australian population, define the associated gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and FGIDs, and determine the relationship between self-reported wheat sensitivity, demographic and medical factors...
June 19, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906449/transient-osmotic-perturbation-causes-long-term-alteration-to-the-gut-microbiota
#2
Carolina Tropini, Eli Lin Moss, Bryan Douglas Merrill, Katharine Michelle Ng, Steven Kyle Higginbottom, Ellen Pun Casavant, Carlos Gutierrez Gonzalez, Brayon Fremin, Donna Michelle Bouley, Joshua Eric Elias, Ami Siddharth Bhatt, Kerwyn Casey Huang, Justin Laine Sonnenburg
Osmotic diarrhea is a prevalent condition in humans caused by food intolerance, malabsorption, and widespread laxative use. Here, we assess the resilience of the gut ecosystem to osmotic perturbation at multiple length and timescales using mice as model hosts. Osmotic stress caused reproducible extinction of highly abundant taxa and expansion of less prevalent members in human and mouse microbiotas. Quantitative imaging revealed decimation of the mucus barrier during osmotic perturbation, followed by recovery...
June 14, 2018: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876157/postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-and-its-unusual-presenting-complaints-in-women-a-literature-minireview
#3
REVIEW
Ibrar Anjum, Wafa Sohail, Betul Hatipoglu, Robert Wilson
Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is a heterogeneous disorder of the autonomic nervous system that is defined by symptoms of orthostatic intolerance. According to the current criteria for adults, currently, POTS is defined as a heart rate increment of 30 beats/minute or more after 10 minutes of standing in the absence of orthostatic hypotension. There is a vast majority that remains misdiagnosed due to the heterogeneity of the disorder. Due to a lack of Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved therapy, alternative therapies and over the counter medications are used to alleviate the symptoms...
April 5, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873587/grifola-frondosa-maitake-extract-activates-ppar%C3%AE-and-improves-glucose-intolerance-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-mice
#4
Hana Aoki, Motoki Hanayama, Koichiro Mori, Ryuichiro Sato
Grifola frondosa is a mushroom that has anti-obesity effects, but the detailed mechanism is poorly understood. In this study, we found that lipid soluble extracts derived from G. frondosa (GFE) had peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor δ (PPARδ) agonist activity, inducing the expression of PPARδ-target genes in vitro. Furthermore, administration of GFE to high-fat diet-induced obese mice lowered the total blood cholesterol levels, upregulated the expression of PPARδ-target genes in skeletal muscles and improved glucose intolerance...
June 6, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867463/metformin-mitigates-fibrosis-and-glucose-intolerance-induced-by-doxorubicin-in-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue
#5
Luana A Biondo, Helena A Batatinha, Camila O Souza, Alexandre A S Teixeira, Loreana S Silveira, Maria I Alonso-Vale, Lila M Oyama, Michele J Alves, Marilia Seelaender, José C R Neto
Doxorubicin (DX) is a chemotherapeutic drug that is used in clinical practice that promotes deleterious side effects in non-tumor tissues such as adipose tissue. We showed that DX leads to extensive damage in adipose tissue via a disruption in 5'-adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and PPAR-gamma signaling. Thus, we investigated whether co-treatment with the biguanide drug metformin (MET) could prevent the side effects of DX through the activation of AMPK in adipose tissue. The goal of the present study was to verify the effects of DX and adjuvant MET treatment in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and to determine whether MET could protect against chemotherapy-induced side effects...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866145/food-as-a-trigger-for-abdominal-angioedema-attacks-in-patients-with-hereditary-angioedema
#6
Urs C Steiner, Lea Kölliker, Christina Weber-Chrysochoou, Peter Schmid-Grendelmeier, Elsbeth Probst, Walter A Wuillemin, Arthur Helbling
BACKGROUND: Hereditary angioedema with C1 inhibitor deficiency (C1-INH-HAE) is a rare inherited disease. In most HAE-affected subjects, defined trigger factors precede angioedema attacks. Mechanisms of how trigger factors stimulate the contact activation pathway with bradykinin generation are not well elucidated. In recent studies, hypersensitivity reactions and food were stated as relevant triggers. We investigated HAE affected people for possible hypersensitivity reactions or intolerances and their relation in triggering angioedema attacks...
June 5, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29842854/repeated-weight-cycling-in-obese-mice-causes-increased-appetite-and-glucose-intolerance
#7
Stephanie E Simonds, Jack T Pryor, Michael A Cowley
Obesity is an ongoing global public health problem. For many people dieting is the preferred method of combating elevated body fat. Weight lost during caloric restriction is often soon regained and so a pattern of recurrent dieting develops. Here an individual's food intake fluctuates up and down with intermittent periods of normal eating and restrained eating. The metabolic consequences of 'yoyo dieting' or 'weight cycling' are not well understood. Here we monitor the effects of multiple, repeated dieting periods on body composition and metabolic health in overweight mice...
May 26, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791203/short-term-thermoneutral-housing-alters-glucose-metabolism-and-markers-of-adipose-tissue-browning-in-response-to-a-high-fat-diet-in-lean-mice
#8
Zachary Stephen Clayton, Carrie E McCurdy
Systemic insulin resistance and glucose intolerance occur with as little as 3 days of a high-fat diet (HFD) in mice and humans; the mechanisms that initiate acute insulin resistance are unknown. Most laboratories house mice at 22{degree sign}C, which is below their thermoneutral temperature (~30{degree sign}C). Cold stress has been shown to increase white adipose tissue (WAT) browning, alter lipid trafficking and impair immune function, while energy intake and expenditure decrease with increasing ambient temperature; importantly, dysregulation of these parameters have been strongly linked to obesity-induced insulin resistance...
May 23, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788288/food-exclusion-based-on-igg-antibodies-alleviates-symptoms-in-ulcerative-colitis-a-prospective-study
#9
Liu Jian, He Anqi, Liu Gang, Wang Litian, Xu Yanyan, Wang Mengdi, Liu Tong
Background: Most patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) rely predominantly on medication for disease control. Diet interventions can reduce pharmaceutical expenditures and prolong remission. We designed a prospective study to evaluate whether an immunoglobulin G (IgG)-guided exclusion diet would improve symptoms and quality of life (QoL) in patients with UC. Methods: The 6-month diet intervention included 97 patients with UC, who were randomly divided into an intervention group (n = 49) and a control (n = 48) group...
May 16, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779822/associations-of-hyperosmolar-medications-administered-via-nasogastric-or-nasoduodenal-tubes-and-feeding-adequacy-food-intolerance-and-gastrointestinal-complications-amongst-critically-ill-patients-a-retrospective-study
#10
Evertine Wesselink, Kristine W A C Koekkoek, Martijn Looijen, Dick A van Blokland, Renger F Witkamp, Arthur R H van Zanten
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrition is essential during critical illness. However, providing adequate nutrition is often hindered by gastro-intestinal complications, including feeding intolerance. It is suggested that hyperosmolar medications could be causally involved in the development of gastro-intestinal complications. The aims of the present study were 1) to determine the osmolality of common enterally administered dissolved medications and 2) to study the associations between nasogastric and nasoduodenal administered hyperosmolar medications and nutritional adequacy as well as food intolerance and gastro-intestinal symptoms...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774938/-analysis-of-risk-factors-of-prolonged-postoperative-ileus-after-gastric-cancer-surgery
#11
Ning Wang, Lin Chen, Mingsen Li, Naizhong Jin, Bo Wei
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors of prolonged postoperative ileus (PPOI) after gastric cancer surgery. METHODS: Definition of PPOI was that gastrointestinal function did not return to normal within 96 hours after operation. Diagnostic criteria of PPOI were as follows: according with over 2 below conditions at postoperative 97-hour: (1) moderate to severe sick (mild: 1-3 points, moderate: 4-7 points, severe: 8-10 points) or vomiting occurred in past 12 hours...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771760/cutaneous-manifestations-of-nutritional-deficiency
#12
Ramrada Lekwuttikarn, Joyce M C Teng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Childhood malnutrition is a major global health issue. It is often thought of as a developing world problem and therefore, underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed in developed countries. The delay in diagnosis and treatment can lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Cutaneous manifestations are often the initial presenting signs of nutritional deficiency. Early recognition is essential in timely initiation of the necessary interventions. This article will review pertinent cutaneous findings and systemic manifestations associated with common nutritional deficiencies...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764860/membrane-initiated-estrogen-receptor-signaling-mediates-metabolic-homeostasis-via-central-activation-of-protein-phosphatase-2a
#13
Kazutaka Ueda, Eiki Takimoto, Qing Lu, Pangyen Liu, Nobuaki Fukuma, Yusuke Adachi, Ryo Suzuki, Shengpu Chou, Wendy Baur, Mark J Aronovitz, Andrew S Greenberg, Issei Komuro, Richard H Karas
Women gain weight and their diabetes risk increases as they transition through menopause; these changes can in part be reversed by hormone therapy. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms mediating these effects are unknown. A novel knock-in mouse line with the selective blockade of the membrane-initiated estrogen receptor (ER) pathway was employed, and we found that the lack of this pathway precipitated excessive weight gain and glucose intolerance independent of food intake, and that this was accompanied by impaired adaptive thermogenesis and reduced physical activity...
May 15, 2018: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753760/gluten-free-living-in-china-the-characteristics-food-choices-and-difficulties-in-following-a-gluten-free-diet-an-online-survey
#14
Zhenxing Lu, Haoyang Zhang, Sanna Luoto, Xiang Ren
BACKGROUND: Individuals adhering to a gluten-free diet (GFD) have been scarcely researched within a Chinese population. This present study was conducted to assess the characteristics, food choices, shopping preferences, and emotions and attitudes of individuals following a GFD. METHODS: Individuals following a GFD were invited to complete an online questionnaire about their demography and geography characteristics, gluten-free food choices, shopping preferences, GFD management and subjective difficulty towards the diet...
May 16, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746487/loss-of-malat1-does-not-modify-age-or-diet-induced-adipose-tissue-accretion-and-insulin-resistance-in-mice
#15
Sophie Carter, Stéphanie Miard, Louise Boivin, Sandrine Sallé-Lefort, Frédéric Picard
Several studies have suggested that signals emerging from white adipose tissue can contribute to the control of longevity. In turn, aging is associated with perturbed regulation and partitioning of fat depots and insulin resistance. However, the exact mechanisms involved in these relationships remain undetermined. Using RAP-PCR on adipose tissue of young and old male mice coupled with qPCR validation, we have uncovered the long non-coding RNA Malat1 as a gene robustly downregulated in visceral white adipose tissue (vWAT) during normal aging in male mice and men...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739280/abdominal-pain-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-for-morbid-obesity
#16
Tom Mala, Ingvild Høgestøl
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is widely used as treatment of morbid obesity. Weight loss, effects on obesity-related co-morbidities and quality of life are well documented post Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Other outcome measures are less well studied. This review explores aspects of prevalence, diagnostic evaluations, etiology, and treatment of abdominal pain specific to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. METHODS: The review is based on PubMed searches and clinical experience with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738550/genome-wide-association-meta-analysis-of-circulating-odd-numbered-chain-saturated-fatty-acids-results-from-the-charge-consortium
#17
Marcia C de Oliveira Otto, Rozenn N Lemaitre, Qi Sun, Irena B King, Jason H Y Wu, Ani Manichaikul, Stephen S Rich, Michael Y Tsai, Y D Chen, Myriam Fornage, Guan Weihua, Stella Aslibekyan, Marguerite R Irvin, Edmond K Kabagambe, Donna K Arnett, Majken K Jensen, Barbara McKnight, Bruce M Psaty, Lyn M Steffen, Caren E Smith, Ulf Risérus, Lars Lind, Frank B Hu, Eric B Rimm, David S Siscovick, Dariush Mozaffarian
BACKGROUND: Odd-numbered chain saturated fatty acids (OCSFA) have been associated with potential health benefits. Although some OCSFA (e.g., C15:0 and C17:0) are found in meats and dairy products, sources and metabolism of C19:0 and C23:0 are relatively unknown, and the influence of non-dietary determinants, including genetic factors, on circulating levels of OCSFA is not established. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the biological processes that influence circulating levels of OCSFA by investigating associations between genetic variation and OCSFA...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734514/immune-checkpoint-blockade-for-the-treatment-of-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
REVIEW
Naoshi Nishida, Masatoshi Kudo
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers with a high recurrence rate. Currently, tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are the first-line treatment for cases refractory to conventional therapies. However, the acquisition of somatic mutations can result in TKI resistance. Clinical evidence suggests that acquired immunity contributes to the suppression of tumor recurrence, indicating the potential of induced anti-tumor immune reaction for the treatment of HCC. Recently, immune checkpoint inhibitors have become available for the treatment of malignancies...
May 7, 2018: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713027/evaluation-of-chronic-diarrhea-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome-with-diarrhea-in-adults-in-the-era-of-precision-medicine
#19
REVIEW
Lawrence R Schiller
Chronic diarrhea is a common clinical problem, affecting roughly 5% of the population in any given year. Evaluation and management of these patients can be difficult due to the extensive differential diagnosis of this symptom. Many patients with chronic diarrhea have structural problems, such as inflammatory bowel disease or celiac disease, that can be readily identified. Others do not, and often are given a diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D). When based on generally accepted clinical criteria, a diagnosis of IBS-D identifies a group of patients who are unlikely to have disorders producing anatomical changes in the gut...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691074/-improving-the-control-of-food-allergy-and-intolerance-risks-in-school-settings-qualitative-inputs-from-focus-groups
#20
Teresa Londoño, Verónica Trabado, Alejo García-Rodríguez, Pere Balfagón, Joan R Villalbí
This paper describes the use of focus groups as part of the evaluation of programmes to control food allergy and intolerance (FAI) in school settings in the city of Barcelona (Spain). After fostering their adoption and as a qualitative component of their evaluation, the public health services ran two focus groups, one with people from schools that manage their own kitchen, and another from companies that outsource this service. There were 28 participants from 46% of the centres invited. All the schools seem to have implemented a self-control programme on FAI...
April 21, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
keyword
keyword
43732
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"